« PreviousContinue »
preaching of Jowah, about the year B. C. 862. But | Assuerus, or Cyaxares, king of Media, and Nabuchodnohaving been reprieved under Sennacherib, they had sor, or Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, about B.C. 606. become so intolerably advanced in wickedness, impurity, Diodorus Siculus, with others, ascribes the taking of and blood, that "the LORD, who is slow to anger," sent it to Arbaces the Mede and Belesis the Babylonian ; his servant Nahum, B.C.713, to pronounce
woe to the and says, that they dispersed the citizens in the villages, bloody city.”
levelled the city with the ground, transferred the gold God avenged the cruelties and iniquities of this city and silver, of which there were many talents, to Ecbaas he foretold; and it will be proper to transcribe some tana, the motropolis of the Medes; and thus subverted of the denunciations of the divine messengers : “The the empire of the Assyrians. The materials of this burthen of Nineveh. God is jealous, and the LORD re- mighty city were carried away to build Mosul aud vengeth; the LORD will take vengeance on his adver- other places. sarics, he reserveth wrath for his enemies. For while Lucian, a native of a city on the banks of the Euthey be folden together as thorns, and while they are phrates, in that vicinity, testified that Nineveh had drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as utterly perished, and that no vestige of it was remainstubble fully dry. The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved. Take ye the The Persians, subsequently to A. D. 230), built another spoil of silver, take the spoil of gold: for there is none city on or near the supposed site of ancient Nineveh ; end of the store and glory out of all their pleasant but this was destroyed by the Saracens A. D. 632. So furniture. Behold, thy people in the midst of thee are completely have the predictions of Nahum been fulwomen; the gates of thy land shall be set wide open filled, that the very site of Nineveh was long unknown unto thine enemies : the fire shall derour thy bars. to the moderns ; but it has lately been visited by several There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is intelligent travellers. They describe it as a vast exgrievous : all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the tended waste, interspersed but here and there with hands over thee; for upon whom hath not thy wicked- heaps of rubbish. The principal mounds, which are ness passed continually?” Nahum i, 1, 2, 8, 10; few' in number, are in many places overgrown with ii, 6, 9; iii, 13— 19. “He will stretch out his hand grass, and resemble the mounds left by the intrenchagainst the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make ments and fortifications of ancient Romnan camps. The Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness. And appearance of other mounds and ruins less marked, fiocks shall lie down in the midst of her, all the beasts extend for ten miles, and seem to be the wreck of of the nations : both the cormorant and the bittern former buildings. There is not one monument of shall lodge in the upper lintels of it: their voice shall royalty, nor one token of splendour: the places are sing in the windows ; desolation shall be in the not known where they stood. There are not even thresholds; for he shall uncover the cedar-work. This bricks, stones, or other materials of buildings, disis the rejoicing city, that said in her heart, I am, and cernible in the largest mounds. The place is, as forethere is none beside me: how is she become a desola- shown by the inspired prophet, a desolation - an utter tion, a place for beasts to lie down in. Every one that ruin-empty, void, and waste! The very ruins have passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his head." Zeph. ii, perished; and it is reduced to even less than the wreck 13-15.
of its former grandeur. It shows not the least sign Zephaniah flourished but three years before his pre- of the greatness of its kings, nobles, or merchants : dictions and those of Nahum were in a great degree but even the absence of those, amid the heaps of their accomplished upon Nineveh ; and we cannot refrain rubbish, proclaim most powerfully the vengcance of from urging our readers to peruse with attention the the Almighty against the wicked, and the infallible awful denunciations of the inspired prophet Nahum. truth of the word of God! Dr. Adam Clarke remarks, upon chapter iii, 2, 3, “The threatenings are continued in a strain of invective, astonishing for its richness, variety, and energy. One
BIBLE ANECDOTES. may hear and see the whip crack, the horses prancing,
Mr. Baker, the Missionary Printer, at Madagascar, in the wheels rumbling, the chariots bounding after the a letter to the Committee of the Bible Society, having galloping steeds, the reflection of drawn and highly- particularized the extensive circulation of the Scriptures polished swords, and the hurled spears like flashes of
in that island, observes, “ Many facts might be named, lightning dazzling the eyes, the slain lying in heaps, and horses and chariots stumbling over them.”
