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SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY,

made them secure against any attack of daring infide! NOAH.

violence. “And the LORD shut him in." Gen. vii, 16.

Still the Divine mercy admonishes, and waits seven The Deluge.

days ! ( how pitiful to sinners is the forbearance of For an enlarged account of the wonderful vessel which God! He said, “For yet seven days, and I will caust Noah, by the Divine command, built for the preserva- it to rain upon the earth.” Ver. 4. The guilty might tion of himself and family from the destruction brought yet obtain forgiveness! Whether any impenitent heare upon the old world, we refer our readers to the first became softened to contrition, we know not: perhaps volume of the Christian's Penny Magazine, page 26; some might come to themselves in the eleventh hour, and now proceed to consider that most tremendous of believe the truth, and implore pardon and eternal all the providential visitations of God—the Universal salvation. Most, however, continued hardened in Delnge.

iniquity, "treasuring up unto themselves wrath against The ark being finished according to the dimensions the day of wrath." which God had commanded, every necessary preparą. At length the skies becoine lowering. The clouds of tion having been inade, and all provisions completed, heaven begin to gather blackness, and the darkened the door was opened for the admission of those whom firmament threatens the tremendous storin.

It comGod had appointed to salvation. “ And the Lord mences with terrorsaid unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the

“Hollow murmurs fill the air, ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this

Thunders roll and lightnings glare ; generation. Of cvery clean beast thou shalt take to

Shrieks of woe and fearful cries, thee by sevens, the male and his female ; and of beasts

Mingled sounds of horror rise ; that are not clean by two, the male and his female.

Dire confusion, frantic grief,

Agony that mocks relief: Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the

Like a tempest heaves the crowd, fenale; to keep seed alive upon the face of the earth.”

While in accents fierce and loud, Gen. vii, 1–3.

With pallid lips and curdled blood, Noah had fulfilled his ministry of righteousness, and

Each trembling cries, The Flod!The Flood!delivered his faithful testimony to a world of trans- What a frightful scene must hare presented itself to gressors; and now a new and strange set of witnesses the eyes of the benevolent patriarch, if he looked out arise, to condemn the disobedience of the impious un- of his sacred asylum! While the winds were howling believers. The birds of the air are seen Aying in with tempestuous fury, torrents were pouring down couples to the secure asylum. The beasts of the field from the skies, and oceans were issuing from “the appear marching towards the ark, not only the domestic fountains of the great deep which were broken up and the timid, losing their fears; but the most ferocious from beneath. Universal horror and desolation ap. species of them, becoming tame and obedient, led by peared. Scoffing infidels, who but yesterday had ina powerful instinct, as if sensible of the impending sulted the tender-hearted Preacher, and carelessly calainity, and “warned to flee from the wrath to beheld the mysterious procession of the brute animals come." They flocked in pairs and sevens around the to the ark, now bewail their helpless misery, and fy to wondrous building, seeking free ingress to it as the find a place of refuge. Many run to the building only place of refuge, ready to subunit to the manage- which they had ridiculed, and weeping beg for admisment of the patriarch, and in peaceful harmony with sion : but their tears are unavailing, and their entrcatics each other.

fruitless. The roofs of stately buildings and lofty “In the self-same day entered Noah, avd Shem, towers are covered with trembling multitudes ; but and Hain, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's they are quickly engulphed in the underinining waters. wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into Crowds ascend the inajestic hills, whence they behold the ark. They and every beast after his kind, and all with agonizing grief the wreck of universal nature, and the cattlc after their kind, and every creeping thing | perish in tormenting despair. that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every The storm abates not, but increases. Roaring cata. fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. And they racts newly formed, rush down the precipices, and went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all sweep the breathless fugitives from their last retreats, flesh, wherein is the breath of life. And they that into the vast abyss. The mightiest mountains yield, went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God and are swallowed by the devouring element, and had comipanded him." Gen. vii, 13— 16.

