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colony, to be instructed in reading, writing, and the population amounted to about 17,000; and which accounts, and also to be brought up in the Christian was still increasing by the addition of negroes liberated religion.

from the slave ships. Three towns alone contained All these delightful prospects, however, were nearly 5643 inhabitants, exclusive of the military. Schools destroyed by the hostile ieet of the French Convention, have been established in the colony , in which were in September 1794. The French burnt all the public about 3000 scholars, including all ages, and both buildings, and the houses of the Europeans, after having plundered them of every thing valuable. Mea- The Report of the Church Missionary Society for sures were taken by the directors to restore the colony, 1831, says of the West Africa Mission, "There were and to prevent all such calainities in future.

at the various settlements, according to the last Re. The Church Missionary Society commenced a Mis. turns, 674 communicants; a number somewhat less sion in 1804, by sending two German Missionaries to than that of the preceding year.” It adds concerning the Soosoo country and the Bullom shore, in the this difficult field of labour—“Taking all things into vicinity of Sierra Leone ; and in 1806 they sent two consideration - the ignorant state of the people when more of these devoted men. Progressive advancement they arrive- the habits to which they were for many was made at Sierra Leone ; and the Rev. Melville years addicted — the frequent removals of those to Horne, having returued from this colouy, where he whom they were accustomed as their spiritual pastors, had been chaplain, preached for the Church Missionary either by death or by other providential circumstances Society the annual sermon in 1811; when, by his MUCH, VERY MUCH, has already been done in the eloquent and faithful appeal, the directors were led to colony, by the instrumentality of those frail men that relinquish their former stations, and to determine on have been employed in the work.” establishing a Mission at Sierra Leone.

The Schools at this period contained 1351 boys, 778 Regent's Town, a part of which is represented in our girls, 231 youths and adults : total, 2360. engraving, is a principal station of the Society: it was Besides this colony of Great Britain, it ought also commenced in 1813, when the negroes were in a must to be remembered, that the Ainerican Colonization deplorable condition. In 1816, the assistant secretary Society has founded the colony of Siberia, on the same of the Society, then on a visit to the Mission in coast; and that at several places along the western Western Africa, found about 1100 liberated negroes coast to the Cape of Good Hope, there are stations collected at this spot. Many of them had only just belonging to the Moravian, Wesleyan, Scottish, and been landed from slave ships, and were in a state of London Missionary Societies; all of which are more the most extreine wretchedness : but those who had or less the means of benefiting that deeply injured been there for some time were improving, and the country with the increasing blessings of civilization and Governor had them employed in buildi.g a church, pure Christianity. hoping soon to be favoured with a resident missionary. In our next Number we shall lay before our Readers This desire of the governor was met in the appoint- some “Historical Notices of Negro Slavery," to which ment of Mr. W. Johnson, who had lately arrived for we claim their serious attention. It is high time for that field of labour.

all who “profess and call themselves Christians” to The report of the Society states, “On looking bestir themselves on a question which involves the narrowly into the actual condition of the people en- dearest interests of millions of the huinan race; and to trusted to his care, Mr. Johnson felt great discourage- lend their aid in removing from our beloved country ment. Natives of twenty-two different nations were a load of guilt, which must eventually bring down the here collected together, and were in a state of con- vengeance of Him whose ears are ever open to the cry tinual hostility. When clothing was given to them, of the destitute and oppressed. they would sell it throw it away. All the blessings of the marriage state and of female purity appeared to be quite unkuown. In some huts, ten of them were

IMMORALITY OF THE WEST INDIAN SLAVE. crowded together; and in others, even fifteen and twenty: many of them were ghastly as skeletous; six

HOLDERS. or eight sonetimes died in one day; and only six NEGRU SLAVERY, we rejoice to perceive, is engaging the infants were born during the year. Superstition, in virtuous part of the British community to utter loudly various forms, tyrannized over their minds; many an expression of abhorrence of its enormous crimi. devil's houses sprung up; and all placed their security nality. We cannot stain our pages with a detail of the in wearing greegrees (or charins). Some would live existing abominations which defile the West Indian in the woods; and others subsisted by thieving and islands ; nor even hint at them," except so far as is plunder.?

