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affection, in what he said to Mrs. Jones? “Don't be
surprised at any alteration you may see in me, for COLLECTED BY THE LATE REV. WILLIAM BUTTON. death always makes strange alterations; when the Lord
is pleased to give me my dismission, rejoice over my No. IX.
corpse, and praise God for what we have suffered toREV. THOMAS JONES,
gether here, and for what we shall enjoy together
hereafter.” Towards his latter end, he was much in Chaplain of St. Saviour's, Southwark. Died June 6, 1762.
prayer. These were some of his expressions, “The The present times afford many instances of triumphant
silver cords of life are breaking, and man goeth to his faith, and there is a very striking one before us. long home, and the mourners go about the streets ; Whose death was ever more precious than our brother's,
Lord, guide me home in safety, and lead me through in the sight of the Lord ? 'How could God show his
the shadow of death; this mortal shall soon put on imlove to him upon his dying bed more than he did ?
mortality; though worms destroy this body, yet in my Although his fever was violent for seven days, yet his
flesh shall I see God, whom I shall see for myself, and soul was still calın. He was not troubled with any fear mine eyes shall behold, and not another. I go hence of death, that was kindly taken away. He had no
like a shadow that declineth, I wither away like grass, doubt concerning his eternal state. He was made but the Lord is the portion of my soul, and strong patient to God's will, bore pain without murmuring,
hope.” His hope did not fail him, God was with him and waited the Lord's time for his release. Were not when he died, so that he had no evil to fear when he these undoubted proofs of the Lord's love to him? He
went down into the valley of the shadow of death. His suffered his faith to be tried in the fire, that it body was left to rest in peace, and his soul is with that inmight come out like gold, purer and brighter; and numerable company who are standing round the throne, it stood in the fire, rejoiced in it, and was refined and praising God and the Lamb, for ever and ever. by it. In one of his weakest hours, he said,
Funeral sermon preached by the Rev. W. Romaine, "Blessed be the Lord for that degree of faith from Psalın cxvi, 15, “Precious in the sight of the which he hath given me, though it has operated in so
Lord, is the death of his saints.” weak a manner, yet I have many blessed and comfortable marks in my own soul of his love to me.” Here
REV. JOHN BAILEY. was faith, and much humility. A servant of Christ
Died 1697, aged 54. went to see him in his illness, and asked him how he did? He answered, “I am so full of pain, that I can
At the age of twenty-two, he was settled at Chester, and think but little; but I know that Jesus is carrying on was imprisoned for Nonconformity. He afterwards the interest of any poor soul, notwithstanding." These
went to Ireland, and then to New England, where he are to me the choicest of his dying words. I see in laboured fourteen years : at length, dismal pains of the them a well-grounded trust and confidence in God, far gout, with a complication of maladies, confined him more deep and solid than all the rejoicing of triumph
for three months. During which time, he derived ant faith. For when he had not this to comfort him, peculiar pleasure from reading the 53d of Isaiah, conhe had what was better ; when he had no sight, he
cerning the sorrows of our Lord, whereby all our could walk by faith. He could find nothing in himself
sorrows are sanctified. to put the least trust in, as to his acceptance with God, For some time in his last sickness, his heavenly soul and therefore his trust was stronger in Christ. This was harassed with terrible discouragements ; under showed itself in what he said on his death-bed, “Whal which it was yet a common expression with him, “The an unfelt, what an unthought-of corruption is here,
Master hath done all things well.” But at last he both in body and in soul.” He felt more of it, and to a
attained a blessed satisfaction that he was going into greater degree, than he had ever thought of before ;
When his affectionate friends were and yet this deep sense of corruption did not drive
weeping around him, he rebuked them, saying, "Away him froin Christ, but inade his faith cleave the closer with your idols ! Away with your idols !" "A little beto him : “My flesh and my heart faileth (said he), but
fore his last illness, he wrote in his diary, "I was God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for
affected with what I read of Mr. Shewel, of Coventry, ever.” His ground for this, he declared, was, “A who died in the pulpit. Lord, let me not die meanly, covenant of mercy, free grace in the Lord Jesus: " in but in dying, bring much glory to Thee.” And so it which, knowing he had a share, he could say,
Just as he was going to expire, he seemed as if let thy servant depart in peace, for nine eyes have seen
he had some extraordinary apprehension of the glory thy salvation; now, Lord, I can lay myself down in
