Page images


It came instantaneously, pouring on and pervading the THE CREATION.

terrestrial mass; and the operations of this beautiful

element, whose penetrating, universal, and marvellous (Abridged from Dr. Sharon Turner's valuable work.)

agencies are yet so little understood, fulfilled its Author's The Sacred History of the World is built on the grand

wishes : “God saw the light, that it was good." truth expressed in the first verse of the Pentateuch :- From light we cannot separate the recollection and “In the beginning God created the heavens and the companionship of heat: they are now found to be so earth.” This is the foundation of all religion, whether generally co-existing, that they are thought to be mo. popular or philosophical. The intellectual world pos

difications of the same element. Fire is luminous heat, sesses an invaluable treasure in this simple but empla- or heat in the state of light: the sun's light has the tic information. It is invaluable, because it is a fact

effect of both heat and light. All flame froin all comwhich could certainly only be known to us from revela- bustible bodies, our domestic fires, volcanic light, the tion, as no huinan eye could have witnessed the event; electrical lightning, all these exhibit both light and and because the greatest men of antiquity were in doubt

heat. The Hebrew word used by Moses expresses both and darkness, and in opposition to each other on this light and fire. The interior of the earth, as far as it is subject, as we should still be if the book of Genesis had yet known, exhibits everywhere the agency of light and not descended to us.

heat, either in their combined operations of ore, or in Instead of deriving the world from God, it was more

other modifications. Submarine yolcanoes are still common among the classical nations to derive their gods occasionally bursting up as indications of the fiery from the world. Several pagan nations, even in our agencies yet acting beneath our surface. Thus the own times, thus account for their existence: few have Mosaic record expresses the truc principles of our geothought the Deity to be the Creator of the earth or of logical formations. They have proceeded from the the heavens; and the mind had become so confused on

action of the water or the fiery element, or are the the point, that it was more generally supposed that they

alternate effects of each. We learn from the book of were either eternally what they were then seen to be, Genesis, that these were active agents at the very comor that they had been created by a fortuitous concourse

mencement of creation. Water began its operations as of self-moving atoms. Such ideas were highly patro- the Spirit of the Creator directed : light descended imnized in ancient times ; and until Christianity diffused mediately afterwards, and with its attendants, heat and the knowledge and authenticity of the Mosaic records as fire, exerted its powerful agencies. Thus the great to the origin of things, nothing was positively known scientific truth, after many contending systems have or rationally believed about it. The more we investi, been overthrown, that both the watery and fiery elegate the conflicting and chimerical opinions of mankind ments were actively concerned in the geological conon this great topic, the more we shall appreciate the struction of our earth, is indicated by the Mosaic nar. first chapter of Genesis. On no subject of its thought ration, instead of being inconsistent with it. has the human mind been more fantastic, than in its The next act of the Deity was to make a boundary or suppositions on the origin of the gods whom it chose to division between the visible presence or action of light worship, and of the material world in which it was re

and that darkness which arises from its disappearance siding. Revelation has banished these, by giving us ---calling the one day, and its absence night. Their the desirable certainty.

succession was made to constitute that portion of time The process of creation in the primitive construction which we designate by a natural day: "the evening and of our earth, has not been detailed by the Hebrew legis- the morning were the first day." Our earthly day is lator. He mentions no inore of its massive composition that space of time in which our globe turns once comthan this short sentence: “The earth wa3 without form pletely round. This section of time does not depend and void ; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. upon

the sun, nor arise from it: being only a rotation And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the of the earth, it could occur as well without a solar orb waters.” The earth was “ without form ;" it had there- as with one. The annual circuit, or a year, which is fore to be put into form; its material substance had the completed orbit of the earth round this luminary, been created, but not arranged into any specific forma. could not take place without a sun; but a day requires tion : it was also “ void,” that is, empty, vacant of all the existence and revolving motion of the earth alone. that now adorns its surface, or that was afterwards made This is mentioned by Moses as beginning before the sun within it: it had to receive and be replenished with all was made the centre of our astronomical system : and those additional and organized things and beings, or

as this fact denotes tbe diurnal movement to be distinct more specific metals and minerals, which were intended from and independent of the sun, it is another instance to be within and upon it. As “ darkness was upon

