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Lotters to a Mother, upon Education. to the perpetual selection of our conduct, the self-denial LETTER XX.
requisite in order to pursue the best measures, amid the
solicitations of weariness, ultimately in many instances On Self-Educution.
cause them to discontinue the effort. Then they abandon Dear Madam,--Having offered you some observations their procedure to the direction of their native propenon the principal topics comprised under the moral branch sities, or sink down into adoption of the common pracof education, I shall presuine, before proceeding to the tice, and not unfrequently derive a miserable anodyne consideration of the intellectual, to submit some remarks from the reflection, that, after all, the best systems of upon the topic prefixed to this Letter. You will, I education often fail to secure the desired results; that doubt not, acknowledge its importance. You know the character of a child depends more upon natural tenthat your lessons and precepts will be worse than dencies, upon destiny, or upun certain uncontrollable useless, if not sanctioned and illustrated by your own causes, than is generally imagined ; and
themconduct. You are also aware, that in order to add the selves by the remembrance of cases in which the best benefit of example to the rules which you inculcate, you systems were pursued to no purpose, or of other in. need to approve things which are excellent from prin- stances in which no system at all was pursued, and yet ciple, decidedly and cordially, and to exhibit the influ- the child “ turned vut” a pattern of excellence, and a ence of such sentiments consistently. I doubt nut you prodigy of acquirements. "Miserable palliatives of huwill allow with me, that one transport of passion, one man indolence, are these and all similar reflections ! proud expression, one defect in your own punctuality, Yet where is the parent who is not in danger of ultiwill materially retard the process of education, and tend mately adopting them, with whatever motives and views considerably to relax the force of those principles, which she may commence the education of her offspring. How you have endeavoured to implant in the mind of your many have been hindered who once ran well, and have child. You will also allow, that should such deviations perhaps looked back with a smile of scorn, or of pity, from the conduct which you recommend occur fre- upon those utopian notions, as in their inental degradaquently, your child may listen to your lessons on good tion they may deem them, which they once entertained; conduct, as a duty, as an employment, as an amusement, and then they make certain sage reflections upon the but that the practical influence of your recommendations folly of attempting to be wiser than our forefathers, upon is past all hope. Oh! 'never may you endure the hope- the vast probability that their maxims are the result of less auguish and the confusion to which that parent must the trial of all systems, and that the attempt to improve is be doomed, who is conscious that her child is remein- equally culpable as an act of delusion or of presuinption. bering the contrast between her instructions and her
“ So hearts that once beat high for praise, own conduct! You will however agree with me, that
Now feel that pulse no more.' through the surprise of sudden temptation, the devices How shall such a frequent yet lamentable termination and assaults of the enemy of our souls, or constitutional of the maternal career be avoided? To me the only means temperament, some event in your own behaviour may appear that the mother herself should have been in her very speedily occur, which inay reduce you to this la- time a properly educated child, and subsequently an earmentable dilemma: and conscious of the weakness of nest suppliunt before the footstool of God, that He by our nature, and dreading the possibility of such conse- his Spirit would grant to her perpetually those disposiquences, you will, I doubt not, accept the observations tions which may enable her to approve and steadily to which I may offer with a view to prevent such a calamity. pursue the dictates of an enlightened understanding, and
The first thing which a parent ought to guard against, The suggestions of a sanctified prudence. To this you is the inculcation of principles and practice, which she will feel perpetually urged by your sense of the difficulty has not first fully considered, and which she does not and responsibility of the charge of educating a child. entirely approve. "It is very possible to adopt sentiments I have often thought, that the responsibility of certain in religion and morals, and even to give them a super- offices, night well induce the considerate almost to wish ficial approbation; but if these sentiments have not they had never sustained them. Of this kind are the first habitually and thoroughly influenced ourselves, we monarch, the general of an army, the minister of the shall soon act inconsistently with our avowed principles. gospel, and the parent. But the heaviest weight of reIt is possible to act for a short time from imitation of sponsibility devolves upon the last-named office. The others, or from the impulse of newly-acquired ideas ; responsibility of the monarch is comparatively supportbut soon or late, all human beings act according to their able, because it is diffused upon the different orders of real character. Nothing is more dangerous, and fruit- which the constitution is composed : that of the military less, than to attempt to act upon views and sentiments commander, because he acts frequently as the agent of which are not in this highest sense our own.
