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of a few breakages will be your least, and possibly your The fourth great dissimilarity, is the beautiful and last on that score. In giving you remedies for this delicate skin of the human body. Hasty men have in. mania, I am describing a very possible case, and one of reighed against Providence, for seuding us into the frequent occurrence. On no account gratify this pro- world so destitute of natural clothing, so exposed to all pensity, but seek to divert it. Do this as you would be injuries of temperature and wet. Would any such queunwilling that your son should present that pitiable ob- rulous declaimers exchange their admirable skin for the ject - a lad who knows a little and can do a little in hide of a beast, the scales of a crocodile, or the feathers all the -ologies, and knows nothing of them worth of a turkey? But independent of all beauty, the conknowing ; who has learned to talk and to be conceited; nection between our mind and our delicate skin is unwho, while his attention has been directed to a variety ceasing : a fine nervous expansion, proceeding from the of subjects, is really master of none; and in thut par- brain, is purposely spread over the outside of our ticular branch from which his future maintenance is to be bodies, immediately under the last cuticle. That our derived, is even inferior to many of his schoolfellows or intellect may have the benefit of this sensitiveness, it is companions. Yet the deluded parent all the while thinks materially associated with our feelings and sympathies. her son amazingly clever, because he has an apparatus, With the hide of a rhinoceros, or the wool of a sheep, &c. and knows a few barbarous words for some plants, we should not possess the feelings of a human heart, or mninerals, &c. I hope, however, in a future Letter to the intellectual sensibility of a cultivated mind. expose upon proper grounds and very much at large the But one of the most beautiful and inost benevolent preposterous delusion of aiming at what is called general ideas of the Divine mind was the conception and forma. knowledge, and to which, alas! the system of many an tion of the female sex. No other production has conunprincipled schoolinaster designedly contributes. The tributed so much to the improvement and happiness of exient to which I would allow your son to be acquainted human nature: it was the divinest of our great Author's with these topics, does not endanger this perilous and works on our earth. When He declared, as the reason preposterous deception.

of this particular creation, “ It is not good that man I am, dear Madam, yours, &c. should be alone,” He pronounced a truth which every

CLERICUS. age and clime and nation have verified. If man had

been alone upon earth, his populations had been little

else than fierce, savage, and battling brutes. In this THOUGHTS ON THE SACRED HISTORY OF

state the uncivilized tribes of the earth are found to be, THE CREATION.

where women are degraded or despised; that is, where

they are deprived of that influence which they were (Concluded from p. 180.)

created to diffuse and possess, and by its magic enThe hones, muscles, blood, arteries, &c. of the human chantment to humanize and meliorate. Respect and frame, are nearly similar to those of inost quadrupeds ; love to their wives and females, is the great civilizing yet if closely compared, the human body is found to principle which has contributed to the unceasing prohave some peculiarities, which, exclusive of the soul, gress of the nations who conquered Europe from the attach to man a decided and permanent superiority, Romans, and spread over it the present kingdoms, with which no order of animals can acquire. Of these it a superiority that has never retrograded. There is will be sufficient to particularize four differences. something in the active spirit of the manly portion of

The first is, the erect structure. All other animals our species, which loves enterprize, exertion, competiare so framed as not to possess this beauty and advan- tion, and personal display, and would too often lead us tage: they are made to be always prone; and though into civil discord and strife, if no softer companions the ape and baboon class have more power of support- were about us, to occupy some portion of our thoughts ing an erect posture, yet they cannot do it with the and attentions, and to create and cherish milder and facility, energy, and natural ability of man; nor do sweeter feelings. The female sex were indeed created they appear to derive any benefit from it over their to be such a blessing to ours, that they have in all ages fellow-brutes. But in the human race, this erect struc- operated to inake us hetter, wiser, and happier, in proture is the foundation of their dominion and superiority portion as their gentler nature has had the influence it over all the rest of the animal world.