of the correctness of the Mosaic account. The first the face of the deep,” there was in its primeval state a

rotation of the earth round its own axis made the interdeeper abyss, a vast obscure concavity; and as

the val of the first day; and each subsequent revolution Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters,” its constituted the several days that succeeded: nor can surface must have been covered with the sea. Thus the rational conjecture assign any reason for this daily first state of our earth which is noticed to us after the movement, except the commanding will and exerted general creation, is that of a dark mass unforined and power of the Divine Creator. Nor is it a mere revoluvoid, and an abyss within, and whose surface was move tion alone which makes our day; but it is a revolution ing waters, but on which the Divine Spirit was operat- with that particular, specifically assigned, and limited ing. The effects of this operatiou are not stated: but yet marvellous velocity, with which it has ever been we may presume them to have been the production of performed. To occupy that portion of time which those arrangements which constitute its present struc- composes our day, it must move precisely and with ture, its great masses of rock and strata, its geological constant, undeviating exactness, at the rate of about system and construction.

one thousand miles an hour, or above sixteen iniles At this point of time, when its specific composition every minute - a stupendous celerity for a massy globe was taking place, the Divine command was issued for nearly eight thousand miles in diameter! A greater the appearance of light. The introduction of this grand velocity would make our day so much the shorter; agent of the creative process is mentioned with that slower progress would as inuch prolong it: but this sublimity of diction which arises from the conciseness revolving progress has been continued for nearly six of dignity — " And God said, Light be: and light was." thousand years with a precision which has never varied ud although it is desirable to refer all phenomena to ants, petty as they are in size and appearance, perform Natural causes whenever they can be discerned, yet for actions, possess and preserve institutions, and display the performance and limitation of this amazing rotation faculties and capacities, which seem on the whole pot no other origin can be alleged thap the Divine choice to be inferior to those of any of the animal orders ; and ordination. The two largest of the other planets indeed superior perhaps to what is known of any. roll round their axes in about half the time that our One kind of these are peculiarly useful to mankind in earth takes ; and so onigbt we have done; but for pur- consuming animal and dead matter, which in warmer poses unrevealed to us, but most probably in special climates would become a pest lential putridity *.-Sharon adaptation to the nature, formation, and benefit of all Turner's History of the World. the beings that have been created on it, and to the fittest action and succession of light and heat, it revolves as * The termites, or white ants, are peculiarly active and serit does. And one of the most satisfactory evidences to

viceable in this respect. Nor is there any set of insects whose our admiring reason, that our earthly system is not a

economy is more perfect; they exist together in kingdoms, and

build cities, which are extremely populous. Mr. Smeathman inedley combination of accidents, but the composition has described the bellicosus species in the Philosophical Transand arrangement of an intelligent Creator, arises from actions, from his observation of them in Africa. They build a that universal adaptation of all its parts and inovements

cone rounded at the lop, four feel high, and of great extent. to each other, and to the agencies and welfare of the

The walls are of clay, and so strong as to bear the weight of the whole, which become the more manifest to our enlight

heaviest animals. These contain vast departments. That in

the centre, is for the queen and her attendants, who are scarcely ened judgment, the more they are studied and under- fewer than a hundred thousand. They exist in the classes or stood.

forms of labourers and soldiers. Whe their cities are broken (To be continued.)

open, the soldiers march out with impetuosity, and attack every thing that comes in their way. Wherever they strike, they draw blood, and frequently beat off the bare-legged Negroes.

As soon as an assailant is withdrawn, the labourers issue EXTRAORDINARY DEVELOPMENT OF MIND

forth in prodigious nunibers to bury them.--Phil. Trans. vol.

