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my heart (for I myself, nexomnu, did wish to be in a 'Twas He who died, who burst the grave, state of separation from Christ), on account of my

And whom He chose, and died to save. brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh.' That

They know Him, and they love Him more, is to say, I'am deeply concerned for my unbelieving

But may not now familiar be; countrymen : and I the more pity and lament their

He seems the same as heretofore, enmity against Jesus, because I myself uns once exactly in their situation; and I know by my own past ex.

"Tis wonder all, and mystery ;

He stands in majesty and grace, perience, the bitterness and danger of their infidel state. Something like the speech of Dido in Virgil :

But there are traits upon that face • Haud ignara mali miseris succurrere disco.'"

Of recent agony and care, Being not unacquainted with calamity, I have learned to

And marks upon His hands and feet, succour the miserable,

To shuw the nails bad pierced there,

And prove his mortal suft'rings great:
KING DAVID'S CROWN OF GOLD.

Yet all is meek composure now:

Their hearts in adoration bow! We have great pleasure in endeavouring to satisfy a “ Constant Reader of the Christian's Penuy Magazine,"

With hands outstretch'd, and earnest eye, by “a proper explanation,” of 2 Samuel xii, 29, 30.

See the belov'd Apostle prese ; “And David gathered all the people together, and He seems as he could forward fly; went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.

All that he feels, his looks express : And he took their king's crown from off his head (the

Nor less attentive, close behind, weight whereof was a taleut of gold with the precious : 'In eager gaze his friends we find. stones), and it was set on David's head.”

One rather doubtful, but intent, The weight of this crown of Hanun appears certainly Wishing, yet fearing to believe, to have been great: but neither the king of Ammon nor On him a piercing eye is bent, the king of Israel “needed the neck of an elephant” to It seems to say, what, not receive wear that ornament of royalty.

Such proofs to sight and to the mind ! “A talent of gold” is said to have been the weight Our Lord before us all must find.: of this captured jewel: probably of the same weight as

But interest deepens !--Kneeling there, the golden candlestick in the Tabernacle, Exod. xxv,

With weeping eye and anguish'd heart, 39; the value of which, according to the celebrated pro

With looks almost of sad despair, fessor Brerewood, was 4,5001.; but according to bishop

That seem to say, “We must not part ! Cumberland, 5,0761. 158. 7d. Some suppose the value

I will no more a traitor be, of the crown is intended, and not its weight, which,

Lord, I will bleed, and die for Thee !according to Dr. Arbuthnot, was a little more than 113168. Joz. troy, equal to about 100lbs. avoirdupois. The Saviour speaks !—The voice they know, Bishop Cumberland computes it at rather less, making

'Tis the same tones they oft had heard ; it about 9316s. Some suppose it to have been the Syriac 'Tis music, clear, and deep, and low, talent, which was but the fourth part of that used by

Which oft their fainting hearts had cheerd: the Hebrews. Still that would make the crown weigh

Simon! it is address'd to thee, about 25lbs. Whiston, in his Notes on Josephus, who “Say, son of Jonas, lov'st thou Me?" says that David wore the crown ever after, declares What wisdom and coinpassion here, this talent weighed only 7lbs.; and if so, David or No harsh rebuke, contemptuous frown ; Hanun might easily carry it upon his head. But it is To him alone the words are clear, not necessary to suppose the talent less than the ordi.

To none around can it be knowo, nary computation; we may grant that it weighed full a If they had not before been told, hundred pounds, with its precious sardonyx mentioned That Peter's love had been so cold. by Josephus.

And mark the answer? Now no more Eastern monarchs, it is well known, were accustomed

Self-confidence and pride are found; to have crowns made to set forth their splendor and

Prostrate he kneels upon the shore, magnificence, besides those which they commonly wore

But forward still his heart can bound : , as their distinguishing ornament. These were im

“Lord, thou my soul canst plainly see, mensely large," and hung up supported over their

Thou know'st the love it bears to Thee? thrones of state, where thcy sat at their coronation, and on solemn occasions. Athenæus mentions one made of “Then feed my sheep!”- the Saviour said, 10,000 pieces of gold, placed on the throne of Ptolemy, And the same question ask'd again : king of Egypt: he describes one of gold that was The same reply his servant made, 24 feet in circumference: and mentions Others that

What could this new inquiry mean? were 2, some 4, and others 5 feet deep.

