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THE CHRISTIAN’S PENNY MAGAZINES. was found to contain a new composition, called “Co- “The First EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS," was rinthian metal.”

written A. D. 57, about two years after the apostle left Corinth lay in ruins nearly a century, nntil Julius them: and the design of it was twofold. First, to Cæsar settled there a colony of Romans: these, in re- correct their improprieties, by healing their divisions, moving the rubbish, found many rich embossed vases, by engaging them to personal holiness for the honour hoth earthen and metal. Industrious curiosity was of Christ, and hy establishing them in the doctrine of excited, as great prices were obtained for these anti- the resurrection to eternal glory. Secondly, to satisfy quities : no burying place was left unexamined, and their inquiries on several points concerning which they Rome is said to have been filled with the furniture of had written to the apostle, especially respecting the Corinthian sepulchres.

marriage, meats offered to idols, and spiritual gifts. Corinth was restored by the Romans; when the “The Second EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS," is circuit of the city was estimated at forty stadia, or five believed to have been written about a year after the miles; and the suburbs included, it exceeded eighty- former. That having been useful in promoting a refive stadia, or nearly eleven miles. Acro-Corinthus formation in the church, especially in relation to many was a lofty mountain, nearly half a mile in perpendicular whose conduct had been dishonourable and scandalous, height, on which the citadel was erected, overlooking some erroneus teachers were offended with the apostle, the whole city. Besides this fortification, the works of blamed him for interfering in the affairs of the congreart, which displayed the opulence and taste of the Co- gation, and endeavoured to lessen his apostolic aurinthians, were the grottos, raised over the fountains thority and invalidate his divine commission. This of Pyrené, sacred to the Muses, and constructed of Epistle, therefore, was intended to comfort the peniwhite marble; the theatre, and stadium, built of the tents, and to justify the character of the apostle as an same materials, and decorated in the most magnificent ambassador of Christ. manner; the temple of Neptune, containing the chariots of that fabulous deity and of Amphitrite,

PRESENT STATE OF CORINTH. drawn by horses covered over with gold, and adorned with ivory hoofs. The avenue which led to this splendid

Corinth flourished for some time after it received edifice was decorated with the statues of those who had Christianity, but most calamitous has been its modern been victorious in the Isthmian games.

history. Adrian, the Roman emperor, about A. D. 125, Corinth was scarcely less celebrated for the learning made some improvements in this city, and early in the and ingenuity of its inhabitants than for the extent of third century, when Pausanias visited it, many temples its commerce and the magnificence of its buildings. and statues indicated its prosperity. But the Heruli, The arts and sciences were carried to such perfection, about A. D. 268, burned Corinth to ashes. In the year that Cicero terms it “Totius Grecia lumen, the light 525 it was again almost ruined by an earthquake. of all Greece ; and Florus calls it "Greciæ decus," the About 1180, it was taken and plundered by Roger, ornament of Greece. Seminaries abounded at Corinth, king of Sicily. Since 1458 it was till lately under the in which philosophy and rhetoric were taught publicly power of the Turks; and it is so decayed, that its inby learned professors, and foreigners resorted to them habitants amount to no more than about 1,500 on from all quarters to perfect their education. Hence 2,000, partly Mohammedans, and partly professors of the remark of Horace, a Roman poet, “Non cuivis Christianity. homini contigit adire Corinth," It does not fall to every

Corinth still occupies a considerable extent, its situamun to go to Corinth.

tion being elevated, beneath the lofty Acro-Corinthus, Celebrated as Corinth was for learning and elegance, with an easy descent towards the Gulf of Lepanto. it was equally notorious for debauchery. Strabo in- The houses are scattered, or in parcels, except in the forms us, that, “in the temple of Venus, at Corinth, bazaar. Cypresses, among which tower the domes of there were more than a thousand harlots, slaves of the mosques, with gardens of lemon and orange trees, are temple, who, in honour of the goddess, hired themselves beautifully interspersed. The air is reckoned bad in to prostitution ; on which account the city was crowded the summer, and exceedingly unhealthy in autumn. and became wealthy." Lasciviousness was, therefore, Wheeler relates, that from the top of the Acro-Cocarried to such an infamous height at Corinth, that a rinthus, he enjoyed one of the most agreeable prospects woman was regarded as a prostitute, when she was which the world can afford; and he guessed that the designated as a Corinthian! Do walls of the city are about two miles in compass, into By hun ti writing

closing mosques, with houses and churches, mostly in CHRISTIANTY INTRODUCED TO THE ebnou

