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And who then is willing to consecrate his service this tinguished female, Hannah More, to consecrate their day unto the Lord? Then the chief of the fathers and talents to the despised Nazarene? princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of The original genius and transcendant powers of Hall thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the would have rendered hiin popular in any sphere of life, king's work, offered willingly, and gave for the service whether of politics or literature. The rank of Row. of the house of God, of gold five thousand talents and land Hill, the peculiar cast and playfulness of his ten thousand drams, and of silver ten thousand talents, genius, qualified him for a very different sphere from that and of brass eighteen thousand talents, and one hundred in which he moved, le inight have shone as a courtier thousand talents of iron." I Chron. xxix, 3—7. and distinguished wit. And surely the most captious
Eight thousand talents of gold, thus given addi- of thein cannot attribute other than disinterested tionally by the king and his nobles, as above, would motives to the names of Wilberforce and Hannah ainount to 40,606,2501. and seventeen thousand talents More. O ye disciples of the ineek and lowly Jesus, of silver at the price above stated would amount to ye young Christians especially, allow one of your nuin6,011,0581. 68. 8d.; and the whole sums thus contri. ber to implore of you, if at any time ye grow buted amounted to 907,787,1001.!!
sceptical in your minds, to weigh the matter well. Surely what these lofty spirits deemned worthy of their
choice, is worthy of our calm and dispassionate inquiry. THE REMOVAL OF GREAT AND GOOD MEN.
la their esteem, Jesus Christ was altogether lovely.
They were not ashamed of his cross; to them his service ADAMANTINE indeed must be the heart and sensibilities was perfect freedom. No prospects of sublunary joy of those, who are unaffected by the recent removal of could compensate for the absence of his favour and so many distinguished men. Verily, death has achieved blessing. They fully embraced the realities of his a mighty victory, in taking so many "to the house divine mission. His promises upheld them under the appointed for all living :” death has taken from our most trying circumstances; and the prospect of eternal hemisphere, men of high moral worth, of splendid glory sustained their souls, when the soul could no intellectual attainments, and of unfeigned piety. Who longer sustain the body, that has listened to the glowing eloquence, and ob- 3. God prolonged their lives, until they were emi. server the unassuming and childlike piety of Robert nently useful. Hall, but has felt he was treading on holy ground, The procedure of the Supreme Being is at all times when the man of God “reasoned' on righteousness, connected with his sovereignty and wisdom : though temperance, and judgment to come?” Who that is mortal eye and finite capacity are frequently unable to familiar with the practical lessons, and moral and trace its equity. “Clouds and darkness are round religious sentiments of Wilberforce and Hannah More, about hiin: righteousness and judgment are the habitahas not found in his heart a response to their powerful tion of his throue.” When he removes youthful disappeals ? I may add, also, the names of Adam Clarke, ciples of talent, zeal, and promising usefulness, to a preRowland Hill, Thorpe, Watson, Winter, Wood, and mature grave, his sovereignty and wisdoin harmonize. others--names associated with whatever is sublime, But when he lengthens out their being, it is profitable honourable, lovely, and praiseworthy.
and advantageous for the church. Thus it was with Far be it from me merely to eulogize the dead : 1 these fathers in Israel whose departure we are now would look at them as their characters set forth the contemplating ; all of them were eminently useful, and gospel of Jesus Christ, as the lustre of his imitable soine of them spared to far advanced years. Who can perfections shone in them, and as the Holy Ghost tell of the good effected through their instrumentality? developed his graces and operations.
Who can tell their influence in the extended circles in 1. Their removal is loss to others, but gain to them- which they moved ? They advocated the cause of selves.
humanity, they promoted the best interests of the opThey have occasioned a wide breach in the world, pressed, and made a bold stand for priinitive and and especially in the church. Hundreds of thousands genuine Christianity, where luxury, vice, neutrality, will mourn because of thein, in whose esteem their and scepticism, prevailed to a fearful extent. They names are sacred and their memory is blessed. But despised the trappings of fashion and aristocratic dig. the living feel the loss; to them, “ death is gain." nity, and “chose rather” the permanent joys of reHere they partook of common frailties, and suffered ligion. They advocated with eloquence and zcal the the lot of all men; now they have reached the haven of heaven-horn principles of liberty and toleration, when eternal blessedness. Here they appeared in rays; now assailed by bigotry and intolerance; and their graphic they are clothed in robes of unfading beauty. Here illustrations of theological truth, and laborious biblical they were mortal and corruptible; now they are im. criticisms, are in perishable as the language in which mortal and incorruptible. Here they were afflicted they wrote. and cast down ; now they chant the endless praises of But the good effected by the Holy Ghost through their exalted Head. O happy spirits !
