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PENNY MAGAZINE.

NO 49.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.

May 11, 1833.

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ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH AT ROME, AND THE TRIUMPHAL ARCH OF SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Rome is a theatre of the most inagnificent buildings the practice of virtue: but being converted to Chris. and antiquities. Among the forıner are conspicuous tianity, he renounced the profession of arms, was St. Peter's Church; and anong the latter, the Trium- baptized in the name of Christ, and embraced the phal Arches are remarkable, We have already pre- inonastic life. After passing some years in solitude, sented our readers with a view of St. Peter's Church he returned to Sabaria, and converted his mother, and at Rome (See No. 27), and with the Triumphal Arch with great zeal opposed the Arians, who prevailed in of the Emperor Titus, erected in honour of that con- Illyria, and by them he was publicly whipped. Martin queror destroying Jerusalem, and representing the afterwards retired to the neighbourhood of Poictiers, captives led in triumph, carrying the sacred furniture where he remained till he was chosen bishop of Tours, of the Temple. (See No. 19.)

A. D. 374. He built the celebrated inonastery of MarST. MARTIN'S CHURCH

montier, near Tours, between the Loire and a steep

rock, where he displayed the most exemplary sanctity. Is a splendid building, but it is doubtful whether a He afterwards became a missionary through France, faithful gospel sermon were ever preached within its diffusing the doctrines of Christianity among the walls. Probably our readers will be interested with heathen of that country, and destroying their temples. a biographical notice of the Saint, to whose honour the Martin was treated with distinguished honours by edifice is dedicated, rather than a description of the Valentinian, and the tyrant Maxiinus. He used his building.

influence in support of the persecuted Priscilianists, St. Martin is said to have been born A. D. 316, at while suffering from the bigotry of Ithace and Idace, Srbaria, now called Stain, in Lower Hungary. His bishops of Spain. He died at Candes, A. D. 397, or as father was a military tribune ; and Martin himself was others say, in 400. The Roman Catholics canonized obliged to carry arms, though he was greatly inclined Martin as a Saint ; and it is remarkable that he was to seek retirement, and to cherish peace. While a the first to whom the Latin church offered public military man he was eminent for his temperance and prayers, in their criminal idolatry. We cannot but Voli U.

V

believe that Martin was a inan of God, superior to For the convenience of marching these troops from many of his time, and zealous for the conversion of one part of the wall to another with greater ease and souls to Christ.

expedition on any service, it was attended with two

military ways, paved with stoues in the most solid and SEVERUS'S ARCH

beautiful manner. This prodigious wall proved an Was erected in honour of that emperor's conquest of impenetrable barrier to the Roman territories for nearly Parthia. Severus was an African, distinguished for two hundred years. But about the beginning of the his ambition, activity, and avarice. He was born fifth century, the Roman empire being assaulted on all A. D. 155, and died A. D. 211, at York. Our design sides, and their forces being withdrawn from Britain, will not allow us to give a detailed account of this re- this rainpart fell before swarmıs of daring Scots and nowned emperor, of whom it was said, as of Augustus, Piets. lis beauty and grandeur procured it po respect " It would have been better for the world had he never in the dark and tasteless ages which succeeded, and it been born, or had never died.” While Severus was became the common quarry for more than one thousand lemperate, and a professed lover of justice, in his years, out of which all the towns and villages around stoical virtue, it is said of him, “He never performed were built; and at the present day it is so entirely an act of humanity, nor forgave a fault.”

ruined, that the penetrating eyes of the antiquary can

scarcely trace its vanishing foundation ! SEVERUS'S WALL IN ENGLAND. Our readers will, however, be gratified by an account of the celebrated Roman barrier, erected under the THOUGHTS ON THE SACRED HISTORY OF direction of this emperor in Britain, as a security against the Caledonians, and called “ Severus's

THE CREATION. Wall." Spartianus, a Roman historian, speaks of this

(Continued from p. 141.) rampart in these terms: “He fortified Britain with a wall drawn across the island from sea to sea; which is A new systein of exterior figure, and a new species of the greatest glory of his reign. After the wall was beauty, arose to visible existence in the feathered crea. finished, he retireil to the next station (York), not only

tion. The birds eminently surpass all the marine classes a conqueror, but the founder of an eternal peace.

