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Therou and Aspasio, This volume of that pious and These inquiries he pursued with avidity and refucd interesting writer was read with eagerness and delight, delight, rising early in the morning, and sitting up as it brought before the mind of William, so clearly late at night, for the purpose of reading on these suband fully, those doctrines of the gospel, which were jects, so as to arrive at the certain knowledge of the suitable to relieve his mind, the complete justification truth of God. of a sinner by faith in Christ, and the several momen- From what he had read, he was brought to this contous doctrines inseparably connected with the imputa- clusion, especially as Mr. Hervey mentions the names tion of the righteousness of Jesus, our glorious Surety. of many Puritan's and Dissenters, as well as pious
The Hebrew quotations apart, it was of incalculable bishops and doctors of the church, who fully agreed advantage to the mind of the young solitary inquirer. with him in all the principal points of evangelical This volume was the means of opening a new field of doctrine;--that truly religious men, whether churchmen the purest pleasure in the writings of the apostle Paul; or dissenters, were unanimous in their reception of especially serving as a preparative to the study of the the vital articles of Christianity. epistles to the Roinans and the Hebrews; and William The views of the gospel maintained by Mr. Hervey, adopted the collect for the Conversion of St. Paul, to William found were contained in the doctrinal part of use on a Lord's day as part of his prayers. And many the thirty-nine articles of the church of England: but a time, when any new difficulty on religious matters the discourses which he heard in his parish church, arose in the mind of William, did he wish that bore little resemblance to the writings of his favourite Mr. Hervey were still living, and that he was his uncle, author. With him, regeneration by the Holy Spirit,or some relation, that he might enjoy the delightful justification by faith in the revelation of the atonement privilege of corresponding with him, for the purpose of Christ and the imputation of his righteousness,of gaining divine instruction. He resolved, however, sanctification by the truth, through the Spirit,-and to procure the volumes of Theron and Aspasio, and to divine adoption by the sovereign grace of God, appeared give them a scrious and attentive reading, from which to constitute the essence of Christianity; but these he anticipated a full measure of satisfaction, and great glorious doctrines, involving all that is rich in the enlargement of mind. He did procure them, and gospel, were scarcely ever heard from the pulpit to derived from their perusal the lasting benefit which he whose instructions William intently listened.' Thereexpected.
fore, on being released froin servitude, he did not Two passages of the epistles of Paul, at that time many times attend his parish church; but with an appeared to William as most peculiarly significant and elderly fellow-workman before mentioned, he usually comprehensive ; and upon his knees he learnt them
worshipped at the chapel in the connection of the late ly prayer, beseeching God at once to imprint them on Countess of Huntingdon. his memory, and impress them upon his heart. The The doctrines inculcated in that place of worship, first of those passages is, “ God, who hath saved us, were those which Mr. Hervey advocated; and William, and called us with a holy calling ; not according to our finding them edifying and comforting to his mind, he works, but according to his own purpose and grace, was resolved on making that place his religious home. which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world Among the people, he found many truly devoted to began; but is now made inanifest by the appearing of God, and not a few young men, at whose prayer our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, meetings Williain attended, much to his happiness. and hath brought life and immortality to light through He was soon introduced to the Rey, V. Bennet, then the gospel.” 2 Tim. i, 9, 10. The other passage is, the worthy and zealous minister of the chapel; he “For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, dis- engaged as teacher in the Sunday school, and became obedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, a candidate for communion with the Christian church living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one formed in that place, and was in due time admitted a anotlier. But after that the kindness and love of God meinber of their fellowship. our Saviour toward man appeared ; not by works of William several times attended at St. Mary's chapel, righteousness which we have done, but according to to forin an estimate how far the doctrines he heard his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration from his pastor, the Rev. T. Bennet, corresponded and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on with the ministrations of the Rev. Mr. Burn, and he us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savivur; that, was satisfied and delighted to find an essential agree. being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs ment between their evangelical sentiments; though according to the hope of eternal life.” Titus iii, 3–7. their style of preaching was not exactly the same.