“God hath their instruinentality, cannot be unfolded by the annals wiped away all tears.” Now you breathe a purer of the biographer. The hearts and consciences of atmosphere. Now you enjoy a nobler s'ate of being. living inen, the records of futurity, can alone ades “Having been faithful over a few things, God hath quately develop their eminent usefulness. They have made you rulers over inany things.”
obtained bloodless victories over “the world, the flesh, 2. They furnish an illustration of the divine character and the devil;” they have effected in the hearts of inen a of Christianity.
inoral revolution; where sin and darkness had dominaIt has long been the boast of sceptical writers, that tion, Christ has swayed his peaceful sceptre. O what superiority of intellect was on their side, and that honour conferred on mortals, to be the means of saving where rare abilities have been found among Christian immortal souls, to rescue man from outer darkness, writers, they have been interested men. Without and from irretrievable perdition! What is the wreath of referring to past ages or to present times, I maintain, fame compared to this? What are the dying laurels of there are names inentioned above, which fully refute the hero, compared to the salvation of a soul? this infidel chirnera. What but pure motives and 4. All men die, “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, honest conviction, could prompt such men as Robert to-day, and for ever." Hall, William Wilberforce, Rowland Hill, and that dis- Solomon says, “To the righteous and the wicked it
THEM THAT TRESL'ASS AGAINST US.
happeneth alike ;” but, says a greater than Solomon, Even to such a degree have we often loved them, as “Jam he that liveth, and was dead; and behold I ain to risk our immortal souls on the brink of everlasting alive for evermore.” The channels may be directed in fire ! a new course, but the fountain-head is the same. What is sin?“The transgression of the law.” Christians, who have been the ornament and delight of In what word has St. Paul summed up the whole their own circle, are taken from our world, but “Jesus lawi --“Love." Christ is the same." Ministers, who have been the joy Is, then, whatsoever is contrary to love or Christian of their congregations and churches, are called away, charity sin? - Yes. but “Jesus Christ is the same.” He is the head of How has God loved us? - So as to give his Son. the church, controls all things, and his resources are How have we regarded God's commandments? - We inexhaustible. In his own good time, others will be have broken them. raised up to accomplish his purposes, and to advance What do we deserve for having thus sinned? - We the interests of his everlasting kingdom.
have deserved God's anger. Blessed Saviour ! “Ride forth conquering and to 2dly. We may notice that our Saviour speaks of forconquer,” subdue the nations to thyself, hästen the giveness God is love; “He willeth not the death of latter-day glory; and may every fabric of superstition, a sinner, but rather that he should be converted and vice, error, and bigotry, be levelled to the ground, live.” God is provoked every day, yet his mercy enand on its ruins may there be established thy everlasting dureth for ever; surely God is love: he has shown us kingdom !
that he is love, by Christ's death. Who would have City Read.
given his only Son to die for us, but a God full of love and tender mercy? We may see that God is luve, in
his dealings with imen, with the Israelites of old, with Sunday School Lectures.
our first parents, when they sinned in the garden of
Eden. We may see that God is love in his dealings with LECTURE X.