illustrating the sincere affection of the natives to the
word of God. I will specify two:A Greek historian, in describing the manner of the destruction of Nineveh, relates that there was an ancient
“I went one day into an ostler's house, who was a prophecy received from their forefathers, that Nineveh poor man, and dwelt in a house very much inferior to should not be taken till the river first became an enemy
his master's horse stables. I found neither chair nor to the city: and in the third year of the siege, the
table, nor any other furniture or property, except the Tigris being swollen with long-continued rains, over
earthen-pot for cooking rice, and the native plates. flowed the lower part of the city and broke down
But I observed a strong wooden box, with a lock; and twenty furlongs of the wall, thus opening an entrance
on inquiring what was in it, the ostler opened it, and for the enemy. The king then thinking that the oracle
showed me his Testament; thus preserved to keep it was fulfilled, the river having manifestly become an
from the rats, and from being stolen by any unprinci. enemy to the city, in his desperation, lest he should
pled scholar : and this I afterwards found to be a very fall into the enemy's hands, heaped an immense funeral
The natives value it as their highest pyre in the palace; and haviug collected all his gold
treasure.” and silver, and royal vestments, together with his “ When the natives went to the wars, to the distance concubines and eunuchs, placed himself with them of perhaps 500 miles, in 1830, and subsequently, not in a little apartment built in the midst of the less than fifty“ Believers," as they were scornfully pyre, and burnt them with himself and the palace termed, carried their Testaments; and, by means of together. When the death of the king was announced them, were enabled to keep up prayer and other ly certain deserters, the enemy entered at the breach meetings, by which many were brought to a kuowledge the waters had made, and took the city.
of the truth; and many hundreds (perhaps thousands) Nineveh was thus taken and utterly ruined by were brought to a general knowledge of Christianity."
ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES.
No. III.-THE OMNIPRESENCE OF GOD.
(Continued from page 86.) 5. But another and most forcible proof of the truth of these reinarks, may be derived from the fact, that God always lears prayer. On reading the Bible, we cannot but be struck with the numerous and earnest exhortations which it contains, for inen to seek God's favour and protection by asking for it, and the instances there recorded, in which such applications have been successful, put it beyond the possibility of a doubt that God is at all times present everywhere, to hear the supplicatious of his people. Scripture assures us, that “the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears open to their prayers.” When Hagar had gone forth destitute and lonely, to wander over the wilderness of Beersheba, she did but lift up her voice, in concert with that of her helpless child, and an angel was sent from heaven to administer consulation. When Jacob had laid himself down to rest beside the wall of Bethel, and had been permitted to see a vision of angels, the thoughts which struck him on awaking, were those which all of us would do well to keep perpetually in mind, "Surely the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not! How dreadful is this place ! This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.” When Jonah was in state of most desperate unisery, a great fish having swallowed him up, he betook himself to prayer, and the declaration which he makes of its efficacy is this, “When my soul fainted within me, I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came in unto thee, even to thy holy temple :” and our blessed Lord himself has summed up all by his testimony, “I know that thou hearest me always.” Every one will confess, that prayer, if real, need not be heard by those who are around us, and that even the desire of the heart will find its way to the mercy seat? But how? The eye of man, which can see worlds, whose position is millions of miles distant, cannot catch even a faint glimpse of the heaven which is beyond them. Who then will be bold enough to say, that his voice, however loud its tones, and clear its articulation, is capable of penctrating the regions of infinite space, and being heard in the temple of God? No man would say this. Are we not then entitled to argue, that since there is no place in the earth from which a prayer will not reach the throne of God, so there is no place in the earth where the Almighty is not ever present.
