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FORMATION OF WILBERFORCE'S RELIGIOUS
blessings thus promised - I shall certainly find a sensi.
ble effect and change wrought within me, such as is CHARACTER.
thus described. I will put the matter to the proof, I The formation of such a religious character as that of will try the experiment, I will seek that I may find the Mr. Wilberforce, must be a subject of no ordinary promised blessings ! He did so: and the result was interest: and its history is given in a Funeral Dis. peace, and liberty, and victory; peace of conscience, course delivered at Hull, by the Rev. John Scott, M. A. and purified affections; deliverance from those sins From this we learn that Mr. Wilberforce had been which had ensnared him, or held him in bondage ; favoured with the instructions of the Rev. Joseph Mil- the victory that overcometh the world,' ind boldness ner, the pious author of the “History of the Church to confess Christ before men.' He had the witness of Christ;" and he attended the ministry of that faith- in hiinself,' I Johu v, 10; a sensible evidence, both that ful preacher of the gospel. His religious impressions the word of God is true, and that he had not in vain thus received, were deepened by residing in London sought the fulfilment of its promises in himself.” with a pivus uncle and aunt, who introduced him to Mr. Scott then makes this appropriate appeal : “And the excellent Mr. Newton, whose ministry they at- was not this, brethren, a truly rational proceeding? tended; but on his removal to college, or even before, Was it any other than a strictly correct application of as the Rev. Mr. Scott says, he declined from that the principle of the experimental philosophy? Bringseriousness which began to distinguish him. On enter- ing an alleged fact to the test of actual experience, ing into public life as a member of parliament, by the making a great and important experiinent, for the exLondon clubs and political meetings, his heart, it is press purpose of ascertaining whether its result was to be feared, was considerably drawn away from God, such as it was averred it would be? Let me say to you and turned aside to vanity, and his religious principles all, Go ye, and do likewise :' put the truth of tbe in some degree corrupted or underinined.' But the Divine asseverations to the test; ask such things as saine year at which we have arrived was, through God's God hath promised, with becoming seriousness, humercy, to furnish the occasion of his recovery, and to mility, and perseverance; and see now if it shall not lay the foundation of that holy and decidedly religious be unto you 'according to his word.' Be not content character, which he eventually maintained to the end to speculate upon matters so thoroughly practical, and of his days.
so nearly concerning your eternal welfare. Ask, that In the latter part of the year 1781, and again in ye may receive, and that your joy may be full.'” 1785, he travelled on the continent with a party of Now it was that Mr. Wilberforce, with these altered friends. The late Dean of Carlisle, Dr. Isaac Milner, feelings of mind, sought again the acquaintance of was his coinpanion in the same carriage : and here Mr. Newton; and in the winter of 1785-6, that he these highly-gifted friends discussed various interesting began, at Mr. N.'s recommendation, to attend the topics together. Religion was of the number : and on ministry of a revered relative of my own (Mr. Scott's une occasion Mr. Wilberforce having expressed respect father, the celebrated Commentator); which for many for a pious clergyman, but added, that he carried years he continued regularly to do, till a change of his things too far," his friend pressed him upon this point. situation in life obliged him to become only an oc“What did he mean by carrying things too far, or being casional, instead of a constant hearer. too strict? On what ground did be pronounce this to Thus may be said to have been completed the settlebe the case? When we talked of going too fur, some ment of Mr. Wilberforce's principles and character ; standard must necessarily be referred to: was the stan- and by such gifts of nature, such a process of educadard of Scripture exceeded? or could any other stan- tion and training, and such influences of divine grace, dard be satisfactorily adopted and maintained? Per- was the foundation laid for all that was to follow. haps it would not easily be shown that where things were carried, as it was alleged, too far, they were
DISINTERESTEDNESS OF CHRISTIANITY. carried beyond the rules of Scripture, but only beyond what was usually practised and approved among Lord Chesterfield, who adorned conversation by his wit, men!”
