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tures and prayer.” Besides a “ City Missionary,”

Both turn'd, and under open sky ador'd whose labours are directed to the preservation of the

The God that made both 'sky, air, earth, and hear'a,

Which they beheld, the moon's resplendent globe, whole system in operation, many of the most eminent

And starry pole: Thou also mad'st the night, ministers in the metropolis have co-operated in " Lec

Maker Omnipotent! and thou the day, tures to Mechanics," on the most important subjects.

Which we in our appointed work employ'd Drs. Bennett and J. P. Smith, deserve the thanks of the

Have finish'd, happy in our mutual help, nation for their popular and excellent publications

And mutual love, the crown of all our bliss

Ordain'd by Thee; and this delicious place, against Infidelity, with its ignorance, impudence, and

For us too large, where thy abundance wants immorality.

Partakers, and uncropt falls to the ground. “ Tent PREACHING” is an important branch of this

But thou hast promis'd from us two a race Society's operations. The Tents formerly used by the

To fill the earth, who shall with us extol Home Missionary Society have been transferred to the

Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake,

And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep.' Christian Instruction Society, by which means thou

PARADISE Lost. sands of wandering violators of the sabbath have heard

In this rational, devout, and elevated temper of mind, the gospel of Christ, in the several vicinities of London:

our first parents, in blissful innocence, worshipped many, we have reason to believe, to the salvation of

their Creator, in the evening of the well-spent day. their souls. Valuable tracts, &c., are published by this Society,

Refreshing sleep having been enjoyed by them, they whose plans have been adopted in many cities and towns,

awake, and rise with the early dawn, to pay their grate

ful homage to the LORD their God, the bounteous giver not only in England, but in Ireland and Scotland. Its

of all their blessings. expenditure for the year ending May, 1832, was 1,1871. 128. 4d.

Lowly they bow'd adoring, and began

Their orisons, each morning duly paid Similar institutions have been formed by several

In various style ; worthy clergymen of the church of England: some in

- they thus began : unison with the dissenters, and others in their own

. These are thy glorious works, Parent of good connections : but their canon laws will not allow

Almighty, thine this universal frame, “prayer meetings” and “lay preachings." lay preachings." Still the

Thus wondrous fair ; Thyself how wondrous then!

Unspeakable, who silt'st above these heav'ns, most beneficial results have followed their operations

To us invisible, or dimly seen in their “ District Visiting Society,” formed in 1829,

In these thy lowest works; yet these declare and adopted in many of our large towns and vicinities.

Thy goodness beyond thought, and pow'r divine. Surely the time is come when sectarian bigotry and

Speak ye who best can tell, ye sons of light, party interests should be destroyed, or overlooked, in

Angels; for ye behold Him, and with songs

And choral symphonies, day without night, the adoption of those simple, broad, protestant, and

Circling his throne rejoicing; ye in heaven, scriptural principles, which are indispensable to the

On earth join all ye creatures io extol evangelization of our countrymen, and the salvation of

Him first, Him last, Him midst, and without end. our nation from the prevalence of intemperance, im

Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk

The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep, morality, and crime. Magistrates and judges of the

Witness if I be silent morn or even, land are interested in the progress and influence of

To hill, or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Christian Instruction Societies; and we cannot but

Made vocal by my song, and taught his praise. rejoice that Lord Henley expressed himself honoured in

Hail, universal LORD! be bounteous stili being the chairman of the last anniversary of the Chris.

To give us only good!'” tian Instruction Society in London.

PARADISE Lost. This, indeed, is the language of our great poet: but

in such terms most certainly was the elevated piety of SORIPTURE BIOGRAPHY.

Adam expressed, on the ordinary days of the week, in ADAM.

