Page images

the learning of his age; and his conversations with York. Even that great diocese was afterwards restored.. Henry, on the doctrines of their great master Aquinas, He arrived at Cawood Castle in September 1530, where are represented as one of his means of pleasing a he employed himself in magnificent preparations for monarch so various in his capricious tastes. He was his installation on the archiepiscopal throne: but at considered as learned; his manners had acquired the that moment his final ruin seems resolved on, and the polish of the society to which he was raised; his elo- earl of Northumberland was chosen to apprehend him for cution was fluent and agreeable; his air and gesture high treason. He was carried first to Lord Shrews. were not without dignity. He was careful, as well as bury's castle at Sheffield, where he was compelled by magnificent, in apparel. As he was chiefly occupied in his distempers to rest, and afterwards to the abbey of enriching and aggrandizing himself, or in displaying Leicester." He breathed his last at that place, Nov. 30, his wealth – objects which are to be promoted either 1530, aged 59 years. The dying words of this wretched by foreign connections or by favour at court - it is man were most memorable, and highly instructive to impossible to determine what share of the merit or all classes of hypocritical professors” of religion —“If demerit of internal legislation ought to be allotted to I had served God as diligently as I have done the king, him."

he would not have given me over in mny grey hairs. The cardinal's influence and income were prodigious. This is the just reward that I must receive for the Mackintosh says, “In the league against the emperor pains I have taken to do him service, not regarding my (in 1527), under the auspices of the pope, and thence service to God!” called . Most Clement,' and Most Holy,' Henry VIII was declared ‘Protector of the holy league ;' with an estute in Naples of 30,000 crowns a-year for himself, and of 10,000 crowns a-year to the cardinal. The bribes

RELIGION IN FRANCE. were afterwards increased to much larger suips.” As his revenues were immense, Wolsey's pride and

(Continued from p. 395.) ostentation were carried to the greatest height: for he PROTESTANTISM in France was baptized in rivers of had five hundred servants : ainong whom were nine or blood: and its churches in the southern parts of the ten lords, fifteen knights, and forty esquires.

kingdom, where it principally flourished, declined after Wolsey's administration continued, seemingly with the dreadful persecution which arose on the revocation of unabated sway, till 1527 ; when that ambitious mi- the “Irrevocable Edict of Nantz.” See an account of nister, who delighted as much in displaying as in excr- those atrocious papal cruelties in the Christian's Penny cising power, became at last unpopular from the Magazine, vol. ii, p. 187, 203. haughtiness of his measures : though the priuciples of Popery being favoured by Louis XVIII, at his restohis government had given just alarm; as, from 1516 to ration and the fall of Napoleon, persecution was par1523, no parliament had been assemble.i, and money tially renewed against the remaining Protestants, eswas raised by forced loans and pretended benevo- pecially at Nismes, where dreadful outrages were lences.

committed, with soine bloodshed. Still there appeared Wolsey, being employed by Henry to obtain a divorce scarcely any efforts made to extend the saving knowfrom his queen Catherine, was found to have been car- ledge of the gospel of Christ in that great country, till rying on a secret correspondence with the papal court, after the London Missionary Society sent deputations to prolong the discussion of the question, in the deci- to visit and excite the Protestant churches in France. sion of which the cmperor, Charles V, was so deeply Dr. Bogue was requested by that Society to write an interested. “The emperor did not fail to communi. “Essay ou the New Testament,” proving the divinity cate to his aunt, the queen of England, the intrigues of Christianity. This excellent work was translated carried on at Rome; and her remaining friends at into French, and circulated with some good effects ; court conveyed the intelligence from her to the king." and at length, in 1818, a Protestant Bible Society was

The attorney-general, "Oct. 9, 1529, commenced a formed at Paris, which has now many auxiliaries : and prosecution against him for carrying on an illicit and many thousand Bibles have been circulated. A Religious clandestine correspondence with the court of the pope, Tract Society has also been formed in France, which and procuring bulls from Rome without licence from has succeeded in forming depôts in many parts.

