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which was given to Moses our instructor, peace be to Syrian Christians at Travancore, near Madras in him.

Southern India. IX. I believe with a perfect faith, that this law will To the Society for Educating Clergymen's Daughters, never be exchanged, nor will there be any other law by the Rev. Carus Wilson, 2001. given from the Creator, blessed be his name.

For the Diocese of Ohio, 2001. X. I believe with a perfect faith, that the Creator, To the Trustees of the New Church at Mangotsfield, blessed be his name, knoweth all the thoughts and 1501. actions of men.

To and for the purposes, societies, and institutions, XI. I believe with a perfect faith, that the Creator, aftermentioned, viz. .-For the Bristol Strangers' Friend blessed be his name, will benevolently reward him who Society, the Bristol Society for the Relief of Small keepeth his commandments, and will punish him who Debtors, the Bristol Penitentiary, the Bristol Orphan transgresseth his commandments.

Asylum, the Bristol Philosophical Institution, the XII. I believe with a perfect faith in the coming of London Strangers' Friend Society, the Commissioners the Messiah, and thongh notwithstanding he tarrieth, I of Foreign Missions in America, towards the School will await in expectation of his daily coming.

at Ceylon called Barley Wood, the Newfoundland XIJI. I believe with a perfect faith, that the resur- Schools, the Distressed Vaudoise, the Clifton Dispenrection of the dead will be whenever such a desire sary, the Bristol District for Visiting the Poor, the shall come from the Creator, blessed be his name, Irish Society, and the Sailors' Home Society, 100%. and exalted be his memory for ever and eternity. each. AMEN.”

To the purposes, societies, and institutions following,

vis. :-The Christian Knowledge Society, the Bristol MRS. HANNAH MORE'S LEGACIES.

Misericordia Society, the Bristol Samaritan Society,

the Bristol Temple Infant School, the Prayer Book The divinely benevolent genius of Christianity receives

and Homily Society, the London Lock Hospital, the the most ample confirmation from the exemplary lives

London Refuge for the Destitute, the Gaelic School, of many of its professors. And their death also affords

the Society for Female Schools in India, the Keynthe most delightful testimony to its godlike character.

sham School, the Cheddar School, for Books for Obio, The late lamented Mrs. Hannah More adorned the

the Bristol and Clifton Female Anti-Slavery Society, gospel by her holy life-advocated its glorious princi

the Clifton Lying in Charity, the Clifton Infant School, ples by her powerful pen-and, at length, gave her

the Clifton National School, the Clifton Female Hiberdying testimony to its adaptation to bless mankind, by

nian Society, the Temple Poor, and for Pews in Temple bequeathing a great part of her property to Christian

Church, 501. each. Institutions. We copy the following from the Bristol

To the Bristol Harmonia and Edinburgh Sabbath Mirror.

Schools, 19 guineas each. “We feel great gratification, as well as, we trust, a To the Sbiphain Female Club, 501. justifiable pride, in having to record a statement ex- To the Cheddar Female Club, 19 guineas. tracted from the will of the late Mrs. Hannah Moore, of To the Poor Printers' Pund, 19 guineas. her munificent public beqnests. The sums bequeathed To the Shipham Poor, 501. in legacies of this description amount to upwards of To the Ministers of Wrington and Cheddar, for their 10,0001. and it will be seen that most of the charitable

respective Poor, 19 guineas each. institutions of Bristol are included in the list. The To the Minister of Nailsea, for the Poor, 5l. name of this excellent and pious lady will henceforth To my Old Pensioners at Wrington, Il. each. be classed with those of the eminently distinguished To the Kildare-place School Society, Dublin, 1001. characters, whose benevolent and public-spirited con- sterling, and 2001. three per cents. duct has conferred so many benefits upon this city.

In addition to the foregoing inunificent legacies, this To the Bristol Infirmary, 1,0001.

pious lady has bequeathed the whole of her residuary To the Anti-Slavery Society, 5001.

estate, which it is expected will amount to a consideraTo the London Poor Pious Clergy, 5001.

ble sum, to the New Church in the out-parish of To the London Clerical Education Society, 1001. St. Philip, in Bristol.”

To the Moravian Missionary Society, 2001. to be We have understood, that Mrs. H. More realized at partly applied towards the schools or stations at Greenc

least 30,0001. by her excellent writings. EDITOR. kloof, Guadenthal, and other Moravian settlements at the Cape of Good Hope.

To the Welsh College, 4001.
To the Bristol Clerical Education Society, 1001.