necessary to illustrate the divinely beneficial labours of Mr. Johnson says, “Though I had heard much of the injured Christian missionaries. the misery of the Heathen, I never could have imagined Dr. Williamson, a medical gentleman, who resided that they were so cruelly treated by slave dealers, as some years in Jamaica,' says, The manner in which I found the poor creatures liberated from slave vessels the Sabbath is spent will appear extraordinary, and had been." This devoted man gave himself to his very contradictory to the duties inculcated on that day. arduous work, and soon saw the fruit of his toil. In A great market is kept by the negroes, which is in 1820, the Report says, “A church had been building, truth also a market for the whites. The merchants which, when finished, contained 500. It was filled as attend at their stores and counting-houses. On that soon as opened. It was then enlarged for 700; and was day prayers are read; and it would be gratifying to again filled as soon as upened. One Sunday the add, that the subject' was attended to." With deep Governor, seeing no room in the church, said," : We regret it has often fallen toʻny lot to see the service of must take one end of the church down, and make it the church of England carelessly run through by the as large again. This was done, and it now contains reverend meinbers of its owu community, and as in1300 people; and, for two years, it has been crowded differently attended to. It were perhaps well, in a every Sunday three times a day.'

comparative point of view, if that were all; for not Mr. Johnson, with Messrs. Flood and Palmer, was only is the crime of inattention prevalent, but contempt

. removed from his earthly scene of operations by a for religion is openly avowed by a great proportion of fatal disease, which visited the colony; at which period the white population; and it is only shaken, in some instances, by irreligious conduct on the part of the souls ! So mnighty and rapid a change has no parallel whites. Those negroes who have conformed to Chris- in history! tianity by getting baptized, are in general exemplary, A hundred years ago, the inhabitants of all the and inuch improved in the principles of morality. countries subject to Christian governments throughout The propriety of matrimony is seldoin impressed upon the world, probably did not exceed 200,000,000; and of their minds by the clergy, or any white person. Indeed, these, the far greater part were subject to the powers the latter themselves show the example of a libidinous course acknowledging the supremacy of the Pope. The Moof life which can scarcely be justified among savages.

hammedan powers of Turkey, Persia, and India, still Dr. Williamson's testimony is abundantly confirmed ranked among the most potent arbiters of the destinies of by the most respectable and unimpeachable witneșscs : the human race. India, and, with the insignificant excepbut for the information of our poorer readers, we tion of a few maritime settlements, all Asia, were under particularly recommend the Anti-Slavery Reporter for Mohammedan ur Pagan sway. All the religions missions 1831 and 1832. These cheap Tracts, drawn up with in existence (the Danish mission in Southern India the greatest care and ability, by the most intelligent excepted) were in connection with the Romnish church, persons, detail atrocities, cruelties, and impurities, and supported by Popish states. The Inquisition had characterizing the white inhabitants of the West Indies, its colonial tribunals at Goa, and Mexico, and Bogota. sufficient to rouse the indignation of every virtuous The only religion that was not disseminating itself, mind, against a system so utterly repugnant to every was the Protestant faith. Mark the revolution which principle of Christianity, of righteousness, and of na- the last thirty years has èffected: how striking the tional policy

contrast ! Seduction is considered no crime in Jamaica by Slow depopulation and internal decay, or foreign the people generally! We cannot refrain froin giving conquest and the dismemberment of einpire, have been one illustration of this : “An authentic statement of the reducing the strength, and contracting the dominion, baptism of illegitimate and legitimate free children in of almost every Mohammedan and every Romish the different parishes in the island, in 1830), as taken power throughout the world. The only states that from the registry in the bishop's office in Spanish Town have materially extended their liinits, and added to (see p. 24). The account is confined to the free, their strength, are, Great Britain, the American there being no slave children that can be called legiti- Republic, and Russia. These three powers, one of mate! Legitimate, 380; Illegitimate, 958; Total, which had no political existence, and the other two 1,338." Anti-Slavery Reporter, Feb. 1832.

