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“THE GREAT RIVER, THE RIVER EUPHRATES." What is Life? 'Tis to exist

GEN. XV, 18.
As man when first created breath'd;
While he in Edeu stood the test,

COMMERCIAL and political interests render it desirable
Ere Sin and Death were yet conceiv'd.

to establish an overland route to India. On these ac. When he was tried, to God he died :

counts various surveys have recently been made of the Then pride and poverty had birth,

Red Sea, the river Nile, and the “great river, the river Then desolation fill’d the earth.

Euphrates.” Captain Chesney, of the royal artillery,

has recently submitted to the Government * Reports of Spirit of the living God ! Thou alone canst change the heart;

the Navigation of the Euphrates.” The Eclectic Re

view for March says, “ The feasibility of opening the Faith in the Redeemer's blood

Euphrates for steum navigation, which this gentleman Bestow, and we shall share a part In better things than earthly kings

(Captain C.) has satisfactorily established, is a circum

stance replete with interest, independently of its imIn their pomp and power have known,

portance in connection with an overland communication When they filld the proudest throne.

with India. This venerable river, so long lost to civiliThou, who o’er chaotic night

zation, and scarcely better known to Europeans than Mov'd, and chas'd the gloom away;

the Niger itself; is found to be free from impediments Who spoke at first, and there was light;

to steam navigation throughout the year up to El Oos, Thou must in this latter day

a distance of nine hundred iniles; and for nine months Renew the mind, restore the blind,

of the ycar is without any serious obstruction as high The dead in sin Thou must awake:

up as Bir (or Beer), only twenty hours N. E. of Aleppo.” Spirit! Thy sceptre Thou must take, And wield it over this dead earth;

“BECAUSE As Thou hast promis'd in Thy word,

LOVE THE CAUSE OF CHRIST." From west to east, from south to north,

Sitting with the Committee, at a meeting of the Home Proclaim that Jesus is the Lord.

Missionary Society a few weeks ago, an extract of a The Jew shall kneel, the Greek shall feel,

will was read, of a person who died in Gloucestershire, The nations flock around His throne,

May 7, 1831. The wording of this passage was so And Sin and Death no more be known.

beautiful, and the sentiments it contained so correS. HOPKINS.

spondent with the principles of a professor of the gospel of Christ, that I was induced to transcribe part

of it for the Christian's Penny Magazine. It may inEASTERN ILLUSTRATION OF I KINGS XVIII, 44. duce others to “go and do likewise," of which they will ** Behold, there ariseth a little cloud out of the sea; like have cause to rejoice through eternal ages. — THETA. a man's hand.”

“Because I love the cause of Christ, I wish not to die The Turks are supplied with water by large reservoirs without promoting it: I therefore give and bequeath in the mountains in the neighbourhood of Constantino- Fifty Pounds to the Treasurer of the London Missionary ple, originally constructed by the Greek emperors. The Society, for the benefit of that Institution ; and also the embankinents of these reservoirs are planted with trees, same sum to the Home Missionary Society, for the to make them more firm and secure; and persons are benefit of that Institution.” prohibited under the severest penalties from taking water therefrom, or digging up any of the trees.

The summer of the year 1822 was remarkably dry, ON CHARACTER, AND GENTLENESS. and the water in the reservoirs became low and muddy,

“We seek in vain for any basis of confidence, wbere and the Turks took the alarm. Judge of the conster

there is no manly firmness, no strength of resolution, nation of a whole city, suddenly deprived of an element

no decision of character, no steady uniformity of conessential not only for domestic, but religious uses, and

duct. A quaint but ingenious author coinpares such having no other possible mode of obtaining it. Prayers

men to osiers, which are unfit to become either pillars were offered up in the mosques, and the sky was anxiously watchied. The immutability of things in the in the state or pillars in the church.

“True gentleness is founded on solid principle. It east, and the illustrations they give to the writings of

does not resemble the ivy, creeping round a rotten former times, is not the least pleasure a person expe. trunk, or a heap of mouldering ruins; but the vine, riences in these countries. The approach of rain is always indicated here, as it was in Syria, by the appear

spreading its beautiful tendrils and ripening clusters

along the wall of a stately and substantial mansion. ance of a small dark dense cloud hanging over the sea.