ON OUR FUTURE ACCOUNTABLENESS. To the Hibernian Society, 2001.

It should ever be impressed on our minds, that there is To the Reformation Society, 2001.

a day of awful inquisition, in which we must stand unTo the Irish Religious Tract and Book Society, and

connected, single, and uncovered. It is not the best the Irish Scripture Readers' Society, 1501. each.

attachments we may have formed, or the most valuaTo the Burman Mission, and to the Society for the ble societies to which we may have belonged, that will Conversion of the Jews, 2001. each.

then stand us in any stead. We should thereforejoin them To the following societies or institutions, viz. :-- For

now with a pure and simple intentiou. We must not Printing the Scriptures at Serampore, the Baptist Mis

seek them as something on which to lean, and where. sionary Society, the London Seamen’s Bible Society,

with to share our responsibility; that is our own single the Bristol Seamen's Bible Society, the Liverpool

and undivided concern. It is in vain to hope, that by Seamen's Bible Society, the London Missionary Society,

belonging to any society however good, to any party and the Society for Printing the Hebrew Scriptures, however honourable, we can shrink from our own per. 1001, each.

sonal individual accountableness. The union of the To the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1,0001.

labourers gives no claim to a division of the responsiAll the foregoing legacies are in 3 per Cent. Consols.

bility. In this world we may be useful anong bodies The following are in Sterling Money :

of men ; in the great judgment we must stand alone. To the Church Missionary Society, 1,0001., 3001. of Though we assist them here, they cannot answer for us which is to be applied towards the Mission among the hereafter.

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ON CHRISTIAN EDUCATION.
(Continued from p. 311.)

Part II. Fancy not that these pursuits will check his vivacity or obstruct his amiable cheerfulness. The ingenuous mind is never so happy as when in a state of virtuous exertion. Much less fear that they will depress his genius ; his mind will find wider room in which to expand, his intellectual eye will take in a niore extensive range: to koow that he is formed for immortality is not likely to contract his ideas. And if to know that he is an immortal being will exalt his thoughts, to know that he is an accountable being will correct his habits : to know that “God is the rewarder of all them that seek him," will stimulate hiin in the race of Christian duty; to know that there is a day, in which God will judge the world, will quicken his preparation for that day. From his Bible only let hiin draw his sense of those principles by which he will be hereafter judged; and be careful ever to distinguish in his mind between the worldly morality of the multitude, and that Christian holiness which is the dictate of the Scriptures. Pleasing manners will attract popular regard, and worldly motives will produce popular actions, but genuine virtue proceeds only froin Christian principles.

And after all, though you cannot by your best exertions, seconded by the most fervent prayer, command success, yet what a support will it be under the possible defeat of your fairezt hopes, that you strove to avert it? Even if, through the prevalence of temptation, the perverseness of his nature, and the malignity of his corruptions, the best-founded hopes should be disappointed, what a heartfelt consolation will it be under this heaviest of all trials, that the misconduct of the child is not imputable to the neglect of the father : though it will not pluck the sting from his guilt, it will render the poignancy of your own anguish mure tolerable. But let us indulge higher hopes and brighter prospects, from the rich provision which God has put into our hands for accomplishing his great designs in our favour.

Religious education, with God's blessing, which every truly Christian father will not fail to invoke, is all in all towards the restoration and elevation of our national character. Why then need we doubt, that the Christian religion, grafted on the substantial stock of the genuine British character, and watered by the dews of Heaven, inay bring forth the noblest productions of which this lower world is capable? Though neither the security nor the triumph will be complete, till these “trees of righteousness” are transplanted into the paradise of God.

Reader, if you are indeed a Christian father, antici. pate in idea that triumphant moment, when, having cast your crown at the foot of the eternal throne, you shall be called upon to give an account of your own conduct, and, as far as has depended on you, of that of your offspring. Think of the multiplied felicities of meeting in the presence of God, those whom your exainple and instruction have, through His grace, contributed to bring thither!

HANNAH MORE.

FORMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN CHARACTER. CAREFULLY encourage the first dawning dispositions of piety in your heart ; cherish every indication of a change in your views, and an improvement in your sentiments. Let not the world nor the things of the world stifle the new-born principle, nor make you ashamed inodestly to avow it. Do not however conclude that a complete change has been effected in your heart, because there is a revolution in your opinions, and a favourable alteration in your feelings. The formation of a Christian character is not the work of a day: not only are the views to be changed, not only is the heart to be convinced of sin ; but its propensities are to be bent into a contrary direction. Religion is an interior concern. Try yourselves-prove yourselves -examine yourselves-distrust yourselves : seek counsel of wise established Christians : pray earnestly for more light and knowledge, and especially for perseverance. Pray that you may be able to go on with the same zeal with which you set out. Of how many may it be said, “Ye did run well, what hindered you?” Carefully distinguish between the severish· heat of animal fervour, and the vital warmth of Christian feeling: mere youthful energy, operating upon a newlyawakened remorse for a thoughtless life, will carry the mind certain lengths ; but if unaccompanied with a continued application for a better strength than your own, this will soon fail. The Christian race is not to be run at a heat; religion is a steady, progressive course; it gains strength by going : the nearer the approach to the goal, the more ardent the desire to reach it. If you advance, you glorify God, and promote your own salvation ; if you recede, you injure the cause you now intend to serve, and bring upon yourselves a fearful condemnation. Self-abasement, self-examination and prayer, are the best preservatives for all who have entered on a religious life, and especially becoming young. Christians. Though in your journey you may imagine yourself not so near as when you first set out, this is not really the case : you will have a lower opinion of your state, on account of your having obtained higher views of the spirituality of the law of God, and a more humbling sense of your own unwor. thiness. Even the alınost Christian prophet seems not to have been so deeply convinced of sin, as when, overwhelmed by the glory of the Divine vision, he exclaimed, “ Mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of Hosts!”

PROVIDENCE ILLUSTRATED. See a fond mother and her offspring round,

Her soft soul melting with maternal love :

Some to her breast she clasps, and others prove By kisses her affection : on the ground, Her ready foot affords a rest for one,

Another smiling sits upon her knee:

By their desiring eyes and actions free And lisping words their little wants are known. To those she gives a smile, a frown to these,

But all in love. Thus awful Providence

Watches and helps us, oft denies our sense,
But to invite more earnest prayer and praise ;

Or, by withholding that which we implore,
In the refusal gives a blessing more.

The results of intellectual labour, or of scientific genius, are permanent, and incapable of being lost. Monarchs change their plans, governments their objects. Fleets and armies effect their purpose, and then pass away; but a piece of steel touched by the magnet, preserves its character for ever, and secures to man the pilotage of the trickless ocean.”

“Sin is worse than death or hell; for they are good for something, viz. to satisfy God's justice; but sin only abuses his mercy.”- Pearce.

PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE. I mused, while I turned on a feverish bed,

Recalling the changes l've seen; “There is so much of grief and of grievance,” I said,

“In the things and the thoughts that have been, That they canker the budding of hope with their blight, And o'ershadow the future with memory's night.” Then I counted the joys, and the beautiful dreams

Of the sunshine and stars of the past, In the glory-gilt twilight of youth-time, which seems

To echo back bliss to the last :
And I said, “Life's a blessing, and man should be blest;
And the sorrows of life are but shadows at best.”
It seem'd that I stood ou the verge of the tomb,

While the flapping of ravens I heard ;
I felt the sweet calin between gladness and gloom,

And patiently waited the word-
The word which should bid ine descend: but my breast
Was still as the snows on the mountains that rest.
Too much I've enjoyed on life's journey, to close

My pilgrimage free from regret ;
And I've suffered too much from its wants and its woes,

Their scourgings and stings to forget :
So come when it will, the decree from on high,
I am willing to live— but contented to die.

Manchester.

ACCOUNT OF THE RIVER NILE. The Nile may be considered as the greatest natural curiosity in Egypt. Nature, to supply her parsimonious distribution of water from the heavens, has ordained an annual overflow of that river, to water and enrich the land, so that perpetual plenty and verdure here flourish without the assistance of the clouds. The Nile is said to rise at the foot of a great mountain in Abyssinia : this, however, is rather matter of conjecture ; but supposing it to be in that direction, its course being north and south, the whole extent thereof must be about 1,200 miles.