could number between them only about 28,000,000 In such a state of society, can any one be surprised of subjects, have now under their political sway not at the treatment the Missionaries have recently received less than 228,000,000! If the subjects of Russia are in Jamaica ? This system of West Indian Slavery for the most part sunk in barbarisin and superstition, must necessarily be a curse to our country; and its final they are at least withdrawn from the hopeless bondage extinction ought to be effected immediately, and the of the Romish yoke. But, besides this, the other Promost enlarged opportunities possible afforded to Chris- testant powers of Europe, instead of about 20,000,000, tian Missionaries, to make known to the injured and have now upwards of 42,000,000 of subjects ; so that, oppressed the unsearchable riches of Christ for their added to those which acknowledge the sceptre of salvation, as the means of averting the just diapleasure Great Britain, they greatly outnumber those of all the of Almighty God!

Roman Catholic states. The latter coinprised a popu. lation of about 135,000,000, including France; but France is no longer to be numbered with the kingdoms

of the Popedom. Throwing it into the opposite scale, A CHRISTIAN SURVEY OF THE WORLD AS

the comparison will stand thus :-
INFLUENCED BY GREAT BRITAIN.

Roman Catholic States of Europe. 78,500,000
Ditto of America

23,500,000 Let us look at the actual possessions of Great Britain. In territorial extent, the British empire, inferior only to that of Russia, is almost three times as vast as that

102,000,000 of imperial Rome. The area of the Roman empire is estimated by Gibbon at 1,600,000 square miles. That

Protestant States of Europe and America, 207,000,000
France .....

33,000,000 of the British is supposed to be 4,457,000 miles. Russia covers

Russia

62,000,000 a thinly-peopled surface of nearly 6,000,000. Next, let us compare the population of the ancient and modern empires.

302,000,000 That of ancient Rome is probably under-rated at 120,000,000, it may have amounted to 150,000,000, or 170,000,000. Among Although this table will give no correct idea of the the existing empires, China, with its (supposed) comparative prevalence of true or false religion, it 175,000,000, takes the lead. And which is second? speaks volumes as to the decline of the Papal supreGreat Britain. In less than a hundred years, the inacy, the most formidable obstacle to the spread of population included in the British islands and its the Gospel. Of the 80,000,000 under the European dependencies, has, by the great expansion of our Romish states, more than one half are under the Indian empire, risen from 13,000,000, to upwards of dominion of Austria, emphatically characterised as the 150,000,000, or more than a sixth portion of the last crutch of the Papacy, the grand barrier of human human race. If to this we add the empire of the improvement, the enemy of the best hopes of man. American republic, which has grown up within the kind. last half century from the British colonies, and by The total number of those who profess the Romish which the English language, laws, and religion, are faith, we have no correct means of estimating. The being diffused 'over the Westeru world, we shall have late M. Malte Brun, the French geographer, supposed an area of 6,500,000 square miles, under the dominant them to amount to uot more than 116,000,000, which influence of one nation - a nation originally confined seeins much too low; since, although there are many to a small island in the German Ocean --- with an ag- Protestants, Greek Christians, and Jews, within the gregate population of not less than 165,000,000 of dominions of the Romish powers, the nuinber of

Roman Catholies in the British, Prussian, and other

NOTIONS OF THE NEW ZEALANDERS, non-Romish states, is very considerable. The Greek Christians he estimates at 70,000,000; the Protestauts, RESPECTING DEATH AND A SEPARATE STATE.. at 42,000,000; the Jews at 5,000,000, the Moslems, at 110,000,000; the leathen at 310,000,000. These They say, that, at the death of a chief, his soul goes to numbers are but a very rough approximation to the

the Treaingha at the North Cape; and sometimes comes fact; and the total falls very short of the actual popu

to speak to the relations left behind, in their dreams. lation of ile globe. The lowest calculation (that of