in which our Lord is enthroned above. He strove to peace, and safely take my rest.” In this happy frame speak to his virtuous consort, and at length exclaimed, he was praying, “ Lord, secure a soul thou hast died to "Oh! what shall I say? he is altogether lovely :” and save.” Then, after a pause, he cried, “ He will! He
to another relative, “Oh! all our praises of him here will! I have part here, I shall soon have all.” He said are poor low things.” He then added,
“ His glorious on Friday, “I bave had a glorious view of the love of angels are come for me." Upon which, he closed his Christ to my soul this morning." This love shed eyes about three o'clock on the Lord's day afternoon, abroad in his heart, brought many sweet words out of and never opened them more. his dying mouth, such as, “For me to live is Christ, Funeral sermon preached by Mr. Cotton Mather, at to die is gain; come, Lord Jesus, come quickly, and
his own desire, from Psalın xxxi, 5, “Into thine hand give me an easy dismission ; Lord, give me an easy dis
I commit my spirit.” inission to a blessed eternity.” This triuinphant faith held out to the last. He looked forward with joy when he said, “Before this time to-morrow, it may be, I
ON ALEXANDER. shall be where all sorrow shall be done away. And at another time he said, “I shall have a sabbath of
No marvel, thou, great monarch, didst complain, Trinity before I thought of it, to worship a Triune And weep there were no other worlds to gain : God," which was granted hiin : he kept his Trinity
Thy griefs and thy complaints were not amiss ; Sunday in heaven, adoring the Three Persons in One He had need grieve, who finds no world but this. Jehovah. Was there not great faith, and great conjugal
IS IT WELL: "O LOVE THE LORD!” – PSALM XXXI, 23.
Three Important Questions to Wives and Mothers. By Do not I love Thee, () my Lord,
C. T. Bedell, D.D. Rector of St. Andrew's, Philadel. And long to love Thee more?
phia. London, Tract Society, 32mo. half-bd. pp. 118. More than the food that crowns my board, Or heaps of golden store?
This is a very precious little volame, which in the most More than the blood within my veins,
earnest manner we recommend to be seriously perused The life which Thou hast given?
by every wife and every mother. Dr. Bedell is entitled
to the warmest thanks, not only of American wives and More than all other good or gains,
mothers, but of all bearing those most important titles The gifts of bounteous Heaven?
in Great Britain. From the following paragraph of the 0! what were life without thy love?
Preface, our readers will best learn the object of the Once felt, what else can bring
work. Such perfect taste of bliss above,
“The author conscientiously believes, that there are Of life's eternal spring ?
very few who understand the full weight of responsibi. I love thy watchful providence :
lity which they assume, when they consent to change Preserv'd by day and night,
their relative position in society, and thus, from the I see the good thine hands dispense,
comparatively irresponsible situation of single persons, With ever new delight.
enter upon inarried life. The great design of the au
thor, in this little work, is to state the responsibility of I love thy reign, O Lord of Hosts !
wives and mothers; and, as much as in him lies, to Thine is this earthly ball:
endeavour to stimulate them to the performance of all T'hy retributions and rewards
that is required at their hands. He has also sought to Extend alike to all.
give such counsel as might assist them in the discharge I love thy wise and just control
of the duties on which he has insisted.” O'er all things that have breath ; 'Tis this preserves the mighty whole From anarchy and death.
CHRISTIAN MELODIES. I love all nature, for 'tis thine:
THE SABBATH.—THE GARDEN.- The Christian. Thy riches spread abroad
32mo. cloth, pp.250. Lond. Simpkin & Marshall. Bespeak beneficence divine, The goodness of my God.
This beautiful volume, embellished with twelve plates
engraved on steel, is a collection of the choicest poems These springs of love and joy arise Wherever I may be;
on the several subjects included in its title. We have
no doubt but it will be highly prized as a pocket comThey daily cheer my heart and eyes.God is in all I see.
panion by many a youthful Christian, on whose account
we give it our sincere recommendation. But, O! the cross! the wondrous cross!
What scenes of love unfold
ANECDOTE OF DR. MARSHALL.
DR. MARSHALL, a lecturer on human anatomy, a man
of strong mind, had deeply studied the construction
and laws of man, and was never happier than when Long as eternal ages roll,
explaining them. He once devoted a whole lecture to Increasing as they swell.
display the profound science that was visible in the formation of the double hinges of our joints. Such was the effect of his demonstrations, that an inquisitive
friend, who had accompanied me with sceptical incliON DEATH.
nations, suddenly exclaimed with great emphasis, "A Death's awful front can ne'er dismay
man must be a fool indeed, who after duly studying his The Christian's happy wind,
own body can remain an atheist.” I felt as he did, but Which can the gloomy grave survey,
had not been aware that his objecting mind was spontaIn faith and hope resign’d.
neously working itself into so important a conviction.
