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9. JAMES, the son of Alpheus, is styled “the Lord's brother;"
THE HARVEST MOON, AND THE HUNTER'S and he was commonly called “James the Less,” and “ James the Just, on accouut
MOON. of his extraordinary holiness.” He is considered as having been the first bishop of the Christian church at
Henry. Father, I have wondered to see the inoon ap. Jerusalem. Even by many of the unbelieving Jews,
pear so brilliant and beautiful for so many evenings James was venerated; on which account, Ananias, the lately; and yesterday I heard it called the harvest. Jewish high-priest, with the Scribes and Pharisees, moon, by a gentleman of Kent. What is meant by the called hiin, at the Passover, to stand upon the porch of
harvest-moon? the temple, and to satisfy the doubting minds of the
Father. Wisdom is obtained principally by observa. people concerning the faith of Christ. James complied tion and inquiry : I am glad, therefore, that you ob. with this request: but being enraged that his doctrine served what the Kentish gentleman said, and not less so was received by many, they threw him from the hattle- by your proposing to me this question. ments; and while he was praying for his murderers, Henry. That gentleman said, the crops were exceed. some of them beat him on ihe head with a fuller's club, ingly abundant in Kent, and the harvest-moon, with the of which, his skull being fractured, he died. Thus favourable weather, was of the greatest advantage to James was murdered by the moli, while there was no
the farmer, in getting in the corn. But I did not know Roman governor at Jerusalem, A. D. 62.
why he called it the harvest-moon.
Father. As to your present inquiry, I would remark,
that about the time of harvest, in this part of the earth, 10. JUDE, the apostle, or Lebbeus Thaddeus, was the writer of the Epistle which bears the name of Jude.
there is something peculiar in the rising of the moon ; At the commencement of his ministry, he preached in
by which the industrious farmer derives great advantage Judea, Samaria, Galilee, and Idumea; and afterwards
from the prolonged light of the shining of that beauin Arabia, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Persia ; confirming
tiful planet ; on account of which it is called " the harhis doctrine with miracles. We have no certain infor
vest-moon,” in August; and that peculiarity partly conmatiou of the termination of his ministry: though it is
tinues in September, from which it is called " the hun
ter's-moon. generally believed that the Magi put him to death in Persia, about A. D. 62.
Henry. But what is the cause of the difference in the shining of the moon in those two months of the year?
Father. Fully to explain the cause would require 11. Simon Zelotes, the Canaanite, the son of Cleo- soine further acquaintance with astronomy than you at phas, is said to have preached the liospel in Egypt,
present possess : but as you become further informed Greece, Libya, and Mauritania. Various accounts have on the wondrous works of God in the heavens, you will been published concerning Simon the apostle : some be better prepared, not only to understand the causes have affirmed that he fulfilled his apostolic ministry in of many things of which you may now be ignorant, but Britain, and others that he was Bishop of Jerusalem also to adore and love the glorious and beneficent Author until A. D. 107, where he was crucified at the advanced
of all the grandeur of the heavens, and of all our perage of one hundred and twenty years.
sonal blessings. Read these lines of poetry, which will
partly answer your question, and tend to excite your 12. Judas Iscariot was the guilty apostate and curiosity in relation to the works of God. hypocritical betrayer of his holy Master, Jesus Christ. Henry. By an act of suicide, this wretched instrument of Satan
“ There is a time, well known to husbandmen, went to his own place!”.
In which the moon for many nights, in aid
Of their autumnal labours, cheers the dusk 13. Matthias was chosen by the disciples, and by
With her full lustre, soon as Phoebus hides lot, to fill the office of the traitor. He is believed to
Beneath th' horizon his propitious ray: have been one of the seventy disciples. Leaving Judea,
For as the angle of the line which bounds
The moon's career from the equator, flows it is recorded that he laboured in Cappadocia, where Greater or less, the orb of Cyothia shines he is believed to have died a martyr for Christ. Some
With less or more of difference in rise.