in their attractive appearance. Form, motion, and coRapin says, “The wall was of free stone, as is

lour, are the elements of what is beauteous in both certain from what is yet visible. In some places,

orders of being; but the lovely and the pleasing impress where the foundation was not good, they seem to have

us with more interesting effect in the sprightly tenants made use of oaken piles. The inner part of this wall

of the trees and air, than in the inhabitants of the seas. is filled with pretty large, and inostly broad and thin

Beauty is indeed ererywhere about us, and every mind stones, always sei edge-ways, somewhat obliquely.

may be sensible of it that will observe where it exists. Upon these the running mortar or cement was poured,

For our own sakes we ought to cherish a taste for it; and hy this contrivance the whole wall was bound as

for such are its soothing effects, that it cannot be anyfirm as a rock. These stones are supposed to have

where seen and felt without sensible pleasure. The been brought from Helbech-Scur on the Gelt and

bird classes partake of it so generally in some respect Leuge-Crug, as appears from an inscription on the

or other, that the rudest minds become milder or haprock that hangs over the Gelt. The wall generally

pier from their presence, in all climes and in all ages. ineasures ahont eight feet thick, and twelve high.

Wilson, in his American Ornithology, says, he has Upon the wall were placed castles, or Chesters, sixty

observed the rudest and most savage of the Indians feet square, about six and a half furlongs from each

softened into benevolence, while contemplating the inother, and turrets four yards square, about three

teresting manners of these innocent little creatures. hundred yards from each other. There seems to have

The plumage of birds is peculiar to their order, and been four turrets between every two castles. The

is remarkable for the skill and delicacy of its composi. ceptinels placed in the turrets being within call, the

tion. In the equatorial regions it is more rich and communication quite along the wall might be kept up,

splendid in its colours, yet always harinonizing in its without having recourse to the fiction of pipes laici

most contrasted tints, and in its lights and shades; and under-ground io convey the sound : though this seems

though the effect is sometimes gorgeous, yet it is nerer to be credited by Echard and others. It is observable,

tawdry. Birds also charm the ear as well as regale the that the legionary soldiers were employed in building

sight, and thus satisfy our two most intellectual senses. this wall, as they generally were in works of this

The music and the beauty do not always unite in the nature. This is evident from the Centurial inscriptions

same bird in equal excellence: our nightingale and on the stones of the wall, showing what part was built

peacock are instances of the separation. In the Indian by each Centuria.

hemisphere, both however are frequently combined; The length of this wall, froin Cousin's House near

and in North America, the bird that is called the Virgithe mouth of the Tyoe on the east, to Boulness on the

nian Nightingale, is also styled the Cardinal from his Solway Frith on the west, has been found from two

brilliant red plumage. actual mengurations to be little less than sixty-eight

The birds of song abound in every known country, in English miles, and a little less than seventy-four Roman

the new continent as well as the old one ; but as they miles. The usual complement allowed for the defence

are seldom found in the depth of dense forests, they are of this celebrated wall was as follows:

the more usual companions of civilized man: they fre

quent most the cleared and cultivated plains, as if to Twelve cohorts of foot, consisting of 600 men increase the number of human pleasures. Neither each...

7,200 childhood nor manhood can hear them with indifference: One cohort of mariners in the station at Boul.

their notes are everywhere a large addition to human ness....

600 gratification, and become connected with the sweetest One detachment of Moors, probably equal to remeinbrances of the most joyous seasou of our life. a cohort ........

600 It is an error to say that Nature has denied melody to Four alæ, or wings of horse, about 400 each... 1,600 the birds of hot climates, and formed them only to

please the eye with their gaudy plumage : Ceylon 10,000 abounds with birds equal in song to ihose of Europe.

seuse :

Birds are distinguished from all other creatures by scious of the number. There is no crowding, no con their power of supporting themselves in a medium so fusion, the enormous amount is nowhere visible to our light as air, when, by the laws of gravity, they would