" The the king. On the 17th of the same month the great Asiatic Society" in Paris have materially co-operated seal was taken froin him ; and Dec. 1, 1529, the lords, with the British and Foreign Bible Society in London, with Sir Thomas More, the new chancellor, at their by their learned labours in editing versions of the New head, presented an address to the king, enumerating Testament in the Oriental languages, for circulation in various articles of accusation against the tottering car- Turkey and the East. dinal; and praying he ipight no more have any power, Prison Discipline and Reform Societies have also jurisdiction, or authority, within the realm. Thomas been adopted from England with some success. A Cromwell, his grateful servant, in the Cominons, de- Society for Elementary Instruction,” was formed at fended the cardinal from the charge of treason. But Paris in 1815, on the system of the British and Foreign Wolsey confessed his offence against the statute of pre- School Society, which has several years ago numbered munire; and the court pronounced their sentence, almost 2,000 schools; and the society are endeavour“that he was out of the protection of the law; that ing to extend the benefits of education, by incans of his lands, goods, and chattels, were forfeited; and that Sunday schools, especially in the south of France. In his person was at the inercy of the king.” The car- 1821, a society was formed at Paris for the promotion dinal, with his vast possessions, fell by this sentence of “ Christian Morals, Peace, and Knowledge,” of into the king's hands. Henry sent some presents and which the Duke of Rochefoucauld Liancourt was Presi. kind messages to his discarded minister; and suffered dent, and in 18.2, an Evangelical Missionary Sohim to remain at Esher, in Surrey, a country-house of ciety” was instituted, the Count Verhueil, Peer of his bishopric of Winchester. Here, however, the king France, President. left hin without provisions for his table, or furniture France, since the revolution of 1830, and the separafor his apartments. In February, 1530, Wolsey was tion of the Roman Catholic religion from the state, pardoned, and restored to his see of Winchester, and to has presented a new scene for the contemplation of ihe abbey of St. Alban's; with a grant of 6,0001., and Protestants. But by this policy it is not to be supof all other rents not parcel of the archbishopric of posed, that the new king and government becaine

[ocr errors]

religious. “Christianity,” says an intelligent observer Besides, a plan is in progress for placing a public near the centre of authority, “ had not more enemies library in every one of the 40,000 communes, or in France under the old government, than it has under parishes, into which the kingdom of France is dithe new. With us, Christianity is always blended with vided.” catholicism, and catholicism with the priests by whom it is tanght. But as the priests are generally opposed

The French PROTESTANTS. to the new order of things, and as they boldly avow The Reforined Church of France,” is that to which their opposition, it follows, the liberals, who form the it is most natural to look for vigorous efforts to mure enlightened part of the nation, conceive a hatred evangelize the nation. This, according to a statistical for every kind of religion, and become infidels, as a account made up in 1828, consisted of 85 consistorial consequence of their political system. They consider churches : which, at the rate assigned by law, of 6,000 the gospel of God our Saviour as responsible for all souls for each church, gives us an aggregate of 510,000. ibe fanits committed by some intriguing and ambitious It has besides 11 oratories, which appear to be smaller priests."

communities than those which would warrant the forSereral missionaries have been sent forth by the mation of a consistorial church. Probably the whole friends of the gospel from the “Society of Missions” in body of Protestants in France, under this denomination, France, to labour in South Africa; and many new may amount to 1,000,000 of persons! Ainong these religious publications have been issued by the few there were at the above period 438 edifices for public leading Christian patriots, for the spiritual benefit of worship, 305 pastors, 451 Bible Societies and Associatheir country. An English Protestant minister at Paris,

tions, 124 Misionary Societies, 59 Tract Societies and wrote a short time ago, “Since the revolution, we have Depositories. Such a great variety of scriptural opened several chapels, several schools, and have also

means and ministers, must, under the Divine blessing, commenced several meetings in different quarters of be effectual in producing an amount of benefit incalcuParis. After having filled a place of worship, near the lable both for time and eternity! Boulevard des Italiens, the most fashionable part of Paris, we have rented a large hall on the Boulevards.