In Aries least this angle: thence the Moon
When in this sign she dwells; and most protracts 14. Paul, the apostle. The life, labours, and writ
Her sojourning in our enlighten'd skies.” ings of this extraordinary minister of Christ might well require the pages of many volumes : and many have Futher. I hope you will remember those lines. been filled with the most judicions and edifying remarks Henry. Shall I beg you will endeavour to explain to and comments. Among these several works, Lord me more clearly the cause of the harvest-moon and Lyttleton's “ Observations on the Conversion and the hunter's-moon ? Apostleship of Paul,” deserve especial notice. That Father. You know that the moon is a planet which nobleman's treatise is a work, of which it has been truly attends our earth, at the distance of about 240,000 said, that “ Infidelity has never been able to fabricate miles ; and she makes her journey round the earth in a specious answer.”
a little more than twenty nine days twelve hours; so But his conversion, ministry, and successes are so that there are nearly thirteen changes, or new moons, fully detained in the New Testament, and his doctrines in the course of a year. You inay have observed, that and spirit are so richly contained in his fourteen in. the moon rises later each day, by about three quarters spired Epistles, that little is necessary to be added here, of an hour, than on the day preceding : but in places besides a few particulars concerning his martyrdoin.
situated in such a latitude as that in which we live, Chrysostom informs us, that it being reported
that a there is a remarkable difference about August and Sepcup-bearer of the emperor, and his concubine Poppoa tember, when at the season of full moun she rises, for Sabina, embraced the Christian faith from the ministry several nights together, ouly about twenty minutes later of the apostle, Nero determined on Paul's immediate on one day than on the day preceding. By thus sucdestruction. He was beheaded, as a Roinan citizen, at ceeding the sun before the twilight is ended, the moon the Salvian Waters, and buried on the Estium Way, prolongs the light, to the great benefit of those who are A. D. 66.
engaged in gathering the fruits of the earth; and
hence the full moon at this season is called the har- in the rainy season it shot up spikes about six feet high rest-moon."
The whole plant has a strong aromatic odour, but both Henry. Who first made observations upon the har. the smell and the virtues reside principally in the husky vest-moon?
roots, which in chewing have a bitter, warm, pungent Father. We cannot tell who first observed this pecu- taste, accompanied with some degree of that kind of liar variation in the moon's appearance: but it is be. glow in the mouth, which cardamoms occasion.” The lieved, that it was noticed by persons engaged in agri, circumstance in the account above recited, adds culture, at a much earlier period than it was observed Dr. G. Blane, of its being discovered in an unfrequented by astronomers. Plain and pious husbandmen ascribed country from the odour it exhaled by being trodden it to the special goodness of God, not doubting but upon by the elephants and horses, corresponds in a that it had been ordered by him on purpose for their striking manner with an occurrence related by Arrian, advantage.
in his history of the expedition of Alexander the Great Henry. And I should think they were right in so into India. It is there mentioned, that during his march considering the harvest-moon.
through the deserts of Gradosia, the air was perfumed Father. Most certainly they were : for all the ar- with the spikenard, which was trodden under foot by rangements of the blessed God in pature, and all his the army, and that the Phænicians who accompanied dispensations in providence, were ordained, and they are the expedition collected large quantities of it, as well still directed, for his own glory in connection with the as of myrrh, in order to carry them to their own counwelfare of his creatures. Learned astronomers and try as articles of merchandize. other scientific men, frequentl speak and write of the 'With regard to the virtues of this plant, it appears works of God, as if they were mere machinery, the wise from a passage in Horace, that it was so valuable, that arrangements of something which they call Nature : as much of it as could be contained in a small box of whilst a pious beholder of the wonders of God in the precious stone, was considered a sort of equivalent for hearens, though he may understand but little of the a large vessel of wine, and a handso:ne quota for a laws of motion, and the causes of the several appear- guest to contribute at an entertainment, according to ances in the sky, speaks far more rationally, and in a the custom of antiquity. manner far more worthy of their blessed Author.
Though there seems to have been spikenard of an inHenry. I have heard it said, that scientific and phi- ferior quality growing in Syria (Nardus Syriaca), yet losophical men are frequently irreligious and infi- Galen tells us, that the term is misapplied when given dels.
to any other species but the “Nardus Indica."Father. There is some truth in that report: but I Scripture Garden Walk. have pleasure in knowing some philosophers and scientific men of the highest class, who are both believers and pious inen. I would have you cherish the senti. ments of the devout Psalmist, whenever you look upon
INDIAN MANNER OF WATERING GARDENS. the wonderful works of God. – Psal. viii, 1, 3, 4; xix, Among the numerous evidences of the increasing libe1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
rality of sentiment of the present age, none can be more pleasing than the attention which most of our
modern travellers bestow on the illustration of ancient SPIKENARD.-(Nardus Indica.)