counsels in which he had no part: that of the minister The advice of Bishop Burnet to the penitent courtier of religion, because the generality of his hearers see him is inestimable. “I warned him," says the prelate, “not only, and see him in his best circumstances, nainely, to undertake a holy and religious life, unless fully and while occupied in his public engagements : but the pa. heartily able to approve and desire it; for otherwise he rent is the immediate, and sole origin of the character would feel the restraint so intolerable, as speedily to of the child. The influence of the parent is perpetual, return to his foriner courses.” The same may be said from inorning till night, from the dawn of life till the
every mother who reads treatises of education. The character is coinplete : it has a greater effect upon his formation of principles is slow and progressive. She present and future happiness, than any other cause whatwho ouly begins to acquire right habits and principles, ever. How awful then to think, that when the parent is relative to education, after she has become a mother, laid low in the grave, the child must either be walking has begun too late; a truth which reflects supreme im- in the way of happiness, or toiling in the path of misery, portance upon the early education of every female, in as the effect of the parent's influence ! and still more every station of society.
awful to reflect, that the future everlasting condition of 2. The next evil to be guarded against, is the prevail. your offspring greatly depends upon yourself! I will ing inconsistency of human nature, which consists in not pursue this agonizing topic further than to request understanding what is right, but in possessing neither that you will in every instance act towards your child with the courage nor resolution to practise it. The source of a view to your own reflections in after-life, and your emothis inconsistency is our native indolence. The gene. tions in the last interview with him at the final inquest rality of parents know what is right, to a far greater ex- before the Judge of quick and dead.- I am, dear tent than they practise, But the inental effort requisite Madain, &c.
ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES.
system can we account for their existence! Larger animals seem in some degree to be dependent on mal,
and to look to him for daily support and sustenance; No. III. – THE OMNIPRESENCE OF GOD.
but these minute beings are placed beyond the reach of
man, and thrown altogether on the protection and ONE cause of the increase of crime, and all that care- assistance of an Omnipresent Being; and therefore I lessness which men in the present day mauifest about conclude that their existence and happiness prove that the rectitude of their conduct in the sight of God, arises the Almighty is ever present. either from ignorance, or a misapprehension of that 3. And pursuing the same train of argument, I would attribute of the Deity, which is to form the subject of seriously inquire, what it is that supports life in the the present article. My view of it is simply this: that human species ? That they themselves have nothing to God, in all the perfections of his nature, is always, do in its preservation, may be inferred from their igno. night and day, present in every corner of the universe; rance and carelessness. By far the largest portion of so that wherever any thing is, God is there also; and mankind know nothing at all about the structure of consequently, that he is always beside us, reading our their bodies, and the many and various mechanical colithoughts and serutinizing our actions. Now I cannot trivances which contribute to their health and safety. but think, if this definition be true, that there must be It has been said, that if it were possible for a man to a great mistake somewhere. Is it credible, that crea- see the internal motions of the variolis muscles and tures formed of dust, and depending every moment of nerves and joints which are produced by the action of their existence on the mercy of their Creator, would walking, he would be struck with so great fear and dare to tempt that mercy, to insult that Creator, and astonishment, that he would not dare to advance another disobey all his cominandments in his very presence ? step. Surely such a fact as this is of itself enough to Can we, consistently with the principle of self-preserv- prove that inan is not the supporter of his own life, ation which is lodged in every breast, conceive it to be and consequently that he owes his preservation to God. possible, that men, otherwise careful and prudent, And since the whole creation teems with life, and every would knowingly do every thing likely to bring them to portion of the universe bears the impres of Dirine proeternal roisery, if they knew and believed that He, who tection, let us not be deterred from confessing, with has the power to cast them soul and body into hell, was the apostle, that “ in Him we live and move and have looking at them, and watching their every movement? our being." And since the withdrawal of his protection I must confess I do not think it possible. Yet let it be for one moment would make the whole population of borne in mind, that whether men believe or disbelieve this earth lifeless corpses, and shroud the universe in a this doctrine, it is indeed the truth: and if there be one pall of gloomy darkness, let us confess that our great of us who is living a life, which he would be afraid to Preserver is ever present, of which even the breath with live were God before him in all the splendours of his which we make the confession is a proof. infinite majesty, let him carefully peruse these pages, 4. But I would further insist, that all the instances wherein I hope to prove that in very truth this is the which I have quoted in illustrating those attributes of case.
