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Bethlehem is said now to contain about three hundred ments of the manger are of blue satin, embroidered inhabitants, the greater part of whom gain their liveli. with silver. Incense is continually burning before the hood by making beads, carving another.of-pearl shells cradle of our Saviour. I have heard an organ, touched with sacred subjects, and manufacturing small tables by no ordinary hand, play during mass, the sweetest and crucifixes, all which are eagerly purchased by the and most tender tunes of the best Italian composers. pilgrinis,

These concerts charm the Christian Arab, who, leaving Travellers who visit this celebrated spot, are shown his camels to feed, repairs, like the shepherds of old, several sacred places, rendered famous by fabulous to Bethlehem, to adore the King of kings in the manger. tradition. Legendary story makes “the stable,” in I have seen this inhabitant of the desert communicate which our Lord was born, a grotto, cut out of the at the altar of the Magi, with a fervuur, a piety, s rock," as Dr. Pococke states, according to the eastern devotion, unknown among the Christians of the West. custom.” But the Gospel narrative affords no coun- The continual arrivals of caravans from all nations of tenance to the notion that the Virgin Mary took refuge Christendom, the public prayers, the prostrations, nay, in any cave of this description. On the contrary, it even the richness of the presents sent here by the was evidently a manger belonging to the “inn," or Christian princes, all together produce feelings in the caravanserai ; the upper rooms being wholly occupied, soul, which it is much easier to conceive than to the holy family were compelled to take up their abode describe." in the court allotted to the mules, and horses, and Such are the illusions which Roman superstition camels. Superstition, rather than the New Testament, spreads over this extraordinary scene! But where, in was the guide which Helena followed, in erecting the the Holy Scriptures, shall we find these things com“ Church of the Nativity.”. The present edifice is manded ? Altars — incense — prostrations — lampsrepresented by Chateaubriand as of undoubtedly high pictures - with royal visitors and their rich presents, antiquity; yet Doubdan, an old traveller, says that the must naturally have great influence upon beholders : inonastery was destroyed in the year 1263 by the Mos- but while these shows and ceremonies affect the senses, lems; and in its present state, at all events, it cannot and impose upon the imagination, they coinmunicate lay claim to a higher date.

but little light to the understanding ; and the whole Greek, Roman, and Armenian Christians, divide the history of the Holy Land, since the glorious events convent among them, to each of whom separate parts commemorated, shows how little “ Glory to God in are assigned as places of worship and habitations for the highest, peace on earth, and good-will towards the monks; but on certain days, all may perform their men,” have been proinoted, by all this sumptuous willdevotions at the altars erected over the consecrated worship. spots. The church is built in the form of a cross; the nave being adorned with forty-eight Corinthian columns in four rows, cach column being two feet six inches in