From these simple statements, I think it must be clear to every candid inquirer, that the omnipresence of God is a doctrine founded in truth, and supported by incontestible evidence: and surely such a conclusion as this, cannot fail to become a matter of infinite importance to all those who are living under the Divine scrutiny. Let us reflect for a moment on what it is that is proved. An Almighty Bcing, who possesses every attribute worthy of such a Being in an infinite degree, is always with us ; so that wherever we go, God is our companion -- whatever we do, God is our witness--whatever we say, lie overhears it. Surely there can be no doubt that a truth so immensely important as this, ought to have a great effect on every human being : and since the whole of mankind may be divided into two classes, the good and the bad, I will confine my reinarks to them.
And first, to the righteous this is a doctrine of infinite consolation. True it is, that enough of infirmity and weakness attaches to every human being, to make them tremble at the scrutiny of an all-seeing God. But laring taken shelter ander the wings of divine mercy
in Jesus Christ, there is to them now no condemnation. It is not perfection which God expects from his servants, for he knows they are compassed about with in. firmities : and he who is striving, by the assistance of the Spirit, to keep sin from reigning in his inortal body, need not fear the presence of his all-merciful Father. The Christian is of course desirous of forgiveness for all his sins. How then can he be sorrowful at the presence of Him, who not only can perceive the all, but who is also ready and willing to forgive thein. When the Psalmist was reflecting on the weakness of human nature, it called forth from him the impassioned exclamation, "Who can tell how oft he offendeth?" And then, instead of sinking down in a state of despondency, he looks to an ever-present God, who he was convinced knew him better than he knew himself, and says, “O cleanse thou me from my secret faults.”
But further, it cannot be denied that Christianity in one point of view is a solitary religion. The duties which it enjoins are of a nature so personal and private, that the heart of each individual inust know its own bitterness, nor can a stranger intermeddle with its joy. This is, I think, true even in the case of those who have had the superior advantage of religious parents and friends, for all the assistance which can be rendered to a rational being, is to direct him to the throne of grace, but the approaches to that throne, and the sup: plications offered there, must be performed alone. And iherefore, much of comfort must necessarily spring from the reflection, that all our supplications are heard ; that in our hard conflicts with natural depravity and acquired bad habits, we have a inerciful and everpresent Witness, who knows how to appreciate intentions, and is never backward in supplying all needful strength. And surely these considerations apply with double force to those whose lot is cast in the midst of persecution, who find no friends of sentiments congenial with their own - no acquaintance able and willing to accompany them in iheir journey to the heavenly city. What would the condition of such pilgrims be, did they not feel that they have a Friend beside tbein, whose watchfulness and carefulness is always equal, and whose distinguishing characteristic is gentleness of so great a degree, that u bruised reed will not be broken, nor smoking flax quenched by him. These remarks might be extended to almost any length, for the subject is inost copious. Let it however afford that cousolacion, which it is so well calculated to administer, to every one who is really striving to please God.
But if the righteous have cause to rejoice, the sinner has no less cause to tremble at these things. Where can words be found of force sufficient to express the awful fact, that all the misdoings of a long life of iniquity, have been read and known by the Judge of all the earth! Pause then, sinner, for a while, and hear the words of everlasting truth. Whatever your condition may be, God knows you. Every thought of your heart, every impure desire, every wicked imagination, are clearly seen by Hiin, and the day swiftly approaches, when He will execute judgment on all the inhabitants of the earth. Think not to escape his scrutiny; for go where you will he follows you, his eye is always on you; and never, never will you be able to elude his search. Dreadful are the accounts given us in holy writ, of what will be the doings of the sinner when the last trump shall echo through the regions of this earth, pronouncing the awful, the final proclamationGod is come! Then, though all the mountains of the material world were piled upon each other, and all the edifices of human structure added to increase the height of the mighty inass, yet they would afford you no security; and though hid underneath thein in solitary
and gloomy darkness, yet would each stain on your
Letters to a Mother, upon Education, character be as plain in the sight of God, as if written in letters of fire on the clear azure of the firmament.
LETTER XXI. Who then is bold enough to risk the dreadful consequences of incurring the displeasure of su terrible a On Intellectual Education during the first Seven Years, Being ? Especially when there is every reason to in.
and on learning to read. duce nen to gain his favonr, which is granted to all Dear Madam, who seek it through the Saviour's blood.