Roman CATHOLIC CLERGY IN FRANCE. Every sabbath morning, we have here a most respectable, It is calculated that there are at present in France, steady, and serious auditory. Many Protestants of the 36,185 priests, who regularly officiate, including those first rank in society, who very seldom attend on public who do not receive pay from the treasury. Of these worship, are constant in their attendance here; and

2,849 are curates, 22,244 are temporary curates, 5,301 many Catholics are delighted with the means afforded are vicars, 1,462 regular priests, 873 almoners of them of informing and edifying themselves. Of each colleges and hospitals. Of the religious, there are 106 class, not a few have felt and evinced the power of the female congregations, possessing 1,721 establishinents, truth of the gospel of Christ applied to the conscience which contain 11,752 sisters, who relieve about 69,000 and the heart by the Holy Ghost. A Sunday school is sick persons, and instruct 63,000 poor children graformed here, and the children are taught by ladies and tuitously! Surely the time is not far distant, when gentlemen, who are resolved for the diffusion of the instead of Romish superstition and idolatry, all the gospel. The friends who attend at this chapel sub- operations of th'se thousands of agents shall be guided scribe towards the general expense of the chapel and by the Holy Scriptures. schools, about 300l. per annum. This is the beginning of the voluntary support of the gospel ministry by the French, who are accustomed to look to the government ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND THE AFRICAN to do every thing. Our great anxiety at this moment is, for the Faux.

PRINCE. bourg du Temple; a quarter peopled by poor work- ALEXANDER, during his march into Africa, came to a men and their needy families, living in the grossest people dwelling in peaceful huts, who knew neither war ignorance. After the revolution, we began worship in nor conquest. Gold being offered to hiin, he refused a small room. The bearers soon overfowed: their it, saying, that his sole object was to learn the manchildren accompanied them, and were presented for ners and customs of the inhabitants. “Stay with us," instruction; their numbers and their interest rapidly says the chief, “ as Jong as it pleaseth thee." During and regularly increased. We were obliged to change his stay with the African chief, two of his subjects and enlarge our plans and accommodations, to establish brought before him a case for judgment. The dispute Sunday schools, day schools, evening schools; and at was, the one had bought of the other a piece of ground, this hour more than 600 scholars of both sexes, which, after the purchase, was found to contain a treaand of all ages, are inscribed on our registers, and sure, for which he felt himself bound to pay. The other receive instruction, or are promised aduiission. God refused to receive any thing; stating, that, when he has provided us with Christian masters and mistresses : sold the ground, he sold it with all the advantages appathey open and close the exercise of each school with rent or concealed which it might be found to afford. prayer, and teach the scholars both to read and under- Said the chief, looking at the one, “You have a son;" stand the Scriptures. The interest, intelligence, and and to the other, “You have a daughter. Let them progress of the scholars and hearers, are very cheering. be married, and the treasure be given them as dowry." The municipal authorities already appreciate our Alexander was astonished. “And what,” said the efforts, and offer us erery facility and protection, from chief, “would have been the decision in your counthe usefulness of our religion. Other efforts are in try? “We should have dismissed the parties," said progress ; among which are the translation of valuable Alexander, “and seized the treasure for the king's works of doctrinal and practical divinity; aiding pious

“ And does the sun shine on your country." young men in their acadernical studies ; promoting the said the chief ; “Does the rain fall there? Are there circulation of Bibles and tracts: the establishment of any cattle there which feed upon herbs and green Scripture readers : and the opening of chapels for grass ?” “Certainly,” said Alexander. “Ah !” said Protestant worship, and the faithful preaching of the the chief, “it is for the sake of those innocent cattle Word of God. These efforts are independent of those that the Great Being permits the sun to shine, the rain of the Bible Society, the Continental Society, Tract to fall, and the grass to grow, in your country.” and School Societies, and other public institutions.



