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injunction. “According to all that Cod commanded fellows has become apprenticed to an apothecary; and him, so did he.” Gen. vi, 22.

then nothing would serve but that he, like his school. In all this Noah stands proposed in the sacred re- fellow, must compound inedicines, surrounded by jars cords as an example to us, of determined, persevering, and phials ; or he has read an entertaining voyage or and cheerful obedience in the path of duty. that we travel, and his determination was as strong to go to sea. may be followers of himn in the way of God's com- The watchful parent will ascertain to what these sudden mands, and as he and others have done, find that in impulses are to be ascribed. He will not violently or keeping them there is a sweet satisfaction, a "great with contemptuous language or manner oppose them : reward."

he will discover by the vehemence of the impulse, that it is likely to be of short duration. Should it last

longer than is convenient, and should it be directed Letters to a Mother, upon Education. towards an object which is in itself ineligible, he will

seek to abate, by dividing the impression : he will LETTER XXXIII.

skilfully submit a variety of other different pursuits On the Choice of a Profession.

to the mind of his child, when the attraction of

some new object will probably diminish the attachDear Madam,

ment. Your son must, at a proper time, which The chief points, in which the parent's superintendat the latest should be sixteen years of age, choose the ence of his son's choice of a profession is concerned, profession, or art, or trade, in the exercise of which he are such as the following: will procure his maintenance, augment his worldly pos. First, that the art, trade, or profession, should be sessions, support his family, and render that share of such as will not require more time and money to achis services, which is due from him to society.

quire it than will be consistent with the general happi. This is usually considered a serious question in a ness of the parents, and justice to the welfare of the family; and well it may be, since upon the right settle- remaining members of his family. There must have ment of it will depend much of your child's future hap- been an injurious error in management, when you find piness and your own.

a parent distracted how to raise money to keep his son It appears to me, that the selection of a profession, at college, or the hospitals, or in chambers at an inn or art, or trade, for your son, should, under your oron of court, &c.; and when you hear himn declare, or see it guidance, be his own aet. It seems but fair that he likely that the other sons or daughters must be deprived should have a voice in a question in which he is to be of some advantages, because the eldest son or daughter so much interested to the end of his days. Besides, it has been so highly educated. I have seen this, and will rarely be found that'he will heartily engage and bave heard parents confessing the delusion, that they really prosper in any pursuit which he may not have hoped and expected the son or daughter in question selected for himself as the object of his own inclina. would, in consideration of what had been done for him tion.

or her, behave the better to the parents themselves, or If, then, by the time that he is fifteen or sixteen years take care of their brothers and sisters, or when they old, you have properly etlucated him, if you have given came home from school or college, become the insufficient scope to his powers of observation, by showing stractors of the remaining members of the household. and explaining to him the different arts, trades, and I believe it is coinmon to hear such persons declare, professions, you will find that he has spontaneously, that they have educated the eldest son or daughter, that and in a way for wbich he himself can give no account, he or she may teach the others. I have also heard thein fixed upon some one of them -as his future pursuit. urge this motive as an excuse for the extraordinary Should he not have done this at the time that you think pains and expense bestowed for this purpose ! it right to put to him the question, which you will do The human mind always seeks for some show of reawithout any needless solemnity, you need not be dis- son for its conduct; but it is amazing with what sophis. concerted. Entirely drop the subject for half a year ticated excuses it can palliate its own indolence and longer, should he not in the interim himself voluntarily vanity, and soothe its own consciousness of misdeclare that he has become decided. At the same time judging. do not, even if you approve of his determination, too Next to the preceding considerations, I believe it is hastily consider his choice as final. You will find your important that the parent should consider whether his son, cven under the best intentions on his part, and the son has chosen an art, or trade, or profession, to which -best management on your own, frequently perhaps the natural properties of his constitution, both of body wavering and uncertain, as to his future profession. or of mind, are adapted. This estimate, however, is to It is the settled roish which continues for several months be formed with a due consideration of the extent to together, and which you perceive to be permanent, and which the nature of man has ever been found, when even becoming stronger, to which you are to attend. accustoined to an employment, to put forth unexpected The parents must nevertheless exert all their natural and capabilities. Still, if the choice made by your son is acquired ability to judge of the propriety of the choice. really and widely different from his natural qualificaThey know their child, both as to his mind and body, tions, or from what his acquired qualifications may, better than he himself does, or any other person in the under all circumstances, be expected to become, it world. Happy would it be if parents could view this should seem to be your imperatire duty to divert, by subject through the clear, unsophisticated medium of skilful management, the propensities of your child iuto good common sense !