we must search it out in order to know it. fall like a stone. This they effect by the amazing What but an alınighty sagacity, infinitely beyond the strength and moveability of their pectoral muscles, and highest expansions of human genius, could have arthe expansile form and peculiar texture of their wings. ranged such inexpressible multitudes of living beings Here again the most special and scientific calculation into positions, limitations, and habits, so wisely approare manifest to our consideration. No blind force or priated to each, so productive of comfort to every one, random power could here have availed : a deliberating and yet so conservative of the harmony, the order, and and knowing mind must have been their creator, com- the general welfare of the immense and multiform bining what we term mathematical and mechanical whole! science. The bodies of every species of birds differ in We may remark, that the bird mind displays all the weight and bulk; but in order that they may fly, and common faculties of aniinal intellect. Its meinory is remain suspended in the air while they do so, their tenacious: the bultinch never forgets the songs it has motive energies must be proportioned to their indivi- learned: most of the singing birds may be taught the dual gravity, and to the tenuity of the air : no general notes of others. But it is in their nests that they disfitness would do; each distinct kind must have allotted play the inost striking and varied indications of conto it a different degree peculiar to itself. So patient a triving and judging, and therefore of thinkitry intelcondescension of Almighty Power and Intelligence, lect; contined indeed in the extent of its operations, deigning to apply so much thought for the purpose of but resembling reasoning intellect within this compass. giving a multifarions variety to its creation, is far Their affection for their young, their anxious contrivbeyond our conception or panegyric. Yet it is an inn- ances to protect them, and little stratagems to mislead pressive testimony of his provident wisdom, acting for the marauder, evince feelings and mental activities anathe iustruction of his intelligent creatures.

logous to those of other reasonable beings. Birds surpass all other creatures in the faculty of continuing their motion without resting as well as in

(To be continued.) rapidity. The fleetest horse cannot run more than a mile in a minute, nor support that speed inore than five or six minutes : but the swallow does this for pleasure, for ten hours a day. Our carrier pigeons inove

THREE MONTHS IN JAMAICA, IN 1832, with at least half that celerity from one country to an- Comprising a Residence of Seven Weeks on a Sugar other; and the golden eagle is supposed to dart through

Plantation. By Henry Whiteley. the fiercest storm at the rate of forty miles an hour.

One of the most special appointments of the Creator Mr. WHITELEY arrived in Jamaica on the 3d of Septemas to birds, and which nothing but his chosen design ber 1832, being sent out by a respectable West India can explain, is, the law that so many kinds shall migrate house in London, under the patronage of a relative of from one country to another, and most commonly at his, who is a partner in that house. He was recomvast distances from each other. They might have been mended to a situation as clerk in a store, or a bookall framed to breed, be born, live, and die, in the same keeper upon a plantation : but the horrors which he region, as quadrupeds and insects do : but He has witnessed in the treatment of the slaves, and the shockchosen to make them travel from one climate to an- ing licentiousness of the whites, so disgusted him, that other, with incrring precision, from an irresistible he determined on returning. The first day he arrived instinct, with wonderful courage, and in a right and on the plantation, September 4, he saw six slaves never failing direction. They cross oceans without fear, brought up for punishinent ou account of an alleged and with a persevering exertion that makes our ex.. deficiency of work. “No question,” says he, hausting labours comparative amusement. Philosophy asked of the culprits themselves, nor was any explanain vain endeavours to account for the extraordinary tion waited for. Sentence was instantly pronounced, phenomenon. Warmer temperatures are not always and instantly carried into execution. the object of emigration : the snow bunting, though a The first was a man of about thirty-five years of bird of song, goes into the frozen zone to breed and age. He was what is called a pen-keeper, or cattle-herd; nurture its young. We can only resolve all these asto- and his offence was having suffered a mule to go astray. nishing journeys into the appointment of the Creator, At the command of the overscer he proceeded to strip who has assigned to every bird its habits, as well as off part of his clothes, and laid himself flat on his form, according to his good pleasure.

belly, his back and buttocks being uncovered. One of The quantity of individuals of the biril species at all the drivers then commenced Augging him with the carttines existing in our world, surpasses not only suppo- whip. This whip is about ten feet long, with a short sition, but even all power of human numeration. But stout handle, and is an instrument of terrible power. this surprising quantity of birds renders it necessary It is whirled by the operator round leis head, and then that the insect world, on which all the smaller kinds brougbt down with a rapid motion of the arm upon the feed, should be a thousand times more numerous. The recumbent victim, causing the blood to spring at every 2,000,000 of starlings usually resident in the United stroke. When I saw this spectacle, now for the first States of America, have been computed to consume of time exhibited before my cyes, with all its revolting the worms, caterpillars, &c. ou which they subsist, dur- accompaniments, and saw the degraded and mangled ing the four months of their breeding and nurturing victim writhing and groaning under the intiiction, I felt their young, about 16,000,000,000. And if a single horror-struck. I trembled, and turned sick: but being class of birds have this supply, all the other classes who determined to see the whole to an end, I kept my sta. use the same nutriment require as much. It is ob. tion at the window. The sufferer, writhing like a viously impossible to enuinerate the amount of the wounded worin, every time the lash cut across his body, creatures which are always existing on our globe, and cried out, “Lord ! Lord ! Lord! When he had repartaking of its produce in some way or other : yet so ceived about twenty lashes, the driver stopped to pull admirably are the whole placed and disposed, and so up the poor inan's shirt (or rather smock-frock), which carefully regulated and adapted, as to us and to each had worked down upon his galled posteriors. The suf. other, that we are neither disturbed by, nor even con- ferer then cried, “Think me no inan? Think ine no

