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He should like to see some of the rich men of the and 10,000 reliefs had been given, either in food, country giving support to one or two or more mission
money, clothes, or coals. The receipts of the past year aries, according to the extent of their means, which amounted to upwards of 6451. they might do without any diminution of their present The meeting was then addressed by the Hon. Captain rank and state in society. He threw out the same sug- Waldegrave; the Rev. H. Venn, of Hull; the Lord Bishop gestions to some of the rich churches of the country. of Chester; the Rev. Daniel Wilson, of Islington ; the Let them recollect that there were 600,000,000 of their Rev. W. Thompson, of St. Barnabas church, St. Luke's; fellow-men in the darkness and vice of heathenism. Let the Rev. W. Monro; the Rev. H. Raikes; the Rev. S. them attack that great enemy of human happiness, and Robins; the Rev. J. Hull, of Lancaster; and the Rev. attack it on its own shores. Let them increase their G. Marsh, of Hampstead. Similar institutions have missionary labours, and they might expect, with God's been formed in five cities, twenty-seven towns, and blessing, to sec results a hundredfold more than they twenty-one parishes, which were reported as in proscould yet show.”
perous operation. Lord Gambier, the Vice-Patron and President of the Church Missionary Society, having departed this life only a few days before this anniversary, the Rev. Mr. Ward, minister of Iver, where is the seat of that la
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL SYSTEM. mented noblenjan, referring to the venerable President, said, “I have been requested, and indeed enjoined, to An Essay, with the above title, obtained a prize of recal to your recollection once more the ever-to-he- fifty dollars from the American Sunday School Union regretted loss we have sustained in the death of the last year, and it is republished by the Sunday School revered and beloved President of our Society. Much Union in London, price Two Pence. It is an admirahas been said, and most truly and touchingly said, of ble little Tract, worthy of being perused by every the Christian graces which adorned the life of this emi- Sunday school teacher, as will be seen from the follow. pently good man. You have heard how he lived: it ing passages. remains for me, as the minister of his parish, to tell In every age and country, the churacter and virtue of you how he died. You will hear with concern that his a people, the prosperity which they enjoy, and the insti. last illness was attended with extreme suffering; but he tutions which they possess, depend almost entirely upon hore it without a murinur, and it seemed as if God had the nature of their instruction. And what means are determined that his faithful servant should glorify him better adapted to promote the highest interests of a in the fire, and that 'patience should have its perfect nation in these respects, than the correct religious eduwork.' When speaking to me of the acuteness of his cation of the individuals composing it? What but this pains, he observed, ' They interrupt my quietness, but can raise them from the savage to a civilized state ; from they do not disturb my peace;' and he added, 'Though slaves to citizens; from the grossness of sensuality to I do not, in iny debilitated state, exercise lively faith, I the dignified enjoyment of cultivated life? What irill have constant communion with my Saviour.' In refer- so etfectually diminish their temptations to crime, gire ring to a meeting of a veighbouring Bible Society, a proper direction to their valuable qualities, control over which he was to have presided, he said, “ Teli those which are dangerous and hurtful, and even render them they have my best wishes; and tell them besides, them subservient to the best interests of society? These that, while I was enabled, I felt it my bounden duty and are questions of the deepest interest to the philanthromy delight to assist that good cause to the utmost of pist and to the Christian. And while the world is immy power, considering that I thereby advanced the pelled with such violence in opposite directions, while kingdom of my Redeemer.'. In adverting to his ap- a spirit of giddiness and revolt is shed abroad upon the proaching dissolution, he said with peculiarly solemn nations, the only safety is in the improvement of the emphasis, When I am deposited in the ground, you mass of the people in knowledge, probity, and the fear will have to perform the service; you will say some- of the Lord. In the neglect of these, the politeness and thing over ine: pray be as concise as possible ; but re- refinement of knowledge accumulated in the highest member these words, - God so loved the world, that he orders, weak and impotent, will be exposed to the most gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth imminent danger, and will perish like a garland in the in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life! grasp of popular fury.' Yes, the only security is to be This is my hope. That is roy Rock of Agez, in the found in early religious instruction. This, the Sunday Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost!'
school, supplying parental neglect or deficiency, Thus died this amiable and jenerated disciple of or assisting parental faithfulness, attempts to furJesus Christ, leaving his inemory embalmed in the nish. hearts of all good men.
