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tians ; therefore we have need of God's mercies every MERCY AN “ATTRIBUTE OF GOD."
(In reply to a Correspondent, U. B.) far more so, worse than nothing; therefore God's Edification, not controversy, is the grand object of mercies are daily; they are bestowed on us every day, the “ Christian's Penny Magazine.” Conscious, howevery hour, every moment : what a merciful God then
ever, of our fallibility, we dare not presume to affirm we have !
that we never shall insert or allow a mistaken proposiThough we pray to God every day to give us those tion in its pages. Our respected Correspondent U. B. things which we want, nevertheless we call them our own ; must nevertheless permit us to justify the propriety of how can those things of which we are in constant want, calling “Mercy an Attribute of God.” We believe he be called our own? It is called our own because we is sincere in stating his “conclusion somewhat differare to labour for it, because we are to get our bread by ing,” and in being“ induced to solicit" information honestly working for it.
concerning “better means to judge of the propriety or Teacher. This shows is that God does not intend
impropriety of his formed conclusion.” that man should be idle; but it shows us this truth, Dr. Dick's opinion we highly respect, and consider “That if a man will not work, neither shall be eat.” the country under great obligation to that excellent
It says, “Give us this day," &c.; what are we to learn writer for his learned and edifying writings, especially, from these two words being added : — It shows us that his “Christian Philosopher," " Philosophy of Religion, we are to pray for our daily bread every day, every and “ Philosophy of a Future State.” His “ Improvemorning when we get up:
ment of Society by the Diffusion of Knowledge,” we “Give us this day,” &c. ; what does this have not yet seen. But we are not disposed to admit word “ give” show us ? — That it is a free gift from any statement of that superior author as authority for God; that we do not deserve it.
excluding “ Mercy” from the list of the “Divine AtTeacher. We must use the means to procure what we tributes. U. B.'s quotation from the Doctor's “Phineed. Suppose we are farmers, we must plant and losophy of Religion,” declaring “Goodness is the sow, or we shall certainly have no wheat or bread ; genus and Mercy the species,” we disapprove, as not nevertheless, all our labour, sowing and planting, will adapted to promote edification; and we would say, in be of no use, unless God gives the increase, by making the language of Dr. Dick himself, in speaking (in anthe sun to shine on our labours, and the rain to come other work) of terms used to denote the attributes of down from heaven. But if (tod were not to give us Deity " But these, and other expressions of a similar rain and fine weather, and thus cause that there should kind, are mere technical terms, which convey no adebe a famine in the land, we should have no right to quate, nor even tolerable notion of what they import." complain, because God would be only dealing with us - Christian Philosopher, p. 42. justly; we deserve punishment, and not blessings; and Dr. Johnson, in his Dictionary, calls “ Attribute, the therefore we should be thankful to God for his good- thing attributed to another, as Perfection to God.” ness to us; and as we ask of God, in the morning tu Surely our respected Correspondent will admit that give us our daily bread, so in the evening we should Mercy is attributed to God; and therefore ii must be a never forget to thank him for his blessings.
Divine Attribute: especially when he reads the awful What do we pray for when we say, give us this day and glorious proclaination of the Divine name by our daily bread ?"— That God would always give us Jehovah himself: “And the LORD passed by before those things which are necessary for us, through Jesus him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The Lord God, mer. Christ.
ciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodTeacher. Though God gives us all those things which ness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving we want, we must not forget that we do not deserve one iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no of these blessings, for we all have sinned, and offended means clear the guilty ; visiting the iniquity of the faagainst God, and we deserve only punishment and thers upon the children, and upon the children's chi). death: and we must remember, that it is only through dren, unto the third and to the fourth generation.” Jesus Christ, that we do now, as it is, receive them ; Exod. xxxiv, 6, 7. only for Jesus Christ's sake, who shed his blood for Buck, in his l'heological Dictionary," says, "Mercy sinners, died on the cross for us, that by his death we of God, is his readiness to relieve the miserable, and to might live. What a merciful God then ours is, to give pardon the guilty. 1. It is essential to his nature. Exod. us all those things which we want, when we deserve to xxxiv, 6, 7." be treated in an exactly contrary manner! What a Jones, in his “ Biblical Cyclopædia,” calls “ Mercy powerful God ours is, to be able to give us all things an essential attribute of Deity; for the discovery of that we want! What a just and holy God ours is, to which we are indebted wholly to Divine revelation.” keep so to what he has declared, for God said, “the Calmet, in his “ Dictionary of the Bible,” says, soul that sinneth it shall die,” and therefore he can Mercy is one of the noblest attributes of Deity.” give us these blessings only through Christ, who died Dr. Dwight, in his valuable "System of Theology," instead of us upon the cross, that God might be just, treats of the “ Attributes of God," in the following and yet receive and forgive the sinner. If then God is order, in several Sermons : 1. Eternity. 2. Immutabiso holy and just, how foolish must all those be who lity. 3. Omnipresence. 4. Omniscience. 5. Omnipohope to be saved through their own good works, falsely tence. 6. Independence. 7. Benevolence. 8. Justice. so called, and not trust only in Christ, who will give 9. Truth. 10. Mercy. 11. Wisdom. them the Holy Spirit to take away their sins, and his Dr. Owen, who has been pronounced “ 'The Prince of own righteousness, which is pure and spotless; and who Theologians," in his “Greater Catechism,” writes as at last will make them just, place thein in a holier follows: state than Adam and Eve were before they sinned, and “ What are the attributes of God? — His infinite peribus receive them into everlasting habitations, the fections, in being and working. Rev. iv. 8-11. mansions prepared for all those who love Christ! If “What are the chief attributes of his being ? - EterGod, too, is so powerful, how we should fear to offend nity, infiniteness, simplicity, or purity, all-sufficiency, him! If so inerciful, how we should love him! May perfectness, immutability, life, will, understanding God open sinners' eyes to see their danger, inake us “ What are the attributes which usually are ascribed love him, and make us fear to offend him.-C. R. A. to hiin in his works, or the acts of his will? - Goodness, power, justice, mercy, holiness, wisdom, and the like, " From such considerations, we learn, even from the which he delighteth io exercise towards his creatures, system of nature, that Mercy is an attribute of the for the praise of his glory." Works, vol. v, p. 11, 12. Deity; for, if mercy consists in bestowing favours on
Dr. Dick, however, we presume, as our correspondent those who are nnworthy, or who merit punishment, the has quoted him for authority, will be regarded with the greatest sinners in all ages have shared in it, and every greatest deference; and therefore we will give bis judg. individual of the human race, now existing, enjoys a ment on this most interesting question. In his very in- certain portion of those comforts which flow from the structive “ Christian Philosopher,” he says
benevolent arrangements which the Creator has esta“By the natural or essential attributes of God, we blished.” Dr. Dick sums up the whole of his beautiful understand such perfections as the following : his eter- reasoning thus: “If mercy were not an essential attrinity, omnipresence, infinite knowledge, infinite wisdom, bute of the Deity, he would have cut them down in the omnipotence, and boundless beneficence. These are the midst of their transgressions, shattered to pieces the characters and attributes of Deity, which, we must sup-' globe on which they dwelt, and buried their in eternal pose, form the chief subject of contemplation to angels, oblivion. But whether Divine mercy will extend to and to all other pure intelligences; and in investigating the final forgiveness of sin, and the communication of the displays of which, the sons of Adam would have been eternal happiness to such beings, can be learned only chiefly employed, had they continued in primeval inno- from the discoveries of revelation." - Ibid: 172, 173. cence. These attributes form the groundwork of all U. B. we trust will be satisfied by these observations, those gracions relations in which the God of salvation that there is propriety, in denominating “Merey a stavds to his redeemed people in the economy of re- Divine Attribute," and at the same time be prepared to demption -- they lie at the foundation of the whole rejoice in " God who is rich in mercy, for the great Christian superstructure-and were they not recognized love wherewith he hath loved us,” Eph. ii, 5; and as the corner-stone of that sacred edifice, the whole especially, that through the new covenant by Jesus system of the Scripture Revelation would remain a lase- Christ, "the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting less fabric. The full display of these perfections will be to everlasting upon them that fear him." Psalın ciii, 17. exhibited in the future world — and the contemplation of this display will forın one of the sublime employments of the saints in light' -- and to prepare us for engag
A GUIDE TO PRAYER, ing in such noble exercises, is one of the chief designs of the salvation proclaimed in the Gospel.