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man?' By that exclamation I understood him to say,

PROLONGATION OF INFANT SLAVERY IN Think you I have not the feelings of a man?' The fogging was instantly recommenced and continued, the

ENGLAND. negro continuing to cry ‘Lord ! Lord ! Lord !' till

MR. EDITOR, thirty-nine lashes had been inflicted. When the man

That they who have been accustomed rose up from the ground, I perceived the blood oozing to do evil should learn to do well, has been pronounced out from the lacerated and tumefied parts where he hail by the highest anthority to be as impossible as for the been flogged; and he appeared greatly exhausted. But Ethiopian to change his skin, or the leopard his spots. he was instantly ordered off to his usual occupation. It is on this principle alone to be accounted for, that

“ The next was a young man apparently of eighteen the Factory Slaveholders should cling to the grasp they or nineteen years of age.

He was forced to uncover have fastened on the unfortunale children of their himself and lie down in the same mode as the former, countrymen, notwithstanding the universal cry that and was held down by the hands and feet by four slaves, has been rai ed against their nefarious and destructive one of whom was a young inan who was himself to be system. flogged next. This latter was a mulatto- the offspring, Long and lamentable experience has shown, that as I understood, of some European formerly on the when the love of gain once takes firm possession of the estate by a negro woman, and consequently born to heart, honour and conscience, the rights of man and slavery. These two youths were flogged exactly in the the laws of God, are alike sacrificed to the indulgence inode already described, and writhed and groaned under of the darling passion. The praiseworthy efforts made the lash, as if enduring great agony. The mulatto bled on behalf of the unhappy victims of the Factory Systein, most, and appeared to suffer most acutely. They re- have for the present been rendered abortive by the ceived each thirty-nine lashes. Their offence was some exertions of those interested in the continuance of this deficiency in the performance of the task prescribed to foul blot upon our Christian naine and character :them. They were both ordered to join their gang as and upon what plea? Upon the flimsy pretext of not usual in the afternoon at cane-cutting.

legislating without further evidence! Evidence indeed! Two young women of about the same age were, one Can volumes of new evidence set aside the value of after the other, then laid down and held by four men, that which is already recorded to the disgrace of our their back parts most indecently uncovered, and thirty- country? Will proof, if it be obtained, that A or B's nine Jashes of the blood-stained whip inflicted upon factory is properly conducted, have any tendency to each poor creature's posteriors. Their exclamation disprove the enormities already shown to exist ? likewise was ‘Lord ! Lord! Lord !' They seemed Would proof of my safe arrival at home last night also to suffer acutely, and were apparently a good deal avail in any degree to rebut the fact of another man lacerated. Another woman (the sixth offender) was having been waylaid and murdered? The pretence also laid dowu and uncovered for the lash; but at the is too contemptible to deceive the weakest mind, and intercession of one of the drivers she was reprieved. only shows in a clearer light the necessity of the law The offence of these three women was similar to that of sought for, hy the absence of any thing like a reasonathe two young men — some defalcation in the amount ble ground for its refusal. What need of all this ado of labour.