It seems that Master must be sure We must not omit to remark, that the Hebrew does That Servant would backslide no more. not require us to understand that the crown was Poor Peter had denied Him thrice, literally taken from off the head of Hanun, and set upon And thrice the same request was ask'd; the head of David: but that the royal insignia of that But the third question how gave rise base inonarch (see 2 Sam. x, 4) were captured by To feelings deep, on all the past ; David, and afterwards used as his own jewels.

“Lord, Thou alone dost all things know,

Thou know'st my love, and all my woe.” THE CHARGE.

Then “ Feed my Lambs,” the Lord replied:

This precious CHARGE with joy be heard, A DESCRIPTION OF ONE OF THE CARTOONS.

Went forth and every foc defied, Behold that group on yonder shore !

Nor danger, pain, nur death he fear'd, Never since time its course began,

With tenfold zeal, and tenfold love,
And we may add, that never more

Until his latest hvur he strove.
Such group on earth will meet again;

S. Hopkins.

MONUMENTS OF ROMAN GRANDEUR. the sacristry bearing his name now stands; St. John Soon after passing Monterosi, we came to

was cast into a cauldron of boiling oil near the Lateran;

and St. Paul dwelt here two whole years, and was after“Where Campagna's plain forsaken lies,

wards beheaded. A weary waste expanding to the skies."

Many of the first Christians sought refuge during the It has a wild and desolate appearance, as if neither inan bloody' persecutions of the Roman emperors in the nor beast had passed over it for years; yet the very gloomy recesses of the catacombs; and nothing even in solitude seems sublime, and more suited to the present the most heroic period of the Roman annals can comwidowed state of Roine, where she sits “the Niobe of

pete with the wonderful magnanimity, the fortitude, Nations,” than palaces and triumphal arches. There

and pious resignation with which these holy men cnis but one Rome in the world, and the peculiarity of its

dured tortures worse thon death, and resigned the approach strikes the eye more forcibly than the ordi

pomps and vanities of this wicked world, with all that nary suburbs of a city, one or two rained towers are

makes life dear, for the sake of their religion. alone to be seen, in which “ the fox looks out of the window, and the thistle shakes its lonely head,” yet the soil teems with luxuriance, and the very weeds have

THE SUBSTANCE OF A COURSE OF LECTURES a singular fertility and grandeur of appearance, as if characteristic of the land which has been formerly the

ON BRITISH COLONIAL SLAVERY, scene of so many noble aud illustrious transactions. Delivered at Bradford, York, and Scarborough, hy, the Like the awful stillness that precedes a storm, so does the Rev. Benjamin Godwiu, Classical Tator of Hortus solitariness around prepare the mind for Rome. After College, Bradford, Yorkshire. Svo, pp. 170. London, passing a few lonely posthouses, a turn in the road Hatchard. brought uz upon the “ Eternal City." Her coluinns, obelisks, swelling domes, and palaces, burst upon us ;

In whatever point of view we contemplate Negro every spot was classic ground, and we passed the cele- Slavery, it appears an evil of enormous magnitude. brated Tiber by the bridge where Constantine beheld It is the most flagrant violation of the righteous Jair of his famous vision of the Cross, and subscquently de- God ;-- it is the most atrocious injury to the dearest feated his enemy, which event produced the conversion rights of man ;- and it is the most effectual means of of the Emperor, and caused Christianity to become the demoralizing all classes of society in which it prevail.. religion of the Roman Empire and of the civilized Should any one he disposed to question the fatter world.

position, we would refer him to the various works The feelings of that man are not to be envied, who which refer to the West Indies, or to the following could without a beating heart first mount the Capitol or statement respecting the number of illegitimate children view the Forum. There the genius of Ancient Rome of free persons in Jamaica, which is Taken from the still seems to preside, and every spot in the vicinity registry of the Bishop's office, for 1830. Legitimnate, abounds with interesting reminiscences.

380, illegitimate 958 : total 1338 !! The majestic Coliseum, which

What inust be the general state of morals among a •In its public days unpeopled Rome,

people, who would record in a religious ordinance that And held, yncrowded, nations in its womb," nearly three-fourths of their children were illegitimnuto, still stands, though in ruins, a noble specimen of the any one may conceive! magnificent ideas of the Romans.