10

Alluding to the labours of the apostle Paul at Co10,313 by CORINTHIANS.

rinth, a late French writer, who visited this vicinity, Christianity triumphed even at Corinth, notwith-remarks: “When the Cæsars rebuilt the walls of standing the shocking idolatry, and the proverbial licen- Corinth, and the temples of the gods rose from the tiousness of its inhabitants. Immorality and profligacy ruins more magnificent than ever, an obscnre architect bad arisen to its greatest height when the

apostle Paul was rearing in silence an edifice which still remains

standing amidst the ruins of Greece. This man, un. flamed the Jews against his person and ministry, and known to the great, despised by the multitude, rejected he turned to the Gentiles. What discouragements he as the offscouring of the world, at first associated with experienced, his relief by a vision of his Lord assuring himself only two companions, Crispus and Gaius, and him of his having "much people in that city,” and his with the family of Stephanas. These were the humble ultimate success, – are manifest by the Acts of the architects of an indestructible temple, and the first Apostles, chap. xviii, and his two Epistles to the Co- believers in Corinth. The traveller surveys the site of rinthian believers.

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the celebrated city; he discovers not a vestige of the Paul laboured at Corinth nearly two years ; and the Itars of Paganism, but perceives some Christian chapels fruits of his ministry were formed into a church, which rising

the was eminently distinguished for its spiritual endow- apostle might still from his celestial abode, give the ments: yet, through the shocking in purities of the salutation of peace to his children, and address them in pagans, and the ambition of some erroneous teachers, the words, Paul, to the church of God which is at the Corinthian professors were led into inany disorders. Corinth. som Jesus Ladeiryuin 19 89mel 91 9w0 720 172 na al bis 1990ria sifa ano barato

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SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY,

Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan ; and they came

unto Haran, and dwelt there." Gen. xi, 31. ABRAHAM.

Haran was about three hundred miles, or half way

from Ur to Canaan, and in the north-west of Mesopo. The Call of Abraham.

tamia. Thus removed from the idolatries of Chaldea, ABRAHAM, “the father of the faithful,” and the and the infirmities of their aged father increasing friend of God,” in the early part of his life was an through fatigue, his dutiful children built a city in a idolater! But we have little certain information con- convenient situation, in which they settled for a season. cerning his character and habits, except what is con- To this they gave the name of Haran, or Charran, in tained in the address of Joshua to the people of Israel. commemoration of their elder brother, lately deceased And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the at Ur, before they commenced their journey. Their Lord God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other venerable parent, having attained a greater age than side of the flood, in old time, even Terah the father of most of his conteinporaries, did not long survive this Abraham and the father of Nachor : and they served event. “And the days of Terah were two hundred and other gods." Josh. xxiv, 2.

five years : and Terah died in Haran.” Ver. 32. Human biographers would have been likely to conceal Having comunitted to the earth the inortal remains of this reference to Abraham's character in early years, his revered father, Abram reflected upon the gracious while they traced his growing fitness for his future proinise which God had given when he commanded him elevation. But the riches of divine mercy shine more to leave his native land. Probably the Lord renewed eininently conspicuous, in recording the original and his assurance, in which he had formerly said, “I will the infirmities of the Scripture saints, while detailing make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and their progressive preparation to be exhibited as illus- make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing. trious worthies, holding cominunion with God. The And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them same sovereign grace, by which Paul was transformed that curse thee; aud in thee shall all the families of the from a mad persecutor to be an apostle of Christ, earth be blessed.” Gen. xii, 2, 3. wrought effectually in calling Abram from his idolatry The promise accompanying the Divine command to be a prophet of the Lord, the founder of his church, might seem obseure, and relating to things far too and the pattern of believers.

