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“ The loss of money, however, be it ever so great, Whom their own prophets had foretold, cannot compare with the cruel waste of life occasioned And whom their eyes did once behold, by sending our soldiers to those pestilential regions, Teaching within that hallow'd dome, whose very atmosphere is, in many cases, death to the

Which still remain'd their dearest trust; uninured whites, and certain loss of health to all. In And, harder than the marble stone, 1826, of the eighty-three regiments then in the British They from His veins beheld to burst service, twenty were placed in the West Indies. While

The gushing blood on Calvary's hill: twenty regiinents were required for the West Indies,

They felt not then, they scorn Hins still. nine were deemed sufficient for Britain. The secretary

But not in vain that tongue must teach at war is understood to have said, that out of three regi

With eloquence sublime and rare, inents, consisting of 2,700 men, sent to one of the

And now a risen Saviour preach, islands, one-third had perished in one season!

And show his love and mercy there : Who can compute the ainount of loss, guilt, and

Some hearts the Holy Spirit brought folly, inseparable from West India Slavery !

Deeply to feel the truths he taught.

See the result! those carnest eyes
PAUL PREACHING AT ATHENS.

And hands uplifted here behold;

Their hearts to God in prayer arise, Suggested by viewing one of the Cartoons.

And all collected in His fold, Who stands within that far-fam'd court

Shall not depart in spirit bound, Which Solon form'd in days of yore;

One with the Saviour they are found. To which the learned made resort

Him they revere who came to preach On that proud classic, favour'd shore ;

Salvation only in His name. Athens, the great, renown'd, and free,

Go forth, ye Greeks, and also teach The famous seat of Liberty?

That Jesus to the Gentiles came.

His death and resurrection show,
Around him lie the mighty dead !
All who their country's battles won;

Until the world your Lord shall know.
Those who at Salamis had bled,

S. HOPKINS. And those who fell at Marathon; Here Socrates and Plato taught;

Singular Sign of Mourning. The Landers, recent Here Xenophon both wrote and fought.

travellers through Africa, mention an extraordinary Here rose the noblest works of art,

custom which they witnessed. “Many women with Whose praise has through the nations rung :

little wooden figures of children on their heads, passed Demosthenes here charm'd the heart,

us in the course of the morning mothers, who, having And Phidias wrought, and Homer sung.

lost a child, carry such rude imitations of them about Who on those steps excels them all?

their persons for an indefinite time as a symbol of "Tis he - the Christian teacher - Paul!

mourning. None of them could be induced to part 'Tis he! the servant of that Lord,

with one of these little affectionate meinorials.” Whom Grecian sages never knew;

The African Butter Tree. - The Mi-Cadania, or butCoine to declare His name and word,

ter tree, yields abundance of a kind of vegetable marAnd teach them to believe and do.

row, pleasant to the taste, and highly esteemed by the Behold him, by the Spirit mor'd

natives. It is used for lights, and other domestic Of Jesus, whom he preach'd and lov'd !

purposes. The tree is not much unlike our oak in All that divine and holy zeal,

appearance, and the kernel of its nut is about the size Which ever signaliz'd his name,

of our chestnut. It is exposed in the sun to dry; after Now fill'd his heart, and made appeal

which it is pounded very small, and boiled in water: To their's who heard : from far he came,

the oily particles it contains float on the surface; when To preach of Jesus and His blood,

cool they are skimmed off, and made into little cakes And to reveal The Unknown God!

for use, without any further preparatiou. His auditors have crowded round, Eager to hear what he might teach ;

LITERARY NOTICE. But few among them can be found

A Map of the Voyages and Travels of St. Paul, for Schools and Whose hearts those glorious truths could reach. Bible Classes, intended as a Companion to the Map of Palestine, In mental darkness long they lay,

on a whole Sheet of large Vellum Imperial, But now has dawn'd a brighter day.

Also a new and corrected edition of the Map of Palestine in Here stands the Cynic, deep in thought,

the time of our Saviour, illustrative of the Books of the Evange

lists, and containing the principal places in the Old Testament. Forining objections in his heart; And there the Stoic hither brought,

ANNIVERSARIES OF RELIGIOUS AND BENEVOLENT And unconvinc'd he will depart,

SOCIETIES, IN THE ENSUING WEEK, Aged, and leaning on his staff:

Sunday, 19.- Irish Society of London, Sermon, Portman Both these express their inward wrath.