Letters to a Mother, upon Education. On the contrary, the woman who feels that she is infe

rior in the knowledge of the procedures of a household LETTER XLII.

to her own servants, and also knows that her husband

daily discovers it, can never, if she has any good sense Upon those points in which the Education of Females

left, respect herself, or expect to gain the respect of her ought to be different from that of Males.

husband. Dear Madam,

After all, in the vast majority of instances, the hapIn my last I drew the consequences of an

piness of a household is dependent npon the mistress; improper system : allow me now to delineate what I and her ability to render it happy is in strict proportion consider to be the correct, and to describe its results. to her knowledge of domestic arrangements. This may

I will suppose then the question asked, How is the not be needed in the professed lady of fashion, whose intellectual education of a female to be properly cou.

whole existence is occupied by fatigue and excitement, ducted ? I answer, Let all the various powers and excitement and fatigue, display, indolence, dissipation, faculties of her mind be educed and strengthened, and

and extravagance. No one with any cominon sense her understanding be informed on all those practical

would say, that she or her husband, even if resembling and useful branches of knowledge which she will need her in habits, are happy. But throughout the families as the wife and mistress of a fainily. All this will not of the empire, the happiness of individuals and the wel. interfere with the acquisition of the proper degree of fare of the next generation, must be dependent from those accomplishments already recommended in pre

the sources and circumstances which I have previously vious Letters. But the mischief consists in substituting specified. accompliskments for education. Except to the truly To reduce general rules to particulars, I should ad. pitiable woman of fashion, of how little real use will vise, that girls should be taught to aim at a noble simihese accomplishments be in after-life?

plicity of dress and manners, should be taught to estiIs it not highly probable that she will forget her mate accomplishments as secondary, and the acquisition music, her drawing, her French, &c. quite as quick at of useful knowledge and good habits and good sense least as she learnt them? But in such an instance, and knowledge of the world, as first. when these are gone there is nothing left. It would be This can only be done by either conducting their right indeed that the tastes induced by these acquisitions

education at home, by the aid of visiting governesses, should remain; nor is it needful that when a girl enters

and in which case all the benefits attributed in a former into the cares and business of life, that she should en- Letter to a public education are lost, or by placing tirely discontinue the practice of her accomplishments.

them in the care of some conductress of a seminary Bat wo be to the man whose wife has nothing besides possessing the requisite views and habits. these, except the false and pernicious notions respect

That such are to be found, I will not take upon myself ing wedlock acquired from novels and romances, or the to deny; yet I cannot help expressing my opinion, that romantic incidents of human life.

even under the most favourable circumstances, there is On the contrary it appears to me, that the intellectual not that attention to the education in the principles of education of a female ought to be peculiarly conducted morals and in the practices of domestic life which are with a view to the formation of a sound judgment, or requisite. I could wish some one would supply the first what I would rather call common sense; a knowledge defect by a book, and the second by setting up a semiof what is proper under every circumstance, the ac- nary in which the latter should be taught. It was part quiring the modes whereby the common transactions of of the education of our great-grandmothers to go to a human life are conducted. Hence she should engage pastry school, or to learn cookery by some other means. equally with her brother in those studies which give I cannot pretend to say how such a thing might be acuteness to the powers of judgment, and exercise the managed now, yet I doubt not but that if the ability to mind in taking correct apprehensions of the real nature superintend and inspect such matters could be now of all things. Her education should also be peculiarly communicated the minds of girls as part of their calculated to impart true views of human life, and of education, their future husbands would never regret its great end. She should ever be taught to consider, that in this respect their education had approximated that it is the end of existence to be happy, and to make in some degree at least to that of their ancestors. others happy. She should be taught to know in what I am the more confident in these sentiments, when I happiness consists, and from what it is derived; and find them agreeing with those of King Lemuel, " which that the grand duty of woinan is to conduce to the hap. bis mother taught him," who, in describing a good piness of her husband and children, as it is his to protect

wife, says, and to secure her3.