ourselves, that he has not already destroyed us, that we
are yet alive, such great sinners, enjoying all the neAND FORGIVE US OUR TRESPASSES, AS WE FORGIVE
cessaries and comforts of life, living in a land flowing
with milk and honey, with the hope of a bright home This is a very remarkable passage of the Lord's beyond the skies, where all tears and sorrows shall be prayer. We are here taught to pray, that God would wiped away. Surely there is forgiveness with God, and forgive us our sins, as we forgive our friends and by that forgiveness God dues show himself to be love. neighbours their offences against ourselves : as if it What is God? - God is love. were of no avail to pray to God to forgive us our How has God shown himself to be love? - By giving manifold sins, until we had forgiven others their of- Christ his Son to die for us, and by his daily mercies fences against ourselves. And indeed, if we do not towards us. forgive the faults of others freely, how can we utter What are God's great mercies towards us? --- That this prayer? for we ask God to forgire us, as, in the we are not now in a state of torment, but that we have same manner as, in the saine degree as, we forgive the hope of everlasting happiness. others; if then we do not freely forgive others their 3dly. There is the spirit in which we ought to pray sins, and yet utter this prayer to our God, we are mentioned. surely bringing upon ourselves condemnation; in other We must come in the spirit of love and charity to words, praying God not to forgive us our sins.
God; we must have love in our hearts towards one What is the meaning of the word
another; we must come in love, tu the throne of the Offences.
God of love. This prayer Christ evidently framed only What do we ask for, when we utter this petition ? for true worshippers, only for those who had a right We ask God to forgive us our sins, in the same manner spirit renewed in thein. Hatred and malice are the as we forgive others their offences towards ourselves. fruits of the natural heart; love is ouly the fruit of the
Many are the inportant points which this portion Spirit working in the renewed heart. "How well God's of our Lord's prayer presents to our minds.
word agrees : David says, “If I regard iniquity in my Ist. It speaks of sin, or "trespasses."
heart, the Lord will not bear me;" and do we not find “Sin,” St. Paul tells us, “is the transgression of the here a similar declaration ? And with what power of law,” or the disobeying of God's commandments; and language is that precept here inculcated, “Thou shalt the law, or these commandments, Christ has briefly love thy neigbour as thyself.” suinmed up, “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with In what spirit njust we pray to God? - In a spirit of all thy heart, and with all thy mind," and "Thou shalt love towards all inen. love thy neighbour as thyself.” But an apostle, in- For whom did Christ fraine this prayer?- For true spired by the Holy Spirit, has summed the law up in worshippers, for those who worship the Father in spirit one word, for he has declared that "love is the fulól. and in truth. ling of the law:" "Love" then is the word, which What are the fruits of the natural heart? - Hatred, the whole of God's cominandınents are comprised. malice, bitterness, evil speaking. Whatsoever, then, we do, that is contrary to Christian What are the fruits of the renewed heart? - Love, love or charity, is sin. “God so loved us, that he gave and joy, and peace, by the Holy Ghost. his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him With what two other precepts does this portion of should not perish, but have everlasting life.” If God the Lord's prayer inore particularly agree? -“Thou has so loved us, would it not be a great sin against love shalt love thy neighbour as thyself," and, “If I regard on our parts, not to do what he commands us? Are iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me.” we, then, not guilty of vile ingratitude ? How often 4thly. How are all to obtain the spirit of love. It is have we offended! God has said, “Thou shalt love not natural to us; “ love is of God," and pot of man; it thy neighbour as thyself,” and “Thou shalt love me is not to be obtained by riches, nor by any self-righteous with all thy heart.” How often have we broken these deeds, whether of giving money to the poor (by some two commandments of God! How often have we loved called charity, but in too many instances it is self-love), the world, ourselves, and worldly pleasures, better than or of penance, or by any such ineffectual and foolish our God, better than our neighbour, better than heaven!
But God's word tells us the way: “Ask, and ye shall receive; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and “ In conclusion," it is said, “if one thing gives the it shall be opened.” “Whatsoever ye shall ask the chaplain inore pain than another, in his efforts to save Father in my name,” says Christ, “that will he give froin ruin, it is with respect to female convicts; when you.” If then we wish to have that love in our hearts they (being chaste) leave a prison, and have no friends which is of God, we must ask him for it through the at hand to protect them, they shortly return to prison merit of Christ Jesus.
in another character, having no other resource but to How may we obtain truc charity? - By prayer. throw themselves into that vast mass of prostitution, Teacher. Ask, then, that your joy may be full. which is growing to au ainount so enormous, and infect
ing the population of this great city with a moral pollu
tion so extensive, as to paralyze, and almost to destroy, DEPRAVITY OF THE BRITISH METROPOLIS.
its mightiest counteracting energies.” The following statement relative to the mass of depravity in the British metropolis, will surely plead for Christian Instruction Societies.