nothing appears but an immense and universal ocean, Although the brute creatures had eagerly taken their with the solitary consecrated vesssel, floating securely allotted stations with Noah, the world of rational upon its awful bosom. Noah, in the mean time, ador: beings continued deaf to his suleinn warnings, and ing the righteous Judge of the universe, and saying, heedless of the threatening danger. The ark and its “Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God' builder were still the subjects of their jocularity; and Alınighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of as our blessed Lord assures us, the very day on which saints! Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify the holy patriarch and family entered their consecrated thy name.” Rev. xv, 3, 4. habitation, the rest of mankind were immersed in sensual indulgences. “In the days that were before second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the the flood, they were eating and drinking, inarrying and same day were all the fountains of the great deep giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. the ark.” Matt. xxiv, 33, 39. "But the season of their And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty unhallowed festivities is short : despised judgment is at nights. And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the door, and ready to fall upon the profane wretches, the earth; and all the high hills that were under the in the midst of their career of madness. The long- whole heaven were covered, fifteen cubits upward did suffering of God will not for ever wait upon the guilty; the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.” and sinners may cherish their impenitent infidelity till Gen. vii, 11, 12, 19, 20. there is no means of redemption.

As the flood continued incrcasing during forty days, No sooner is the precious cargo safely on board, and the waters must have risen on the average, at the the faithful prophet and his family seated in their new astonishing rate of thirty feet each hour ! apartments, than Almighty God, with paternal care,

(To be continued.)

thy Harthine slike inundredth year of Noah's life, in the

Letters to a Mother, upon Education.

LETTER XXXIIL

future years.

On the Choice of a Profession, continued. The finul establishment of your son in his art, trade, or profession, should equally be a matter of prospective contrivance.

It is not enough that you can support him through an apprenticeship; you should so apportion matters, as that you can not only do this, but set him up in business, and give him a fair start afterwards. It is not enough that you can support him through his clerkship to an attorney, you ought not to do this unless you can furnish him with a few hundreds for his support till he can get into practice. You must consider whether, when you apprentice him to an apothecary, and purpose that he shall attend the hospitals, you shall be able to furnish his shop, and to give hiin the means of sub. sistence for a year or two, till he makes a connection. If he must be a clergyman, you ought to bave a reasonable prospect that you shall be able to support hiin through school and college, and to give him the ability to inaintain himself for a year or two afterwards, till he gets a title to a curacy; and even then to furnish him with the books ncedful to his studies, and with all other expenses, till he can float upon the salary of the assistant minister. And he is not a skilful parent, who does not consider all these things; and who, if he has not the rational prospect of being able to do all this, in any given case, does not lower his plans to a case in which he has. He is also an unwise, an unkind parent, and will lose the respect of his child, who, having conducted hiin to the verge of his profession, then begins to complain that he neither can nor ought to go any further. Why did he not foresee this point of difficulty? and why did not his forethought lead him to prevent his child and himself ever being exposed to it? If he now shrink and complain, let him know that his child now being come to years of reflection, will never excuse his parent for a want of sagacity and prudence.

I must also add an additional caution, that you do not exactly destine your child, before you can have an opportunity of judging of his capaliility, to this or that profession, and before your child is also capable of forining and expressing his own inclination. Be assured, that should you adopt this proceeding, your own determination, however you may promise yourself it shall be kept secret, and shall not influence your child, will inevitably operate in all your conduct towards him.

I believe many a mother, and many a father have destined their chiid while in the cradle to be a clergy. inan. The mother especially, perhaps with really good inotives, has felt like the mother of Luther, what an honour it would be if her child should be a minister of Jesus Christ! An honour it is indeed, far greater than that of kings or emperors ; but then it should be an honour really and manifestly conduced to by circumstances as they develop themselves in after-life. The mother, however excuse me if faithful dealing seem harsh the mother has set her heart on her son's being a clergyman. While rocking his cradle, her mind has woven its reverie; and there, amid future circumstances, she delights to trace him to school, and from school to colJege, and from college to the pulpit, and her heart beats high with the anticipated gladness of hearing him declare and explain to mankind the love of God in the gospel. In some such reverie, she settles the school in which he shal be brought up, and the college he shall go to. She resolves, indeed, that she will never do any

