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terests of this ambitious usurper, they gave it as their commencing with Childeric, and closing with Philip opinion, that the bishop of Rome was previously to be Augustus. Infidel rage destroyed them in 1793, leaving consulted, whether the execution of such a purpose not a vestige remaining. Above this gallery is the was lawful or not. In consequence of this, ainbassa- centre and splendid marygold window, 43 feet in dia. dors were sent by Pepin to Zachary, the reigning pon- meter, still retaining some of the richly-stained glass of tiff, with the following question: Whether the divine the thirteenth century. The towers rise about 221 feet law did not permit a valiani and warlike people to dethrone above the casement; and the width of the façade is a pusillanimous and indolent monarch, who was incapable about 138 feet. The extreme exterior length of Notre of discharging any of the functions of royalty; and to Dame is about 449 feet, and its greatest width about 162 substitute in his place one more worthy to rule, and who
feet. had already rendered most important services to the state? Popery, with its usurpations, having oppressed France, The situation of Zachary, who stood much in need of in common with every other country in which it prethe succours of Pepin against the Greeks and Lombards, vailed, and its superstitions having insulted reason, rendered his answer such as the usurper desired. And delity became universal in that populous country, and, when this favourable decision of the Roman oracle was other causes concurring, the consequence was the published in France, the unhappy Childeric was stripped dreadful Revolution. Roman catholicism suffered a total of his royalty without the least opposition ; and Pepin, eclipse in France, and infidelity, in every hideous form, without the smallest resistance from any quarter, stepped became the fashion of the day. “It may be observed, into the throne of his master and his sovereign. Let however, that the clergy hastened their own destructhe abettors of the papal authority see how they can tion, by their avarice and imprudent selfishness. It justify in Christ's pretended vicegerent upon earth, a was their obstinacy, together with that of the nobles decision which is so glaringly repugnant to the laws and magistrates, that ultimately compelled the king to and precepts of the divine Saviour. This decision was convoke the states-general in 1789, where the demo. solemnly confirmed by Stephen II, the successor of cratic party being equal in number, and superior in Zachary, who undertook a journey into France, in the popular influence to both the clergy and the nobles, year 754, in order to solicit assistance against the Lom- carried every thing their own way, and soon annihilated hards: and who, at the same time, dissolved the obliga- king, nobles, and clergy.” The Bible being almost tion of the oath of fidelity and allegiance which Pepin altogether unknown to the nation, scarcely any one had sworn to Childeric, and violated by his usurpation, understood genuine Christianity. in the year 751. And to render his title to the crown “ l'nder the republican government, religion, as a naas sacred as possible, Stephen anointed and crowned tional establishment, was formally abolished; the wealth him, with his wife and two sons, for the second time ! ” and landed property of the clergy were seized and sold;
Gibbon states, “ Zachary pronounced, that the un- and even the scanty pittance, allowed them by the state fortunate Childeric, a victim of the public safety, should in lien of their former princely revenue, was withdrawn; be degraded, shaved, and confined in a monastery for and the enthusiasm of infidelity, for a time, persecuted the remainder of his days !”