Mr. Godwin is entitled to the tharks of the coinmalOf the Golden House of Nero, which in its days of nity for his valuable Lectures. They will be found grandeur found its limits too contined on the Palatine a very interesting conmentary on the whole system Mount, the carly boundary of the Roinan Empire,

of Negro Slavery, and worthy of the perusaluf nought now reinains of its gorgeous splendor, but

every Christian -- especially of every British Christian. fraginents of columns, choked-up vaults, and subterranean frescos; and at this hour“ the spider spreads her net in the palace of the Cæsars, and tlie owl ANNUAL EXPENDITURE FOR Gin in England.-- Arstands sentinel" on the Imperial Mount.

dent spirits are most pernicions to the health, especially In its neighbourhood are the Triumphal Arches of of those who are badly fed. Yet the poorer classes are Titus, Constantine, and Screrns, with inany elegant those who expend most in this deleterious and destrne. columns, the graceful vestiges of fallen funes and for- tive stimulant. We are assored, that "the retail value saken temples.

of the gin annually consumed in this country amounts In the Museuins, besides an assemblage of most ex- to nearly 20,000,0001.! Including the smuggled spiquisite and heautiful statues, is a collection of pictures rits, it is probably more. flere, then, ire the people and an interesting assemblage of the busts of the of this country, and principally those of the lower illustrous dead.

orders, taxing themselves to the extent of nearly half The Church of St. Peter, for its iininensity, its subli. the whole revenue of the kingdom, and that in the mity, and beauty, so far transcends all other editicés, that curisumption of an article, which, in return for a mono description could conveyan adequate idea of its magui- mentary gratification, entails upon thousands misery of ficencet. The walls that glow will the richest inarbles, every kind, including disease and preoruture deuth!” the noble statues, the fine pictures, the richly ornaigented altars, positively overwhelin the senses; whilst the The first volume of the Christian's Penuy Magazine, lamps always burning, the swells of music occasionally from June to December 1832, is now complete, and falling on the ear, the fragrant incense wafted around, inay be had, neatly buund in cauvass, price 3s. 6d. give the impression of enchantinent, that as you wander through any Bookseller or Newsman; and also any of about, you half imagine it a dream.

the preceding Parts ur Numbers. Besides its classical attractions, Rome is consecrated to the Christian traveller, it having been the scene of london ; Printed and Published by C. WOOD UND SOX, P ppiu's Court, the labours and sufferings of several of the holy

Fleet Street; to whom all communications for the Editor (post paid)

should be addressed; — and sold by all Booksellers and Newsnen in the apostles. St. Peter was crucified on the spot where United Kingdoin.

Hawkers and Dealers Supp:ied on WhoilsTerms. Lig STÁLL., Paternoster * See our vol. i, p. 145.

Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Sirundi F. Batuts, 124, Oxford + See our Engraving, vol. 1, p. 209.

Street ; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Roxid, Finsbury,

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

CARACTACUS BEFORE THE EMPEROR CLAUDIUS. HISTORICAL NOTICES OF CARACTACUS.

by the representations of Bericus, or Adminius, son of

Cunobelinus. This prince dying, left his dominions CARACTACUS is celebrated in the annals of our country, between his other sons Togodumnus and Curaclacus, as one of the most distinguished of the ancient British who either conjointly or separately governed the Silures princes. Brief notices of this renowned chief cannot in Wales, and a great part of the south-west of Britain. fail to be interesting to our readers on two accounts Their step-mother, Cartismandua, queen of the BriFirst, because of his greatness of inind, displayed in his gantes, ivhabiting Yorkshire, &c., enjoying her own conduct towards the Romans, in their conquest of dominions. Britaiv; and especially, as his being carried captive to Aulus Plautius, of consular rank, was cominissioned Rome was the means of introducing Christianity among for the undertaking, A. D. 43. His army consisted of our Druid ancestors.

four complete legions, with their auxiliaries and cavalry, Britain had been partially conquered by Julius Cæsar, making in all about 50,000 inen. Vespasian, and his in two expeditions; the last of which, a year after the for- son Titus, who afterwards destroyed Jerusalem, and mer, was in the year 54 before the Christian era. Cæsar became emperors of Rome, were commanders under is believed to have advanced as far as St. Alban's, whose him. Caractacus led the British against the dreadful Latin name is Verulamium, the capital of Cassivelaunus. legions, the conquerors of the world, and was defeated. This city the Romans burnt and destroyed; hostages Claudius himself was induced to hasten to Britain to were delivered to Cæsar, as a security for the tribute reap the glory of the conquest, and Caractacus was he had imposed upou the Britons, and he withdrew again defeated in Essex, and Camelodunum (now Malwith his army to Gaul.

