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unto you and to your children, and to all that are afar

off.” Sunday School Lectures.

What is the Holy Ghost to do for us? - To take

away the hurthen of our sins and make us holy, to LECTURE VI.

comfort those who feel their sins to be a burthen, and GIVE US THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD."

to strengthen us to fight against the world, the flesh,

and the devil. Teacher. There is a great difference between the Teacher. Then if you wish to be saved from hell, Bible and every other book; and indeed that cannot be you must pray to God to give you his Holy Spirit, who wondered at, seeing that God is the author of the only can make you fit to live with a holy God in Bible, while man the author of every other book in heaven.

C. R. A. the world; therefore there must be a vast difference between the production or work of a finite being and an infinite being, between the work of God and the

AN ECCENTRIC CHARACTER. work of man. Why may it be expected that there should be a vast

"By their fruits ye shall know them.” difference between the Bible and every other book?Because holy men, inspired of God, wrote the Bible ;

“We last week recorded the death of Mr. Isaac Coverand men, hy their iinperfect wisdom, wrote every other dale, of Hawsker, near Whitby, farmer, aged eightybook in the world.

seven years. For the last fourteen or fifteen years, Teacher. One great thing which may he remarked in

this reinarkable individual had constantly lain in bed, the Bible is this, that the Bible often speaks of two

not from any infirmity or weakness, but from choice. things at once; it often speaks of the wants of the He was fond of reading, and amused himself with body and of the wants of the soul at the same time; books and newspapers ; visitors generally found his and in the prophecies, it often foretels two things at

bed covered with these articles. Being of a cheerful, the same time.

conversable disposition, he was frequently visited both What peculiarity, or what great thing in particular by his neighbours and strangers, and' was, coniemay be remarked in the Bible? - That it often speaks quently, better acquainted with the news of the day of two things at once.

than most of those who made greater use of their Teacher. Now this is the case with this part of the

powers of locomotion. At the late election for the Lord's prayer, “Give us this day our daily bread;" it borough of Whitby, he was prevailed upon to leave his refers to the wants of the body, and also to the wants

bed, and was taken to the poll-booth in a carriage to of the soul: 1 spoke last Sunday concerning the wants

give his vote.”Hull Advertiser. of the body, I shall therefore now speak concerning the wants of the soul.

A USEFUL CHARACTER. What do we ask God to do for our souls, when we say, “Give us this day our daily bread?” - To give us

“ On the 5th instant (July), at Sunderland, died the blessings of grace by the Holy Spirit.

John White, Esq. aged sixty-nine. For eighteen years Teacher. The soul wants food as well as the body;

he enjoyed salvation by faith, and was possessed with and as bread keeps alive the body, so does the grace of

an unusual interest in the distribution of tracts and the Holy Spirit cherish, quicken, or keep alive the other religious books suitable to the poor and the Christian's soul; inasmuch as the soul of man is

rising generation. At his own expense he had caused naturally. “ dead in trespasses and sins."

to be published seven or eight editions of suitable What is the bread of the soul ? - The grace of the

works, particularly one of Doddridge's Rise and Holy Spirit.

Progress of Religion in the Soul,' consisting of 10,000 What does bread do for the body? --- It keeps it alive,

copies. All these, besides an incalculable number of strengthens, and comforts it.

tracts, purchased at the depot in London, he gratuiWhat does the grace of the Holy Spirit do for the

tously caused to be distributed. His end was not only soul?--It keeps it alive, overcomes its corruptions ; it peaceful, but triomphant, longing to depart and to be strengthens and comforts the soul in all its powers.

with Christ, which is far better.” Patriot. Teacher. The blessings and grace of the Holy Spirit, Reflections of a most profitable kind will arise from as the Scripture clearly

states, may be possessed by all reading the notices of the “Eccentric,” as well as of who choose to pray for them (Isa. Iv, 1 ; Rev. xxii, 17), the “Useful” character. How truly pitiable does an and we pray God, when we say, “Take not thy Holy

old man appear, seeking mere amusement on the borders Spirit froin us," or, “Give us this day our daily bread,”

of the grave! How unworthy " the reason of a man!” not on account of our sins to shut us up to condemna- On the other hand, bow truly admirable and exemplary tiou, but still to allow us to come to the fountain of

the conduct of him, who, in the anticipation of imlife, where we may be washed from our sins, and mortal happiness through the mediation of Christ, where we may obtain strength and comfort.