thing to influence him to this determination ; " yet, oh! if it should be the will of Providence, it would be the consummation of her earthly wishes, for herself and her offspring." Kind and amiable parent ! your feelings are honourable: may they be gratified ; but do not dream, I beseech you, but that entertaining so fond and fervent a wish in your own bosom, will influence your conduct towards your child, and will influence his determination. Oh! yes, many an expression of maternal tenderness, many a suggestion little observed by yourself, will assuredly conduce to this result; and if you should awake to the momentary regret that you are saying and doing too much, yet be assured, when that einotion of regret is past away and forgotten, your child will retain the impression, and is already, under the repetition of such instances, being moulded insensibly into the future divine. Yet how unlikely is it that he will be all that he ought to be — all that is required for this office! Cease, then, your wishes : forbear, for his ke and your own : recal the blissful emotion, and subunit the amiable ambition to the development of

Amid these observations, I must however crave room for a provision for the extraordinary case, in which a lad most evidently exhibits peculiar adaptation to the pursuit of some particular art, or science, or profession. Suppose, for instance, some able and honest tutor or schoolinaster, upon whose fidelity and judg. inent you can rely, should give it as his firm conviction, that the child in question would succeed admirably in the pursuits of either university, for instance; then to derote the lad, having eminent talents for classics or mathematics, to a trade, would seem

an unlawful opposition to the apparent will of Providence respect. ing him.

In this, or in any other similar case, it might be proper for the family and friends of the youth to make those efforts and sacrifices, with a view to his education, which in ordinary instances would be very unjustifiable

. This, however, would be a case requiring the greatest caution. The parents themselves should not be the judges. Their partiality for their offspring, and desires for his highest welfare, will infallibly prejudice their opinion. Even the recommendation of the tutor or the schoolmaster should, if possible, be attended with the concurrence of some other person capable of forming a judgment to this effect, and less likely to be iniuenced by partiality, &c. But the case, although possible, is comparatively rare. In offering you observations upon the topic, such a supposition ought to be barely provided for. Advice respecting it ought to proceed upon the expectation, which is immensely more likely to be fulfilled, that your offspring will exhibit no qualities

, which could warrant his being devoted to an art, or trade, or profession, which, in point of the money and time it would require, the sphere of society in which it would require hiin to move, or the estimation in which it is generally held in the world, is at all above the reach of the parents, or superior to their own station. I am, dear Madam, yours, &c.

CLERICUS.

An Oak Charel.— The Oak of Allenville, iu Nor. mandy, known as Chene Chapelle, was a century and a quarter since converted into a place of worship; its trunk was at that time hollow, and its head in part destroyed. This living cavern was then paved and roofed, and divided by a floor into two apartments. The lower was fitted up by the Abbé du Detroit as a chapel, and the upper as a dwelling for the officiating priest. - Professor Burnett's Lecture.

Sunday School Lectures.

LECTURE III.

man

THY KINGDOM COME."

men.

Whose kingdom is it, that we pray may come? God's.

What is the meaning of a kingdom 1-A ruling over some country; England is a country over which a king rules, therefore it is a kingdom.

What is the meaning of God's kingdom coming ? Suppose a king was driven from his country by rebellious wicked inen, and after a long time was to return; his ruling over a loyal people would make the country a kingdom: and when the king was seated on his throne, and his subjects around him, his kingdom would be come.

When we pray to God "thy kingdom come,” what do we ask for?

- We pray that God would quickly come and rule over this world; that He would make men to love him, and be willing to obey him ; that he would overthrow Satan, and convert' wicked

But does not God already rule over every place? Yes.

How then, if God already rules everywhere, can we pray that his kingdom may soon come?-A king may rule over a country, but nevertheless he may have enemies amongst his people. For instance, suppose the French were come, and had burnt down London; King William nevertheless may reign, because they may not have slain bim, nor have placed another king in his stead: so God does rule over the world, but he has cnemies in it.

Who are God's enemies in the world ? - Satan and wicked men.

But we are going to speak of a kingdom that is within us, over whichi God does not yet altogether rule. What is the kingdom that is within us ? — The ruling of (od in our hearts.

Does God rule over our hearts ? --- Yes, if we are godly.

Are there any enemies in our hearts against God?
Yes.
Who are they? - Satan, and our natural sinfulness.

What do we ask God to do for our hearts and wickedness, when we say “Thy kingdom come?”We

pray that the Holy Spirit would himself come and dwell in our hearts, overthrow Satan, take away the sinfulness of our hearts, and give us holiness.