In one or two preceding Letters, I have In short, nothing can reconcile us to the presence of pointed out what I think ought to be the nature of God but holiness. When the love of Him is shed
education during the first seven years. abroad in our hearts, the consideration that He is near
Those observations are comprehended under the prois will be inost delightful : and thus we shall pass motion of the two things which seemed su desirable through this transitory life under the persuasion, that to the ancients ; namely, “a sound mind in a sound He who is now watching our steps in the midst of
body.” temptation, will, when we see him as he is, lead our
It appears to me that no book, nor even a letter, triuinphant songs in those blissful mansions, where all
ought to be seen by your child before his seventh birthsorrow shall cease, and all wants be satisfied.
day; but that froin the dawn of life to that period, B. Z. continued attention should be paid to the object of ex
panding and strengthening the intellectual faculties,
cultivating the moral affections, and in establishing and INFANT SCHOOLS IN AFRICA.
in securing vigour of body.
The intellectual culture alluded to, ought to be conThere is no community upon earth in which the ducted by exercising his attention, understanding, meInfant-school system is not of the highest importance ; mory, &c.; by questioning him as to the names of the but, in our attempts to raise savage and barbarous tribes, properties of external objects, in order that a habit may it is a discovery of inconceivable value. When properly be established of an accurate perception of the impresmanaged, it has in it a power which will raise up the sions made upon his senses. first generation brought up under its influence above In a former letter I adverted to the fact, that all the the third or fourth generation of those educated under ideas, even those which are the most abstract, which different systems. At the Infant-schools, the children your child will ever possess, are derived from mental of the barbarous tribes start with the advantages of operations upon the inpressions he receives through those of civilized men; and, instead of being retarded
If therefore you thoroughly teach him the in their progress by the ignorance and imbecility of a use of these in reference to the external world, if you people only rising above the savage state, they rise up teach hin the names of all the qualities of things to cultivate and humanize their parents, and become around hiin; above all, if you establish the habit of his the elements of a society that will soon be able to sup- perceiving them minutely and accurately; you will ply their own wants, advocate their own rights, and have furnished him, by the time he is seven years old, diéfuse the blessings of civilization among the tribes in with an ample stock of sensations, and knowledge of the interior of Africa; and I have reason to believe that their naines, upon which an abstract education may our labours may be attended with surprising success. afterwards be most beneficially conducted. So:ne of the great difficulties of introducing education Yet I can readily anticipate that some parents might among barbarous nations are, the indifference of the olject, that this advice is a great deviation from the parents to instruction, and the aversion of the children general custom; and further, that it is impossible, to its restraints. By the Infant-school system these under the usual circumstances of society, to defer the difficulties are completely removed. There is some- kuowledge of letters so long. In the firet place, the thing in it so novel, so striking, and so amusing to a general custom of society may be in certain instances barbarous people, and so interesting to their children, ineligible. The recommendation of any rule, is not that, generally speaking, in establishing such schools its prior establishment, but its own inherent utility. among thein, we should find no difficulty in securing In the next place, supposing, which I have done the approbation of the one, and the attendance of the throughout, that you are the one only preceptress of other. On my late journey over Caffreland, I had your child during the first few years of his life, you several opportunities of having my inind confirmed in can certainly determine what objects shall or shall not this opinion. Resting one day, while our oxen were he presented to your child. But even were compliance feeding, I remarked a number of children around our with this advice so difficult, it would still be the duty waggon, humming a tunc, to which they were beating of the adviser to propose the best regulations, and time. Their appearance instantly suggested to me the which ought to be adopted as nearly as possible. In a idea of an Infant-school. I communicated my idea to former Letter I gave the high authority of the master Mr. Read, who had acquired some knowledge of the of ancient philosophy, the tutor of Alexander the system. We instantly arranged them, to the number
Great, for my advice; but that which will perhaps of perhaps fifty, to make the experiment. In the midst equally recommend it, is another fact, that several of 'Caffreland, among some of the most beautiful persons, and some of thein instructresses of youth, scenery in the world, I observed the readiness and en- have frequently told ine, that they have found, that thusiasm with which the children entered into the spirit when learning to read was wholly delayed till six or of the system, and heard them pronounce the English seven years of age, the child not only learnt more words which they had never before heard, with all the quickly, but even read much better than those children propriety that might have been expected in an English who began earlier. school, and saw the eagerness with which the parents The other object of attention, namely, the cultivation partook of the delight of their children. I could of the moral instincts, and of health, will, I have no scarcely believe my own eyes and cars; and could not doubt, be accomplished more readily and more perhelp reflecting, what a mighty influence these schools fectly in union with this advice relative to the intellect; might have in raising that interesting people, had we whereas, with the usual union of all three, I believe only the necessary agents and apparatus.