labours, in his last days, to proinote the temporal and Who may obtain the Holy Spirit? - All.

eternal welfare of his fellow-men, by a portion of his How may we obtain the Holy Spirit? - By asking

property expended in diffusing among them the knowGod to send him into our hearts through Christ.

ledge of the glorious gospel! Who obtained the Holy Spirit for us? Jesus Christ.

In what words did Jesus promise the Holy Spirit to his disciples ? -“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide

“Faith enables us to see love behind a cloud, and to with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth." John own, that if there was mercy in the gift of prosperity, xiv, 16.

there is mercy also in its removal." This proinise was made by Christ to his disciples : “Faith penetrates the cloud to see how do we know that the Holy Spirit was obtained hy

God's kindness in prosperity; Christ for us also ? - Because it is declared to be for

Which, if in wisdom he removes, all persons, in all ages (Acts ii, 38, 39), “And ye shall

Faith owns it mercy, and approves." receive the gift of the Holy Ghost; for the promise is

JANE.

MY SCRAP BOOK

little from Egypt. They live alike, and die alike. Some

professors promise themselves safety in pestilence from LEAF XII.

this promise, viz. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and

ten thousand at thy right hand, but it shall not come nigh "The Bee that wanders, and sips from every flower, disposes thee.Psalm xci, 7. BUT WHY? Because thou hast what she has gathered into her cells." — SENECA.

made the Lord, the Most High, thy habitation.Ver. 9. ANECDOTE OF THE CELEBRATED RICHARD BAXTER. That is, a dwelling in God by a holy life. It is a proGeorge VILLIERS, Duke of Buckingham, an accom

mise of preservation, with a condition ; such as expect it plished courtier, and companion of Charles II, was

without, why not salvation too, without believing ?-Id. distinguished for his open infidelity, and the ridicule AUSTIN, upon the answer of God to Moses, Exod. with which he treated the sacred writings. His friend, xxxiii, 20, ** Thou cunst not see my face and lice," John Wilinot, Earl of Rochester, another fit companion makes this quick and sweet reply, “They, Lord, let me of the same monarch, was equally remarkable for the die, that I may see thy face.” Brooks. dissoluteness of his manners, and for the pains he took Time.-Qu. Eliz, on her death-bed cried out, “ Time! to corrupt others. These two noblemen riding in the

Time! a world of wealth for an inch of time."-Idem. country, discovered Mr. Baxter at some distance riding towards them. The person and character of that holy

BISHOP ATTERBURY, in his advanced years, writes man were well known to them, and they loved a joke too

thus in a letter to Mr. Pope, “I, who squandered whole well to suffer the present occasion to pass without one,

days heretofore, now husband hours, when the glass even though it should be at the expense of decency and

begins to run low, and care not to mispend them on

trifies. good manners. Upon Mr. Baxter's approach, therefore,

At the end of the lottery of life, our last the peers halted, and taking off their bats with the com

minutes, like tickets left in the wheel, rise in their valui. · mon salutation, they very gravely inquired, Pray,

tion. They are not of so much worth perhaps in themMr. Baxter, which is the nearest road to Hell?' The good

selves, as those which preceded, but we are apt to man, though astonished and shocked at the abruptness

prize them more, and with reason.” and profanity of the question, immediately replied,

Time is the season and opportunity of carrying on “Rochester, some say,

any work, and for that reason is one of the most valua. But BUCKINGHAM's the nearest way.”

ble things; and yet nothing is more wastefully spent,

and more prodigally squandered away by a great part Upon receiving which answer, the two peers slunk

of mankind than this, which, next to our immortal away silenced and confounded. - Walter Wilsun.