THE CHARACTER OF ELI. diameter, and eighteen feet high, including the base and the capital. The nave, which is in possession of The history of many of those patriarchs, who in the the Armenians, is separated from the three other first ages of the world were celebrated for their piety branches of the cross by a wall, so that the unity of the and devotedness to God, cannot fail to be deeply edifice is destroyed. The top of the cross is occupied interesting to every Christian who loves to trace the by the choir, which belongs to the Greeks. Here is an providence and dispensations of the Alınighty, from the altar dedicated to "the wise men of the east,” at the cominencement of the world down to the present time. foot of which is a inarble star, corresponding, as the There is nothing in the accounts recorded in the monks declare, to the point of the heavens where the Scriptures, to lead us to suppose that they are fabulous miraculous meteor became stationary, and directly over and imaginary. No veil is drawn over the vices of the the spot where the Saviour was born in the subter- best and wisest among them; and every thing that we ranean church! A Alight of fifteen steps, and a long read confirms the fact, that they were weak and fallible narrow passage, conduct to the sacred crypt or grotto men, as likely to fall into sin as we of the present geneof the nativity, which is thirty-seven feet six inches in ration; and the hand of God was always outstretched, length, by eleven feet three inches in breadth, and nine when their iniquity rendered it necessary to visit them feet in height. It is lined and foored with marble, and with fatherly correction. provided on each side with five oratories, "answering,” These remarks are calculated to recal to our reas the monks say, "precisely to the ten cribs or stalls collection the affecting account which is furnished us for horses that the stable in which our Saviour was in the Bible of a man named Eli. He is introduced to borp contained !” The identical spot of the birth- our notice in the important character of high-priest, to place is marked by a glory in the floor, composed of which situation he had been called by the special apmarble and jasper encircled with silver, around which pointment of God. We are also told that he had two are inscribed these words, Hic de Virgine Maria sons, who did not walk in the steps of their pious father, Jesus Christus natus est.” Over it is a marble table or but indulged in all those criminal excesses, which are altar, which rests against the side of the rock, here cut but too apt to be eagerly followed by unthinking and into an arcade. The munger is at the distance of seven unprincipled youth. They held the responsible offices paces from the altar; it is in a low recess hewn out of of priests ministering in the Lord's house: but instead of the rock, to which you descend by two steps, and con- that devotion and piety which should ever mark the sists of a block of marble, raised about a foot and a character of such distinguished persons, their mode of half above the floor, and hollowed out in the form of conduct, with reference to the sacrifices, was so disa manger. Before it is the altar of the Magi. The graceful and disgusting, that inany of the Hebrews chapel is illuminated by thirty-two lamps, presented by withheld their offerings. Now the grand fault of Eli's different princes of Christendom.

conduct, that which casts a shade over his brightest Chateaubriand has described the scene in his usual virtues, and sinks him in the estimation of all future fivrid and imagivative style :-“Nothing can be more geuerations, had reference to these ungodly, young pleasing, or better calculated to excite devotional sen

There were many reasons to induce him to ti.nents, than this subterraneous church. It is adorned restrain their licentiousness, and sufficient power avith pictures of the Italian and Spanish schools, which lodged in his hands to check and punish their open and represent the mysteries of the place. The usual orna- flagrant wickedness. As high-priest, it became him to keep all the other priests in strict obedience to the laws To Children it utters a warning voice: Too many of of God, that their conduct might furnish an example the youih of our country are apt to forget the duty for the imitation of the tribes of Israel; as judge of


which they owe to their parents, and seem to imagine Israel, it was his duty to defend the poor and fatherless, that submission to the will of those whom God has. and save his people from the cruel and iuhuman spolia- been graciously pleased to place over thein as guardians, tion of those who had forgotten all duty and obedience;

savours too much of weakness and childish simplicity. and as a father, it behoved him to check every appear

If such a child should cast his eyes upon this, I would ance of vice in those children, those immortal beings, bid him to remember, that, unhappily for him, hiswhom the Almighty had been pleased to commit to his opinions are not founded on the word of God. That keeping. Yet, notwithstanding all these unanswerable sacred volune contains many an awful warning, and considerations, to his eternal disgrace it is recorded, many a solemn injunction, requiring obedience to that his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained parents; and the examples which it furnishes are them not.He, whose deep penetrating gaze is over amung the most appalling of the sad effects of slighting all his works, saw the sad and mournful spectacle, and a parent's wishes and commands. Surrounded by the his indignation was kindled at so much impiety and

head ineu in Israel, backed by power, urged on by folly; and he sent a messenger to Eli to reprove him interest, and sanctioned by fools and scoffers, the for his misconduct, and to tell him that the Creator wicked Absalom expected to wrest the crown from his could never sanction the creature to be preferred to father, and break the heart of the pious David with his him; and therefore that ruin and desolation should monstrous ingratitude; but the hand of the Lord was overwhelm his house, because he lacked that energy

against him, and in the midst of his youth, his power, which duty and interest prompted him to put forth: and his wickedness, he was summoned to the bar of that it should be his portion to behold his country in. God, to render an account of all his actions. Nor is vaded by foreign foes, the ark of the Lord taken,' and the example before us less striking : the good old Eli his two sons slain in one day. These just and terrible had often besought his sons to abandon their wicked. threatenings speedily met their accomplishment. The ness, to become virtuous and holy, and to act the part Philistines invaded the country, defeated the Hebrews, of rational and consistent men. But they rebelled, and slew 4,000 of them. Supposing that the presence

they would not hear reason, and in one day both of of the ark of God would ensure victory, they had the them were struck down in their disobedience. Where audacity to send for it, and made the very earth re- are they now ? Oh! does not the disobedient child sound with shoutings when the sacred pile was brought hear the solemn and sepulchral voices of Hoplni and into the camp.