They ask the spirit if he has seen all their departed 750,000,000. Of these, about are

seen themand they are all subject to Christian government; about 80,000,000 10

and fight, plant kumeras (sweet potatoes), have abunMohammedan rulers; and about 280,000,000 to the

dance of provisions, &c. in the other world. When a Pagan powers. The Christian governinents, to whom

chief dies, he' becomes an atua: his relations lament have been consigned almost the whole of what the

over the corpse, and pray that he will make clear and Mohain medan and Pagan powers have lost, are either

straight the road, and provide a place for them. The Protestant or Greek.

atua comes up the ladder to the top of the Treaingha, Nor is this all. Although the Romish religion

at times ; and sits, and looks toward the place where maintains for the present the ascendancy in the new

he died, to know if his relations have performed the states of South America, they are for ever alienated

customary ceremonies : if these have been neglected, from the Papal power. Their separation from Spain

the atua is angry.

Six or seven months after the and Portugal has not only shorn those monarchies of all

death of a chief, the body is taken up by his friends, their glory, but has deprived them of the means of

and dressed in clean mats, his hair combed, and his recovering their former rank among the states of

head anointed with oil, and dressed up with white Europe. Owing, too, to this impoverishment, and the

feathers, when they lament over it: the body is moved fall of Popery in France, all the Romish missions in

several times, from one place to another : at last it is India, Persia, Syria, Egypt, and Africa, are upon the

put into a caye, never more to be moved ; and then all point of extinction, or at least in a state of utter in

their crying and ceremonies are over. efficiency and decay. Everywhere an open field has heen prepared for the exertions of British Christians ! , The sudden reappearance of the primitive zeal for

" That a man who lives in sin should be wretched is evangelizing the world, tends to fill the inind with the no wonder; froin the same principle as God is the brightest expectations. “The languages of the East centre of happiness, so it is no marvel that a man who have been mastered; and those which had never before is travelling from God should find the opposite of hap. been the mediuin of a ray of religious truth, have piness." been forced to speak in the words of God. Two independent versions of the Scriptures iu Chinese, by Prutestant missionaries, have excited the astonishinent and

ON PRAYER. admiration of the literati of Europe. In the instances

Preven is the soul's sincere desire, of the Berber, the Amharic, and the Peruvian, the

Utter'd or unexpress'd; means by which versions of the New Testament in these

The motion of a hidden fire languages have been obtained, are almost as extra

That trembles in the breast. ordinary as the facts themselves. Now, uulcss wo were to look for a seconil bestowment of the miracy.

Prayer is the burthen of a sigb, lous gift of speaking foreign tongues, it might seem

The falling of a tear, but fitting, and even necessary, that the preparation of The upward glancing of an eye this philological apparatus, the translation of the

When none but God is near. Scriptures into these rarious dialects, which is but a Prayer is the simplest form of speech removal of national obstacles in the way of spiritual

That infant lips can try; triumphs, should precede the rich effusion of the

Prayer, the sublimest strains that reach Pentecostal spirit.”

The Majesty on high.

Prayer is the Christian's vital breath,
PIOUS INGENUITY TO SECURE THE POSSES-

The Christian's native air,
SION OF THE SCRIPTURES.

His watchword in the hour of death,

He enters Heaven with prayer.
A few years ago an Irishman, who had been brought
by the Spirit and grace of God to see the value of the Prayer is the contrite sinner's yoice
Holy Scriptures, actually copied with his own hand, in

Returving froın his ways; the hall of a nobleman, the whole New Testament, for

While angels in their song rejoice, his own use; which being done, the devoted servant of

And say—“Behold, he prays.Christ was presented with a splendid Bible, in ex

In prayer on carth the saints are one, change for his own manuscript, which, we believe, is

lu word, in deed, in mind, possessed by the British and foreign Bible Society.

When with the Father and the Son During the persecution of the Nonconformists, in

Sweet fellowship they find. the reign of James II, one of those zealous confessors copied out the whole Bible in short-hund, for his own

Nor prayer is made on earth alone : use, fearing the re-establishment of Popery and the

The Holy Spirit pleads; suppression of the Holy Scriptures !

