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lepowering his majesty to call out rebellion of 1798, the Irish govern1 Fiateers upon permanent duty ment communicated all the inforse it should appear necessary.- mation they were possessed of; he A bied was then ordered to be thought they should do the same on um iato further consideration on the present occasion. As far as he test of March.

was informed of the transaction, it On the 5th of March the Lord was as follows:- In the December kecelior informed the house of preceding, Mr. Emmet returned na liat he had had an interview from the continent and joined a ch bis majesty, who gave his royal conspiracy already formed. In the steal to a private bill, respecting same month depots were established ne duke of York's estate, so far as in Dublin, under the eyes of the buajesty's interest was concerned. Irish government. The preparations

The long expeeted motion for in- for collecting aries and ammunition s-tagating the causes of the late went on, without interruption, till besh insurrection, came on in the the 16th of July, when the depôt bage of commons on the 7th of at Patrick-street exploded, and the March, when sir John Wrottesly, premises being examined, by a police

Tko brought it forward, stateil, oficer, were found to contain pikes ikut be considered it as a subject of and preparations for making gun. #stnost importance, both as re powier. After a faćt so notorions, puting the honoor of the Irish and after government had received puremament, and the security and express notice of the intended in- .

uppia:ss of that people. The in- surrection, it was incumbent upon tress of Ireland, he said, were them to shew that they had done beserly entrusted to its own legis. cvery thing, that was their duty, to

2:01, but, since the union, it be- have prevented the insurrection. ose the duty of every member of Every circumstance, however, seemthe imperial parliament to pay at. ed to shew that key suffered themsation to them. He thought that selves to be completely surprised. bezeicial consequences must result The lord lieutenant was at his lodge from the question which was then in the park, guarded only by a to be diecussed ; for if it appeared serjeant and twelve men ; almost that the Irish government had been every considerable officer of the goszkant and active, and that they vernment was out of town; and had not suffered themselves to be there appeared to be as much :0tarprised, but were well informed pineness and indifference about the of etery thing that was likely to event as if this savage insurrection ake place ; in such case, those had really been only a contemptible Loubts would be removed, that now, riot. He concluded by moving for 1x a great degree, lessen that confi- a committee to be appointed for dence which it were to be wished the purposes already stated. that they possessed. If, on the Lord Castlereagh opposed the en. other hand, these doubts and sus. quiry on two grounds. In the first pacions were well founded, it would place, he thought it unnecessary, be incumbent to address his majesty as no imputation of blame attached to dismiss those persons from the either to the civil or military goforerament of Ireland. After the vernment of Ireland, notwithstand


ing the honourable baronet appear. gočernment, and conceived no par. ed to have taken it as a point con. liamentary grounds had been stated ceded, that blame must attach either to make the proposed enquiry neto the one or the other. He also cessary. opposed it, because it would be at. Mr. Canning wonld not allow, that tended with the greatest public in the valuable time of parliament could convenience, to bring the first civil be better employed than in enquir. and military officers of Ireland, to ing whether the people were well or this country to be examined, when ill governed. If the act of union no sufficient reason was adduced for had not taken place, the conduct of the measure, and when their ser the Irish government on this occa. vices were much wanting in Ireland. sion must certainly have been amply Lord Hardwicke had proposed to discussed in the parliament of that government here, the renewing of country; and it was but due to the the habeas corpus suspension act, people of Ireland, to shew them before the breaking out of the in- that their interests were not negsurrection, which shewed he was Jected in the parlianient of the united not so uninformed as some gentle. kingdom. lf, after the explosion in men supposed, of the state of things Patrick-street, on the 16th of July, in that country. In fact, it was government still thought there was perfectly known to government that ko danger, they must have been er. the north of Ireland, and the coun cessively blind; and if they appreties of the interior, would take no hended danger, and yet made no part in the conspiracy; and that preparations to avert it, they were the garrison of Dublin was abun. extremely culpable. The statement dantly strong to drive before them of the noble lord had been in some any number of rebels which could respects contradicted by wliat apbe collected in Dublin. The gar- peared on the trial of the conspirarison of Dublin amounted to 1000 tors; and lord Redesdale (the Irish veterans, and as for the castle, be- chanceilor) made it a charge against sides a very strong guard, the 62nd 3.4ths of the people of Ireland, that regiment of foot was stationed in a they had furnished their quota to that barrack only one hundred yards army, which according to lordCastle. distant from it. Under such cir- reagh, amounted only to 80 men. Ile cumstance, the idea of taking the then condemned severely the senti. castle was as extravagant a one as mentswhich had been delivered by the ever entered into the head of an en. Irish lord chancellor, in the corres. thusiastic person. Except for the pondence (which had been publishi. atrocious murder of lord kilwarden, , ed) between his lordship and the the insurrection really did deserve earl of Fingall*, and seemed to con. the name of a most contemptible sider that a person entertaining such transaction, which had injured ma sentiments onght not to continue in terially the cause and the hopes such a high situation under the Irisha of rebellion in Ireland. His lorde government. ship then vindicated, at considerable Mr. Archdale thought it by no length, the conduct of the Irish means necessarily followed, that go.