Paradise.' But in what sublime and lofty strains of deSect. III.- The Piety of Adam.

votion the sabbath was celebrated, we shall not know, We are not indulged with any inspired record of the

until we shall hear him describe it to his redeemed derational, pious, and edifying conversations between our

scendants in the Paradise of God in heaven. first parents. The sabbath was sanctified for their rest

(To be continued.) and happiness; and Adam and Eve observed it in special exercises of sacred worship. Every day, doubtless, as the evening drew near, they would give expression PEDESTRIAN EXPLOITS OF THE AMERICAN to their sentiments of habitual piety, and offer up their

INDIANS. sincere acknowledgments to the gracious Author of their being and blessedness, in heartfelt thanksgiving

The Indians are very strong-limbed, and capable of and prayer. Milton has attempted a description of

enduring great fatigue. Their every-day pedestrian their devotional approaches to the throne of the hea

feats are truly astonishing. Guides perform a long jourvedly grace. He represents Adam addressing his lovely

ney at the rate of twenty or twenty-five leagues a day. Eve thus :

Their usual pace is a jog trot. They take short steps,

and carry their feet close to the ground. They go up ' Fair consort, th' hour Of night, and all things now retir'd to rest,

and down mountain-sides quicker than a mule; and Mind us of like repose

horsemen, whom they accompany as guides, have freother creatures all day long

quently occasion to call after them, to request them to Rove idle, unemploy'd, and less need rest;

slacken their pace. A battalion, eight hundred strong, Man hath his daily work of body or mind

has been known to march thirteen or fourteen leagues Appointed, which declares his dignity, And the regard of Heav'n on all his ways;

in one day, without leaving more than ten or a dozen Meanwhile, as nature wills, night bids us rest.'

stragglers on the road. The Indian subsists on a very To whom thus Eve, with perfest beauty adorn'd. small quantity of the simplest food. A leathern pouch • My author and disposer, what thou bidst

containing coca, suspended froin his neck, is worn next Unargu'd I obey: so God ordains. Thus lalking, hand in hand alone they passid

the breast. A handful or two of roasted maize is tied up On to their blissful bow'r :

in one corner of his poncho, ard, in general, these are both stood,

the only provisions for a very long day's journey.

ON LOCAL ATTACHMENTS.

and moral laws of the universe are linked together in

au adınirable chain. We even doubt whether it be posThe instinct with which man is pre-emivently endued, sible to possess one genuine virtue, one real talent, withthe most beautiful, the most moral of instincts, is the out the love of country. In war, this passion performs love of country. If this law were not maintained by a prodigies; in literature it produced a Homer and a never-ceasing 'miracle, all mankind would crowd to- Virgil. gether into the temperate zones, leaving the rest of the But it is the Christian religion which has imparted globe deserted. To prevent this calamity, Providence to the love of country its proper measure and its real has affixed the feet of each individual to his native soil beauty. This sentiment produced armies among the by an invincible magnet, so that neither the ires of ancients, because it was carried to excess. Christianity Greenland nor the burning sands of Africa are desti. has made it a principal love, and not an exclusive love; tute of inhabitants. Nay, farther, it is worthy of re- it enjoins us above all things to be just; it comipands mark, that the more sterile the soil, and the more rude us to cherish the whole family of Adam, since we ourthe climate of the country, or what is nearly analogous, selves belong to it, though our countrymen have the the greater the iujustice, and the more severe the perse- first claim to our attachinent. This morality was ur cution we have suffered in that country, the more known before the mission of the Christian Legislatos, strongly we are attached to it. Oh! strange and sublime who has been unjustly accused of attempting to extireffect, that misery should create attachment, and that pate the passions. God destroys not his own work : those who have lost but a cottage should most feelingly the gospel is not the death of the heart, but its rule. It regret the paternal habitation : every thing tends to is to our sentiments, what taste is to the fine arts — it confirm the truth of this. A savage is more powerfully retrenches all that is exaggerated and false, it leaves lis attached to his hut than to the palace of a prince ; and all that is fair, good, and true. the mountaineer is more delighted with his native rocks It is when we are at a distance from our country, than with the golden corn-fields of the plain. Ask a that we feel the full force of the affection which atScotch highlander if he would exchange his lot with the taches us to it-a contirmation of which is, the great first potentate of the earth. When far removed from value in which we estimate an object of perhaps little his beloved mountains, he carries with him their re. intrinsic worth, but which comes from our native land membrance wherever he goes, he sighs for his flocks, and has accompanied us into exile. The soul seems to his torrents, and his clouds. It is a mountain-plant cherish even the inanimate things which have shared which invst be rooted among rocks ; it cannot thrive un- our destiny—the wounds of the soul leave their impresless it is battered by the winds and the rain ; in the soil, sion upon whatever they touch. If it were to be asked, the shelter, and the sunshine of the plain, it soon droops what are then those powerful ties by which we are and dics. And who can be more happy than the Esqui- bound to the place of our nativity—those ties which are maux in his inhospitable country? What to him are all such a strong proof of the goodness of God, and consethe flowers of our cliinates, compared to the snow3 of quently of his existence? we confess we should be at a Labrador, and all our palaces to his smoky cabin: he loss for a reply. It is perhaps the smile of a mother, embarks in spring with his wife and fawily on a frag- of a father, of a sister-it is perhaps the recollection of ment of Aoating ice- hurried along by the currents he the old preceptor who instructed us, and of the young advances into the open sea on this throne of the god of companions of our childhood - it is circumstances the tempests, amid tempestuous whirlwinds and driving most simple-- the village clock which appeared above snows he presses to his heart the wife whom God has