But how vain are the most distin- Phinelas calling to him from the gloomy caverns of guished outward means, when real and fervent piety to the lost, and exclaiming, in accents of wild and witherGod is wanting. The ark caine -- but not to triumph. ing despair, Repent, while there is tiine! Obey, while Israel was discomfited — Eli's sons slain-and the ark it is yet within your power to do so; lest that same of the Lord carried away by the conquerors.

hand, which justly sent us hither, should be uplifted Now Eli was himself a pious man, and his affections against you, and hurl you down into these dreadful were devotedly fixed on all that had reference to the regions, where the disobedient children dwell, where service of God. He had so long ministered about the the voice of uuavailing penitence seeks but in vain ark, and been connected with it, that his heart was to find another inother to obey, another father to quite twined around it. Knowing, therefore, that it

honour! had been taken to the battle, the old man groped his To Parents I would with all becoming humility ob. way (for he was blind) to the road side; and the sacred serve, that the character and death of Eli speak most historian informs us of his condition, by saying, that powerfully, of the immense obligations parents are when the messenger from the army passed by on his under, to bring up their children in the nurture and road to the city, “Lo, Eli sat by the way-side watching,

admonition of the Lord. When I look upon an assemfor his heart trembled for the ark of God.”

blage of children, the solemn conviction strikes upon A voice of lamentation followed the announcement my mind, that these are to be the men and the woinen of the tidings, and the city resounded with the howl of of the next generation, that to their hands are to be its inhabitants. The heart of Eli beat yet more quickly, entrusted all the important and soul-stirring matters of he thought of the denounced vengeance of the Almighty, life, and that they in their turns are to be guardians of and tremblingly inquired the cause of the tumult

. another generation. I cannot, therefore, feel indifThe answer he received was this : “Israel is filed before ferent as to how their education is conducted, and the Philistines, and there hath been a great slaughter what the privciples are which are instilled into their among the people, and thy two sons are slain, and the minds. Do parents think of this ? Do they seriously ark of God is taken. And it came to pass, that when he feel the solemn, the momentous duty which is entrusted made mention of the ark of God, he fell from off the to their charge? Do they know that eternal beings. seat backward, and his neck brake, and he died.” hang upon their instruction?-immortal souls are conHow affecting is this incident! As a patriot, he could cerned in the education they are giving ? Let the hear, with resignation to the Divine will, that his thoughtless parent pause; let him think of the numbercountrymen had disgracefully fled before the Philis- less motives which on every side are to be found to tines. As a citizen, though he grieved at the death of induce and enforce immediate attention to the pressing so many of his fellow-countrymen, he was not over- wants of the rising generation. I plead for the helpless, whelmed. As a father, he could submit to the stroke the poor, the hapless children, who are not able to which robbed him of two sons in one day. But when plead for themselves; and I urge you to be cautious he made mention of the ark of God, all the tender and how you trifle with souls, for whom the Saviour of the most devoted feelings of his mind received a paralyzing

world was content to suffer. shock, a dim and confused picture of Israel's' ruin

Let these remarks suffice to arcise your attention ; floated in his brain, “and he fell backward, and let there be a stir among the readers of the Christian's died !”

Penny Magazine; let a bold effort be inade to reclaim A narrative of this description cannot fail to have

lost and abandoned children from the grasp of the evil much instruction conveyed by it, and I think it will be one, and cause the praises of the Saviour to resound well to ground on it an address to Children and to from the mouths of babes and sucklings. Parents.