remote : obedience therefore required no ordinary At what precise period of his life Abram was “called measure of spiritual grace. Natural reason would by grace,' we are not clearly infornied: but probably suggest, that a settled habitation among friends or near many years before his removal from the city of his to them, was the most likely way to enjoy the Divine nativity. The Jews have a tradition that he was an blessing in a numerous posterity, so as to be the channel eminent preacher against the Chaldean idolatry, and of heavenly mercies to all nations: nor would the that he inveighed with so much zeal against the increas. enemy of souls fail to insinuate a doubt, whether the ing abominations of his countrymen, in worshipping vision of God were not a delusion of the fancy, as it fire and the heavenly bodies, that they threw him into prescribed conditions so painful, and embraced conse. a burning tiery furnace, but from which, by the Divine quences so distant and uncertain. A lively imagination power, he escaped unhurt. His ministry failed of its would pourtray the dangerous migration, with a nume. desired effect, in relation to his countrymen ; though rous household, through countries unknown. Still it appears to have been the means of the conversion of Abram was ready to tear himself from the nearest his father and of all his family.

connections, although uncertain what reception he Perhaps few can conceive the delightful satisfaction should meet with from a strange people, sunk perhaps which Abrain experienced, in seeing such blessed fruits in idolatry, and inore debased than his own countrynien of bis labours : yet our pious young readers may derive from whom he had been called: they might also be the greatest encouragement from it, to persevere in hostile to each other, and ready to sacrifice hiin as an their benevolent efforts, notwithstanding opposition, to intruder upon their territories. But Abrain believed bring their irreligious friends to a saving knowledge of the promises of God; and by this living faith, the mind that Redeemer, on whom they have believed for life of the patriarch was elevated, far superior to every ererlasting:

fleshly principle and every painful apprehension, and While his countrymen continued in their idolatry, secured against the influence of the malicious tempter. Abram enjoyed sacred communion with the “Father of He regarded siinply the gracious and imperative word spirits ;” and as Stephen observes, “the God of glory of God: as it is observed by an apostle“By faith appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran, and said which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed, unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy and went, not knowing” (and, having God for his guide; kindred ; and come into the land which I shall show not caring) " whither he went.” Heb. xi, 8. thee.” Acts vii, 2, 3. The principles of Abram were to Not for Abram's sake was this recorded; but as an be tried; and it was to be proved whether he loved God admirable example to us of lively faith and cheerful more than all his friends, and whether he could cheer. obedience. In affairs relating only to the present world, fully forsake all to go along with God.

prudential considerations may dictate to our young As to the mode of the Divine coinmunication with friends the propriety of seeking counsel from sagacious Abram, we are not particularly informed; but it was of friends; but in matters of religious obligation, in which such a kind, and with such efficacy, as to determine and the call and direction are evidently from God, hesitancy satisfy his mind. Abram communicated to his father and indecision are disobedience. True faith is prompt the subject of the commandment of the Lord, and to obey, rising as on the wings of an eagle to perform Terah believed in his divine commission. Having con- the revealed will of the Lord. fidence in the pious integrity of his son, Terah resolved Leaving his brother Nahor, and those who chose to immediately to forsake his native country, and yielded remain with hiin at Haran, “ Abram departed, as the obedience to the admonition of Heaven. On this ac- LORD had spoken unto him: and Lot went with him.' count, the inspired historian observes, “ And Terah and Abram was seventy and five years old when he detook Abrain his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's parted out of Haran. And Abrain took Sarai his wife, son, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that wife ; and they went forth with them from Ur of the they had gathered, and the souls that chey had gotten

in Haran ; and they went forth to go into the land of Secondly, What are we to understand by God's Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they caine." power? Gen, xii, 4, 5.