as much as he impaired it by his principles, has defined Mr. Wilberforce, when thus pressed by his friend, politeness to be “the art of pleasing." St. Paul recomendeavoured to explain and defend his position as well mends with as much warınth as his Lordship the duty as he couhl: ont he was dissatisfied himself with what of pleasing our neighbours: but here the two moralists he had to offer: in short, he felt that his own notions part. The noble writer would have us please others to on the subject were vague and untenable. A lodginent benefit ourselves : all his precepts originate and termiwas thus inade in his conscience; matter for serious nate in that one object - self. The Christian writer thinking was suggested; and his thoughts could find directs us to please others for their highest good, their 110 rest till they found it froin the word of God, and moral edificativi. The essence of the worldly code of the adoption of a scriptural standard, by which to form ethics is selfishness: that of the Christian is disinterestall his judgments and regulate all his conduct.
edness. There is a generosity in Christian intercourse, Another incident in the history of his mind at this the very reverse of that little narrow spirit ascribed to period, as related by himself, is not less interesting and it by those who do not kuow or do not love it. True instructive than the preceding : “As I read,” said he, religion keeps the whole man in order, whether he be “the promises of Holy Scripture, 'Ask and ye shall engaged in business or in company: it sheds its benign receive, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall be iniluence far beyond its own sphere, and by a reflex light opened unto you ;' God will give the Holy Spirit to casts a ray on actions to which it has no inmediate rethem that ask hiin; ‘Come unto me, all that labour ference. The Christian uses his talents temperately, and are heavy-ladeu, and I will give you rest ;' 'I will aud had rather not shine at all, than shine at the extake away the heart of stone, and give you the heart of pense of another. The religious man finds means for flesh;' 'I will put my laws in your hearts, and write the exercise of many Christian virtues without descantthem in your inward parts ; ' I will be merciful unto ing on them
- candour, charitable construction, patheir uprighteousness, and their sins and iniquities will I tience with the less enlightened and temper with the remember no more.'' As I read these passages, it oc- Icss forbearing, a scrupulous veracity, an in violable curred to me to reflect - If these things be so — if there sincerity, a watchful guard against every vain thought be any truth in all this — and if I set myself to seek the and every light expression.
UNWARRANTED CONFIDENCE IN DIVINE
rified saints. Scriptural views of the Divine mercy MERCY.
through Christ Jesus, and the inspired representations Sir,
of the Christian's heaven, should be offered to those What replies are most suitable to make to
who are mistaken and deluded, that they also, by the those persons, who, amid the ills of life, endeavour to
grace of the Holy Spirit, may be brought to seek and solace themselves with the mercy of God and the pro
obtain salvation and eternal glory, the gifts of God mises of the Gospel, yet evince no disposition to love
through the Divine Redeemer. God or obey his commandments? An answer to the above in your valuable Magazine will much oblige
CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE OF THE TRUTH OF A CONSTANT Reader.
REVELATION. Our Correspondent supposes a case, inany examples of which are found in our Christian country. I hey are
(From the Diary of a departed Christian.) most truly distressing to the minds of decided, intelli
There are seasons, when the internal evidences of the gent, spiritually-minded followers of the Redeemer; for
Bible, as a revelation from God, are so strong and irrethey know, that whatever references any may make to
sistible on the Christian's inind, and the truths which the mercy of God, “without holiness no mau shall see
that blessed volume unfolds come with such energy the Lord,” and that “
except a man be born of the and unction on the soul, that not to recognize the in. Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God ;”
fluence of the Spirit of God in his word, would be to “ for our God,” who is “glorious in holiness,” is also
doubt the evidence of the senses. How sweet is it to “a consuming fire.” At the same time, they require
hold communion with God, when he vouchsafes to visit to be treated with peculiar tenderness and discretion, as the soul, and then to have fellowship with the Father well as faithfulness.