These two scripture texts were regarded by William Perhaps also a notice of two sermons that William as containing a most rich and summary exhibition of heard on those occasions, may be worthy of record: the gospel of Christ, and in seasons of dejection they the first was from the venerable Mr. John Riland, the were happily the ineans of his consolation. To first minister of that chapel, on a visit, after he had Mr. Flervey's writings he considered himself chiefly obtained the living of Sutton-Coldfield. His text was, indebted, as instruinental in leading him to perceive “The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, their glorious design, in promoting our spiritual peace. because he knoweth not how to go to the city.”
William was painfully convinced, that the pure Eccles. x, 15. The text appeared singular; but his gospel of Christ was not generally preached in his discourse on the difficulty of worldly professors finding parish church, and the serions from the several offi- the city of God, was delivered in his usually impressive ciating clergymen were lamentably deficient in their manner, and it seemed to be attended with the Divine exhibitions of the saving truths of the gospel; and this benediction. occasioned him considerable uneasiness, yet he knew The other sermon was from the venerable Mr. Tho. not what to consider as its cause. But he was still mas Scott, the commentator, the last time, it is believed, further led to try every sermon and opinion by the that he occupied the pulpit of St. Mary's Birmingham; word of God, from the perusal of a short memoir of and he preached as a "dying man to dying men," on the life and martyrdom of Archbishop Cranmer. By 2 Pet. i, 13-15. “I think it meet, as long as I am this he was yet further stiwulated to pursue his re- in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in ligious inquiries, determining especially to examine remembrance; knowing that shortly I must put off the principles of those who had been inartyrs for the this my tabernacle,” &c. The sermon was altogether of cause of Christianity.
a piece with his commentary; and was an interesting
testimony of an aged man of God to the gospel of
Letters to a Mother, upon Education. Jesus Christ, a subject in which William could heartily rejoice. William was thus satisfied, that, after much
LETTER XIII. prayerful investigation of the word of God, the religious principles which he had embraced were those
On Frugality. which the Apostles had preached,
for which Martyrs
Dear Madam, had died, -aud in which Cranmer, Hervey, Watts, and
This is another habit essentially conScott, were of one opinion.
nected with the welfare of your child, and, like all the rest, requires early and habitual inculcation.
The habit of squandering is learnt in the nursery, ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY.
As soon as a child can hold any thing in its hand, people
give it a toy, a little horse or a little cart; and no sooner THIRD CENTURY.
can it walk, than these toys are rapidly increased. The 30. PANTÆNUS, Catechist OF ALEXANDRIA, is visit of an aunt or an uncle, or of a godmother, is the believed to have been a native of Sicily: or born of occasion of giving a new toy: Whenever the father or Sicilian parents in that celebrated Egyptian city. He mother go on a journey, whenever the fair-day or the was educated in the principles of the Stoics, and always child's own birth-day comes round, it is the signal for retained the title of "The Stoic Philosopher.” By an accession to the multitude of such trash already conwhat means Pantænus became acquainted with the tained in the nursery: The consequence is, that a gospel of Christ we have no particular information : craving desire of novelty is created and encouraged, a but we have reason to believe that Christians were nu- taste for splendid varieties, which ever demands somemerous in Alexandria.
thing better, or more curious, or more expensive than Mark, the Evangelist, is said to have planted the the last. He is also taught to love his relative because gospel in that fainous metropolis of Egypt; in the he has given him such a nice toy, which cost so much population of which, the principal sects of philosophy money. Hence he insensibly learns to undervalue every flourished, especially those of the Platonic and Stoic thing which does not cost something. Who can tell schools. The founder of the Christian church in Alex- how much of that extravagance, which this taste for andria, is reported to have established a school for the change and for expensive objects creates in every class diffusion of the doctrines of Christ in that city, and of society, may be owing to a habit of this kind com. that it continued until the time of Pantænus: but he is municated in the nursery? Such people were pamthe first master of it of whom we have any account. pered infants. They only changed their objects as their For ten years he laboriously discharged the duties of years changed; and thus the adage of the poet became his catechetical office; and though it is believed that verified — "Men are but children of a larger growth.” Pantænus debased the sacred truths of the gospel, by I utterly disapprove all toys, &c. for this reason. A the combination of Stoicisin with Christianity, it is well-educated child would never think of them. As he hoped that he was sincere, and the means of leading grows up he may indeed have some one toy of a useful many to salvation by faith in the Lord Jesus.
