« PreviousContinue »
PARTICULARS OF THE WILL OF THE LATE
“The following specific legacies may not be unin
teresting REV. ROWLAND HILL.
“To Rev. Theophilus Jones, nineteen guineas for
mourning. EvangeLICAL BIOGRAPHY.-Memoirs of the Rev. Row
“ Elisha Newth, reader of Surrey Chapel, his wife land Hill, A. M. Second Edition, with corrections
and children, nineteen guineas each. and additions. London, Simpkin and Marshall.
“ To his Executors - John Broadly Wilson, of Thousands of those who knew that venerable and
Upper Clapham, Esq., Joseph Green, Upper Thames apostolic minister of Christ, will certainly, purchase
Street, Esq., William James, Wotton-Underedge, and this interesting “Memoir,” which we take this oppor.
Samuel Long, Charfield, Gloucestershire ; nineteen tunity of recoinmending to our readers, as it contains
guineas each, and several articles of plate. much valuable information concerning the life and
“ To each of the trustees of Surrey Chapel, he has death of that lamented philanthropist. Its cheapness
bequeathed mourning rings of three guineas value. will render it adapted to the means of the poorest, and
• Various articles of plate and ornamental furniture besides its literary worth, it contains a portrait of
are given to relatives and friends; among whom are Mr. Hill, and an internal view of Surrey Chapel. The
Lord Hill, Sir Robert Hill, Colonel Clement Hill, and following particulars of his “Will,” may not only be
the Rev. Edwin Sydney. gratifying to our readers, but probably afford them
“To the poor women at the Surrey Alms-houses, some profitable hints for their practice.
five pounds for mourning:
The Testator is described as of Wotton-Underedge, “Mr. Hill refers in his Will to a settlement for his Gloucestershire, and of Surrey Chapel, Clerk, and family and his servants ; to whom he inentions having Master of Arts. The property sworn to at the Stamp disposed the greater part of his estate in his life-time. Office, is under 18,0001. and probate of the will was The particulars of this provision do not of course ap
granted on the 30th day of April, 1833." pear. The bequest of a few articles of plate, &c. however, show the continuance of his esteem to all his family.
ANECDOTE OF THE LATE Rev. ROWLAND HILL. “The bulk of his property, which is termed in the “ The following account, by the Rev. John Griffin of Will the residue,' is bequeathed to the Treasurer for Portsea, in his admirable funeral serion for his venethe time being of the Society or Institution called The rable friend, will be read with interest. Village Itinerancy, or Evangelical Association for the “Mr. Hill, when I was with him at Bristol Taberprogress of the Gospel, the Managing Committee of nacle, related to me in his pleasant manner a fact, which which, from time to time, meet in Old Broad Street, occurred in his youth between his father, Sir Rowland London. Such residue to be appropriated for the Hill, his brother Richard, and himself. The father was pious and benevolent uses and purposes of that Asso- not pleased with what he considered the irregular conciation.'
duct of his sons, in descending so low as to preach in “ The following bequests are
very characteristic:-- the villages and in the fields. One fine summer evening, "I give and bequeath to the congregation at Mill our deceased friend was preaching by the side of his Street Chapel, Leamington, Warwickshire, two hundred father's park, at Hawkestone, in Shropshire. His of my Hymn Books in sheets, one hundred of the powerful voice, exerted in a zealous degree, was suffifarger, and one hundred of the smaller editions, for the ciently strong for the sound occasionally, while he was use of the congregation; to be sold by the Managers preaching, to reach the ears of his father, then sitting for the time being, and the produce arising therefrom in his drawing-room, confined by indisposition. He to be applied for the benefit of the Redeemer's cause in sent a servant to Richard to require his presence, and, the said Chapel
on his arrival, he inquired whose voice it was that he “I also give and bequeath for the use of the con- heard. It is Rowland, I suppose, Sir, preaching to the gregation at Wotton-Underedge, at the Tabernacle, people in the neighbourhood. Go, and tell him to two hundred of my Hymn Books in sheets; one hun- come to me immediately,' was the command of the dred of the large, and one hundred of the sinall edi- father. Richard obeyed, and went to Rowland, and tions ; to be sold for the benefit of the Redeemer's cause whispered to him that he must go directly to his father. at Wotton-Underedge.