Teacher. From the whole we learn, that we must pray that God would cast Satan out of our hearts, and take away our sinfulness, and give us holiness; and we inust also never indulge any bad thoughts, but always endeavour to drive them out of our mind; we should also try to think more of God, of his kindness and love to us, and of his sending Jesus Christ to die for us, that we may be able to go to heaven. May God enable us so to do, to think more of Christ, and to strive against all evil thoughts and tempers: if we do we shall certainly have that prayer answered, “Thy king

” and then we shall go to heaven, and be for ever with our God in happiness. If we do not, we shall certainly always be ruled by Satan, who will make us miserable now, and hereafter make us miserable in hell, where he dwells with all his wicked angels, and with wicked men. May God enable us all, never to indulge in wicked thoughts or actions, but to think more of Jesus Christ and heaven. May we all with all our hcarts, and with all our understanding, cry “Thy kingdom come;" and inay the God of heaven grant us our requests, for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen.

A SPECIMEN OF WELSH ELOQUENCE. “If I were to represent in a figure, the condition of

as a sinner, and his recovery by the cross of Christ, I would attempt it somewhat in this way: Suppose a large grave-yard surrounded by high walls, with only one entrance by a large iron gate fast bolted : within these walls are thousands and tens of thousands of huinan beings, of all ages and of all classes, by one epidernic disease bending to the grave; the grave yearns to swallow them up, and they must all perish. This is the condition of man as a sinner, "The soul that sinneth it shall die.' Whilst man was in this deplorable condition, Mercy, the darling attribute of Deity, came down and stood at the gate, looked at the scene, and weeping over it, exclaimed, Oh! that I might enter : I would bind up their wounds — I would relieve their sorrows-I would save their souls. While Mercy stood at the gate weeping, an embassy of angels, commissioned from the courts of heaven to some other world, passing over, paused at the sight (Heaven forgave the pause); and seeing Mercy standing there, they said, Mercy! Mercy! can you not enter? Can you look on the scene, and not pity? Can you pity, and 'not relieve? Mercy replied, 'I can see (and in tears added), I can pity, but I cannot relieve. Why cannnt you enter? Oh! said Mercy, Justice has barred the gate against me, and I cannot, I must not unbar it. At this moment Justicc himself appeared, as if it were to watch the gate. The angels inquired of him, why he would not let Mercy enter? Justice replied, My law is broken, and it must be honoured. Die they or Justice must. At this time there appeared among the angels, a form like unto the Son of God, who, addressing himself to Justice, said, What are thy demands? Justice replied, My terms are stern and rigid : I must have sickness for their health - I must have ignominy for their honour-I must have death for their life --Without shedding of blood, there is no remission.' Justice, said the Son of God, I accept thy terms : on me be this wrong: let Mercy enter. When, said Justice, will you perform this promise? Jesus replied, Four thousand years hence, upon the hill of Calvary, without the gates of Jerusalemn, I will perform it in my own person. The deed was prepared and signed in the presence of the angels of God Justice was satisfied, and Mercy entered, preaching salvation in the name of Jesus ; and as time rolled on, the deed was committed to the patriarchs — by them to the kings of Israel and to the prophets — by them it was preserved till Daniel's seventy weeks were accomplished ;- then, at the appointed time, Justice appeared on the Hill of Calvary, and Mercy presented to him the important deed. Where, said Justice, is the Son of God? Behold him, replied Mercy, at the bottom of the hill, bearing his own cross! She then departed and stood aloof. At the hour of trial Jesus ascended the hill, whilst in his train followed his weeping church. Justice immediately presented to him the deed, saying, This is the day when the bond is to be executed. When Jesus received it, did he tear it to pieces, and give it to the winds of heaven? No! no! He nailed it to the cross, exclaiming, 'It is finished. Justice called down holy fire, to consume the sacrifice. Holy fire descended; it swallowed his humanity; but when it touched his Deity, it expired ; and there was darkness over the whole heavens ;- but, glory to God in the highest ; there was 'peace for earth, and everlasting good-will ta man.'

dom come,

Divisions are Satan's powder plots, to blow up re. ligion.- Watson.