religion in France with all the bitterness and all the Childeric's cathedral was taken down, and the present cruelty that was ever exercised by the most intolerant structure was commenced in 1163, in the reign of fanaticism. In the mystery of Providence, the persecut. Louis VII. Pope Alexan'ler JII, then a fugitive in ing catholic clergy were doomed to suffer all those woes France, laid the first stone, Maurice de Sully being which their predecessors had inflicted upon the French then bishop of Paris. Such zeal influenced those who Protestants and their brethren the Jansenists in former prosecuted the work, that the high altar was consecrated reigns, and to drink deep in the cup of judgment. Inin 1182; and in 1186, near the steps of it, was interred, fidelity throned in power, wielded the sword of venGeoffry, duke of Brittany, son of Henry II, king of geance with dreadful efficacy against the Romish priests, England. Two centuries more, however, elapsed be- who were butchered by hundreds. At Nantz no less fore this cathedral was completed. The nave and west than 360 priests were shot, and 461) drowned in the front, with its lofty and massive towers, are sup- Loire : 292 priests were inassacred during the bloody posed to have been completed about the year 1223. days of the i0th of August and 2d of September 1792; The south portal was commenced in 1257, and that on and 1,135 priests were guillotined under the government the north not till about the year 1313. Some additions of the National Convention, from the 20th of September were made as late as the year 1447, by Charles VII. 1792, till the end of 1795; besides vast numbers who
The west or principal front of Notre Dame cathedral, perished in different ways throughout France, as the with its towers and marygold window, is remarkable, infidel republicans hunted them like wild beasts up and not only for its general effect, but for its elegant sim- down the country. The number of emigrant clergy plicity, bold character of outline, and its uniformity of till the end of 1795, amounted to 28,724, and many design. It may be described as being divided into four more emigrated afterwards. compartments, the lowermost having for its centre the “Scriptural religion had been persecuted and deprincipal entrance porch: on each side is a similar one, stroyed by the priesthood; and nothing better than the but smaller. They open with high pointed arches, and corrupt and superstitious ceremonies of popery being form deep recesses, gradually contracting to the doors, known to the people, the infuriated infidel rulers deterwhich are extremely beautiful, being richly decorated mined on the extermination of these, as Christianity; with alto-relievos. Above the door of the middle In order to obliterate every trace of Christiauity, and porch, there are fine sculptures representing the every sense of religion, the decemvirs, as Robespierre, general judgment: within the porch to the left of the Carnot, and their colleagues, were called, abolished the spectator, are various subjects from the New Testament, old calendar, and employed men of science to make a in sculpture, and on the right are figures of the pro- new one. By this, each month was divided into three phets, evangelists, and saints : but the polite monsters decades of ten days each, the Christian Sabbath was of the French Revolution, vented their impious fury abolished, and the tenth day of every decade was fixed against the emblems of religion, so as even to decapi. as a day of rest; evidently intending by this new poli. tate these beautiful stones ! • The Gallery of the tical institution, to supersede the worship and cereKings," is immediately above the porches: and is so monies of that religion which they now wished to eracalled from its having been adorned with the statues of dicate. But reflecting how prone the multitude are to twenty-eight of the royal benefactors of the cathedral, superstition, they consecrated Reason as an object of
worship: a festival was celebrated in honour of her in
SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY. the cathedral, where she was personated hy a woman, Madame Desmoulines, who was afterwards guillotined.”
ABRAHAM. Most of our readers, it is probable, are unacquainted with the outrageous and shameless impiety, which at
Abraham Offering Isauc. tended the installation of this new divinity; and as it is ISAAC, the child of promise, like his antitype Jesus, without a parallel or precedent in the annals of man- "grew in wisdom and in stature, and in favour with God kind, we shall give a short account of the ceremonies and man.” He was the delight of his aged parents; observed on that occasion.
obedient, affectionate, and truly religious. He had “ The section of the Sans Culottes, declared at the attained to man's estate, and the mind of his venerable bar of the Convention, Nov. 10, 1793, that they would father was busily employed in contriving means and no longer have priests among them, and that they re- forming plans for his future welfare in the world. quired the total suppression of all salaries paid to the While Abraham thus beheld him with fond delight, as ministers of religious worship. The petition was ful- the father of many nations, as he through whom all lowed by a numerous procession, which filed off in the the families of the earth were to be blessed, it was an. hall, accompanied by national music. Surrounded by nounced to him that he must be immediately slain. them, appeared a young woman of the finest figure, “It came to pass after these things, that God did arrayed in robes of liberty, and seated in a chair, tempt Abraham.” Gen. xxii, 1. God did not lay a ornamented with leaves in festoons. She was placed snare for him, to draw him into sin; but called him to opposite the president, and Chaumette said, Fanati- an especial