Rowland said, 'What shall I do with the congregation? “To my coachman, Daniel Church, my carriage I cannot go, unless you come up and finish iny disand horses. If he wishes to part with them, I request course.' Richard immediately began to preach, and he will sell them to those who will use theni well.
Rowland went to his father, and received a lecture for «• To Charles Goring, my silver marrow spoon, his irregular conduct. While receiving this lecture, sugar shovel, all my mourning rings, seven silver table Sir Rowland said to hiin, I hear some other person spoons, four salt spoons, my gold watch and appen. preaching now — who is that?' 'I snppose it is Richard dages, my 'scrutoire in the parlour at Surrey Chapel, finishing my sermon, Sir,' said Rowland. "Go immeand fifty of each edition of my Hymn Books.
diately, said his father, and tell him I command him “To Susannah Ash, seven table spoons, my metal to come at once to me, and do you come with him.' watch, and my largest chest of drawers in the front bed- Rowland immediately, obeyed, but when he came to room at Wotton-Underedge.'
Richard, he had finished the discourse, and dismissed “These bequests are in addition to a provision for the people. They both went to their father, who the servants.
severely reprimanded them for so degrading themselves. “The remainder of the Hymn Books are bequeathed They both used some affectionate and respectful lanto the Trustees of Surrey Chapel, for the benefit of the guage to him, and employed some witticisins, and told Redeemer's cause there.
some risible anecdotes about the grateful expressions of “The Testator further directs, that the farm at the poor elderly women, which made the father, in spite Wotton-Underedge shall be continued; to assist which, of his anger and his gout, to smile,- for the Baronet he gives his third horse for the use of the faru. 'I was of course pleased that the people in the neighbourhequeath the whole to the Managers of the Tabernacle hood of his mansion should be kept in good humour. at Wotton-Voderedge, to apply the produce for the use When his sons perceived that his anger was abated, they of the said place of worship."
bowed and retired : and su the matter ended.”
CHRISTIAN MELODIES. Part I. THE SABBATH. With Four Illustrations on Steel. Part II. The GARDEN. With Four Illustrations on Steel.
These beautiful little publications contain selections of poetry from our inost esteemed anthors. The compilation and arrangement do credit to the editor, and we have no doubt but they will be well received by the public, of whose patronage they are truly worthy. They are admirably adapted for presents for young per
The Sabbath will be found a treasure in assisting the devotions of the Christian on the Lord's day.
CHRIST EXPOUNDING THE LAW. The voice of God was mighty, when it brake Through the deep stillness of chaotic night,
Uttering the potent words, Let there be light ! And light was kindled as th’ Eternal spake; While hosts seraphic hymn'd the wondrous plan, Which form’d heaven, earth, sun, sea, and crown'd the
work with man. The voice of God was mighty, when it came
From Sinai's summit, wrapp'd in midnight gloom,
When ceaseless thunders told the sinner's doom,
; And but the " still, small voice" was licard, yet God
was there. Yet not alone in thunder or in storm
The voice of God was mighty, as it came
From the red mountain, or the car of fame :
Lay hush'd - the warring winds obey'd his word;
The conscious demons knew and own'd their Lord, And at his bidding set the captive free: But is not hatred strong as wave or wind? And are the hosts of hell more stubborn than mankind? These too he vanquish'd: when the holy law
From his pure lips like mountain honey flow'd,
Still as he spake the haughty heart was bow'd,
And yet he spake, and yet they heard, in vain :
Even as their sires to idols turn'd again, When Sinai's thunders shook no more the sky; So these went back to bend at Mammon's shrine, And heard that voice no more, yet felt it was divine !
STORMS AND CALMS AT SEA. “SUNSET this evening was truly a splendid sight: the colours of the sky were more various than any I had ever before observed: the clouds too assumed a form, a tinge, and a magnitude in their masses, excited the in a dazzling blaze sunk beneath the sea, than the moon shone forth with a brilliancy quite unusual to ns of northern climes. Our ship, with all sail set, was gliding silently over the rippled surface of the ocean, when, in a few minutes, all was changed. The wide expanse
of burnished gold which replaced the setting sun faded suddenly away ; the inoon withdrew her trembling beams; and the clouds, forming into one dense black mantle, overspread the firmament, and enveloped the whole horizon in darkness. A flash of lightning in an instaut attracted all eyes towards the cast, just over the barren coast of Africa. The breeze died away to a perfect calm, and the sails hung loosely against the mast. Thunder followed at a distance: scarcely had its awful hollow murmurings ceased, when the winds came sweeping along the deep, sudden as the lightning which accompanied it. Our ship, not unlike a sea-bird fright. ened from repose, rushed through the foaming wave, with an unusually tremulous rapidity, at once astonishing and alarming. The seaman's skill was instantly requisite for the prevention of threatened danger. The orders to furl the sails were given and accomplished within a few minutes; and in a short time the squall, accompanied with heavy rain, had passed beyond us. A light breeze succeeded, scarcely sufficient to raise a gentle curl upon the waves; all sail was again set; the moon, surrounded by the resplendent host of heaven, burst with augmented lustre from her concealment, and the overcharged clouds dispersed into various forms, of different shades and hues, leaving the atmosphere around so serene and beautiful as to excite our greater astonishment at the extraordinary suddenness of the change; a circumstance by no means upfrequent between the tropics, sometimes occurring several times in the course of one night."
THE FIFTH BIRTHDAY VERSES.
BY A FATHER POR HIS LITTLE BOY.
The rolling months have brought the day
On which my life begun:
In peace my course to run ?
How I had best pursue
By keeping heav'n in view.
And daily seek by prayer,
And shun the wicked's snare.”
And learn the Saviour's ways; That I may certain progress make
In wisdown, and his grace.
“If the minister's tongue be like the pen of a ready writer, and the hearers' hearts like oiled paper, the word will make no impression.”
“Lo! here is a plurality, a whole chain of blessings. Pardon of sin draws the silver link of grace, and the golden link of glory, after it. You may name it “Gad, a troop cometh."
London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid) should be addressed; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the
United Kingdom. Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STBILI,
Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAISERKE 124, Oxford Street; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
JULY 13, 1833.
PRINTED AND POULISIII.D BY C. WOOD AND SON, POPPIN'S COUR, FLLET STREET, LINDA.
EPHESUS AND ITS TEMPLE Have been celebrated, not only by the pens of classic authors, but by the writings of inspired apostles “The temple of the great goldess Diana"-"and her magnificence “whoin all Asia and the world worshippeth”-" and the image which fell down from Jupiter," as mentioned, with many particulars, Acts xix, will, we doubt not, be interesting to our readers, — especially as the wicked craft of that system of "abo. minable idolatry” was subverted by the preaching of the gospel - and as that city was 'favoured with the ministry of St. Paul during threc years (Acts xx, 31). A moral revolution more complete and holy, probably, never took place in any city; and among all the apostolic churches, it seems none were more distin. guished for their spiritual attainments and personal virtues as disciples of Christ, than the Ephesian believers. John, 'the beloved disciple of Christ, passed some of his latter days with the people of God in this city; and died at 'Ephesus, as is believed, about A. D. 100.
Diana's temple at Ephesus, was reckoned by the ancients as one of the Seven Wonders of the World."
The former temple was astonishingly magnificent; and Eratostratus, an Ephesian, set it on fire, B. C. 35. The wretched man confessed, when on the rack, that he was induced to perpetrate that crime, by the desire for his name to be carried down to posterity, if by no other means, yet by the commission of that atrocious in. cendiarism. Eratostratus has secured that infainous notoriety; though the council of Asia made a decree that no inan should mention his name: but his madness or folly was noticed by most historians.
It has been remarked, that on the same night on which this event transpired, Alexander the Great was born. Ambition and vanity were the ruling passions of that scourge of the world, and it is said, that the mighty conqueror of the nations, prompted by his love of fame, offered to build the temple at his own expense, provided the Ephesians would allow his name to be inscribed on its front. The citizens declined the proposal ; but fearing to provoke the resentinent of that dread prince, they informed him that "it was not proper for one god to build a temple to another.” This in a measure satisfied Alexander.
Superstition impelled the idolaters to restore the wondrous fabric, and in a style even more glorious
The pillars and other materials, that had been saved and fostered by general councils, until it increased to vut of the flames, were sold, with the jewels of the fulness of stature, barely lingers on in an existence Ephesian women, who on that occasion willingly hardly visible.” “I was at Ephesus,” says Mr. Arunparted with them; and the sum raised by this means del, in January 1824; the desolation was then comserved to enable them to proceed with the work. plete: a Turk, whose shed we occupied, his Arab Other contributions were forwarded from "all Asia," servant, and a single Greek, composed the entire popu. to an immense amount, so that the new temple was lation; some Turcomans excepted, whose black tents said to have been built at the cominon charge of all the were pitched among the ruins. The Greek revolution, Grecian States. Cheiromocrates, who superintended and the predatory excursions of the Samniotes, in great the building of Alexandria, and offered to form Mount measure accounted for this total desertion. There is Athos into a statue of Alexander, was the architect of still, however, a village near, probably the same which this edifice for the goddess.
Chishull and Van Egmont mentioned, having four Pliny says, that to secure the foundations of the hundred Greek houses” couduits or sewers, which were to sustain a building of We beg our readers to refer to the verses which we such a prodigious weight, they laid beds of charcoal, well have quoted from the letter dictated by the Son of God rammed, and upon them others of wood. He says also, to John, and sent by him to the Ephesian church, and that it was four hundred years in the erection by all make their own reflections upon the ruin of this once Asia : others say only two hundred and twenty. celebrated city, and the extinction of the knowledge of It was four hundred and twenty-five feet in length, Christ, which are illustrated by its present condition. two hundred feet in breadth, and supported by one hundred and twenty-seven Parian marble pillars, seventy feel high, twenty-seven of which were most curiously
ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY. carved," and the rest polished.. These pillars were the works, it is said, of so many kings, and the bas-reliefs of one were done by Scopas, the most famous sculptor 32. ORIGEN. This distinguished confessor of Christ of antiquity; the altar was almost wholly the work of was a native of Alexandria. Leonidas, his father, was Praxiteles.
a monk of rank and learning : but he was more, he was This temple of Diana was esteemed so sacred, that it a Christian, and a martyr for the doctrine of his Rewas an asylum for the guilty: at first this privilege ex- deemer. Origen was born A. D. 185. Leonidas educated tended a furlong, it was afterwards enlarged by Mithri. his son with pious solicitude, instructing him in the dates to a bow-shot, and doubled by Mark Antony, so various branches of human learning : but especially, that it took in part of the city : but Tiberius, the and from a child, he directed his constant studies in
oman emperor, to put a stop to the many abuses and the Holy Scriptures. These advantages were improved disorders that attend such privileges, revoked them all, with diligence, and his progress in the several departand declared, that no man guilty of any wicked or dis- ments of knowledge, was surprising even to his friends; honest action should escape justice, although he might and his inquisitiveness as to the meaning of passages of flee even to the altar of the divinity.
Scripture, delighted those who were pious. Origen “The image which fell down from Jupiter," was a finished his academical studies under Clemens, at that small statue of ebony, carved by one Canitia, though be. time the catechist, or professor of Christiau theology, lieved by the superstitious to have been sent down from at Alexandria. He also attended the lectures of Amheaven by their god. The extent of the priestcraft monius, a great philosopher, but of sceptical notions as which was practised at Ephesus, may be partly esti- to religion; and from him Origeu became familiarly mated by the contents of the nineteenth chapter of the acquainted with the opinions of Plato, Pythagoras, and Acts of the Apostles; but language would fail to de- the Stoics. scribe the scenes of iniquity and impurity which were Persecution arising at Alexandria, in its dreadful exhibited in that most magnificent monument of idola- rage he lost his excellent father, when he was only trous grandeur. This splendid building is supposed to seventeen years of age. Multitudes fell a sacrifice to have been destroyed in the reign of Constantine the pagan malignity; and Origen himself thirsted for the Great, pursuant to the edict of that emperor, com- honour of a martyr for Christ. His discreet mother, manding all the temples of the heathens to be de- to prevent the fatal effects of his imprudent zeal, was inolished. Of this wonderful structure, there is no- obliged sometimes to secrete his clothes, that shame thing at present remaining but some ruins, and a few might influence him to remain at home. Permission not broken pillars, forty feet long and seven in diameter. being granted to him to visit his father in prison
Christianity Aourished at Ephesus for many years ; before his execution, he sent him a letter worthy of his and the inspired Epistle of Paul remains an invaluable character. * Father,” says he, "faint not, and be not treasure of divine truth for our edification. At the discouraged on our account ;” and at the same time close of the first century, religion had somewhat de- encouraging his confidence in the grace and glory of clined, as intimated by the apostle John, in his letter his Saviour. to the church at Ephesus, Rev. ii, 4, 5: “Neverthe- Leonidas, being beheaded as a criminal, could not less I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast bequeath his property to his family : his estate was left thy first love. Remember therefore from whence confiscated. But Origen found a friend in an affluent thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or lady of Alexandria; and being enabled to establish a else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy school, by his great abilities, though but a youth, he caudlestick out of his place, except thou repent.”. was enabled to exhibit a noble example of filial piety, Their “candlestick is reinoved out of its place, and by providing for his widowed mother and her other the great city of Ephesus is no more. The remains of children. its magnificent theatre, Acts xix, 31, which would con. Clemens being driven from his station at Alexandria, tain twenty thousand persons conveniently seated, con- by the violence of persecution, Origen, when only eighsist only of some heaps of stone and rubbish.
teen years of age, was thought the best qualified person heard,” says Dr. Chandler, " the partridge call in the to become his suecessor, az master of the catechetical arena of the theatre and the stadium. The glorious school, A. D. 203. Thousands attended his lectures, so pomp of its heathen worship is no longer remembered ; great was his celebrity, and many, by his instructions, and Christianity, which was here nursed by, apostles, were converted to Christianity; some of whom sealed
its doctrines with their blood. Origen, in many in- synod in Egypt, in which he procured his condemna. stances, accompanied the martyrs to the place of ex- tion, and a decrec that he should be banished from ecution; and it has been regarded as extraordinary, Alexandria. that Divine Providence should have preserved him Origen, thus an exile, devoted himself still to his amidst such frequent and threatening dangers.
beloved work of diffusing scriptural knowledge, and Zephyrinus, bishop of Rome, and those under his laboured to perfect an edition of the Old Testament pastoral care, being celebrated for their piety, Origen from the several translations. He now composed his made a short visit to the Christians of the imperial “ Hexapla,” in six versions. This contained the Hecity, about A. D. 212, and returned to his scholastic brew text in one column, in Hebrew letters, and the duties, taking Heraclas for an assistant, directing his same in Greek letters in another_column, together own attention chiefly to the more advanced pupils. with the four columns of his “ * Tetraplu.” To this With this relief, Origen applied himself more diligently great work he afterwards made an addition of two to the study of the Holy Scriptures, and learned the other versions, one which he found at Jericho, and Hebrew language under Huillus, the Jewish patriarch another found by one of his pupils at Nicopolis : this of Alexandria. Convinced that every branch of learn. was called “ Octapla." ing was advantageous to the Christian, as the means of Such were some of the labours of this extraordinary better uuderstanding the Scriptures, he urged upon all man and from this account, our less learned readers his pupils the value of philosophical and mathematical will perceive an example of the care and talents which studies. Heretics and heathens, therefore, flocked to have been employed in preserving and circulating the attend his lectures, by which many were converted to Holy Scriptures. St. Jerome, of the next century, by the faith of Christ. Ambrosius, a nobleman, who had whom the Latin version of the Bible was made, which been led away by the errors of Marcion and Valentinus, is the standard of the Roinan Catholic church, and who became reclaimed by this means, and ever after was was esteemed the greatest biblical scholar of that age, one of his most powerful friends at Alexandria.
was used to say of Origen, that he “could be well con. Origen acquired immortal honour by completing, tent to endure all the load of envy that was heaped A. D. 214, his celebrated work called “Tetrapla : upon him, provided he possessed the saine acquaintance This was the Old Testament in four Greek translatious. with the Divine oracles." By this work, which was arranged in four columns, the Origen was almost worn out with labours and cares, reader might see how far there was an agreement be- when the emperor Decius assumed the purple. Persetween the Septuagint, and the versions of Aquila, Sym- cution raged under this tyrant, and Origen suffered machus, and the new one of Theodotion." His fame dreadfully. Eusebius refers to his letters for a relation was extensively spread; and the governor of Arabia of his troubles ; and says, “The devil with all his sent to Demetrius, bishop of the Christians at Alexan- forces enviously setting himself against this man, and dria, and to the prefect of Egypt, desiring that Origen fighting against him with all his subtilty and power, might speedily be sent to instruct him in the doctrine assailing him particularly above all those who were of Christ. Origen went; and having performed the set upon at that time. Many and great things he also welcome duty, returned to his studies. But the bar- suffered for the doctrine of Christ, as bonds, bodily barous Caracalla, coming to Alexandria with an army, torments, the punishment of the iron-chain in the into revenge himself for some sarcastic expression against most recesses of the prison. He was put upon the him for the murder of his brother, Origen escaped his rack, his feet for several days being stretched 80 wide murderous sword, and withdrew to Cæsarca, in Pales- as to the distance of four holes. He valiantly sustained tine. Here he opened an academy; but presuming, at the the menaces of fire, and all other tortures inflicted by request of the bishops of those parts, to expound the his enemies: the judge with his utmost power earnestly Scriptures, and to preach in the church, he not having endeavouring that he might not soon be slain. Yet his been ordained by the bishop of Alexandria, that pre- expressions left behind are comfortable to the help. late, Demetrius, was incensed against him, and ordered less." him to return to Alexandria. The bishops of Palestine Decius dying, Origen was released ; and he spent the apologized to Demetrius, assuring him that Origen had remainder of his life in doing good to the sick, the done only that which was customary: but the haughty poor, and suffering. He is truly said to have had “a prelate was not satisfied.
mighty regard to the glory of God, and the good of Origen then went to Antioch, at the request of souls, whose happiness he studied by all ways to proManca, mother of the emperor Alexander, and a inote, and thought nothing hard, nothing servile, that friend to the Christians. She found in his excellent he might advance them." He was supported by an spirit and piety the reason of the veneration cherished allowance of five pence a day, from the purchaser of for Origen: he soon returned to Egypt.
his library; and died A. D. 253, at Tyre, Commentaries on different parts of the Holy Scrip- of his own, and the wonder of succeeding ages." tures now occupied much of the time of Origen, being Except a few fragmeuts, all the astonishing works of prompted and encouraged by his generous friend Am- Origen have perished, by the ravages of martial barbrosius ; who not only allowed him a maintenance, barians but provided him several amanuenses. Demetrius seut Origen, A, D. 228, into Greece, for the purpose of sup
COVETOUSNESS, pressing some heresies, by which the churches were disturbed. Making the circuit of Palestine in his The lion doth refresh himself with the prey that he journey, having letters of recommendation from his taketh ; but the covetous man layeth by his money as a bishop, and being forty-three years of age, the bishops sick man sits by his meat, and hath no power to taste of Jerusalem and Cæsarea ordained him presbyter. it. Thus the covetous man maketh a fool of himself. Demetrius was extremely offended with this procedure, He coveteth to covet: he gathereth to gather: he as a reflection upon his own authority; and envying laboureth to labour: he careth to care : as though his the splendour of Origen's reputation, charged him office were to fill a coffer full of gold, and then to die; with a matter which had occurred in early life, as 'a like an ass which carrieth treasures on his back all day, grievous crime, on account of which he had before and at night they are taken from him, which did no coinmended him as one of the greatest examples of good but to load him. How happy were some, if they exalted virtue. (Matt. xix, 12). He even assembled a kuew not gold froin lead !--Smith.
" the envy