EXPLANATION OF ROM. XII, 3–5. “The General Annual Report of His Majesty's Jus
(In answer to a Correspondent.) tices of the Peace for the County of Middlesex," for 1832, states, that “ TWELVE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED Dr. DODDRIDGE's translation and paraphrase will proAND FORTY-THREE offenders have been lodged in the bably explain to the satisfaction of “ Joseph” the text House of Correction during the twelve inonths last he proposes.
He will compare it vith the autho past.”
text, and remark, that the words in Itulics constitute This, however, is but a small portion of our metro- the new translation, and those in the Roman type the politan offenders. “ The condition of the culprits in Doctor's paraphrase. this House of Correction,” say the justices, “ differs in “And I particularly suy, and give it in charge, acmany respects from that of other prisoners. Numbers cording to that grace which is given to me as an inspired of them are reared from their cradle without education, apostle, tu every one that is among you, as if personally corrupted by the wickedness of their parents at home, named, to take the greatest heed that he be not exalced and contaminated by the evil example of their compa- into spiritual pride by the gifts and privileges which nions abroad, and all of them surrounded with the inany God hath conferred upon you. I charge each not to arensuaring temptations of the metropolis. Profligate rogate [to himself) above what he ought to think, but to foreigners, provincial transgressors, infidels speculative think of himself with modesty, sobriety, and hunnility ; and practical, sensualists and prodigals of every kind, according to the measure of that faith, and in correspon. fly to this great city: without character as to morality, dent proportion to those gifts, which God hath distributed idle, poor, and friendless, they shelter themselves un- to
every man among you. And surely when you consiobserved for a while, but eventually increase the mass der it is God who hath given all, there will appear little of iniquity in our crowded prisons. Once imprisoned, reason to magnify yourselves on any distinguishing their return to virtuous society becomes exceedingly dif- share of his bounty which any one may have received. ficult. Every avenue is closed against them, and every Especially when you remember, that this distribution is door shut. To those who knew thein in better circuin. made, not only or chiefly for your own sake, but out stances they apply in vain for employment, or assistance of regard to the good of the whole: For as in one body of any kind. They are now without what is called cha- we have many members, but all the members have not the racter, and strangers regard them not; they are become same use, but each its proper function and service apthe children of necessity; they cannot by their own ex. pointed by the wise Former and gracious Preserver of ertions extricate themselves out of their difficulties, and the whole; so we, though many, are one body in Christ, though liberated from prison, they bave neither the op- and every one members of cach other : we should thereportunity nor the means of obtaining subsistence, except for endeavour each of us to know his own place and by begging, depredation, theft, or plunder. Were a condition, and mutually to make our various capacities moral classification attempted, the whole might be as serviceable as we can." comprehended under three heads. First, the aban. doned, whose passions being violent, and strengthened by indulgence, have led them from bad to worse: they
USES OF CONVERSATION. have lost all self-respect, boast of their iniquity, rejoice in doing mischief, and are become reckless. Second,
. Good sense will stagnate: thoughts shut up want air, the incipient criminal, the dupe of another; or having, And spoil, like bales unopen'd to the sun. through ignorance, inconsideration, the force of tempt- Thought in the mine may coine forth gold or dross; ation, or the pressure of necessity, fallen under the re
When coin'd in word, we know its real worth. buke of the law; and would endure any labour, and
Had thought been all, sweet speech had been denied.
'Tis converse qualifies for solitude, undergo any privation, to regain his station in society.
As exercise for salutary rest.'