The following extracts are from the pen of an ex: The root of this species is small and slender, putting ceedingly clever and well-educated lady, Mrs. Colonel forth a long small stalk. The spike (which gives the Elwood. plant its name) is bristle-shaped, a finger's length in “ In India, seeds and plants are generally raised by height, and odoriferous; the colour inclines to purple. laying them under water: small trenches are made This flower emits a rich and delightful fragrance, of round the roots, or the ground is laid out in small which the whole surrounding medium partakes. A costly coinpartments, which are surrounded with mounds of perfunje was made from the blade or spike, which was earth, and it is the chief occupation of the gardener esteemed as an article of luxury among the ancients, in to fill these with water; he makes a small opening to whose feasts it frequently had a distinguished place. admit the stream, and when the ground of one enclo.
Some very interesting observations on this plant are sure is completely filled and saturated, he then congiven by the Editor of Calmet's Dictionary, in some ducts it to another and another, either using a hoe for extracts from Dr. Gilbert Blane ; and as they may be useful in confirming the opinion that the spikenard uf
the purpose, or with his foot forming the aperture, and
reminding one of Moses' description of a similar cusScripture was the same as that already described, we tom in Egypt, 1451 years before Christ, and which, transcribe them for the information of the reader. In
such are the unchangeable manners of oriental couna letter dated Lucknow, 1786, his brother writes : tries, is still practised there, as well as in India, though “ Travelling with the Nabob Vizier, on one of his hunt- more than three thousand years have elapsed siuce the ing excursions, towards the Northern mountains, I was lawgiver of the Jews flourished. surprised one day, after crossing the river Rapty, about “'The land of Egypt from whence ye came out; twenty miles from the foot of the hills, to perceive the where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy air perfumed with an aromatic smeil; and on asking foot, as a garden of herbs.” Deut. ii, 10. -- Narratire the cause, I was told it proceeded from the roots of the of an Overland Journey to India. grass, that were bruised or trodden out of the ground by the feet of the elephants and horses of the Nabob's retinue. The country was wild and uncultivated, and this was the common grass which covered the surface
THE IMPORTANCE OF HAVING A PURSUIT. of it, growing in large tufts close to each other, very The most important principle, perhaps, in life, is to rank, and in general from three to four feet in height. have a pursuit
- a useful one if possible, and at all As it was the winter season, there was none of it in events an innocent one. The unripe fruit of the tree flower. I collected a quantity of the roots to be dried, of knowledge is, I believe, always bitter or sour; and carefully dug up some of it to be planted in my scepticisin and discontent-sickness of the mind — are garden at Lucknow. There it throve exceedingly, and often the results of devouring it.— Sir Humphry Duey.
sweep fine colonnades, and innumerable courts and
halls puzzle and bewilder the imagination. The walls Park relates, that after traveling upon a hot and sultry are covered with a profusion of sculpture and paint. day, through a desert country, he threw himself upon ing, and we were pointed out in particular some very the ground, worn out with fatigue, and feeling himself spirited battle scenes, as also the discoveries which had as one lost and cast out from the world, and as if even lately been made by, excavatious. We saw two noble Providence had forgotten hiin. As he lay, he turned obelisks standing, with a third prostrate on the ground, tu one side, and a little flower caught bis eye, which and a column of majestic proportions in solitary gran. was blooming with extreme beauty in the midst of so deur, all its companions having fallen. There were much barrenness. The sight brought comfort imme- also the fragments of a colossal granite statue, the diately to his mind, and he said to himself, “That God, limbs of which were still very perfect, and another, who has planted this little flower in such a place, and more mutilated and broken. The roof of one of the provided for its sustenance, will not forget me.” sanctuaries, which is in excellent preservation, is
painted blue, and covered with golden stars, which What can I do for thee !
had a very fine effect ; but what struck us most, and Omnipotent !- Eternal !- Infinite !
literally overwhelmed us with astonishment, was a Is not the thought aspiring blasphemy,
truly majestic forest of gigantic columns, the greater Needing forgiveness to be granted it?
part quite perfect, though one or two in a falling state Who can conceive thy limitless domain?
were yet suspended in the air, as if the angel of deWould thought exploring stretch her wings for flight struction in passing over had stayed his destroying To yon far star upon the verge of sight,
hand, touched with the magnificence of the scene, or (A sun immense, supplying worlds with light) Thence must she stretch her wings and iy again!
“ As if the Spoiler had turned back with fear,
And turning left them to the elements.” And if, ten thousand suns pass’d by, she
gaze Amaz'd upon the measureless expanse,
From the top of one which we ascended, we had a She will perceive innumerous fresh rays
panoramic view of the scene. In every direction, diNew suns around whose bright founts planets dance,
verging like the radii of a circle from a coinmon Receiving warmth and gladness from their beams;
centre, we beheld vast avenues of inmense pillars, All clad with fruits and flowers, along whose fields
gigantic ruins, majestic fragments, and an infinity of Man wanders, and where life its joyance yields
gateways, which, from their numbers, might well have Of soft sensation, and th' exquisite streams
entitled Thebes to have been denominated “the City
of a Hundred Gates." Which gush in real joys, or play in dreams.