Ixxi, p. 139.
It is in the habits of those insects which live in socie-
ties that we perceive the most remarkable demonstra-

DR. BARROW ON THE PROPER USE OF tions of even intelligent intellect; for what other term

RICHES. can we justly apply to that faculty within them, which leads vil enables them to form political communities, with esiablished governments, sovereignties, social

Many persons glory in being rich, and their chief hapranks, and appropriated occupations; and also produc:

piness appears to consist in contemplating the increase

of their property above the wealth of their neighbours. ing regulations, or exacted habits of conduct, résem- Dr. Barrow's observations on this species of insanity are bling those enforced by human laws and policies ? What

worthy of consideration. seemed poetry in Virgil, as to the bees, has been found

“If we contemplate our wealth itself, we may therein to be only a part of the truth as to their associations. The diminutive ants are still more extraordinary. The

descry great motives to bounty. Thus to employ our

riches, is really the best use they are capable of; not wasps display kindred mind and habits. It is not possible to read of the wars of the ants or of the bees, to

only the most innocent, most worthy, most plausible ;

but the most safe, mosi pleasant, most advantageous, find them assemble in armies, make cyolutions, and

and consequently in all respects most prudent way of fight pitched battles, and to deny them a similarity of mind with those of their superiors *, who have soldiers,

disposing of them. To keep them close, without using

or enjoying them at all, is a most sottish extravagance tactics, and wars. That ants have staves, and inaké expeditions to reduce them to servitudet; that they

or a strange kind of madness : a man thence affecting should keep smaller insects, the aphides, in order that

to be rich, quite impoverisheth himself, dispossesseth

himself of all, and alienateth from himself his estate: they may milk them, or extract from their bodies a saccharine fluid for their own nourishinent, as we take

his gold is no more his than when it was in the Indies, the milk from cows 1; and that they should keep assem

or lay hid in the mines; his corn is no more his than if blages of them as their separate and private propertyş:

it stood growing in Arabia or China; he is no more

owner of his lands than he is master of Jerusalem or such actions and habits are too like our own, not to be Grand Cairo: for what difference is there, whether disconsidered those of the reasoning mind, not very dis- tance of place or baseness of mind sever these things similar to that which we possess. All species of the from him? - whether his own heart or another man's

hand detain them from his use? - whether he hath them On the wars of the bees and wasps, see lasect Miscellany, not at all, or hath them to no purpose ? — whether one p. 322—631. + “They will sometimes travel one hundred and fifty paces toat

is a beggar out of necessity, or by choice ? — is pressed tack a Negro colony." Ib. 83. The slaves are well used ; being so

to want, or a volunteer thereto? Such a one may entirely dependent as these masters are upon their slaves for

fancy himself rich, and others, as wise as himself, may every necessary comfort and enjoyment of fife, can scarcely be repute him so; but so distracted persons to themselves supposed to treat them with rigour or unkindness. So far from and to one another do 'seen great princes, and style this, it is evident, from the preceding account, that they rather themselves such : with as much reason almost he might look up to them, and are in some degree under their control.

pretend to be wise and good. Kirby, p. 97. It is on this process that Linnæus, who has “ Riches are (chremata, in the Greek) things whose also noted it, says, " The ant ascends the tree, that it

may milk its cows, the aphides, not kill them," Syst. Nat. 292, 3,

nature consists in usefulness; abstract that, they hecome Inst. Linn.

nothing, things of no consideration or value; he that Ants make a property of these cows, for which they contend

hath them is no more concerned in them than he that with great earnestness. Kirby, p. 89." The greatest cow hath them not. It is the heart, and skill to use affluence heeper of all the ants the yellow ant of gold, F.fava. This of things wisely and nobly, which makes it wealth, and species, which is not fond of roaming from home, usually collects constitutes him rich that hath it ; otherwise the chest in its nest a large herd of a kind of aphis, that derives its nutriment from grass and other plants. These it transports from the

may be crammed, and the barns stuffed full, while the neighbouring roots, and thus, without going out, it has always man is miserably poor and beggarly : 'tis in this sense a copious supply of food : these creatures share its care, equally true which the wise man says, “There is that maketh with its own offspring."--Kirby, 39.

bimself rich, yet hath nothing”

* The


In Georgia, “In case any slave or free person of

colour teach any other slave or free person of colour to AMERICA.

read or write, either written or printed characters, the

free person of colour or slave is punished by fine or AMERICA has worthily engaged the contemplation of

whipping; and a white person so offending is punished intelligent and pious persons, especially during the last

with a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and ten years, on account of the progress of knowledge and

imprisonment in the common gaol. Any slave or free scriptural religion among its population. Reports of

person of colour, or any other person, circulating the prosperity of the United States, have induced mul

papers, or bringing into this State, or aiding in any titudes from most parts of Europe to hasten to their shores, that they might share in the promised blessings

manner in bringing into the State, papers exciting to

insurrection, conspiracy, ur resistance, any of the of that amazing country. Many have succeeded in their emigrating speculations : while others have been

slaves or free persons of colour, against their owners

or the citizens, is to be punished with death." plunged into the deepest distress, probably, in most instances, from their own imprudence. No Christian