Young. Third, the poor and destitute, who are objects of pity and compassion; many of them orphans, without CHRISTIANS do not make conversation a theatre for friend to appreciate their worth ; moral, honest, indus. dispute or display: they consider it as a reciprocation trious, and sober, in general, they are ready for any of benignity — a desire to draw out the talents of those service that would afford them a maintenance at home who with more merit have less pretensions. An interor abroad. Such is the congregation the chaplain has change of sentiments between intellectual and highlyto teach ; and he attempts to meet their intellectual and principled persons confers both pleasure and benefit. spiritual wants in the six following ways, - by preach. To make it at once pleasant and profitable, there must ing, exposition, exhortation, lecturing, catechizing, and be an accordance of principle, if not of opinion. The schooling.”
conversation will frequently have a tincture of religion, These several methods are explained in the Report, though the topic under discussion may not be religious. in a manner that reflects credit on the chaplain; and Topics purely secular are susceptible of this spirit, and while every one must sympathize with him in his ar- in pious and discreet hands will be treated in a way to duous duties, every Christian will sincerely pray for his promote religion without the appearance of intrudsuccess.
count of it, it is a hundred furlongs in length, and
forty wide. The water of this lake is very good to (Continued from p. 302.)
drink, and breeds abundance of fish. There St. Peter,
St. John, St. Andrew, and St. James, who were 6sherCarmel (rineyard of God), a city in the tribe of men, carried on their trade. The river Jordan passes Judah, situated on the mountain of the same naine, through this lake, and is continually bringing into it a in the southern part of Palestine, where Nabal the
fresh supply of water. The country which borders Carmelite, Abigail's husband, dwelt. Josh. xv, 55.
upon the sea of Galilee, is remarkably beaut.ful and Carmel, Mount, situated to the south of Ptolemais,
fertile. and the north of Dora, upon the Mediterranean. At Cnidus, a city standing on a promontory or foreland the foot of this mountain, on the north side, runs the of the same name, in that part of the province of Caria, brook Kishon, and a little farther the river Beleus. which was more peculiarly called Doris. This city On the side vest the sca, there is a cave shown, where was remarkable for the worship of Venus, and for the some suppose the prophet Elijah desired Ahab to bring celebrated statue of that goddess, made by the famous Baal's false prophets, when fire descended from heaven artificer Praxiteles. upon the burnt sacrifice which he had prepared there. 1 Kings xviii.
Colosse (punishment), a city of Phrygia, which
Herodotus tells us stood where the river Lycus ruuCenchRea (millel), a sea-port town belonging to ning under-ground, disappears : but this river rising Corinth, in the Archipelago. This town, which was alove-ground again, at the distance of five furlongs at some distance from Corinth, was, notwithstanding, fron this city, empties itself into the river Meander. looked upon as a kind of suburb to the city. St. Paul, It is generally agreed ainong learned men, that Colosse being ready to embark in order to go to Jerusalem, stood at no great distance from Lavdicea and Hierapolis; had his hair cut off here, in compliance with a vow he whence we find St. Paul mentioning the inhabitants of had made.
these three great cities together, Col. iv, 15. This CHALDEA (as demons), a country of Asia, known in
city, Dr. Wells informs us, has been long since buried the most ancient times by the names of Shinar, Shi
in ruins, the inemory of it being now chiefly, if not naar, &c.; it lies between thirty and thirty-five degrees wholly, preserved in the Epistle of St. Paul, wrote to of north latitude, and was bounded, according to
its inhabitants. Ptolemy, on the north by Mesopotamia, on the east Cons, an island of the Archipelago, lying near the by the Tigris, on the west by Arabia Deserta, and on south-west point of Asia Minor. It is now commonly the south by the Persian Gulf'aud part of Arabia Felix. called Lango; and was formerly celebrated for its exThe metropolis of Chaldea was Babylon, whence the cellent wine; and is also memorable for the birth of country more immediately in the neighbourhood of
Hippocrater, the celebrated physician, and Apelles, the this city was generally, by profane writers, termed fainous painter. Here was formerly inade that fine Babylonia. The name of Chaldea is nowhere to be
thin stuff, so much used among the chief ladies of met with in the Hebrew text, the word being Chasdim, Rome, which at once showed them both clothed and whence Josephus thinks the name of Chaldea was naked. In the suburbs of the chief town of this island, derived ; and Dr. Wells is of opinion, that it was taken called by the same name as the isle, stood a temple of from Chesed, one of the sons of Nahor, Abraham's
Esculapius, much celebrated in former times, and brother. The Chaldeaus were much fained for their
greatly enriched by the offerings made to the supposed knowledge in astronomy, and their skill in the several
deity. branches of mathematics and geometry. See our account of Babylon, p. 129, and also p. 222.