the trees—the churchyard yew—the Gothic toinb. given him, and finds with her unknown joys in this Yet the insignificance of these means demonstrates mixture of perils and of pleasures. Thus, in attaching so much more clearly the reality of a Providence, as us to our native land, Providence justifies its dealings they could pot possibly be the source of great patriotic towards us, and we have a and and a thousand virtues, unless by the ordination of the Almighty him. reasons for loving our country. The Arab never for- self.--Chateaubriand. gets the well of the camels, the antelope, and the horse, the companion of his journeys in his native deserts. The Negro ncver ceases to remember his cottage, his banana, and the track of the tiger and of the elephant in his na

THE KENTISH HUSBANDMAN. tive lands.

MR. EDITOR, It is related that an English sailor boy had conceived such an attachment to the ship in which he was born,

If the following skctch of a character, that he could never be induced to leave her for a single

pot, I trust, very uncommon amongst our peasantry, moment: the greatest punishment the captain could

should suit your Magazine, it is at your service, with inflict, was to threaten to send him ashore; on these

best wishes. occasions he would run with loud cries and conceal him. The Kentish Husbandman, for so I shall call him, is one self in the hold. What inspired the little mariner with so of the most truly distinguished individuals amongst us. extraordinary an affection for a plank? --- was it a certain Not indeed for wealth, for he possesses neither houses, moral conformity between the destinies of man and nor land, nor funded property: nor for honorary title those of a ship? or perhaps he found a pleasure in con- or rank, for he is a daily labourer: nor yet for literary centrating his joys and his sorrows in what we may acquirements, for he can neither write nor read! He justly denominate his cradle ? An unknowo passenger is not poor, for “contentment is wealth ;” and he on the ocean of life, he beheld whule seas placed be- evidently possesses that which infinite wisdom comtween him and our atflictions, happy in only viewing inends in saying, “ Godliness with contentment is great from a distance the melancholy shores of the world. gain." (I Tim. ri, 6.) He is indeed to be considered,

Among civilized nations the love of country has per- according to the inspired decision, "poor in this world, formed prodigies. In the plans of God there is always rich in faith, and an heir of the kingdoin which be an end ; he has grounded upon nature this affection for hath promised to them that love him." (James ii, 5.) the place of our nativity ; the animal partakes in a cer- The Kentish Husbandman is not an ignorant, though tain degree of this instinct with man; but man carries an unlearned inan; for he is an acute observer of men and it farther, and transforins into a virtue what was only things, and would bear a comparison with the character of a sentiment of universal conformity : thus the physical the wise peasant, as drawn by Mr. Gay, the poet, in his

my

celebrated fiction of the Shepherd and the Philosopher. leurned Christinn made, upon several of the most inn. But this is the inferior portion of his experimental portant and peculiar doctrines of the gospel. In his knowledge : he has“ known the Holy Scriptures, replies to my inquiries, he gave ine his thoughts on which are able to make him wise unto salvation, the Atonement of Jesus Christ, his Sonship, Incarna. through faith which is in Christ Jesus” (2 Tim. iii, tion, and Divinity: the office, duties, temptations, and 15), and the word of the Lord appears to “dwell in successes, of the Christian ministry, with the various him richly in all wisdom.” (Col. iii.)

