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Thus for about three hundred years the Gypsies have GYPSIES.

wandered through the world, assuming disguises and From our earliest years we have heard many strange strange habits, speaking a cant language, and prethings said concerning that singular class of wandering tending to tell the fortunes of the ignorant and vain. people, the Gypsies. By some writers they are called As knowledge has advanced and civilization has in• Egyptians," from a belief that they originally emi- creased in England, the Gypsies have decreased, settling grated from among that people, and from which appel- in large towns, learning inechanic trades, and so belation they are called Gypsies.

coming lost in the mass of the people. Still there are This people are said to swarm as banditti in several many scattered throughout our country, retaining many European nations, in Asia, and in Africa. Europe is of the peculiar habits, but far less remarkable than fifty believed to contain 700,000 of them. Spain is said to years ago. Many of them have gained considerable afford shelter for 40,000 or 60,000: some say for twice knowledge of letters, and some are believed to live in that number. They abound in Italy, and are scattered the fear of God. through France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and The Home Missionary Society has instructed its Russia. In Spain they are called Gitanos, in France agents to direct their attention to these wanderers, and Bohemians. Writers of the greatest authority say that much good has already resulted from their benevolent they have wandered through the earth ever since the labours to serve them. Many of their children have year 1517, having at that period refused to submit to been received into Sunday Schools, while they have the Turkish yoke under Sultan Selim, the conqueror of continued in particular neighbourhoods. Tracts and Egypt. They revolted under Zinganeus their leader, the blessed word of God have been delivered to them, from whom the Turks call them Zinganees. Being and many of them, we have no doubt, have been resurrounded in their revolt, they were banished from claimed from their vagrant habits, and brought to a Egypt. They agreed to unite in small parties, and to knowledge of salvation by Jesus Christ. "I lately disperse all over the earth, professing an acquaintance met,” says one of their agents, “ with three camps of with some secret and mysterious science, by which they Gypsies, containing twenty persons, and not one of possessed a knowledge of the future destinies of inen. them could read. I spent nearly an hour with them in

In that age of superstition and credulity, they ac- reading tracts, conversation, exhortation, and prayer. quired a surprising measure of influence over the minds The behaviour of these pitiable outcasts of society was of the ignorant; and in a few years they gained such a very becoming, interesting, and praiseworthy. They number of proselytes, who assumed their language, seeined in no small measure sensible of the attention and by art imitated their complexion, that through manifested to them, and returned many thanks for what their mal-practices they became troublesome and even they heard, and promised to do and observe the imporformidable to most of the states of Europe.

tant things which I had unfolded and recommended to By an act of parliament so early as 1530, they are de- thein. As I was leaving this group, expressing their scribed, by stat. 22 Henry VIII, chap. 10, as an out- deeply felt gratitude, one of the coinpany solicited one landish people, calling themselves Egyptians, using no of the tracts which I read, which was Poor Joseph.' craft nor feat of merchandise, who have come into this I asked why he desired a tract, when neither he nor any realm, and gone from shire to shire, and place to place, one belonging to the three camps were able to read. He in great coinpanies, and used great, subtile, and crafty replied, "If you will be so kind as to give me one, I means to deceive the people; bearing them in hand that will in my travels easily get some one to read it to me:' they by palmistry could tell men's and women's for- so I supplied him with a few tracts.” tunes; and so many times by craft and subtilty have deceived the people of their money, and also have committed many heinous felonies and robberies.” On this “ CHILD-STEALING," half a century ago, we believe account they are directed to avoid the realm, and not was not uncommon among gypsies, and many an unto return under pain of imprisonment, and forfeiture of happy parent was deeply afilicted with the heaviest catheir goods and chattels; and upon their trials for any larnities by their means. Rather more than a century felony which they may have committed, they shall not ago, as the Trekschayt, or Hackney boat, which carbe entitled to a jury de me dictate linguæ.