- Dr. Turner. Sure the redeem'd should never dread To quit this scene of strife;
The CHRISTIAN's PENNY MAGAZINE may be delivered weekly in For well they know, that from the dead
the Towns of the United Kingdom, by those Booksellers and
Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being unThey 'll rise to purer life.
stamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a Newspaper. Gather'd beneath their Saviour's wing,
But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who With kind paternal care,
cannot obtain the publication weekly, it is published every four
weeks in parts, each including four numbers; excepting in How can they feel Death's bitter sting,
June and December, in each of which a part is pubAnd hell's dire torments ahare?
lished containing six numbers. No extra charge is made for How sweet to them the sleep of death!
the wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the Twelve
parts will be 4s. 4d. For angels soothe their rest;
The First Volume, from June 9 to December 30, 1832, may And, quicken'd by their Saviour's breath,
be had, neatly bound in cloth, price 3s. 6d. They wake among the bless'd! Death is to them but transient night, London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppio's Coort
, Life shrouded in the clay;
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid)
should be addressed; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmea in the From which they wing their joyous flight
Hawkers and Dealers Supplied on Wholesale Terins, by Breitt, Paternoster
Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand, F. BATELNA, 194, Oxfert Brighton.
R. C. Street ; and W. Ń. Baker, 16, City Road, Finsbury
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
SETTE:YBER 28, 1833.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND SO, PUPPIN'S COURI, FLEET STREET, LONDO..
before the conquest, between which periods there his house razed to the foundation, and his lands en. reigned twelve successive sovereigns, denominated tirely laid waste. In these convents they were taught Incas.
to spin, weave, and sew. The robes worn by the emManco CAPAC, the first of the Incas, with his wife, peror and his consort on solemn occasions were preand sister Oello, appeared to the savage natives on the pared by their hands, whilst others of them dressed the banks of the lake Titiaca. Their persons were calcu- victuals of the Inca. lated to inspire admiration and respect; their dress The sacrifices offered to the sun, were partly animal, was elegant; they declared themselves to be the chil- and partly of the produce of the ground. Many of the dren of ihe sun, deputed by him, in pity to the huinan Spanish historians assert that human sacrifices constirace, to civilize their manners, and to reclaim them tuted a part of their worship; and Acosta affirms, that from their barbarous habits. This assertion was two hundred infant victims were annually offered for deemed worthy of credit by the simple savages, aud the health of the Inca. These assertions are flatly Manco Capac found a people willing to receive his denied by De la Vega, who, though he admits the preJaws. Having thus succeeded in gaining over to his valence of human sacrifices amongst his remote ancesinterest a considerable number of adherents, he tors, maintains that they were abolished by the Incas, journeyed northward, fixing his rod of gold, which he who never stained the altars of the sun with human declared he had received from his father, the sun, in blood, nor could conceive that their beneficent father
he was commanded to build a city and establish his resi. the death of an Inca, or of any other eminent person, dence, on the spot where the rod shonld descend out of a considerable number of his domestics were put to sight at the first stroke. On his way, the number of death, and interred round their guacas, or lombs, that his followers continually increased; the vale of Cusco they might appear in the next world with the same was considered an eligible place for a settlement; the dignity, and be served with the same respect. On the golden rod disappeared; the foundations of the Temple death of Huayna Capac, the thirteenth Inca, above one of the Sun were laid ; Cusco, the capital of his new thousand victims were doomed to accompany his body empire, was built; and virgins of the royal blood were to the tomb). Four great annual festivals were kept; appointed to serve at the altar of the new divinity. the greatest of which were solemnized at the summer
There was only one principal temple dedicated to solstice, in honour of the sun and his descendants, the the sun. This temple was in the city of Cusco, built Incas. Besides these, there were monthly festivals, of freestone, but its forın is undescribed. The riches chiefly observed by the priests within their temples. in the interior are said to have been immense. The A perpetual fire was kept in the great temple at Cusco, walls were incrusted internally with gold, and of gold and the other temples throughout the empire, from was the figure of the sun, of great magnitude, covering year to year, under the inspection of the nuns, or vestal one side of the temple. This figure was round, like its virgins. original, with rays diverging from every part of its Avarice and thirst for gold, inspired the Spaniards circumference; on each side of it were thrones of gold, in their conquest of Peru. All the immense riches of on which were placed, in a sitting posture, the bodies the celebrated “Temple of the Sun,” at Cusco, fell into of the deceased' Incas. Its gates