B. Z.

Icttcre ic a Mother, upon Education.

great departments of morality, there will be as many

witnesses and arengers of his fault as there are boys in LETTER XXXIV.

the school. Should he have any such tendency, it will On the question of Public cr Private Educntion, continued.

be counterbalaneed by fear, and the love of the good

opinion of others native to the human heart; and then Secondly. Some persons would be surprised to hear it will be prevented becoming a habit, till the time when that I recommend your son being sent to school, even reason and conseience and religion operate to make hiva for the sake of the moral influence connected with pub- relingnish the propensity as the decision of his own will. lic education.

Compare the opportunities, which a boy has, educated This at first sight, I am aware, would alarm those 'in private, for indulging in the violation of these departpersons, whose chief reason for preferring a private ments of morality, in his conduct towards his brothers education is to avoid the moral contagion they believe and sisters and servants, or even in the unfulfilled imainseparable from a public education.

ginations of his heart, and you will, if I inistake not, Before, however, I explain ny meaning, permit me understand what I mean by the superior inoral effects just to say, that I believe the immorality of schools, of a public education.

is I often vastly overstated. It is the interest of some per- as many others, will on the same principles be recogsons to exaggerate it, others are induced by party nized whenever they exist in a boy. They will draw motives, and others join in the hue and ery without towards him boys of a kindred disposition. He will being able, or even desirous, to form a competent opi. feel that they give him an influence with the others; aiul nion as to the cause of it. That immorality exists in influence, in the absence of a higher motive, is a valaschools, is undeniable; but in what company of human able and delightful reward of virtue. A school is a litile beings is it not to be foiind? Still the vice of public world. What is condemned or, applauded there, is schools can only be proportioned to the age and oppor- viewed with the same feelings by mankind at large. tunities of the pupils. "Then again I believe most ob- Is it not, then, most valuable that your child should servers of human nature will agree with me, that the become acquainted very early with the species of conquestion whether a boy will become depraved is not duct approved by society, and the habit of performing 80 much a question of circumstances as of the natural it established in the beginning of his life? If he should dispositions of the boy himself. Such persons will be privately educated, he will upon.coming into the allow that there is a greater natural tendency in some world have to learn this lesson, for be cannot learn it boys, and in some men, towards dissipation than in in private in the same way as the babits of society will others. With the same dispositions, I fear the same de- teach them. Hence, at the time he ought to be pracpravity will show itself under any circumstunces. Then tising his principles, he will have, in a certain measure, again, it is a serious question in my own mind, whether, yet to acquire them. as boys must unavoidably see depravity when they come Further, the habits of social intercourse, which are to mingle with the world, which must be while they are essential to our mingling in society with ease and adcomparatively young, whether its temptations have not vantage to ourselves and others, can only be acquired less force, when a boy grows up habituated compara- by actual collision with that society. To be without tively to their presence, so far as they do exist, than the habits and manners of society, is for a man to feel when, were it possible it should ever be the case, he is like a foreigner amid his fellow.countryınen. Upon translated suddenly into the world, and every allure- these little habits depends a great deal of the freedoin, ment tempting him with a fascination proporcioned to without which society cannot be enjoyed, nor its advanits novelty.

tages shared. This freedom is equally essential to our Every person has heard of instances of such a nature, doing good to mankind. Men in general are more diswhen the individual saddenly became depraved, and gusted and repelled by perceiving an ignorance of the made up for the delay by the enormity of the excess. forms of society and modes of intercourse, than they While, on the other hand, it cannot be denied, but that are by far greater blemishes of character. These habits many boys exposed to all the temptations of a public indeed facilitate the intercourse of the world. These school from their earliest years, hare endured the trial rules are like the rules for driving and walking in the comparatively unhurt. Sensuality is of course the object streets of London, they secure safety and ease in passdreaded; but I fear that sensuality is the result of dis- ing from place to place. A man, however, who is igno. position rather than of circunstances. It is of course rant of the forms of society, who knows nothing of the business of education to discover and to regulate the world, occasions a similar result wherever he comes, the vative propensities. The masters of-schools will as a man would do who knows nothing of the rules of allow that the degree of vice seldom rises above or sinks thoroughfare before alluded to; he impedes others, and below a certain discount, if I may so speak, upon


gets well jostled bimself. Yet how is your child to runber of the boys. The same may be said of order, learn these modes of society, except by iningling with virtue, and regularity.