the Deity which have already passed under consideraThe subject thus opened for discussion requires that tion, are of themselves sufficient proof of the omniI should, first, prove the omnipresence of God; and I presence of God. How could Noah have been seen think it will be well if I then proceed to state the effects among so many thousands of rebels, had not the Alwhich the doctrine thus proved ought to have upon the mighty observed with unceasing watchfulness the doings bad and good.
uf his people? What secured righteous Lot, and with1. I appeal to the Bible, that great standard of truth, held the torrent of the Divine indignation from bursting which to this day is accepted as the word of God; forth till he was in safety, but the decree of that won. though some wise men after the flesh have vainly at- drous Being who was watching his footsteps? How tempted to prove that it is not so. Let us look, ihen, could the Israelites have received the wanted succour at Psalm cxxxix, 7–12: “If I climb up into heaven, just when all hope seemed withered and gone, had not thou art there,” &c. It is clear that the object which their Protector, the keeper of Israel, been unremitting David had in view, when writing this Psalm, was to in his care of them? In truth, to confess that God is establish the truth of the omnipresence of God. He the moral governor of the universe, is to confess that therefore supposes the possibility of his ascending into he is omnipresent; for how else could he administer the regions of infinite space, and soaring far above the justice and judgment among all the sons of men, whose limits of human perception; and yet he asserts that he dwelling-places are so pumerous, and whose sojournings should not have passed the houndaries of the Almighty's are over the wide expanse of earth and its remotest kingdom ; or of descending into the lowest of all depths, regions? We find men willing to confess, that when a or of extending his search on every side to the utmost heinous crime, such as that of blood-guiltiness, is perverge of possibility; and still his conclusion is, that the
petrated, God is a witness of it. Now let me ask, if arm of the LORD would be there to guide him, and this does not prove that he is always present? The still that he should there oud manifestations of the presence hour of midnight, or the loneliness of the forest, or and power of God. I might quote many more passages; the tracklessness of the desert, is no security for the but every attentive reader must have observed, that murderer from the eye of God. How then is it possible this truth is inseparably interwoven with the whole of that such a Being can be less able to perceive us wben the Bible.
we are in the same situations, though in the perform. 2. The interesting facts, which those who make the ance of different actions? God does not coine from insect world their study are perpetually bringing before heaven for the purpose of seeing crimes cominitted; but us, prove beyond the possibility of doubt, that no place as he is always in every corner of the universe, it fol. is too small for the Almighty to manifest his power lows of necessity that he must see them: and since we therein. Microscopes have shown us, that a drop of confess that every one will bereafter be judged accordwater contains thousands of inhabitants, all perfect in ing to his deeds, it would be absurd to deny that He their structure, capable of motion, and doubtless of who is to be the Judge is a spectator of all actions, for enjoying the life which God has given them. To pro- how else could he be acquainted with them? duce such amazing specimens of ingenuity, must not their Author be everywhere? and to preserve them
B. Z. alive, must he not be always present ? Ou what other
(To be continued.)
plunged in error, idolatry, and confusion : and now the MY SCRAP BOOK.
Lord, in the fulness of time, is providing, hy the gift of
tongues at Sion, to repair the knowledge of himself LEAF V.
among those nations that had lost that jewel by the
confusion of tongues at Babel. "The Ree that wanders, and sips from every flower, Jisposes
The manner of exhibiting this gift was in tongues of what she has gathered into her cells.” -SENECA.
fire, that the giving of the Holy Ghost at the initiating
of the Christian church, might answer and parallel the SECOND ORIGINAL LETTER OF THE Rev. ROBERT HALL
giving of the Law at the initiating of the Jewish ; and TO THE Rev. WILLIAM BUTTON.
so it did, both in time and manner; that being given at My dear Brother, Leicester, 9th Feb. 1814. Pentecost, and in appearing of fire; and so likewise I vught sooner to have replied to your last
this, as was said before. - Lightfooi, vol. i, p. 751. Letter, but a variety of engagements, as you rightly
Jewish hypocritical Prayers reproved by our Suvivur, conjecture, together with the difficulty of inaking up my mind, prevented me.