SCRIPTURE GAZETTEER.

BETHESDA (the house of effusion, or mercy), in the

Vulgate Latin Piscina Probatica, because, according to (Continued from p. 222.)

soine, the sheep were washed in it which were ap: Bashan (in the tooth, or ivory-or in the sleep), one

pointed for sacrifices, was the Hebrew name for a pool

or public bath, which had five porticos, piazzas, or of the most fertile cantons of Canaan, which was

covered walks around it. This bath for its singular bounded on the east by the river Jordan, on the west

usefulness was called Bethesda, the house of mercy, by the mountains of Gilead, on the south by the brook Jabbok, on the north by the land of Geshur. The

because, as Pool observes in his Adnotations, the erect. whole kingdom took its name from the hill of Bashan,

ing of baths was an act of great kindness to the comwhich is situated in the middle of it, and has since been

mon people, whose indispositions in hot countries called Batanea. It had no less than sixty walled towns

required frequent bathing; though the generality of in it, besides villages. It afforded an excellent breed

expositors think that it had this name rather from God's of cattle, and stately oaks, and was a plentiful and

great goodness shown to his people in giving such healpopulous country.

ing virtues to waters as this pool had; for at a certain season, probably at the Passover, an angel went down

into the poul, and moved it in so sensible a manner, between Antiochus Eupator and Judas Maccabeus. troubling of the water, was made whole of whatever 1 Mac, vi, 32, 33.

discase he possessed. See John v, 2, 3. BEER-SHEBA (the well of an oath, or the well of BETHLEHEM (the house of bread), a city of the tribe seven), so called because Abraham made here an alli. of Judah, different from another of the same name, in ance with Abimelech, king of Gerar, and gave him the tribe of Zebulon. (Josh xix, 15.) It is likewise seven ewe lambs to serve as a monument of that cove- called Ephrath (Gen. xlvii, 15), or Ephratah (Micah v, nant which they had sworn to. It was situated twenty 2), and its inhabitants Ephratites (Ruth i, 2); and miles from Hebron towards the south. The limits of

1 Sam. xvii, 12. This city was not at all considerable the Holy Land are often expressed from Dan even to for its extent or riches, but was infinitely so on account Beer-sheba, 2 Sam. xvii, 11. Dan was the northern, of the Messiah's birth. Bethlehem was situated upon and Beer-sheba the southern extremity of the land. the declivity of a hill, about two leagues from JeruBERÆA (weighty), a great and populous city of

salem. It is generally visited by pilgrims, and at preMacedonia, lying to the south, in the neighbourhood of sent is not only furnished with a convent of Latins, but Athens. Here was a synagogue of the Jews, into which also with one of the Greeks, and another of the Armenians. St. Paul went, and preached with great success ; inso- Here are shown you the very place where our Saviour inuch that the apostle has bestowed a peculiar eulogium

was born, the manger in which he was laid, and the on the Beræans, telling us that they were more noble cave or grot in which the blessed Virgin hid herself and and ingenuous than those of Thessalonica, in that they her divine babe, from the malice of Herod, for some received the word with all readiness of inind, and dili- tiine before their departure from Egypt. The grot is gently searched the scriptures, whether the things they hollowed in a chalky rock, but this whiteness is said had heard of Paul concerning the Messias were so or not to be natural, but occasioned by some miracu. not. -See Acts. xvii, 11.

lous drops of the blessed Virgin's milk, which fell from Besor (glad news), a brook that falls into the Medi

her breast when she was suckling the holy infant; and teranean between Gaza and Rhinocorura. This is the

so much are the inhabitants of Bethlehem possessed brook of the wilderness (mentioned Amos vi, 14), which

with that opinion, that they believe the chalk of this inany have unadvisedly taken for the brook or river

grotto to have a miraculous virtue for increasing of Egypt, which is spoken of in some places of Scrip

women's milk : and it is taken very frequently for that ture, as Josh. xv, 4, 47, &c., and is no other than the

purpose. Here are shown likewise the chapel of Nile, or the most eastern branch of it.