The annual rise which it experiences, is owing to the periodical rains that fall in Abyssinia. The river begins to swell at Cairo and in Lower Egypt towards the latter end of June, and rising gradually till the iniddle of September, decreases during the months of October and November. The height which it attains often varies, and occasions thereby a plenty or a scarcity, since one extreme is as fatal to the country as the other: if there is a deficiency of water, many lands are deprived of the benefit thereof; if there is a superabundance, it does not retire soon enough for the corn to be sown, the river at this tine spreading itself over the country, on each side for several leagues appears like a sea. Whatever parts lay so remote as to be out of the reach of the inundation, are watered by canals; and the appearance wliich Egypt presents at this time is very singular, a vast expanse of water all round, with towns and villages as it were rising out of the food, and numberless groves and fruit trees, whose tops are the only parts of them visible. At the island of Rhoida, near Cairo, is a pillar placed in the centre of a pool of water, on the same level with the river, having different gradations marked on it, to determine the daily rise and fall of the Nile. As soon as the tide begins to rise, the superintending officer reports it to the Pacha, and receives handsome presents from him on that event, which is also celebrated by public rejoicings throughout the city: its daily height is likewise constantly proclaimed by public criers, till it arrives at the wished for point, when the bank of the canal designed to distribute the waters through the city, is broken down with great solemnity and merriment, a clay model of a woinan being at the same time thrown into the river, as a present for its annual visit. The city then becomes a scene of joy and feasting, the inhabitants receive the river into their streets and squares with the utmost gladness, and boats and barges are seen rowing, gaily adorned, on lakes and canals which before were dry land.

When the waters retire, they leave a vast quantity of fish on the land, and at the saine time, what is much more valuable, a slime which acts as inanure to fertilize the fields. By this annual addition of soil, Egypt has been very much raised and enlarged in the course of years; and as the bed of the Nile extends for some miles into the sea, the country increases by little and little every year, and many places are vow julaud towns, which before were washed by the ocean.

Rooke's Travels.

“LO, I AM WITH YOU ALWA'S." MATT. XXVIII.

And is my Lord so near?

And will he always be ?
The inighty promise that I hear,

Can it be spoke to me?
Will Christ vouchsafe to come,

And with my nature stay,
Till to his own eternal home,

He summon me away:
O mercy, deep and high!

He deigns to dwell with dust !
The dear decree is past, and I

In that decree will trust.
His presence I invoke,

He will not this deny!
“Lo, I am with you always," spoke

By Him who cannot lie.
My trembling fears atlay :

Assurance sweet is mine ;
And I will confidently pray,

And trust bis word divine.
Enough, my faithful Lord,

In thee I must be strong ;
Thou, my exceeding great reward,
Shall be my ceaseless song!

N. B.

No sinner like him, that hath sinned away the conviction of sin. - Oren.

Zeal is a good servant, but an ill inaster.- Ward,

ON REPENTANCE. "Tis not to cry God mercy, or to sit

And droop, or to confess that thou hast fuild. "Tis to bewail the sins thou didst coinmit,

And not commit those sins thou hast bewail'd. He that bewails and not forsakes them too, Confesses rather what he means to do.

QUARLES.

London: Printed and Pablished by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,

Fleet Street; to whom all Coinmunications for the Editor (post mail) should be addressed ; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newspen in the

United Kingdom Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STRILL,

Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; J. Partit, 16, High Street, St. Giles's; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road,

PENNY MAGAZINE.

N 71.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.

OCTOBER 12, 1833.

PRINTIDAD PUBLISHID BY C. WOOD AND SON, POPPINS COURT, FULLT STREET, LONDON.

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expenses of the government until the peace of Paris in 1815, so that the public or national debt announts now to the astonishing sum of eight HUNDRED MILLIONS OF POUNDS STERLING !

The Bank of England is a bank of deposits as well as of issue. It has always acted as banker to the government. The balances of public inoney which remained in its hands were inuch larger formerly than they have been of late, as appears from the following statement of the average aggregate amounts so held during each year, from 1807 to 1831 :

THE BANK OF ENGLAND. Money, and bullion of gold and silver, as inentioned in the Holy Scriptures, will receive its most important illustration from the immense treasures of the Bank of England. That wonderful establishment, requiring, we understand, about eight hundred clerks and agents to carry on its vast concerns, is considered as the centre of the financial operations of Europe, and indeed of the whole civilized world.

The Bank OF ENGLAND was eztablished in 1694, when an act was passed empowering their Majesties Williain and Mary, to incorporate the subscribers under the title of “The Governor and Company of the Bank of England,” in consideration of the loan of 1,200,0001. granted to the government, for which almost 8 per cent. was paid. Since the period of the establishinent of the Bank of England, the commercial interests of this country have grown up to a magnitude which it is probable no one at that period contem. plated. The capital of the Bank has, during that time, been augmented from 1,200,0001. to the sum of 14,553,0001., and its influence upon the money, concerns of the kingdoin has increased in a proportionate degree. A succession of dreadful wars increased the

VOL. II,

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The profits which the Bank derived from this source during the war, when the balances were so large, must 1817 1,672,800 1825 2,607,900 have been very great.