Corinth (beauty), a celebrated city, the capital of
Achaia, seated on the isthmus, and separates PeloponCHERITH (cutting), a brook beyond Jordan, that falls into this river below Bethshan. Near this brook,
nessus from Achaia. This city was one of the best and in the valley through which it runs, the prophet
peopled and inost wealthy of all Greece. Its situation Elijah lay concealed for some time, to avoid the perse
between two seas, drew thither the trade of both the
east and west from all parts. Its riches produced cution of Jezebel ; and here the ravens every morning and evening brought him bread and meat.
pride, ostentation, effemiuacy, and all manner of vices,
which are the consequences of too great plenty. LasCilicia (which overturns), a country on the south- civiousness in particular was not only tolerated here, east of Asia Minor, and lying on the northern coast, but in a manner consecrated, by the worship of Venus, at the east end of the Mediterranean; the capital city and the public prostitution of those who were devoted whereof is Tarsus, the native city of St. Paul.
to her. But what this city was most famous for among CINNERETH, or Cinneroth, a city of the tribe of
the heathe , authors, was, its citadel, which was called Naphtali, to the south whereof lay a great plain, which
Acro-Corinthus, from its being built on reached as far as the Dead Sea, along the river Jordan.
mountain or rock, and for its insolence against the Roman Many believe, with a great deal of probability, that
Jegates, which inade L. Mummius destroy it; but in Cionereth was the same with Tiberias; and as the lake
its conflagration, so many statues of different metals of Gennesareth, which is in Hebrew called the lake of
were melted down, that the remains of thein made the Cinnereth, is, without doubt, that of Tiberias, there is
famous Corinthian brass, which was accounted more some reason to believe that Cinnereth and Tiberias are
valuable than either gold or silver. After this destructhe same city, as we will endeavour more fully to show
tion, it was restored by Julius Cæsar to its former under the article Tiberias.
splendour, and in a short time became the most beautiThe lake of Cinnereth, or Tiberias, or the lake of
ful city of all Greece, insomuch that the admired Gennesareth, are so many names given to it from the
order of pillars, which are used at this day in the situation of the city Cinnereth or Tiberias, lying upon
decoration of inany fine buildings, took from this place the western shore, and towards the southern extremity
the naine of Corinthian pillars. of it; and because the canton of Gennesareth lies upon Crete (fleshly), one of the noblest isiands in the the eastern extremity of it. It is likewise called the Mediterranean Sea, being formerly called Hecatomsea of Galilee (Matt. iv, 18), becau.e the north-east polis, as having a hundred considerable towns or cities; sides of it are enclosed by Galilee. In Josephus's ac- as also, Macarios, or Macaronesus, the Happy Island,
from the goodness of the soil and the healthy tempera
stitious. Let those who have been partial to such vain ture of the air. It is now cominonly called Candia, productions, only read Isaiah xlvii, 13, and Dan. ii, 27, froin its principal town, Candia, which was an arch- and they will there see what they are to be accounted bishop's see, great, rich, and populous, as long as it of, and in what company they are to be found ; and let continued in the hands of the Venetians; and stood the them learn to despise their equivocal and artful insinu. longest siege against the Turks of any place in the ations, which are too frequently blended with prowhole world, but was at last obliged to submit, in 1669. fanity: for is it not profanity, in them to attempt to This isle lies over against the mouth or entrance of the palm their frauds upon mankind by Scripture quotaÆgean sea, or Archipelago, and at a pretty nearly equal
tions, which they seldom fail to do, especially Judges distance from Europe, Asia, and Africa. The inland v, 20, and Job xxxviii, 31, neither of which teaches parts are very mountainous, yet fruitful, especially of warrants any such practice ? Had Barak or wines, called Muscadine, but it is deficient in corn.