“ She will do him good and not evil, all the days of Hence it is of the first importance that she should be her life. trained to habits of economy in all things, to have as “She seeketh wool and flax, and worketh diligently few wants as possible, to help herself always when it is with her bands. practicable, to become acquainted with the various de- “She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengthpartments in which the management of a family con

eneth her arms. sists, to know how to save by mnending and making for “She layeth her hand to the spindle, and her hands herself and for her children, to know how at least to hold the distaff. superintend all, even the most common procedures of “She maketh herself coverings of tapestry, her cloththe household.

ing is of silk and purple. All this is perfectly compatible with intelligence, in- 'She openeth her mouth with wisdom, and in her formation, loveliness, and health. At the same time, tongue is the law of kindness. unnecessary expenditure is prevented, and those orderly **She looketh well to the ways of her households and arrangements proceed, upon which the comfort of a cateth not the bread of idleness.” family is dependent. Every wise and good man learns

Well may the writer say of such a female, "her price to esteem the value of such a wife, and the love, in

is far above rubies.” Many daughters have done exduced perhaps by other considerations, is not (to say

cellently, but she has excelled them all! nothing more) lessened by perceiving the universal ralue of his choice. Nor is all this domestic excellence in

I am, dear Madam, yours, &c. consistent with respect : it does indeed conduce to it.


[ocr errors]

7, 8.


Abraham's name has been highly honoured among all

the nations of the East. Their mythological traditions ABRAHAM.

abound with allusions to the events of his life ; and not The Death of Abraham.

only the Jews, but the Magians, Sabians, Indians, and ABRAHAM lived after the marriage of Isaac about

Mohammedans, have claimed him as the great patriarch thirty-seven years. Of this period," however, we have

and founder of their systems of religion. Alexander but few particulars recorded, the whole being con

Severus the Roman emperor, who knew nothing of tained in a few verses. Having seen his beloved Isaac

Abraham but what was related of him by the Chrisblessed with a pious wife, agreeably to his wishes,

tians and Jews, conceived so high an opinion of him Abraham entered again into the honourable state of

as to enrol him with Jesus Christ among the number marriage. In this union, God gave him an addition to

of his gods ! his family of six sons. Of their characters nothing is recorded; yet we may be certain that he taught thein “the way of the Lord;” and during his life-time, as THE FIRST FEMALE MARTYR IN ENGLAND. he found the infirmities of age increasing, Abraham made suitable provision for them, and sent them away

Porery in its genuine character is illustrated in the to settle in a distant part of the country; that the

bitter sufferings of thousands of the martyrs for Christ.

Pretended infallibility in its decisions, and cruel intoler. peaceful temper of Isaac might not be disturbed, hy the

ance in its policy, towards those differing from it, mark ambition or avarice of his brothers.

the Roman Catholic church in every age. Dr. Southey, Abraham, at length, draws near the close of his

in his inortal days. Even “ the friend of God” must die !

Book of the Church,” though that beautifully “Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good

written volume is exceedingly defective as a record of old age, an old man, and full of years ;-and these are

religious history in Britain, contains some remarkable

exhibitions of the spirit and practice of the Romish the days of the years of Abraham's life which he lived, a hundred threescore and fifteen years." Gen. xxv,

hierarchy, of which we select the following paragraph,

containing a notice of the sufferings of Joan Boughton, The pious patriarch doubtless terminated his pil

whom he calls “The first female martyr in England." grimage in a teinper and manner corresponding to his

Bishop Pecock had offended his haughty colleague, character as “father of believers.” Passing “through

by professing some opinions similar to those published

by Wycliffe and his followers, and therefore “as he the valley of the shadow of death, he feared no evil ; the LORD was with him, his rod and staff comforted

was required, at Paul's Cross, in the presence of twenty

thousand people, at the archbishop's feet, he committed him." Psal. xxiii, 4.

himself as a penitent sinner to the correction of the “His God sustain'd him in the final hour,

church and his lord of Canterbury.” “It remains His final hour brought glory to his God.”

now to state, what were the tender mercies of the We have seen that Abraham's son Ishmael, in early

