The Jewish Trinity Sourcebook: Trinitarian Readings from the Old Testament
The Sourcebook is Volume 2 of a set, Volume 1 being "The Jewish Trinity: When Rabbis Believed in the Father, Son and Holy Spirit," on sale everywhere. For a free color PDF of the Sourcebook, see www.yoel.info (The free color PDF is also available from Lulu.com). To search inside this book, go to Google Print: B&W version: http://print.google.com/print?
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The Sourcebook is an awesome book that complements The Jewish Trinity well!
The Jewish Trinity Sourcebook provides much of the data from which Yoel Natan worked to produce The Jewish Trinity: When Rabbis Believed in the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This Sourcebook is full of Trinitarian evidence amassed mostly from the Hebrew Scripture (OT)--evidence that could not fit between the covers of The Jewish Trinity. In The Jewish Trinity, Yoel Natan grappled with, and refuted, anti-Trinitarian evidence. He also provided many Trinitarian proofs. The Jewish Trinity told the reader how the Old Testament is meant to be read Trinitarian. This Sourcebook goes further and actually shows passages of the Old Testament read Trinitarian.
The Sourcebook is a continuation of The Jewish Trinity, of which here is a description: Conventional wisdom states that the Hebrew Scriptures only hint that there are persons of Yahveh. The Jewish Trinity is unlike any other book in that it shows how Moses and other Bible writers wrote strikingly and often about the Trinity and the deity of the Messiah. The Old Testament is as explicit about the Trinity and the deity of the Messiah as is the New Testament. The author identifies many more proofs than are found in other books that discuss the Trinity. The bottom line is that any reader will see the Trinity evidenced throughout the Bible.
Excerpted from The Jewish Trinity Sourcebook: Trinitarian Readings from the Old Testament by Yoel Natan. Copyright © 2003. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.
How to Read the OT as Trinitarian
Using the general criterion listed in TJT, the reader may identify the persons of The Trinity in many OT passages. In the appendices of this Sourcebook, special indicators of the persons of The Trinity that are specific to certain texts are mentioned in the intertextual (as opposed to interlinear) notes.
Often in sections where there is a mix of singular and plural words referring to Yahveh, the singular words do refer to The Trinity. Frequently there is more than one type of Trinitarian indicator in a Trinitarian passage, and this confirms that many singulars do indeed refer to The Trinity. The mix of singular and plural words referring to Yahveh shows that the Bible writers knew The Trinity to be three persons, yet one God.
The author is a conservative Christian who subscribes to the so-called Ecumenical or Universal Creeds: the Apostles’, Nicene, and Athanasian Creeds. The Athanasian Creed speaks against the heresy of Tritheism, and warns against speaking of The Trinity as "Gods" or "Lords."
The Athanasian Creed was written in the Western church in the sixth century by an unknown author. The unknown author of the Athanasian Creed probably had no familiarity with the Bible in the original languages, but only with the Latin Vulgate. Jerome translated the Hebrew and Greek plurals referring to Yahveh as Latin singulars.
So, the Athanasian Creed forbids using plurals to refer to The Trinity. One can speculate that this may be a reason why the Greek Orthodox Church does not recognize this creed, despite its pseudonymous attribution to Athanasius (circa 296–373 AD).
The Athanasian Creed concerns doctrine, and should not necessarily be interpreted as an exegetical gag rule. Exegetes can discuss the fact that the literal translations of plural forms referring to Yahveh are plural without subscribing to polytheism. Where the Athanasian Creed becomes helpful is in the drafting of creedal statements. This book is intended to be an exegetical discussion, not a creedal formulation.