“Cutting off the ears, and the pillory, are punishments in Britain can feel uninterested in a country, whose

for slaves sanctioned by the legislature of Georgia ; hut Bible Society establishment oan print 800,000 copies of

the universal punishment is whipping. The infiction

of this punishment, to the extent of twenty lashes on the Bible in a year, which is at the rate of about five

the bare back, is deemed, in a great variety of cases, of Bibles per minute! And this we are informed is done

insufficient moment to claim the intervention even of a at the American Bible Society's printing offices in New

single inagistrate. Any white person, a drunken paYork! May this glorious work continue to advance

trol, an absconding felon, or a vagabond mendicant, and prosper, to the perfect regeneration of the whole

is supposed to possess discretion enough to interpret population of the United States ! Notwithstanding our adıniration of much that exists

the laws, and to weild the cow-skin or cart-whip for

their infraction; and should death ensue by accident, in America, especially in the middle and in the northern states, we are shocked at the continuance of Negro

while the slave is thus receiving moderate correction,

the Constitution of Georgia kindly denominates the slavery in the southern states; and we believe that it

offence justifiable homicide!” is, as a friend in Philadelphia says, in a letter a few months ago,

While sitting in the portico at Halifax (N. Carolina) Negro Slavery is a curse in our

where they stopped to change horses, Mr. Stuart was country!James Stuart, Esq. in a book recently published, enti

accosted by a gentleman, who inquired of him what was tled, “Three Years in North America," says,

the number of slaves for sale at the court-house that day;

as in England a person would ask the price of corn, or following extract of a letter from a gentleman of

of the stocks, Mr. Stuart says :-" I explained his misCharleston, to a friend of his at New York, published iv the New York newspapers while I was there, con

take to him, and I then asked him some questions with tains even a more shocking account of the public sales

respect to the slave market here. He said, the price of slaves here :— Curiosity sometimes leads me to the

generally gịven for a young man, was 375 dollars,

though for the best hạnds, 400 dollars were sometimes aucțion sales of Negroes. A few days since I attended

given; that 250 dollars was the price given for a fine one which exhibited the beauties of slavery in all their sickening deformity. The bodies of these wretched

young woman, until after she had her first child; after

which she became more valuable, as she was then more to beings were placed upright on a table, their physical

be depended on for increasing the stock. He never, he proportions examined, their defects and beauties noted.

said, separated husband and wife, but some people did A prime lot, here they go!' There I saw the father

eparate them, as well as children, and then they had looking with sullen contempt on the crowd, and ex. pressing an indignation in his countenance that he dare

crying scene ; that was all !not speak; and the mother, pressing her infant closer

"Anecdotes, with which we cannot defile our pages,

are given by Mr. Stuart, in illustration of the state of to her bosom with an involuntary grasp, and exclaiming, in wild and simple earnestness, wbile the tears

morals induced by slavery in both the whites and

blacks. In one conversation at which he was present, chased down her cheeks in quick succession, 'I can't leff my children! I won't leff my children !' But on the

“it turned out, that the planter was frequently waited hammer went, reckless alike whether it united or sun

upon at table by his own children, and had actually dered for ever. On another stand I saw a man ap

sent some of them to the public market to be sold as

slaves !parently as white as myself exposed for sale, -I turned away from the humiliating spectacle.

At another time I saw the concluding scene of this infernal drama. It was on the wharf. A slave ship MENTAL CONFLICTS NECESSARY TO for New Orleans was lying in the stream, and the poor

SPIRITUAL IMPROVEMENT. Negroes, handcuffed and pinioned, were hurried off in boats, eight at a time. Here I witnessed the last fare- I have heard him mention with much feeling many well, the heart-rending separation of every earthly tie. deep and secret conflicts of mind while at College: The mute and agonizing embrace of the husband and added to which, he had to meet many insults which prowife, and the convulsive grasp of the mother and fligate men offer to piety. Under these impressions he the child, who were alike torn asunder for ever! It was ove day walking in the physic gardens, where he was a living death, — they never see or hear of observed a very fine pomegranate tree cut alınost each other more! Tears flowed fast, and mine with the through the stem. On asking the gardener the reason rest.'»