Upon one of the colonnades had lately been discoTuy space is infinite ! yet boundless space
vered the name of Seconthis, and of his successor. Possesses not a vacancy- no place
According to Blair, Seconthis flourished 874 before But fill'd with wonders of thy mighty hand.
Christ. He is by some thought to have been the ShiAnd righteously thou sendest weal or woe;
shak of the Scriptures, who sacked Jerusalem 970 bc. For thou each deed, and word, and thought, dost know,
fore Christ — though Sir Isaac Newton considers Shi. Or slightest movement, through thy vast command.
shak to have been the same with Sesostris. But who.. Then surely all my wants are known to thee, Eternal Ruler of Infinity!
ever may have founded or inhabited Thebes, enough
remains after the lapse of 2000 or 3000 years to show Oh ! 'tis a thought of comfort, that the mind
that at one period it was perhaps the grandest city in Of high Archangel, which has left behind
the world ; and to prove that the natives of Africa, At distance so extreme man's boasted powers,
however we may now consider them, were at one tiine Rizes not nearer to thy topless throne,
very superior to ourselves in some respects, for what Than doth the little insect, which, unknown,
modern building would survive the flight of so many Tavisible to man, in smallest flowers
centuries. Finds a vast world; and there in reckless play
Amongst all Thebes, Carnac reigns pre-eminent, and Sports its existence of a summer's day.
such is its wonderful majesty and strength, that it Then need I fear, that in this boundless mass
seems as if none but Almighty power could have de. Of matter, I, an atom, shall be lost?
stroyed it, when for the sins of the nation “ the Lord No! the Eternal Knowledge will not pass
God destroyed the idols, and caused their images to Even the smallest; cach a price has cost
cease,' ” when “ He poured his fury upon Sin, the Of agony to ransom it : and thongh,
strength of Egypt, and cut off the multitude of No," Scatter'd hy Death and Time, but dust it be,
when" He set fire in Egypt, and No was rent in sunIt nerer can be lost; for surely He
der." Oh the greatness and the littleness of man! Hath ever known it, and will ever know.
which whilst he debased himself to worship “the like. EDMSTON.
ness of things above, and in the earth beneath, and in the water under the earth,” could at the saine tiine
have raised such grand, such magnificent structures to RUINS OF THE TEMPLE OF CARNAC AT
the honour of false gods. — Mrs. Elwood's Journey to
GENEROUS BOOK LENDER. their magnificence inost sublimely above & grove of MICHAEL Begon, who was born at Blois, in 1638, trees. After traversing a low tract of land we came was possessed of a valuable library, wbich was free of upon the temple, and I doubt whether all the powers of public access. In most of his books was written, description would be able to convey even a faint idea * Michaelis Begon et amicorum ;" i.e. the property of of the overwhelming grandeur that awaits the spectator. Begon and his friends; and when he was once cauAn avenue of sphynxes, which, though partly ruined, tioned by his librarian against lending his books, for are still distinctly visible, reaches from Carnac to fear of losing them, he replied, “ I would rather lose Luxor, two or three miles distant, In every direction them than seem to distrust any honest man."
WHAT IS TIME ? I asked an aged man, a man of cares, Wrinkled and curvd, and white with hoary hairs ; “ Time is the warp of life," he said, “On tell The young, the fair, the gay, to weave it well !”, I asked the ancient, venerable dead, Sages who wrote, and warriors who hled; From the cold grave a hollow murmur flow'd“ Time sow'd the seed we reap in this abode !” I ask'd a dying sinner, ere the tide Of life had left his veins - .“ Time !” he replied, " I've lost it! Ah the treasure !” and he died. I ask'd the golden Sun and silver spheres, Those bright chronometers of days and years ; They answer'd, “ Time is but a meteor glare, And barle us for Eternity prepare. I ask'd the Seasons in their annual round, Which beautify or desolate the ground; And they replied (no oracle
more wise) “ 'Tis Folly's blank, and Wisdom's highest prize!” I ask'd a spirit lost; but oh! the shriek Thát pierc'd my soul! I shudder while I speak! It cried. “ A particle! a speck! a mite Of endless years, duration infinite !" Of things inanimate, my dial I Consulteu, and it made me this reply; “ Time is the season fair of living well, The path of glory, or the path of hell.” 1 ask'd my Bible, and methinks it said, “ Time is the present hour, the past is filed ; Live! live to day! to-morrow never yet
any human being rose or set.” I ask'd old father Time himself at last,
i But in a moment he flew swiftly past; His chariot was the cloud, the viewless wind His noiseless steeds, which left no trace behind. I ask'd the mighty Angel, who shall stand One foot on sea, and one on solid land; " By heavens," he cried, " I swear the mystery's o'er : Time was, but henceforth Time shall be no more !"