was ipade to possess. The second peculiarity is the bony and muscular The Deity having formed his human being, and stastructure of the human legs and feet, which give us a tioned him in a pleasant region of the earth, began his solidity of support, and an agility and facility of move- intellectual education by causing the various classes of ment, that no other animal possesses in equal applica- the aniinal kingdom to approach hin, that he might bility and effective power. By bis legs and feet, man is observe their qualities, and from thence attach to theni fitted for every kind of motion, except that of flying ; the verbal sounds or names by which he would afterand though some quadrupeds excel him in temporary wards know them. Language thus began with the speed, none can vie with him in his power of continu- names of living things: the first words were the notaing it. A man cannot outrun a horse, but in a pro- tions of existing beings, the true foundation of all tracted journey will frequently walk him down.

human speech. The third and distinguishing superiority is the human We now approach the great mystery of our creation, arm, with its hand and fingers. This is indeed the the fall and sin of man the commencement of moral sceptre of his power: it has the potency of an en- evil and of personal suffering; the defection of nan chanter's rod; and has achieved those wonders of human from his Creator; the preference of self-indulgence to art, strength, and ingenuity, which the magicians of our self-restraint; the devotion of the spirit to its present imagination might toil in vain to surpass. All that we enjoyments, and a disregard of future cousequences. admire and dread and use, in mechanism and manufac- Whatever opinion we may form as to the original cause ture, in art, war, luxury, labour, and comfort, is the of these errors, the fact of their occurrence, prevalence, produce of the human hand. These three advantages and continuance, is indisputable: they appear in every give all the bodily efficiency which man's transcending page of human history, in the characters and conduct soul requires : without that informing spirit, little com- of all ages and nations, in our own individual hearts parative benefit would be attained from them; as that and lives. Such a being man has been ever since his without these would be also ineffective; bot both united, primeval day; yet in such a perversity as this he could man is the irresistible sovereign of the globe be inhabits. not have been created : to be such a mutilation of the

Divine likeness, is a counteraction to His purposes, and

her grandfather, had got such an ascendancy over hiin, the present triumph of that which is most hostile to that he could deny her nothing; and her spirit was so Him. The separation from a condition of unmingled violent, that she could bear no contradiction; so that she happiness into the common world, where trouble and was indulged in every thing she wanted. On one ocsorrow, as at this day, accompanied moral delinquency,'

casion, being contradicted, she ran a pen-knife into her these were the unhappy effects of the primitive depar.

arm, to the great danger of her life. In the present ture from reason and obedience; and the depravation

instance, this bad spirit was over-ruled for good. While became so unive that the Sovereign Lord thought it

she was sitting on Mr. Rogers's knee, eating the sweetfittest for the welfare of all succeeding ages, that the

meats, she looked earnestly at him, and said, “What corrupt population should be suddenly cut off. A deluge are you here for, Sir?” He answered, “I believe your was the appointed visitation to accomplish this : but grandfather is going to send me and my friends to jail." from this catastrophe one family was excepted, and in

“To jail !” said she, “Why, what have you done?" the ark of safety found shelter, with such of the animal Why I did nothing but preach at such a place, and world as were intended to replace the species that should they did nothing but hear me.” “But my grandpapa perish : and when these provisions for repeopling the

sha’nt send you to jail.” Aye, but, my dear, I believe earth were completed, the tremendous revolution oc. he is now inaking out our mittimus to send us all curred. The fountaius of the great deep were broken

there." Upon this she ran up to the room where up, and the foodgates of the heavens were opened.

Sir Richard was, and knocked with her head and heels We can but faintly conceive the appalling scene. Man

till she got in, and then said to him, “What are you kind were surprised, in the midst of their usual festivi. going to do with my good old gentleman in the hall ?” ties and employments, by the sudden alarm of portent

*That is nothing to you," said he, “go about your ous danger. The sun was seen no more! midnight

business.” “But I won't,” said she: “He tells me darkness usurped the day! lightnings dreadfully illumi

that you are going to send him and his friends to jail, nated ! thunder rolled with increasing fury! all that

and if you do, I'll drown myself in the poud as soon as was natural ceased, and in its stead, whirlwind and they are gone; I will indeed.” When he saw the child desolation! Earth rending !- cities falling !-- the roar

thus peremptory, it shook his resolution, and he was of tumultuous waters ! - shrieks and groans of human

induced to abandon his malicious design. Taking the despair !-- overwbelming ruin !-universal silence !