** I am truly con
Matt vi, 5, “Because they love to stand praying in the
synagogues and corners of the streets.” -- This Sermon cerned to hear of Mrs. Button's affliction. I hope it will not be unto death, but to the glorifying of God. Her
upon the Mount, is much in reproof of the Jews' Tal
mudical traditions, by which they made the word of loss (which it is my earnest prayer the Lord may pre
God of none effect. This verse reproveth one of their vent) would be most severely felt by you and the whole family.
tenets, for their highway oraisons; for which they have
this tradition in their Tálmud. Rabbi Josi saith, This, my dear brother, is a state of trial, and it is
a time I was walking by the way, and I went into one appointed for us through much tribulation to pass into
of the deserts of Jerusalem to pray: then càine Eliah, the kingdom. O that our afflictions may be sanctified,
of blessed meinory, and watched me at the gate, and and prepare us effectually for that world where the in
stayed for me till I had ended my prayer. He saith habitants shall no more say, “I am sick." Our house is a house of invurning : last Saturday, my
unto me, Peace be unto thee, Rabbi. I said unto him,
Peace be upon thee, Rabbi and Master. Then said he dear boy, aged one year and four nionths, died, after an
unto me, My son, why wentest thou into this desert ? illness of a few hours; at least we had not the least
I said unto him, To pray. He said to me, Thou mightest appreheosion of danger, till a very few hours before he
have prayed in the way. Then said I, I was afraid, lest expired. It took place in the stillness of the night : it
passengers should interrupt me.
He said unto me, was a most solemn night : it rerninds me of that night,
Thou shouldest have said a short prayer. At that tiine "much to be remembered,” in which the first-born of
I learned of him three things : I learned that we should Egypt were slain. Mrs. Hall is almost inconsolable;
not go into the desert; and I learned that we should and the wound is most deeply felt by each of us. He
pray by the way; and learned that he that prayed by was a most lovely and engaging child. My poor wife
the way inust pray a short prayer.” is in other respects indisposed, and I have often painful
Thus far their Talmud inaketb them these letteryforeboding that her continuance on earth will be but short. Let me beg an interest in your prayers that
patent for hypocrisy ; fathering this bastard upon
blessed Elias, who was not a highway prayer, or one these complicated trials may be sanctified to all the
that practised his own devotions in public ; for he was parties concerned. I have heard nothing from Mr. ** * respecting
John Baptist's type for retiredness. - Ibid. p. 1024. the Sermons. I conjecture he has dropped the idea, Did Religion bestow heaven without any terms or which gives me no manner of concern.
Indeed I am conditions indifferently upon all; if the crown of life not in a state of inind at present to take inuch interest was hereditary, and free to good and bad, and not in any sublunary concerns. I thank you for Mr. King- settled by covenant upon the elect of God only, such horn's pamphlet, which I shall read with attention: but as “ live soberly and righteously and godly in this preshall not promise to review in the ***. I think very sent world;" I believe there would be no such thing as meanly of that publication, nor do I suppose a review an Infidel among us. - - Bentley on Athoirm, p. 15. of any
book in that, can be of any benefit to an author. Be this as it may, there are plenty of persons ready to
“ Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be review among the regular correspondents, of which I comforted.” Matt. v, 4. They are the words of Him am not one; and have besides an extreme aversion to
who was himself a man of sorrows, and acquainted reviewing.