All power is of God: the ploughman tills the ground, “ Thus Abram, by Divine command,

not with his own strength, but with the strength that God Left his own house to walk with God.

gives to him. It is with God's strength that we walk, His faith beheld the promis'd land,

that we move: it is in God " we live, and move, and And fir'd his zeal along the road."

have our being.” But power here is employed as referring to the power by which men are®“ turned from darkness to light, to serve the living God;” by which

“ the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdom Sunday School Lectures.

of our Lord and of his Christ.” It is by God's strength

that our heart is changed, that sin is taken away, and LECTURE XII.

that we are inade fit for heaven: it is by God's strength FOR THINE 18 THE KINGDOM, THE POWER, AND THE

that the evil spirit is turned out of our hearts, and that

it is made a habitation fit for God himself: it is by GLORY, FOR EVER AND EVER.

God's strength that hereafter all wicked men shall be Teacher. This ascription of praise, glory, honour, cast into hell with Satan and his angels, and that the and power to God, seems peculiarly appropriate at the righteous hereafter shall be exalted into everlasting close of this prayer, after having asked God to forgive habitations. us our sins, to deliver us from so many dangers, and Whence comes all power? - From God. to crown us daily with loving-kindness and tender mer. By whose power do we walk? — By God's. cies. It begins with the word " for," which seems to By whose power are we turned from Satan to God? join this sentence to the preceding clause, “ deliver us

- By God's power. from evil;” and by that word much seems to be im- By whose power will all wicked men be hereafter plied : it seems to give the reason why we ask God to turned into hell, and the righteous exalted to heaven? protect us and to bless us, and to acknowledge that we

- By God's. are not able to deliver our own souls from the snare of Thirdly, What are we to understand by God's glory? the fowler, and that no man is able to redeem his bro. All things manifest God's glory: the world, the sun, sher: it seems to confess, that no strength less power- the moon, the stars, the sheep, the oxen, all things ful than Jehovah's is able to deliver: that no arm is animate and inanimate, were made for God's glory: able to save us, but that which is omnipotent, which the angels and archangels, and all the company of governs all nations and all powers, which sways a uni- heaven, were made to glorify God: the righteous are versal sceptre, whose is the glory of every good action,

exalted to heaven for God's glory; and Satan, his because by God's power every good and perfect deed is angels, and the wicked, when condemned to fiery toraccomplished; whose existence, power, kingdom, and ments, all show forth God's glory, because all things glory, last through all eternity:

were made by God, and “ for his glory they are and What does this word, “ for," at the beginning of this

were created.” clause, seem to imply! - That no power less mighty For whose glory were all things made? - For God's. than God's is able to deliver us from evil.

For whose glory were we made ? - For God's. Teacher. This subject is naturally divided into three

Teacher. This ascription of honour, glory, and power parts : God's kingdom, his power, and his glory.

to God, endo with the declaration that it shall last for First, What is God's kingdom ?

ever: and it seems to be spoken of by the Christian Teacher. We spoke of God's kingrom when we con- with a feeling of delight, it being his wish that God for sidered that portion of the Lord's prayer, “ Thy king- ever should be glorified. Now why do true believers dom come." "I then, you may remember, tried to show wish God to be glorified ? Because they themselves are you, that there were two kingdoms; one was the world, so connected with their Heavenly Father, that God ihe nations of the earth; and the other was within us, himself cannot be glorified without his children being viz. our own hearts. We there pray, that God's king- glorified also. Christ is the head, believers are the dom would come quickly. You may remember how I members : if the head be exalted, the members must explained this to you, by showing you, that a king may

also be exalted. Another reason is, because they love rule while there are enemies in his land; and I told God, and consequently it is a delight to them that he you, that when we said “thy kingdom come, should be glorified. A third reason is, because they prayed, that God's enemies may either be converted or

love their fellow-mortals, and desire to see them happy; be destroyed : both the enemies of God in this world, and man never can be happy until it is his desire that Satan and wicked men; and the enemies of God in our