Chapel, Baker Street. Near them a group of Atheists sit,

TUESDAY. - British and Foreign Temperance Society, Exeter Sophists, Freethinkers, dead to all

Hall, at Twelve. Society for the Promotion of Permanent and They ought to feel ; - and here they meet

Universal Peace, White Hart Court, Gracechurch Street, HalfTo cavil, and the Preacher call

past Six Ev. A setter forth of doctrines strange;

WEDNESDAY. -Continental Society, Sermon, St. Ann's Black

friars, at Eleven. And they from error will not change.

THURSDAY.—Episcopal Church Society, Exet. Hall, at Twelve. At farther distance, turn'd away, Two Jewish doctors may be trac’d,

London ; Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court, Who have not hail'd this glorious day,

Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid)

should be addressed; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmeo in she Nor that Messiah had embrac'd,

United Kingdom,

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

DIFFERENT KINDS OF TORTURE INFLICTED IN THE “HOLY INQUISITION.”

HISTORY OF THE ROMISH “HOLY several denominations, continued marvellously to in.
INQUISITION.”

crease in France, Spain, Gerinany, and even in Italy.

The principles and general character of the Waldenses, “Pope Innocent THE THIRD,” as Gibbon remarks, are brought before us in an interesting and satisfactory "may boast of the two most signal triumphs over sense manner. We have extant some of their own “ Apoand humanity, the establishinent of TRANSUBSTANTI- logies” and “ Confessions of Faith,” which are truly ATION, and the origin of the Inquisition.

excellent. Besides, Reinerius Saccho, who had been Humanity shudders while relecting upon the dia- brought up ainong thein, and was therefore acquainted bolical cruelties and murders perpetrated by this most with their principles and character, was appointed terrible “ Court;” for the whole history of human legate and inquisitor, for the purpose of extirpating wickedness, embracing every nation, does not present them. Though an apostate froin them, and one of any system of policy to be compared with it 'for in- their determined enemies, he testifies as follows : justice, atrocity, or hypocrisy. That which peculiarly"Of all the sects that have risen up against the church aggravates the criminality and blood-guiltiness of that of Rome, the Waldenses have been the most prejudicial scourge of Christendom is, that its proceedings were and pernicious. They live righteously before men, always conducted by ministers of religion, and in the believe rightly concerning God in every particular, blessed name of Him, who is the “Prince of Peace,” holding all the articles contained in the creed (Apostles' the fundamental law of whose kingdom, enjoined upon Creed), but hating and reviling the church of Roine, all his servants, is, Whatsoever ye would that men and on this subject they are readily believed by the should do unto you, do ye so even unto them.

people." We cannot but believe that such a people, This fearful Tribunal of the Inquisition was erected concerning whoin an enemy would so write, wer: by the Pope, about A. D. 1200,' in several Roman living by faith on the Son of Gud, and enjoying the Catholic countries, for the exanination and punish- comforts of the Holy Spirit. Especially wheú we ment of heretics, the papal chair being then filled by reflect that it was their glory that there was scarcely Innocent III. The iminediate object of the Inquisition one among them who was not better acquainted with was the extermination of the Waldenses, who, under the Scriptures than the doctors of the Roinish church. Vol. II.