it? If, then, he passes the first fifteen, eighteen, or But now I come to explain my meaning, when I re- twenty ycars of his life a stranger to society, to the commend that your son should receive a public educa- society of his equals, to varied society, in which there tion, owing to the moral advantages connected with the are no rules' but the rules observed among equals, how system.

can 'he learn those rules. He will, on the contrary, It is this. That your son, under such circumstances, find himself unapt and bewildered when he comes into will pass most of his time in the presence of his equals society of any kind. He will be bashful, discouraged, in all respects. Being of the same age, they will un- diffident, retiring, unhappy, useless. Or should his derstand his real character better than his elders. They mind take a contrary direction, he will perhaps make a will see if he has a tendency to be dishonest, inean, 'plunge and become impudent, setting all the forms of cruel, idle, slanderons, injurious. He will find himself society at nought, and will remain for life one of those then under the all-dreaded inspection of society, and blunt and disagreeable people called a bore. amenable to its laws, which Mr. Locke has justly All these evils would be prevented, were your son to asserted, exert a more powerful influence over our be gradually introduced into all the shifting scenes of actions than eren the dictates of conscience itself. society, and to all the actors of the many-coloured He will find, that if he transgresses in any of these drama, as they naturally succeed one another. The

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Wanners aud habits of cach preceding stage of society, every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the share considerably in those of that to follow; and thus, altar.” Ver. 20. The obedience of faith is peculiarly without difficulty to himself, and without impediment pleasing to God; and like the sacrifice of Abel, the to others, he moves on in the procession of society, offerings of Noah were accepted of him. “And the or takes his part in its various evolutions.

The habits, Lord smelled a sweet savoir; and the Lord said in behaviour, opinions, and sentiments of your sou under his heart, I will not again curse the ground any inore this career, may not indeed resemble the habits of the for man's sake; for the impagination of man's heart is hero of a romance, but they will resemble, what is in- evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any deed far more desirable to himself and others, those of more every living thing, as I have done. While the (you know in what sense I use the term) « man of the earth reinaineth, seed time and harvest, and cold and icurld. After all, we must live and act in the world, heat, and suminer and winter, and day and night shall and must, if we would discharge onr duties, be brought not ccase." Ver. 21, 22. into actual interchange of conduct with mankind. It is With this gracious purpose in mind, the same day, of the greatest importance that we should know how to God renewed the benediction bestowed upon Adain, deal with them. This can only be learnt by actual and "blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, intercourse.

Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” (To be continued.)

Various instructions accompanied the blessing of God upon Noah, to whom animal food was now granted, with

the limitation of not eating the blood with the flesh. SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY.

In the case of Cain, God had interposed to prohibit any NOAH.

persou from killing him : but now he gives permission

to make inquisition for blood, and to avenge that crime God's Covenant with Noah.

by putting the murderer to death. “The first day of the first inonth, in the six hundred Still the dreadful deluge was present to the memory. and first year of Noah's life," must have been one of But to prevent any fearful forebodings of such another the most memorable of that venerable patriarch. Then, overwhelming calamity upon mankind, a new manifeswith sentiments of awe profound, lie“ reinoved the tation of the Divine favour was granted to Noah, in the covering of the ark, and looked, and behold, the face of establishment of a covenant of safety with him, and in the ground was dry.” Gen. viii, 13.

him with all mankind. “And God spake unto Noah, What must have been the feelings of that holy man, and to his sons with hiin, saying, And I, behold, I when he beheld the upinhabited globe, purged from establish my covenant with you, and with your seed the corruptions of the infidel millions of his fellow. after you. And God said, This is the token of the creatures, of those whom he had vainly endeavoured to covenant which I make between me and

you and

every bring to repentance, and who had been swept into living creature that is with you, for perpetual generaeternity by the avenging hand of God! Whether the