And Jesus, on th' eternal throne,

For sinners intercedes.
Mr. Harris, a London tradesman, whose sight de-
cayed, procured the whole New Testament, except the 0, Thou, by whom we come to God,
Book of Revelations, and also the Book of Psalms, to

The Life, the Truth, the Way,
be written with white ink on black paper, in letters an The path of prayer thyself hast trod;
inch long', that he might enjoy the consolations of the

Lord, teach us how to pray ! gospel of Christ.-- See our first volume, page 219.

J, MONTGOMERY.

Letters to a Mother, upon Education, avoided by adherence to the preceding directions. In a

word, never pay a child by any means whatever for LETTER XII.

doing what is right. Be exceedingly sparing even of On Industry.

praise. A thirst for applause is thereby created, and Dear Madam,

this leads to vanity and all its evils and miseries. Let The inportance to a child of indus- his reward be the quietude and the domestic peace contrious habits no person can doulit. Industry is the source sequent upon order, duty, and regularity. Let him of eminence in any pursuit ; of personal and domestic grow up in the exhibition of every duty as silently as comfort, and is closely connected with the principles of the flower expands in your garden. As he advances, morality. The idle are rarely virtuous in any one par- let the employments you assign to him be suited to his ticular: the hubitundly industrious seldom .grossly im- understanding. Always let them be intelligent. Allow moral. The importance of attention to this subject in no kind of toys. Increase and cultivate his acquaintance reference to your child is augmented by the fact, that with the qualities of the external world, and with the although something like a natural turn to industry now names of things. As soon as may be, give him tools. and then meets us among mankind, yet that in the vast Let him have a piece of ground to cultivate. Should he ipajority of the human race there is a native inherent exhibit a taste for drawing, let it be gratified to the anil powerful disinclination to labour, whether with the utmost, and especially in drawing from nature. hody or with thc mind. “Idleness,” says Dr. Johnson, With regard to literature, although I hope to offer " is the base of human nature Ít is also plain, that you some observations upon it in future Letters, it is by far the greatest proportion of mankind have been so now needful to say, that no child ought ever, if possible, imperfectly imbued with habits of industry, that they even to see a letter till he is seven years old. When his seldoin do more in their several pursuits than they are seventh birth-day is turned, then teach him the alphabet obliged to do, and that, in consequence, they fail of at one lesson, which you will readily do by keeping his that

degree of excellence and of usefulness which might attention to it for three or four hours. This was the reasonably be expected froin them. How many persons method of the mother of the celebrated Wesleys. This there are who exert themselves sufficiently to keep want was the time she chose for commencing the literary from the door, and having reluctantly performed this part of education. Her sentiments on this subject were proportion of labour, at once seek the more attractive precisely those of the celebrated tutor of Alexander the pursuits of dissipation, or the relief of perfeçt indolence! Great. In the life of that hero, lately published in the In reference to the sulject of religion, the effects of in- Family Library, you will find it stated, that Aristotle dolence are still more evident and pernicious. Of all forbade attention to letters till after the first seven the varied characters of inankind, this is one of the years, considering that those years were best employed most hopeless. What can be expected, where the inen- in the establishment of perfect health and strength of tal effort even to learn the truths of religion is detested, body and mind, and the knowledge of the objects of the and the diligence in duties which it demands is still senses, To me the rule appears invaluable. Be content spore intolcrable. There are of course different degrees then that other children should be able to say their of indolence in different characters; but in whatever catechism and repeat hymns at three years old, which proportion it may exist, it is attended with these and a they cannot understand. Do not be moved from your variety of other evil results. It is important therefore rule by the popularity of some little prodigy, who is to the temporal and everlasting welfare of your

child, brought into the room to recite, or who can tell you all that he should be a sincerely industrious man.