God should be glorified. own hearts, bad thoughts and the corruption of our In what spirit does the Christian ascribe everlasting Dature. And I showed you moreover that we prayed, glory to his Maker! -- In a spirit of joy: that God's kingdom of grace, God's Holy Spirit, inay Why does every true believer desire that God should take up his abode in all hearts.

be glorified ? — Because the glorifying of God is the What are the two kingdoms here referred to? - The glorifying of himself; because he loves his God; bewhole world, and our own hearts.

cause he loves his fellow-mortals, and desires that they How do we reconcile these two passages, “Thy

also should be happy. kingdom come,” and “Thine is the kingdom ?" -- We Teacher. "Ye are not your own,” says the apostle, pray, when we say “Thy kingdom come,” that Satan ye are bought with a price; therefore glorify God in may be destroyed, and that wicked men may be con- your bodies, and in your spirits, which are his.” verted; that siu may be taken away froin our hearts, and that God may dwell within us.

Teacher. Then in answer to the question, “ What is God's kingdoin,

ON OUR REDEMPTION. we say, the whole world, and the heart of man; because God governs the whole world, We were created at a word, a breath; and all things are his, because all things were created Rodeemed with no less than blood and death. by biun; and the kingdom refers to our own hearts, O how much greater labour is it then God's casting out Satan, and ruling there himself.

To vinish a sinner than to make a man. - - Quarles.

we

Letters to a Mother, upon Education.

again and again at different intervals, will only serve to

tire and disgust him, and hence to retard his improveLETTER XXXIX.

ment. Such a practice will also have another bad effect RELIGION.

upon his own mind and upon yours, namely, the habit of On the Time at which Religious Instruction should begin,

familiarity with such topics, and hence a diminution of and of what it ought to consist during Childhood and

that respect to the subject, without which perfect ignoYouth.

rance of it were to be much preferred.

With regard to the nature of the religious knowledge Dear Madam,

to be communicated, this must of course depend I have now entered upon a range of throughout the whole progress upon the degree to which topics, which, you are well aware, is of far higher im- the powers of his understanding are developed. portance than any to which my preceding Letters have The first principles, as they are justly called, must related. Without religion, and without proper views of come first. The being of a God is the basis of all reli. it, yonr child can neither pass his time happily on earth, gion. Teach him however the mere simple idea, that as the faithful subject and dutiful offspring of his Hea. there is a Being who dwells in the heavens above him, venly Father, nor be prepared to be an instrument of who inade all things which he perceives. Let all your His glory and an object of His favour, in scenes of being, descriptions tend to communicate the idea that He is an and under dispensations of power, wisdom, and good- intelligent Person, and that although he dwells in the ness, yet to be unfolded.

heavens, and we cannot see Him, he can and always I have the happiness to know that you truly believe, does by night and by day see us. Avoid however, most that the Heavenly Father of all is the source of all good studiously, any views of this subject which are calcuof every kind to his offspring, and that he will especially lated to terrify him. Let him be taught that God sup. bestow a greater measure of his assistance to the moral plies him, yourself, and all mankind with our food, necessities of mankind, if they request it in the name of clothing, and dwellings, &c. Do all you can to make him his beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord.

conceive of God as a purely benevolent being. Seize I offer to him any petition in that prevailing name, the proper occasion, which will frequently occur, such as, that he would strengthen the powers of my understand- when it is fine weather, when a fruitful shower descends, ing and influence the affections of my heart, so that I when he has lately gathered beautiful flowers and deliinay be able to proffer useful counsel upon a topic, in cious fruit, whenever he is benefited and gratified, espewhich the honour of the Creator and the welfare of his cially through the more obvious bounties of Providence, creatures are so intimately concerned.