Y

However sound and scriptural their principles, and strength, and riches. When they had detected them, pure and exemplary their morals, the Waldenses could they informed the bishops, who at that time had the pot escape persecution. By methods which required sole power of judging in ecclesiastical affairs, and more than depraved human ingenuity to devise, the whom they urged to anathematize, banish, or otherwise inquisitors and their officers proceeded in their bloody chastise such heretical persons as they brought before work, and the beginning of the thirteenth century was them. On some occasions they excited princes to arm distinguished by thousands of the Waldenses being put their subjects against the heretics; or inflained the to death, by hanging, burning, and various other rabble, whom they themselves headed, to take up dreadful tortures. Under the denomination of Wal- arms, and unite in extirpating them. Those who denses and Albigenses, in France alone, it was com- could be induced to devote themselves to this service, puted, that by the direction of the papal legates and obtained the title of CRUSADERS, and wore a cross inquisitors, not less than a million were murdered, in upon their garments. The efforts of the inquisitors several barbarous crusades ! while their only crime was were greatly assisted by the emperor of the Romans, that of being dissenters from the popish domination Frederick II, who, in 1224, promulgated four edicts of and superstitions, separating to enjoy the gospel of the most ferocious and sanguinary description against Jesus Christ, and to live together as his obedient dis- heretics. These edicts were approved and confirmed ciples !

by the pope, and inserted in his bulls; and the perThe princes under whom these dissenters lived, secuting spirit which pervades them became gradually afforded them protection on account of their habits of incorporated into the laws of almost every country in good order and their industry: but as they rejected the

Europe. impositions of popery, and admitted only the Scriptures After the death of Frederick, about the middle of as their rule of faith and duty, by order of the papal the thirteenth century, Pope Innocent IV remaining court, armies were raised to exterminate them as sole arbiter of the affairs of Lombardy and other parts heretics, and several of the nobles fell with their of Italy, commenced diligently to extirpate heresy, people, being treated with every species of pertidy, which he feared was increasing; and as the past labours injustice, and brutality, by their bigoted invaders. of the Franciscan and Dominican friars, unrestrained Aš these crusading legions were marching, a turbulent either by respect of persons or the fear of dangers, by inquisitorial monk was murdered in the dominions of any regard to justice or the feelings of humanity, had Raymond, Count of Thoulouse; and this served as a highly recommended them to the pontiff, he cheerfully pretext for Pope Innocent III, to publish an edict, a availed himself of their services. Preaching was not part of which is as follows : “We moreover promise found to succeed; and the military executions were to all those who shall take up arms to revenge the said suspended for the sake of erecting tribunals, armed murder, the pardon and remission of all their sins. with tremendous authority, for the purgation of here. And since we are not to keep faith with those who do tical pravily. These noble tribunals were to consist not keep it with God, we would have all to understand, of the inquisitor and the bishop of the place. The that every person who is bound to the said Earl Ray- inquisitor, however, was to be the principal; and the mond by oath of allegiance, or by any other way, bishop had little more than the name of judge. The is absolved by apostolical authority from such obliga- secular powers were indeed allowed to appoint the tions; and it is lawful for any Roman Catholic to subordinate officers to the inquisition, but still subject persecute the said Earl, and to seize upon his country. to the approbation of the inquisitor. Of all the conWe exhort you, that you would endeavour to destroy fiscated property belonging to the heretics, a third part the wicked heresy of the Albigenses; and do this with was granted to ihe community, in return for the whole more rigour than you would towards the Saracens expense of keeping the prisons and supporting the themselves; persecute them with a strong hand;

de

prisoners. The infliction of the punishment on those prive them of their lands and possessions; banish them, condemned was vested in the magistrate, who could and prt Roman Catholics in their room."

not avoid executing it without incurring the fearful Such were the shocking sentiments and language of vengeance of the church; so that he was executioner one who called himself the chief minister and vicar of for the spiritual judge. Jesus Christ! The orders of the Pope were executed On this footing the “Holy Office” was placed in the without delay; and in such a inanner, that a detail of year 1251 in the ecclesiastical states of Italy; and bethe accompanying acts of hypocrisy and treachery, fore A.D. 1300 we find it exteuded to Paris, Thoulouse, of indecency and savageness, would harrow up the Syria, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Bohemia, sensibilities of the most unfeeling soul. Hundreds at &c., under the inanagement of Dominican friars, thirtya time were butchered in the most terrible manner. one rules or articles defining their jurisdiction and Noblemen and governors, who attempted to defend the powers, and regulating the procedure of this spiritual innocent inhabitants of the Waldensian cities, were court of judicature. All rulers and magistrates were anathematized, and the people indiscriminately mas- commanded, by a special papal bull, to give, under sacred! Writers of the greatest veracity declare, that pain of excommunication, the most punctual obe“the armies employed by Pope Innocent III destroyed dience and every possible assistance to this “Holy two hundred thousand of them, in the short space of a Court." few inonths.”