another channel, lest haply you fulfil the counterpart Were such the case, they could easily discriminate of the fable, wherein the cock was sent to be a sailor, whether their child is under the influence of momentary and the swoin to be a soldier. impulse derived from novelty, from the example of a It should also be another regulation of prudence obschoolfellow or companion, or from the perusal of any served by the parent, that the choice made by his son is book. I have known children influenced by each of of an art or profession that is likely to furnish an ade. these circumstances. A lad has been taken to hear an quate and permanent supply for the necessities of human eminent clergyman preach, or counsellor plead, and for life. days and months 'he has been consumed by the mania Supposing hin to be destined to be a tradesman, ! of becoining a preacher or barrister. One of his school. should advise, that in preference to all others he should

or reverence.

choose a trade which was founded upon the real, indis

Sunday School Lectures, pensable, and universal necessities of mankind. Let him choose to learn a useful trade, rather than what is

LECTURE II. called a fancy business. I would sooner that he should

HALLOWED BE THY NAME." be a carpenter, with the prospect of moderate success, than a designer, for instance, of botanical drawings. What is the meaning of “hallowed?” – To honour, People will always want chairs and tables, but the botanical artist is dependent upon the caprice of public

When we say

“Hallowed be thy name," what is it taste.

that we ask for -- We pray God to lead ourselves and Soine of the most unhappy people I have ever known,

all men to honour and reverence him. have been those whose trade was liable to the caprice How do we dishonour God ? — By breaking his comof fancy and fashion, I have often been reminded by: mandments. such instances of the story of the tailor and the con- What is the eighth commandment ? .“ Thou shalt jurer in a besieged town. The conjureo was the first to not steal.feel the famine. In vain he pretended to swallow.pins

Do we dishonour God when we steal? - Yc3. and expectorate fire. While the tailor, though poorly Why by stealing do we dishonour God? - Because paid, had work to the last, for the people always needed by so doing we break his commandinents. raiment.

What is the third commandment? -“Thou shalt not Whenever a movement takes place in the popular take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.". caprice, it reduces the families of persons devoted to What is the meaning of taking God's name in vain? the fancy trades to the ebb of distress. For instance, Swearing, speaking bad words, crying out in play the queen appears at a levee in Brussels lace: the nobi- O Lord! or God! lity and gentry follow the example, and hundreds of Do

you

dishonour God when you say bad words? Buckinghamshire lacemakers have nothing to do. She Yes. appears in a bonnet of Leghorn straw at the next Why? - Because we break his commandments. drawing-room, and the staple manufacture of Bedford. Teicher. Then do not let us ever swear, or use bad shire undergoes a similar depression. Avoid, by all words. means, that your child should be devoted to a pursuit What is the fourtli commandınent? -" Remember which is liable to such Auctuations. Equally oppose to keep holy the Sabbath day. his choice of a pursuit in which success must depend What day is the Sabbath day? — Sunday. almost entirely upon his own peculiar ingenuity.

Do we dishonour God when we play on the Sunday, (To be continued.)

and do not go to church or to school ? - Yes.

Why do we dishonour God by so doing ? - Because

we break his commandments. DESIGNS OF THE SACRED HISTORY.

T. Then let us always take care to keep the Sunday The following observations by Sharon Turner, are as as we ought. iinpressive as they are beautiful. “We are on this earth

How else may we dishonour God? — By talking at solely from our Creator's special appointinent; neither church, and behaving ill at church; by saying our

we nor our aucestors have constructed it for our babi- prayers with our lips, and not with our hearts; by - tation. It has been provided for our present existence quarrelling and fighting, and telling stories, before our race began, and couținues for the reception

How may we honour God? - By keeping his comand residence of others when we disappear. We find. mandments, and by reproving those who do not keep every thing in it most artificial and specifically ipade,

them. and all independently of us. The whole of it has been

Will God take to heaven those that honour him ? framed in every part by some other and superior power,

Yes. who has formed it on his own plan, and for his own Why will he? - Because he has said, Those that purposes. Our term of existence in it is that which he

honour me, I wilt honour." has been pleased to fix, and to which he has limited Will God punish those that dishonour him? - Yes. our enjoyment of it. This special fabrication of all Why will he? - Because God has said, that “those things which now surrounds us, leads the inind to infer

who dishonour him, he will lightly esteem, or punish." and believe, that our next state and mode of existence T. Let us then pray to God to give us strength, that will be as elaborately and attentively providerl. In all

we inay keep his commandments ; let us strive always periods of our being, our Creator must be our disposing to obey them; let us always keep holy the Sabbath, governor, so far as he shall choose to be: and it there never talk at the house of God, nor say wicked words, fore becomes an object at all times of the deepest nor say our prayers with our lips only, without our interest to us, to ascertain, if possible, his intentions

hearts; and let us never be ashamed to confess that we and wishes as to our present and future destinies.

are the servants of Christ. Let us strive to love God What he has imparted to us of his will and expecta- daily more and more.