So far is the candid and decided Christian from conÁ dervish stands on the top of the Giant's mountain,

founding truth and error, that he carefully sifts and and when he sees a cloud he announces its approach,

separates them; and after receiving cordially the grand like Elijah from the top of Mount Carmel. I one day

doctrines of the Gospel; be maintains them to the last, followed to the same place, and saw the dervish on the

whatever abuse and persecution he may incur. This watch, and “I looked towards the sea, and beheld a

steadfastness, joined with a mild and pleasing condelittle cloud rising out of the sea, like a man's hand, and

scension, constitutes the strength and beauty of the gat me down that the rain stopped me not.” In effect,

believer's character. The Christian has a great Master it immediately followed, and the Turks were relieved

in heaven to serve, and he dares not offend Him by from a very serious cause of anxiety. - Rev. R. Walsh.

truckling to the wayward humours and low passions Usefulness of Studies. Studies are useful only as

London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court, they tend to some practical purpose in life, and conso

Fleet Street ; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post pald) lation in death. They should tend to the expansion and should be addressed; - and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the

United Kingdom. the government of our own minds, to the benefit and pleasure of our fellow-creatures, and entirely to the

Hawkers and Dealers Supplied ou Wholesale Terms, in London, by STEILL, S. M. H.

Paternoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; F. BAISLEA, 124, Oxford Street; and W.N. BAKER, 16, City Road, Finsbury.

of men.

glory of God.

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Greenwich Hospital, the celebrated asylum of British seainen, the ornainent and glory of the empire, is believed to be the most magnificent and splendid fabric in Great Britain. Napoleon Buonaparte is said to have proposed making it his palace, in the event of his succeeding in his projected'invasion of England. Happily for the aged mariner, Divine Providence defeated his project of ambition, and this noble pile is still dedicated to benevolence.

Originally, this building was a royal palace, erected by Huinphry, Duke of Gloucester ; enlarged by Henry VII, and completed by Henry VIII. Greenwich Palace was generally occupied by the latter monarch, us his town residence; and this was the birth-place of our famous Queens, Mary and Elizabeth. After this period, Greenwich Palace became greatly ueglected ; but Charles II pulled it down, and began another, the first wing of which, that nearest to London, waz magnifi. cently finished during his life, at an expense of about 35,0001. under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren.

William Ul and his pious queen Mary took a most lively interest in the British yailors, and they granted Greenwich Palace, with vipe acres of land, for a hospital, as an asylum for those aged and infirm seamen, who inight be disabled and unfit for service. King William, on the death of his excellent queen, Dec. 28, 1694, determined on extending this new establishVol. II.

ment; and having appointed, Oct. 25, 1695, a number of commissioners, for directing the building and endowing the intended hospital, granted a large sum out of his civil list for that purpose. His royal successors were considerable benefactors to this noble work Parliament al length granted annual suins towards finishing this glory of Great Britain, and it was completed in the reign of George II.

Greenwich Hospital consists of four grand divisions corresponding with each other, and though separated, they förın one entire plan, leaving a spacious square in the centre. The front to the Thaines consists of two ranges of stone buildings, having a terrace along the river of about one thousand feet in length. Those ranges which face the area are built in a more elegant style, having beautiful domnes at their ends, which are one hundred and twenty feet high, supported on conpled culuinns.

Greenwich Hospital Chapel. Under one of these domnes is the Hospital Chapel for the seamen, and which will accommodate about 1,200 with sittings, besides the officers and servants of the establishment in a cominodious gallery: but the tasteful and sumptuous ornaments and decorations, render it perhaps the most elegant place of worship in the kingdoin. The religious regard paid to the seamen



may be estimated by our observing, that Divine service is wich Hospital, and shall receive the same benefit from performed in the Hospital Chapel every day, except it as if he had been in the immediate service of his Saturday, so far as relates to reading the Cominon Majesty. Prayer: and on Sunday, Prayers are read twice, with It will be manifest to any observer of these favoured a sermon in the morning. Besides which, Prayers are men, that many of them are as happy as it is possible read every Sunday, at the Infirmary Chapel, between to make them, under the excellent regulations which the bours of service at the Hospital Chapel. The are established in the Institution: at the saine time, officiating clergymen are

having no employınent, many of them are seen ram. The Rev. Samuel Cole, D. D. First Chaplain.

bling about in Greenwich Park, Blackheath, and their The Rev. D. Lloyd, Second Chaplain.