trial of his faith. Many signal proofs of cism has abandoned the place of truth : squint-eyed, it unlimited confidence in the faithfulness of God, and of could not bear the brilliant light. The people of Paris cheerful obedience to his revealed will, had Abrahain have taken possession of the temple, which they have already given : but he was at length called to a far regenerated : the Gothic arches, which till this day re- more difficult test of his principles. Isaac, the longsounded with lies, now echo with the accents of truth: promised seed of Abraham, the son of his old age, the you see we have not taken for our festivals inanimate declared head of a new race, and of an innumerable idols; it is a chef d'ouvre of nature, whom we have posterity, the appointed fountain of unspeakable blessarrayed in the habit of liberty: its sacred forın has ings to the world, and the dear object of extraordinary inflamed all hearts. The public has but one cry, No and merited affection, — this very Isaac is, by the Lord, more altars, no more priests, no other God but the God commanded to be taken to a distant mountain, and of nature. We, their magistrates, we accompany them there to be offered as a burnt sacrifice, and slain by the from the temple of truth to the temple of the laws, to hands of his own father! celebrate a new liberty, and to request that the ci-devant “And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son, church of Notre Dame, be changed into a temple con- Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of secrated to Reason and Truth.' This proposal being con. Moriah ; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon verted into a motion, was immediately decreed; and one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.” Ver. 2. the Convention afterwards decided, that the citizens of Every word is terrible, and the whole seems sufficient Paris, on this day, continued to deserve well of their to chill the blood of the father in instant death. country. The goddess then seated herself by the side We wonder that Abraham did not imagine this comof the president, who gave her a fraternal kiss. The mand to be a delusive dream; and t' at some malignant secretaries presented themselves to share the same fıour ; spirit had suggested such an inhuman and nonstrous every one was eager to kiss the new divinity, whom so idea. “Who but Abraham would not have expostulated many sulutations did not in the least disconcert. During with God? What, doth the God of mercies now begin the ceremony, the orphans of the country, pupils of to delight in blood? Is it possible that murder should Leonard Bourdon (one of the inembers), sung a hymn to become piety? Or if thou wilt needs take pleasure in Reason, composed by Citizen Moline. The national a human sacrifice, is there none but Isaac fit for the music played Gosset's Hymn to Liberty. The Conven- altar, none but Aliraham to offer hiin: Shall these tion then mixed with the people, to celebrate the feast of hands destroy mine own child? Can I not be faithful Reason in her new temple. A grand festival was ac- unless I be unnatural? or if I must needs be the mon. cordingly held in the church of Notre Damne, in honour ster of all parents, will not Ishmael be accepted? O of this deity. In the middle of the church was erected a God, where is thy mercy, where is thy justice? Hast mount, and on it a very plain temple, the façade of which thou given ine but one only son, and must I now slay bore the following inscription, 'A la Philosophie.' The him " Why didst thou give him to me? Why didst busts of the most celebrated philosophers were placed thou promise me a blessing in him? What will the before the gate of this temple. The torch of Truth was heathen say, when they shall hear of this infamous on the summit of the mount, upon the altar of Reason, massacre ? How can thy name and my profession spreading light. The Convention and all the constituted escape perpetual blasphemy? With what face shall I authorities assisted at the ceremony. Two rows of look upon my wife Sarah, whose son I have murdered? young girls dressed in white, each wearing a crown of How will she entertain the murderer of Isaac ? Who oak leaves, crossed before the altar of Reason, at the will believe that I did this from thee? Shall not all sound of republican music; each of the girls inclined the world abhor this deed, and say, There goes the man before the torch, and ascended the summit of the mount. that cut the throat of his own son? Yet if he were an Liberty then came out of the temple of Philosophy, ungracious or rebellious child, his deserts might give towards a throne made of turf, to receive the homage some colour to this violence : but to lay hands on so of the republicans of both sexes, who sang a hymn in dear, so dutiful, so hopeful a son, is incapable of all her praise, extending their arms at the same time pretences. But grant that thou, who art the God of towards her. Liberty ascended afterwards, to return to nature, mayest either alter or neglect it, what shall be the temple, and in re-entering it, she turned about, cast- said to the truth of thy promises? Can thy justice ing a look of benevolence upon her friends: when she admit contradiction? Can thy decrees he changeable ?' got in, every one expressed with enthusiasm the sen- Can these two stand together, Isaac shall live to be sations which the goddess excited in them, by songs of the father of many nations;' and 'Isaac shall now die joy; and they swore, never, never, to cease to be faith- by the hand of his father?' When Isaac is once gone, ful to her!”
where is my seed, where is my blessing? O God, if (To be continued.)
thy commands and purposes be capable of alteration,
alter the bloody sentence, and let thy first word that thou fearest God, seeing that thou hast not with. stand!