kind, which may employ his mind and his body, and Demetrius, of whom we know but little, was bishop which may become the source of new employment. I of the Christians in Alexandria, at that period; when highly approve of the child's printing press. Let him ambassadors arriving from India, got acquainted with also be taught to be careful of every thing ; not to dethat zealous pastor, and entreated him to send them a stroy any thing because it is impaired, but to mend it, faithful preacher to instruct their countrymen in the or make the best of it. If he learns to draw, or to doctrines of the gospel. Pantænus was regarded as the colour, let him be careful and economical in paper and most proper person for that mission, which he promptly paint and pencils. Never let him burn a piece of paper undertook, giving by that decision an evidence of his because it is blotted upon one side. It seems also sincerity in the faith of Christ. Of his labours and highly desirable that he should be taught as early as successes in India, we have no particular detail: but possible to make for himself as many of the sources of it is said, that he found in that country the Gospel of his amusement as possible: he will value them for the sake Matthew, which had been carried thither by the Apostle of his own labour. If he makes a paper kite, or helps Bartholomew, by whom the doctrine of Christ had been to make it, he will be more careful of it than if he has introduced into 'India. He also found some who re- nothing to do but to go and get sixpence and go to the lained the knowledge of Christ, the effects of the holy shop to get another. Let atteution to this habit pervade ministry of that apostle.
every thing. Pantænus, having travelled through Arabia, Persia, It is important too that a child should never by any India, and Ethiopia, returned to Alexandria, bringing means be habituated to ideas beyond the station of life the Gospel of Matthew with him, and resumed his filled by his parents, and which in all sober calculation labours in the catechetical school. Some commentaries he is likely to fill hereafter. on the Scriptures are attributed to Pantænus, but they Every religious and sensible parent lives decidedly are lost.
“ Candour," says Milner, “I think, requires below his income, whatever it may be, and does not us to look on him as a sincere Christian, whose fruit- have any thing till he has paid for it: he is therefore fulness was yet much checked by that very philosophy careful to have no needless expenditure, to prefer comfor which Eusebius commends him.-A blasting wind fort to finery, and to be able to view the luxury of other it surely was ; but it did not entirely destroy Christian persons in higher stations without a sigh. These habits vegetation in all whom it infected.”
in the parent, of contentment and frugality, will be Pantænus died about A. D. 216, at Alexandria. transferred to their children. To your son you thereby
give a habit which is sure to conduce to his own com
fort and respectability, and which to your daughter is • Complaining of God is one thing: complaining to the most valuable dowry. God is another." - Mr. Case.
It is also important for the establishment of this “Ciod may cast thee down, O Christian, but He will habit, that poverty should never be spoken of as a misenot cast thee off.” — dem.
rable or degraded situation. Show to your children “A believer in a poor condition, resembles a fine very soon, that happiness consists in health, employpicture in a broken framc."- Idem.
ment, peace of conscience, and the exercise of the social affections; and that consequently the means of happi- Africa,” or procured by barter from its barbarous ness are nearly equally distributed among mankind. chiefs : for in their inordinate thirst for gold, they had Demonstrate to him how very little riches really contri- destroyed multitudes of the natives in Hispaniola, bute to permanent tranquillity. You will never speak compelling them to work in the mines, in search of the of or to a person in a different manner from what you tempting metal. Ferdinand V of Spain, in 1511, perwould to a prince, merely because he is poor; and then mitted large importations of those unhappy men, to your child will never imbibe that deceptious opinion, supply the place of the natives, whose nuinbers were that honest poverty is disgraceful. You will on the daily diminishing, and threatened the speedy extinccontrary make bim prize people for their intellectual, tion of their race, through the cruelties of their but chiefly for their moral qualities. You will show oppressors. him that every creditor who is not paid is defrauded; Cardinal Ximenes, who was regent during the minothat he who by extravagance puts it out of his
rity of Charles V, to his honour, refused permission do good, is a despicable and selfish man.