of this, “Sir,” said he, “this tree used to shoot so Charleston has long been celebrated for the severity strong, that it bore nothing but leares. I was obliged of its laws against the blacks, and the mildness of its therefore to cut it in this manner; and when it is punishments towards the whites for maltreating them. alıpost cut through, it will bear plenty of fruit.”—The Until the late law, there were about seventy-one crimes gardener's explanation conveyed a striking illustration for which slaves were capitally punished, and for which to Mr. Cecil's inind, and he went back to his rooms the highest punishment for whites was imprisonment comforted and instructed by this image. — Cecil's in the penitentiary!



Dr. Cox's church in New York, dated from that city, AMERICA.

April 12, 1832, the writer says: 'You wish to know the

population of New York city, &c. The last census DR. SYMMONS, of Jesus college, Oxford, in his eloquent (1830) made it 220,000 : the whole number of churches “ Life of Milton,” written nearly thirty years ago, is 120; viz. Presbyterian, 24; Episcopalian, 23; Me. rising superior to his peculiar prejudices, speaks of re- thodist, 17; Baptist, 14; Dutch Reformed, 14; Roman ligion in America in the following remarkable words: Catholic, 5; Friends, 4; Jews, 3; Lutheran, 2; Inde“From Hudson's Bay, with the small interruption of pendent, 2; Universalist, 2; Unitarian, 2; Moravian, 1; Canarla, to the Mississipi, this immense continent be- Mariners, 1; Miscellaneous, 3: there are also several holds the religion of Jesus, unconnected with the pa- others of different denominations building and contemtronage of goverument, subsisting in independent yet plated. The number of clergymen of different deno. friendly communities, breathing that universal charity minations are as follows (in the whole state): Presbywhich constitutes its vital spirit, and offering, with its teriana and Congregationalists, 460; Episcopalians, 143; distinct yet blending tones, one grand combination Baptists, 310; Refornued Dutch, 98 ; Methodists, 357; of harmony to the ear of its Heavenly Father.” P.415. Lutherans, 13; other denominations, 89: in all, 1,470.

This testimony is remarkably illustrated by a passage The foregoing is from a statement published within a in a new and interesting work, published this year at few days. It is stated also from another publication, Edinburgh, entitled, “Three Years in North America,” that there are twenty Catholic priests in the state of in two volumes, by James Stuart, Esq., from which we New York; and that the number of persons over whom give the following extract: “During my residence in

they ex

cise spiritual care averages from 130,000 to the United States subsequent to this period, I was fre- 150,000, mostly Irish emigrants." quently witness to the good understanding which gene

American Religion and Church Order, rally, though doubtless not universally, prevails anong

a small pamphlet, which we recommend clergymen professing different opinions on church forms

to all our Readers, as containing much and doctrinal points in this country; and I occasionally

information on the subject of its title, observed notices in the newspapers to the same purpose. The two following I have preserved. The cornerstone of a new Baptist church was laid at Savannah in

“ SILENCE IN HEAVEN.” Georgia, and the ceremonial services were performed by the clergymen of the Methodist, German, Lutheran, “ There was silence in heaven for the space of half an Presbyterian, Episcopal, and Baptist churches. The hour.”— When the seventh seal was broken, angels sacrament of the Lord's supper was administered in the were overpowered in presence of their God, and perhaps Rev. Mr. Post's church (Preshyterian church at Wash

absorbed with the glories of the scene, having a preington), and, as usual, all members of other churches sentiment of the terrific tempest which followed. Have in regular standing were invited to unite with the mem- we ever meditated on the solemnity, the dignity, the bers of that church, in testifying their faith in, and love

awfulness of silence? Have we ever, during the solemn to, their Lord and Saviour. The invited guests assen

stillness of night robed in her raven mantle, and as it bled around the table, and it so happened, that were shrouding beneath its ample fold all the things of Mr. Grundy, a senator from Tenessee, and two Che- this world, - have we then reverted to that awful anterokee Iudians, were seated side by side.'”

date to time, when all was silent, all destitution, save the deep Spirit of Infinity, "the Great First Cause,” which hovers everywhere, yet is nowhere to be found !