ries passengers from Leyden to Amsterdam, was put


ting off, a boy running along the side of the canal de- I was once present at the solemuization of matri. sired to be taken in ; which the master of the boat re- mony amongst the Armeniaus; and some recollections fused, because the lad had not quite money enough to of it may tend to throw light on this and other passages pay the usual fare. An eminent merchant being pleased of Scripiure. The various festivities attendant on these with the looks of the boy, and secretly touched with occasions continue for three days, and during the last compassion towards him, paid the money for him, and night the marriage is celebrated. I was conducted to ordered him to be taken on board. Upon talking with the house of the bride, where I found a very large as. him afterwards, he found that he could speak readily semblage of persons. The company was dispersed in three or four languages, and learned upon further through various rooms; reminding me of the directions examination, that he had been stolen away when a of our Saviour, in regard to the choice of the lowerchild by a gypsy, and had rainbled ever since with a most rooms at feasts. On the ground floor, I actually gang of these strollers up and down several parts of observed that the persons convened were of an inferior Europe. It happened that the merchant, whose heart order of the community, whilst in the upper rooms seems to have inclined towards the boy by a secret were assembled those of higher rank. kind of instinct, had himself lost a child some years The large nuinber of young females who were prebefore. The parents, after a long search for him, gave sent, naturally reininded me of the wise and foolish him up for drowned in one of the canals with which the virgins in our Saviour's parable. These being friends country abounds; and the inother was so afflicted at of the bride, “the virgins, her companions” (Ps. xlv, the loss of a fine boy, who was her eldest son, that she 14), had come “ to meet the bridegroom." died for grief of him. Upon laying together all par- It is usual for the bridegroom to come at midnight; ticulars, and examining the several moles and marks so that, literally, “at midnight the cry is made, Behold, by which the mother used to describe the child when the bridegroom cometh! go ye out to meet him” he was first missing, the boy proved to be the son of (Matt. xxv, 6). But, on this occasion, “the bride. the merchant, whose heart had so unaccountably melted groom tarried :" it was two o'clock before he arrived. at the sight of him. The lad was very well pleased to The whole party then proceeded to the Armenian find a father who was so rich, and likely to leave him a church, where the bishop was waiting to receive them, guod estate; the father, on the other hand, was not a and there the ceremony was completed.-Hartley's Relittle delighted to see a son return to him, whom he searches. had given up for lost, with such a sharpness of understanding and skill in language. He was afterwards trained as a gentleman; and it is even said, that he was

THE TALIPOT LEAF. afterwards employed in foreign courts upon national All the books of importance in Pali and Cingalese, business, with great reputation and honour to those relative to the religion of Buddhoo, in Ceylon, are who sent him, and that he visited several countries as written in laminæ of the leaves of the talipot, or corya public minister, in which he formerly wandered as a phu umbraculifera. The Pali and Cingalese character gypsy."

is engraved upon them with either a brass or an iron

style. There are some of these books in Sir AlexanILLUSTRATION OF GEN. XXIX, 25.

der Johnstone's collection, which are supposed to be

between five and six hundred years old, and which are It appears almost impossible to Europeans, that a de

still perfect. This leaf is used in the maritime proception like that of Laban's could be practised. But

vinces of Ceylon as a mark of distinction, each person the following extract, from a Journal which I kept at

being allowed to have a certain number of them folded Smyrna, presents a parallel case.

up as fans, carried with him by his servants; and also, 'The Armenian brides are veiled during the mar.

in the Kandian country, in the shape of a round fiat riage ceremony; and hence deceptions have occurred, in

uinbrella on a long stick It is used likewise in makregard to the person chosen for wife. I ain informed,

ing tents. Sir Alexander Jobustone gave to the late that, on one occasion, a young Armenian at Smyrna