for a regular commerce in African Negroes. But on object to the use of satire itself upon the habits of those the ascension of Charles to the throne in 1517, that who purchase finery, or luxuries, or any thing else for the sake of show, who wear fine clothes to be thought
great monarch granted a patent for the exclusive
supply of 4,000 Negroes annually to Hispaniola, Cuba, rich, who would sooner be in debt than not make a Jamaica, and Porto Rico. Afterwards this patent was figure, or tell a lie than appear poor; or who make assigned to several inerchants of Genoa : and by this themselves miserable two hundred and thirteen days in means a regular supply of these degraded human the year, that they may walk about in fine raiment and beings was transported to labours and miseries in the go to church very fine on the remaining fifty-two. This Spanish colonies. Probably this great prince was not wretched vanity you will expose in all its consequences. aware of the dreadful evils attending this horrible You will labour to render him liable to none but the traffic in human blood, nor of the criminality of perwunts of nature, and even those corrected by the dic- mitting its existence : for when he made a code of tates of good sense. You will thus render him frugal, laws in 1542, for his Indian subjects, he liberated all honest, industrious, contented, successful, respected, the Negroes, and with a word put an end to Slavery. and, so far as it depends upon such qualities, happy But after Charles had resigned his crown to his son also.
Philip, and the minister of his royal mercy, Pedro de la I am, my dear Madam, yours,
Gasca, had returned to Spain, the imperious tyrants of Clericus. the West Indies resumed their authority; and accord.
ing to their former practices, fastened the yoke of
Slavery on the suffering and impotent Negroes. HISTORICAL NOTICES OF NEGRO SLAVERY. England next became stained with the blood of the
Negroes: Captain, afterwards Sir John Hawkins, was HE THAT STEALETH A MAN AND SELLETH HIM, OR IF
the first Englishman, who dishonoured himself and his HE BE FOUND IN HIS HAND, HE SHALL SURELY BE
country by engaging in this shocking commerce. PUT TO DEATH.” Exod. xxi, 16.
Conceiving that it promised to be a lucrative speculaOUR “Historical Notices of Negro Slavery,” are tion, he obtained the assistance of several wealthy designed as an appeal to believers in the word of God, individuals in London ; and having fitted out three against that iniquitous and aggravated violation of the ships in 1562, he sailed to the coast of Africa, landed dearest rights of man. Intelligent persons do, in many where Free Town Sierra Leone now stands, and fell upon instances, employ their ingenuity to discover some the defenceless Negroes. With sword in hand, he plausible reasons to justify, or at least to excuse that burned and plundered their towns; and having seized shocking system : but certainly it can never be possible 300 persons, he sailed with them to Hispaniola; sold for any believer in Divine Revelation to approve that them; and with various articles of merchandise, the which is so manifestly criminal, unless he be under a price of blood, he arrived in England ! delusion from the tempter, “the god of this world, Hawkins was afterwards appointed to one of the who blinds the minds of them who believe not.” Queen's ships, to proceed on the same adventure. But 2 Cor. iv, 14.
there is reason to believe that Elizabeth was deceived ; Divine Truth will unquestionably avenge those as she is said to have "expressed her concern lest any crying wrongs, which we behold in that “murderous of the Africans should be carried off without their free system of West Indian Slavery!” Who will presume consent;” in which case she declared that “it would to doubt this, when he remembers that God Almighty, be detestable, and call down the vengeance of Heaven before whose righteous tribunal every soul must appear, upon the undertakers.” What then would Elizabeth has signified his abhorrence of that enormity, by the have said, had she known the depredations of this fiend comprehensive law which we have quoted ? How far in human shape? A companion of Hawking in this His holiness must have been provoked, will partly expedition, speaking of their arrival at Sambula, says, appear by our brief details.