exercises and experience of inore private believers. In person, the Kentish Husbandman is rather above I was truly “ astonished at his understanding and the ordinary size, atbletic and robust : of habits the answers,” and “glorified God in him.” In the course most temperate and industrious; and of manners the of my observation and intercourse I have met with most modest, simple, and obliging. He appears to be inany, adorned with whatsoever a learned or polite pearly seventy years of age, more than forty of which education could iinpart, and some, of whose piety he has lived in our village; he is well known to our charity would not allow me to question, whose reli. most ancient and respectable families; and in no single yious attainments were very far inferior to those of my instance, as I have yet learnt, has any one been able, humble friend. O may the God of all grace, who for many years, to make a single reflection to the dis- has called us to his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after advantage of his moral character. I never had a we bave suffered awhile, make us perfect, stablish, lengthened interview with himn till a short time ago, strengthen, settle us. To Him be glory and dominiou, on his gradual recovery from an illness, by an attack for ever and ever” (1 Pet. v, 10), ascribed by unnumof fever, of which I had not at first heard. Being soli. bered millions of such as the Kentish Husbandman. citous to ascertain the state of his mind during his illness, in this respect, I was somewhat particular in iny inquiries. His statements were instructive, rational, and scriptural; equally remote from fanatical entbu.

THOUGHTS OF HOME, IN INDIA. siasm, and from licentious presumption. Among

BY THE REV. J. LAWSON, MISSIONARY. other things, he observed, that at one period of his illness, he thought he should soon die; and, reflecting

O let them go, fair golden dreams upon his past life, a long black catalogue of sins ap

Of woodland trees and hanging streams, peared, rising to his condemnation before a just and

And fields to memory dear! holy God. For a while, his spirit sunk within him :

O let them go- blest thoughts, away! but, recollecting the words of the apostle John, the

Ye visions of an infant's day, peaceful influence of heaven tranquillized his inmost

Impress’d so bright and clear! soul. He repeated the words,-“If any man sin, we

I call you not, O long lov'd sweets ! have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the

Fresh-budding in your inild retreats, righteous; and he is the propitiation for our sins: the

Where once I saw ye smile : blood of Jesus Christ his son cleanseth us from all

I call you not; but ye have power sin.” (1 Jolin i, 7, 21, 22.) Realizing the encourag

To steal upon the midnight hour, ing doctrine of these passages, he remarked, “I have

My sadness to beguile. not the least fear or care, either for life or death." The good opinion, which I had been led to entertain

No more intrude, ye fairest forins of this advanced believer, was not a little strengthened

Of England's fields without her storms, by our familiar intercourse. From his many judicious

My dreams no more enchant; observations, I could not but reflect with admiration

Nor let pale cowslips beam to view,

Knotted with bells of tenderest blue, upon our Lord's assurance, in reference to the gra. cious promise in Isaiah, “And they shall be taught of

And the wan primrose plant. God.” (John vi.) Though unable to read, which, as

Yet stay awhile, though but in dreams, he informed me, for a short time he attempted to cor

Ye bowing trees, ye splashing streams, rect, about ten years ago, yet he exercises his memory,

Through fields to memory dear : in "comparing spiritual things with spiritual," and his

Yet stay awhile, and with your smile improvement in divine knowledge corresponds with At midnight hour my thoughts beguile, such an employınent of his mind. The case supposed

And charın my musings here. by Bishop Horsley is not exactly the saine, it refers to For if in dreams ye charm the sense, one able to read : yet his understanding of the word of

And bless with simplest recompense God reminded me of some passages in a voluine of that

One who hath left his HOME; Prelate's sermons. He says, “ It is incredible to any Then stay awhile, ye fairy flowers, one, who has not in some degree made the experi- Come with my childhood's loveliest bours, ment, what a proficiency may be made in that know

And with your sunshine come! ledge, which maketh wise unto salvation, by studying the Scriptures in this manner*, without any other com. mentary or exposition than what the different parts of the sacred volume mutually furnish for each other.