held thy son, thine only son, from me.” Ver. II, 12. “These would have been the thoughts of a weak The voice of God, always inspiring to Abraham, was heart: but God knew that he spake to Abraham; and never so welcome, never so seasonable, never so sweet Abraham knew that he had to do with God, even
The joyful transports of both father and son Jehovah. Faith had taught him not to argue, but to must have been overwhelming. With adoring gratiobey. In holy willingness he forgets nature, or de- tude, they bless the Father of mercies, and embrace spises her. He is sure that what God commands is each other in this more than resurrection from the good, that what he promises is infallible; therefore dead. God provided himself a lamh, as Abraham had he is freed from care as to the means, and trusts to the said : for bebind him he saw "a ram caught in a thicket end." — Bishop Hall.
by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, Without coinmunicating his intention to Sarah, and offered him for a burnt offering in the stead of his “Abraham rose up early in the inorning, and saddled son;" and never was a sacrifice presented to the LORD his ass, and took tiv:) of his young men with him, and by hearts more enlarged with thanksgiving, admiration, Isaac his son, and clare the wood for the burnt offering,
and love. and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had The memorable occasion called for a new name to told him." Ver. 3. Three whole days they inust travel the place, to the honour of God, and for the encourage, to the place of execution, and still must Isaac be before ment of all true believers to the end of the world; and his eyes, appearing to his imagination as bleeding upon the LORD having appeared in this extremity, and prothe fatal pile! The peculiar time of a trial makes no vided so marvellously for Abraham, he called the name small addition to its severity, and Abraham inust have of that place Jehovah-jireh, signifying, “ The LORD felt it ; yet had le repenter, he had ample time to return. will provide.” Again the LORD renewed his covenant
Having arrived at the mountain foot, “ Abraham said with his servant, and condescended to confirm the unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and 1 gracious promise with his awful oath! Thus blessed and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again and honoured of the Most High, the father and son unto you. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt returned to the servants, and hastened home with the offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took liveliest satisfaction, unreservediy consecrated to God. the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both But the grand design of this extraordinary transacof them together.” Ver. 5, 6. Doubtless they con- tion must not pass unnoticed. It was intended to inversed upon the merciful appointment of sacrifices, and struct Abraham and Isaac in the mysterious plan of upon their typical design as the emblematical means of human redemption, as well as to exhibit to all ages a reconciliation and coinmunion with God. But no con- worthy example of obedient faith. It has been thought secrated viction appears, and Isaac knows not his father's probable, that Abraham had been imploring from God rea on for omitting to take it. At this distressing some brighter discoveries of the method of redemption, crisis, “ Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, when God called him to this act of obedience as an My father :” this address was natural and melting, and answer to his prayer. Abraham could not fail to be deeply affected with it. To the Jews our Saviour said, “Your father Abraham He might have said, as he probably thought, “Call me rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.” not thy father, who am now about to be thy murderer.” John viii, 56. The day of his crucifixion was emiBut he allows himn to proceed with his intelligent in- nently the day of Christ; but when did Abrahain quiry : “Behold the fire and the wooil: but where is behold this day, unless in Isaac's sacritice? And how the lamb for a burnt offering ?". The father of the could he behold it, unless he understood its purport? faithful is still fearful to reveal the whole affair to his Our Lord assures us that Abraham not only saw it, but
He knows tlit strength of his own faith to act : that he likewise rejoiced to see it. Now he might have but he knows n t fully the power of Isaac to be re- seen it without understanding, what it meant; but he signed. • And Abraham said, My son, God will pro- could not have rejoiced to see it, unless he had been acvide himself a lamb for a burnt offering.” The patri- quainted with its nature. arch gives an ambiguous answer, but which contains a As typical of the redemption of Christ, it must be remarkable prophecy. The Holy Spirit by his mouth observed, “By faith Abraham when he was tried, seems to predict the " Lamb of God,” which his offered up his only begotten son.” Heb. xi, 17. And mercy has provided, as a sacrifice to take away the sin “God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotof the world.
ten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not At length they arrive at the sacred place. The perish, but have everlasting life.” John iii, 16. Divine command is plainly revealed to Isaac; and, after Isaac carried the wood for his own sacrifice; and solemn prayer to the God of their covenant mercies, he Christ bore the cross on which he was crucified for our yields in faith to the will of his father.