Or,' A Free and Rational Account of the Gift, Grace, “The Christian revelation ought not to be considered
and Spirit of Prayer; with plain Directions how to as superseding the religion of nature, but as carrying
attain them. By 1. Watts, D.D. London, Book Society. it forward to perfection. It introduces the Deity to us Watts's Guide to Prayer is an invaluable treatise. We under ner relations, corresponding to the degraded
wish it were universally known, especially to heads of state into which we have fallen. It is superadded 'to
Christian families, and those who are accustomed to our natural relations to God, and takes it for granted lead the devotions of others at prayer meetings. Sunday that these natural relations must for ever subsist. It is
school teachers and young persons, who feel the desira,
bleness of the gift of prayer, will find the wisest rules
here laid down by of the wisest covered without the light of revelation, as appears from the past experience of mankind). in every generation;
which is given tu " the grace and spirit of prayer.” The but it is equally true, that, when discovered by the aid
Committee of the Book Society have rendered a great of this celestial light, they are of the utmost importance service to the church, by the republication of this seain the Christian system, and are as essentially con- sonable and inestimable little work in this cheap form. nected with it, as the foundation of a building is with the superstructure. But, unless we make such topics a distinct subject of attention, and endeavour to acquire
JESSAMINE COTTAGE; clear and comprehensive conceptions of our natural Being a Domestic Narrative of the Happy Death of a relations to God, we can never form a clear conception 1+ Mother and Four Children, who died of Consumption. of those new and interesting relations into which we By a Young Minister. 32mo. cloth, pp. 96. Hamilton, have been brought by the mediation of Jesus Christ. London. “ It appears highly unreasonable, and indicates a
"A Domestic Narrative of the Happy Death of a Mother selfish disposition of mind, to maguify one class of the and Four Children,” three daughters and one son, reDivine attributes at the expense of another; to extol,' inoved to glory within a short period, must be unusually for example, the Mercy of God, and neglect to celebrate his Power and Wisdom-those glorivus perfections,
interesting. The series of incidents which are here
narrated, with much feeling and peculiar pathos, are all the display of which, at the forination of our globe, ex
of a domestic nature, appealing to the hearts of all in cited the rapture and admiration of angels, and of in- the several relations of life. The melancholy scenes nocent man. All the attributes of God are equal,
which are here exhibited, beautifully illustrate the sanc: because all of them are infinite ; and therefore to talk
tifying and consoling nature of genuine religion; and of darling attributes in the Divine nature, as soine have the various lessons of improvement which are drawn done, is inconsistent with reason, unwarranted by
from the several parts of the narrative, remind us of the Scripture, and tends to exhibit a distorted view of the
Dairyman's Daughter, avd are not unworthy of the pen Divine character. The Divine Mercy ought to be cele
of Legh Richmond. brated with rapture by every individual of our fallen race; but with no less rapture should we extol the A communication for B, 2. lies at the Publishers'. Divine Omnipotence; for the designs of Mercy cannot The answer to W.is unavoidably postponed till next week. he accomplished without the intervention of Infinite Power. All that we hope for, in consequence of the
London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street; to whom ali Coinmunications for the Editor (post paid) proinises of God, and of the redemption accomplished should be addressed ; -and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the by Jesus Christ, must be founded on the conception we
Uuited Kingdom. form of the operations, of Omnipotence.” – Christian
Hawkers and Dealers Supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STEILL,
Pateruoster Row; BERGRU, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BATELER, Philosopher, p. 31, 32, 34, 35.
124, Oxford Street; uod W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
AUGUST 17, 1833,
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SACRED JEWISH FESTIVALS. Feasts and Festivals, as observed by the ancient Hebrews, are necessary to be known familiarly by every intelligent reader of the Bible, on account of the frequent mention of them in the Holy Scriptures. We shall bere, therefore, give an account of the four annual festivals of the Jews, three of which were specially appointed to be observed by them as God's peculiar people, and the fourth was to be regarded with gratitude and joyfulness, as the anniversary of the creation of the world.