St. Joseph, the supposed father of our Lord; the

chapel of the Innocents, and also those of St. Jerome, Bethany (the house of the grace of the Lord), a con- St. Paula, and Eustochium. About half a mile east. siderable place, situated at the foot of the Mount of Olives,

ward froin the town you see the field where the shepabout fifteen furlongs eastward of Jerusalem. Here it herds were watching their focks when they received was that Martha and Mary lived with their brother the glad tidings of the birth of Christ. Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from the dead ; and it was

BETH-PHAGE (the house of the mouth, or of early figs), here that Mary poured the perfume on our Saviour's

a small city of the priests, situated on Mount Olivet, head. Bethany at present is a very small village. One

about fifteen furlongs from Jerusalem. of our modern travellers acquaiuts us, that at the entrance into it there is an old ruin, called Lazarus’s

BETHSAIDA (the house of fruits), a city, whereof there Castle, supposed to have been the mansion house where

is no mention in the Old Testament, though it frehe and his sisters lived. At the bottom of a descent,

quently occurs in the New; the reason whereof is, not far from the castle, you see his sepulchre, which the

that it was but a village, as Josephus tells us, till Philip, Turks hold in great veneration, and use it for an ora

the Tetrarch, built it up to a magnificent city, and gave tory, or place of prayer. Here going down by twenty

it the name of Julius, out of respect to Julia, the steps, you come at first into a small square room, and

daughter of Augustus Cæsar. Its original name in from thence creep into another that is less, about a

Hebrew imports a place of fishing and hunting, and for yard and a half deep, in which the hody is said to have

both those exercises it was commodiously situated. jain. About a bow-shot froin hence, you pass by the

In and near this city our Saviour performed many place, which they say was Mary Magdalen's house ;

wonderful miracles. Luke x, 19. and thence descending a steep hill, you come to the Bithynia (violent precipitation), a country in Asia, fountain of the apostles, which is so called, because, as adjoining to Mysia and Phrygia on the north and norththe tradition goes, these holy persons were wont to east; and stretching along the sea which lies between refresh themselves here between Jerusalem and Jericho, the European and Asiatic continents, quite up to Pontus as it is very probable they might, because the fountain Euxinus. This country has been made famous since is open to the road side, and is very inviting to the the times of the New Testament for the first general thirsty traveller.-See Maundrel's Journey, p. 79. council held at Nice, a city thereof, against the Arian

1

heresy, by colninand of Constantine the Great. dually ncarer, hanging, as is the practice of sailors when St. Paul proposed to visit this city, but did not fulfil his standing in a crowd, upon each other's shoulders. In intention, the Spirit not suffering hiin. Acts xvi, 7. this position they listened, with almost death-like Bochem (the place of weeping), the place of weepers.

silence, till he had finished telling them what he should “ And an angel of the Lord came from Gilgal to Bu

have said, if they had been willing to hear him. He chim” (Judg. ii, 1.) There is mention of the same

then took off his hat, made them a bow, and thanked place in 2 Sam. v, 24. “ When thou hearest the

them for their civilities. Most of them took off their sound on the top of Bochim, thou shalt bestir thyself.”

hats, and gave him three cheers : several vociferated, Lastly, the Psalmist (lxxxiv, 6) seems to speak of the

•When will you come again, Sir?' And one man, who same place when he says, “Who going through the.

seemed like the champion of the whole, approached vale of Baca, or misery." -Others translate the Hebrew

Mr. Hill, and said, If you will come again, Sir, I say Bochim, mulberry trees, or tear trees; and, instead of

no one shall hurt a hair of your head, if I am on shore. the vale or place of tears, read the vale or place of

Mr. Hill promised that he would visit them again, as mulberry trees. The difficulty consists in fixing the

soon as other engagements would permit. There are situation of Bochim, whether we understand hy it

now, in that town and neighbourhood, several places of mulberry trees or weepers. Some fix it at Shiloh,

worship; and it is as quiet and orderly a seaport as any because they sacrificed to the Lord when the angel

in the kingdom.” found them. Now it was not lawful to sacrifice anywhere but at the taberpacle, which was then at Shiloh. VANITY OF HUMAN REASONING INDEPENDENT Others place Bochim Dear Jerusalem. It is certain