“In this island we stayed certain days, going every day Negro Slavery is believed to have commenced in the on shore, to take the inhabitants, with burning anit fifteenth century; for, as Edwards, in his “ History of spoiling their towns.” Mr. Edwards, though averse the West Indies," remarks, “In the year 1442, while to the abolition of the Slave trade, says, “In
regard to the Portuguese, under the encouragement of their Hawkins himself, he was, I admit, a murderer and a celebrated Prince Henry, were exploring the coast of robber. His avowed purpose in sailing to Guinea, was Africa, Anthony Gonsalvo, who two years before had to take, by stratagem or force, and carry away, the seized some Moors near Cape Badajoz, was hy that unsuspecting natives, in the view of selling them as prince ordered to carry his prisoners back to Africa : slaves to the people of Hispaniola. In this pursuit his he landed them at-Rio del Oro, and received from the object was present profit; and his employment and Moors, in exchange, ten blacks, and a quantity of gold pustime, devastation and murder.” Such are the shock. dust, with which he returned to Lisbon.'
ing means of obtaining slaves in Africa, to which all Avarice, in the Portuguese, prompted many to em- dealers or their agents have resorted. bark in this horrid traffic, which they perceived likely Louis XIII was induced to sanction the practice of to become a profitable speculation. The Spaniards slavery in the French colonies, by the lypocritical became purchasers of the wretched men stolen from Romish missionaries represeuting it as for the glory of
God, and for the good of the souls of the Negroes ; and Dr. Warburton, bishop of Gloucester, and Dr. Sathis being the only way of converting them to Chris- inuel Johnson, protested against the iniquitous system. tianity!
At length "the morning star of Negro Freedom British settlements being formed in the West India arose in the person of GRANVILLE Sharp. His perseislands, during the reigns of Charles I and Charles II, vering labours were at length rewarded, by the Judges the colonists commenced plantations and stocked theni in Westminster Hall pronouncing the memorable de. with slaves. The Buccaneers enriched these settle- cision, after the case of one Somerset had been argued ments with their spoils ; and, accustomed as they were three sessions, in January, February, and May 1772, to deeds of blood, to cruelty and rapine, the enslaving that AS SOON AS A SLAVE SETS HIS FOOT ON THE of their fellow-creatures would shock no feeling of ENGLISH SOIL HE BECOMES FREE! their ininds. How many of these wretched creatures This decision excited a more lively interest in favour were imported during those two reigns we cannot tell: of the injured and oppressed Africans; and in 1776, but Mr. Edwards says, that from 1700 to 1786 the Mr. David Hartley, M. P. for Hull, denounced the number imported into Jamaica was 610,000! “I say Slave Trade in the House of Commons; and, having this on suficient evidence,” he observes, “having in laid on the table some of the chains that were used in my possession lists of all the entries. The total im- that murderous traffic, moved, that “the Slave Trade port into all the British colonies from 1680 to 1786, was contrary to the laws of God, and the rights of may be put at 2,130,000.” In 1771, which he con- men.” His motion was seconded by Sir George Sasiders the most flourishing period of the trade, there ville, M. P. for Yorkshire. sailed from England to the coast of Africa, one hundred Soon after a deep impression was produced upon the and ninety-two ships provided for the importation of public mind by an action being brought against the 47,146 Negroes. And now, he observes (1793), the underwriters, for a loss caused by the Captain of a whole number annually exported from Africa by all slave ship, having thrown overboard one hundred and the European powers is 74,000, of which 38,000 are thirty two Negrocs alive!! This barbarous wretch was imported by the British! In this abominable traffic not tried for the murder of these 132 human beings in in human beings, Britain did not indeed take the lead; cold blood; and were it not that his owners attempted but having once embarked in it, she threw into it her to recover their value from the underwriters, who reaccustomed energy, and soon surpassed all the rest to sisted the demand, this horrid trapsaction would have supply her more numerous colonies.