one or other of themi must suffer; and perhaps to this Rev. Dr. Philip.
fact may be owing much of the imperfection of meutal
or moral or intellectual character observable in society. 0, as usual, only short. Intellectual attainments can most readily be grafted P, as if written up, only suppressing the u as much upon a previous solid and ample foundation formed of
as possible. the preceding materials.
Q, as if written uk, only suppressing u as much as As soon after the seventh birth-day as may be con
possible. venient, let your child, whoin 1 delight to picture to
R, a mere rumble with the end of the tongue. myself as healthy, well acquainted with the names and S, a mere hiss. qualities of external objects, be taught to read in the T, as if written ut, suppressing the u, so as to give following manner.
only, if I may so speak, the t sound. So arrange your avocations as that you may have a U, nearly as usual, only very short. whole day to yourselves. Select for the purpose an
V, as if written uv, and pronounced as one word, alphabet, consisting of Roman letters of a moderate
suppressing the u as inuch as possible. size, not on counters, for these, being liable to a W, as if written oo. change of position, may confuse him; but in a regular X, as if written ecs, only suppressing the sound of book, such as he will bereafter be used to. Teach him
the e as much as possible. first the capital letters, and you will find that he will Y, as if written ie, as one word, and as shortly as learn them all in one lesson of about six hours. The
possible. next day teach him the little letters in the same inode. 2, simply as a hiss, in which the d is equally proIn a low, calm tone of voice, name slowly each let
minent with the s. ter: pause at every one : let him mark its form : point Now then imagine your child having been taught in to it with a pencil or quill. The slower and the this mode to spell the word horn. Thus, a mere aspiinore deliberately you teach him, the quicker he will
rate or breathing, o, a mere rumble, and the en, avoidlearn. The more times you go over the alphabet, the
ing the vowel as much as possible. He will then not sooner you will tire him, blunt his perceptions, disgust him, and retard the acquisition.
have to get rid in his memory of the useless lumber
appended to the breathing as aitch, and to the letters r But now I cannot avoid recommending to you a sys- and n, but will join
the sounds together, and then protem of teaching the alphabet, which has recently become
nounce the word. The labour, the difficulty, will be adopted in some few instances, which differs somewhat
less and shorter. This system has been tried with much from the one usually adopted.
It will be evident upon inspection, that the The cause of the alteration is this : that each of the letters of the alphabet, as they are usually pronounced, consonants in the alphabet, and even in some degree derive that pronunciation from the spelling of them, the vowels also, are different as they are separately which learned men have agreed to assign to each of pronounced from the use which is made of them when them as representing the power of the leiters. conjoined with the vowels into a word. Suppose we This spelling has proceeded upon the supposition, take the word horn. Imagine what must be the diffi- that you cannot sound a consonant without a vowel, culty upon the mind of your child, when he subse
which is true, but certainly you may so shorten the quently joins the letters together into the word, to find vowel as to give almost the mere sound of the consohimself taught to say, haitch, o, arr, en. The diffi
nant, and the sound is all that is wanted. Sounds culty is this, that instead of having to pronounce them joined together make words; but the old system of more quickly, in order to form the word, in the follow
words joined together making, words, increases the ing manner, aitchoarren, he has further to learn to use
labour of learning to read, with no imaginable adonly the initial sound of each of these letters, rejecting vantage. — I am, dear Madam, yours, &c. the intermediate letters, and to conjoin these into the
CLERICUS. word. Thus, the aspirate which is the initial sound of the haitch is all that is wanted, the o is simple, the rough sound is all he wants with the arr, and the partly
THE SCORNER SILENCED. dental and partly nasal sound of the en. Hence the Some time ago, a minister of the gospel went to preach desideratum is, so to teach the alphabet as to teach sim- at a place called Harmony, in the western settlements ply the sounds. I will venture to give a specimen of the of the United States; when a physician, a professed alphabet, which should thus be taught. Let the
infidel, called on his associates to accompany him while A, be pronounced nearly as usual, only shorter, as he attacked the Methodists. They went; and he comin bad.