such as the productions of the ground, or when he With regard to the time at which religious instruction gazes upon a landscape rich in beauty and fruitfulness, (that is, a communication of the knowledge of the prin. upon such occasions remind him that all he admires and cipal doctrines of natural and revealed religion) should enjoys is the gift of his God. I should approve, that, begin, you are aware that a considerable difference of as an illustration of this subject to his mind, you should opinion obtains among the writers upon Education. embrace many an opportunity of telling him, especially Of course it cannot be till your child is able to speak, after he has been most signally benefited and beloved and for myself I must avow iny persuasion, that a con- by you, that it is his God that causes you to love him, siderable period of time ought to elapse even after that and to attend to him and supply him as you do. period. Could we possess the perfect command of cir- Let this grand and glorious truth, the exclusive benecumstances, that is, could we prevent all preoccupation volence of God, be most early and entirely established of the mind by what the child must, as it is, unavoidably in his mind, and you will thus prevent much superstihear and see connected with the subject, I could much tion, false terror, ignorance, and even crime in rather prefer that the powers of the understanding after-life. should have attained a considerable degree of maturity, I could wish that some time should elapse before and those of the affections a considerable measure of the recondite truths respecting our blessed Redeemer development, previous to the statement to him of those were submitted to his view. He may however be taught amazing truths which relate to the Author of our being, simply to think of Jesus Christ as the Son of God, who our relations towards him, and his designs towards loves little children. I doubt the advantage of his being ourselves; and for this plain reason, that it is impossi- very early taught the existence of even good angels. ble to convey distinct conceptions to him even upon the I suppose there can be no question as to the propriety first principles before that period, and that to attempt of teaching a child the existence and agency of the it will only end in discouraging him in the pursuit of fallen intelligences. I could wish that the account of knowledge, and blunting the powers of his understand- the introduction of evil should be unknown to him at the ing. The cardinal rule of education is, never to sub- same period, and for some time afterwards. He cannot mit any thing to a child's mind which he can. understand it: he will be sure to misunderstand it, and not perfectly comprehend; and acting upon this rule to derive from it injurious associations with the whole would, I believe, cause a postponement of the attempt subject. The preceding topics are enough: to teach to teach religion to a much later period than is generally them in proper gradations, and to teach them tho. suspected.

roughly, will occupy a year or two.

As to the mode by which these things are to be which the subject should be taught, appear to me of taught, if you will begin the religious instruction of considerable importance.

your child early, it must be entirely prescriptive; that The best time for it appears to me to be about one is, you must simply assert these things, and nerer atquarter of an hour before he begins his morning studies. teinpt to prove or give reasuns for them: all reasoning The subject, if attended to in a proper manner, will tend is lost, and the attempt to communicate it does harm to tranquillize and even strengthen his mind for his upon the mind of a child at this early period. Let your remaining duties.

manner during the lesson be serious, but tranquil, and Jt is however most important, that po instruction, as beware of aiming at an impressive manner on the occasuch, should ever be attempted to be communicated to sion. Teach, and do not awe your child: you will him at any other part of the day. Viewed in the light make him hate both religion and yourself, if you do. The of a lesson in religion (and what else can it be at his solemn dismal looks and sighs of parents when instructsupposed period of life?) to be recurring to the subject ing their children on these topics, have done incalcula

MSS....

ble injury in numerous instances. There is no reason

PUBLIC LIBRARIES OF EUROPE. whatever why (but all the contrary) you should depart on such occasions from your usual natural demeanor, The contents of the Public Libraries of Europe, which only of course somewhat more serious; this also being cannot amount to fewer than between seven and eight totally unuffected, for the child's sake and your own. hundred, have been estimated, by Maltbus, at 19,847,000 After all, the exhibition of religious truths to the mind, volumes. Of these contents, there are preserved in the though important, is secondary to the importance of

Volumes. habits. If I were required to sum up the whole science

Austrian States

2,220,000 of education in one sentence, it should be, the science

Prussian ...

997,000 of establishing desirnble habits. And how is this to be

Other German States

3,524,500 done? Not by propounding principles, but by the repetition of the acts of conduct which tend to the esta

The whole of Germany

6,741,500 blishinent of the habits in question. Men act from France

6,427,000 habit, not from principles. Principle may strengthen Great Britain

1,533,000 habits, and explain their utility, but the habits must be Russian Empire

890,000 first, and the principle comes afterwards. A virtuous

Italy

2,139,000 man ineans a man of virtuous habits, a religious man a man of religious habits. Thousands have the princi

17,720,000 ples, who have not the habits, and who, alas ! do not know their essential importance, and never seek them.