THE LEECH BAROMETER. Let him t study them in the manner I recommend; As connected with the habits of leeches, it may be reand let him never cease to pray for the illumination of marked that they make very good barometers. They that Spirit, by which these books were dictated; and

remain motionless at the bottom of the vessel when the the whole coinpass of abstruse philosophy, and recon- weather is about to be serene and pleasant; before rain dile history, shall furnish no argument with which the they come to the surface of the waier, and remain there perverse will of man shall be able to shake this learned till the return of fine weather; before high winds they Christian's faith 1.”

will continue to move about the water with great swiftScarcely any language could be more judicious, or ness; before thunder and rain they will be found above theologically accurate, than the remarks which this

the water and apparently agitated; before frost they • Comparing parallel passages.

reinain at the bottom; whilst during snow or rain they + The most illiterale Christian.

are seen motionless in the neck of the vessel.-Haden's Bishop Horsley's Nine Sermons, pages 223, 228.

Medical Guide.

[graphic]

NOTICES OF THE ELEPHANT. To gire a history of the Elephant, or even a full description of this prodigious quadruped, is impossible within our limits. Nor is it necessary for us to at. tempt either, as both have been done with consummate talent and profound research, in a voluine of the “ Library of Entertaining Knowledge." It is in the "Menageries, vol. ii, of Quadrupeds, described and drawn from living subjects." As this work contains eightythree illustrative engravings, we know not a more entertaining book of the size on natural history. We can give only a few notices of this surprising animal, partly taken from that work.

Elephas Maximus, the great elephant, is the largest of all land animals ; unless as some believe, the MASTODON has recently been discovered by some natives in South America. The living species of elephants are two, the Indian and the African.

1. Size of the Elephant. Those magnificent animals which have been seen in England, or in other parts of Europe, have not been of the largest kind. It is believed that no one of more than ten feet in height, has ever been seen in these parts. But even an elephant of eight is an enorinous creature, of which it is difficult to form a correct idea. A large ox, whose make is slender compared with an elephant, seldom exceeds five feet in height, and weighs when fat nearly 1000188., or nearly half a ton : but a full-sized elephant, it is believed, weighs about 7000lbs., between three and four tons !

The elephant, from the front to the origin of the tail, is about 16 feet long, froin the end of the trunk 25 feet, and about 14 feet high. The circumference of the neck is about 17 feet, and the circumference of the body at the grossest part, 25 or 26 feet; the tail is about 6 feet long, and 2 feet in circumference. The circumference of the legs is about 6 feet. The trunk of an elephant is about 8 feet long and 5 feet in circumference near the mouth. These are of the largest dimensions of that majestic animal: but he differs in size in different countries. At first view, this creature appears to the spectator an enormous mass of flesh that seems scarcely animated. Its eyes are small in proportion to the size of the head, and the muzzle is very different from that of any other quadruped: it is nothing but the origin of a long trunk which hangs between the two huge tusks : the mouth appears behind the trunk, which serves in place of an upper lip, and the underlip terminates in a point, which from its flexibii'ity and use is denominated a finger. The feet are short, round, clumsy, and distinguishable only by the toes.

The trunk is, properly speaking, the nose extended, and terminated by a couple of nostrils. The elephant can move the trunk in all directions : he can extend or shorten it at pleasure, without altering the diameters of the two canals within. By this means respiration is not interrupted, wliatever be the situation of the trunk, and the water is allowed to remain till the aniinal chooses to throw it out by an expiration. It

by this organ that the animal lays hold of food or other substances; which he manages with as much dexterity as a man does his hand, taking up grains of corn, or the smallest piles of grass, and conveying them to his mouth.