mittimus in his hand, he went down into the hall, and and the awful quiet of executed and subsiding retri

thus addressed these good men. “I had here made bution !

out your mittimus to send you all to jail, as you deserve; but at my grandchild's request, I drop the pro

secution, and set you all at liberty.” They all bowed, MY SCRAP BOOK.

and thanked his worship. But Mr. Rogers going to

the child, laid his hand upon her head, and lifting up LEAF VIII.

his eyes to heaven, with great solemnity said, "Gol “The Bee that wanders, and sips from every flower, disposes bless you, my dear child! May the blessing of that God what she has gathered into her cells."-SENECA.

whose cause you did now plead, though us yet you know REMARKABLE ANECDOTE OF THE REV. JOUN ROGERS.

Him not, be upon you in life, at death, and to all eternity!

He and his friends then went away. Sir Richard Cradock, a justice of peace, was a violent The above remarkable story was told by the Rev. Tipersecutor of the Dissenters, and exerted himself to mothy Rogers, the son of the cjected minister, who enforce all the severe laws then in being against them *. had frequently heard his father relate it with great He happened to live near Mr. Rogers, against whom pleasurc; and the celebrated Mr. Thomas Bradbury he bore a particular enmity, and wanted above all once heard it from him when he was dining at the things to have himn in his power. Hearing that he was house of Mrs. Tooly, an eminent Christian lady in one day to preach some miles off, he thought a fair oppor- London, who was distinguished for her religion, and tunity offered for accomplishing his base design, and her love to Christ and his people; and whose house accordingly hired two spies to go and take down the and table, like Lydia's, were always open to them. names of all the hearers whom they knew, that they What fullows, is yet more remarkable, as affording a might appear against both them and Mr. Rogers. striking proof of the answer which was returned to The plan succeeded to his wishes. They brought him good Mr. Rogers's prayers for this child, and the the names of several persons who were preseut at the blessing which descended upon her who had been the meeting, and he summoned them with Mr. Rogers to instrument of such a deliverance for these persecuted appear before him. Knowing the violence of the man, servants of God. they came with trembling hearts. While they were

(To be continued.) waiting in the great hall, a little girl about six or seven

Holy prayer is a shelter to the soul, a sacrifice to God, years of age, who was Sir Richard's grand-daughter,

and a scourge to the devil.— .4ugustine. happened to come into the hall. She looked at Mr. Rogers, and was much taken with his venerable

Luther is said to have spent three hours every day appearance. He being naturally fond of children, took in prayer. He used to say that prayer was the best her upon his knee and caressed her, which occasioned

book in his study.

Oh! it is more bitter than death to be spoiled of Sir Richard sent a servant to Mr. Rogers and the rest, prayer. Daniel chose rather to run the hazard of his to inform them, that as one of the witnesses was taken life, than lose his prayer. - Chrysostom. ill, and unable to attend, they must come again another day. They accordingly came at the time appointed,

Though Daniel's prayer did not keep him out of the and being convicted, the justice ordered the mittimus

lion's den, it preserved him in the lion's den. — Waite. to be writteu to send them to prison. Mr. Rogers ex

S. J. B*****. pecting to see the little girl again, brought some sweetmeats with him to give her. As soon as she saw him,

THE WAY TO WEALTH. she came running to him, and appeared fonder of him than before. This child being a particular favourite of

Wealth would be wealthier still, and aye to gold aspires:

Wealth, would'st thou wealthier be? - diminish ihy In the time of King Charles the Second.

desires.