“ Ignorance is not the mother of devotion, but sound religious instruction is the best preservative from super
stition, fanaticism, and infidelity. Facts testify, that of GENERAL SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING DISTRICT
those who at the present day become truly converted to VISITING.
God, a large proportion are those who have been
brought up in Sunday schools. Of 787 hopefully conThis Institution, formed after the example of the verted to God in one district of North America within a Christian Instruction Society among the Dissenters, year, 592 were either teachers or pupils of Sunday held its Fifth Anniversary on Thursday, April 25. The schools. In another district, reports from 50 towns chair was taken by Lord Radstock. Collects having give 150 teachers and 522 scholars, who in a single been read by the Rev. R. Munro, the Report was read year inade a profession of their faith in Christ, of whom by the Secretary. It stated, that the various districts 110 entered upon the study of divinity. Not less than under its patronage were divided into 815 sections, em- 5,000 teachers, and 10,000 scholars, are estimated, by ploying 573 visitors ; 10,455 families were visited the annual report of the American Sunday School inonthiy on an average ; about 115,462 visits had been Union, to have been converted in the year ending May made during the past year, and about 102,622 tracts 1832. The number of conversions of persons connected had been circulated ; 2,941 children had been sent to with Sunday schools, reported during the first eight schools of different kinds; 2,191 judividuals had re- years of the existence of that society, was 26,393. A ceived medical relief; 47 had been sent to hospitals ; multitu le of concurrent facts inight be adduced.”
faintly, and with much trouble, and that presently he
fell into a sudden agony, which greatly surprised and COLLECTED BY THE LATE REV. WILLIAM BUTTON,
distressed her, and caused her to inquire anxiously No. VI.
how he felt himself? To which he answered, “That REV. GEORGE HERBERT,
he passed a conflict with his last enemy, and had over
come him by the merits of his Master, Jesus.” After Rector of Bemerton, about a mile from Salisbury.
which answer he looked up, and saw his wife and nieces Died of a Consumption in 1635.
weeping to an extremity, and charged them, “If they In the time of his decay, he was often visited aud loved him, to withdraw into the next room, and there prayed for by all the clergy that lived near him, pray every one alone for him ; for nothing but their especially by the bishop and prebends of the cathedral lamentations could make his death uncomfortable.” church in Salisbury; but by none inore devoutly than To which request their sighs and tears would not suffer his wife, his three nieces (then a part of his fainily), them to make any reply, but they yielled him a sad and one Mr. Woodnot, who were the sad witnesses of obedience, leaving with him only Mr. Woodnot and his daily decline; to whom he would often speak to Mr. Bostock. Immediately after they had left him, this purport : "I now look back upon the pleasures he said to Mr. Bostock, “Pray Sir open that door, then of my life past, and see the content I have taken in look into that cabinet, in which you may easily find my beauty, in wit, in music, and in pleasant conversation; last will, and give it into my hand.” Which being how they are all passed by me as a shadow that returns done, he delivered it into the hands of Mr. Woodnot, not, and are all become dead to me, as I to thein; that and said, “My old friend, I here deliver you my last as my father, and generations have done before me, so will, in which you will find I have made you my sole shall I now suddenly (with Job) make my bed also in executor, for the good of my wife and nieces, and I the dark; and I praise God I am prepared for it; and desire you to show kindness to them as they shall need that I am not to learn patience, now I stand in such it. I do not desire you to be just, for I know you will need of it; and that I have practised mortification, and be that for your own sake; but I charge you by the endeavoured to die daily, that I might not die eternally; religion of our friendship to be careful of them.” and my hope is, that I shall shortly leave this valley of Having obtained Mr. Woodnot's promise to be so, he tears, and be free from all fevers and pain ; and, which said, “I am now ready to die : Lord, grant me mercy, will be a more happy condition, I shall be free from for the merits of my Jesus: and now, Lord, receive my sin, and all the anxieties that attend it; and this being soul.” With these words he peaceably and calmly past, I shall dwell in the New Jerusalem, dwell there breathed forth his soul into the hands of Him who with inen made perfect, dwell where these eyes shall gave it, Mr. Woodnot and Mr. Bostock attending his see my Master and Saviour, Jesus, and with him see last breath and closing his eyes. my dear mother, and other relations and friends; but
(Note by S. J. B.) I inust die, or not come to that happy place; and this is my content, that I am going daily towards it, and
Of this excellent man, Jeremy Collier, (H. D. vol. i), that every day that I have lived hath taken a part of
gives the following account. “ HERBERT (George) my appointed time from me, and that I shall live the
a fainous English poet, a younger brother of the noble less time for having lived this and the day past.”