souls, is of all things most precious; because upon the There shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

right use or abuse of our time, our eternal happiness Matt. xiii, 42. Oh! how do persons play with Scrip

or misery does depend. Men have generally some ture thunder! The Word printed, is like fire painted, guard upon themselves as to their money and estates, which they can see and feel without fear. But could and will not with eyes open suffer others to rob and they stand at the gates of hell, and hear the damned deprive them of them: but we will let any body almost howl, it would make their hair stand on end, and fill rob us of our time, and are contented to expose this their hearts with horror. But what shall we say of an

precious treasure to every body's rapine and extortion; eternal being in that state of torinent! The damnation and can quietly look on, while men thrust in their of hell is beyond all definition; much harder to define hands and take it out by whole handfuls, as if it were than the Spanish Inquisition; which a painter despair- of no greater value than silver was in Solomon's days, ing to do, did not picture one man with a knife in his no more than stones in the street. And yet, when it is throat, a second with a sword in his heart, a third with gone, all the silver and gold in the world cannot purhis arms torn off, but took a table and covered it all chase and fetch back the least moment of it, when perover with blood, crying out, BLOOD! Blood! So haps we would give all the world for a very small part may a minister cry out, FIRE! FIRE ! for a definition of that time, which we parted with upon such cheap of damnation.-Waite.

and easy terms. Tillotson. Prayer.-Let prayer and endeavour be linked toge- Inscription on the Sepulchre of a man, who had ther. He that prays, and not endeavours, mocks lingered half a century in a Dungeon. Written by God. He that endeavours, and not prays, mocks Mr. E. Button. himself. Prayer is to be performed with much fre. Ope, jealous portal! Ope thy cavern womb, quency, fervency, and solemnity.-- Idem.

Thy pris’ner will not fee its close embrace; Take heed of praying to persons, instead of praying

He lived and moved too long within a toinb, for them, i.e. by affected phrases, and tinkling tones.

Beyond its narrow bounds to dream of space. Hateful is that prayer to God, which is devised, formed, To eat his crust, and musc, unvarying lot, and phrased to please man and no better are the Thus, like his beard, his life slow length’ning grew; prayers of some persons. The devil is such a chemist, he So long shut out, the world the wretch forgot, can extract evil out of good, and poison a person with His cell his universe, 'twas all he knew. his own prayers, by puffing him up with pride in

For Memory soon with roving pinions wheeld them. - Idem.

In circles less'ning each successive flight, Temptation. - As he that carrieth gunpowder about Her sickly wings at length enfeebled, yield, him had need keep far from fire; so he that carrieth Too weak to scale the walls that bound his sight. corruption, had need keep far from temptation. As But Hope sat with him once, and cheer'd his day, when children meet a horse, cart, or cow, they will And rais'd his limbs, and kept his lamp alight; (if timorous) run ten times farther out of the way than Scared by his groans, at length she fled away, they need; so let men learn to flee from sin. -- Idem.

Left him alone to spend one endless night. Conformity to the World. - Beware of world-likeness. What change to him, then, is this vault below, Likeness in Caristians to the world in sin, causes like- Froin that where late the captive was confin’d? ness in sorrow. When the small pox, or plague rages, But this, - a worm here feeds upon his brow, the reason why God puts so little difference between While there, it gnawed its wasting tenant mind. the Egyptians and Israel, is because Israel differs so

S. J. B*****

“ ENOCH WALKED WITH GOD." Guide me, O iny Saviour, guide me,

In the path that Enoch trod : From thy fulness grace provide me,

Enoch-like, to walk with God. O the bliss of this employment!

Higher honour no man knows : Sweetest, dearest, best enjoyment,

Flows from hence, for ever flows. Lord ! 'tis sweet to do thy pleasure :

Thy commands, how dear they be! Dearer than the richest treasure

Is my Saviour's will to me. Great reward and high enjoyment

Blend my duty with my zeal :
Love constrains; 'tis love's employment

Ever to obey his will.
But, though willing is my spirit,

Weak and frail this flesh I feel;
Evils many I inherit,

Hindrances to love and zeal.
Let thy grace prevail, my Saviour !