vicinities, as if they were truly wretched. Some few of

them are indeed studious and intellectual men; and for Religious liberty is happily enjoyed by these

their amusement and edification, a valuable Library honoured men : and those who choose may claim their

has recently been established, furnished with a useful privileges as Dissenters. By an esteemed officer in the

collection of books and newspapers. There is also a establishment we are informed, that all, who do not

valuable Medical Library. declare themselves bona fide Dissenter3, are considered members of the Church of England; and that about

Greenwich Painted Hall. two hundred and fifty profess the Roman Catholic Under the other dome is the famous Painted Hall. faith, and are led out by a boatswain of their own per- This magnificent apartment was originally employed suasion, to their Romish Chapel in Greenwich, while

as the refectory for the pensioners and their officers; about fifty Dissenters are allowed tickets to repair to but when the increase of the Hospital's revenues led to their respective places of worship. We remember

a proportionate augmentation of the number of its having met with, a short time ago, a cheerful, active old veteran of the latter class, above ninety years of age,

inmates, the space was found inadequate to their ac

commodation. More convenient dining - halls were whose conversation indicated all the evidence of intelli- provided elsewhere; and this beautiful building, not gent and scriptural piety. He was a member of the

surpassed by any in this kingdom, was left unoccupied church under the pastoral care of the Rev. H. B. Jeula.

during almost a century. At length it was proposed, It deserves also to be stated, that the most respectful permission to Dissenting ministers, to visit any of their

in the year 1823, to appropriate this noble suite of Aock in seasons of sickness in the Hospital, is granted

apartments to the formation of a Gallery of Paintings,

and other objects of art illustrative of the patriotic serby the governors and officers of this noble Institution.

vices of the Royal Navy of England. Its justly-celeGreenwich Hospital contains 2,710 seamen, besides

brated ceiling, and other ornamental paintings on its the officers, consisting of a Governor, Lieutenant Go

walls, executed by Sir Jaines Thornhill, in 1708 and vernor, four Captains, and eight Lieutenants.

subsequent years, gave to the whole a character pecuSir R. G. Keates is Governor.

liarly appropriate for such a destination. The plan, Sir Jahleel Brenton is Lieutenant Governor. having received the sanction of the Commissioners and First Captain, William Edge.

Governors of the Hospital, was at once honoured with
Second Captain,
Robert Larken.

the cordial patronage of his late Majesty King George Third Captain, Thomas Huskisson.

the Fourth, who, with that promptitude of liberality Fourth Captain, Daniel Woudriffe.

which ever distinguished him, gave immediate direcThe Medical department consists of

tions that the extensive and valuable series of portraits

of the celebrated " Flag-Men” of the reigns of King A Physician, Sir William Beatty, with one assistant.

Charles the Second and King William the Third, in the A Surgeon, Sir Rich. Dobson, with three assistants.

galleries of Windsor Castle and Hampton Court, should A Dispenser, and three assistants.

be transferred to Greenwich Hospital as the first contriThe average deaths amongst the seamen is about five bution to the intended collection of Naval Pictures. per week, and they bury on Tuesdays and Fridays. His late Majesty was graciously pleased to add soon

“ Each of the 'mariners has a weekly allowance of after to this munificent donation, several other paintings 7 loaves, weighing each 16oz.; 3lbs. of beef, 2lbs. of from his private collection at Carlton House. mutton ; a pint of pease; Iflb. of cheese; 2oz. of "The

generous example of our deceased Sovereign butter; 14 quarts of beer; and 18. a week tobacco was promptly followed by many noble and other liberal money : the tobacco money of the boatswains is 28. 6d. benefactors to the Naval Gallery, whose names are and that of the other officers in proportion to their recorded in this Catalogue of Donations *; and thus in rank; besides which, each cominon pensioner receives, a few years the walls were adorned with the portraits of once in two years, a suit of blue clothes, a hat, 3 pairs our celebrated naval commanders, and representations of stockings, 2 pairs of shoes, 5 neck.cloths, 3 shirts, of their actions. and 2 night caps.