to show that factories are orderly and well-conducted “ The overseer stood by and witnessed the whole of establishments? If they be really so, the proposed law this cruel operation, with as much seeming indifference will not injure or interfere with them; if they are not, as if he had been paying them their wages. I was it is high time their abominations were put an end to. meanwhile perfectly unmanned by mingled horror and Of this we may rest assured, that no exposure will pity. Yet I have no reason to believe that the natural rescue the unfortunate children from the grasp of feelings of this young man (whose age did not exceed ava ce. The strong arm of the law alo can afford twenty-fuur years) were less humane or sensitive than them any effectual protection. Mammon never quits iny own. But such is the callousness which constant his hold of his victims but by force. To the honourable familiarity with scenes of cruelty engenders. He had merchants of Liverpool and Bristol, the clanking of the been a book-keeper, for four years previously, on an. chains on board our slave ships made delightful music. other estate belonging to the same proprietors, and had The callous West Indian Slaveholder sees nothing in been appoiuted overseer on this estate only a few the condition of the wretched Negro, but an enviable months before. His reception of me when I arrived state of easy servitude, and a comfortable provision in was so kind, frank, and cordial, that I could not have old age. Other honourable merchants find nothing amiss believed him, had I not seen it with my own eyes, to be in the horrid orgies of Juggernaut. And the Cotton capuble of inflicting such cruelty on a fellow-creature. Factory Slaveholder takes credit to himself for the

" As soon as this scene was over, the overseer caine employment he furnishes to his poor neighbours, and into the hall, and asked me to drink some rum and reads the inflated accounts that are published from water with him. I told him I was sick, and could taste time to time of the wonders of steam, and the importnothing: that I was in fact overwhelmed with horror at ance of the cotton trade, with feelings of pride in the the scene I had just witnessed. He said it was not a vast consequence he supposes it imparts to himself. pleasant duty certainly, but it was an indispensable one; All act from one principle: that love of inoney which and that I would soon get used, as others did, to such is the root of all evil, has blinded their eyes to the spectacles. I asked if he found it necessary to inflict miseries they inflict upon their fellow-creatures, and such punishments frequently. He replied it was uncer- rendered them deaf to the voice of humanity. tain: 'I may not,' he said, “have to do it again this I hope, Mr. Editor, the Christian public will not month, or I may have to do it to-morrow.'

suffer this pretence for delay to be any bar to their “This, my first full view of West India Slavery, oc- exertions against so monstrous an evil. Let us not curred on the 4th of Septeinber, 1832, between twelve cease for a moment to petition, and urge, and remonand two o'clock, being the day after my landing in the strate, and leave no lawful means unresorted to for the island, and within an hour after my arrival on the overthrow of an abomination lamented by every humane plantation."

miod at home, pointed at with scorn abroad, and which We recominend all our readers to procure a copy of must be abundantly provoking in the eyes of Him to this Tract for preservation, as an illustration of West whoin the cry of the oppressed is never raised in vain. Tudia Slavery.

Anniversaries of Religious and Bonevolent

Dr. Pinkerton assured the meeting that the govern

ment of France, having thrown off Popery as the estaSooieties.

blished church, was favourable to the admission of the

New Testament as a school-book. May this glorious WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

cause prosper throughout the world, till “ all flesh shall This valuable Society held its anniversary at Exeter see the salvation of God!” Hall, on Monday, April 29, the Right Hon. Lord Morpeth in the chair. After singing the 100th Psalm, and

CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. prayer by the Rev. J. Entwistle, a very interesting Report of the Society's labours and successes during the On Tuesday, April 30, the Thirty-third Anniversary past year was read by the Rev. J. Beechain and the Meeting of this excellent Society was held at Exeter Rev. Ř. Alder; from which it appeared, that there are Hall. Prayer having been offered up by the Secretary, in the schools in the Wesleyan Mission 27,676 children Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart, was unanimously called to the and adults, of whom 4,571 are slaves. The contribu- chair. The Secretary read an abstract of the Report, tions for the past year amounted to 47,7151. 128. 7d. full of interesting details of the progress of the instituibeing the largest amount yet realized from the ordinary tion. The receipts of the Society during the past year, sources of the Society.