don) a city of some note was taken, and established as For a period of ninety-seven years afterwards, the a military fortification by the Romans. Some suppose Britons were but little inolested by foreign enemies : that Caractacus was taken prisoner, and brought before they did not pay the tribute imposed by their con- the emperor Claudius at York, but released; but as querors; and, though they repeatedly threatened, none he stayed but fifteen days in the island it does not of the Roman emperors, during that period, would appear probable; however, the Senate decreed the invade the country, Augustus and Tiberius considering Emperor the title of BRITANNICUs as a surnaine, in the expedition too expensive.

memory of his conquest of Britain. Claudius was induced to engage in the enterprize, Plautius and Vespasian continued their efforts to sub. Vol. II.

D

jugate the Britains. They were succeeded by Ostorius Gildas, the most ancient of our historians, who flou. Scapula, A. D. 50. An alliance was formed by the rished in the sixth century, declares that he "could Iceni, the Brigantes, and the Silures, three of the most find no British records of either the civil or ecclesias. powerful British tribes, who unanimously chose Carac- tical affairs of Britain, while it was subject to the tacus for their chief general. He exhorted the soldiers on the morning of the fatal battle, telling them, “ This had either been destroyed by their enemies, or carried is the day that will give liberty or perpetual slavery;" into foreign countries by the exiled Britons." Yet and bid them call to mind the glory of their ancestors, this writer intimates the prevailing tradition, that Chris. who drove Cæsar out of Britain, and formerly freed tianity had been published in our country before the their country from the dominion of the Romans.”

great revolt, and the defeat of Queen Boadicea, which Discipline and skill in the Roman veterans, overcaine happened A. D. 61 ;-for, referring to those calamitous the rude courage of the Britons, who were completely events, he remarks, “ In the mean time, Christ, the true routed. Besides the dreadful effusion of blood, Carac- zun, afforded his rays, that is the knowledge of his pretacus lost his wife, daughters, and brothers : and that cepts, to this island, benumbed with extreme cold, chieftain himself taking refuge in the dominions of his having been at a great distance from the sun; I do step-mother, Cartismandua, was betrayed by her into not mean the sun in the firmament, but the Eternal Sun the hands of Ostorius. Information of this victory was in heaven.immediately forwarded to Rome; on which, Claudius Caractacus, that martial but unfortunate prince, is ordered the royal captives to be sent to his capital, that believed to have been the means of furthering the he might behold in chains a prince who had been able diffusion of Christian knowledge among the Britops, if to withstand the Roman legions for nine years.

not of its introduction : and this will appear probable On an appointed day, the imperial court being from several considerations. That bold chief, as we summoned, and the Emperor seated on his throne, the have seen, was carried captive to Rome, A. D. 52, when procession was made to pass before the master of the he was liberated by the Emperor Claudius : but Caracworld. The servants and retinue of the British prince, tacus was detained in the imperial city for seven years, with the rich spoils which had been taken by the without a passport for his return home, which hapRomans, were first led forth; then bis wife, doughters, pened A. D. 59. At this period, the conquerors had and brothers ; and lastly Caractacus himself, walking established the southern division of this island as a erect, with a settled countenance, as if elevated above Roman province, Camelodunum (Maldon in Esses) his misfortune. When beholding the astonishing splen- had been fortified as a Roman colony and military stadour and magnificence of Rome, Caractacus exclaiined, tion, and Verulam (St. Alban's) and London had become “Is it possible, that a people so wealthy and luxurious, inunicipia, or free cities, flourishing, and crowded with should envy me a humble cottage in Britain ?”