and with his Son Jesus Christ ! — when the work of the Replies" to their observations are not sufficient; Spirit on the heart sweetly leads us to Jesus, and nor is controversy to be recommended. Sympathizing through Jesus the Mediator to God! — when the veil kindness, inculcating the grand principles of the gospel seems for a while withdrawn, which hides the unseen of Christ, will be the most likely means of effectual
but not unfelt realities of another world from us! conversion of the mind from that state of delusion : but and God, speaking to us by his word, so applies some still, every effort to lead the heart to God, embracing part of it to us, so fixes and lays it on our hearts, that his salvation by Jesus Christ, will be utterly ineffectual we can say, “ It is our Father's message to us !” How without the gracious influences of the Holy Spirit. careful ought we to be to cultivate a spirit to receive
Amictions demonstrate the fallen condition of man- these whispers of mercy. How much do we lose by kind. Misery, under the government of God, infinitely not keeping a listening ear and an attentive heart when wise, powerful, and good, could not possibly exist but God is willing to speak with us. Communion with God! as the consequence of guilt. Divine revelation incul. Yes, the believer knows what it is: it is no vain abstraccates this doctrine in every page, and exhibits the Son
tion, no heated enthusiasm of the imagination, as the of God, in the character of Mediator, securing by his cold philosopher may scoffingly think, death, as a sacrifice of atonement for sin, a channel for Oh! my God and Father : draw me up to hold that the communication of eternal mercy. Every reference
blessed and soul elevating intercourse with thee, which to the mercy of God and to the promises of the gospel, thou givest at thy own sovereign pleasure to those who on the part of those enduring " the ills of life," should seek thee! Why are thy visits, 0) upy Saviour, so short be encouraged; but at the same time, every possible
and so distant? 'Are they too ravishing for our earthmeans, in a sympathizing spirit of kindness, should be
liness to bear? Canst thou not enlarge our capacities employed to direct the sufferer to the atonement of even here to receive more of thy communicable fulness, Christ, as the only medium of our personal reconcilia- and to apprehend some brighter revelation of thy untion with God, and as the only ground of our appro
created glory? Why, O my soul! dost thou not pant priation of his promises.
after this sweet and heavenly communion more? The “We are all hoping in the same mercy of God, and
Spirit and the bride say, Come. O let me re-echo, Come expecting the same heaven,” is the language of many
Lord Jesus ! But I have tasted that the Lord is grawho appear to be altogether uninfluenced by the Spirit cious. I have sat under his shadow with great delight, of Christ. Persons of a worldly spirit, as our Corre
and his banner over me has been love. And though spondent writes, “evincing no love to God, or obe
here still constrained often to walk without the full sundience to his commandments," however they may some- shine of my Saviour's presence, though here still obliged times, in the season of afliction, speak of the mercy of to see only through a glass darkly, yet let me be thankGod, or of heaven, are unhappily and fatally mistaken.
ful for what I do know of God. Blessed thought! to be The mercy with which they endeavour to solace them- able to say in the assurance of faith, “I know that it is selves, is merely deliverance from their present suffer- my Father who is in heaven! I know that my Redeemer ings and inisery, and the heaven which they expect is
liveth! and that the Spirit of God is my Comforter !" some undescribed place of exemption from calamity
It is the seal and witness of greater bliss ; for whom he and sorrow, in the enjoyment of ease and gratification. loveth, he loveth to the end; and he who has begun the It may not be the sensual Paradise of Mohammed, nor good work will carry it on to perfection, to that blessed the fancied Elysium of the Greeks, but it is not the
consummation when faith shalì be swallowed up in open heaven of the Scriptures.
vision, and the full splendours of eternity burst on the The hope of the Christian is "the mercy of our
transported soul! Here let me live the life of faith Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life;" embracing the upon the Son of God. Nothing can be too humble to full pardon of sin, spiritual peace with God, and a
think of myself, nothing too high of my Saviour. O for lively sense of his sovereign kindness in granting deli.
a thankful, quiet, confiding spirit! May I rest in bis verance from deserved condeinnation by the sufferings love, knowing that God is love; and that he who hath of the Redeemer. The heaven which the Christian ex- not withheld his only-begotten Son, how will he not pects is an eternal Sabbath of spiritual, holy, delightful
with him freely give us all things! And I ascribe to exercises, with all bis glorified powers in the active God Almighty, Father, Son, and Spirit, all glory, worship and service of God in his immediate presence,
blessing, and adoration, now and evermore. Amen. and in the blessed society of myriads of angels and glo
EXTENT AND DREADFUL EFFECTS OF
the colonies; and that at the last computation there
were 22 synods, Ul presbyteries, 1,800 ministers, 2,500 INTEMPERANCE.
churches, and 233,000 members. The object of the The quantity of spirits which pay duty for home con
letter was to obtain an interchange of yearly reports sumption in this kingdom has more than doubled within
between the two churches, and the consent of the Se. a few past years. According to Parliamentary Returns
cession to hold prayer - meetings in all her different made in 1831, it amounted to 27,719,999 gallons at
churches for the conversion of the world, on the first proof, which, with the addition of one-sixth for the
Monday of January next.