But he the names of the kings of England. All this is like hotis chiefly dependent upon you for the acquisition of this house fruit, out of season, and never palatable or useful. quality. Like every other good habit, the foundation Be you content to wait for the slow growth of real of it inust be laid very early.

excellence. The unhappy children to whom I allude The habit of early rising, to which I adverted in a are peculiarly liable to early death, or ill health all former Letter, has an intimate connection with it. As their lives. Not unfrequently do they turn out incura

bly should have also daily assigned to him little employments, make the sagacious observation, that those children suited both in duration and in difficulty to his immature were too clever to live in this world, or wisely moralize powers, which he should be expected punctually to upon the illusory nature of earthly things. But to these fulfil. As soon as he discovers taste, or a sense of dis- results the parents themselves have unconsciously continction between different employments, so as to prefer duced. Moral habits and health, and amusements conone to another, let his employments correspond to his nected with them, are the only appropriate objects of inclinations as much as possible, provided they be useful attention during the first seven years of a child's life. and proper. Yet whatever may be the object of his

od mi antiw yetu

I am, dear Madam, &c. attention, let it be your invariable rule to expect him

பin tas Suives

Clericus. to persevere till it is performed. If you uniforinly adopt this rule, if you never froin the first allow him to taste the fatal pleasure of leaving one pursuit unfi.

WISE COUNSEL FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT.-Banish all

malignant and revengeful thoughts: a spirit of revenge nished and sauntering to another, he will never even desire it. In inculcating habits of perseverance, or any

is the very spirit of the devil; than which, nothing other good habits, let your rule be unalterable. Let it

makes a inan more like him, and nothing can be more be your law, and calmly and perseveringly expect it to

opposite to the temper which Christianity was designed bę obeyed as a matter of course. Accordingly, avoid

to promote. If your revenge be not satisfied, it will all kinds of inducements and persuasions with him to do

give you torment now; if it be, it will give you greater bis duty: Nothing can be inore pernicious than the

hereafter. Noue is a greater self-tormentor than a mahabit of inducing a child to do what promotes his

licious and revengeful man, who turns the poison of his welfare by entreaties, expostulations, promises, and

own temper in upon himself.-Mason on Self-Knowledge. rewards. There is something in our nature which is Human AccountABILITY.— Every individual should peculiarly averse to compliance under such circum- bear in mind, that he is sent into this world to act a part stances. An intelligent child hates to be coaxed or in it: and although one may have a more splendid, and wheedled into his duty: he would infinitely prefer to be another a inore obscure part assigned him, yet the actor of driven to it. Both the one and the other inode may be cach is equally, is awfully accountable.- Mrs. H. More.

[graphic]

manner.

CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF ROMANS IX, 3.

what has been done. "But no casc of the kind is to be

presumed, nor is such a meaning to be admitted, unless " For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ, for the general construction of a passage renders the ad. my brethren," &c.

mission necessary.

“Secondly, the admission of it here ruins the meaning Scarcely any passage of the Holy Scriptures has been of the passage altogether. It is introduced in this more strangely mistaken than this. Distressing in a

I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, ay high degree, have been the exercises of mind expe- conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost.' rienced by Christians, in the hour of temptation, in Now what is the assertion, to gain credit to which these reading this verse: as if it required, on the part of threc declarations, two of them attended with all the believers, a willingness to endure eternal misery in a solemnity of an vath, were made? It is found in the state of separation from Christ, for the sake of others. following verse; I have great heaviness, and con

No one surely will now suppose that it is presumptuous tinual sorrow of heart.' Can it be imagined that to make an objection to the English translation ; for in St. Paul would think it necessary or proper to preface reality, the improper rendering of the Greek has been this assertion in so solemn a manner ? Was it a the occasion of its painful misapprehension. Though matter even of surprise, that a person afflicted and not marked as such, the sentence is evidently paren- persecuted as he was, should be the subject of such thetical; which is a peculiarity in the style of the sorrow? Could the apostle nced the aid of a triple apostle Panl, and of which we have many instances in declaration and a double oath, to make this assertion this epistle to the Romans. See chap. i, 2–13;