sunk into oblivion, together with thousands of such Mammon was the deity at whose shrine the original murders. natives of the West India islands were sacrificed, and Dr. Peckard, Vice Chancellor of the University at at whose infernal inspiration Negro slavery was com- Cambridge, was a warm friend the Negro, and gave menced and established. Fraud and hypocrisy were in 1785, as a prize essay, the subject, " Is it right to the means of deluding sovereigns to consent that their make slaves of others against their will ?” Mr. Thosubjects should pursue the system, while treachery and mas Clarkson devoted his whole powers to secure the violence were the agents iu its support. Unprincipled prize, and to serve the Negroes; and through him adventurers, for the love of gain, embarked in this Mr. Wilberforce pledged himself to bring the subject unholy enterprise; governments, imposed upon, first before the parliament. On May 22, 1787, a society tolerated, and then encouraged the system, till long was formed for the abolition of the Slave Trade. In custom gave it a kind of sanction. Like the dreadful 1789, Mr. Wilberforce made his first motion on the Upas, blighting and witbering all that came within its Slave Trade, which met with great opposition. The pestilential influence, this horrid system struck deep nation was excited : for the parties interested in this its roots in our colonies : there it still flourishes, the trade in blood were numerous, and the West India and black man's plague, and the white man's curse; and African merchants, the slave captains and others, saw thus will it continue its pernicious influence upon all, their craft was in danger. The struggle was continued until it is uprouted by human benevolence, or perishes for twenty years ; till in 1807, a bill was brought into smitten with the vengeance of offended Heaven !
the House of Lords for the abolition of the slave trade Much has been done by the friends of humanity, by Lord Grenville, then at the head of the government; towards the extinction of this tremendous evil; first to which having passed, it was introduced into the Comlift up the veil which concealed the horrors and enor. mons by Lord Howick, now Lord Grey: on March 25, mities which characterized the slave colonies ;-secondly, 1807, it received the royal signature. By this it was to obtain the decision of our courts, that a Negro could enacted, that po slave should be iinported into our not be a Slave after having set his foot on the shores colonies after March 1, 1808. Thus a second triumph of England ;-thirdly, to secure the abolition of the was gained for humanity and justice ! Slave Trade; and finally, what remains yet to be effected, the total extinction of Slavery throughout the British dorninions.
EFFECTS OF SEEING THE WORD “ETERNITY." Slavery, in its destructive horrors, was but little known, yet as far as it was understond it was repro- A lady having spent the afternoon and evening at cards bated by the wise and humane. Ximenes, we have and in gay company, when she caine home, found her seen, abhorred it: Charles V repented of having sanc- servant-maid reading a religious book. She looked tioned it, and liberated the slaves in the colonies of over the servant's shoulder, and said, “Poor melanSpain : Elizabeth, our nation's boast, protested against choly soul! What pleasure can you find in poring so violence or compulsion towards them; and Louis XIII long over that book ?”– That night the lady could not tolerated it, only on the supposition of its being the sleep; but lay sighing and weeping very much. Her means of their conversion to Christianity.
servant several times inquired what was the matter. Godwyn, a clergyman in the latter part of the seven- At length she burst into tears, and said, “Oh! it was teenth century, was the first man in England, by whom one word I saw in your book that troubles me: there I the system of Negro Slavery was condemned, in a book saw the word ETERNITY! O how happy should I be, dedicated to the Archbishop of Canterbury; and about if I were prepared for eteruity!”. The consequence of the same time, Richard Baxter, the Nonconforunist, this impression was, that she laid aside the cards, reprubated it in his “Christian Directory." In the forsook her gay company, and set herself seriously to eighteenth century, Dr. Hayter, bishop of Norwich, prepare for another world.
LINES ON THE EMBARKATION OF A MISSIONARY
FAMILY FOR THE SOUTH SEA ISLANDS. Wake, isles of the south! your redemption is near,
No longer repose in the borders of gloom ! The Strength of his chosen in love will appear,
And light shall arise on the verge of the tomb! The billows that girt ye, the wild waves that roar,
The zephyrs that play where the ocean-storms cease, Shall bear the rich freight to your desolate shore,
Shall waft the glad tidings of pardon and peace. On the islands that sit in the regions of night,
The lands of despair, to oblivion a prey, The morning will open with healing and light,
The young Star of Bethlehem will ripen to day! The altar and idol in dust overthrown,
The incense forbade that was hallowed with blood, The Priest of Melchisedec these shall atone,
And the shrines of Atooi be sacred to God! The heathen will hasten to welcome the time,
The day-spring the prophet in vision once saw, When the beams of Messiah illumine each clime,
And the isles of the ocean shall wait for his law.
MY FATHER GOD! My father God!- to feeble dust
What wondrous condescension 'tis, That He—the Holy and the Just
Should stoop to own and call us His. My father God !- how sweet the sound
To a repentant sinner's heart ! What love, what joys in it abound ;
What hope and strength it doth impart. My father. God !-and is it true
That Thou hast nam'd me for thy son ? Shall 1 thy matchless glory view,
When I my race on earth have run ? My father God !- how Thou hast led
Me thro' each dark perplexing way; And in the wilderness hast fed
And cheer'd me in my lonely way. My father God !- what holy joy
Oft hast Thou to my spirit given : Thy love shall all my powers employ,
When I shall live with Thee in heaven. My father God !-guard me from ill,
And all my thoughts and heart renew : A contrite spirit, humble will,
Grant me, that I Thy work inay do. My father God!- I long to be
Within Thy mansion in the skies. O how Thy face I pant to see !
Fain would I to Thy dwelling rise. My father God !-in ny last hour,
When I on Jordan's brink shall stand, Around me cast thine arın of power, And bear me to the propis'd land.
THE REVELATION OF JESUS CHRIST, Newly Translated from the Original Greek ; with a
Plain Reading, divesting it of its Metaphors, and Notes describing the persons and circumstances to which the Symbols refer. By George Pilkington. London, Effingham Wilson.
Mr. Pilkington is known to many loy means of his Pamphlet, entitled, “The Unknown 'longues discovered to be English, Spanish, and Latin ; and the Rev. Ed. ward Irving proved to be erroneous in attributing their Utterance to the Holy Spirit,” &c. &c.
After reading that discovery of the “Unknown Tongues,” we were desirous of examining the attempt of that gentleman to furnish a key to the right interpretation of the wonderful prophecies in that mysterious, divine book. We admire the ingenuity displayed in bis illustrations of the sacred text: but we regard them as extremely fanciful, and many of thein as excessively absurd. 'Mr. Pilkington has manifested, in our opinion, excessive precipitancy, in venturing to become a translator and expositor of the most difficult book in the sacred volume, having been only a few months a convert to Christianity!
He says, “It is but a short time since I professed no religion save that which I fancied to be Deism, or rather such a belief of God as would presume to scan the measures of his eternal wisdom by finite reason ; and thus, in denying what I had 110t the spirit to edin. prehend, was I heedlessly neglecting the one thing needful,' which God imperatively demands that all his creatures should seek. * For many years I rioted in those principles which unrestrained reason naturally suggests. At length, without the intervention of misfortune, without having been afflicted by sickness or pecuniary distress, but with a sound 'body and a perfect mind, I, as one of those who composed the staff of a govcruor in one of our colonies, was obliged to attend church in my official capacity, and on that occasion, in the space of an hour, became a convert to Christianity. With an exceeding degree of sorrow for my past offences of unbelief, and with a zeal for the cause of Christ which daily increased, I arrived in England about eighteen months ago.” Dissappointed in his expectations froin Christian brethren, he says, “I threw myself on my Saviour, and praying for the Holy Spirit, mercifully promised to 'teach us all things, determined, by the grace of God, to study the Scrip; tures, and judge for myself. I accordingly deroted much of my time to this pursuit after truth, and, hay. ing continued with great satisfaction until I reached the book of Revelation, I thought of recommencing, without reading it. I was however constrained as it were to go on, and, opening at the eleventh chapter, my attention was arrested by its contents, and in about three hours, I understood it nearly as explained in the present publication.”
We have no doubt of Mr. Pilkington's sincerity, and most sacredly do we hold the doctrine of the Holy Spirit's influence. But still we think Mr. Pilkington mistaken in soine of his conclusions, respecting the communication of special divine illumination.
We would remind him of his former mistakes in relation to Mr. Irving, and would recommend him carefully to review his “Translation of the Revelation."
TO A DEPARTED FRIEND. Thou art gone to the grave, but we will not deplore thee,
Since God was thy refuge, thy ransom, thy guide; He gave thee-He took thee, and He can restore thee; And death has no sting since the Saviour has died.
H. S. H.
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