ending March 31, were 48,6001.; to which benefactions It will be truly gratifying to every real Christian to for special purposes heing added, the whole amount find the increasing catholic spirit which prevails in this, would be 49,3001. being an increase of about 7,8501. as it advances we trust in every other Missionary society. on the receipts of the preceding year. The Bishop of This is evident from the speakers being of different de- Chester, the Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel, the Bishop nominations. The resolutions were moved and seconded of Lichfield and Coventry, the Rev. Hugh Stowell, the by the Rev. J. Hannah, of Huddersfield, Methodist ; the Bishop of Winchester, the Rev. E. Bickersteth, the Rev. G. Claytou, of Walworth, Independent; Captain Marquis of Cholinondeley, the Rev. G. Hazlewood, the Pakenham, R. N. Churchman; John Hardy, Esq. M.P. Rev. H. Venu, and the Rev. E. Ward, advocated the Recorder of Leeds, Churchman; Rev. P. Duncan, Wes. claims of the Society with much zeal and eloquence; leyan Missionary from Jainaica ; H. Pownal, Esq. after which this interesting meeting was closed by singChurchman; T. F. Buxton, Esq. M. P. Churchman ; Cap. ing, “From all that dwell below the skies,” &c. tain Fenton, M. P. for Huddersfield; the Rev. R. New- We were particularly impressed with the speech of ton, President of the Methodist Conference; Thomas the Rev. B. Noel. “Let the ineeting,” said that eloGuest, M. P.; the Rev. E. Ryerson, Missionary from quent clergyman, “ consider what was the present ex. Upper Canada; Lancelot Haslope, Esq. Treasurer of tent of missionary labours, or rather of missionary the Society; and J. Heald, Esq. of Stockport. The means, in the whole Christian world. He ineant, of inost delightful spirit of Christian piety and zeal seemed course, Protestant missions. The entire number of to pervade the meeting, and a determination to pursue clergymen einployed in those labours throughout the the glorious work, depending on the gracious influences world, did not exceed 600; and if to these were added of the Holy Spirit.

400 laymen, they would have an aggregate of 1,000;

and these were the whole to preach the Gospel to the BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.

heathen world, comprising 600,000,000 of souls. That

was, there was one missionary to every 600,000 heathens. The Twenty-ninth Auniversary of this great Institution What would the Meeting think of one clergyman for was held at Exeter Hall on Wednesday the 1st of May. the entire principality of Wales ? - or two for the whole The chair was taken by the Right Hon. Lord Bexley. metropolis? - or four for Scotland ? — or only twenty An abstract of the Report of the Society being read, it for the whole island ? — for that was about the

proporappeared that the cause of the Bible is gloriously pro- tion. What, he would ask, could be expected from the gressing in almost every part of the world. A measure exertions of that number of clergymen spread over so of gloom seemed to be thrown over the meeting by the large a sphere of action ? Where the means were small, announcement, that the receipts of the Society were how was it possible to expect great results? We should less by about 60001, this year than the last; but the rather be thankful that so much was done with such friends of the Bible seemed alive to the interests of the small means at our disposal. Let them suppose the Society; acknowledgments of too little zeal were made missionary at Benares, where there were 300,000 ido. on the part of some of the speakers, and professions of laters. After the missionary had mastered a language more determined devotedness to promote its prosperity. so very difficult and so widely different from his own, Several donations were sent up to the chairman during what was he alone to do in a city crowded with Bramins, the meeting, one of 1001. another of 501. and several of whose belief in their own faith, if it was not one of con101. as evidence of a resolution to make up the defi- viction, was upheld by their interests ? - But there was ciency. The meeting was addressed by the Bishop of another difficulty which the missionary had to enWinchester; Joseph John Gurney; a member of the counter. It was, that even where he might produce Society of Friends; Dr. Cox, a Presbyterian minister conviction on the mind of the Hindoo, the convert was from America; Shepherd, Esq. of Frome, we deterred from an open profession of Christianity, as it believe a Baptist; Rev. J. Entwistle, Methodist; Dr. would take him from his family and his friends, and Pinkerton, Agent to the Society at Frankfort; Hon. and cast him out on the world. Under such circumstances, Rev. Baptist Noel, Minister of the Episcopal chapel, the missionary at Benares would despair if he were not Bedford Row; Dr. Morison, of Chelsea, Independent; upheld by confidence in Him in whose cause he had

Plumptree, Esq. M. P. for East Kent; Rev. D. embarked. It was that alone that could sustain him in Wilson, Vicar of Islington; Lord Mountsandford; and his task, rather than any appeals from the Society at the Bishop of Chester,

home, however strong or affectionate. Were they not Scriptural, elevated piety appeared eminently to per- then too sanguine in their expectations of what could be vade the minds of the speakers: the communications of done by individual exertion? - They had an encourageDr. Cox of New York were peculiarly gratifying ; espe- ment in the great increase of their funds in this year. cially relating to the progress of religion in America, But their funds came from probably 3,000 churches in and the printing at the American Bible Society's esta- the country. Why should not each church exert itself blishment at New York of a thousand Bibles per day! to give an increased stimulus to missionary exertions ?

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