family of the Herberts of Montgomery ; born in 1593. These and the like expressions, which he often
He was a man of forid wit, obliging humour in conpttered, may be said to have been his enjoyment of
versation, fluent elocution, and great proficiency in the heaven before he entered it. The Sunday before his
arts ; which gained him so much reputation at Camdeath, he arose suddenly from his couch, called for
bridge, where he spent his more youthful age, that he one of his instruments, took it into his hand, and said,
was chosen University Orator. At last, taking upon
him holy orders, not without special encouragement “My God, my God, My music shall find Thee,
from King Charles I, who took notice of his extraAnd every string.
ordinary parts, he became parson of Bemerton, near Shall have his attribute to sing."
Salisbury, where he lived a seraphick life, converting And having tuned it, he played and sang,
his studies altogether to serious and divine subjects, “The Sundays of man's life,
which in time produced those divine poems, intituled, Threaded together in Time's string,
· The Temple, and the Country Parson.' He died Make bracelets to adorn the wife
about 1635." Of the eternal glorious King :
Chalıners says, “In the year 1630, Mr. Herbert On Sundays, heaven's door stands ope,
married a lady nearly related to the Earl of Danby, Blessings are plentiful and rife, More plentiful than hope.”
and on the 26th of April in the same year, was inducted Thus he continued, meditating, and praying, and re
into the rectory of Bemerton, near Sarum ; where he
discharged the duties of his function in a most exjoicing, till the day of his death; and on that day he said to Mr. Woodnot, “My dear friend, I am sorry I
emplary manner.” have nothing to present tu my merciful God, but sin and misery; but the first is pardoned, and a few hours
REFLECTIONS ON GARDENS. will put a period to the latter." Upon which Mr. Wood- A garden has ever had the praise and affection of the not took occasion to remind him of the building of wise. What is requisite to make a wise and happy man, Layton Church, and his many acts of beneficence: to but reflection and peace and both are the natural which he made answer, “They be good works if they growth of a garden. Nor is a garden a promoter only of be sprinkled with the blood of Christ, and not other- a good man's happiness, but a picture of it; and in wise.” After this discourse he became inore restless, some sort shows him to himself. Its culture, order, and his soul seemed to be weary of her earthly taber- fruitfulness, and seclusion from the world, compared to nacle; and this uneasiness became so visible, that his the weeds, wildness, and exposure of a common field, wife and three nieces, and Mr. Woodnot, stood con- is no bad emblem of a good man compared to the stantly about his bed, beholding him with sorrow, and multitude. A garden weeds the mind; it weeds it of an unwillingness to lose the sight of hiin whom they worldly thoughts, and sows celestial seed in their stead. could not hope to see much longer. As they stood M'ho cannot look on a flower till he reasons himself out thus beholding him, his wife observed that he breathed of Infidelity ?-Dr. Young.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURE. YOUNG SPRING! that sittest on that daisy knoll,
“The dragons of the wilderness.” — Mal. i, 3. With wreaths of infant green upon thy brow, “Dragons of the wilderness" are land serpents grown The new birds, fearless of the chill control
to an enormous size. In the earlier ages of the world, Of frosts and heavy skies, are blithesome now ; many kinds of animals, living undisturbed by man, Music is pealing from each feathery throat,
grew to a size of which we have no examples in modern To greet thy coming: at thy smile serene
times. Amongst others, serpents attained in the unNew life and universal beauty glows;
molested recesses of the wilderness a magnitude which And round thy presence float
made them a terror to the inhabitants of the countries Airs that are telling of the healthful green,
which they infested. Not to mention the serpent White hedge and blossoming rose.