C. R. A. tions--what commands he has imposed — what information he has condescended to convey-and what intercourse he has been pleased to hold with our progenitors

CONTENTMENT. in the anterior ages of our history; the more we know Such a commander is Contentment, that wheresoever of these important subjects, and the more just our no- she setteth foot, an hundred blessings wait upon her : in tions of them, the more clearly shall we discern how we every disease she is physician, in every strife she is a ought to direct and regulate both our conduct and our lawyer, in every doubt she is a preacher, in every grief reasoning speculations, for the improveinent of our she is a comforter; like a sweet perfume which taketh intellectual nature, and the preservation and increase of away the evil scent, and leaveth a pleasant smell for it. our personal happiness. These topics are comprised As the unicorn's horn, dipped in the fountain, makes in the sacred history of the world. We can know no- the waters which were corrupt and noisome, clear and thing of the thoughts and purposes of the Divine mind, wholesome on a sudden, so whatsoever estate godliness but from its own revelations, of which we possess a comes unto, it saith like the apostles, Peace be to this record, and the only authoritative memorial, in the house, Peace be to this heart, Peace be to this man.Jewish and Christian Scriptures."

Smith.

Man doth not claim thy forfeit blood, THE DEATH OF ANANIAS.

But thou must fall before thy God! Suggested by viewing one of the Cartoons.

“ That Saviour in whose name we preach!

That Spirit by whose power we açt! When we turn over History's page,

He can alone the guilty reach, When we survey the works of old,

He hath surpris’d thee in that fact!” Those sumptuous piles from age to age

Behold the agony of death! W’hich bent beneath their loads of gold,

Behold him yield his latest breath! The proud abodes of mighty kings,

S. Hopking. What interest such description brings ! But here we trace no stately throne Inlaid with ivory and gold,

THE OFFICIAL GLORY OF THE SON OF GOD; With purple drapery round it drawn,

Or, a Treatise on the Universal Headship of Christ. By A mean abode we here behold; But more renown'd, more truly great,

John Jefferson. 12mo. cioth, pp. 278. Westley and Than e'er was monarch's dome of state.

Davis, London.

CORRECT views of the Person and Offices of Jesus Christ Some short time since a sound was heard, “Like rushing of a Mighty Wiud;"

are essential to the peace and edification of the Chris

tian. Dr. Owen was worthily impressed with this conAnd such a Guest as then appear'd, In no rich palace can we find;

viction, when he wrote his “Declaration of the Glorious

Mystery of the Person of Christ,” and his “ Discourses That Holy, that Immortal Dove, Proceeding from the God of Love.

on the Glory of Christ.” Those excellent volumes have

been read by thousands with spiritual profit and delight, He came in cloven tongues of flame,

and they will continue to be prized by the church of And sat upon the head of each,

God. Mr. Jefferson's volume, though not precisely on To glorify a Saviour's name,

the same plan as either of those celebrated works, conAnd send his servants forth to preach,

tains much of the substance of the two, and we are That He should come, the Lord declar'd!

persuaded that it will be highly prized in proportion as And in his might He soon appear'd.

it is known. To those within such gifts He brought,

The judicious author remarks, “ The following outAs never princes yet receiv'd:

line of this great subject may be presented:

“ The Lord Jesus Christ is here to be viewed as, A few poor Fishermen, who wrought For daily bread, but who believ'd

The ordained inediuin for making known the Divine In Him who had been crucified,

glory. — John i, 18; Rev. xix, 13. They had the boon to kings denied

“The Head and Lord of the Elect Angels. — Eph. i,

9, 10; 1 Pet. iii, 22. His power to speak in foreign tongues,

“The Conqueror and Ruler of the Fallen Angels. So that each stranger hears his own,

Eph. iv, 8; Col. ii, 15. From whatsoever clime he comes,

The Mediator and Governor of Men.- 1 Tim. ii, 5; From Egypt, Lybia, mighty Rome!

John xvii, 2. And with an eloquence and grace,

“The Saviour and Head of the Church. — Eph. F, Denied to every former race ;

23; and, To heal the sick, to raise the dead,

The Supreme Lord of Wicked Men. — Psal. cx, 2; To cast out devils in His name;

I Cor. xv, 25. All that He promis'd ere He bled,

“ Besides these several relationships, his official glory They had when this His Spirit came;

is also to be traced in the universality of his spiritual They could approve, absolve, condemn,

reign on earth for a thousand years; Psal. Ixxii, 3, 17; All they could need was granted them.