tious: I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for carth appeared newly created, to delight the venerable a token of a covenant between ine and the earth. And patriarch, in all its natural richness, beauty, and loveli- I will reinember my covenant which is between me and ness, we cannot tell : whether the widely-scattered you and every living creature of all flesh; and the fragments of ancient buildings, and the wretched re. waters shall no more become a food to destroy all inains of its ungodly inhabitants were visible, we are flesh.” Gen. ix, 9, 12, 13, 15. not able to know: but an immensely extended surface, Without this merciful token, every time that the noiseless and void, presented itself to his astonished skies became obscured with clouds, the heart of Noah view, leading him to reflect upon the awful vengeance and his children would be ready to sink within them : of a righteous God, and to anticipate scenes and events. but the recollection of God's covenant of safety, and the of which we can forın no conception.

resplendent beauty of the rainbow, would inspire their The earth must be repeopled; generations, through anxious bosoms with unspeakable joy. successive ages, must spring from him : but what It deserves to be remarked, that the ancient heathens would be their principles, character, and final destiny, entertained a high degree of veneration for the rainbow. the new beginnings of time could not make inanifest; The Greeks and Romans considered it as a divine token. nor could his privileged intercourse with God enable They even regarded it as a deity;- ; — as the messenger of him to conjecture, without the special revelation of the their imaginary gods! inspiring Spirit. But the sensations of Noah, after so The benefits of the covenant of safety, which was long a confinement, and his experience of a deliverance made with Noah, are enjoyed still by us; and while we and preservation so wonderful, inust have been pecu- behold the lovely grandeur of the rainbow, we should liarly affecting and delightful.

look upon it as a token of the Divine faithfulness, and Having entered the ark by the Divine appointinent, he be reminded of the covenant of eternal salvation made waited for special direction before he would venture to with Christ, through whoin we are expecting new leave it; and at length he received the merciful com- heavens and a new earth, and the possession of innmand. Adoring the awful majesty of Jehovah, and mortal glory! contemplating him as “glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders," Noah joyfully obeyed the order of God to quit his marvellous asylum, which he

COXSCIENCE. no longer needed. “And Noah went forth, and his Poor wretched sinner, travel where thou wilt, sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him." Thy travel shall he burden'd with thy guilt. Gen. viii, 18.

Climb tops of hills, that prospects may delight thee, Penetrated with reverence, filled with gratitude, and There will thy sins like wolves and bears affright thee: strong in faith, the first care of this servant of God, on Fly to the valleys, that those frights may shun thee, his deliverance from confinemerit, was to provide the And there like inountains they will fall upon thee: means of renewing the appointed ordinances of divine Or to the raging seas with Jonah go, worship, “And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD,” There will thy sins like stormy billows flow. He well knew the only means of access to God, by Poor shiftless man! what shall become of thee, sacrifice for sin, as all believers had observed before Where'er thou fiest, thy griping sins will flee. the flood; and he “took of every clean beast, and of


and power.

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correct ideas of the real productive powers and capital

of this country; a country, however, only to be consiWITH THEIR EXPORTS AND IMPORTS.

dered as the mighty heart, which diffuses strength and

vigour throughout all the limbs of that gigantic body, Value of Imports into Exports from

the British Empire ; while they, by a strong and reciProduce. Unit. Kingd. Unit. Kingd.

procal motion, return and increase its vitality, action, £. £.

“In the parts inore immediately connected with Eng. West Indies 22,496,672 9,087,914 5,521,169

land, and in all her dependencies in Europe, there is Mauritius and Ceylon 4,291,332 654,666 372,026 supposed to exist a capital of 27,115,0941. ; and the proEast Indies .... 313,200,000 6,218,284 4,100,264

duce annually raised is valued at 2,146,1981.