“ Dr. Cox then rose, and gave a general account of reduction of strength by retailers, amounted to 16,736,7121. 108. 8d.; and this sum does not include
the state and prospects of the Presbyterian church in any part of the many millions of gallons known to be
the United States, remarking, that the discussions illicitly distilled, or imported without paying duty.
which prevailed among them were respecting the metaThe Pours' Rates and County Rates, for England
physics rather than the facts of religion, and that the and Wales only, amount annually to 8,000,0001. The
ministers of the church might all be called Calvinists proportion of this expenditure occasioned by drinking
in their title, however they might differ in various may be most safely estimated at two-thirds, say
shades of opinion respecting it. With respect to the 5,333,333l. ; which, added to the cost of spirits alone,
support of ministers, he said that they were all libe. 16,736,7121 , gives the sum expended by this nation,
rally supported by the people, and mentioned, as one in the last five years, on these two objects only, at
instance among many, that when his health obliged 110,350,2251.; amounting, in only twenty years, to
him to visit Europe, his congregation unanimously more than 440,000,0001. sterling ; without including
offered not only to continue his salary, but to pay the any computation for the enormous sums consumed in
expenses of his voyage, and farther, to support any the abuse of wine and beer, the expenses of prosecu
successor he might naine in his absence. There was tions, the injury done to our foreign trade, the loss of
not a minister, he said, who wished support from the shipping, and the notorious destruction of property in
State, and the man who said they did would everywhere various other ways.
be treated as a calumniator." It has been estimated, that four-fifths of all the Crimes in our country have been committed under the excitement of liquor. During the last year, 32,636 TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF THE LATE persons were taken into custody by the Metropolitan Police for drunkenness alone; not including any of the
W. WILBERFORCE, ESQ. numerous cases in which assaults or more serious
Among the tributes paid to his memory, we copy a offences have been committed under the influence of
Resolution of the Committee of the Church Missionary drinking: and it should be observed, that this state
Society, passed on the 12th of August:ment relates only to the suburbs of London, without any calculatiou for the thousands of cases which oc
Resolved, That in recording the death of Mr. Wilcurred in the city itself.
berforce, a Governor and Vice-President of the Society Excessive drinking is the principal cause of our
from its formation, the Committee cannot but testify Parochial Expenses. Of 143 inmates of a London their strong sense of the valuable services rendered by parish workhouse, 105 had been reduced to that state him, on numerous occasions, to this Institution; and, by intemperance; and the small remainder comprises
while they bow with submission to the will of our all the blind, epileptic, and idiotic, as well as all the Heavenly Father in removing him, they would offer aged poor, some of whom would also drink to intoxica- up unfeigned thanksgiving, in acknowledgment of the tion if opportunity offered.
benefits which it has pleased God to bestow on their More than one half of the Madness in our country is country and on mankind, by the rare endowments occasioned by drinking. Of 495 patients admitted in which He granted to that distinguished man — by the four years into a lunatic asylum at Liverpool, 257 were singular opportunities of wide and commanding inknown to have lost their reason by this vice.
fluence opened to him -- and especially by that gracious power of the Holy Spirit on his heart, which enabled him, for a long course of years, under the
constraining influence of the love of Christ, to direct ADVANCEMENT OF RELIGION IN AMERICA. his talents, with sincere aim and unblemished cha
racter, to the glory of God, in labouring for the Dr. Cex, of New York, has been on a visit to England present and eternal good of his fellow-men: and the during the past summer, for the improvement of his Committee unfeignedly, rejoice that this eminent health. The object of his voyage across the vast At- servant of Christ was allowed to witness, before his lantic, to the land of his fathers, having, through the eyes were closed on this world, the near consummaDivine blessing, been happily realized, he has returned
tion, so far as this country is concerned, of that object home to his fainily and his pastoral duties. During his
to which, with unwearied perseverance and unsubvisit to Scotland, he attended the “ United Associate dued fortitude, he had devoted all the best years of his Synod,” while that reverend body was deliberating on a life the Liberation of Africa and her Children from Memorial respecting the Observance of the Sabbath. their bonds." To this a reference is made in the following account.