1. The Feast oTrumpets. This was the anniversary of the creation. Probably it had been observed with some circumstances of solemnity fruin the beginning, by those who feared the LORD. It was not peculiar to the Hebrews; but now it was made sacred to the Israelites, a direct command being given to regard it as a sacred festival : “And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of of the month, shall ye have a Subbuth,- -a memorial of blowing of trumpets a holy convocation. Ye shall do
no servile work therein ; but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.” Lev. xxiii, 23-25. Dr. Gill remarks on this passage,
“ As this was New Year's day, this ceremony seeins to have been appointed to express joy for all the inercies and blessings of the last year; and the rather, as at this time of the year all the fruits of the earth were gathered in, not only the barley and the wheat, but the oil and the wine, and under such grateful ackuowledgments, to expect the Divine blessing to attend them the following year. And besides, at this time of the year, it was generally thought by the Jews, and by others, that the world was created ; and this blowing of trumpets might be in memory of that, and as an emblem of the shootings of the sons of God, the angels, the morning stars, who sany for joy when the foundations of the earth were laid. Job xxxviii, 6, 7. To which it may be added, this seventh month was very memorable for holy soleinnities, as the day of atonement on the tenth, and the feast of tabernacles, which began on the fifteenth, and therefore was ushered in with blowing of trumpets to make it the inore significant, and particularly to put the people in mind to prepare for the day of atonement. Ainsworth thinks, that this was a figure of the
ministry of John the Baptist preaching the baptism of called Pentecost in the New Testament (Acts ii, 1), repentance for the remission of sins; but rather it that being a Greek word signifying the fiftieth. This seems to be an emblem of the gospel and the ministry festival was ordained to commemorate the giving of the of it, in the acceptable year of the LORD, or the gospel Divine law at Mount Sinai, fifty days after the deliverdispensation, which is sometimes signified by the blow- ance of Israel from Egypt." Pentecost was also called ing of the great trumpet (Isa. xxvii, 13), and by The Feast of Harvest, because it was held at the close ministers lifting up their voice like a trumpet (Isa. of the wheat barvest, the first fruits of which, in two lviii, 1), by which sinners are roused and awakened loaves of fine flour, were presented to the Lord, with 10 a sense of their sin and danger, and to hear a joyful sacrifices, thanksgiving, and rejoicings. sound of love, grace, mercy, peace, pardon, righteous- Pentecost, it will be remarked, happened on the ness, and salvation through Christ.”
Lord's day of the Christians; and when the apostles Many of the more pious Jews observe this festival in were assembled at the early prayer-meeting on that holy exercises to this day: for after they return home morning, they were miraculously endowed with the froin attendance at the blowing of the trumpets in gifts of the Holy Spirit. These communications were their synagogues, they sit down to meat with joyful- necessary to qualify them to fulfil their extraordinary ness, and spend the rest of the day in religious ministry in establishing the kingdom of Christ upon services.
the earth, by preacbing the gospel in languages which This memorial of blowing of trumpets, is called the they had never learned. Their first effort on opening, seventh month : it answered to our September; and was their evangelical cominission was a kind of pledge of originally the first month, in inemory of the creation, the grace of God, as by his blessing three thousund souls and it so continued to be the first month of the civil were added to the church on that memorable day. year. But after the wondrous redemption of Israel Acts ii. from Egypt, the seventh month, Abib, formed a new era in the history of the church of God, and in memory of
IV. THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES, that marvellous event, “the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the laud of Egypt, saying, This month shall
Held at the close of the whole harvest and vintage be unto you the beginning of months : it shall be the (Deut. xvi, 13), was appointed as the season for acfirst month of the year unto you.” Exod. xii, 1, 2.
knowledging the bounties of God, in crowning the year ** Observe the montli Abib, and keep the passover unto
with his general blessings. At the same time it was the LORD thy God : for in the month of Abib the designed to commemorate the Divine goodness in proLORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by
tecting the Israelites during their forty years' wandering night.” Deut. xvi, 1. Abib, called also Nisan (Esth.
in the desert of Arabia. For this purpose, as their iii, 7), answered to the latter part of our March and the
forefathers had dwelt in tents while sojourning in the former part of April.