“The Upper Hall, originally allotted to the table of The revenues of this establishinent are very conside- the officers, being on all sides decorated with allegorical rable. Besides private benefactions, to the amount of paintings, has been recently made the repository of nearly 60,0001. the British parliament, in 1732, settled some articles of interest presented by his present Ma!pon it the rents and profits of the vast estates, which jesty, viz. were forfeited by the attainder of James late Earl of “ Several Models of Ships: the Coat worn by Sir Derwentwater, and Charles Ratcliff. The value of the Horatio Nelson at the battle of the Nile: and the Larl's estates were then estimated at 60001. per annum, Astrolabe of Sir Francis Drake, a curious instrument but the property of the Hospital is now impensely of antique fashion, used for nautical observations." great. In addition to which, every seaman, both in the The PICTURES, one hundred and twenty-five in num. rüyal navy and in the merchant service, pays sixpence ber, have all been gratuitously presented to the Hospiper month towards the support of Greenwich Hospital. tal, without any charge upon its revenue ; and it is

By an act of George II, it was provided, that all “computed that nearly fifty thousand persons now anseamen in the merchants' service, who shall happeu to nually visit this splendid edifice." The charge for be maimed in fighting in defence of any ships belonging admission is only three pence, and the profits are approto British subjects, or in taking any ship from the enemy, priated to the support of the Hospital and Schools. shall be deemed eligible for admission intu Green.

See the Catalogue, published April 3, 1833.

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Should any of our readers be induced to visit this noble

Letters to a Mother, upon Education. place, we entreal them not to choose Monday or Tuesday in Easter or Whitsun week, as theu a class of per

LETTER XXIV. sons crowd that vicinity in such multitudes, as make the moral part of the inhabitants dread the name of

On learning to write. Greenwich.

Dear Madam, Greenwich Hospital deserves further notice, on ac

Your son having, as I will presume, count of its excellent Schools for the support and cdu- learned to read, he must also now learn to write. Both cation of the children of British seamen. In that for these attainments, if deferred till the proper period, training boys for intelligent and scientific mariners, and pursued by proper means, might be accomplished there are 800; and in that for the educating of girls in six months. They might at least be attained as far there are at present 200. All things considered, there as it respects the elementary knowledge of these arts, is not an establishment in the whole world to be com. further improvement being left to experience. Withi pared with Greenwich Hospital; and this “glory of regard to learning to write, the system which obtains Great Britain,” we rejoice to know, originated in the at present seems capable of improvement. Upon the personal piety, the scriptural, Protestant Christianity, of principle that every difficulty should be obviated in the King WILLIAM AND Queen Mary!

acquisition of learning as far as possible, and that the
infant should be conducted by gentle and successive

transitions to perfection in any of the arts or sciences FUNERAL OF THE LATE REV. JOHN THEODORE

wbich may be taught him, I think that pen and paper BARKER.

and ink ought not to be the instruments adopted at the This beloved minister of the gospel terminated his very commencement of the undertaking of learning to pilgrimage, April 3, 1833, aged seventy-three years. write. Writing is nothing more than drawing. LearnHe had been the upright and faithful pastor of the ing to write is learning to draw. The letters adopted in church assembling at High Street Meeting, Deptford, writing are the copy, and the expeditious and perfect during the extended period of forty-nine years; and,

imitation of these is the attainment proposed. What by the grace of God, uniformly adorned the doctrine are the proximate means for this purpose? I own that which he had preached with considerable success.

I think, with the Lancasterian system of education, His funeral excited a considerable sensation in the that the fore-finger is the natural pen of the infant, and town, and the greatest respect was paid to his memory that the best method of learning to draw the letter at by a large concourse attending. To meet the wishes of first, is with the finger upon sund. many of the poorer

members of his fock, six of whom, The first advunce upon this should be, hy repeating the at their particular request, carried the corpse to the same process with a slate pencil upon a slate, then with a grave, a walking procession was determined ou. Four- lead pencil upon paper. By these successive advance. teen ministers attended, to testify their respect for their ments to the art of writing with a pen, a tolerable facia late friend, one of them remarking concerning him, lity in iinitating the letters will be acquired, unimpeded "He was a living epistle of brotherly love, known and by thc difficult task of learning to hold the pen, the read of all men.” The Rev. Messrs. Chapman and danger of blotting the paper, and the miserable imitaJeula, of Greenwich, in their robes, preceded the tions of the copy, which render learning to write upon corpse; and the Rev. Niessrs Freeman, Belcher, Budding- the common method a task of tears and anxiety to ton, James, Timpson, and Rose, were the pall-bearers. many a child. I believe that the task is of this muurn