sins. Isaac, without a murmur, yielded to the will of The inspiring Spirit has drawn a veil over the pre
his father, in obedience to God; Christ could say in liminary arrangements for the fatul act, and we are truth, “Therefore doth my Father love me, because I spared the pain of viewing the extraordinary scene. lay down my life. I have power to lay it down, and I The altar is reared, the fuel is laid in order, and the have power to take it again. This commandment have young man bound is laid upon the prepared wood. All I received of my Father.” John xi, 17, 18. Moriah ihings being thus ready, again calling upon God and was the mountain on which Isaac was offered; and on looking up to leaven, “ Abrahain stretched forth his that mountain was situated the hill of Calvary, the hand, and took the knife to slay his son,” his beloved place on which Christ gave himself a ransom for a lost Isaac, the heir of a world of promises. Enough is
world. done! The mind was settled in its purpose. The Depending upon the Holy Spirit of God, let ns sacrifice is virtually offered. God intended the trial cherish the divine principles by which the venerable only, not the actual shedding of blood. The eye of patriarch and his pious son Isaac were influenced : then Omwiscience had observed every step of these holy shall we be prompt to make every required sacrifice, in inen, and scrutinized every motion of the patriarch's
obedience to the command of our covenant God; at soul. lle graciously interposes. “And the angel of the same time remembering, that they who are the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham." Gal. iii, 9; Abraham, Abraham, lay not thine hand upon the lad, and shall sit down with him in the kingdom of neither do thou any thing unto himn : for now I know heaven.
Letters to a Mother, upon Education.
Let your child then be taught to expect all good
through this one medium only. LETTER XL.
Repentance will be readily explained as such a per
ception of the nature and consequences of sin, as proReligion.
duces the desire and effort to forsake it. (Continued from p.373.)
Love, as the infusion of sentiments of benevolence
towards all beings; towards the ever-blessed Creator, In reference to the doctrines respecting the Lord and towards all beings as his creatures. Jesus Christ, which are to Revelation what the sun is Coincidently with all the preceding, I entreat you to in the firmament, you will find the necessity of acquir- have a perpetual regard to the inculcation of the duties ing and communicating accurate opinions.
of universal morality. Explain these thoroughly : be Your child must be taught, that he is not the Father, yourself first assured that these are the great end of all but that he was with the Father, and that he was God; religion ; and that the religious character of every man that the Father loved him from before the foundation is in the Divine view estimated by his acquirement of of the world, and with a degree of esteem beyond that these. with which he regarded any or all beings.
From the beginning then establish a habit of revePoint out to him the glory of the person of Christ, rence in your child's mind towards his Creator, and derived from the names given to him, the attributes towards every thing related to himn ; his name, his ascribed to him, the actions attributed to him, and the word, his house, his day, his minister3. worship demanded by him.
Inculcate humility as the sentiment natural and beSpare no pains to teach also the perfect identity of coming, upon views of our immense disparity in all the nature assuined by the Redeemer with the nature of respects to the Creator. those whom he came to redeem, which, though fallen,
Resignation, as the tranquillity resulting from a perhe sanctitied in taking, and preserved sanctified, and fect confidence in all His conduct. presented as such to God, in himself, by the aid of the Inculcate the observance of the Lord's day as conHoly Spirit, as the new Adam, in whom, through his sisting in a cheerful, rational obeclience in attending obedience, the whole human race staud redeemed. upon public worship, moral and religious improvement,
In the instructions delivered by the Redecmer, you and rest from worldly engagements. will have a boundless theme. In the things he taught, Inculcate obedience to every order of magistrates, as in the manner of his preaching, you will find abundance being of divine appointment, since they promote the of subjects, which you must thoroughly inculcate into welfare of society, the mind of your offspring,
Inculcate the abhorrence of cruelty to man or ani. It will be ever needful for you to illustrate the per- mals, as injury done to the creatures of God. fect holiness in all respects of the Redeemer, without Inculcate purity of mind, as essential to peace of which doctrine his intended atonement must have been conscience. an atter failure.
Inculcate honesty, universal honesty, to the exclusion The incomparable work entitled Archbishop New- of all idleness, prodigality, fraud, and gaming. come's Observations on our Lord's Conduct as a Public Inculcate the habit of truth, or of taking and comInstructor, will furnish you with all the information municating right apprehensions at all times and upon upon these topics, distributed under the chief particu- all subjects. lars of which they consist.