with grief; and who was also acquainted with happiness I was extremely concerned to hear of the death of too; with the joys of religion, with the refreshments of my dear and honoured friend, Mr. Palmer*. May the angels, with the antepasts of glory, and with the peace good-will of Himn that dwelt in the bush rest upon you
of God which now passes all understanding, and shall and yours. I desire to be most affectionately remem- hereafter satisfy all desire. He had tasted of both cups, bered to Mrs. B. and your whole family, and remain, the cup of trenibling, and the cup of salvation. He had Your affectionate Brother,
tried both the miseries of human nature and the glories
of the Divine; and so, well knew what proportion the R. HALL.
consolations of God have to the infelicities of man; • The Rev. Samuel Palmer, of Hackney.
and how little the sufferings of this present time are, in comparison of the glory that shall be revealed to
them that with meekness bear them, and with fruitful. Of the Gift of Tongues.- The confusion of tongues
ness improve under them. — Norris's Serm., vol. i, was the casting off of the Heathen. Gen. xi. For when they hart lost that language in which alone God was spoken of and preached, they lost the knowledge of 'Tis the most usurping and daring piece of impuGod and religion utterly, and fell to worship the crea- dence in the world for an ill man to laugh or be merry. ture instead of the Creator. Rom. i.
What has he to do with mirth, who has the wrath of Two thousand two hundred and three years had now Gud abiding on him, and hell open to receive hin? passed, since that sad and fatal curse upon the world, Ibid. p. 30 the confusion of languages; and millions of souls had it
S. J. B*****
FRIENDSHIP, LOVE, AND TRUTH. When Friendship, Love, and Truth abound
Among a band of brothers, The cup of joy goes gaily round,
Each shares the bliss of others.
Along this vale of sorrow;
Shall bloom again to-inorrow.
Life's cruel cares beguiling;
In gay good-humour smiling;
His reverend front adorning,
Night soften'd into morning.
Ambrosial rills of pleasure:
A more resplendent treasure?
We'll form a constellation,
EVANGELICAL SYNOPSIS. The Holy Bible, with Notes Explanatory and Prac.
tical : for the use of Families. Intended to assist the Understanding in the perusal of the Sacred Volume, and to furnish a body of Evangelical Truth founded on its contents. Selected from the Writings of esteemed Biblical Critics of various Denominations, and interspersed with original remarks. By Ingram Cobbin, A. M. London. In Weekly Numbers, and Monthly Parts.
Commentaries upon the Holy Scriptures have recently been greatly multiplied. In this we cannot but sincerely rejoice: it exhibits one striking and delightful "sign of the times," that “the knowledge of the LORD” increases, as it is destined to “fill the earth as the waters cover the sea.” Many of the Commentaries recently published, on the whole and on parts of the Bible, possess that merit which entitles thein to the confidence of the Christian public. That which is being published by the Religious Tract Society will be an incalculable blessing to the British Empire and to the world: but we think in many respects this of Mr. Cobbin's is preferable for families and the poor. We give it our cordial recommendation, on account of the soundness of its doctrinal exposition the intelligence which is communicated by its notes — and the piety which breathes in its reflections. We purpose again referring to this valuable work, and in the mean time entreat the Editor to take special care to secure accuracy in the printing.
FAITH IN A STORM AT SEA. “ God is our hope and strength, a very present help in trouble.”
Psalm xlvi, 1.
By the fury of the storin;
And Death threaten'd in hideous form.
And of fear none utter'd a word;
They pray'd to the living Lord.
And the waters had ceas'd their strife.
GREEK PRESCRIPTION FOR THE SOUL, Taken from the description of Mount Athos, and trans
lated from the Greek into English. A certain brother went to a physician, and asked him, whether he knew of any medicine by which sin could be cured? The physician answered, “Yes, brother: know and hear, that one of miraculous power inay be found. Go, and take the root of spiritual poverty, and the flowers of humility, the leaves of patience and the branches of prayer; inix them together, and pound them in the mortar of obedience. Add to them a spoonful of holy thoughts: afterwards put them in the sauce. pan of conscience, and water them with the drops of Howing tears. Then kindle under it the fire of divine love; and when it has boiled sufficiently, pour it out into the dish of discretion, and mix it up with thankegiving. Then sup it up with the spoon of compunction, and wipe thy mouth with the towel of confession. Thus shalt thou wipe away and evacuate the multitude of thy sins." — Paleogr. Græc. p. 507.