Deborah consulted the stars ? No such thing. Were Titus was constituted by St. Paul first bishop of Crete,
not the sweet influences of Pleiades the same in Job's charging him in that epistle which he wrote to him, adversity as in his prosperity? Certainly they were. to rebuke the people of this island severely and in Shall the sun, moon, and stars, which the Most High strong terms, to prevent their being fond of Jewish has divided as benefits to all nations under heaven fables, human ordinances, and the observances of the indiscriminately, have a particular and inoral influence law; for, as he adds (chap. i, 12, 13), “the Cretans, attributed to them? What an approach to heathenism as one of their own prophets (or poets) bears witness,
is this ! are always liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.” This Cretau poet is generally acknowledged to be Epimenides, a native of Crete, who asserts this particular, so much to
PIETY OF LINNÆUS. the disadvantage of his countrymen.
This great Botanist was born in Sweden, in 1707, and died in 1778. One of the most distinguished attributes
of his mind, was the warmth of his religious sentiments DR. YOUNG'S DYING TESTIMONY.
and profound adoration of the Deity. He resembled PROBABLY our “Constant Reader” at Lincoln, will in this respect Newton, Haller, Locke, and others, think the following a sufficient answer at present to whose respect of religion rendered their knowledge his interesting inquiry respecting the venerable author still more estimable. The deeper he penetrated into of the “Night Thoughts, and we will endeavour to the secrets of nature, the more he adınired the wisdom give him further information in a future Number. of her Creator. He praised this wisdom in his works,
Dr. Cotton, who was intimate with Dr. Young, paid recommended it by bis speeches, and honoured it by him a visit about a fortnight before he was seized with his actions. Through all his writings there breathes his last illness. The old man was then in perfect forth a lively admiration of the greatness and wisdom health; the antiquity of his person, the gravity of his of God, and a tender gratitude for his benefits. He utterance, and the earnestness with which he dis- believed in Providence, because his daily observations coursed about religion, gave him, in the Doctor's eyes, upon nature furnished him with fresh proofs of its the appearance of a prophet. They had been deliver- sublime immensity.
Whenever he found an opporing their sentiments upon a book of Newton (on the tunity of expatiating on the greatness, the providence, Prophecies), when Dr. Young closed the conference and omnipotence of God, which frequently happened thus : “My friend, there are two, considerations upon in his lectures and botanical excursions, his heart which my faith in Christ is built, as upon a rock : the glowed with a celestial fire, and his mouth poured fall of man, the redemption of inan, and the resurrec- forth torrents of admirable eloquence. This made him tion of man, the three cardinal articles of our religion, one of the best inculcators of morality; he instilled by are such as human ingenuity could never have invented; so doing a similar spirit of religion into the breast of therefore, they must be divine. The other argument is his pupils. Over the door of the ball in which he gave this : If the prophecies have been fulfilled (of which his lectures, was this inscription, “Live virtuous ; God there is abundant demonstration), the Scripture must observes you.” He could never think on the wonderbe the word of God; and, if the Scripture is the word ful paths hy which the Almighty had guided him, with. of God, Christianity must be true.”
out being much affected, and thanking Providence for all the instances of his grace and mercy.
ALMANACK IMPOSITIONS. There is a certain species of imposition which prevails in this country, which, we are persuaded, even many of the genuine professors of Christianity by far too much countenance; and which, at this season of the year, it may not be improper, or unprofitable, to caution them against.
Amongst the variety of almanacks annually published, there are those which pretend to foretel future events. It is easy to see the deceit and fallacy of their pretensions, which at best are but probable conjectures, founded upon the aspect of past or present existing circuinstances. If this were all, it perhaps might be tolerated, but surely is unworthy to be countenanced by professing Christians. But what should render them peculiarly odious, is, their professing to foretel future events by astrological calculations: a science, if it may be so called, which has neither authority nor countenance from the sacred Scriptures, but which is treated by them as heathevish and super
thy dominions !
Conscience is the soul of a man recoiling back upon itself. It is like the earth, not so inuch inoved from all winds without, as from the vapours within.- Ward.