Love to God and man be mine;
Sanctify my whole behaviour;

All my heart and soul be thine !
Greater strength from Thee possessing,

Let me every moment prove
All my nature, through thy blessing,

Growing up to perfect love.
Thus the path with joy pursuing,

Saints in ages past have trod, All my Father's pleasure doing, Let me ever WALK WITH God.

N. B.

CHRISTIAN BREATHINGS : In a Series of Devotional Poems. By the late Mr. Na.

thaniel Biggs. 18mo. pp. 126. London. How little can be known of that communion, which the soul of a real Christian is accustomed to hold with God! Acting upon the precept of the Saviour, “ But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, &c.;" to whom can he make known what his soul has there enjoyed ? Nay, if it were possible, what language could be used to describe that expansiveness of feeling experienced by him who has • fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ?” All such communications must be purely of a spiritual character. Yet it is delightful to trace the workings of a soul, which we know to have been often in the situation supposed, expressed in such strains as language admits. The “Breathings" before us, evidently show how the spirit of the departed author worked. The inan can be traced by those who knew him, in the manner of his “Breathing." He was possessed of a high tone of Christian feeling, and in these devotional poems that feeling is carried out. We have selected one, and if our readers have any relish for it, we assure them that there are many more of the same character in the little volume.

HINTS ON THE PORTABLE EVIDENCE OF

CHRISTIANITY, By Joseph John Gurney. Second Edition, 18mo. cloth,

pp. 194. London, Arch. Christianity,” sceptics have said, “is not founded in argument.” But it by that ambiguous phrase they mean to declare that Christianity cannot be justified in its claims to divinity by argument, it may be confi. dently replied, that every argument which can be applied to the subject will support it as true, and consequently divine. And no man has ever sat down to examine it seriously in the character of an unbeliever, but he has risen up convinced that it came from heaven, and that it is an unspeakable blessing from God. But no class of arguments for our holy religion are to be compared with that which is derived from experience : and this is what is intended by the title before us The Porlable Evidence of Christianity.

Mr. Gurney has rendered a new service to his countrymen by this valuable little volume, to which we give our warmest recommendation. “The subject," says our author in his preface, “naturally divides itself into two parts. In the first place, the Bible, considered alone, affords, in the purity, dignity, harmony, and practical importance, of its contents, sufficient cvidences of its own divine origin. And, secondly, the accurdance of the truths revealed in Scripture, with what we know in ourselves, and observe in the world around us, and more especially in the adaptation of the gospel of Christ to the condition of fallen man, supplies us with a further conclusive proof, that the Creator and moral Governor of the Universe, is the Author of the Bible.”

THE THORN IN THE Flesh. – 2 Cor. xii, 9.

What though a thorn my bosom bears,
And varied are the wants and cares

That mark my chequer'd way;
My God hath said, in whom I live,
My grace is thine, and strength I give

According to thy day.
'Tis prov'd, the glorious truth is prov'd,
Although the thorn be not remov’d,

And sufferings yet remain ;
Needful they are, and wise, and good,
And if but darkly understood,

The future will explain.
Sufficient for the day the ill;
The bitter and the sweet shall still

Subserve my Lord's design:
His will be done, I love to pray;
And, chiding every doubt, I say,

Olet His will be mine!
His promis'd grace and strength is given,
Let every murmuring thought be driven

For ever from my breast;
Sustain’d invisibly, but sure,
Let me the present ills endure,

And leave to Him the rest. Enough for ine that I have known His grace and strength;

- and 'tis iny own,
My joy and triump! still!
From day to day my hidden meat,
And dear, and good, and passing sweet,

O'erpowering every ill."
If, then, the thorn must needs be mine,
O let ine never dare repine,

Nor yet my fate deplore ;
But let me bow and bless the rod,
Since Christ's own power, the power of God,

Shall rest on ne the more.

London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,

Fleet Street; to whom all Coinmunications for the Editor (post paid) should be addressed; -and sold by all Booksellers and Newsweu in the

United Kingdom. Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STEILE,

Paternoster Row ; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAISLER, 124, Oxford Street; and W. N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.

PENNY MAGAZINE.