OF DIVINITY. that the battle between David and the Philistines in the valley of Bochim (2 Sam. v, 24) was fought near Jeru

It is the great error of many eminent philosophers, salem; wherefore, unless two places are distinguished by

that they systematically exclude the Deity from all the name of Bochim, it must be allowed that this was

their reasonings on the forination and principles of near Jerusalem.

things; and strive in vain to account for them rationally without Him. No failure seems to lead them to sup

pose that they are wandering in a bewildering darkness, ROWLAND HILL PREACHING TO SAILORS.

from which they will never extricate either themselves

or their subject. By this voluntary omnission they imIn the early period of his ministry, Mr Griffin states, pede the progress of human science, by depriving it of “that when visiting one of our seaport towns, where

the benefit which would accrue from their active ininds, he attempted to preach in the open air, he was so inter- if these were wisely directed into the actual path of rupted by noise and missiles, that it was impossible, truth and light. Turning out of this, they give us in for a time, to proceed. He was on horseback, and his their most elaborate efforts to supersede it, nothing but footman with him. Instead of attempting to preach, a succession of butterfly fancies, which amuse for a he had recourse to an innocent stratagem. Addressing moment, and then expire and are forgotten. We have himself to the people, he said, “My lads, I have no plenty of vague assertions and chimeras, but nothing to right over you; if you do not choose to hear me, I have advance our knowledge or satisfy our judgment, or that no authority to force your attention; but I have tra- lasts beyond the meteors of a day. This defect is convelled some miles for the sake of doing or receiving tinually spoiling many of the most lofty minds in other good; I have, therefore, a proposal to make to you. countries, and deprives them of that valuable reputaalways did admire British sailors. I see here some tion which is their dearest hope, and which their able-bodied seamen : some of you no doubt have seen a

researches and talents would otherwise more certainly great deal of service, and been in many a storm, and obtain. Nothing tends more to consign an author to soine in dangerous shipwrecks. Now, as I am very oblivion, or to that depreciation which is far worse, fund of hearing the adventures of seamen, my proposal than to depart from the grand truths of nature, and set is, that some of you, and as many as you please in turn, up idols and fallacies instead. No one patronizes shall stand up and tell us what you have seen and suf- another's fantasies, however fondly he may cherish his fered, and what dangers you have escaped ; and I will

And if the British empire keeps its reasoning sit and hear you out, upon this condition, – that you mind firinly attached to the great Newtonian principle agree to hear me afterwards.' This proposal made of the Divine causation of all things, its men of science many of them laugh heartily, and they said oue to will always be in the foremost ranks of intellect, another, ‘Do

you
stand

ар, and give us a lecture. One honour, and celebrity.
called upon a talkative sailor by name, 'I say, Harry,
do you give him a lecture,' which produced a loud burst

A PHILOSOPHER'S ESTIMATE OF SACRED of laughter through the whole crowd ; and Mr. Hill, to keep them in good humour, laughed with them.

HISTORY After waiting some time, Mr. Hill said, “Will none of As nature will never be properly understood, if its you take my proposal ?'' None being disposed to do so, creation by the Deity be excluded from the thought; he said, 'I am a clergyman-I came, dot long since, neither will human history appear a rational or con. from the University of Cambridge. If you had heard nected system, nor be found in harmony with the me, I should have told you nothing but what is in the science which characterizes the laws of the material Bible or Prayer Book. I will tell you what I intended universe, if the sacred history which has accompanied to say to you, if you had heard me quietly.' And then our earthly subsistence be onnitted in our contemplabeginning with a declaration of the grace and coinpas

tion. It is this which gives purpose, order, process, sion of Christ in dying to save all penitent sinners, he intelligence, and benevolence to the other. At least, led them to the consideration of the thief on the cross ; never understood or duly appreciated the ancient and then to the character and circumstances of the history of mankind, until I viewed it with this associa. prodigal son, and the compassion of his father. His tion, and had traced such of their mutual relations as description of what he meant to have said was so in- I was enabled to discern. New light and intelligibility teresting and affecting, that he rivetted their attention, then spread over the whole, and made that a pleasing and produced an evident change in their disposition and useful study, which had been before a dissatisfying towards him. While he was speaking they drew gra- and barren one. - Turner

own.

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