* Vide Appendix to Innual Register for 1803.

16th of Ja ght there we have been the

ncaired no es reement must be deficient in infor- best doctor* could not have preventhad been stall ania and vigilance whenever an ed. He bore testimony to the amiied enquiry n surection broke out: he witness- able character and conciliating mea

a soch more serious riots in Lon- sures of lord Hardwicke in general, { not allow. tire, in the year 1780, and yet it which had made the people of Irevarliament coal ta never thought necessary to in- land much more contented and hapthan in eppur

frate a committee of enquiry into py than they were before. He conple were wda

conduct of the British govern. sidered the Irish government to be, e act of mist at that time. The murder of upon the whole, a very good one. the conductd

kad Kilwarden was an event that he Lord Temple thought the discus. t on this acts deplored as much as any man, but sion must be, at all events, attended ave been att te circumstances attending it were with one good effect, as it would liament of each exaggerated, when it was sup- shew the people of Ireland that bat due to the pued that a drunken mob, which some attention was paid to their into shew in stainly did not exceed 400 men, terests. When he had the honour of

tould put to serious hazard a city bringing up the act of union to the it of the united slich bad a garrison of 4000 regu- other house of parliament, he felt a he esplosion

las, besides the yeomanry. He strong hope, that, when the period Hill considered all parties in Ireland of peace should arrive, the wounds

a lestile to a French invasion, and of former animosities would be heal

Leprecated the idea of considering ed, and the affections of the people f the most en detesdale, in the correspondence which, Irish ministers were now stuHuded to, as the disposition of the dying polemical theology, and sow

ing fresh seeds of discontent. As for Mr. Dawson opposed the motion the ministers of this country, there matro grounds. If its object were was po knowing how to understand a throw censure or suspicion on the their declarations. They liad no sonduct of the Irish government, he sooner asserted that the country was disapproved of it, and he considered in profound peace, than they came the silence of the Irish members up- forward, and spoke of the conduct on the subject as a proof that they of France as a continued system of did not perceive the practical utility aggression, insult, and liostility. of such a discussion. If, on the They had no sooner announced the other hand, this was brought for perfect tranquillity of Ireland, than ward as an opposition subject, they stated an actual insurrection in merely with the view of attacking that country, which sometimes they the ministers of this country, he destribed as “ formidable,” and at thought it would be anfair and un- other times as “ a most contempti. generous to make Irish connexions ble riot.” He then censured the and Irish interests serve as a stalking want of vigilance and preparation borse for the purposes of any party on the part of the Irish government, in this country. He thought the especially after the explosion of the attempt at rebellion in Ireland was powder-mill in the heart of the city unnatural and premature, and that it of Dublin. 123 a sort of abortion which the General Tarleton said, that, har

ing * Mach mirth arose in the house, upon the honourable member's use of this term.

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. ing been appointed on the Irish staff not surprised, he declared, that if it very shortly after the insurrection should be the sense of the house, he had taken place, he had opportuni. felt no personal objection to the ties of learning the particulars of fullest enquiry upon the subject. what happened on the 23d of July, Mr. Fox said he should vote for from a great variety of quarters. the enquiry. The Irish government The universal impression was, that had certainly endeavoured to impute the Irish government was taken by blame to his honourable relation, surprise. He considered that gene- (general Fox) in order to screen ral Fox ought not to have been de themselves. The coolness which was prived of such an important situa. alledged to subsist between the lord tion, when no charge could be lieutenant and general For did not brought against him for misconduct. take place until several days after