wilderness, they were required to dwell in booths
formed of the boughs of trees during the seven days of II. The PASSOVER, OR FEAST OF UNLEAVENED
this festival. BREAD,
In znany respects the Feast of Tabernacles was the
most joyful festival of the Israelitish nation. They Was the first annual festival peculiarly appointed for were seasons anticipated with unfeigned delight by the the Israelites. It was observed in commernoration of pious servants of God. And as all the male inhabitants the Divine favour to the Hebrews, in emancipating were required on these occasions to go up to the place them from cruel slavery. On the night of their de. were the Tabernacle of Jehovah was placed, when that liverance, when the angel of vengeance smote the first- sacred building was erected at Jerusalem, the females horn of every Egyptian, he passed over the houses of being permitted to accompany them, the joyful conthe Israelites, whose door-posts had been sprinkled, in course was very great. In these national festivals, the faith, with the blood of the lamb which had heen people dressed themselves in their best attire, anticipatsacrificed in the evening, at the comniand of God, ing the pleasure of seeing their friends and relatións ; Exod. xii. It is reinarkable, that the night of the and when assembled in the holy city, they unanimously institution of the Passover, was the termination of the joined in the prayers and sacrifices, which were acfour hundred and thirty years sojourning of the He- companied with bands of music and thanksgiving. brews, from the time of Abraham. Gen. xv, 13, 14; Pious Israelites might naturally rejoice at the contemExod. xii, 41, 42.
plation of these delightful solemnities, when in troops, Intelligent readers of the Scriptures will find, that they went "from strength to strength”-“every one the Israelites' Passover was emblematical of our eter- of them in Zion appearing before God.” The inspired nal redemption by Christ. For this reason the apostle Psalmist describes them as supremely happy on earth, was inspired to write, “Christ our Passover is sacrificed who spent their lives in these delightful services, and for us." I Cor. v, 7. His spotless holiness in heart and the consideration of these is needful to enter into life was prefigured by the paschal Jawb being without the meaning of Psalms lxxxiv and cxxii. A reference b'emish. Therefore another apostle has written of to these happy seasons, will be necessary to realize the Christians being "redeemed, not with corruptible things, lamentations of the servant of God, as they are exas silver and gold, but with the precious blood of pressed in Psalms xlii and xliii. Christ, as of a lamb without bleinish and without spot.” 1 Pet. i, 18, 19. Like as the Israelites, therefore, were passed over and delivered by the shedding of the blood, and feeding upon the flesh of the paschal
ON WORSHIPPING GOD. -so the redemption and salvation of Christians are now enjoyed by feeding, in faith, upon the flesh
Worship that's moulded in tradition's schools, and blood of Christ, especially in the ordinance of the
Is but the sensual sacrifice of fools. Lord's Supper. John vi, 52–62; 1 Cor. xi, 23—29.
Be wisely careful what thy lips impart ;
Bring thy soft tongue acquainted with thy heart, III. The Feast Of Weeks,
Be slow to speak, and be as quick to hear :
Heaven loves a single tongue, a double ear. Was observed seven weeks, or fifty days after the Pass. over. Lev. xxii, 15 - 17. This festival is sometimes
character and the future condition of themselves and SORIPTURE BIOGRAPHY.
“And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what NOAH.
his younger son had done unto him. And he said, The Dispersion of Noah's Family.
Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be
unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the LORD "The mountains of Ararat," on which the ark rested, God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant God are in Armenia; and in the country adjoining, Noah shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents appears to have settled. “And the sons of Noah that of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servaut." Gen. ix, went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and 24 - 27. Japheth ; and Ham is the father of Canaan. These A few observations will show how exactly these preare the three song of Noah : and of them was the whole dictions have been fulfilled through all generations, earth overspread.” Gen. ix, 18, 19.
down to our times. For some years Noah seems to have enjoyed con- Ham signifies burnt" or "black ;” and this name siderable domestic tranquillity, and his family was waz strikingly significant of the regions which were greatly increased. But in the time of his grandsons, peopled by his family. The descendants of Cush probably about fifty years after the deluge, a circum- occupied the hot southern regions of Asia. The sous stance occurred by which his domestic peace was of Canaan chose Palestine, Canaan, and Syria ; and the broken. With the simplicity peculiar to the sacred histo- sons of Mizraim, Egypt and Lybia, in Africa. The rian, he says, “And Noah began to be a husbandman, corrupted nations which God destroyed before Israel, and he planted a vineyard; and he drank of the wine, were descended from Canaan : and so were the Phoeniand was drunken ; and he was uncovered in his tent. cians and the Carthaginians, who were subjugated with And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of dreadful destruction by the Greeks and Romans; and his father, and told it to his two brethren without. the wretched Negroes, who have been bought and sold And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it like cattle, were his posterity. upon their shoulders, and went backward, and covered Japheth denotes "enlargement;” and how wonder. the nakedness of their father, and their faces were fully' have his boundaries been enlarged ! Not only backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness.” Europe, but Asia Minor, the whole of the vast regions Gen. ix, 20–24.