Roman citizens; of whom it is computed there could Tacitus informs us, that when Caractacus came near not be less than 100,000; as no less than 70,000 or the Emperor, he addressed him with dignity, as follows: 80,000 were massacred in the revolt under Boadicea, “If my moderation had been as great as my birth or some of whom, it is thought, might be believers on the fortune, Rome had seen me this day her ally, and not Lord Jesus Christ, for the following reasons : her captive, and perhaps she would not have disdained The Christians at Rome were very numerous, and to rank in the number of her friends, a prince royally their “faith was spoken of throughout the whole descended, and who commanded many nations. My world,” Rom. i, 8. The Epistle of Paul to the Romans present condition is as dishonourable to me, as it is is believed to have been written A. D. 58, and the glorious to you. I had arms, horses, riches, and flourishing state of their church may be tolerably estigrandeur. Is it strange I should part with them unwill. mated by consulting that Epistle, in chap. i, 1–15, and ingly? Does it follow, because you have a mind to rule xv, 23, and xvi. over all, that therefore every one must tamely submit? Froin the indispensable daily intercourse between Had I sooner been betrayed to you, neither your glory Rome and Britain, Christianity must have been heard nor my misfortunes had been rendered so famous, and my of by our countrymen; especially when we consider, punishment would have been buried in eternal oblivion. that, besides those who had been carried prisoners to But now, if you preserve my life, I shall be a standing Rome, many would go to negotiate their affairs at the monument of your clemency tu future ages."

imperial court; and some who came to occupy civil or Claudius is said to have been so moved by these military posts in the island, or to transact mercantile words, that he pronounced their pardon instantly, and business, would surely know and feel some interest in ordered the chains to be knocked off the captives in the Christian religion. Still more probable does this his presence. Having received their liberty, they im. appear, as Claudius, the emperor,'had published a mediately presented themselves before the empress, decree, commanding “all Jews"' "to depart from giving expressions to their gratitude to her, who Rome,” Acts xviii, 2. This happened A. D. 53, the appears to have been their intercessor.

year before the death of Claudius, and the Christian Jews were consequently dispersed among the Gentiles

, as we see in the case of Aquila and Priscilla at Corinth, BRITISH ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. and some would probably carry the Gospel to Britain. No. II. Introduction of Christianity into Britain.

Aulus Plautius, it will be remembered, was the first

Roman governor in Britain ; and he had married DRUIDISM, the religion of our pagan ancestors in Pomponia Græcina, who is believed to have been a Britain, we introduced to our readers in Number 13 of decided Christian. Tacitus, a Roman bistorian of that the Christian's Penny Magazine. They will reasonably age, says, “ Pomponia Græcina, an illustrious lady, desire some information concerning the more interest. married to Plautius, who was honoured with an oration ing parts of our Ecclesiastical History: this we intend or lesser triunph for his victories in Britain, was to give in a series of papers,

accused of having a strange and foreign superstition; Christianity was introduced among the Britons in and her trial was committed to her husband. He, the Apostolic age. Of this there seems indubitable according to ancient custom, convened her whole family evidence, both from facts and testimonies ; though and relations ; and having in their presence tried her there exists no small measure of difference and of for her life and fame, pronounced her innocent of any monkish extravagarice in some of the traditions. thing immoral. Pomponia lived many years after

[graphic]

one

this trial, but always led a gloomy, melancholy kind of

THE BIRMINGHAM APPRENTICE. life.”

(Continued from vol. i, p. 229.) The exemplary innocence of Pomponia, and her abandoning the licentiousness and idolatries of the

His Religious Principles. imperial court, are characterized just as we might ex. Baptized and brought up, as his friends considered, a pect from a proud and philosophic pagan historian. member of the Church of England, William was Bat if this illustrious lady were a Christian, and accom. taught the Catechism ; and was able to repeat the panied her husband during his residence in Britain, Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commandments. from A. D. 43-47, she might be one of the first who But until after he arrived at manhood, he was unacbrought the Gospel into our country, and prepared the quainted with any one who was consistently religious; means for some faithful preachers of Christ.

or with any individual who was accustomed to observe Several of the family of Caractacus are said to have the daily worship of God in his family. embraced the Gospel at Rome; among whom, accord- From the little he had seen of the Methodists, during ing to the Welch Triads, was Bran, erroneously called his the few weeks he was in their Sunday school, he was father, who also had been carried with himn into cap- persuaded that some of thein were truly religious; and tivity. On this account, Bran was celebrated as all the silly opprobrium, which for years he had heard of the three blessed sovereigns ;” and his family as heaped upon them, was not sufficient to destroy the "one of the three blessed lineages of Britain."