menced the sport by asking the mivister, “Do you fol. B, not as if spelt bee, but let the sound of the B low preaching to save souls?" · Yes," was the reply.
only be taught, which will somewhat resemble He then pursued his interrogatories. "Did you ever the w ubb, suppressing the u as much as see a soul?” “No.” “Did you ever hear a soul?" possible.
“No." “Did you ever taste a soul?” “No.” “Did C, as a mere hiss.
you ever smell a soul?"
“ Did you ever feel D, as if written udd, suppressing the u as much as a soul ?” “Yes, thank God,” replied the minister. possible.
“Well," rejoined the physician, in a tone of triumph, E, short as possible.
there are four of the five senses against one, that there F, the mere effing sound which we make when about is no soul.” The minister immediately retorted, by to pronounce the word flute.
asking his antagonist, “ Are you a doctor of medicine? G, as if written ug (g soft), suppressing the u as “Yes,” answered the infidel. “Then you profess to much as possible.
ease pain. Did you ever see a pain?” « No.” “Did H, as a inere rough breathing.
you ever hear a pain?”
“ Did you ever taste I, as usual, only short as possible.
“ No.” “ Did you ever smell a pain?” K, as if written ukk, suppressing the sound of the u
"No." “ Did you ever feel a pain ?” Yes.” as much as possible.
" Then,” said the minister, “there are also four senses L, as if written ull, suppressing the sound as much against one to prove that there is no pain : and yet, Sir, as possible.
you know that there is pain, and I know that there is a M, as if written em, only suppress the e as much as soul.” The doctor appeared confounded, and walked possible.
off. -" Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be N, so as to this letter.
wise in his own conceit."
took it in 1098, but it was taken and deinolished by the
Saracens in 1268; and nothing now remains of this (Continued from p. 70.)
once celebrated and superb city (which will be ever ALEXANDRIA, a celebrated city in Egypt, built by
memorable for being the place where the disciples of Alexander the Great. It was once the most flourishing
Jesus were first called Christians, as well as for being
the birth-place of the Evangelist St. Luke), but a heap city in the whole world. The bappy situation of it
of ruins and desolation. Its situation was (according between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, and upon
to Dr. Wells) on both sides of the river Orontes, about the river Nile, drew hither the commerce of the East
twelve miles distant from the Mediterranean Sea. and West, and it soon became the capital of Egypt,
There is likewise ancient Antioch, mentioned in and the regal seat of the Ptolernies, whilst Egypt
Acts xiii, 14, situated in Pisidia, a small province or maintained the state of a kingdom. It was adorned with many stately buildings, of which the most memo
country lying north of Pamphylia. rable was the temple of Serapis; and for sumptuous
ANTIPATRIS (for the father), a town of Palestine, workmanship and magnificence of the fabric, inferior
anciently called "Caphar-Saba, but named Antipatris by to none but the Roman capitol. Here was also a noble
Herod the Great, in honour of his father Antipater. library, erected by Ptolemy Philadelphus, who had
It was situated in a pleasant valley, near the mountains, stored it with near 700,000 volumes. These were un
in the way from Jerusalem to Cæsarea. Josephus fortunately consumed in the wars of Julius Cæsar and
places it about the distance of seventeen miles from Pompey. There are many remains even now of its
Joppa. Acts xxiii, 22-35. ancient grandeur. Dr. Shaw observes, that “considering the great devastations which have attended the Saracen conquests in other parts, it is somewhat
ABOLITION OF NEGRO WEST INDIA SLAVERY. extraordinary, that the greatest part of its ancient RIGHTEOUSNESS, Reason, and Religion are prevailing, walls, together with their respective turrets, have con- and the cause of the oppressed Negro has been adopted tinued entire down to this time. In the same condition, seriously and determinately by his Majesty's governlikewise, are the cisterns, which the overflowing of the ment. The following is taken from the Pntrivi NewsNile annually supplied with water. These were of a puper --" The intended plan of Ministers is ruinoured great depth, having their walls round, supported by to be, J. The imaediate abolition of slavery in the several stages of arches, upon which, likewise, the colonies. 