If we have indulged in the awful and interesting retroRELIGIOUS STATISTICS OF AMERICA.

spect, why not look prospectively, to the dread day of “FROM statistical accounts published in 1829 we learn,

judgment, when the silence spoken of in Revelation that the congregations in the United States amounted may be realized, when all the nations and people of

the earth shall stand in silent awe before the tribunal of to about 15,000, of which there were,

God, - when in the midst of this solemn stillness the Presbyterians

2,253 recording angel will unfold the awful book in which are Congregationalists (in union with the foregoing) 960 recorded the registries, the gloomy catalogue of human Baptists, moatly Calvinists...

3,723 guilt. At that dread period, when congregated millions Methodists, about

2,000 await their final destinies, suspense and breathless Episcopalians

598 anxiety will prevail ! Hallelujahs will cease! There Quakers

1,000 will be “silence in heaven for the space of half an hour!” Lutheran and Reformed. 1,350

S. M. H. Roman Catholics.......

1,000 Other denominatioos



This may be read across or downwards. “Recent information makes the number considerably Pro fide teneo sana

Quæ docet Anglicana; more, of almost every denomination. The New York Affirmat quæ Romang

Videntur mihi vana. Baptist Repository states, there are not less than 308 Supremus quando Rex est-- Tuin Plebs est fortugala i

Erraticus tum grex estassociations, 6,129 churches, 4,080 nipisters, and

Cùm fiat caput Papa.
Altare cum ornatur-

Communio sit inanis ; 408,846 actual members, of the Baptists in the United

Populus tum beatur- Cum meosa vino panis. States !

Asini nomen meruit- Hunc morem qui non capit; From these tables we learn the astonishing increase Missam qui deseruit- Catholicus est el sapit. of the professors of religion in America; à subject

I hold for faith

What England's church allows ; worthy of our most serious consideration in Great What Rome's church saith, My conscience disavows. Britain. It is ascertained, that during the last thirteen Where the king's head- The flock can take no shame;

The flock's misled

Who hold the pope supreme. years, in the state of New York alone, the congrega

Where th' altar's drest- The worship's scarce diyine; tions bave been more than doubled : in 1819 they being

The people's blest

Whose table 's bread and wine. 716, but in 1832 they were 1,470 !

He's but an ass

Who their communion fies, “In a letter from a valued friend, a member of Who shuns the mass- Is cat! olic and wise.


Death-Bed Testimonies.

could divert hin from, and slept better than he had

done for some weeks before. He rose at four in the COLLECTED BY THE LATE REV. WILLIAM BUTTON.

inorning, Sept. 30th, and went into his closet; and his

companion observed he was unusually long in private. No. V.

He left 'his closet, returned to his companion, threw THE REV. GEORGE WHITFIELD,

himself on the bed, and lay about ten minutes. Then

he fell upon his knees, and prayed most fervently to Died suddenly of a fit of the asthma, at Newbury Port God, “That if it was consistent with His will, he

in America, at six o'clock of the Lord's day morning, inight that day finish his Master's work.” He then Sep. 30th, 1770.

desired his man to call Mr. Parsons, the clergyman at Funeral Sermon preached the same day in the after

whose house he was : but in a minute, before Mr. Parsons noon by Mr. Jonathan Parsons, minister of the Presby

could reach him, he died without a sigh or groan. terian church there, from Phil. i, 21, “For me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.”

REFLECTIONS ON DIVERSIFIED SPIRITUAL Funeral Sermon preached in England, at the Taber

OPERATIONS. nacle near Moorfields, Nov. 19th, 1770, by Mr. John

The different manner in which the various animals Wesley, froin Num. xxxiii, 10, “Let me die the death

must have come to Noah for aduission to his ark, may of the righteous, and let my last end be like his."