“ The Rev. Dr. Cox, a member of the Presbyterian church of the United States, having entered during
ON THE SUN AND STARS. Dr. Ritchie's address, it was proposed to adjourn the further consideration of the memorial, and take into Our dying Saviour's like the setting sun : consideration the letter which had been transmitted
His saints on earth are like the stars of night. from the General Assembly of the American Presby- Experience tells us, till the sun be gone, terian Church. The letter was accordingly read. It The stars appear not with their glistening light. gave an interesting account of the progress of Presby- Till sun-set we discern no stars at all: terianisın in America, and states, that in the year 1704 The saints receive their glory in his fall. there were only six Presbyterian ministers throughout
TO THE MEMORY OF MR. WILBERFORCE.
Threefold reigns the heavenly host,
The Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. What is the charın of swcetest, holiest worth,
Human watch from harm can't ward ye, To him who loves with early dawn to muse
God will watch and God will guard ye ; O'er nature brightening into daylight hues,
He, through his eternal might, Giving each form of grace and grandeur birth,
Send you all a blessed night. As if all things were new in heaven and earth?
Oh! 'tis a charm we feel but cannot name ;
THE RECORD OF PROVIDENCE;
Or, the Government of God displayed, in a series of A thought within the heart, that God is nigh.
interesting Facts from Sacred and Profane History. So, WILBËRFORCE, thy zeal for man below
By the Rev. John Young, author of "Scripture BaWas more than earth-born love of humau-kind; lances,” &c. &c. 12mo. cloth. London, Houlston And souls that kindled in thy burning glow,
and Son. Felt 'twas the Saviour's sunlight on the mind. DIVINE PROVIDENCE is awfully mysterious. But it M. G. S. Christian Observer.
being the government of Him who is “ tvo wise to err and too good to be unkind," a devout contemplation of his righteous direction of all affairs in the world, must
be of incalculable advantage to the Christian. Our POPULAR HYMNS IN GERMANY.
blessed Lord has assured his disciples, " In the world
ye shall have tribulation;" and, as an apostle has deGERMANY, as inany of our readers are aware, has fear- clared, “Now for a season, if need be, ye are in heavi. fully sunk into a kind of infidel scepticism. Deism was ness through manifold temptations,” &c. 1 Pet. i, 6, 7. rendered fashionable at the German courts by Joseph II, Illustrations of Providence occupy a large portion of emperor of the Romans, and Frederick I, king of
the Holy Scriptures; and the principles of faith, and Prussia, and their influence on the continent was ex- hope, and resignation, in the ancient saints of God, are tensive and lasting. Nevertheless, the pious writings coinmended to us in this manner by inspiration. Mr. of Arndt, Spener, Frank, Gerhard, and other of the
Young bas industriously collected a most edifying numGerman Pietists, were scattered widely, and still pos. ber and variety of facts, which we have no doubt will sessed by many who read them with a lively and saving be read by many with considerable delight and profit. interest. Their evangelical hymns, too, in a great va. We shall have occasion again to refer to this interesting riety of metres, amounting it is said to seventy thousand, volume. while those used in England by every denomination amount to only about five thousand, are sung by many in humble life, doubtless with melody in their hearts.
AWFULLY INSTRUCTIVE DISCOVERY. Surely these will be the means, in connection with the circulation of the Scriptures, of a revival of religion
Sanguinary examples, in deterring from crime, have in that iminense district of the Continent, under the
been found fearfully deficient in efficacy. Of this we gracious influence of the Holy Spirit. Our Readers
have a most affecting illustration in the following:will form some idea of their popular hymns from a
“ The Rev. Mr. Roberts, of Bristol, in his visits to
prisons in England from time to time, has fallen in TRANSLATION OF A GERMAN WATCHMAN'S SONG. with many convicts under sentence of death. In 167
instances he inquired of the malefactor whether he had Hark ye, neighbours, and hear me tell,
ever witnessed an execution. It turned out that no Ten now strikes on the belfry bell.
fewer than 164 out of 167 condemned offenders had Ten are the holy commandments given
been spectators in the crowd upon these melancholy To man below from God in heaven. Human watch from harı can't ward ye,
occasions, which the legislature designed to operate as God will watch and God will guard ye.
warnings to the profligate.