2. The compensation to the slave-owner, at greatest part of the city itself was erected. The a fixed rate per head, for every slave. 3. The raising grandeur and sumptuousness of the ancient Alexandria, of a loan for such compensation, to be paid off in thirty may be further estimated from two rows of beautiful years. 4. The inanunnitted slave to be compelled by the granite pillars (several whereof were standing in 1721), magistrates to work five days out of the seven, except which may be supposed to have constituted the street when in crop, when they would work for six days. that is described by Strabo, and reaching from the 5. Two days' amount of wages to be deducted, and paid Areopolitic part of the city to the gates of Canopus.” iuto the compensation fund, it being considered the Alexandria is called at present Scanderia, and is a remaining thrçe or four days, as the case may be, as place of some trade, and has two ports; the new one, to in crop or not, would be sufficient for the support of where the vessels of Europe resort to; and the old oue, the slave." where those from Turkey are admitted.
We cannot doubt but perfect liberty will be secured ANTIOCH (the speed of a chariot), the capital of
to the slave to attend the ministry of the Missionaries, Syria, built by Seleucus Nicanor, and called Antioch
and that those self-denying servants of Jesus Christ will in honour of his father Antiochus. The city of Antioch
enjoy full protection and security in the prosecution of was in form almost square ; it had a great number of
their glorions work of evangelizing the Negroes. gates, and part of it upon the north side was raised upon a high mountain. It was adorned with galleries and fine fountains, and was celebrated throughout the world
ENMITY TO THE GOSPEL IN THE WEST for the elegance of its buildings, the learning and
INDIA PLANTERS. politeness of its inhabitants, the fertility of its soil, One of the Wesleyan Missionaries, writes under the and the richness of its trade. The Emperor Vespasian, date of Dec. 15 last, “ More effectually to neutralize Titus, and others, granted very great privileges to it. the good effects of Missionary teaching among the It was ordinarily the residence of the Prefect or Negroes, the most strenuous efforts are made by the Governor of the eastern provinces, and casually honoured planters and others, to revive the heathenish sports with the residence of several of the Roman Emperors, and amusements formerly so prevalent among them, especially of Verus and Valens, who spent here the now happily almost obsolete, and great preparations are greater part of their time; and in such reputation has making in inany of the parishes to restore them in all this city been had in the earlier times of Christianity, their force at the approaching Christmas." that its bishop has been honoured with the title of The Missionaries at present mourn, while their Patriarch. But, like all human things, it has since enemies rejoice over their impious successes. Lately the undergone various revolutions, having been almost inember of the parish of St. Ann rose in the House of totally demolished by two successive earthquakes, one Assembly and said, “He was happy to inform the whereof happened in the fourth, the other in the fifth House, that a great improvement had taken place in century. In 548 it was taken and burnt by the Persians, the morals and manners of the Negroes in the parish and all the inhabitants massacred. Four years after this, he had the honour to represent, since the sectarians had Justinian rebuilt it in a more beautiful and regular been expelled therefrom. Before, they were always manner than it was before.' The Persians however
melancholy, and nothing but singing, and prayer, and took it a second time, in 574, and destroyed its walls. religion, would do for them ; but now, he was happy to In 588 it suffered again by an earthquake, whereby say, they were returning to their old plays, dances, and upwards of 60,000 persons perished. It was once more other ainusements, and were picking up all their old rebuilt, but taken by the Saracens in 637. Nicephorus songs.” Irreligious men know not the things of God, Phocas retook it in 966, but afterwards it was taken by and therefore laugh at that which is the chief dignity the Saracens, The Christians at last in the Crusade of man.