Under Ferdinand and Isabella, this scourge and disSt. Dominic has the honour of first erecting this grace of human nature was established in Spain and extraordinary “ Court of Inquisition ;” and the two Portugal, where tribunals of the Inquisition were orders of St. Dominic and St. Francis were at this time erected with all possible pomp. and magnificence. instituted. The first inquisitors were vested with a Happily for maukind, this infernal Institution has been double capacity, not very happily united in the same abolished in many countries, which are yet Roman persons; one was that of preachers, to convince the Catholic, as the greatest outrage upon the dearest heretics by argument; the other, that of persecutors, rights of man; and the final erasure of the Inquisition to instigate magistrates to employ every method of from the face of the earth cannot be far distant, extirpating those who were not convinced by the together with all the superstitions and errors of Antireasoning of the merciless fanatics and wretched so- christ, by means of the general diffusion of the Holy phisters." At first indeed the inquisitors had no tribu- Scriptures. Dals: they merely inquired after heretics, their numbers,

(Tu be continued.)

ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES.

2. THE PROVIDENCE of God no less displays the

attribute now un'ler consideration. It must be owned No. IV. THE WISDOM OF GOD.

that there is more obscurity hanging over this subject (Continued from p. 167.)

than any other; and the reason of it I conceive to be,

because we are not able to look into both worlds, and Does not anatomy testify, that on the frail tenement of clay in which it is our allotment for a few years to

collect in oue view the present and the future. We reside, the Deity hath lavished infinite skill, and fitted

are all apt to judge of things by the aspect which they it for our reception with all the wondrous contrivances on the Justice of God, the condition of men is not now

present to our senses; and as I observed when treating of mechanical art? Oh! it is marvellous to think on His skill, who even at this moment is supporting and

what their moral worth, as compared with each other, sustaining existence in myriads of myriads of beings, ar

requires it should be. Nothing inore is needed to ranging all things for their present happiness, and ad

establish the necessity of a future state, wherein just ministering to all their wants with the tenderest anxiety.

judgment inay be rendered to the sons of men, than It was wisdom indeed past finding out, which first called

the simple statement of this fact, so well kuown to all. into existence the whole race of animate beings; but

Oh! it is gratifying, in the midst of a world where injus. surely it must be owned that no less wisdom is needed to

tice abounds on every side, - where the cry of the disdevise means whereby each may enjoy the existence

tressed is drowned in the clamour of the persecutor,

and the merit of the worthy is overlooked in the conthus imparted. Many eininent men have made it their business to examine the wonders of nature, and I am

teinplation of aplendid and gorgeous iniquity, -it is, sure it will be found that the purest amusement, as

I say, gratifying to remember that there is an appeal

from earth to heaven, and a judgment-seat yet to be well as the most useful instruction, may be derived

erected, around which shall be gathered the longfrom a perusal of their works. But I'must not forget to say something with respect

forgotten generations that have thronged each portion to that magnificent display, which the firmament pre

of this globe. The poor and indigent man will at that sents when the darkness of night has shrouded the

day discover, that though man has been unmindful of lovely and placid scenery of the world in which we live.

him, God has not: that all his wants and his sufferings And what is it that the astonished gaze of a creature is

are recorded in a book of everlasting remembrance, permitted to view? Ignorance may possibly have so

which will be opened at the last day, and read to clouded his mind and obscured his understanding, that

assembled worlds. Of the proceedings of that judgment

we know and understand but little ; nevertheless, he supposes what he beholds to be nothing more than

enough has been communicated to convey to us the bright spangles in some canopy of blue. But it is time for the veil of such ignorance to be rent in twain : it is

knowledge of every thing connected with it which it is time now to let mankind know their real position

necessary for us to know: and when all the mighty that they are placed in regions of infinite space, and

but incomprehensible workings of the Deity shall be kept from falling by wo other power than that of the

fully explained to admiring myriads, I doubt not that Creator; that the world in which they move, great and

each one will be struck with enraptured amazement

at the wisdom with which the Deity has conducted all mighty as it may scem to thein, is but a very small part of the works of God's hands; that every star

things, and casting at His feet the crowns where with

he has rewarded their diligence, will be irresistibly which they behold just glimmering at an inconceivable distance, is doubtless a world, and in all probability the

urged to exclaim, “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God sun of a system as great or greater than our own.

