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her disposal. During his residence at Oxford, the time which he did not employ in study or college duties, was devoted to her; his attention was equally the result of principle and affection. She was the confidant of his plaus, hopes, and occupations, and he invariably consulted her on all occasions, where his more important interests were con- . cerned. The kindness, as well as the sincerity of his affection, was shewn in numberless instances, which never failed to attract the observation of his friends and associates, although they are too minute to be particularized; and the satisfaction which he derived from the distinction to which his abilities had raised him, was redoubled from the consideration that his mother participated in it. I regret that none of his letters to his inother have been preserved, as they would have exhibited an amiable and striking part of his character*.

The * I transcribe the following memorandum from the hand-writing of Mr. Jones:

Anno Ætat. 33. Resolved to learn no more rudiments of any kind, but to perfect myself in,

First, 12 languages, as the meuns of acquiring accurate knowledge of the


1. Man. 2. Nature.

11. ARTS.
1. Rhetorick. 2. Poetry. 3. Painting. 4. Music.

III. SCIENCES. 1. Law. 2. Mathematics. 3. Dialectic.. N. B. Every species of human knowledge may be reduced to one or other of these divisions. Even lar belongs partly to the History of Man, partly as a science, to dialectic..


The remaining correspondence of this year be tween Mr. Jones and his friends, is not important: I select from it only two letters, wbich cannot fail to please, although they may not be particularly interesting. Mr. JONES to the Bishop of St. ASAPH. MY LORD,

November 23, 1780. Had I not been prevented by particular business from writing to your Lordship on Tuesday evening and yesterday, I would have informed you before, that we had done ourselves the honour (and a very great one we shall ever 1 esteem it) of electing your Lordship a member of our club*. The election was of course unanimous, and it was carried with the sincere approbation and eagerness of all present. I am sorry to add, that Lord Camden and the Bishop of Chester were re

The 12 languages are,


Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese,

Hebrew, Arabic,


German, English.

1780. *Generally known by the name of the Turk's-Head Club, held in Gerrard-street, Soho. The establishment of this club was first proposed by Sir Joshua Reynolds to Burke and Johnson, and the original members of it were the friends of these three. The number of members was gradually increased to forty, comprehending men of the most distinguished characters, and eminent for their learning, talents, and * abilities.


jected. When Bishops and Chancellors honour us by offering to dine with us at a tavern, it seems very extraordinary that we should ever reject such an offer ; but there is no reasoning on the caprice of men. Of our club I will only say, that there is no branch of human knowledge, on which some of our members are not capable of giving information, and I trust that as the honour will be ours, so your Lordship will receive some pleasure from the company once a fortnight, of some of our first writers and critics, as well as our most virtuous scnators and accomplished men. I think myself highly honoured in having been a member of this society near ten years, and chiefly in having contributed to add such names to the number of our friends as those of your Lordship and Lord Althorpe. I spoke yesterday in Westminster-Hall for two hours and a half, on a knotty point of law, and this morning for above an hour, on a very interesting public question ; to-morrow I must argue a great cause, and am therefore obliged to conclude with assuring your Lordship, that I am with the highest, &c.

W. JONES. The Bishop of St. ASAPH to Mr. JONES. DEAR SIR,

November 27. You was prevented by Sir Joshua Reynolds in your kind intentions of giving me the earliest notice of the honour you have done me. I believe Mr. Fox will allow me to say, that the honour of being elected into the Turk 's-Head Club is not inferior to that of being the representa

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tive of Westminster or Surry. The electors are certainly more disinterested, and I should say they were much better judges of merit, if they had not rejected Lord Camden and chosen me. I flatter myself with the hopes of great pleasure and improvement in such a society as you describe, which indeed is the only club of which I ever wished myself a member.

Though I am much flattered with hearing from you, I was delighted with the cause of your delaying to write. Your talents have found means, by their own weight, to open the way to public notice and employment, which could not long be shut against them. Your pleadings for the nephew against the daughter promise something very curious in the particulars of the case, which seems to call for great abilities to defend it.

I would not neglect the first opportunity of answering your very obliging letter, though, it being early post day, I am forced to write in a greater hurry than I could wish. I am, &c. J. St. A.

After an interval of six years, we find Mr. Jopes · retracing his favourite haunts with the Arabian muses. He devoted the leisure hours of the winter of 1780-1 to complete his translation of seven ancient poems of the highest repute in Arabia".

Literature, * At the beginning of the seventh century, the Arabic language was brought to a high degree of perfection, by a sort of poetical academy, that used to assemble at stated times in a place called Ocadh, where cvery poet produced his best composition, and was sure to ineet with the applause that it deserved; the most excellent of these poems were

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Literature, politics, professional studies and practice, all had a share of his attention ; but the principal object of his hopes and ambition was the vacant seat on the bench in India, to which he looked forward with increasing anxiety. The marriage of Lord Althorpe with Miss Bingham, daughter of Lord Lucan, was too interesting an event to pass unnoticed by Mr. Jones; and he celebrated the nuptials of his friend in a very poetical ode, under the title of the Muse Recalled*. This composition, the dictate of friendship, and offspring of genius, was written in the course of a few hours. His poetic talents were also exerted in

transcribed in characters of gold upon Egyptian paper, and hung up in the Temple of Mecca, whence they were named Mozahebat, or golden, and Moallakat, or suspended : the poems of this sort were called Casseidas or Eclogues, seven of which are preserved in our libraries, and are considered as the finest that were written before the time of Mobammed.

Essay on the Poetry of the Eastern Nations.

Works, vol. xiv. p. 535. It may be satisfactory to the reader who does not possess the works of Sir Wm. Jones, to read his metrical imitation of a passage in the 4th Eclogue.

But ah! thou knows't not in what youthful play,
Our nights, beguild with pleasure, swam away ;
Gay songs, and cheerful tales, deceiv'd the time,
And circling goblets made a tuneful chime;
Sweet was the draught, and sweet the blooming maid,
Who touch'd her lyre beneath the fragrant shade ;
We sipp'd till morning purpled every lain;
The damsels slumber'd, but we sipp'd again ;
The waking birds that sung on every tree

Their early notes, were not so blythe as we.
* Works, vol. iv. p. 563.

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