“The seven important North American possessions,

as may be seen by the Table, bave a capital of 62,100,466). On this an able writer in the Eclectic Review re- and raise annually produce and property worth marks, “ Thus it would seem, that while the annual 17,620,6291. produce of the East Indies is fourteen times that of the • The West India Colonies, with a capital of

131,052,4241., raise every year produce valued at much in value from her Indian possessions, that she 22,

22,496,6721. does from her sugar colonies in the Western hemisphere. “The whole British capital in Africa amounts to only If this circumstance may be thought, on the one hand, 6,444,398.; and these settlements, unproductive like to prove the importance of the West India trade, it the country itself, yield an annual produce of only shows at the same time, how much the prosperity of 1,066,0651. India has been sacrificed to it.” What interests, there- • To compensate for this, there is in the two fertile fore, have been sacrificed in upholding Negro Slavery ! islands in the Indian Ocean a capital of 27,509,781l.; and Justice, reason, and religion, however, thanks to the the value of the prodnce annually raised is 4,291,3321

. gracious providence of God, are beginning to prevail. “While the new, but rapidly improving settlements

in Australia, already possess a capital of 2,685,0001.; and raise a produce amounting to 520,0001.

“ It is almost impossible to obtain sufficient data and STATISTICS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

facts, on which to make a sound calculation of the im.

mense and diversificd productions raised in the vast terGeogr. Public and

ritories of British India; peopled by such numerous Population. Sq. Miles. Pri.Property.

races, all differing from ourselves in habits, religion,

customs, and manner of living. However, by the help Great Britain & Ireland 24,277,768}| 90,948{

of a multitude of official documents, and such statistical

3,679,500,000 information as could be collected from the numerous British Depen in Europe

27,115,094 North Amer. Colonies.. 911,229


works relating to that region, the total capital of the BriWest Indies.


tish empire in India has been estimated at 1,611,077,354l. Mauritius and Ceylon.. 1,034,736 23,000 27,509,781 and the produce and property anpually raised at the Africa...

154,046 91,000 6,444,398 sum of 313,200,0001.! Australia

39,685 1,496,000 2,685,000 East Indies 89,577,206*826,650 1,611,077,354

"Thus, the total aggregate capital existing in all the

extent of the British empire in Europe, Asia, Africa, 116,969,978 4,457,598 15,547,484,517 America, and Australia, will amount to 5,547,484,5171.;

and the aggregate value of all produce and property

annually raised and created by the combination of that The popalation of the allied or subject states in India, amounts to above 40,000,000: so that the population of the Bri.

capital, with all animate and inanimate power, to tish empire may be stated as exceeding 150,000,000! See

876,175,755l. ; the total population to 116,969,978; and Christian's Penny Magazine, No. 4, vol. i, p. 27; and No. 44,

the total extent of territory to 4,457,598 square miles ; vol. ii, p. 114.

with a superior navy of 27,000_men, and a regular

standing army of 96,419 men in Europe, and 223,461 “Such are the astonishing effects of the wealth, ta

inen in India.” lent, industry, and intelligence concentrated in this ex. traordinary country: such is the immense capital, and such are the amazing productive powers of this little

Sunday School Lectures. isle — this precious stone set in the silver sea,' as the

LECTURE V. poet calls it. But even his portentous imagination was far from conceiving the power which that little world,

GIVE US THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD." - that fortress built by nature' - would one day What is the meaning of the word “bread” hereireach : he could not even have fancied, that thousands Every thing that is necessary for onr bodies. of tons of goods would be conveyed with a speed greater Our parents give us our daily food, they give us than that of the messenger pigeons of Aleppo and Ant- clothes ; but whú gives these things to our parents :werp: he could not have imagined, that, by the com- God: he makes the corn to grow, by sending the rain bined aid of steam and capital, the productive powers and making the sun to shine; God gives us life and of each of that happy breed of men'would be ren- strength and health ; without God we could not live; dered equal to the simple exertions of several hundred “ in God we live, and move, and have our being." individuals !

What is the meaning of daily ?" - Every day. From all this may be easily concluded, how imper- Teacher. God gives us day by day bread, or daily fect have been the statements of those who have calcu- those things of which we have need; this shows us that lated the productive powers of Great Britain, and com- we are entirely dependent upon God for every thing, pared them with those of France and other countries : that we could not live a moment without God; to-day this important inquiry and comparison is reserved for we may be all very happy people, walking about and another opportunity; while sufficient facts and data are very cheerful; but to-night God might send his angel here stated to give the mind of the reader more just and and destroy us all, as he did the first-boru of the Egyp

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