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THE EVIDENCES OF CHRISTIANITY God of glory! Source of blessing!

In their External Division ; exhibited in a Course of Grant thy grace our hearts to raise :

Lectures delivered in Clinton Hall, in the winter of We thy sacred truth possessing,

1831-2, under the appointment of the University of Here unite to sound thy praise.

the City of New York, by Charles P. M'Ilvaine, D.D. Cherubim in glorious beauty,

Bishop of Ohio, and President of Kenyon College. Humbly bow before thy throne,

London, Fisher and Jackson, 12mo. cloth, pp. 424. Chant thy greatness, pay their duty;

Dr. Olinthus Gregory has laid the church of God under Yet wilt Thou our offerings own.

lasting obligations to him for his numerous literary Mortal, weak, and sinning creatures :

works, especially his invaluable “ Letters on the O what poor returns we pay

Evidences of Christianity." An additional debt of gratiThee - the Author of our natures,

tude is due to that eminent inan for recominending and Our Preserver night and day.

superintending this edition of Bishop M'Ilvaine's ex. Guilty terror fills our spirits,

cellent Lectures on the “External Division" of that While we view thy holy law;

most important subject. “England is a Christian naBut the great Redeemer's merits,

tion,” is a favourite and a delightful sentiment : but Bid us joys eternal draw

there are not a few, who are otherwise well instructed,

who are extremely ignorant of the grounds and reasons From the wells of thy salvation,

of their professing Christianity: we are of opinion Springing in thy sacred word;

that this should form a branch of education in every Let us drink thy consolation,

seminary, and in every Sunday sebool.
Haste to serve our rightful Lord.

Bishop M'Ilvaine's Lectures will form a suitable
Fill us with thy Holy Spirit :
Give us wisdom - give us grace :

present for young persons of a superior class, and on

iheir account we beg to call the attention of parents O prepare us to inherit Heavenly bliss before thy face.

and guardiaus of youth to this choice volume.

The Lectures are thirteen in number, with the follow. ing heads :- Introductory Observations - Authenticity

of the New Testament Authenticity and Integrity of IRISH SUNDAY SCHOOL SOCIETY. the New Testament - Credibility of the Gospel History GRATITUDE to the gracious Author of all good, must

-Divine Authority of Christianity, from Miracles arise in every pious mind on reviewing the progress of

Argument from Miracles continued-Divine Authority the Sunday School Society for Ireland. This invalua

of Christianity, from Prophecy - Argument from Proble institution, in common with all others of a kindred

phecy continued --Divine Authority of Christianity nature, has been singularly honoured of God, in pro

from its Propagation-Divine Authority of Christianity moting the happiness of men.

from its Fruite - Argument from the Fruits of Christi. “During a period niarked by circumstances pecu

anity continued - Summary and Application of the Jiarly unfavourable to scriptural education, through the

Argument - Inspiration and Divine Authority of the blessing of the Almighty, there have been added to its

Scriptures, with concluding Observations. lists, during the past year, 31 schools, 4,564 scholars, and 496 teachers : thus the number of schools in its

THE WHITE ELEPHANT OF SIAM. connection is 2,642, embracing 206,7 17 pupils, taught

A late traveller to the Court of Siam, in the East, by 19,142 gratuitous teachers. Of the scholars, 112,256 are reported to be reading in the Bible and Testament,

says, “The greatest curiosities to which our attention and 35,239 are reported to be adults above the age of

was directed, were the white elephants, well known in fifteen. From the returns it appears that not one half in all the countries where the religion of Buddha pre