N: 66.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.

SEPTEMBER 7, 1833.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND SON, POPPIN'S Coulli, FLEET STREET, LOND).N.

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INDIANS OF NORTH WEST AMERICA VISITED BY A MISSIONARY
AMERICAN INDIANS.

enumerate thein. He forms the Indian tribes into

three grand divisions. I. East of the Mississippi, 120,625 CHRISTIAN loenevolence has demonstrated its heavenly persons. II. Between the Mississippi and the Rocky origin, by diffusing its inestimable benefits among the Mountains, 179,592. III. West of the Rocky Mounwretched'inhabitants of the most dreary regions of the tains, 171,200. Total, 471,417. The whole number of earth. Greenland, Labrador, and Kamtschatka, and tribes and branches dispersed over this vast country, the various tribes of the American Indians, have been he coinputes at 260, some of which are reduced to visited by evangelical missionaries, with the imperisha- fifteen souls, and several are quite extinct: but others ble tidings of eternal salvation, and God has graciously number thousands, and the Choctaws amount to crowned their labours with success.

25,000. The Indian families average at five or six Our engraving represents a missionary herald em- individuals, and their warriors are as one in three, or bracing these degraded beings, and inviting their atten- one in five. Besides the Choctaws, the most considertion to the doctrines of pardon, holiness, and everlasting able of these Indian nations are Cherokees, Chicasaws, life, by the inediation of Jesus Christ.

Chippaways, Creeks, Delawares, Mohawks, Manadans, Norih of the boundaries of the Cnited States, from Moskitoes, Oneidas, Osages, Ottawas, Senecas, Seminorth latitude 40° to the shores of the Frozen Sea in noles, Tuscaroras, &c. north latitude 70°, comprehending a space of inore The Indians have a remarkable similarity in their than 2,000 miles, and from the Lake of the Woods in external appearance. Their bodies are slight, but weil west longitude 94°10 Vancouver's Island in west made: their eyes black, and their hair of the same longitude 126°, comprising an extent of nearly 1,500 colour, lank and straight. The cheek bones of the miles, from east to west across the Rocky Mountains, men are a little raised; the women have thein still there are scattered innumerable tribes of Indians, higher. The woinen are more inclined to be fat than “sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death." the men, owing, it is believed, to their being less enDr. Morse, an American divine, has endeavoured to gaged in the chase. Their colour is that of copper ; a Vol. II.

20

colour, which, as lias been frequently observed, is deed were the trials they had to encounter here, chiefly peculiar to the Americans. Some travellers assert that through the wars of the Indians, as they severally took they generally have no beard : others, that this is part either with the French or British. În one instance, entirely owing to the care they take to eradicate the ninety-six men, women, and children, were treahair from every part of their bodies except their heads. cherously made prisoners hy white banditti, and tomaAll the various tribes have a close resemblance in their hawked in cold blood. In another instance, in 1755, dress, which, in their original state, consists entirely eleven Missionaries, male and female, were burnt in of furs and hides; one piece fastened round their their habitation by a troop of Indians in the French waist, which reaches the middle of the thigh, and service. Several Missionaries have been sent among another larger piece thrown over the shoulders. Their the Indians by “The American Board of Missions," stockings are of skins, fitted to the shape of the leg, “ The American Foreign Missionary Society," "The the seams ornamented with porcupines' quills; their New York Missionary Society,” and “The Society for shoes of the skin of the deer, elk, or buffalo, dressed, the Propagation of the Gospel,” in England. for the most part, with the hair on : they are made to “The Church Missionary Society” has undertaken fasten about the ankles, where they have ornaments of a mission to the American Indians in the territories brass or tin, about an inch long, hung by thongs. The of the Hudson's Bay Company; two English clergywomen are all covered from the knees upwards. Their men in connection with the Society are stationed at petticoats reach from their waists to the knees, and, the Red River, south of Lake Winnipeg. A few like their shifts, are of leather. Their shoes and stock- months after the first missionary had reached his ings are not different from those of the men.