also afford us an instructive lesson. While the ante. MR. PARSONS. I shall turn my discourse to the very lope and the eagle, instigated by their newly-acquired inelancholy and affecting occasion, the sudden and sur- instinct, hastened rapidly to their new habitation, the prising death of the Rev. George Whitfield, who died snail and the sloth may be supposed to have made their by a fit of the asthma at six o'clock this morning in my removal thither a very tedious journey. Yet all who chamber. In hiin I believe we have the whole of the were drawu at length carne and were saved. So, some text exemplified; he could say with the apostle, “For among those whom the Spirit of God awakens to a conme to live is Christ, and to die is gain." Christ be- cern about salvation, impelled by fear, or won by love, came a principle of spiritual life in his soul whilst he concur at once in the Gospel proposal, and fly without was an under-graduate at the University in Oxford ; delay to the cross and are saved. "While others, from a and if I mistake not, when he was about sixteen years variety of natural character, or obstacles interposed, old. Before his conversion, he was a Pharisee of the by circumstances of education, station in life, or relaPharisees, as strict as ever Paul was before God met tive connection, are more tardy in their spiritual mohim on his way to Damascus, according to his own tions, and are long before they arrive where only peace declaration in his last sermon, which I heard him and safety can be found. “The sloth," says Goldsmith, preach at Exeter, yesterday.

never leaves the tree in which it lives, and on which it Through a variety of labours and trials, our worthy feeds, while any thing remains that can serve it for friend and extensively useful servant of Christ, food. Wheu destitute of provisions above, it crawls Mr. Whitfield, passed, both in England and America : slowly from branch to branch, in hopes of finding somebut the Lord was his sun to guide and animate him, thing still left, till it is obliged to encounter all the and his shield to defend and help him unto the end. dangers that attend it below. Though it is formed by Neither did he count his life dear, so that he might nature for climbing a tree with great pain and diffifinish his course with joy, and the ministry that he had culty, yet it is utterly unable to descend. It is therereceived of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the fore obliged to drop froin the branches to the grace of God. The last sermon that he preached, ground; and as it is incapable of exerting itself to though under the disadvantage of a stage in the open

break the violence of its descent, it drops like a shapeair, was delivered with such clearness, pathos, and elo- less heavy mass, and feels no sinall shock in the fall. quence, as to please and surprise the surrounding thou- Then after remaining some time torpid, it prepares for sands; and as he had been contirmed by the grace of a journey to some neighbouring tree : but this, of all God many years before, and had been waiting and migrations, is the most tedious, dangerous, and painful : hoping for his last change, he then declared, that he it often takes a week in crawling to a tree not fifty hoped it was the last time he should ever preach. yards distant: it inoves with imperceptible slowness, Doubtless he had such clear views of the blessedness of and often baits by the way. All motions seem to toropen vision, and the complete fruition of God in Christ, ture it; and in every step it takes, it sets forth a most that he felt the pleasures of heaven in his raptured soul, plaintive and melancholy cry." How lively a descripwhich made his countenance shine like the unclouded tion of the manner in which some converts move from

the Tree of Death, the world, when it fails to afford MR. WESLEY. A particular account of the last scene

them comfort any longer, to the Tree of Life, Jesus of Mr. Whitfield's life is thus given by a gentleman of

Christ; of the shock which they receive by the convicBoston. After being about a month with us in Boston,

tion of their lost condition; and of the tardiness, pain, and its vicinity, and preaching every day, he went to

and difficulty with which, through the impediments of Old York, preached on Thursday, Sept. 27, there ; pro

nature, they approach Him! Let us observe, that, as ceeded to Portsmouth, and preached there on Friday.

God suspended the flood till all were safely housed in On Saturday morning he set out for Boston ; but

the ark who were travelling towards it, however slow before he canie to Newbury, where he had engaged to

their progress—so all who are drawn to Christ will be preach the next morning, he was importuned to preach

brought to Him before the last trumpet sounds, and

“the door is shut.” The feeblest and the weakest by the way. The house not being large enough to con

believer is as much the object of Divine care, as the tain the people, he preached in an open field. But having been infirm for several weeks, this so exhausted

strongest of them that fly to Him for succour.-Bid. his strength, that when he came to Newbury, he could

dulph's Theology of the early Patriarchs. pot get out of the ferry-boat without the help of two men. In the evening, however, he recovered his spirits, Experience gained. - Nothing instructs a man better and appeared with his usual cheerfulness. He went to than his own misfortunes; if he surmounts one, it will his chamber at nine, his fixed time, which no company arın him against a thousand dangers.


« PreviousContinue »