The chapel was crowded, and multitudes were unable ful nature generally. Boys in a school, who have little to gain adinittance. The Rev. Mr. Chapınan (instead dread of their daily tasks, look forward to the days of of Dr. Collyer, who was prevented being present by the week, or those hours of the day, when the writingindisposition) offered prayer; after which the congrega- inaster comes, with peculiar perturbation, owing to the tion sung Dr. Watts's hymn, Why do we mourn

formidable and difficult nature of the employment. Boys departing friends ?” and Mr. Chapman then read too will bear witness, that in schools generally there is I Thess. iv, 13 to 18; and I Cor. xv, 12 to 58; and de- a more awful glooin over them on those occasions; there livered an address to the mourning asseinbly, beariug is generally more corporeal punishinent, more chiding, testiinony to the excellence of the principles and cha- and reproaches from the master. The chief causes of racter of his departed friend, and urging every one these unhappy circumstances are, that the boys have present to seek an increasing acquaintance with those made mistakes, blotted their books, or written their glorious doctrines of Christ, by which believers triumph copies badly. But surely a little reflection will show, on earth, and enter the kingdom of heaven. Another

that these are excusable faults, since they may be rehymn, “ Guide me, 0 thou great Jehovah,” having ferred to the mode of instruction adopted, rather than been sung, the Rer. Mr. Freeman offered up a most to any negligence on the part of the children. A boy solemn and instructive prayer. The corpse being con- learning to write upon the usual method has to attend veyed to the vault under the chapel, the Rev. Mr. Jeula to the following things all at one time: that his copydelivered a short and suitable address at the grave, and

book be laid straight, that the complex position required concluded with prayer. Many, it is believed, will long

from his body be correct, that he holds his pen proremember these edifying services, and every one say

perly, that he should keep a perpetual regard to the in truth, “Let me die the death of the righteous, and copy, strive to imitate it as well as he can, and yet keep let my last end be like his !”

his copy-book free from blots. On the other hand, an On the following Lord's day afternoon, the Rev. infant who learns to write on the method before adDr. Collyer preached the funeral sermon for his late verted to, haz but one thing at a time to attend to. His beloved friend and fellow-labourer, to the inourning own finger is an instruinent that is a part of himself, church and congregation.

The Rev. H. B. Jeula com- flexible in any direction at his own command. The menced the service with reading and prayer, and the

sand he cannot blot: should it be musmooth, one stroke Rev. W. Chapman concluded. The hymns were given of the stick, or one pressure of the board, renders it out by the Rev. Mr. Pullen, who we understand will correct in an instant. He has only to look at the letter succeed Mr. Barker in the pastoral office. We earnestly to be copied, and to do his best to imitate it. The pray that he may be furnished with a double portion of same inay he said when he writes next with a slate the Holy Spirit

pencil. There is no fear of blotting : the position in

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which he must bold the pencil, is an introduction to the THOUGH'IS ON THE SACRED HISTORY OF true position of holding the pen. When he comes to

THE CREATION. write upon paper, he will have acquired such a degree (.f self-command, as may render the additional acquisi.