Sir Joseph Banks, in 1818, a very fine specimen of a solicited in marriage a younger daughter, whom he ad

tent made of these leaves, large enough to hold a party mired. The parents of the girl consented to the request,

of ten persons at table. The leaves are also used by and every previous arrangement was made. When the

the common people to shelter themselves from the time for solemnizing the marriage arrived, the elder

rain, one leaf affording sufficient shelter for scren or daughter, who was not so beautiful, was conducted by

eight persons. the parents to the altar, and the young man was un. consciously married to her.. 'And it came to pass, that, in the morning, behold, it was 'the elder daughter. ON THE INDIAN JASMINE FLOWER. The deceit was not discovered till it could not be rectified; and the manner in which the parents justified

How lovelily the Jasmine flower themselves was precisely that of Laban : 'It must not

Blooms far from man's observing eyes, be so done in our country, to give the younger before

And having liv'd its little hour, the first-born.' It is really the rule amongst the Ar

There withers, there sequester'd dies. menians, that neither a younger son nor daughter be

Though faéled, yet 'tis not forgot; married, till their elder brother or sister have pre

A rich perfume, that time can't sever, ceded them."

Lingers in that unfriended spot, It was in conversation with an Armenian of Smyrna

And decks the Jasmine's grare for ever. that this fact was related to me. I naturally exclaimed,

Thus, thus should man, who seeks to soar “Why, that is just the deception which was practised

On learning's wing to fame's bright sky, upon Jacob !” “What deception?” he asked. — As Far from his fellows seek that lore, the Old Testament is not yet translated into any lan

Unheeded live, sequester'd die. guage with which the Armenians are familiar, he was

Thus, like the Jasmine, when he's filed, ignorant of the story. Upon giving him a narration of

Fame's rich perfume will ever keep Jacob's marriage, as it is related Gen. xxix, he assented Ling’ring around the faded dead, to it at once, as a circunstance in no respect impro

As saints that watch soine infant's sleep. bable.



tions. The short of the business is, this machine is eterON THE MOSAIC ACCOUNT OF THE CREATION.

val, and so are all the inotions; and inasmuch as a

circular motion bath no beginning or end, this motion No apology is necessary for laying before our Readers

that you see both in the wheels and index, and the the sentiments of this great man on the “ Origination

successive indications of the celestial motions, is eterof Mankiod,”—we are sure they will agree with his

nal, and without beginning: Aud this is a ready and Biographer in the opinion, that it contains “ a rare and

expedite way of solving the phenomena, without so Fery agreeable mixture, both of fine wit, and solid

much ado as you have made about it.' learning and judgment."