Mr. secretary Yorke did not know the 234 of July, and until the Irisha that general Fox had been recalled. government were a second time surDifferences had existed between him prised, by tinding themselves much and the lord lieutenant, which made blamed for their ncgligence. They it necessary that one of them should then attempted to shift the blame to retire, and general Fox accordingly his honourable relation, and it was resigned. His noble relation (lord signified to him, that the lord lienteHardwicke) had accepted the go. nant wished him to resign. This vernment of Ireland on the principle certainly could not be considered a of adopting a system of conciliation; voluntary resignation, and did imply he was, therefore, not over really to a censure. Although the ministers give implicit credit to every story had expressly disclained the intenthat was brought him of intended tion of imputing blame to general insurrection. It was not to be ex. Fox, vet the Irish government still pected that government should have took that course of justifying them. been accurately informed of the selves, and the Dublin Journal,” the precise time when Emmett resolved newspaper of the castle, continued to begin his insurrection; that was a to insert scurrilous and defamatory secret, of which Mr. Eumet alone paragraphs against him. Throughwas the depository. Symptoms of out all the letters, and extracts of insurrection had appeared in the letters, which had been published on county of Kildare, in consequence this business, it was evident that the of which fresh reinforcements of great leading principle of lord llard. troops were sent to that county.-- wicke's policy was to avoid giving The garrison of Dublin, amounting alarm, and that he totally disbelieved to 1000 regulars, were certainly the intelligence which he had re. suficient for the suppression of any ceived. General Fox had been only insurrection which could have taken six wecks in the country, had no seplace in that city. The object of cret service money, and had no the governnent certainly was means of knowing whether any take the precautions that were neces- information that was given was sary for the preblic safety, but to worthy of belief or not. It was avoid all unnecessary aların. After clearly the business of the governstating a variety of circumstances, to ment to determine that, and their shew that the Irish government was whole conduct shewed that they


did not believe it. If lord llard. distincily seen him from a two pair wicke had believed an insurrection of stairs window ! would have broke out on the 23d, The Attorney General did not he would not have gone to his coun think such a prima facie case had try seat, neither would the lord- been made out as would justify an mayor. It was clear that the go- enquiry. Although constant patroles vernment gave no credit to the in- of foot and horse might possibly preformation they had received, and it vent any insurrection breaking out was equally clear that it was for in the streets of Dublin, yet they them who were entrusted with a could not prevent rebellion from large secret service money, amount. Jurking in the heart of the country, ing to 60,0001. a-year, and not to He thought that, unless a grave and general Fox, who was a stranger in important case could be made out, the country, to determine what sort the house could not with consistency of information was deserving of cre or propriety agree to the motion. dit. ' He thought there was sufficient Lord De Blaquiere supported the prima facie evidence of neglect in enquiry, but seemed to consider that the Irish government to justify par- the blame should fall principally on liament in instituting the enquiry. the English ministers, who refused to

Mr. Dallas conceived it beneath give the lord lieutenant those powers the dignity of parliament to institute which were necessary, and for which an enquiry on such insufficient he applied. That system of not agrounds. He saw no evidence of larining the people, led to doing culpable want of information. There what was worse than wrong ; it led were no incans of discovering a se to doing nothing at all! It was a cret that had been entrusted to so system that would have brought this few. The insurrection was cere country to ruin, if it bad not been tainly most contemptible in its awakened by a right honourable means, though not so in its object. gentleman (Mr. Windham) to a He thought that the Irish govern- proper sense of its dangers. It was ment had gained every previous in- the same system that crossed over to formation that was possible from Ireland, like a pestilential disease, their means, and that they had taken and brought it to the brink of ruin. every necessary precaution, and He thought the government of Irewere therefore in no degree blam- land could not have acted the part able.

they did, unless under the immediate Dr. Lawrence supported the en. control of the English cabinet. quiry, and complained of necessary Mr. Windham took notice of the information being kept back from great length of time that gentlemen , the house. As to the darkness of on the other side took to make up the night on which the insurrection their minds, upon the grounds to took place, he must observe, that take in defending the Irish governalthough the night was stated to be ment. They seemed at a loss to so dark, that it was hardly possible know, whether it were better to be to have seen one's hand, yet a man negligent, or to be ignorant; whehal , hanged upon the sole evi- ther in that transaction they should dence of a persun who swore to have be bulls or bears. Sometimes they


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