were of gold, and a their hands; and one of them, to whose share the cornice of gold, a yard deep, surrounded the top of the ** Image of the Sun” fell, lost it at play before sunrise walls on the outside. In every part of the temple in the morning! To follow Pizarro and Almagro, were exhibited, by way of ornament, representations with their immediate successors, through the whole of in gold, of almost every object with which the Peru. their progress, would conduct us to every recess of vians were acquainted. Besides these, were other villany; and disclose scenes of treachery, cruelty, and rooms full of images; one in particular, in which was wickedness, in their most hateful forms! a silver statue of the moon, with a female face, seated Pagan idolatry is overthrown in Peru : and Popery, on a silver throne. On each side of this image were in its most degrading character of ignorance and superplaced, on silver thrones, the bodies of their deceased stition, prevails in this rich district of South America : queens, embalmed like those of their husbands, the Incas, but we trust the time is not far distant, when “the Sun with such art that they seemed alive. To this image of of Righteousness shall arise, with healing in his wings," the moon, as sister and wife of the sun, and mother of and bless the wretched Peruvians. Thousands of the Incas, the Peruvians sacrificed. Besides this chief copies of the Holy Scriptures have been distributed in temple, there were four other temples in Cusco, all of that country, and many are evidently thirsting for a pyramidal form; they were richly decorated, and “the waters of life,” which are conveyed by the word called, “The Teinple of the Moon "-"The Temple of God. of the Stars” -“The Temple of the Rainbow," and “The Temple of the Thunder,” which were all accounted servants and attendants of the sun, and were THE CHRISTIAN'S APPEAL TO THE INFIDEL. worshipped with inferior homage. Those of the rain.
If Revelation be, as some suppose, bow and thunder were adorned with gold, the other
An empty fiction, whence delusion flows, two with silver. To these temples were appended a
The fabled error with no evil teems, large court for the priests, where they met to consult
It charms me waking, and delights my dreams. on religious matters.
With seraph tongue it bids my troubles cease,
And points to paths of pleasantness and peace. A number of select females, called “The Virgins of
Nor will its comforts fail, when fails my breath, the Sun,” were devoted to the service of the divinity.
But, like an angel, bless my soul in death, These, in Cusco, were all of the royal family; in the
Yet should the pleasing hope its voice inspires provinces, they were of the noblest families. They
Delusive prove, when aged Time expires, were admitted into convents at eight years of age,
The fond delusion, from all mischief free, where they lived in perpetual retirement, and inviola
Hereafter will not, cannot injure me.
But think, should its tremendous threats prove true, ble virginity, being permitted to see neither man nor
What must, О Infidel! become of you. woman, except the empress. If any man attempted to stain their virgin purity, the punishment of death extended not merely to the offender, but to the whole of He that would be little in temptation, let him be his family; even his herds and flocks were destroyed, much in prayer. -- Owen.
and are ready to exclaim with the prophet of old, THE BEAUTIES OF CHRISTIANITY.
“ Before time existed, God is our King. (Continued from p. 299.)
In Job, the historic style changes into elegy: here
indeed we find the same simplicity, the saine sublimity, On the Connection of Christianity with Literature.
as in Genesis. Job is the perfeet type of melancholy,
the emblem of suffering humanity; and the inspired Having thus far discoursed on the doctrinal beauties writer has found lainentations sufficient to express all of Christianity, let us enter upon the second branch of the afflictions incident to the whole human race. As, our subject. The productions most foreign to us, the inoreover, every thing in Scripture has a final reference sacred books of heathen nations, excite in us no sur. to the new covenant, we are authorized in believing, prise; we find in all of them the ordinary chain of that these clegies were composed for the days of human ideas. The Bible alone is like none of them; mourning of the church of Christ. it is a monument detached from all others. Twenty With regard to the poetic character of the Holy authors, living at periods very distant from each other, Scriptures, we may use the words of the learned composed the sacred hooks; and yet their different Dr. Lowth: “ What is there in the whole compass of styles, equally inimitable, are not to be met with in any poetry, or what can the human mind conceive more other writing. But this is not the only extraordinary grand, more noble, or more animated, what is there thing which men unanimously discover in the Scriptures : more beautiful or interesting, than the sacred writings those who will not acknowledge the authenticity of the of the Hebrew Prophets? They equal the almost inexBible, nevertheless believe that there is something more pressible greatness of the subjects, by the splendour of than common in this same Bible. There is not a situa- their diction and the majesty of their poetry.” tion in life, for which a text, apparently dictated with The third and last style of the sacred volume, is an express reference to it, may not be found in the that of the New Testament: here the sublimity of the Bible.