THE INCREDULITY OF THOMAS.
There was a seal upon the stone,

A guard around the tomb :
The spurn'd and trembling band alone

Bewail'd their Master's doom.
They deem'd the barriers of the grave
Had clos'd o'er Him who came to save,

And thoughts of grief and gloom
Were darkening, while depress’d, dismay'd,
Silent they wept, or weeping prayed.
He died; – for Justice claim'd her due,

Ere guilt could be forgiven:
But soon the gates asunder flew,

The iron bars were riven ;
Broken the seal; the guards dispers'd,
Upon their sight in glory burst

The risen Lord of Heaven !
Yet one, the heaviest in despair,
In grief the wildest, was not there.
Returning, on each alter'd brow

With mute surprise he gaz'd;
For each was lit with transport now,

Each eye to heaven uprais'd.
Burst forth from all th’extatic word
“ Hail, brother, we have seen the Lord !”

Bewilder'd and amaz'd
He stood; then bitter words and brief
Betray'd the heart of unbelief.
Dayz past, and still the frequent groan

Convuls'd his lab'ring breast,
When round him light celestial shone,

And Jesus stood confess'd.
“Reach, doubler! reach thy hand,” he said,

Explore the wound the spear hath made,

The print by nails impress'd: No longer for the living grieve; And be not faithless, but believe.” Oh! if the iris of the skies

Transcends the painter's art,
How could he trace to buian eyes

The rainbow of the heart;
When joy, lore, fear, repentance, shame,
Hope, faith, in swift succession caine,

Each claiming there a part;
Each mingling in the tears that flow'd,
The words that breath'd—“My Lord! my God!”

BENEVOLENCE PECULIARLY CHRISTIAN. The legal ordinances of the Romans were founded on the principle of retaliatory justice. Vengeance there followed the commission of crime, and summary punishment was thought to be the most etficacious preventive of offence. Consistently with such a doctrine, the exercise of inercy formed no prerogative of their governors, but the strict letter of the law guided their decisions. In no case is the superiority of Christianity more manifest than in the inculcation of those sublime doctrines of benevolence and charity, which so strongly tend to mollify the human heart, and to check the progress of that depravity, which, being so much in unison with the perverted inclinations of man, would for ever hold the world in subservience.

Approximating so closely to the purity of heaven, the general adoption of such doctrines would unite the innumerable families of this lower world in celestial harmony and concord, the sabre would be turned into the pruning hook, and the plough be a substitute for the sword. Every territory, from the undiscovered pole to the torrid east, would become the abode of happiness unalloyed, and iniquity and misery no inore desolate the world with their frightful ravages.

A RESOLUTION WORTHY OF EVERY

CHRISTIAN. JONATHAN EDWARDS, an American divine of the last century, has left a reputation in the church of God, both as a theologian and a man of Christian virtue, which will engage the admiration of the wise and good down to the end of time. His elevated piety and high attainments resulted from the practical adoption of the following worthy resolution :

“That on the supposition there never was to be but one individual in the world at any one time, who was properly a complete Christian, in all respects of a right stamp, having Christianity always shining in its true lustre, and appearing excellent and lovely from whatever part and under whatever character viewed, he would strive to be that one who should live in his time.”

LITERARY NOTICES. The Scripture Teacher's Assistant: Fifty-two Subjects from the Gospel History of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, with Examples of Teaching, Explanations, and Lessons. 'The whole arranged as a Yearly Course of Religious Instruction for Sunday Schools, Bible Classes, and Families. By Henry Althans.

British Ecclesiastical History, particularly adapled for Sunday School Teachers, Families, and Young Persons. By Thomas Titnpson, author of " A Companion to the Bible,"

" Church History through all Ages," &c. &c.

RELIGION PROMOTED BY RAILWAYS. “The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.” To accomplish this glorious prediction, without miracles, all the improvements of the arts and sciences will be required. Steam Presses and Rail Roads are wonderful facilities in America, and they are among the means to subserve the cause of the Redeemer, we trust, all over the world. We cannot but rejoice in the passing of the bill for the Birmingham Railway. The iraffic between Birmingham and London will be understood by the following estimate for one year, by the present road and canal conveyance. Passengers, 233,155 ; goods, 62,389 tons; parcels, 46,799 ; beasts, 50,839; sheep, 365,000; pigs, 15,634. The expense by the existing means of transit is about 1,338,2171. ; while by the railway it will not exceed 800,7281. ; thus exhibiting an annnal saving to the country of 537,4891. independently of the advantages to be expected from the unrivalled celerity of this mode of conveyance.