Python, which classic mythology states to have heen Thine handinaid, the gay Flora, trips along,
slain by Apollo, and other similar instances, we have Garlanded round with bloom, elate with glee, authentic historical evidence of one having been killed Strewing the earth with flowers, that wake the song by Regulus, the Roman general, in his expedition Of their meek lover, the industrious bee.
against Carthage, which measured the astonishing She paints the blossom of the purple plum,
length of one hundred and twenty feet. After destroyThe downy peach, bright cherry, luscious pear, ing several of the Roman soldiers, it was at length And all the nurslings of the southern breeze: killed by a large stone from one of the Roman engines. When autumn days are come,
The skin was preserved in the Capitol, and an ovation The pulpy fruit shall hang in ripeness there, decreed to its conqueror. Though from the increased The treasures of the trees.
population of the earth they do not attain to this All Nature breathes luxuriance, and man
enormous size in our days, yet they are still met with Catches the feeling from her ample page,
occasionally nearly fifty feet in length. Captain StedAnd Fancy builds some rainbow-colour'd plan,
man, in his Expedition to Surinam, describes one Like those we know in youth, sinile at in age :
killed by him and his Negroes which measured fortyThe sloping hill and the sheep-spotted mead,
five feet, and was of the thickness of the trunk of an Touch' by the sunny pencil, mantle o'er
ordinary-sized trec. It was of that species called the With verdure, and black clouds have left the sky;
Boa Constrictor, of which some beautiful specimens Gone is the oaten reed;
are now being exhibited in Fleet Street, London, one But thou canst glad man's heart unto the core,
of which is about fifteen feet in length, and thick And brighten Sorrow's eye!
in the middle as a man's leg. At the same place are also two specimens of the Crocodile, each about four
feet long, believed by many of the best commentators THE SPIRIT AND PRACTICE OF POPERY. on Scripture to be
THE LEVIATHAN, “English Protestants in the present day, who view the doctrine of purgatory in an abstracted form, apart
of which such an animated poetical description is given from the jugglery and practical absurdities with which in the book of Job, chap. xli. In less populous ages it has ever been inseparably connected, can scarcely they were found very much larger than at present. estimate the magnitude of its evils. We discern these But they are known now to grow to the length of more graphically when we read such statements as the twenty or thirty feet, and to be very terrible in the following, which was stuck up three or four years ago
great rivers of tropical countries. The Nile, the in the churches of Madrid. *The sacred and royal Ganges, the Oronooko, the Amazons, &c. are celebrated bank of piety has relieved from purgatory, from its
for their Crocodiles and Alligators, which are a terror establishment in 1721, to November 1826,
to those who visit those streams.
These wonderful works of God are well worthy of 1,030,395 souls, at an expense of .........£.1,720,437 11,402 ditto, Nov. 1826, to Nov. 1827. 14,276
notice; and though they are not grown tu inaturity,
they will excite the admiration of those who delight to 1,041,797
see particular passages of the Holy Scriptures illus
trated by a reference to the wonders of nature. "The number of masses calculated to accomplish this pious work, was 558,921; consequently, each soul
TO CORRESPONDENTS.-We must apologize to our Corcost one mass and nine-tenths, or thirty-four shillings respondents for the unavoidable delay of several valuable Com. and four pence.” – Christian Observer.
munications, which shall appear at the earliest opportunity.
THOUGHTS ON IMMORTALITY. That we belong to a class of beings, whose existence will not cease with their present earthly life, but will continue elsewhere, although the body we now animate will decay and separate into its elementary particles, we believe from reason, from our intellectual feelings, from the consent of the best philosophers of all ages, from the traditions of all nations, and from the deciding communications of the Christian Revelation. We do not perish when our naterial frame dissolves : our thinking and feeling principle survives its fleshy limbs and organs, which are but the instruments of its use and pleasures here; and will, after the visible death of our corporeal frame, and in reunion with another, possess its consciousness, its sensitiveness, and its active powers, under such other circumstances as its Creator shall appoint.
ANNUAL MEETINGS IN THE ENSUING WEEK. Monday, 13.-Society for promoting the due Observance of the Lord's Day, Exeter Hall, at Twelve. Sailor's Home, or Brunswick Maritime Establishment, Exeter Hall, at Twelve. Home Missionary Society, Sermon, Orange Str. Chapel, Six Ev.