And whilst all the masters were thus contriving “That which may illustrate my meaning, in this the solution of the phenomenon, in the hearing of the preference of the revealed light of the Holy Scriptures artist that made it, and when they had all spent their touching this matter, above the essays of a philosophical philosophizing upon it, the artist that made this engine, imagination, may be this. Suppose that Greece, being and all this while listened to their admirable fancies, unacquainted with the curiosity of mechanical engines, tells them, 'Gentlemen, you have discovered very though known in some remote region of the world ; much excellency of invention, touching this piece of and that an excellent artist had secretly brought and work that is before you; but you are all miserably deposited in some field or forest some excellent watch mistaken; for it was I that made this watch, and or clock, which had been so formed, that the original brought it hither; and I will show you how I made it. of its motion were hidden, and involved in some close First I wrought the spring, and the fusee, and the contrived piece of mechanism ; that this watch was so wheels, and the balance, and the case and table; I framed, that the motion thereof might have lasted a fitted them one to another, and placed these several year, or some such time as might give a reasonable axes that are to direct the motions, of the index to period for their philosophical descanting concerning it; discover the hour of the day, of the figure that discovers and that in the plain table there had been not only the the phases of the inoon, and the other various motions deseription and indication of hours, but the configura- that you see; and then I put it together, and round tions and indications of the various phases of the moon, up the spring, which hath given all these motions that the motion and place of the sun in the ecliptic, and you see in this curious piece of work; and that you divers other curious indications of celestial motions ; may be sure I tell you true, I will tell you the whole and that the scholars of the several schools of Epicurus, order and progress of my making, disposing, and orderof Aristotle, of Plato, and the rest of those philosophical ing of this piece of work, the several materials of it, sects, had casually in their walk found this admirable the manner of the forining of every individual part of automaton ; — what kind of work would there have been it, and how long I was about it.' made by every sect, in giving an account of this pheno- “ This plain and evident discovery renders all these menon? We should have the Epicurean sect have told excogitated hypotheses of those philosophical enthuthe by-standers, according to their preconceived hypo- siasts rain and ridiculous, without any great help of thesis, " That this was nothing else but an accidental rhetorical flourishes, or logical confutations. And concretion of atoms, that, happily fallen together, had much of the same nature is that disparity of the hypomade up the index, the wheels, and the balance; and theses of the learned philosophers, in relation to the that being happily fallen into this posture, they were origination of the worki and man, after a great deal of put into motion. Then the Cartesian falls in with him, dust raised, and fancied explications, and unintelligible as to the main of their supposition; but tells him, hypotheses. The plain, but divine narrative by the * That he does not sufficiently explicate how the engine hand of Moses, full of sense and congruity, and clearis put into motion; and therefore, to furnish this mo- ness and reasonableness in itself, does at the same motion, there is a certain materia subtilis that pervades ment give us a true and clear discovery of this great this engine and the moveable parts, consisting of certain mystery, and renders all the essays of the generality of globular atoms apt for motion : they are thereby and the heathen philosophers to be vain, inevident, and indeed by the mobility of the globular atoms put into motion.' inexplicable theories, the creatures of fantasy and imaA third finds fault with the two former, because those gination, and nothing else.” motions are so regular, and do express the various phenomena of the distribution of time, and the heavenly INFLUENCE OF PRAYER ON THE CHARACTER. motions ;' therefore it seems to him, that 'this engine and motion also, so analogical to the motion of the

(Extracted from Advice to a Young Christian, by the heavens, was wrought by some admirable conjunction

Religious Tract Society, which we earnestly recomof the heavenly bodies, which formed this instrument

mend to our Young Friends.) and its motions, in such an admirable correspondency There is nothing which so elevates a character, and to its own existence.' A fourth, disliking the supposi- especially a female character, as deep and intimate tions of the three former, tells the rest, *That he hath communion with God. She seems then to be allied to a more plain and evident solution of the phenomenon, angelic natures. A sort of mellow radiance is poured namely, the Universal Soul of the World, or Spirit of into her character, as if some particles of heaven's glory Nature, that formed so many sorts of insects with so had been let fall upon her. She moves in a higher sphere many organs, faculties, and such congruity of their than the generality of her sex. She is another being than whole composition, and such curious and various mo- those idle, sickly daughters of pleasure, who waste their tions, as we may observe in them, hath formed and set lives in dreaming fanciful visions of happiness, sporting into motion this admirable automaton, and regulated awhile amid life's tumultuous joys, and then sinking and ordered it, with all these congruities we see in it.? unblessed into a wretched eternity. She converses with Then steps in an Aristotelian, and being dissatisfied God. At a throne of grace she acquires a benevolence, with all the former solutions, tells them, Gentlemen, a dignity, a humility, which throw around her an atyou are all mistaken ; your solutions are inexplicable tractive lustre, put sweetness into every action and and unsatisfactory; you have taken up certain preca. expression, make her contented in every condition of rious hypotheses, and being prepossessed with these life, patient under every affliction, faithful in the discreatures of your own fancies, and in love with them, charge of every duty, and which even grace her dying right or wrong you form all your conceptions of things hours, and make her death-bed privileged beyond the according to those fancied and preconceived imagina- common walks of life.'

A. S. S. Teacher.


Fairest of all earth's gay parterre,

I ask'd the heav'ns, “What foe to God hath done
In nature's choicest vest array'd,

This unexampled deed ?”. The heav'ns exclaim'd, I love to view thee mildly rear

'Twas man; and we in horror snatch'd the sun Thy form beneath the sheltering shade.

From such a spectacle of guilt and shame.”