All

Almighty ; just and true are all thy ways, thou King

of Saints!” the proud and noble edifices which have employed for so long the care and skill of mankind, appear insig

But I would most anxiously wish every human being nificant when compared to the nighty extent of that

to know, that all his concerns are now under the super

intendence of God, who will not fail to inake all things earth upon which they are erected; and that earth itself dwindles into nothingness when compared with the

work together for good to thein who love him. It may mighty system of the heavens. Be it known to you,

scem indeed that trials and sufferings are very doubtful O vain man, that the world in which you live, and

proofs of the care and preservation of the Deity; but which you inake the theatre of your pride and vain

let those who suppose this, if they be Christians, boasting, appears only like a little star when viewed

seriously ask themselves whether they have not always from some of the bright globes which we behold, and

found, that what appeared dark and gloomy in their is invisible to many. Think of these things, and join

condition was absolutely necessary to their eternal in the rational, consistent, and devout exclamation of

welfare? In fact, I cannot suppose it possible, that if the Psalmist : “ Lord, what is man, that thou art mind.

men could persuade theinselves that God did really ful of him, or the son of man, that thou visitest him?"

interfere with their affairs, they would for one moment

doubt the correctness of the conduct pursued. And “Thou, proud mar, look upon yon starry vault, Survey the countless gems which richly stud

after so many declarations, both in his word and in his The night's imperial chariot. Telescopes

works, that he careth for us — that though unnumbered Will show thee myriads, more innumerous

worlds demand his attention, he is not unmiudful of Than the sea sand; each of those little lamps

our griefs and sorrows,-let us not doubt a truth which Is the great source of light, the central sun,

is alone calculated to cheer the darkness of temptation, Round which some other mighty sisterhood Of planets travel, every planet stock'd

and cast a gleam of sunshine over the rugged and With living beings impotent as thee.

desolate paths which lead to the mansions of blessedNow, proud man, where is thy greatness Aed ?

When therefore our cheek is lighted up with a What art thou in the scale of Universe ?

smile, or when our eye is filled with a tear, let us not Less, less than nothing !"

be unmindful of Him who ordereth all things after the Considerations such as these are eminently calculated counsel of his own will: and when our heart begins to increase our reverence of God; for we cannot fail to to doubt the mercy or wisdom of God, in some strange be convinced, that He who orders all these wondrous dispensation of his providence, let the rising doubt be planets, who prescribes rules which none of them can instantly checked with the Saviour's words,'“What I break, yea and calleth them all by their names, must do thou knowest not now, but thou shalt know here. be infinite in wisdom, and all his ways past finding after."

B. Z. out.

(To be continued.)

ne33.

Letters to a Mother, upon Education. relative positions ; and whenever you wish him to tell LETTER XXVII.

you where any place is situated, bid bim to fancy his

map before hiin, and in imagination to find it on the On learning Geography.

map. This must always be the rule; and by this meDear Madam,

thod he will, by the laws of the association of ideas, A KNOWLEDGE of the principles of soon surprise you by the facility with which he will geography is indispensable to your son. *This know- reply to your inquiries. ledge, in the degree of preparing him for further in- You may then initiate him into the knowledge of struction, you can yonirself communicate.

longitude and latitude. Teach him that the circle or All that you will want will be a globe, or at least a globe, by common consent of learned men, for the map of the world, tolerably full ; "that is, having the purposes of science, and not owing to any natural pronames of the principal countries and cities marked perty, is divided into 360 degrees, or equal parts ; so upon it. You can then begin to teach your juvenile that a half circle contains 180 of these arbitrary parts, pupil.

and a quarter 90. Then show him the line round the As a first lesson, show him an orange, and an ivory globe called the equator ; and the parallel lines to it: ball; and tell him, that the earth on wbich we all live tell him that these are called the lines of latitude: then is not in shape like the ivory ball, perfectly round, but show him the lines which cross them from pole to like the orange, flattened at two opposite points, and pole, and tell him that these are called the lines of bulging out rather, all around the two other opposite longitude. Make him understand that there are no such points.

lines in nature really and to be seen, but that they are Now show him a terrestrial globe; and then explain agreed upon in order that by being numbered, persons to him the nature of a map, - that it is a drawing in may by the number find out in the map the different miniature of the outlines of places in their relative sizes countries which lie between the lines, or under them. and situations.