Rev. xx, 1-6;- in the union of all holy creatures

which is effected in him ; Eph. i, 9, 10; Col. i, 16–20; They with an energy divine

- in the glorious exaltation which he now enjoys, and Had just been praying for His aid ;

the dominion which he exercises over the invisible state; He deign’d on many hearts to shine,

Roin. xiv, 9; Eph. i, 20, 21; Rev. i, 17, 18; -- and in Who listen’d to the words they said;

the last acts of time, when he shall raise the dead, And richest offerings hence were brought, judge the world, settle all things in their final coixlition, By those the Holy Ghost had taught.

and deliver up the kingdom, that God may be all in all; Who had receiv'd, they freely give,

John v, 28, 29; 2 Cor. v, 10; Matt. xxv, 31; 2 Thess. United still in heart and inind;

i, 7—10; I Cor. xv, 24- 28." Rich with the poor in common live,

These several divisions of the author's plan are filled What some may need, the rest will find;

up in a manner which will not only secure respect for Nor house, nor lands, nor gold they claim,

him as a sound divine, but contribute to promote the To form a church their only aim.

improvement of his readers, in growing in grace, and

in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. But not on earth a perfect one

Was it permitted them to raise
A hypocrite was found among
Those who compos’d it in those days.

Knowledge must carry the torch before faith.-Watson
Behold him! See his fearful end !
Death comes ! but comes not as his friend.

London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Clearly

Fleet Street; to whom all Communicatious for the Editor (post pall) Behold that stern, that piercing eye,

should be addressed ; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the

Uuited Kingdom. And that uprais'd, extended hand! “How couldst thou to the Spirit lie?

Hawkers and Dealers Supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STEILL.

Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAIGLIA, He wanted not thy house nor land!

124, Oxford Street; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbery.

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PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND S, POPPIN'S COURT, FLEET STREET, LONDON.

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SAMUEL, THE FOUNDER OF SCHOOLS IN

ISRAEL. “VENERABLE SAMUEL” is presented to our contem. plation by the inspired pages, as one of the inost excellent and worthy characters of the Hebrew nation. Samuel was in a special manner the child of prayer, and Hannah, his pious mother, gave him his expressive name, which signiñes Asked of God, as a living memorial of the Divine condescension to her requests.

Every stage of Samuel's eventful life, 'affords much valuable instruction to the readers of the Holy Scrip. tures. His early dedication to God -- his infantile

YOL. II.

education, by his devoted mother-- his presentation to the Lord under the care of Eli the priest, while yet a child-his call of the LORD --his establishment as a prophet-the defeat of the Philistines at his prayershis labours as a judge of the nation - his anointing of Saul to be king of Israel -- his anointing of David on Saul's rejection by God-his conduct towards Saul and his death and general character, would each furnish an important subject of ineditation. On a future occasion we intend to notice each of these particulars, in our "Scripture Biography:" but our present remarks will refer chiefly to the institution of Schools by the patriotic prophet.

2 H

Benefits and blessings innumerable were conveyed by himself (that is, the two books of Chronicles, and to the Hebrew nation, and by them to the whole world, the books of Ezra and Esther), and the Book of Neheby means of the institutions and labours of Samuel. miah was written after his time, and so most likely was For he was the first or chief of that series of prophets, the Book of Malachi also : and therefore a later time whom God mercifully raised up and employed to must be assigned for their insertion into the canon, and preserve the inspired books of Moses, and to commit

noue is inore likely than that of Simon the Just, who to writing the subsequent divine revelations. To this is said to have been the last of the men of the great consecrated series of the servants of God, the apostle synagogue. For what the Jews called the great synaPeter referred, when he said to the Jewish rulers, in gogue were a number of elders, amounting to one defence of his divine commission, “Yea, and all the hundred and twenty, who, succeeding some after prophets, from Samuel and thuse that follow after, as others, in a continued series, from the return of the many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these Jews again into Judea, after the Babylonish captivity, days.” Acts iii, 24.

to the time of Sinon the Just, laboured in the restorParticulars relating to the establishinent of the pro- ing of the Jewish church and state in that country ; in phetic colleges, we are not able perfectly to ascertain : order whereto, the Holy Scriptures being the rule they but we find an eminent society at Naioth, in Ramah, were to go by, their chief care and study was to make with Samuel as their president. “And when they saw a true collection of those Scriptures, and publish them the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel

accurately to the people. Ezra, and the men of the standing as appointed over them,” &c. - See 1 Sam.