prophets is softened into tenderness; here love itself It would be a difficult task to persuade us, that all speaks, and the Word is really made flesh. The repossible contingencies of fortune, with all their con- ligion of the Son of God is the essence, as it were, of sequences, had been foreseen and penned by men. what is most celestial in all religions. The character Now it is certain that we find in the Scriptures - of the evangelical style is a tone of parental authority, The groundwork of all the human sciences.
mingled with a certain fraternal indulgence, and unAll the political precepts, from the pastoral ages and speakable commiseration of a God, who, to redeem us,
the patriarchal governinent, to the ages of cor- deigned to become the son and brother of men. “If ruption.
the Scripture," says St. Gregory, “ comprehends All the moral precepts, applicable to all ranks and to mysteries above the most enlightened understandings, all the incidents of life.
it also contains simple truths for the nourishment of of the styles of Scripture, three are particularly re- the humble and illiterate; it carries wherewith to markable.
suckle infants, and wherewith to fill the greatest geIst. The historic, as that of Genesis and the Pen- niuses with adiniration." tateuch.
Let us now consider the effects of Christianity upon 2d. Sacred poetry, as it exists in the Psalms and literature in general. On whatever side you view the Prophecies.
religion of the gospel, you find that it enlarges the 3d. The evangelical, or Gospel style.
understanding, and tends to expand the feelings; in The first of these, with a charm that baffles ex- the sciences, its tenets are not hostile to any natural pression, sometimes imitates the narrative, as in the truth, its doctrine forbids not study: a religion which history of Joseph ; at others, bursts out into lyric can claim a Bacon, a Newton, a Grotius, a Pascal, and song, as after the passage of the Red Sea : here sighs a Fenelon, such a religion may boast of being favourable forth the elegy of the holy Arab; there, with Ruth, sings to philosophy: We yet read with pleasure the proaffecting pastorals. This chosen people, whose every fession of' faith of that most illustrious man, Lord step is marked with miracles,—this people, for whom Chancellor Bacon, and the prayer which he was accusthe sun stands still, the rock pours forth water, and tomed to repeat before he repaired to business : this the heavens shower down inanna, could not have Christian simplicity in a great man is truly affecting. ordinary annals. Their revolutions are alternately Newton and Bossuet uncovered their heads when related with the trumpet, the lyre, and the pastoral pronouncing the name of God: they were more worthy pipe; and the style of their history is in itself a con. of admiration at that moinent, than when the one tinual miracle, that attest3 the truth of those things weighed those worlds, the dust of which, with all its which it perpetuates. He who has the least taste for vanities, the other taught mankind to despise. the beautiful, is marvellously astonished from one end Whoever rejects those sublime notions of nature and to the other of the Bible. What can be compared to of God which religion inspires, wilfully deprives himthe opening of Genesis, “In the beginning God created self of an abundant source of images and ideas. Hc, the heavens and the earth ?” God stoops to the lan- in fact, will be most intimately acquainted with man, guage of men, to rednce his wonders to the level of who has long studied providence; he will be best able their comprehension, and still he is God. When we to fathom human wisdom, who has most exainined the reflect that Moses is the most ancient historian, when depths of divine intelligence. we consider him as the author of one of the most The restlessness of the heart, the secret workings of excellent legislative codes, and as the most sublime the passions, will be inexplicable, unless we consult the writer that ever existed, we cannot forbear feelings of counsels of the Most High. Let us then take eternity astonishment; but when, with reference to Christianity, for the groundwork of the history of time, let us refer we remark, that the history of the Israelites is not only every thing to God as the Universal Cause, a God the real history of ancient days, but the type, likewise, attentive to the interests of the earth; impiety, on the of modern times; that the Jewish people is a syın- other hand, the inmediate cause of the calamities bolical epitome of the human race; that Jerusalem of nations. Every writer who refuses to believe in a must be taken for another city, the Land of Proinise God, the author of the universe, excludes infinity from for another region, and the call of Abraham for his works, he confines his intellect within a circle, another vocation ;--we want words for our sentiments, froin which it cannot escape : he sees nothing that is