How different this prescription from those given by the inspired servants of Christ! Here is not one word of the blood of atonement, which alone cleanseth from all sin.
INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY ON NEGROES. The Rev. Mr. Düring, in a letter from Sierra Leone to the Committee of the Church Missionary Society, says, “ Most of those with whon I live, I have seen brought from the holds of slave ships. I have seen them rise, from the chains of the slave dealer, to become industrious men and women, faithful subjects, pious Christians, affectionate husbands and wives, tender fathers and inothers, and peaceable neighbours. Considering these things, I have always thought myself among the happiest of men, in serving in this way our Lord Jesus Christ, whose blood cleanses even the soul of an Ethiopian from all sin; and in being connected with our Society, which is evidently instrumental, in the Lord's band, of much good to distant nations, especially to the afflicted sons of Africa." - Church Missionary Report.
THIRST QUENCHED AT A HIGH PRICE. LYSIMACHUS, for extreme thirst, offered his kingdom to the Getæ, to quench it. His exclamation, when he had drank, is wonderfully striking : “Ah! wreached me; who, for such a momeutary gratification, hare lost so great a kingdom !” How applicable this to the case of him, who, for the momentary pleasures of sin, parts with the kingdom of heaven ! - Bp. Horne. London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppiu's Court:
Fleet Street; to whom all Coinmunications for the Editor (post paid) should be adưressed ; -and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the
United Kingdom. Hawkers and l'ealers Supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STRILL,
Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAIBLER, 124, Usford Street ; and W.N, BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.
NINEVEH. Nineveh, the ancient capital of Assyria, has been made fainous in the records of history, both sacred and profane. Every believer in the promises of the Gospel, will feel profound awe and pious satisfaction, while contemplating "the goodness and severity of God,” in his dispensations towards that vast, populous, and guilty city.
We present our readers with a representation of the "Temple of the Sun,” once so celebrated for its splendour and magnificence in idolatrous Nineveh.
Nineveh was founded by Ashur, the son of Shem, and grandson of Noah, Gen. x, 11. Precisely to fix the date of its foundation is impossible: but it could not be long after, if not before, the building of Babel. It was situated upon the eastern bank of the river Tigris, opposite the present Mosul, about 280 iniles N. from Babylon, and 400 N. E. from Damascus, in latitude 36° 20' N. longitude 43° 10' E. In the time of the prophet Jonah, whose divine mission thither is believed to have been in the reign of Jeroboam II (2 Kings xiv, 23) king of Israel, and of Pul, father of Sardanapalus, king of Assyria, Nineveh was a very great city, of three days journey in circuit (Jonah iii,3). Strabo says, that Nineveh was much larger than Babylon, whose circuit he estimated at 385 furlongs, about 48 miles. Diodorus Siculus states, that Nineveh was an oblong parallelo
grain, extending 150 furlongs in length, 90 in breadth, and 60 miles in compass; and that it was surrounded with a prodigious wall 100 feet high, and so very broad that three chariots abreast might drive on it. It was defended with 1500 towers, 200 feet in height.
At the time of Jonah's inission, Nineveh was so populous, that it was reputed to contain more than 120,000 persons who could not distinguish their right hand froin their left (Jonah iv, 11), which is generally explained of young children; and as they are reckoned one-fifth of the inhabitants, it is computed that the population of that city amounted then to 600,000 people.
A succession of warlike princes had established the greatness of Nineveh on the ruins of the neighbouring states; and the greater part of Asia had submitted to the Assyrian power. By this growing prosperity, the rulers and the people became dreadfully corrupted : rapacity, cruelty, murder, and oppression, inarked the progress of their conquests. Shalmanezer and his armies exterminated the kingdom of Israel (B. C. 721 years ; 2 Kings xvii), and Sennacherib determined the same concerning Judah, under Hezekiah (2 Kings xviii, xix); but under the walls of Jerusalein, the angel of the LORD blasted in death, during one night, the Assyrian besieging army of 185,000 men, B. C. 710 years.
Nineveh was spared for a season, on account of the humiliation of the king and the people after the