ANNIVERSARY OF THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY

SOCIETY. WEDNESDAY, June 19.— Sermons : Morning, Poultry Chapel, at Eleven, Rev. J. A. James, of Birmingham; Evening, Surrey Chapel, at Hall-past Six, Rev. J. Smith, of Ilford.

THURSDAY. -- Annual Meeting, Spa Fields Chapel, Morning, at Elever.

London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,

Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid) should be addressed; -and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the

United Kingdom. Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by STEIJ.,

Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAISLER, 124, Oxford Street'; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.

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INCARNATIONS OF THE HINDOO DEITY

VISHNOO. SOLOMON, by divine inspiration, declareil, “Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions." Eccles. vii, 29.

Probably nothing affords a more affecting proof of the apostasy of man from God, than the various absurdities of paganism in their "inventions” relating to religion. And, at the same time, scarcely any thing furnishes a more interesting confirmation of the truth and divinity of Christianity, than is found in their traditions. The great fundamental doctrine of Christianity is, that the Son of God, the Second Person of the adorable Trinity, descended from heaven, and became incarnate, as the universal prophet and priest of mankind, the Mediator between God and man, and the spiritual king of his holy church.

This glorious doetrine of salvation, which is the substance of Divine revelation, is evident in many of the absurd traditions of the heathen in all the ancient nations.

Hindooisin teaches that the Deity has made ten descents on earth, which they call “Avatárs," a San

Vol. II.

scrit word, signifying incarnation. Brahm or Brahma, the “Great One, the learned Hinduos regard as the Creator ; Vishnoo, the Preserver; and Siva, the Destroyer. Vishnoo, they say, has been incarnate nine times. In the first he is represented as issuing from the body of a fish; to teach, as it is said, his preservation of a devout person with his family consisting of seven others, and pairs of aniinals, in an ark, during a deluge, which destroyed the impious population. In the second he appears supported on a tortoise, to remind the people, that in the shape of a tortoise Vishwoo supported the earth, while the gods churned the sea, to make it cast up the thiogo which it had swallowed. In the third, he appears with a boar's head, as is said to teach, that in such shape the god drew up the earth with his tusks from the depth of the ocean. Fabulous and absurd as these representations may appear", it seems evident that they have reference to the history of Noah and the Deluge mentioned in the Scriptures; and their extravagance may be accounted for by the consideratiou, that before the invention of writing, ancient traditions were represented by pictures, which in an ignorant and superstitious age would be corrupteri, and that their interpretations would naturally be imost ridiculous. Six other incarnations are said tu lave

2 C

else;

taken place, equally childish in their representation,

ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES. and they are believed to allude to some momentous events in the history of the world in subsequent

No. V.-THE MERCY OF GOD. ages.

Krishna is the eighth, and BUDDHA the ninth in- MANKIND have at all times been willing to admit, that carnation, Concerning Krishna, the Hindoo priests, much of imperfection and weakness clings to their in a long history of his life, relate the greatest extrava- nature; and when seriously called upon to state the gancies and follie Sir William J

supposes that foundation upon which their hopes of eternal happiness many of the stories of Krishna, which are similar to are built, are not disposed to deny, that much depend. the events in the life of our blessed Saviour, must have ence must be placed on the mercy of Him who is to been borrowed from the spurious Gospels, which were be their future judge. The revelation which He has carried to India by some of the early professors of made of Himself, and the writings of those men who Christianity. Many false accounts of our Saviour, it is found their opinions on this revelation, seem most well known, were published concerning His mysterious forcibly to imply, that He who possesses every attribute incarnation and wondrous mission, and circulated in infinite perfection, takes chief delight in inanifesting throughout the East. The representation in our en- the immensity of His mercy. Unhappily, however, no graving was copied from a painting on the wall of an attribute of the Deity is more subject to misappreancient pagoda in India.