(Continued from p. 115.) tion not burthensome. When he comes to write on paper The next product of the creative energy, which the too, he need not go through the preliminary progressions Divine wisdom was exerting, was the formation of that of straight strokes, pot-hooks, rouuel o, &c. but he will aërial expanse which we call the atinosphere, and the lie prepared to write letters and words at once. The elevation of a large portion of the watery element into system of writing upon lines should be adopted only the state of clouds and vapours to float in the upper when he comes to write upon paper. With regard to regions. This operation divided the waters into two excellence in penmanship, as it is called, it has long portions, as well as two states: the state of water in the appeared to me, that it is often pursued when the seas is as dissimilar to its state in clouds, as if they attainment is hopeless; and that when gained, except were unrelated substances. Vapour and water would to those who are to be draughtsmen, teachers of not be imagined to be the same thing, if we did not writing, &c. the attainment is not worth the pains know their relationship to each other: but the quantity usually bestowed upon it. If your son has a natural of each may not greatly differ, for it is hardly possible inclination to penmanship, delights in it, and resorts to to conceive the enormous amount of this fluid which is it, and inakes evidently great progress, then it might always suspended or moving in the airy regions above not be improper to indulge him in his having les- us. The quantity of water which falls in rain and dew sons from good masters, with a view to superior ex- in England and Wales only, has been calculated in one cellence. On the other hand, if he evidently does not year at 115,000,000,000 of tons. From the seas, rivers, care about it, does not give proofs of natural ability lakes, and rivulets, it is ever ascending by evaporation for it after a certain time, I hold that all attempts into the atmosphere, to change again, and fall down in to communicate the attainment in high perfection dews, fogs, and rain. Here again another proof occurs will be in vain. Yet how often have I seen father and that our creation has heen the product of an intelligent mother grieving that their son was not a good writer, Mind, carefully adapting his agencies to the phenomena that there was no prospect of his ever becoming so, and they were to cause; for unless the ascending vapours that others of his schoolfellows wrote much better. The had been duly balanced with the descending rain, and poor lad, in the mean time, who may perhaps possess an unless the fitted ineans were constantly in action to intellect too expanded or exalted to adınit the patience occasion a constant evaporation of sufficient amount to needful for the acquirement of such a mechanical per- rise into the skies, and other effective causes as unceasfection, feels degraded, discouraged, undervalues him- ingly operating to make the elevated vapour descend in self, becomes cowardized, unfriendly, callous, and the needed showers, the vegetable and animal world deceitful! Why will not the parent be satisfied, after would want that essential element, without which they proper trials, that writing is not his forte? Why not could not subsist. Let us suppose for a moment that endeavour to discover the latent talent which he assu- this evaporation was to cease, and let us contemplate redly possesses for something else? Why browbeat the the consequences. No more rain or dew could fall: poor child for something for which he is not responsible? the springs would cease to flow : the rivers would be A sensible parent would not lie grieved at such a circum- dried up: the whole water in the globe would be accu. stance. Yet how many a parent of the old school mulated in the ocean: the earth would become dry and deemed fine writing indispensable to his complacency parched: vegetables, being deprived of moisture, could in his son! and how many a boy has been tormented no longer grow: the cattle and beasts of every kind and spoiled, in intellect and temper, because the down. would lack their usual food: man himself would perish: strokes, the up-strokes, and the turns of his letters, the earth would become a dull, sterile mass, without and above all the grace, elegance, and size of his capi- one ļiving creature to wander through its frightful tals, were all outdone by some envied schoolsellow! deserts ! We may add, that as the whole water of the The one lad had what the painters call an eye, the other globe accumulated in the ocean, it would soon flow had not, and that is the whole secret. Except in the over the land, and cover it with a universal inundation. casc before supposed, of an inclination and of the abi. It is evaporation which now prevents the catastrophe of lity of success being early developed, the parent should another deluge. he satisfied if his son attains a good legible hand-writing: The next process of the forming globe was the re. All beyond is useful to those who are to earn their moval of the waters that were flowing over its general living by fine writing, and to them alone.

surface into those united inasses which we denominate If your son forms his letters perfectly and distinctly, “Let the waters under the heaven be gathered this is enough. Unless, in consequence of inclination together unto one place, and let the dry land appear," and ability early displayed, you intend him for a designer was the command, and the consequence was that the of ornamental writing, it appears to me that the plain watery element assembled on one portion of the earth English land is all that he need learn. Accordingly, into seas, while the rest of the carth became habitable under such circumstances, all learning of German text, ground. No detail is given of the movements by which engrossing, flourishing, &c. &c. is a useless waste of tiine. this mighty result was effected. Vast ranges of mounShould he ever need such things, he will at any time tains and rocks are now seen standing in various regions learn any of them in two months. Besides, they will terd as bigh above the common ground as the depths of the to spoil his hand-writing. The great rule of utility is ocean seem to be below it. The surface of the earth the rule of learning to write. Let then your son obtain arises in some parts into high table land, but the genea facility of writing the most usuul forms of the letters, ral level of both land and sea is now nearly the same. legibly and swiftly, and all the rest may be safely left The ocean is therefore obviously occupying cavities to his natural inclination, or to the requirement of cir- equal to its bulk of fluid; and the supposition seems to cumstances. He has learned to communicate his ideas be not unreasonable, that in order to form these hollow by writing, and to read the ideas of others when com- spaces, the inountain masses were raised up. The mean wiunicated to him in this form, and this is enough. depth of the Atlantic ocean is computed at three miles, I am, dear Madain, yours, &c.

and that of the Pacific four miles. The state and phe

nomena therefore of our stupendous mountains favour CLERICUS.

the idea, but the Mosaic record has given us no infor.


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