great synagogue that lived in his time, completed this xix, 20 — 24.

work as far as I have said. And as to what remained Obadiah, of the court of Ahab, was a truly pious farther to be done in it, where can we better place the man, and at the hazard of his life he afforded protection performing of it, and the ending and finishing of the and support to two of these colleges, 1 Kings xviii

, 4. whole therehy, than in that time where those men of Bethel, Jericho, and Gilgal, are mentioned as being the great synagogue ended that were employed therein, favoured with the residence of these holy men of God. that is, in the time of Sinon the Just, who was the last 2 Kings ii, 3–5; iv, 38. But to what extent in after- of them? And that especially, since there are some ages these institutions were carried, we are not in

particulars in those books which seem necessarily to formed. During the reigns of terror in Israel, the ser- refer down to times as late as those of Alexander the vants of God were persecuted; but at every reformation, Great, if not later. For in the third chapter of the and in every revival of religion in the nation, they were First Book of Chronicles, we have the genealogy of protected and encouraged. Hezekiah appears to have the sons of Zerubbabel, carried down for so many degiven them countenance, and to have employed them scents after him, as may well be thought to reach the in transcribing the Sacred Books. So it is intimated, time of Alexander : and, in the Book of Nehemiah, Prov. xxv, “These are also the proverbs of Solomon, chap. xii, 22, we have the days of Jaddua spoken of, which the men of Judah copied out.” “And Hezekiah as of days past; but Jaildua outlived Alexander two spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught the years. I acknowledge these passages to have been good kuowledge of the LORD.” 2 Chron. xxx, 22. interpolated passages, both put in after the tiine of

Ezra and Nehemiah, after the return of the Jews Ezra, and after the time of Nehemiah (who were the from captivity in Babylon, were zealous promoters of writers of these books), by those who completed the the schools of the prophets; and to them, under God, canon. To say they were inserted by those holy men the revival of learning and religion is to be attributed. themselves who wrote the books, the chronology of The completion of the canon of the Old Testament their history will not bear: for then they must have Scriptures was effected by the “Great Synagogue,” lived down beyond those times which those passages which was a college of the sons of the prophets, refer us to; but this is inconsistent with what is written established by Ezra. Under what obligations we are of them. And to say that they were put in by any laid to them will be estimated precisely by the manner other than those, who, by the direction of the Holy in which we prize the foriner volume of the word of Spirit of God, completed the canon of the Scriptures, God. Dr. Prideaux's account of the Great Synagogue will be to derogate from their excellency; and thereand its various labours, will be interesting to our fore we must conclude, that, since Simon the Just was readers, and tend to confirm those of but limited re- the last of those that were employed in this work, it search, in their belief that the Old Testament contains was by him that the last finishitig hand was put thereto, the pure and unadulterated oracles of God.

and that it was in his time, and under his presidency, Simon the Just, high priest of the Jews, dying and chiefly by his direction, that the canon of the Holy after he had been nine years in that office, left behind Scriptures of the Old Testament, by which we now him a son called Onias; but he being an infant, and receive them, was perfected, and finally settled in the therefore incapable of succeeding in the high-priest- Jewish church. And thus far having brought down hood, Eleazar, the brother of Simon, was substituted this history through the Scripture-times, till the canon high-priest in his stead. This Simou, as he had by the of the Scriptures of the Old Testament was fully peruprightness of his actions, and the righteousness of his fected, I shall here end the first part of it. After this conversation, both towards God and man, inerited the followed the Mishnical times, that is, the times of surname of the Just; so also was he in all respects a traditions. Hitherto the Scriptures were the only rule very extraordinary person; which the character given of faith and manners which God's people studied: but of him in the fiftieth chapter of Ecclesiasticus suffi- thenceforth traditions began to be regarded, till at ciently shows. There, many of his good works, for length they overbore the word of God itself, as we find the benefit both of the church and state of the Jews, in our Saviour's time. The collection of those tradiare mentioned with their due praise. But his chiefest tions they call the Mislınah, that is, the second law, work was the finishing of the canon of the Scriptures and those who delivered and taught them, were styled of the Old Testament. What was done herein by Ezra the Mishnical doctors. From the death of Simon the hath been before related. The books afterwards added, Just their time began, and they continued to be known were the two books of Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, by that name, till Rabbi Judah Hakkadosh collected all Esther, and Malachi. That these could not be put into those traditions together, and wrote them into the book the canon by Ezra is plain; for four of those books which they call the Mishnah; which was done abont are, upon just grounds, supposed to have been written one hundred and fifty years after Christ.”

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