station, he took a journey of above five hundred miles, Their tents or huts are composed of poles, extended drawn by dogs in a sledge over the snow, to visit the below, and meeting in a point at the top: these are Indians. In this journey it was, that he had the intercovered sometimes with skins, with bark, or with mats view represented in the engraving. He had particularly made of rushes. They are without windows, and have noticed a boy about seven years of age, and wished to no chimneys but a small opening left at the top : so have him as a scholar. Soon after he left the Indians, that, in rainy weather, the inhabitants must either be the father of the boy observed, that, as the missionary drenched in water, or almost suffocated with smoke. stood between the Great Spirit and the Indians, - that The same skins which by day serve them for seats, is, came to teach them the will of the Great Spirit-he serve them for beds by night; and they are spread on could refuse him nothing : he accordingly sent him to the ground for that purpose, round the fire, which is the school. in the centre.

The Church Missionary Report for 1831, says, Marriage is not unknown among the American “Two Indian boys, who had been brought by Governor Indians, but its sacredness is but little regarded. On Simpson, about four years ago, from the Rocky Mounthe woman is devolved every domestic charge: she tains, and had been under the instruction of Mr. Cockerects the tent, procures wood for the fire, manages ran, went home on a visit to their parents. They have the agricultural affairs, dresses the provisions, catches since returned, bringing with them five other boys : the fish, and makes traps for small animals; while the four of these are the sons of four different chieftains, unfeeling husband employs himself only in the chase. the heads of four large tribes of Indians dwelling

Some of the Indian tribes, we are told, however, as beyond the Rocky Mountains, and each of them speakthe Cherokees, Creeks, and Uchees, are becoming ing a different dialect from the others. They manifest sensible of the inconveniences of savage life, and of a considerable desire to learn; and, should it please the necessity of adopting agricultural habits, as the God, may become the instruments of guiding many only means now left to prevent their total extirpation of their countrymen to the knowledge of the true The Cherokees especially have made great progress in God.” the cultivation of their lands, and some of them have good plantations, and even Negro slaves; many of

LETTER FROM AN ESQUIMAUX INDIAN, the women also spin and weave cotton stuff, and are improving in various respects.

Converted to Christ by the ministry of the Moravian Successful efforts have been made from time to time, Missionaries, by whom it was translated into the to diffuse among these degraded beings the knowledge English language. of Christ and the blessings of pure religion. JOHN Eliot, deservedly called “The Apostle of the Indians," “In the presence of Jesus, I now write with pleasure entered into a system of missionary labours to benefit to my dear brethren and sisters on the other side of these people, and continued in his work forty-four

the ocean. years, until the year 1690. He learned their language, and translated for them the whole Scriptures, besides

“My dear Brethren and Sisters, several standard works of theology. Dr. Mather, in

“ I will now relate to you, how it is with me. a letter dated 1687, says, “There are sir churches of I am not yet old: however, I am past youthful years; baptized Indians in New England, and eighteen assem- and from a child have belonged to this congregation. blies of catechumens! Of the Indians, there are twenty- I there learnt to read the word of God well with my four who are preachers of the Word of God; and mouth, but did not understand it in my heart, and besides these there are four English ministers.” A knew not Jesus. But now I know him, and his words short time after the death of Mr. Eliot, the Doctor, in are clear in my soul, and I experience his great love. a sermon, says, “In this one province, Massachussetts, I know that, for me, he came down from heaven; for the Indians have mostly embraced the Christian religion. me, he spoke saving words; for me, he prayed; and There are, I suppose, more than thirty congregations for me, sweat blood in his agony; for me, he bore his of Indians, and more than three thousand Indians in this cross; for me, he suffered; for me, he died; for me, one province, calling on God in Christ, and hearing his he lay in the grave; for me, he rose again ; and for me, glorious word!”

ascended into heaven, and thereby he took away my sins The United Brethren have, from 1731, had Mission- also. With astonishment I contemplate this his great aries among the Indians in the back settlements of love to my soul; and I am now determined, out of Philadelphia, North Carolina, Georgia, and among the thankfulness to him, to live alone to his pleasure in Cherokees on the borders of Tenessee; but severe in this world."

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