I ask'd the sea. The sea in fury boild, 'Tis sweet thy loveliness to trace

And answer'd with his voice of storms, “ 'Twas man; Within thy leaflet's fold conceal'd,

My waves in panic at his crime recoil'd,
'Tis sweet to mark thy modest grace

Disclosed th' abyss, and from the centre ran.”
In richest radiancy reveal’d.

I ask'd the earth, the earth replied, aghast,

“ 'Twas man; and such strange pangs my bosom rent, What though the proud carnation's hue

That still I groan and shudder at the past."
Bedeck thee not with deepest dye;

To man, gay, smiling, thoughtless man, I went,
Yet, lowly flower, thy beaming blue

And ask'd him next. He turn'd a scornful eye,
Heeds not its scornful rivalry.

Shook his proud head, and deign'd me no reply.
Thou boastest not the rose-bud's bloom,

Or the gay tulip's gorgeous show;
But sweeter breathes thy mild perfume,

And fairer tints thy beauty's glow.

Emblem of innocence and truth,

Peter the Great of Russia frequently surprised the
Thou courtest not th' intrusive gaze,

magistrates by his unexpected presence in the cities of But like the bashfulness of youth

the empire. Having arrived without previous notice at Retirest from the sun-beam's blaze,

Olouez, he went first to the regency, and inquired of Thine is the flower I fondly prize,

the governor how many suits there were depending in

the court of chancery.' “ None, Sire," replied the goSymbol of love and constancy; For brightest gleams in light-blue eyes,

vernor. “How happens that?” “ I endeavour to preAffection's noblest fervency.

vent law suits, and conciliate the partics ; I act in such a manner, that no traces of difference remain on the archives: if I ain wrong, your indulgence will excuse

me.” “I wish,” replied the Czar, that all governors DR. FRANKLIN'S LESSON FROM DR. MATHER. would act upon your principles. Go on : God and your Tue celebrated Dr. Franklin once received a very use

Sovereign are equally satisfied.” ful lesson from the excellent Dr. Cotton Mather, which he thus relates in a letter to his son, Dr. Samuel

DONATIONS OF SIXTEEN HUNDRED POUNDS. Mather, dated Passy, May 12, 1781:-" The last time I saw your father, was in 1724. On taking my leave, We are delighted to record the liberality of some anohe showed me a shorter way out of the house, through nymous Christian friend; who, in addition to the four a narrow passage, which was crossed by a beam over hundred pounds given to the Home Missionary Society head. We were still talking as I withdrew, he accom- on June 25, gave on the same day the same sum tu panying me behind, and I turning towards him; when each of the following : the British aud Foreign Bible he said hastily, 'Stoop! stoop!' I did not understand Society; the Religious Tract Society; and the Londou him till I felt iny head hit against the beam. He was a Missionary Society. man who never missed an occasion of giving instruction; and upon this he said to me,

You are young;

At the Monthly Lecture, delivered by Dr. Sinith, at and have the world before you. Stoor as you go through Dr. Collyer's chapel, Peckham, on Thursday, July 4, it, and you will miss many hard thumps. This advice, our humble work was noticed in terms of high approthus beat into my head, has frequently been of use to

bation. The subject of the adınirable Lecture was, me: and I often think of it, when I see pride mortified, “ Moral Reform essential to National Prosperity;" and misfortunez brought upon people by carrying their

and, as a means of promoting that great object, the heads too high.”