ii, believed? And if these were not necessary, can he be 13–15; iii, 5–8; v, 13–17; vii, 1; ix, 11. The supposed to have used them for such a purpose, or for words, "For I could wish that myself were accursed any purpose whatever? from Christ,” are not by any means essential to the "As this cannot have been the Apostle's meaning of apostle's argument in that very interesting connection ; this passage ; so, happily, that meaning is sufficiently but were added, in a parenthesis, to encourage the obvious. St. Paul, it is well known, was considered Jews in seeking mercy after his example. (See I Tim.i, by the Jews as their bitter enemy; hating their temple, 12—16.). Laying aside for a moment the difficult worship, and nation ; and as conspiring with the clause, the argument of Paul will be seen in all its Gentiles to subvert all those which they esteemed their beauty and simplicity; while the dignity and sublimity best interests. This prejudice of theirs against him of the sentiments, which the passage contains, per- was an immense evil: for it not only obstructed powerfectly accord with the most enlarged measure of Chris- fully, and often fatally, the success of his evangelical tian knowledge and charity.

labours among the Gentiles; but in almost all instances Omitting that fearful clause, the section will stand prevented the Jews from receiving the gospel. This thus :--" I say the truth in Christ, I lie 'vot, my con- evil the Apostle felt in all its furce; as he reaches us science also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, on many occasions, by endeavouring earnestly to clear that I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my himself from the imputation. The present is one of heart for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the those instances : and the meaning of the passage is flesh; who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the rendered perfectly clear and highly

important, when it adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the is considered in this manner, and the propriety of the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the solenn preface with which it commences is fully promises; whose are the fathers, and of whom, as con- evinced. The words rendered, "for I could wish that cerning the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, God myself were accursed from Christ, ought to be inblessed for ever.

Amen." Rom. ix, 1-5. Here we cluded, as they plainly were intended to be, in a parenbehold unity, beauty, and a connected train of ideas, thesis. The passage truly translated in this manner, altogether worthy of an apostle of Christ.

will run thus:- 1 say the truth in Christ, I lie not, That which appears to be the genuine sense of this my conscience also bearing ine witness in the Holy passage, we have never seen exhibited in so striking a Ghost; that I have great heaviness, and continual sor. point of view as it is given by the judicious Dr. Dwight. row in my heart (for I also wished myself separated In his admirable discourse on resignation, he introduces from Christ), for my brethren, my kinsinen according this text, as alleged by some, to prove that willingness to the fesh." That the Apostle had really this sorrow to suffer perdition is a part of Christian resignation.- and heaviness for his nation, he knew would be doubted Having considered and answered the objection arising by some, and disbelieved by others. He, therefore, from Exod. xxxii, 31, 32, the Doctor says,

“ The other naturally and properly appeals to God for the reality passage is Rom. ix, 1-3; I say the truth in Christ, I of his love to them, and for the truth of the declaration Jie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the in which it is asserted. To show his sympathy with Holy Ghost, that I have great heaviness and continual them in their ruined state, he reminds them that he sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself was once the subject of the same violent unbelief and were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kins- alienation from Christ; and that then he earnestly men according to the flesh.” Here it is supposed, chose to be what he here calls anathema, justly that St. Paul declares himself desirous-or, at least, rendered in the margin, separated from Christ, just

for the sake of rescuing his brethren, the Israelites, froin would naturally be believed to feel deeply the concerns their ruinous condition. But I apprehend the apostle of such as were now in the same condition ; and would says no such thing ;-for,

therefore allege this consideration with the utmost “ In the first place, the declaration in the Greck is not force and propriety." - Dright's Theology, vol. iii. I could wish, but I wished: not nuxoopery, the optative The Rev. Mr. Toplady's criticism is iü accordance mood; but nuscopane, in the indicative. The apostle, there- with Dr. Dwight; and heing short, we present it to fore declares a fact which had taken place, not the state our readers. “This seemingly difficult text is rendered of his mind at the time present, nor a fact which might , perfectly easy and clear, — first, by inclosing part of it take place at that or any future tiine. I do not deny in a parenthesis ; — and, secondly, by attending to the that the indicative is soinetimes used for the oplative, tense of the verb nuyounv, mistakenly translated, I could or, as it ought to be here understood, in the potentiul wish. sense, to denote what could have been done, instead of “I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in

as

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