Europe to be objects of veneration, if not of worship, of the scholars are receiving instruction in daily

vails. The present king has no less than six, a larger schools." The remarkable and merciful preservation, lvoth of

number than was ever possessed by any Siamese moteachers and scholars, during the dreadful ravages of

narch, and this is considered peculiarly anspicious to his the cholera, is thus adverted to in the last report of the

reign. Four of them were shown to us: they apCork Auxiliary Society :

a “In the city of Cork, out of more than 400 teachers,

I had expected, and were of ordinary statare, the

sinallest not less than six and a half feet high. The one only has been called to his Redeemer's presence ;

rareness of the white elephant, is no doubt the cause of and the number of scholars who have fallen victims to the consideration in which it is held. The countries the disease, has not amounted to an average of one to in which it is found, and where indeed the elephant each school; while throughout the county of Cork, the committee have reason to believe the teachers and

exists in greatest perfection, are those in which the does scholars of Sabbath schools, have been equally the sub

trine of the transinigration of souls is held: it became

natural therefore to imagine, that the body of so rare jects of this marked providence of God." Although the principal object of the “Sunday School

an object as the white elephant, must be the temporary

habitation of the soul of soine mighty personage in its Society for Ireland,” is to communicate the blessings of religious instruction to the poorer classes, yet the

progress to perfection. This is the current belief now, children of many in the middle and higher ranks have

and accordingly they each have the rank and title of a derived important advantages from their attendance at

king, with an appropriate name expressive of this dig, Sunday schools. A valued correspondent, one of the

uity, such as 'the pure king,' the wonderful king,


and so forth. Each of those we saw, had a separate earliest friends of the Society, has communicated the stable, and no less than ten keepers to wait upon it. following very extraordinary information:

On the head they all had a gold chain net, and on the Fifteen boys who attended this school became ordained

back a small embroidered velvet cushion." clergymen in the church of England! Three died in the faith, having proved eminently useful, and finished London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court their course with joy. The remaining twelve are fuith

Fleet Street; to whom all Coinmunications for the Editor (post mail) ful preachers of the everlasting gospel !"

should be addressed; - und sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the United Kingdom.


NO 61.


ACGUST 3, 18:33.


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ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN INDIA. Mr. Grant's Bill, for the Renewal of the East India Company's Charter, will, in all probability, be the means of an amazing alteration in our Indian Empire. Politically, cominercially, and religiously considered, though it appears to have excited but comparatively little interest in the public mind, some regard it as one of the most important measures that ever was formed for the British Colonies. Many look up to it as einbracing incomparably more momentous interests than the absorbing arrangements which are being made for the West Indies. We cannot but contemplate both the East and the West Indies a; likely to be infinitely benefited by the projected changes, especially in relation to the spiritual interests of the myriads of immortals, now perishing for lack of knowledge, by the promulgation of pure Christianity.

Mr. Grant's Bill provides for an enlargement of the “ Ecclesiastical Establishment,” on the principles of the Church of England, in India, by the creation of “two new bishops, one for Madras, and the other for

Vou. II.

Bombay, at a salary of 24,000 sicca rupees, respectively to be paid of the revenues of those territories.” The 89th clause in the has passed in Coinmittee, and there is every probability that it will become law in a few weeks. We can only pray that this appointment may be for the glory of the Lord, and the advancement of the kingdom of Christ.

How this measure is regarded by the “ Court of Directors of the East India Company,” may be judged of by some extracts from their letter to Mr. C. Grant, of the 10th of July. “The Court stated, that the principle upon which a Christian church in India, at the expense of the nation, had been instituted, was, that it was the duty of the governinent to provide for its civil and inilitary functionaries the means and services of their religion. The Court were desirous the principle should be maintained; but the Court's conviction, at the same time, was strong and sincere, that both practice and policy demanded that the expense to the natives of India of a Church Establishment with which they had no community of feeling, should be limited to what is essentially necessary for the use

2 I

of the servants of the State. The Court considered Church at Chinsuralı

One priest. there was no necessity for the extension of the Episco- Church at Bandel.