TUESDAY.-Trinitarian Bible Society, Exeter Hall, at One. Protestant Union for the Benefit of Widows and Children of Protestant Ministers, Congregational Library, at Eleven. Home Missionary Society, Exeter Hall, at Six Ev.
WEDNESDAY. - Home Missionary Society, Sale of Ladies Work, Crown and Anchor Tavern, at Ten. Sunday School Union, Breakfast, City of London Tavern, Six Morn. Continental Society, Exeter Hall, Twelve.
THURSDAY. - Sons of the Clergy, St. Paul's Cathedral, at Twelve. General Society for promoting District Visiting, Sermon, St. John's Chapel, Bedford Row, Hall-past Six Ev. London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street ; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid) should be addressed; -and sold by all Booksellers and Newsien in the United Kingdom.
PHAROS, and especially Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of in the Mediterranean Sea. Pharos was a small island Egypt, stand connected with the first translation of the at the mouth of the river Nile, over against Alexandria, Holy Scriptures. Archbishop Usher places the trans- the capital of Lower Egypt. lation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, in the This most magnificent tower was reckoned one of eighth year of Ptolemy, and in the year 277 before the the “Seven Wonders of the World.” It was a square advent of Christ : this great work, in the merciful pile of building, consisting of several stories and arrangement of the providence of God as the pre- galleries, with a lantern at the top, in which fires were paratory means of diffusing the gospel through all kept continually burning for the direction of seamen nations, is said to have been completed by the learned in the nighi, and its light might be seen at the distance Jewish interpreters in the island of Pharos.
of one hundred miles. "The several stories were adurned In the first number of the Christian's Penny Maga- with columns, balustrades, and galleries, of the finest zine we referred to this dispensation of Providence; marble and the most exquisite workmanship; to which and in a future number we purpose giving a brief some add, that the architect had contrived to fasten history of the translation of the Holy Scriptures. some looking-glasses so artificially against the highest
Ptolemy Soter having reigned in Egypt twenty years galleries, that the reflection of light was greatly in, from the time of his assuming the title of king, and creased. thirty-nine from the death of Alexander the Great, This tower of Pharos is said by some ancient authors and having attained the age of eighty years, placed to have been six hundred feet on each side of its base, his son PTOLEMY PHILADELPHUS on his throne, as and three hundred cubits, or four hundred and fifty copartner in the kingdom. Commerce had amazingly feet high; but this appears a mistake. Josephus, the increased in Egypt during the long reign of Soter, and Jewish historian, who had seen it, speaks of the Tower the famous light house, called PHAROS, was finished in of Phasælus at Jerusalem, as “not less than that if the first year of Philadelphus, for the benefit of ships Pharos,” and that he describes as a square building Vol. II.
of forty cubits, or sixty feet on every side, and ninety
THOUGHTS ON THE SACRED HISTORY OF cubits, or 135 feet high. Still this supposition of the lowest altitude for Pharos, must have rendered it very
THE CREATION. conspicuous at sea, as we may well imagine from a view
(Continued from p. 146.) of the Monument in London, whose whole elevation from the pavement is two hundred and two feet.