The six most considerable, and at the same time the They are consequently no better, as moral beings, for most valuable libraries in Europe, are the following: their religious knowledge. Hence they are astonished

Royal Library, Paris ... . volumes 450,000 and dismayed and discouraged, and say many things

MSS. ... 76,000 about the uncontrollable depravity of their natures.

526,000 They might justly be told, that the only fault is, they

Bodleian Library, Oxford, volumes 420,000 have not habits of morality and religion : that if they

30,000 wish to improve, they must acquire them : that these

450,000 are not acquired by the knowledge of principles, brit Royal Central, Munich ... volumes 400,000 by the repetition of separate aets : that it is not possible

MSS. ... 9,000 that mere principle, however wisely propounded or

409,000 deeply believed, should counteract habits. In a word, Vatican, Rome .... volumes 100,000 inculcate from the earliest period all the physical, intel

MSS. ... 40,000 lectual, and moral habits, which go to form a virtuous

140,000 and good man: at the proper time and in a proper University, Gottingen .... volumes 300,000 manner superadd the knowledge of the principles, of

MSS. ... 5,000 their desirableness and propriety. If you adopt a con

305,000 trary course, the result will infallibly mock your ex.

British Museum ....... pectation.

340,000 The contrary course is the grand error of religious education in general; and with deep regret, mingled however with confidence as to the correctness of MISSIONARY LABOURERS FOR BRITISH the argument, I may say, Look at the too general

AMERICA. results! I am, dear Madam, yours, &e.

Surely the claims of British America on the various CLERICUS. Missionary Societies in England are very great. Several

devoted men have been sent out to that important field

of labour, but we doubt whether its necessities have CHRISTIAN PROSPECTS IN INDIA. been duly considered. Emigration renders it increasFrom the Report of the Select Committee on the ingly interesting as a theatre of evangelical operations. Affairs of the East India Company,” we learn many

The following is the number of emigrants, as reported interesting particulars relating to the immense territory at the office of his Majesty's chief agent for emigrants in Asia subject to the crown of Great Britain. Chris- at Quebec, for the last four years. tian knowledge has begun to be diffused in a remarkable

1929. 1830. 1831. 1832. degree over those idolatrous regions, where the nations have long been sitting in darkness and the shadow of From England & Wales 3,565 6,799 1,013 17,481 death. The failure of Roman catholic missionaries is

Ireland....

9,614 18,300 34,133 28,204 acknowledged by themselves, and attested by other Scotland

2,643 2,450 5,354 5,500

N. Scotia & N. Brunsw. 123 451 424 wituesses , while the progress of the Protestants, of

546 different denominations, appears to be daily becoming

Other places

15 more successful. Their judicious plan is to establish schools, as well as preach the gospel, and translate and

15,945 28,090 50,254 51,746 circulate the Scriptures. Schouls they have established

Amounting altogether to 145,945 souls ! lamentably both in the north and south of India. The number of

deficient, probably, in Christian ordinances. scholars in Bengal alone amounts to about 50,000.

This general diffusion of instruction is produciog the best and most salutary effect, not only on the children A Vegetulle preferable to the Potatoe. - A new tueducated, but on the ininds of their parents and neigh- berous root has lately been introduced into this country hours, preparing them to receive the doctrines of salva- from Chili, called the Oxalis Crenata, which is said to tion by Jesus Christ. Female schools have also been be decidedly preferable to the potatoe. It bears a fine successfully established : at the different missionary yellow Rower, and is ornamental in the garden. A stations there were, in 1823, nearly 1,200 female chil. treasure so valuable demands the attention of every dren under instruction, and that number has progres- British horticulturist, and we should be glad to hear sively increased to 3,000.

further of this precious vegetable.

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