“ The East India Company's standard, for serviceable elephants, is 7 feet and upwards, measured at the shoulder, in the same manner that horses are measured. The height of a living elephant is exceedingly deceptive, even to those who are most accustomed to the ani. mal. Mr. Corn measured a celebrated elephant of the Naboh of Dacca, which was generally stated to be 14 feet high, and which he considered to be 12; it was found not to exceed 10 feet. The elephants of Hin. dostau are however the smallest of the Asiatic species. Those from Pegu and Ava are much larger ; and the skeleton of the elephant at the Museum at Petersburgh, which was sent to the Czar Peter by the King of Persia, measures 161 feet in height.” “The African species is generally larger than the Indian. Mr. Pringle inforins us, that he met with an enormous bull elephant, (the Hottentots called him ' a big terrible fellow, plenty, plenty big') which two engineer officers agreed was 14 feet high. Major Denham, on his expedition to the (lake) Tchad, fell in with elephants which he guessed to be 16 feet in height; but one which was killed in his presence, and which he describes as an immense fellow, measured 9 feet 6 inches from the foot to the hip-bone, and 3 feet from the hip-bone to the back, making a height of 12 feet 6 inches.” Such are some of the notices of this enorinocs creature.

2. Where found. The Indiun Elephant is found in all the countries of Southern Asia ; that is, in Cochin China ; in the kingdoms of Siam, Pegu, and Ava; in Hindostan, and the adjacent islands, particularly in Ceylon. The African Elephant inhabits the south and west of Africa, from the rivers Niger and Senegal to the Cape of Good Hope, and thence through the centre of the country by Lake Tchad eastward to Ethiopia.

3. Number of Elephants. From the immense quantity of food consumed and destroyed by a single ele. phant, we might imagine that there could be but few

in existence; and probably there are but few com- of this, the wild animals had resorted thither in conpared with their puinber in former ages. Still they are siderable numbers. During our first day's journey, said to swarm in some parts of Central Africa, in the although we saw many herds of large game, such as luxuriant swamps and prairies near to the celebrated quaghas, gnoos, hartebeests, koodoos, with a variety of rivers above mentioned, so that the negroes are obliged the smaller antelopes, there was no appearance of to make their habitations under ground. On the banks elephants : but in the course of the second day, as we of those rivers, as Mr. Southey beautifully describes, pursued our route down the valley of the Koonap river,

we became aware that a numerous troop of these “ Trampling his path through wood and brake,

gigantic animals had recently preceded us. Footprints And canes, which crackling, fall before bis way, And tassel-grass, whose silvery feathers play

of all dimensions, froin eight to fifteen inches in diaO'ertopping the young trees,

meter, were everywhere visible. Among the groves of On comes the ELEPHANT, to slake

mimosa trees, which were thinly sprinkled over the His thirst at noon, in yon pellucid springs.

grassy meadows along the river margins, the traces of Lo ! from his trunk upturn'd, aloft he flings

elephants were not less apparent. Immense numbers The grateful shower : and now

of these trees had been torn out of the ground, to enable Plucking the broad-leav'd bough

the animals to browse at their ease on the soft and Of yonder plume, with waving motion slow,

juicy roots, which form a favourite part of their food. Fanning the languid air,

While we were admiring these and other indications of He waves it to and fro.

CURSE OF KERAMA.