The sixth stage or day of creation began with the forDr. Prideaux remarks, “It cost in the building 800 mation of quadrupeds, insects, and reptiles, which talents. This, if computed by Attie talents, amounts completed the animals that inhabit our globe. Each to 165,0001. of our sterling money; but if by Alexan. were peculiar conceptions and inventions of the Deity: drian talents, it will come to twice as much. The both in external figure and physical powers, these were architect who built it was Sostratus of Cnidus, who so many new effusions of his rich imagination. The craftily endeavoured to usurp the honour of it with structure, and functions, and organizations of each posterity to himself by this fraudulent device. The had to be designed, and the whole plan having been inscription ordered to be set on it being 'King Ptolemy fully settled, the inandate was given for their simulto the gods the saviours, for the benefit of those who taneous existence, and the three orders of animals pass by sea ;' instead of Ptolemy's name, he craftily arose obediently to the command. The quadrupeds engraved his own in the solid marble, and then filling were those with which the pleasure, the sustenance, up the hollow of the engraved letters with mortar, and the convenience of man, are more immediately wrote upon it as he was directed. So the inscription, concerned. Their clothing distinguishes them from which was first read, was according as it was ordered, the other orders of created beings; it is composed and truly ascribed the work to King Ptolemy, its proper of soft, separate, flexible hair, little subject to injury; founder; but in process of time, the mortar being which is more plentifully bestowed on the inhabitants worn off
, the inscription then appeared to be thus : of cold regions, than on those which live in the warmer "Sostratus, the Cnidian, son of Dexiphanes, to the gods parts of the earth. In aquatic quadrupeds it is somethe saviours, for the benefit of those who pass by sea ;' times wanting. That they have also organs of sense which, being in lasting letters deeply engraved into the corresponding with ours, we all well know. They see, marble, lasted as long as the tower itself. This tower hear, taste, smell, and feel, as well as we do, and some has been demolished for some ages past. There is now much more acutely; both the dog and the wolf have an in its place a castle called Farillon, where a garrison is exquisite sense of smell, the cat and some others can kept to defend the harbour; perchance it is some re- see in the dark, the lynx is acute both in sight and mainder of the old work. Pharos was at first wholly smell, the racoon is peculiarly sensitive in both smell an island, at the distance of seven furlongs from the and touch; others have a quickness of hcaring superior continent, and had no other passage to it but by sea. to ourselves, and some are impressible by musical sounds. But it has many ages since been turned from an island Au historian tells us that one of the Roman emperors into a peninsula, by being joined to the land, in the had a troop of elephants disciplined to dance to music; same manner as Tyrus was, by a bank carried through the dog too sometimes howls at certain musical notes. the sea to it, which was anciently called in Greek the All quadrupeds utter sounds of some sort or other, Heptastadium, or the seven furlong bank, because seven which they can vary into so many tones as are necessary furlongs was the length of it. This work was per- to give vent to their feelings, to denote their wants, or formed by Dexiphanes, the father of Sostratus, about to communicate with each other. Each species uses the same time that Sostratus finished the tower, and particular sounds to signify to their fellows what they seems to have been the more difficult undertaking of wish thein to understand, and each seems perfectly to the two. They being, both very famous architects, comprehend the meaning of the speaker. A monkey were employed by Ptolemy Soter in the works which has been noticed to utter vocal syllables; and dogs have he had projected for beautifying, adorning, and been taught to express human words, even so many as strengthening the city of Alexandria : the father thirty, distinctly intelligible. having undertaken the Heptastadium at the same tiine It is one of the great distinctions of the animal kind, his son did the Tower, they finished both these works that it is teachable to several intelligent actions. Even at the same time, that is, in the beginning of the reign of the wild and ferocious, the largest part have been of Ptolemy Philadelphus."
found tameable. The tiger, who may be considered as the fiercest of the fierce, has exhibited this improve. ment; so has the savage and voracious hyena. Croco
diles have been made harmless and docile; the leopard ON THE SILVER MOUNTAIN OF POTOSI, likewise. The wolf has also shown that it possesses IN PERU.
what we may term affectionate docilities. The baboons
become vigilant guardians of their protector's property. A South American writer who ascended to the top These facts prove that there is nothing in the nature of of this mountain, has given us the following effusion the wildest animals to make their future gentleness on the good and bad effects of the riches it has produced. and sociability either impossible or improbable. We The sublimity, he says, of the surrounding scenery see by the dog and cat, that the carnivorous inay be did not so much interest my feelings as the celebrated mild and friendly; and even the devourers and their mountain which has poured forth its lavas of silver prey may, by kind and judicious management, be upon the world, to avimate enterprize, and reward trained to live peaceably and harmlessly together. industry; to pamper the Juxurious, and minister to the Nothing appears inore effectual to produce this pleasing comforts of the sober and the virtuous; to disseminate melioration, than patience, persevering and gentle knowledge and religion, and to spread the desolations treatment.
That animals have feelings and passions very analothe thunder of navies upon the ocean ; filling cities gous to our own, appears from many instances. Our with monuments of taste and art, and overwhelming rugged or oppressive conduct towards them, usually them with ruin; founding mighty empires, and level- puts their resentful emotions into action : but many ling them to the dust; inciting, in short, to virtue and species show what must be called kind affections. to vice, and being the source of much good, and the Monkeys evince such to each other; cows will protect root of all evil in the world.
each other, and feel strongly for their young, and