hension than this ; the sound of mercy is so sweet to Krishna is seen here, first in a state of suffering, the ears of a guilty sinner, that he will listen to nothing from the coils and venomous bite of an enorinous and when called upon to bear in mind that there serpent. Again he is exhibited as a crowned con- are threatenings in the word of God most awfully queror, having escaped the power of the monster, and denounced against sin and all uncleanness, he quiets standing on its head No one can hesitate to admit the his rising fears with the consideration that God is probability of this representation referring originally merciful. to the tradition of the merciful promise of God to our The object I have in view in the present essay, is to fallen parents, Adam and Eve, and the expressive curse make some few remarks on the real nature of the mercy denounced upon the serpent, Gen. iii, 15, “I will put of God; hoping that by this means I may be able to enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy show some, that the foundation they depend upon for seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou acceptance in the sight of God is frail and insecure; shalt bruise his heel.” The exposition of this passage while at the same time we shall discover, that the broad by the grandson or great-grandson of Noah, when first canopy of mercy the Deity has erected, is large enough settling in Hindoostan, by the incarnation of the Son to shelter beneath it every inhabitant of the world. His of Gud, would give occasion to some representation of mercy is higher than the hearcns, and broader than it, to preserve it from perishing; especially if he had the wide expanse of earth. lived and died in a state of reconciliation with God, I. Let us take a scriptural view of the mercy of and in the assurance of eternal salvation froin all the God. evils which the enmity and subtlety of the serpent had The correct definition of mercy seems to be, that it brought on mankind.

is that disposition of mind by which we are excited 10 While we possess the uncorrupted Oracles of God in pity and relieve those who are in distress, or to pass the Holy Scriptures, and the pure gospel of Jesus by their crimes without inflicting punishinent upon Christ, making known to us the joyful tidings of eternal them. life, through the sufferings and triumph of Immanuel, Unaided by the light of Revelation, human reason God with us, our high privilege is to triumph with our could never have attained a correct view of the true exalted Lord, anticipating his kingdom and glory: but nature of God. The deplorable condition of the heait is no less our duty, and our delightful privilege, to then world, and the wild and absurd system of theology, contribute to the destruction of the corrupt supersti- which even the learned and the philosophic have suctions and idolatries of the heathen, and the advance- cessively supported, prove that it is quite possible for ment of their regeneration and salvation, by means of the same man to understand many mysteries connected the ministry of evangelical missionaries! This is in with the world in which he lives, and to have many accordance with the revealed purpose of God - that correct opinions in philosophy and science, while at idolatry and impurity shall be purged, and “the earth the same time he is deplorably ignorant of the nature shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters and character of the Divine Author of all things. I cover the sea.”

seems indeed to me iinpossible, that one ignorant of the immortality of the soul, and the nature of its future

destination, could form even a favourable opinion of JUVENILE FRIARS.

the Deity; for the many cases which occur of oppressed

virtue and successful villany, would argue that God A few miles from Buenos Ayres a woman was busily was unmindful of His creatures, or that He did not employed in making a Franciscan friar's dress for her

possess either the power or the will to uphold the best son, two years old, he had been unwell; and during and most virtuous of mankind against the attacks of his illness the mother vowed to St. Francis, that if he their malicious enemies. It was left, therefore, for would restore her son to health, she would make him that system, whereby light and immortality are brought a friar of his order. St. Francis obligingly interfered, to light, fully to vindicate the Divine government; and, and the child recovered ; lie has now his head shaved, therefore, the greater part of my remarks will hare and is only waiting for his frock, cowl, and sandals, to reference to the gospel of Jesus Christ. fulfil his mother's vow. In Spain and Portugal I have 1. Mercy is an essential perfection of the Divine seen children of all ages dressed as nuns, monks, or nature. Misery and wretchedness have the power of friars, in consequence of vows of this kind. Their

calling forth the pity of human creatures, and when appearance to strangers is truly ridiculous; and I doubt we behold complicated sorrows endured by some unif even their patron saints would view a number of fortunate being, we feel disposed to exert the utmost nuns and friars, from five to ten years of age, playing of our power in relieving these distresses. In the at leap-frog and other garnbols, without thinking it far Deity, however, this attribute is the expression of his from creditable.

wise and deliberate determination, guided by infinite

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