Three. pal Establishment in India. If it were extended, it Church at Cossimbazar

One. would be impossible to resist the extension of the Three Churches at Chittagong Three. Scotch Establishment. The Court deeply lamented Church at Backergunge

One. the mortality that had occurred since the establishment Church at Bowal

One. of the episcopal see of Calcutta, but were not ready to adınit that the death of Bishop James, Dr. Middleton,

ARMENIAN CHURCHES. Dr. Heber, or Dr. Turner, arose from the fatigues of Church at Calcutta

Three priests. the duty. Travelling in India, whether by sea or land, Church at Chinsurah

One. was an important means of preserving and restoring Church at Dacca

Two. health. The Court called attention to the fact, that Church at Sydabad

One. since the see of Calcutta was established, the expense Church at Madras

Three. had been augmented from 48,0001. to 100,0001.; and Church at Bombay

One bp. 1 priest. the clerical part of the pension list from 8001. per Church at Surat

Two priests. annum to 5,0001. a year. The Court contemplated the creation of two or more sees with apprehension as to

GREEK Churches. the financial consequences ; and they pressed on the Church at Calcutta

Three priests. King's Government, and the Lord Primate of England,

Church at Dacca

One. to pause before they adopted measures involving on the people of India a certain, and possibly an unlimited “The above establishments are at present full, with addition to the financial burdens of India.”

the exception of the bishopric of Pondicherry, which In a memorandum, Mr. Grant stated it was proposed to

was formerly presented by the king of France; and it abolish the Archdeaconries of Madras and Bombay,

is stated that the revenues are the same granted at the and that a suffragan Bishop be appointed to each, on

first endowment, with some exceptions of increase. salary of 2,5001. to be assisted by the senior Chaplains

“Besides the regular churches, there are numerous of the Presidencies, at a salary of 2001. or 2501. each,

Romish inissions established throughout Asia. But the in addition to their salaries as chaplains.

zeal of conversion has not been much known during

the last century. The missionaries are now generally Romish ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT IN THE

stationary: respected by the natives for their learning East. and medical knowledge, and in general for their pure

comfortable Dr. Buchanan gives the following as the “Establish

manners, they ensure to themselves ment of the Romish Church in the East :"

subsistence, and are enabled to show hospitality to “There are three archbishops, and seventeen bishops

strangers. of the Romish church established in the East. In Ben

On a general view of the Roman Catholic Church," gal alone there are eight Romish churches, four Arme

Dr. Buchanan adds, “we inust certainly acknowledge, nian churches; and two Greek churches. In confir

that, besides its principal design in preserving the faith mation of this statement, we shall subjoin an authentic

of its own members, it possesses a civilizing induence report of the Roman Catholic establishments, which

in Asia; and that notwithstanding its constitutional has been transmitted by the archbishop of Goa.

asperity, intolerant and repulsive, compared with the

generous principles of the Protestant religion, it has Presented by the King of Portugal.

dispelled much of the darkness of Paganism." - Memo. Archbishop of Goa, Metropolitan and Primate of the rial, chapter ii. Or nt. Archbishop of Cranganore, in Malabar.


MISSIONARY SOCIETY. Bishop of St. Thomas, at Madras. His diocese in

Chunar is a tuwn on the river Ganges, about 500 cludes Calcutta; where he has a legate.

miles above the city of Calcutta, where the Church Bishop of Malacca.

Missionary Society has a flourishing station. The Bishop of Macao.

origin and progress of the work of God in evangelizing Bishop of Pekin.

the heathen in this dark portion of the earth, is truly Two Bishops in the interior of China. Bishop of Mozambique.

interesting, and strikingly illustrative of the power of

the gospel. “The Rev. Daniel Corrie, who was chapPresented by the Pope.

lain at Agra, a large city more than 300 miles above Bishop of Siam.

Chunar, when he left that place in 1814 to return for Bishop of Pegu.

a time to England on account of his health, committed

the congregation to the care of the Christian natire, Presented by the College De Propaganda Fide.

Abdool Messeeh, whose labours among his countryBishop of Varapoli, Malabar.

men had heen inuch blessed of God; upward of fifty Bishop of Bombay.

adults having been baptized in the preceding sixteen Bishop of Thibet.

months. Prefect of the Romish Mission at Nepaul.