Rev. Jos. MARSDEN.
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ROBERT HALL ON EDUCATING THE POOR. “Some have objected to the instruction of the lower classes, from an apprehension that it would lift them above their sphere, make them dissatisfied with their station in life, and, by impairing the habit of subordi. nation, endanger the tranquillity of the state; an objec. tion deroid, surely, of all force and validity. It is not easy to conceive in what manner instructing men in their duties can prompt them to neglect those duties ; or how that enlargement of reason, which enables them to comprehend the true grounds of authority, and the obligations to obedience, should indispose them to obey. The admirable mechanisın of society, together with that subordination of ranks which is essential to its subsist. ence, is surely not an elaborate imposture, which the exercise of reason will detect and expose. This objection implies a reflection on the social order equally impolitic,'invidious, and unjust. Nothing, in reality, renders legitimate governinents so insecure as extreme ignorance in the people. It is this which yields them an easy prey to seduction, makes them the victims of prejudice and false alarms, and so ferocious witba!, that their interference in a time of public commotion is more to be dreaded than the eruption of a volcano.”
MOURNING HABITS OF DIFFERENT NATIONS. In Europe, black is generally used, because it represents darkness, to which death is like, as it is a privation of life.
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Egypt yellow, representing the decaying of trees and flowers, which become yellow as they die away.
Ethiopia brown, denoting the colour of the earth from whence we come and to which we returu.
In some parts of Turkey blue, representing the sky, where they hope the dead are gone: but in other parts, purple or violet, becanse being a kind of mixture of black and blue, it represents, as it were, sorrow on the one side, hope on the other. London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
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HINDOO SUPERSTITIONS AND SELF-TORTURE. (See p. 93.) THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
bouring to raise a fund for the purpose of establishing
a inission to India ! This pious and devoted man had The Baptist Missionary Society has special claims upon preached to the natives in Bengal; and it deserves rethe respect and support of every Christian denomina- cording, that John Thomas had the singular honour of tion. It is alınost the oldest existing institution of this being the first Englishman, who made known the gospel divinely benevolent class; and when it is considered of salvation to the benighted Hindoos. what has been accomplished by its agents in the trans- Thomas was engaged as a missionary by the Baptist lation of the Holy Scriptures into the languages of the Society; and Carey also offered himself to go to India. East, every one, filled with astonishment, will exclaim, They sailed in 1793, in a Danish East Indiaman; but in the inspired words of Balaam, “ What hath God withont a provision for their support. Thomas prowrought !
posed to maintain himself by his profession; and Carey Mr. (now Dr.) Carey, originated the Baptist Missionary by some occupation, till he could acquire the native Society in 1792. This venerable man proposed to the language. Under difficulties extraordinary, with the Northamptonshire Association of Baptist ministers, at assistance of Mr. Fountain, another missionary, they one of their meetings, “ whether it were not practicable succeeded in translating the Scriptures into Bengalee. and obligatory to attempt the conversion of the Heathen?" In 1799, they were reinforced by four more missionaries; After urging in a sermon before them, the two noble but now they were refused permission to settle in the maxims — Attempt great things for God," and " Ex- British territory. Carey and Fountain removed across pect great things from God;" he submitted a plan, the river Ganges, sixteen miles from Calcutta, to which was accepted, and the Society was formed, Serampore, a Danish settlement; where, to his everthe friends present making a collection for this magni. lasting honour, the governor protected and encouraged ficent object, amounting to 131. 25. 6d.!
these men of God. Ever since, this has been the prin. Hindostan was judged a proper sphere for their at- cipal station of the Baptists in India. Kristno, the first tempt, on account of its immense population, and the Hindoo convert to Christianity, was baptized with Felix degrading superstitions which universally prevailed : Carey, eldest son of the Doctor, in December, 1779, in but before any plan could be matured, they found a the river Ganges, in the presence of a great concourse Baptist brother, Mr. John Thomas, a surgeon, lately of people, Hindoos, Mohammedans, Europeans, and returned from Calcutta to London, where he was la- the Danish governor, who shed tears at the affecting Vol. I.