Romish church to this eminent man (the most learned years, was a mocker of religion and a persecutor of of his age and country), who had thus humbly and Isaac: but he appears to have become reconciled to his thoroughly submitted to its authority. That his enemies brother, during the life of their father, and that both in that church insulted him with a malice which was at were present at the patriarcli's decease. They received once venomous and grovelling, is only what may always the last benediction of their dying parent, while he be expected from mean and malignant minds ; but the breathed out his willing spirit into the hands of his treatment which he received can only be imputed to covenant God. “ And his sons Isaac and Ishmael the inimitable spirit of the papal tyranny and its buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of agents. He was sent to Thorney Abbey, there to be Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before confined in a secret closed chamber, out of which he Mamre; the field wbich Abraham purchased of the was not allowed to go. The person, who made his bed sons of Heth : there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his and his fire, was the only one who migbt enter and wife.” Gen xxv, 9, 10.

speak to him, without the abbot's leave, and in his preThus died Abraham, “the father of believers," sence. He was to have neither pen, ink, nor paper, leaving behind him a character singularly honoured by and to be allowed no books, except a mass book, a God, and worthily celebrated by men. His life was psalter, a legendary, and a Bible. For the first quarter, much shorter than that of his ancestors, but far more he was to have no better fare than the common rations of connected with important events : chequered with the convent; afterwards, the pittance of the sick or aged unusual trials, but divinely blessed with extraordinary brother, with such further indulgence as his health favours: distinguished by the most brilliant virtues might require, for which, the prior was allowed eleven that ever adorned the sons of men ; but not altogether pounds. In this dismal imprisonment Pecock died. free from the infirmities of a fallen nature. Abraham But carefully as his writings were sought for and received the blessing of free justification by faith, destroyed, some of thein remained to preserve his mewhile an uncircumcised heathen ; and though his mory, and bear witness to his learning, his moderation, obedience to the will of God was more eminently and his worth. exemplary than that of any of his descendants, it is If such was the severity which the Romish church ciearly evident, that his salvation was not merited by exercised towards the ablest of its defenders, what were his good works, but was enjoyed only by sovereign those persons to expect who detested its doctrines, grace, through faith in the all-sufficient righteousness when they fell into the hands of its inhuman ministers? of a Divine Redeemer.

The civil wars, which in all other respects were so Both by our Lord and his apostles, Abraham is re- frightful to humanity, had the good effect of affording peatedly commended to us as a worthy pattern of thein a respite : in Fuller's beautiful words, “the very vigorous faith and patient resignation, in running the storm was their shelter." But when the struggle Christian race; and the contemplation of none of the ceased, the business of persecution was resumed, and pious fathers, or prophets of God, is better calculated Henry VII, while he asserted his authority over the to instruct and encourage us, in “pressing towards clergy, found it consistent with his policy to emthe mark for the prize of our high calling of God in ploy them rather than his nobles in state affairs, and Christ Jesus."

suffered them to proceed against the Lollards with


the utmost rigour. Among the victims whom they unknown before. I recollect an instance in the history brought to the stake, was a woman of some quality, of some who fled from this country to that then wild Joan Boughton by name, the first female martyr in desert, America. Among many other hardships, they England. She was more than eighty years of age, were in such straits for bread, that the

very crusts of and held in such reverence for her virtues, that during their foriner tables in England, would have been a the night after her martyrdom, her ashes were col- dainty to them. Necessity drove the women and chillected, to be preserved as relics for pious and affec

dren to the sea-side to look for a ship, expected to tionate remembrance. Her daughter, the Lady Young, bring thein provisions : but no ship for many weeks suffered afterwards the same cruel death, with equal appeared : however, they saw in the sand vast quanticonstancy. At Amershain, when William Tylsworth

ties of shell-fish, since called clams, a kind of mussel. was burnt, his only daughter, as being suspected of Hunger compelled them to taste, and at length they heresy, was compelled not only to witness his death, fed almost wholly on them, and, to their own astonish. but with her own hands to set fire to him! By such ment, were as cheerful, fat, and lusty, as they had been barbarities did the Romish church provoke the indig- in England, with their fill of the best provisions. A pation of God and man. That it should have made worthy man, one day, after they had all dined on clams, one real convert by such means is impossible ; though without bread, returned thanks to God for causing it compelled many to abjuration. In that case, the them to such of the abundance of the seas, and of miserable wretches whom it admitted to its mercy, treasures hid in the sand," a passage in Deuteronomy, were made to bear a faggot in public, while they wit- till then unobserved by the company, but which ever after nessed the martyrdom of those who had niore constancy endeared the writings of Moses to them.-Robt. Robinson. than themselves. They were fastened to the stake by the