“Mr. W. Bowley, born in India, was appointed to Presented by the King of Spain.

labour with Abdool: but it was found best, after a One Archbishop and three Bishops, at Manilla and

while, that Mr. Bowley should remove to another stathe Philippine Islands.


and he was accordingly fixed, in 1815, at Chunar.

Mr. Corrie had been chaplain at Chunar before he Presented by the late King of France.

went to Agra: there were premises at Chunar belong, Bishop of Pondicherry, vacant.

ing to him, which were made over to the Society; and CHURCHES IN BENGAL, AND NUMBER OF PRIESTS

in these Mr. Bowley took up his abode. Here he

began to labour as a catechist and teacher, both among ATTACHED TO EACH.

the native Christians of the place, and the Mahomedans Church at Calcutta

Three priests.

and Heathens. Chupar being a station for invalid Church at Serampore


European soldiers, their wives and descendants form & considerable body of native Christians. A large very nature must have been out of the common school-room was erected in 1815, which served also course, and truly miraculous. It deserves also to be for a place of worship.

noticed here, that every nation of antiquity possesses On the return of Mr. Corrie to India in 1817, he was some remarkable tradition of a universal deluge, at a appointed to the chaplaincy at Bepares, a very large reinote period of their history: and unless we admit city on the Ganges, a few miles below Chunar. In the Mosaic record, all the ingenuity of sceptical February and March 1818, he visited Chunar, and cavillers cannot account for this universal tradition in found the mission in so promising a state, that the the Pagan world. · room would not accommodate all who wished to at- Of the reality of the deluge, the inost abundant tend. Having represented this to the Correspond-proofs still subsist in every country: The loftiest ing Committee of the Society at Calcutta, they re- mountains upon the earth, are the Himalayan, in the quested him to adopt measures for the erection of a north of India : they are about 27,000 feet, or rather church or chapel, for the accommodation of the con- more than five miles in perpendicular height above the gregation. A paper was according circulated by him, level of the sea. Their summits, like all others of in May 1818, stating the necessity of the case, and similar elevation, are covered with perpetual snow: inviting contributions. The Marquis of Hastings, , but as far as human investigation has reached, the most Governor-General of India, was pleased to begin the striking evidence has been found of the truth of the subscription, by giving a considerable sum "in the Mosaic account of the deluge. money of India, equal to more than one hundred The Andes, the Alps, the Appenines, the Pyrenees, guineas. His Lordship was followed by many Euro- Libanus, Atlas, and Ararat, in short, all the mountains pean gentlemen living in India, and the soldiers, of every region under heaven, where search has been native Christians, and even some Heathens, at Chunar, made, conspire in one uniform and universal proof that lent their aid : the remainder of the expense was sup- the sea has been spread over their highest summits ; plied from the funds of the Society. Mr. Turnbull, the for they are found to contain shells, skeletons of fish, proprietor, presented a piece of ground for the church. and marine animals of every kind. The bones of exThe foundation-stone was laid on the 4th of August tinct animals have been found in America, at an eleva1818; and the church was so far completed, in April tion of 7,800 feet, and in the Cordilleras, at 7,000 feet 1820, as to admit of its being then opened for Divine above the level of the sea. The fossilized remains of worship.

the horse, deer, and bear species, have been brought In the Report of the Church Missionary Society for to England from the Himalayan mountains, found at 1821-2, it is stated, “During the past year, the church, an elevation of more than 16,000 feet. Skeletons of mentioned in the former Reports, has been finished; the elephant and rhinoceros, natives of Africa and and is now conveniently fitted up, for the double pur- southern Asia, have been dug up on the steppes or pose of English and "Hindoostanee Worship. It is table lands of Tartary and Siberia ; and remains of understood by the Committee, that the middle aisle is elephants have been found in various parts of England. pewed for the accommodation of Europeans, and such Crocodiles, chiefly of the Asiatic species, have been native Christians as have adopted European manners; discovered in the earth, in various parts of Europe. and that a considerable space round the pulpit is left Fossil remains of the elephant, and of the gigantic open, and matted, to admit the natives sitting in the mammoth, an animal still larger, but not now known usual posture; while the side aisles are supplied with to exist, have been found in the northern parts of moveable seats.”