the elephant's strength and sagacity, we suddenly found

ourselves in the midst of a numerous herd of these ani. The entertaining volume before mentioned observes, inals. None of them, however, were very close upon “ immense numbers still ranging over the uncultivated us; but they were seen scattered in little cluinps over portions of India and Africa, offer one of the many the bottom and sides of a valley two or three miles in wonderful examples of the care with which the main- Jength; some browsing on the succulent spekboom tenance of every living thing is provided for. De- (Postulacaria afra) which clothed the skirts of the hills stroying as much vegetable food as he consumes, by the on either side; others at work among the mimosa trees broad feet which sustain his prodigious weight, and sprinkled over the low and grassy savannah. As we unfitted to endure any long privations, as the camel proceeded cautiously onward, and some of these parties does, the elephant is the natural inhabitant of those came more distinctly into view (consisting, apparently, regions, where there is a wild luxuriousness of vegeta- in many instances, of separate families, the males, the tion. Civilization, partial as it is in Africa, is driving females, and he young of different sizes), the gigantic the elephant farther and farther from the haunts of magnitude of the leaders becaine more and more strikmen; but they are still seen by travellers in great ing. The calm and stately tranyuillity of their deport numbers. In his journey from Mourzouk to Kouka, ment, too, was reinarkable: though we were a band of in Bornou, Major Denham came upon elephants' foot- about a dozen horsemen, including our Hottentot attenmarks, of an immense size, and only a few hours old. dants, they seemed either not to observe, or altogether • Whole trees were broken down where they had fed ; to disregard our march down the valley”. and where they had reposed their ponderous bodies, Mahmood of Ghinzi, who invaded Hindostan in A. D. young trees, shrubs, and underwood had been crushed 1024, had 1,300 elephants in his army. When Timour, beneath their weight.' Four days after, he saw a herd or Tamerlane, about A. D. 1400, built his great mosque in grounds annually overflowed by the waters of a lake, at Samarcand, ninety-five elephants were engaged in where the coarse grass is twice the height of a man. drawing the stones. As recently as a D. 1794, the • They seemed to cover the face of the country.' Nabob of Oude went upon a huuting expedition with

Mr. Rose, an officer of engineers, who recently ac- 1,000 elephants. At Vizier Ally's wedding, iv 1795, companied some elephant hunters in South Africa, was the procession was grand beyond conception; it contold by an experienced hunter, that he had seen as sisted of about 1,200 elephants, richly caparisoned, many as 3,000 in a troop, on the bank of the Fish river ; drawn up in a regular line like a regiment of soldiers. and that he and his Hottentots had killed eight hundred In 1827, there were imported 364,784 lbs. of ivory, iu twenty months.

equal to 6,080 tusks at 60lbs. each ; to procure which, Mr. Pringle lias favoured us with a description of assuming that every elephant slain had tusks, there a herd of wild elephants, presenting a vivid picture of must bave been slaughtered at least 3,040 of these a scene, which must be one of the most reinarkable gigantic animals : but the actual slaughter was probably that can be presented to the eye in the deep solitudes double, or treble, as all have not tüsks, and some of of a tropical wilderness :

them but small ones. A herd of elephants, browsing in majestic tran- “ Williain Clarke, which served the Mogul divers quillity amidst the wild magnificence of an African years in his wars, saith, that he hath seen in one army landscape, is a very noble sight, and one of which I 20,000 elephants, whereof 4,000 for war; the rest, shall never forget the impression. It is difficult to feinales for burthens, young, &c.” Captain Hawkins, convey in a brief notice an adequate idea of such a who was at Agra in 1607, says that Jehanghir had scene. During my residence on the eastern frontier of 12,000 elephants.” the Cape Colony, I accompanied a party of English 4. The Age of Elephants. In general Providence has officers on a little exploratory excursion, into a tract ordained that animals should live to an age corre. of country then termed the Neutral Territory, imme- sponding to the magnitude of their bodies; the elephant diately joining to the location of the Scottish settlers therefore must be long-lived. The Romans, in the time at Bavian's river. This territory, which comprises an of Gordian, in the spirit of poetical exaggeration, chose irregular area of about 2,000,000 of acres, had re- an elephant for the symbol of eternity. Elephants bare mained for several years entirely

without inhabitants ; been known in India which have been in captivity one for its watire possessors, the Caffres and Ghonaquas, hundred and fifty years; and it is believed that this had been expelled from it in 1819 by the colonial forces, creature will live at least four hundred years. and no other permanent inhabitants had yet been al- We pass over the prodigious tusks of the elephani, lowed to occupy it. The colonists were even forbidden as we purpose devoting an article in our next to the to hunt in it under severe penalties; and, in consequence subject of Ivory.

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