Death.bed Repentance. neck with towels, and their hands held fast, while they were marked on the cheek with a hot iron; after which,

All the precepts of the gospel direct to holy living ; but they were for life to wear a faggot, worked or painted

I do not know any directions in all the Scriptures that on the left sleeve ; and if they ventured to lay aside peculiarly concern holy dying. This is a matter which this badge, which if they were in humble life consigned

I doubt has not been considered as it ought to be, for them to want as well as infamy, they were sent to the

otherwise people could never lay so much stress upon Aames without remission; so that it became a saying,

what is never once mentioned in all the Scripture. I do Put it off and be burnt; keep it on and be starved.

not mean by this to deny that God will pardon those Bishop Nix, of Norwich, one of the most infamous for who at any time of their lives do truly repent and turn his activity in this persecution, used to call the persons

to him : but there is great reason to fear that most of whom he suspected of heretical opinions,

that which goes under the name of deuth-bed repentance, savouring of the frying pan;" with such levity did does not proceed from a true change in the soul, but is these monsters regard the sufferings which they in

only a sorrow in a manner forced upon people, from dicted! A correspondent of Erasmus wrote to him,

the necessity of their present circumstances.- Dr.Willis, that the price of wood was considerably advanced

dean of Lincoln, 1709. about London, in consequence of the quantity required

Estimate of Human Life. for the frequent executions in Smithfield. The statement is one of those hyperboles, which in the fa

“So teach us to number our days.”- What is the total miliarity of letter writing, are understood as they are

amount of human life? What is the sum of this account meant, and convey no inore than the truth.

of days of pothingness, and days of reality; of days of prosperity, and days of afiction ; of days of languor,

and days of delight; of days devoted to the world, and MY SCRAPBOOK.

days devoted to religion? My brethren, it is God, it is

God alone, who holds “ our times in his hand :” he LEAF XV.

alone can inake an accurate calculation of them. It is

not impossible, however, to ascertain what shall be, in “ The Bee that wanders, and sips from every flower, disposes

respect of time, the temporal destination of those that what she has gathered into her cells."-SENECA.

hear me this day. Let me suppose that the present Anecdote of the Duke of Saxony.

solemnity has drawn together an assembly of 1,800 Henry Duke of Saxony, a cruel and debauched prince,

persons. I divide thein into six classes. dreamed that the tutelar angel of the country, ap

1. From 10 to 20 years old 530 peared to him with an angry countenance, and re

20 to 30

440 proached him in these words, « Ill-fated wretch! The

3. 30 to 40

345 Almighty, unwilling to cut thee off in the fulness of

4. 40 to 50

255 thine iniquity, hath sent me to give thee warning.”

5. 50 to 60

160 Upon this, he showed him a scroll, in which was

6 60 and upward

70 written “After Six." The duke awoke trembling, and much alarmed. He was convinced the vision was

1,800 froin God, and thought it certainly predicted his end. According to the inost exact calculation, 60 of my preSix days, six weeks, six months, were spent in peni- sent hearers must, before the beginning of another tence and serious preparation for death: but these

year, be numbered with the dead. having elapsed, he concluded that six years must have been the period intended, and under this impression he

In 10 years, of the 1,800 will remain 1,270

In 20 effected a thorough reformation in his life and govern.


In 30 ment. At the end of six years, he was elected emperor

480 of Germany.

In 40

230 In 50, only

70 Worth of the Bible.

Thus you see, my brethren, in what a perpetual flux the Afflictions teach us the worth of our Bibles. The Bible human race is. The world is a vast theatre, of which is too often but an insipid book before afflictions bring every one appears his inoment upon the stage, and in a us to feel the want of it, and then how many comfort- moinent disappears. Every successive instant presents ing passages do we find, which lay neglected and different scenery, a new decoration. I represent these

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »