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and whose labours have blessed the world : in reviewing the past, therefore, every Christian must pray the great Head of the Church, that by his good Spirit the bright example of such devoted disciples as Hill, and Wilberforce, and More, and Winter, and Hughes, may animate their survivors to follow in the same path, with an increased measure of zeal, expecting from God the honour of double usefulness.

Liberty has been gloriously extended during the past year; and by the truly politic and philanthropic measure of the Abolition of Colonial Slavery, a foul stigma has been wiped from the national character of Britain. In accomplishing this noble work, the cause has been aided by the pages of the CHRISTIAN's Penny Magazine: and its Conductors hail the early extinction of Slavery in America as a natural consequence, leading to the establishment of universal freedom, preparatory to the blessedness of a Christian Millennium !

Education advancing with still accelerating progress, the appetite for intellectual food has increased in the same proportion. The extraordinary thirst for knowledge which is prevailing, must be promptly met, and provision must be made for its sufficient supply. This is demanded of the elders of the church, alike by duty, interest, and religion; requiring that the spirit of investigation, especially in the youthful mind, should be directed in a safe course, and guided in that channel which leads to goodness, to greatness, and to God. Infidelity is rampant in our crowded cities, fostering the corrupt propensities of human nature : and unless its deadly progress be arrested by the omnipotent energy of divine truth, and its baneful principles neutralized by the diffusion of Christian doctrine — that renovating instrument of the Eternal Spirit- irreligion and immorality, disloyalty and anarchy, will assuredly prevail, prostrating the far-famed national glory of Great Britain !

In anticipating the new year, arrangements have been made for the Christian's Penny MAGAZIN E to maintain uncompromising hostility against every anti-social principle, and to prosecute its high objects in a still more engaging and efficient manner. Every reader will therefore render a service to the cause of religion and his country, by employing his influence in extending its circulation. Besides several series of original Essays on the most important branches of intellectual and religious improvement - Scripture Illustrations and Antiquities, Notices of the most useful new Publications, and the advancement of Christian Knowledge --- it is intended to give particular attention to the State and Progress of Religion throughout all the nations of the world, the Revival and Progress of Religion in Britain, the importance of Bible Classes, Young Men's Societies, Sunday School Teachers' Associations, and every branch of instruction calculated to render the Christian's Penny MAGAZINE à register of “whatsoever things are venerable, just, pure, lovely, and of good report,” and still more interesting to its increasing readers, - a suitable, worthy, and welcome Companion to every Christian Family in the British Empire !

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GREAT BRITAIN RECOMMENDING THE BIBLE TO ALL THE NATIONS OF THE WORLD.

DISSEMINATION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. Great Britain, as every intelligent observer perceives, has arrived at a most momentous crisis of her history. The year upon which we have entered, portends events of the most extraordinary character. A REVOLUTION, different from everything in former times, is evidently taking place. Thanks to Divine Providence, “whose kingdom ruleth over all,” it is not like any of those recorded in the annals of our country: it is being accomplished without the unsheathing of the murderous sword, and without the bloodshed and iniseries of a civil war. It is a revolution effected by means of increasing knowledge.

Enlightened public opinion is prevailing, and carrying forward our national affairs in a progress which no coalition of human power can possibly arrest. We exceedingly rejoice in the prospect : because, by the revealed decree of Heaven, it is declared, “knowledge shall be increased” to regenerate and sanctify a depraved world.

We are painfully aware, that much of the knowledge which is now influencing the public mind, is 100

sanctified by the fear of Go:l. We cannot but regret to perceive,' that many of the “master-minds” in our extraordinary times, make no pretensions to piety, and decline the direct advocacy or patronage of revealed religion and pure Christianity. But we also know, and we exult in the inspiring fact, that no learned society exists in our land, nor has any individual arisen, respectable for learning and purity of moral principle, having the temerity to impeach the integrity, or to question the divinity of the Bible.

Scepticisin itself also must admit, that notwithstanding the licentiousness of many of our fellow countrymen, and the virulent attacks that are made npon every religious institution, Christian truth has sanctified much of the general mass of the knowledge which is diffused through the nation, and amid all the speculations of the age, no man of liberal education and sound inorals, has possessed hardihood sufficient to lead hiin seriously to aitack the Holy SCRIPTURES.

Believers in Divine Revelation should not oinit to regard this most reinarkable of all the “sigus of the timics” in which we live. Every one, even those who are looked upou as praetical infidels, have been con

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VOL. II.

strained to bow to public opinion in favour of the The progress and success of the British and Fo. Bible; and to do homage to the sacred volume, as the

reign Bible Society during a period of twenty-seren inspired word of God.

years; the simultaneous anxiety to possess the Sacred Gret Britain, as represented in our engraving, Records, among nations remotely distant from each influenced, in a great degree, by the Holy Spirit, other; and the remarkable and unexpected openings ander whose gracious inspiration that blessed word of

which have appeared, from time to time, for translating everlasting life was written, by ineans of its various the Scriptures into languages and dialects hitherto religious Institutions is recommending the Bible to all unknown even to the inost learned, are facts so plainly the nations of the world. We are not insensible of the beyond the bounds of human foresight and experience, commanding majesty of Great Britain, by means of

that it would be presuinption to ascribe these proher naval and military power, suppurted by her amaz. pitious circumstances, and the blessings which have ing resources of wealth. Divine Providence has ex- followed the circulation of the Scriptures, to any other alted and magnified our nation in these respects : but than to the overruling wisdom and love of Him 'who still more, and in a far higher degree, hy granting her ordereth all things in heaven and in earth,' and who the ability, and by giving her the disposition, to recom- is 'wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.' mend the Bible to all nations; translated into their “After presenting this Sketch of the Institution, various languages by the devoted and persevering any thing like a formal appeal, on its behalf, to the labours of her pious missionaries, and offered to them liberality of the Public, would be superfluous. When gratuitously, as the divinely-appointed means of their it is considered that the Society is engaged in promoteternal salvation.

ing the translation, printing, or distribution of the Although we cannot particularize every step towards Scriptures, or portions of them, in more than One the elevation of Great Britain to this privileged con- Hundred and Fifty different languages and dialects ; dition, to be prepared to recommend the blessed word

that it stands pledged to aid numerous Bible Societies of everlasting life to all the nations of the earth, we already formed and still forming in different parts of canuotomit to notice the translation of the Holy the world; and that, after issuing more than Seren Scriptures into the Chinese language, used, it is be- Millions of copies of the Scriptures, and expending lieved, hy nearly one-third of the human family. The

upwards of One Million Seven Hundred Thousand ancient, populous, and ingenious, but degraded and Pounds sterling, the demands upon its services appear idolatrous nation of China, engaged in preparing for rather to bave increased than diminished ;-when these us an article of our food which we use every day, has circumstances, together with the simplicity of its prin. peculiar claims upon Christians, for sympathy, prayer, ciple, the catholicism of its spirit, and the extent of and religious exertion to make them acquainted with its proceedings, are deliberately considered, no addithe Gospel of Christ. Two independent translations tional motive can be wanted to stiinulate the inhabit. of the Bible into the Chinese language have been com- auts of the British Empire to promote, hy all means pleted; doubtless under the merciful direction of a in their power, the interests of an Institution, which gracious Providence. And though Christian Mission- promises, if liberally and extensively supported, to aries are at present excluded from the empires of become a blessing to ihe whole earth.China and Japan, at least in their character of evangelical preachers, the Holy Scriptures are prepared for the reception of that numerous people; they are

IMMORALITY OF CHRISTIANS INJURIOUS beginning to manifest dissatisfaction with their de

TO THE HEATHEN. basing idolatriez; and a spirit of inquiry after truth Our missionaries are singularly impeded in their beneis arising in those regions. Dr. Carey of the Baptist, volent efforts to convert the heathen to Christianity; and Dr. Morison of the London, Missionary Society, Most of their difficulty arises from the immorality of must be reckoned among the most honoured of inan

those who profess the religion of Christ. The follow. kind, in having so greatly contributed by their astonish

ing is lamentably applicable even to our times. Baring labours to enlighten and bless that immense portion tholomew de Las Casas, after giving Charles V a of the children of men.

picture of the cruelties committed in the New World “The British and Foreign Bible Society,” as the by the Spaniards—"This,” says he, “is the reason why special ineans of recommending the Holy Scriptures the Indians are so ready to make their mock at the God to all nations, must not be forgotten in this place.

we worship, and persist so obstinately in their incredu. But as, in the third Number of the Christian's Penny

lity. They are persuaded that the God of the Christians Magazine, we gave an account of that most noble

is the most evil of all gods, because the Christians, Institution, our observations here must be few. In

who worship him, are the most wicked and corrupt of the “ Brief View of the Plan and Operations” of that all mankind !" Society, published in 1831, ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY. THREE translations of the Holy Scriptures are specified, If we entered the world with the same feelings with a recapitulation of which is as follows:

which we enter for the first time into a theatre, and if Reprints ......

the curtain of the universe were to be rapidly drawn up; Re-translations....

5 struck with the grandeur of every thing we saw, we Languages and Dialects, in which the Scriptures had should not be capable of refusing our homage to the

never been printed before the Institution of the Eternal Power which had prepared for us such a spec. Bible Society ....

72 tacle. But who thinks of marvelling at what he has New Translations commenced or completed ....... 32 seen for fifty years? What multitudes are there, who,

153

wholly occupied with the care of obtaining subsistence,

have no tiare for speculation! The rise of the sun is “ The Brief View! adds-- "Thus it hath pleased only that which calls them to toil, and the finest night Almighty God to unite the hearts of inany, as the in all its softness is mute to them, or tells them only heart of one man,' in the sacred and delightful work that it is the hour of repose. of publishing to every nation under heaven,' those

CHRISTIAN EMPLOYMENTS.- We have employments Scriptures which His divine providence has wonderfully

assigned to us for every circumstance in life. 'When we preserved till now uncorrupted, amidst the convulsions

are alone, we have our thoughts to watch; in the family, and infidelity of a sinful world.

our tempers; in company, our tongues.- Mrs. H. More.

44

THE FIRST DAY OF THE FIRST MONTH.

Dispensations. “On the first day of the first month

shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the “Future events are known to God alone.” To what congregation. Thus did Moses : according to all that a series of events, novel, calamitous, or bencficial, the LORD coinmanded him, so did he.” Exod. xi, 2–6. affecting Great Britain, its families, or individuals, the This was the establishment of that dispensation of First Day of the First Month may introduce, the most grace and mercy, which, though only a shadow of good intelligent and penetrating observer cannot foresee, things lo come, designed to be superseded by the Gospel and dares not presuine to foretel. “ Known unto God economy, exhibited to the thousands of Israel, in the are all his works, from the beginning of the world,” daily sacrifice, “the Lamb of God slain from the foun. Acts xv, 18: it is our business, therefore, with cheerful dation of the world.” Extensive and pernicious was confidence, to pursue our daily duties, assured that our the defection, which, froin time to time, appeared Alınighty Father “worketh all things after the counsel among the Israelitish nation; yet, we have every of his own will,” Eph. i, 10; and that“ all things work reason to believe, that tens of thousands were, from together for good to them that love God, to them who generation to generation, brought to a sense of their are the called according to his purpose.” Rom. viii, 28. guilt and to true repentance, looking through the

What will be the events of this year? is an inquiry burnt-offerings and oblations, the incense and priestproposed by many, and revolving in the minds of inore. hood, to behold the “ Lamb of God, which taketh away Every reflecting person seems anticipating changes the sins of the world.” and isoprovements : while not a few are agitated with 3. In connection with Hezekiah's reformation of fears and gloomy forebodings. Not only the sagacious religion. “Now they began on the first day of the first politician, the speculating merchant, and the Christian month tu sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month philanthropist; but the humble inechanic and the agri- came they to the porch of the Lord : so they sanctified cultural labourer are considering "the signs of the the house of the LORD in eight days; and in the times,” and looking for occurrences new, unheard-of, sixteenth day of the first month they made an end, and and surprising

they went in to Hezekiah the king,' &c. 2 Chron. xxix, With" the march of intellect,” there is an advance 17, 18, &c. of Providence. The Kingdom of God is approaching; Without considering the awful declension and defec. and He appears, by passing events, to be preparing to

tion of the nation froin Divine institutions, during illustrate speeclily his own must gracious predictions several preceding reigns, in the last of which the temple recorded in Holy Scripture. Narrow-minded preju- of God had been shut up by the impious Ahaz-and the dice and unprincipled oppression shall be over- extent of the reformation which was effected by Heze. thrown by the increase of divine light and truth. Our kiah, in restoring the appointed services of religion, favoured country shall still more fully be blest. Our

and in circulating the Holy Scriptures (see Prov. xxv, God declares, “I will also make thy officers peace, and

1)-the wondrous and beneficial consequences of this thy exactors righteousness. Violence shall no more be first day of the first month cannot be fully appreciated. heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy The inspired writer describes this refórınation and borders : but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and

some of its blessed effects, 2 Chron. xxix, xxx, xxxi, thy gates Praise." Isai. Ix, 17, 18. The LORD hasten xxxii, which appears to be one of the most instructive it in his good time!

parts of sacred history; and we have reason to conThe First Day of the First Monthis mentioned clude, that this good work was accompanied by the three several times in the Holy Scriptures ; and the conversion, the sanctification, and the salvation of events to which they immediately led were of the inost multitudes. “And in every work,” &c. 2 Chr. xxxi, 21.. instructive character: .on each of them we will make Nothing precisely similar to either of these remarkaa few observations.

ble events can possibly take place on the first day of the 1. In connection with Noah's preservation from the first month of 1833, in Great Britain : but who is preDeluge. And it caine to pass, in the six hundredth pared to say that this will not introduce a new era, and first year, in the first month, the first day of the unspeakably interesting to our country, and beneficial month, the waters were dried up from the earth : and to the whole world? Something unusual “ the signs of Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked,

the times” seem to warrant us to expect, and loudly and behold the face of the ground was dry." Gen. viii, call upon every Christian to be earnest in calling upon 1-3.

God for the communication of the blessings of the Noah, the venerable patriarch, beheld, on this first everlasting covenant. Every pious patriot will feel it day of the first month, the superfícies of an uninhabited his happiness to pray-“God be merciful unto us, and world, purged from the pollutions of the degenerate bless us,” &c. Psal. Ixvii, 1, 2. and the corrupt millions of his fellow-creatures.

"Shine mighty God, on Britain shine, Whether in all its primitive beauty aud loveliness, and

With beams of heavenly grace; its natural richness, it appeared to delight the holy

Reveal thy power through all our coasts, man, we cannot teil.

And show thy smiling face.” Whether the widely scattered fragments of ancient buildings, and the wretched remains of their infidel inhabitants, were visible, we do

THE CROWN OF THORNS. not know. But an immensely extended surface,

“ The mockery of reed, and robe, and crown, uoiseless, unoccupied, and void, presented itself to his

Of plaited thorns, upon his temples press'd." astonished view-inducing him to reflect on the dread- There still exists a plant in Palestine, known among ful indignation of God, and to anticipate scenes and botanists by the name of the “ thorn of Christ," events of which he could previously form no conception. supposed to be the shrub which afforded the crown The earth must again be peopled : generations, through worn by our Saviour at his crucifixiou. It has inany successive ages, must spring from bim: but what small sharp prickles well adapted to give pain, and as would be their character, habits, principles, and final the leaves greatly resemble those of ivy, it is not im. destiny, that new beginning of time could not make probable that the enemies vf Messiah chose it, from its manifest, nor could his privileged intercourse with God similarity to the plant with which emperors and lead hiin clearly to determine, without the special generals were accustomed to be crowned ; and thence revelation and inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

that there might be calumny, insult, and derision, medi2. In relation to the commencement of the Levitical tated in the very act of punishinent.-- Russel's Pulestine:

66

MORIL STATISTICS OF CLERKENWELL.

of Huntingdon's connection. Nearly all the churches

and chapels in the parish have Sunday schools atMr. Editor,

tached to them; and we may estimate the number of Your interesting papers on the Statistics of children receiving religious instruction in this manner different parts of the kingdom have been the origin of at about 1,500. the following desultory notices of that part of the Observance of the Sabbuth. - Religion may be exnietropolis in which I live. They will, I think, be

pected to fiourish or decline, in proportion to the regard found to contain some remarks of interest to your

or neglect of the Lord's day. T'hough efforts have Realers in general, and would prove very acceptable to been occasionally made by the parish officers to proyour numerous friends in the parish to which they relate.

mnte a stricter observance of the Sabbath, much Clerkenwell consists of the uniteid parishes of

reinains to be accomplished under this head. We still St. Jaines's and St. John's, the former of which, since

see inany shops opened on the Lord's day morning ; the building of the new church in it under the present

and though the alehouses and liquor shops are kept comp!ission, is divided into the districts of St. James's

closed during the time of Divine service, there is unand St. Mark's, to which will be added the Battle-bridge

doubtedly a considerable number of the worthless district, when the church now building there is coin

sheltered in them all the day: news-venders also displeted. The population of the whole parish, by the

play their attractive placards; and of late tobaccolast census, is 47,634 souls--a number sufficient to

shops are opening in every neig libourhcod, and set all form one of our first rate county towns, as Oxford,

regard to the Sabbath at defiance, as far as they dare. Excter, Leicester, or Nottingham.

But the must open violation of the day of rest is by Means of Religious Instruction --The following is the omnibuses and stage coaches, and every other dethe existing provision for the religious instruction of scription of carriages, in the New Road, which are ratthis vast multitude.

tling up and down from morning till night, to the great The Establishment has the churches of St. James, annoyance and danger of those who are going to or from

St. John, and St. Mark, with St. James's Divine worship, and to the scandal of any place profess-
Chapel of Ease, Pentonville

4 ing a regard to the fourth commandment. Independent.- Claremont Chapel, and Raw- Prisons. — In this parish are two of the county storne Street Chapel

2

prisons, the “House of Correction,” and the New Calvinistic Methodist.-Spa Fields Chapel. 1

Prison, Clerkenwell;" in the foriner of which are Baptist Chapel in Goswell Road

1

sometimes crowded no less than cne thousand prisoners, Wesleyan Chapel in Wilderness Row

}

cither under sentence or for trial; and between the Scots Church in Chadwell Street ....

1

two, an average of upwards of that number of offenders Friends' Meeting House in St. John Street......

against the laws of their country are at all times to be found. The want of classification in these receptacles

of the vicious, and especially the little attention paid To these will shortly be added the new church at to their religious instruction, sufficiently accounts for Battle-bridge, and an Independent chapel in St. John the lamentable fact, that the general effect of impriStreet.

sonment is, not the reformation of the offender, but the Five of these places of worship are large, and fully confirmation of his character in villany, and the deattended : the others are much smaller : and estimat- struction of all hope of future amendinent. What a ing thein as accommodating about 1,500 each, which degrading picture of human nature is presented by a perhaps is high, they will give rooin for something prison! How are we to account for the great bulk of inore than a third of the population.

offenders against the laws ? It is not true that they An evangelical ministry has been established in the are driven to their criipes by poverty; a man of sound parish church for the last thirty years. The inhabitants principles, however poor, will still be honest :-nor hare the privilege of electing their own minister: and even by ignorance; for no one is so ignorant as not the writer well remembers the violent struggle

to know the difference between mine and thine. The which took place at the period alluded to, which ended only true solution of the fact is given in the indictment in the election of that venerable servant of God, the upon which they are tried - that they “had not the Rev. Henry Foster, though strenuous efforts were fear of God before their eyes, and were moved by the made for a length of time afterwards to remove him.

instigation of the devil." Upon his deatli, the contest was again renewed; but Ivi this parish also the quarter sessions for the county the present vicar, the Rev. T. Sheppard, was elected are held, on Clerkenwell Green. The building has an notwithstanding the utmost efforts of the adverse party; eminently beautiful front, and calls up in the miud a and it is not likely that the scenes of commotion which feeling of regret, that so handsome a structure should disgraced the parish at the time referred to, will be be devoted to the investigation of crime, and the again repeated. The new church of St. Mark is punishment of the lawless and profligate. favoured with the ministry of the Rev. T. Mortimer, The Theatre.-A survey of the moral condition of any and is regularly crowded with a very large and attentive place possessing a theatre, must be very imperfect congregation.

without a notice of its influence upon the inhabitants. Claremont Chapel bas a very large congregation, Sadler's Wells in this parish is, I believe, the oldest under the pastoral care of the Rev. J. Blackburn, the theatre in or near London, and is conducted so rczealous secretary of the Christian Instruction Society. spectably as to merit being considered one of the best This institution, to which every Christian must wish of those establishments. It is not iny design to tresgreat success, without ostentation, is efficiently labour

pass upon your columns with a dissertation on the ing, especially in this parish, in the cause of the Gospel. stage; but I must mention one fact in illustration of The lectures of this Society to Mechanics are calculated the influence of the theatre - a fact easily verifiable by to be of the very highest service to the class for which

any one who perambulates London with his eyes open. they are principally intended, and by the great ability It is, that wherever a theatre is established, in its in) displayed in thein they are worthy the attention of all. mediate neighbourhood is to be found a colony of

The Calvinistic Methodist Chapel is that known by those wretched beings, who, while they call loudly for the name of Spa Fields Chapel, and is in the Countess our compassion, cannot but excite our abhorrence and

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