Russia, in North America, and in Ireland. The like Schools, and various institutions for the diffusion of remains of the hippopotamus, tiger, and hyæna, animals evangelical truth, are attached to this church and sta- peculiar to Africa and the East, and the entire skeletons tion; and the instances of conversion to Christ, among of whales, have been found in different parts of Eng. the natives, of a most encouraging character, are re

land! ported in the Society's papers, to which we refer our To these facts it may be added, that trees of vast readers.

dimensions, with their roots and tops, and some with leaves and fruit, have been found at the bottom of

mines, in regions where no such trees were ever known SORIPTURE BIOGRAPHY.

to grow. Indeed, the fact of the deluge has received

the most satisfactory confirination by the discoveries of NOAH.

the greatest students in geology:

“And God remembered Noah, and every living The Deluge.

thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark : (Concluded from p. 235.)

and 'God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the

waters were assuaged. And the waters returned from AGAINST the Mosaic account of the Deluge, some in- off the earth continually; and after the end of the fidels have objected, from the supposed insufficiency of hundred and fifty days the waters were abated : and the water : but such objections, like most others of that ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth class of persons, arise from ignorance; as we are not day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. And able to ascertain the quantity of water which exists in the waters decreased continually until the tenth month : the creation. From various experiments and calcula- in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, tions, bade by scientific men, it has appeared, that were the tops of the mountains seen. And it came water exists to an extent, far beyond the ordinary con- to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the ceptions of the most intelligent minds; besides the window of the ark, and sent forth a raven, which went fountains of the great deep,” in the bowels of the to and fro, until the waters were dried up froin off the earth, whose diaineter is nearly eight theusand miles, earth. Also he sent forth a dove from hiin, to see if and which must necessarily be sufficient lo deluge the the waters were abated from off the face of the ground; globe, to the height of very many iniles. And our but the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, young readers should further remember, that the in- and she returned to him into the ark, for the waters spired author, who relates the fact of the deluge, were upon the face of the whole earth : then he put declares that it was carried on under the immediate forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto direction of Almighty God; an event, which, from its him into the ark. And he stayed yet other seven days;

and again be sent forth the dove out of the ark; and our hearts if we ask him to do so,-it follows that we the dove came in unto him ia the evening; and, lo, in must pray to God to give us his Holy Spirit to sanctify her mouth was an olive leaf plucked off : so Noah our hearts, and take away our sins, and to make us to knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. love God, that we may keep his commandments. If And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the we pray, God has promised to give us bis Spirit, “ Ask dove; which returned not again unto him any more. and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find, knock and And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth it shall be opened unto you.” If we do not pray to God, day of the month, was the earth dried.” Gen, viri, we cannot receive the Holy Spirit, but must remain 1-14.

for ever sinful and wicked; and a wicked person is not A whole year and ten days was Noah shut up, with fit for heaven and God's company, but only for hell, his fainily, and the living creatures in the ark; in which and the devil's company, where he must for ever dwell time a variety of reflections, both painful and profitable, in misery: but if we pray to God for his Spirit, our inust necessarily fill his mind. But his faith was prayers will be answered, and we shall be inade fit for vigorous, like that of other of the servants of God in God's company, and then we shall alwaye dwell with their peculiar and fiery trials, affording to us a most him. Then let me say to you all, that you must pray instructive example, to " trust in the Lord for ever ; or you will be condemned; you must pray, or you will for in the LORD Jehovah is everlasting strength." go to hell; you must pray in real earnest to God to give Isa. xxvi, 4.

you his Holy Spirit, you must pray in spirit and in truth, with all your heart, and really desiring to have

what you ask for. If you pray merely as a task, kneel. Sunday School Lectures.

ing down at night and morning, and saying your

prayers without regarding what you say, and as a task, LECTURE IV.