Inculcate the utmost kindness when your child is Coincidently with all the prior topics, and with all speaking of others. that follow, you will ever most clearly state to him the Inculcate contentment with his station in life, as the doctrine of the atonement for the sins of the world, of- appointment of God, who best knows by what circumfered through the sufferings of the Redeemer; and that stances an individual can be trained for future happiness. it is solely through this means tbat the favour of God is With regard to the external means of grace, ever enjoyed by any individual of the human race.
represent to him that the grand means of religious inThe miracles of Christ will often come under your struction is the perusal of the Scriptures, with an inquinotice, in which you will often take occasion to point sitive mind, and a desire to acquire direction of conduct out their unquestionable reality, and the proof thus and consolation of hope. Habituate him to expect afforderl that the instructions taught by our Redeemer great benefit from the explanations of the word were agreeable to the will of God,
of God, which he will hear from the appointed mic In this respect the final and most splendid miracle of nisters. all, namely, the resurrection of himself by our Lord Thoroughly establish in his inind the conviction, that from the dead, will occupy its due place in your repre- no good descends from God to man except in answer sentations. Make your son fainiliar with all the evi- to prayer; that God will give, if man prays; and that dences and with all the circumstances of this event. God ceases to give, if we cease to ask. You will find great assistance to this attempt froin the admirable book of West on the Resurrection of our
I now proceed to give you a series of observations, Saviour.
not so much connected with each other, as with the The doctrine of justification you will explain to be,
general topics of the Letter. the acquittal of a penitent person through means of his 1. In the first place, it will be advantageous for you faith or reliance in the Gospel, of which the atonement to make use of some manual of instruction in your and intercession of Christ are the cardinal truths. religious education of your child. You will not find
The doctrines respecting the Holy Spirit occupy the any that are better adapted during the first year or two next place in the enumeration. You will carefully re- than Dr. Watts's Catechisms for Childreu, which you present to your son, that the Holy Spirit is not a mere may cause your child at a proper age to commit to influence, but that he is a person, and that he is God. meinory. Exhibit his agency in the Old and New Testament, not 2. Allow me strenuously to advise, that you use merely as the means whereby life was given to animate every means to be derived from every source for gaining beings, and the human nature of Christ was upheld correct apprehensions on all the varied topics of reliand assisted; but as also the one only channel of all gion; otherwise you cannot teach them, and incorrect Divine favours, whether ordinary or extraordinary. notions are the source of proportionable mischief, ge
nerally of unhappiness, and often of the more palpable 22. Earl of Lichfield, 1674. Fide et constantia -forms of sin.
* By tidelity and constancy." 3. I hope that the public preaching upon which you 23. Earl of Berkeley, 1679. Dieu avec nous-."God attend is of the kind calculated to promote your own with us." personal improvement; comprehensive, plain, ample, 24. Earl of Abingdon, 1682. Virtus ariete fortior and perfectly scriptural. This will be one of the most “ Virtue is stronger than a battering ram.” valuable means of grace to yourself and to your off- 25. Earl of Scarborough, 1690. Murus æneus conspring, and will enable you daily to correct your own scientia sana -“A good conscience is a brazen wall.” epinions, and to inculcate truth upon his mind.
26. Earl of Coventry, 1697. Candide et constanter
Candidly and constantly." familiar with one Commentary upon the Old, and one
The upon the New Testament. This can only be done by cross is the touchstone of faith.” frequent use of it. I recommend Dr. Adam Clarke or 28. Earl of Choliondeley, 1706. Cassis tutissima Matthew Henry for the former, and Dr. Doddridge for virtus -“ Virtue is the safest helinet.” the latter. Train your child to an habitual acquaint- 29. Earl of Oxford, 1711. Virtute et fide — “By ance with these books; you will then take every human virtue and faith.” means to secure that he shall rightly understand the 30. Earl of Dartınouth, 1711. Gaudet tentamine vir. Scriptures.