Instruct him to refer to the different countries, and to Go into the garden with him, and choosing some bear the association of the longitude or latitude in his situation whence the whole can be viewed, make a map mind. Whenever you ask him a question of this of it, with the names of the different objects in their nature, or whenever in reading he meets with a country places. Let your next lesson be to teach him to make which he wishes to find, let his mind not ramble through a map of the street in which you live, or the village or the earth, but recur tu the map or globe, and to the neighbourhood, including the principal buildings and very spot where he has been accustomed to see it, and the other objects. Let this be done on a large scale, and association will suggest it. If he meets with the name not too many places marked down. Let him put down of a city, and the country, &c. where it stands is not the boundaries of the different places. Then show him mentioned, then let him refer to you, and you may a map of England: point out to him that the different refer to the Universal Directory, or System of Geolines include the different counties, or the different por- graphy, and there you will find the country mentioned. tions into which the first kings of England ordered that Having told this to him, let hiin recur to it, and search the whole kingdom should be considered as divided : till he finds it. Let liin always feel that there is no point out the towns and cities and rivers, and show him disgrace in not knowing where a city or town, or eren the boundaries of each: then point out the boundaries a province is, which he had not heard of before. of the whole island, and their names. Then take him These general principles will be enough, as the nuto the terrestrial globe, and show him the relative situ- cleus of his future knowledge. By looking for places ation of England to the rest of the countries. Tell him as he needs them in reading, he will know a sufficient that the upper part of the map is called the north, and number in the course of time. so of the globe; the lower part the south, the right The general rule however should be, that he should hand the east, and the left hand the west. Show liim both actually and in memory, whenever he wants to how high up towards the north England is : point out know the situation of a place, refer to the sume globe to him across the sea the situation of Ireland. Let the

or map. next lesson be to show him, that just across the English

(To be continued.) channel you come to France: show him, still farther on the globe, one country of Europe after another, and the bounds of Europe. Thence proceed to Asia. Direct THE EARL OF KINGSTON'S MOTTO, his attention to the sea extending everywhere, and the

SPES TUTISSIMA CELIS.islands and countries standing out of it. As to the vacant space around the north pole, tell him that no one

The safest hope is in heaven. has ever been to explore it; so also of the south pole.

Hope, sweetest comfort, steady friend, In another lesson, point out remarkable points, such as

Who ever dost thy succours lend the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn. Show him Ma- Whene'er my mind's opprest : dras, and then ask him to trace with his finger the way by Oft have I found thy genial rays sea to Madras, and then with a pencil the way over-land.

Dispel the clouds of darkest days, You may then afterwards begin to teach him geogra

And set iny soul at rest. phy more minutely. Do this simply by conversation, and on no account

But ah! on earth I dare not cast ever allow him to commit verbal descriptions of coun

Hope's precious anchor, lest the blast tries to memory. He will loathe the whole study, both

Of Time's rude winds should shake, now and for ever, if

And loose its hold; and in this gale do.

you You inay have such a book as Goldsmith's Geography

Of snares and tempests me should fail, in your band, and which inay suggest to yourself the

And my fond schemes should break. principal countries and cities, which you may ask him The safest hope 's in heaven above, to find on the map. Pursue this plan by little easy, Stable and firm 'twill ever prove, pleasant lessons. Proceed froin one thing to another :

For God will ne'er deceive : do not require of him the remembrance of a great 'Tis in his Son that I confide, number of names; a few principal cities in the different And with his promise satisfied countries is enough. Let him especially learn their I safe and joyful live.

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