of Asia north of mount Taurus, and probably America, It is difficult to imagine that Noah was ignorant of were peopled by his descendants. the intoxicating quality of the prepared liquor. Nor Shem signifies “name,” or “renown;" and his redoes the inspired recurd allow us to suppose that he nown and name were great, both in a temporal and was inclined to habitual drunkenness. It was a solitary spiritual sense. The finest regions of Upper and Middle instance. Most likely, after the fatiguing labour of a Asia were the portion of his family. But his chief resultry day, Noah, in refreshment, drank too eagerly of nown consisted in his being destined to be the lineal the welcome beverage ; and becoming weary, lay down ancestor of the promised Seed of the woman, to which inconsiderately in the shade for repose. Canaan first Noah might allude in his pious ejaculation. perceived his aged grandsire in that condition, and In the purity of religion, God dwelt in his favoured making himself inerry with the discovery, brought his tents: and happy for us, by his merciful providence, father to behold the sight. Instead of reproving his we of the enlarged tribes of Japheth, have embraced son, Ham joined with him in making sport of the in- the gospel, and thus dwell in the tents of Shem. firmity of his aged, pious, and venerable father, and The tenth chapter of Genesis is one of the most exposed it to his brethren Shem and Japheth. They valuable records of antiquity; and any person of very were properly affected towards their reverend parent, limited information will readily perceive that the Assyand that which Ham had published with ridicule, they rians, Elamites, Lydians, Medes, Ionians, and Thra. piously concealed.
cians, had Asshur, Élam, Lud, Madai, Javan, and Tiras, That Ham and Canaan were worthless characters, grandsons of Noah, for their founders; and thus from seeins intimated by Moses, when he says, “ Ham is profane history we find an evidence of the divinity of the father of Canaan.” It is therefore probable, that the Bible, which alone can teach us the true origin of they would rejoice to find the pious prophet in so nations. And though mau ia white in Europe, black in unbecoming a condition, that they might make retalia- Africa, yellow in Asia, and red in America, yet, as tion for the reproofs he had addressed to them on Buffon, an infidel naturalist, acknowledges, he is still account of their wickedness.
the same animal, tinged only with the colour of the In the whole narrative we cannot but observe the climate. perfect impartiality of the inspired historian. Such a It was the purpose of God that the increasing family statement is peculiar to the Holy Scriptures; and it is of Noah should separate, and form different nations in designed to evince the frailty and imperfection of distant lands. But in opposition to the counsel of human nature; and that the best of men cannot stand their father, about a hundred years after the deluge, upright, unless they are constantly depending upon the majority resolved on a prodigious work, as a centre divine grace, and upheld by the power of God: nor of union among them.
"And the whole earth was of appear in the judgment, without an interest in God's one language and of one speech. Aud it came to pass pardoning mercy, and faith in the Redeemer, “the as they journeyed from the east they found a plain in LORD our Righteousness.”
the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they “Honour tby father and mother," is the law of God, said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn and he requires us to observe it with special care. This them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and precept was finely illustrated by the modesty and slime for mortar. And they said, Go lo, let us build tenderness of Shem and Japheth : but the conduct of us a city and tower, whose top shall rcach unto heaven; Ham was both an insult to a parent, and a reflection and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon religion. It was highly displeasing to God; so upon the face of the whole earth. And the LORD that when the patriarch arose, and was made acquainted came down to see the city and the tower which the with the different behaviour of his sons, the spirit of children of men builded. And the LORD said, Go to, prophecy fell upon him, by which he pronounced a let us go down, and there confound their language, divine sentence upon each, regarding their present that they may not understand one another's speech.