tus - “Virtue rejoices in trial.” 5. Be inost careful what kind of religious books you 31. Earl of Halifax, 1714. Otium cum dignitate – have in your house. It was said by a great writer many
“ Ease with dignity.” years ago, that half the books in the world were not 32. Earl Stanhope, 1718. A Deo et rege — “From worth reading : I have no hesitation in saying, that the God and the king.” effect of nine-tenths of the religious books now extant 33. Countess of Coningsby, 1719. Vestigia nulla is decidedly bad. In any other branch of knowledge, retrorsum -“No footsteps backward.” mankind are solicitous to read the best books; but in 34. Earl of Harborough, 1719. Hostis honori invidia religion, too many persons read every thing recom- .“ Envy is an enemy to honour.” mended to them, or that accidentally comes in their 35. Earl Ker, 1722. Pro Christo et patrin dulce periway. Hence their notions are inaccurate, false, defec- culum Danger for Christ and one's country is tive; their minds unhappy, and their true duties neg- sweet." lected. Would that men would but exercise the same 36. Earl of Effingham, 1731. Virtus mille scuta – discretion as to the selection of the sources of religious “Virtue is a thousand shields." knowledge, as they do with regard to science and lite- 37. Earl of Portsmouth, 1743. En suivant la verite rature in general, consisting both of books and “ In following the truth.” teachers !
38. Earl of Leicester, 1744. Prudens qui patiens – (To be continued.)
“He is prudent who is patient.”
39. Viscount Hereford, 1549. Basis virtutum constantia -"
Constancy is the basis of virtues." 40. Viscount Lonsdale, 1696.
Magistratus indicut SACRED SEALS, AND MOTTOS OF THE virum — “ The magistrate shows the man.” ENGLISH NOBILITY.
41. Viscount Falmouth, 1720. In cælo quies — “Rest
in heaven.” (Continued from p. 375.)
42. Viscount Folkestone, 1747. Patria cara, carior
libertas —“One's country is dear, liberty is dearer.". 7. Duke of Bolton, 1689. Aymez loyaulte — "Love 43. Lord Petre, 1603. " Sans Dieu rien – Nothing loyalty.”
without God.” 8. Duke of Leeds, 1694. Par in bello -- “ Peace in 44. Lord Arundel, 1605. Deo data “ Given to war.”
God.” 9. Duke of Marlborough, 1702. Dieu defend le droit 45. Lord Clifton, 1608. Finem respice — “Regard _“God maintains justice.”
the end." 10. Duke of Rutland, 1703. Pour y parvenir — "To 46. Lord Teyuham, 1616. Spermea in Deo~"My accomplish it."
hope is in God.” 11. Duke of Montague, 1705. Spectamur agendo – 47. Lord Cornwallis, 1661. Virtus vincit invidiam “We are seen in acting.'
“ Virtue overcomes envy.” 12. Duke of Newcastle, 1715. Vincit amor patriæ — 48. Lord Craven, 1665. Virtus in actione consistit “ The love of country prevails.”
“ Virtue consists in action.” 13. Earl of Derby, 1485. Sans changer — “ Without 49. Lord Bernard, 1699. Nec temere, nec timide changing."
“ Neither rashly nor fearfully:". 14. Earl of Huntingdon, 1529. In veritate victoria – 50. Lord Conway, 1702. Fide et amore “Victory is in truth.;
and love." 15. Earl of Exeter, 1605. Cor unum, via una —“One 51. Lord Foley, 1711. Ut prosim — “That I may heart, one way."
good.” 16. Earl of Denbigh, 1622. Honor virtutis præmium 52. Lord Bathurst, 1711. Tien ta foy-"Maintain .“ Honour the reward of virtue."
thy fidelity.” 17. Earl of Chesterfield, 1628. Exitus acta probat - 53. Lord Onslow, 1716. Semper fidelis - "Alway. “The end proves the actions."
faithful." 18. Earl of Sandwich, 1660. Post tol naufragia por- 51. Lord Romney, 1716. Non sibi, sed patriatun - “After so many shipwrecks, the port.”
“Not for myself, but for my country.” 19. Earl of Essex, 1661. Fide et furlitudine “ By 55. Lord Ducie, 1720. Perseverando — " By perse. faith and courage.”
vering." 20. Earl of Anglesea, 1661. Virtutis amore — “By 56. Lord King, 1723. Labor ipse voluntas
“ Labonr the love of virtue."
itself is pleasure. 21. Earl of Burlington, 1664. Vivit post funera vir- 57. Lord Raymond, 1730. Æquam servare mentem lus -- “Virtue survives the funeral rites."
“ Preserve an equal mind."