A WORTHY EXAMPLE.
London Missionary Society. - The Rev. Robert Cotton
Mather and the Rev. John Adam Schürman, with their Hark ye, neighbours, and hear me tell,
wives, sailed from Portsmouth, on the 9th of July, in Twelve resounds from the belfry bell.
the “ Alexander,” Captain G. Waugh, for Calcutta, on Twelve disciples to Jesus came,
their way to join the mission in Benares : on the day Who suffer'd rebuke for their Savivur's name.
after they sailed, the Directors received the following Human watch, &c.
Letter, with its enclosure. Hark ye, neighbour3, and hear me tell,
"Observing in the Evangelical Magazine for this One has struck on the belfry bell.
month, that God is opening a door for his truth to enter One God above is Lord indeed,
at Benares, East Indies, and believing that, if truth enWho bears us forth in the hour of need.
ters, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, darkness must, Human watch, &c.
though reluctantly, retire; and wishing all possible suc
cess to your efforts in sending missionaries to such dark Hark ye, neighbours, and hear me tell,
regions; enclosed you will receive 4001. in aid of the Two resounds on the belfry bell.
saine, from a well-wisher to the universal spread of Two paths before mankind are free;
London ; Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Puppin's Court, Hark ye, neighbours, and hear me tell,
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid), Three now strikes on the belfry bell.
should be addressed; - and sold by all Booksellers and News en la ibe United Kingdom.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
October 26, 1833.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND son, POPPIN'S COURT, FLET SIREKT, LONpox.
the world, when taken in the year 146 before the
Christian era, and pillaged and burnt by the legions of ANCIENT CORINTH was one of the most illustrious Rome. Mummius, the Roman consul, allowed his cities of Greece. In some respects it has been con- troops to ransack the city; when they destroyed the sidered superior even to Athens. Sacred, as well as most valuable pictures and the statues, the works of profane history, celebrates it for its splendour; and as the greatest masters. Many inestimable pieces of the the seat of learning, luxury, and voluptuousness. Co- most famous painters and statuaries fell into the hands rinth is said to have been founded in the time of Moses, of the ignorant soldiers, who either destroyed them, or about the year 1514 before the advent of Christ, by parted with them for trifles. Polybius, the historian, Sisyphus, the son of Eo!us and grandfather of Ulysses. was an eye.witness to this barbarisin of the Romans.
Beautifully situated on the southern part of the He had the mortification to see two of them playing at isthmus, which joins the Peloponnesus to the con. dice on a famous picture of Aristides, which was actinent, about sixty stadia, or seven miles and a half counted one of the wonders of the world. The piece from the sea on each side, commerce flourished at was a Bacchus, so exquisitely finished, that it was proCorinth as a convenient mart; and hence it became verbially said of any extraordinary performance, “ It is adorned with the most sumptuous buildings: temples, as well done as the Bacchus, of Aristides." This theatres, porticoes, and palaces, adorned this city; and master-piece of painting, however, the soldiers will. the peculiar style displayed in the columns with which ingly exchanged for a more convenient play-table; but the public edifices were enriched, occasioned that order when the spoils of Corioth were put up to sale, Attalus, of architecture to be denominated from the city Co- king of Pergamus, offered for it 600,000 sesterces, rinthian.
nearly 5,0001. sterling. It was carried to Roine, and Statues for temples and palaces, and all the liberal lodyed in the temple of Ceres. The city breing arts, were brought to their greatest perfection at Co. thoroughly pillaged, fire was set to it in many places, rinth. All the European and Asiatic princes, who had which produced a prodigious conflagration. At this any taste in painting and sculpture, furnished them- time the gold, silver, and brass, which the Corinthians selves here with their richest moveables.
had concealed, were melted, and ran down the streets Corinth was considered one of the strongest cities in in streams; which, when the flames were extinguished, Vol. II.