God will not answer your prayers, berause while you “THY WILL BE DONE ON EARTH AS IT IS IN HEAVEN."

are thus praying, you will be only sinning against him,

and mocking God; you must pray in spirit and in Whose will is it that we pray may be done? - God's. truth, with all your hearts, desiring and feeling the

What is the meaning of God's will being done? -- need of what you pray for. Then let us all remember That all God has commanded in the Bible may be before we go to bed this night, to ask God for Christ's obeyed.

sake to give us his Holy Spirit; for if he does not What bas God declared in the Bible to be his will, or change our hearts we must be condeinned; but if he coinmands ? — That we should love God with all our does, then we shall be saved, and live with him for hearts and souls and minds, and our neighbours as ever in heaven, and with his holy angels, and with all ourselves : and we should strive to obey ihese com- the redeemed in his heavenly kingdom, and be for ever mandments.

in that place, where there is everlasting joy for those We pray that God's will may be done on earth as it who love Christ, and who have been made holy by the is in heaven; how does man naturally obey God's will? Holy Ghost, such joy as man's "eye hath not seen, nor – Man naturally obeys God's will unwillingly, as if it ear heard, nor has tver entered into the heart of man to were a great hardship and task.

conceive.” May we all be made partakers of this joy Who do God's will in heaven ? — The angels.

for Christ's sake. Amen. How do the angels obey God's will: in what spirit

C. R. A. and temper? -They take delight and pleasure in doing God's will, and perform it cheerfully. What then do we pray for, when we say, “Thy will

ON RECONCILIATION. be done?” – That man may take pleasure in doing God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, God's will, as the angels do in heaven.

2 Cor. v, 19. These words are small in bulk, but great Can men, naturally disliking God's will, and thinking

in mystery ; 'tis the heads of the Gospel in a nutshell; it a great hardship to obey his commands, cause them

the most sparkling diamond in the whole golden ring of selves to lore God's will, and willingly to obey his com

Scripture.' It comprehends the counsels of eternity mands? — No.

and the transactions of time. A wonder in heaven, If then a man must really love to do God's will,

God bringing forth a man-child to be a propitiation for before he can go to heaven, and if he cannot make

sin, which was the Jews' stumbling-block, and the Genhimself to love, instead of hating, God's will; by whose

tiles scoff : but wherein the wisdom and grace of God's strength can he love God's will, and how may he counsel in heaven, and the power of his actions on earth, obtain that strength ? — Man can only love God's will,

clearly shine forth in the face of Jesus Christ. The by God's giving him the strength and power so to do ;

Jacob's ladder, the upper part fixed in heaven, and the and man inay obtain God's strength, by praying for it.

lower foot standing on the earth, angels descended un How is it that man naturally hates God's will, in

that; God descends to man by this in acts of wisdom stead of loving it?- Man hates Gorl's will, because his

and grace, and inan ascends to God in acts of faith and heart is wicked : because his heart or “thoughts” (as love. How beautiful will this whole work appear Scripture says) “are only evil continually, and because God's will is altogether holy.

when the whole methods of it come to be read in

heaven in the original copy, when they shall be seen in Who must change inan's will from being sinful,

the face, in the bosom of God, in fair and plainer be holy, and what must man do to obtain this change? characters. To conclude: if all the sparks that ever - God must change the heart of man: but he must

leaped out of any fire since the creation, and all the pray to God for his Holy Spirit to sanctify his heart,

drops of rain that have fell upon the world, were so to make it holy; and Jesus Christ purchased the Holy Spirit for us by his death.

many angelical tongues, their praise would come short

of the excess of this love. Let the praise of God for Teacher. Since, then, man's will is just contrary to this, be not the business of a day, but the work of our God's will, God's will being holy, and man's will being

lives, since eternity is too short to admire it.-Charrock. unholy - since man's will inust be made like God's will before he can go to heaven, being made holy --- since man cannot by his own strength inake his heart holy, Humility looks upon another's virtues, and its own but only God - and since God has promised to change infirmities. —Watson.


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