1818 1,640,210 1826 3,322,070 Private deposits in the Bank of England during the 1819 1,790,860 1827 3,931,370 same period were very large, an account of which will 1820 1,325,060

1828 5,701,280 show a considerable augmentation of this branch of 1821 1,326,020

1829 5,217,210 its business :

1822 1,373,370 1830 5,562,250 £.

1823 2,321,920 1831 5,201,370 1807 1,582,720 1812 1,573,950 1824

2,369,910 1808 1,940,630 1813 1,771,310 1809 1,492,190

1814

2,374,910 The actual situation of the Bank upon the 29th of 1810 1,428,720 1815 1,690,490 February, 1832, will be understood on examining the 1811 1,567,920

1816 1,333,120 following statement :

£. To bank-notes outstanding

18,051,710

By advance on Government securities, vis: To public deposits, viz:

£.

Exchequer bills on the growing produce Drawing accounts .....

2,034,790

of the Consolidated Fund, in the quarter £. Balance of audit roll..

550,550
ending 5 April, 1832..

..... 3,428,340 Life annuities unpaid.

85,030
Ditto 5 July, 1832

697,000 Annuities for terms of years unpaid

38,360
Exchequer bills on Supplies, 1825

7,600 Exchequer bills deposited

490,000
Ditto for 10,500,0001. for 1825.

2,000
3,198,730
By the advances to the trustees ap-

4,134,940 To private deposits, viz:

pointed by the Act 3 Geo. 11, c. 51, Drawing accounts

5,683,870

towards the purchase of an annuity of Various other debts...

54,560

585,7401. for forty-four years, from
5,738,430
5 April, 1823.....

10,897,880 To the Bank of England for capital ..

14,553,000

By other credits, viz.To balance, or surplus, in favour of the Bank of

Exchequer bills purchased

2,700,000 England ....

2,637,760
Stock purchased.

764,600
City bonds.....

500,000 Bills and notes discounted

2,951,970 Loans on mortgages......

1,452, 100 London Dock Company

227,500 Advances on securities and various arti

570,690

9,166,860 By cash and bullion ....

5,293,150 By the permanent debt due from Government. $14,686,800 £. 44,179,630

1.44,179,650 Surplus brought down

2,637,760 Bank capital due to proprietors

14,553,000

£.17,190,760 The immense pile of building in which these pro- fame and of glory throughout all countries : I will there. digious money concerns are carried on, is more exten-fore now make preparation for it. So David prepared sive in its range of offices, and more eminent for its abundantly before his death.” 1 Chron. xxii, 5. "I architectural ornament and interior arrangement, than have prepared for the house of the LORD an hundred any single public office in the metropolis. The whole thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand buildings are included in an area of an irregular forin, talents of silver; and of brass and iron without the exterior wall of which measures 365 feet in front, weight, for it is in abundance: timber also and or the south side, 410 feet on the north side, 245 on the east side, and 440 feet on the west side. The building,

stone have I prepared ; and thou mayest add thereto."

Ver. 14. with all its fittings and furniture, is estimated by the This “hundred thousand talents of gold,” at architect of the Bank to be worth the sum of ONE 5,075l. 158.75d. the talent, would amount to the sum of MILLION sterling : 39 that this sum, added to the 507,578,1251. as is remarked in a Note in Bagster's balance in the foregoing statement, makes the capital “Comprehensive Bible,” on the text. And in another of that establishment 18,190,7601.!!

Note, the editor states, that, “a thousand thousand talents of silver," at 3531. 11s. 10d. the talent, would

amount to 353,591,6661. 138. 4d.; and both sums would GOLD AND SILVER BULLION

amount to the immense sum of 861,169,7911. 138. 4d.,"

which is an amount larger than the whole national debt Voluntary contributed to the service of God, by King

of Great Britain. David and his Princes, preparatory to the erection of

Besides this amazing amount of gold and silver, the Temple by King Solomon.

David gave another large quantity for the service of Prodigious as is the quantity of gold and silver that is

God. Hence we read, Furthermore David the King found in the British empire in coin and bullion, pro

said unto all the congregation : Moreover, becaure I bably amounting to 40,000,0001. sterling; that will seem

have set my affection to the house of my God, I have but little compared with the treasures of King David,

of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, which I which he had collected to adorn and enrich the Temple that I have prepared for the holy house, even three

have given to the house of my God, over and above all of God. Purposing in his heart that good work, and directed to an architectural plan by Divine inspiration,

thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir

, and

seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the he called together his princes, and said, “Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be

walls of the houses withal. The gold for things of builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of

gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers.

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