respect for them which had been created by that short Caractacus was accompanied on his return to Britain, opportunity of observing them. by several Christian preachers, of whom, Ilid is sup- He was led to think highly of the Rev. E. Burn, posed to have been a Jewish believer ; and two others minister of St. Mary's chapel, whose son had been a are believed to have been Gentiles, whose names were school-fellow with William ; partly from the fact of his Cynday and Arwystli. Great success is said to have being accounted methodistical in his principles and attended their evangelical ministry; and many, as the preaching, and partly from soine circumstances' confruit of their labours, in the southern parts of Britain, nected with that gentleman publishing a funeral especially in Wales, became the disciples of Jesus sermon on the decease of the pious Countess of Burfort; Christ.

through which, William had a short interview with Claudia, a Christian lady enrolled in the inspired Mr. Burn. records, by the apostle Paul, 2 Tim. iv, 21, is thought to Though an ingenious mechanic, the master of Williain have been a daughter of Caractacus, left behind him at had in reality no religious principles; in relation to Rome, she having been married by Pudens, a person which, he was ignorant in the extreme. This will of senatorial dignity. Martial, a Roman poet of that readily be inferred from the fact of his not possessing age, celebrates her as an accomplished British lady, a single religious volume, except a Prayer Book, nor married to Pudens, who is believed to be the same a copy of the Holy Scriptures in his family, for several person whom the apostle mentions in the same pas- years after William was bound; and then his com. sage with Claudia.

inissioning a Jew, with whom he had frequent dealings, Many are exceedingly anxious to prove that Britain to purchase a good Bible, and to examine which, was honoured with the presence and labours of some of William, the apprentice, was called in for his opinion, the Apostles of Christ. Traditions, the most extraor- whether it were a proper and a good one! William dinary and absurd, have been handed down to our derived, therefore, no advantage in a religious point times respecting the apostles James, Simon Zelotes, of view, from any qualification of his master. Peter, Andrew, and Joseph of Arimathea, having Inquisitiveness was a peculiar feature in the mind preached the Gospel in Britain. These are unworthy of

of William : and his circumstances were in some our recording

respects calculated to provoke its exercise; for having Britain is, however, with good reason believed to felt the indispensable necessity of personal religion, have been honoured with a missionary visit from the he was exceedingly solicitous to ascertain what was great “ Apostle of the Gentiles.” Ancient and respec- the certain truth, according to the word of God, and table tradition exists, declaring that our island was what party, among the several denominations of provisited by Paul: and when we consider that he was fessing Christians, held its sacred realities in their liberated from his confinement at Rome, in the spring scriptural purity: of A. D. 63, between which, and the period of his William wished to be a churchinan; and he ardently death, A. D. 65, or according to some A. D. 67, he desired to find that the church of England was altomight take his long purposed' "journey into Spain," gether right, and that the Roman Catholics, the Me. as he mentions in his Epistle to the Romans, chap. iv, thodists, and the Dissenters were in the wrong. To 24-28; wbile in the west, as there is much reason to assist him in his investigation, he procured a copy of believe he made that journey, he could easily pass over the Manchester “ Young Man's Companion," which as the channel into Britain.

he had seen contained a mass of various and valuable Dr. Henry observes, in which we fully concur, In instruction, a branch of which, not the least valuable, a word, though it would be rash and unwarrantable in a was a sketch of the various religions embraced by modern writer, to affirm positively that the apostle different nations, and notices of the principal divisions Paul preached the Gospel in Britain, yet it is certaiuly of Christians, under their several denominations. This no presumption to affirm, that if any of the apostles was of considerable use to William, as most of the preached in this island, it was most probably the apostle information was entirely new, and it served to sharpen Paul.”

his disposition for inquiry, that he might obtain full satisfaction.

Observing his seriousness, and knowing that he was

fond of reading, one of his shopmates, an elderly man, “The entrance of Christ into a city, whether in but greatly addicted to excessive drinking, brought person or by the preaching of the Gospel, always makes William a book, which appeared to have been a trouble a stir. Some are moved by the novelty. Some, alas ! to him, as its possession carried condemnation to haby hatred and envy: and soine, blessed be God, are bits of intemperance: it was an old copy of the moved with joy and gratitude to God for sending His Rev. Mr. Hervey's Eleven Letters to Mr. Wesley, in blessed Gospel among them."

reply to the Observations of that gentleman on Hervey's

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