ChristiaN'S PENNY MAGAZINE was recommended. To have the commendation of such a man as the Theological tutor of Honerton College, and author of the

“Scripture Testimony to the Messiah,” we consider THE REFORMED AMERICAN PLANTER.

no mean praise. A WEALTHY planter in Virginia, who had a great number of slaves, found one of them reading a Bible, and The Christian's PENNY MAGAZINE may be delivered weekly reproved him for neglect of his work, saying there in the Towns of the United Kingdom, by those Booksellers and was time enough on Sundays for reading the Bible,

Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being un

stamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a newspaper. and that on other days he ought to be in the tobacco

But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who house. The slave repeated the offence, and he ordered cannot obtain the publication weekly, it will be published every him to be whipped. "Going near the place of punish- four weeks in parts, each including

four numbers; excepting in ment soon after its infliction, curiosity led him to lis- June and December, in each of which a part will be published ten to a voice engaged in prayer; and he heard the containing six numbers. No extra charge will be made for the

wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the twelve parts poor black implore the Almighty to forgive the injus

will be 4s. 4d. tice of his inaster, to touch his heart with a sense of

London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, his sin, and to make him a good Christian. Struck with

Poppin's Court, Fleet Street, and may be had of all Bookremorse, he made an inmediate change in his life,

sellers and Newsmen. which had been careless and dissipated; burnt his pro

Communications (post paid) to be addressed to the Editor, at fane books and cards, liberated all his slaves, and ap

the Publishers'. peared now to study how to render his wealth and ta

Hawkers and Dealers supplied on Wholesale Termis, by STEILL, Icnts useful to others.

Paternoster Row, and Berger, Holywell Street, Strand.

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CHRISTIAN INSTRUCTION SOCIETY. The metropolis of Great Britain is the “ Fountain of Intelligence to the World.” No one who is possessed of information which renders him capable of passing a judgment, will dispute the accuracy of this position; and men of literature the most erudite, of science the most profound, and of art the ipost improved, are to be found among its accomplished sons. Knowledge, how, ever, is not limited in its possession to London : Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool, Biriningham, Bristol, Leeds, Sheffield, and other populous towns of Great Britain, if not possessed of the most learned bodies, have been distinguished by their elegant artists, their ingenious mechanics, and their skilful engineers.

Knowledge, and science, and art, are considered by many the glory of London, and of our great provincial cities; and we may reasonably make our boast of them, as they contribute to the greatness of our country: they bring prosperity and security to the empire. But Christian patriots contemplate our vast metropolis and our populous towns with deep commiseration, beholding the prodigious increase of their inhabitants, and the inadequate provision for their religious instruction. London, it is computed, contained about 500,000 inhabitants two centuries ago, while it nuinbered almost 200 places of worship belonging to the established church, and no dissenters were allowed. Eighty-nine churches were destroyed in the conflagration of 1666 : many of them were rebuilt, and 50 new churches were erected in the reign of Queen Anne. While the population has been so rapidly increasing, a correspondent attention has not been paid to the religious necessities of the inhabitants, including the generous efforts of the dissenters. From the Picture of London” in 1803, we learn there were at the beginning of the century,

Vol. I.

344 places of worship in the metropolis, of which 116 were episcopal churches, and 62 chapels of ease. Since that period the places of worship belonging to the established church have been increased to about 200, and those of other denominations, including Roman Catholics and Jews, to rather more. But the population has arisen to 1,500,000! What an affecting disproportion between the inultitudes of immortal beings, and the accommodation for religious instruction! Believers in the doctrines of the Holy Scriptures cannot but be deeply affected with the consideration, that more than a Million of the inhabitants of our metropulis, are destitute of the public means of Christian instruction !

Under this affecting conviction of the danger of the community from infidelity and immorality, in 1825, “THE CHRISTIAN INSTRUCTION Society” was formed. It originated with some benevolent dissenting ministers in London, who deeply felt the degradation of thousands of its inhabitants. This society, therefore, was formed by the principal dissenters, to carry forward an organized system of visiting the lanes, and courts, and wretched districts of the metropolis, to establish prayer mectings, Sunday schools, and preaching places, and especially to distribute religious tracts by weekly loans. Many of the congregations in London have adopted the plans of this society, and the most signal tokens of the Divine blessing have attended these labours of love and visits of mercy. The report for the year ending May 1831, states, that “at the present time there are sixtyfive associations, which engage the benevolent attention of 1,173 gratuitous visitors, who have during the past year visited 31,591 families. So that by your voluntary agency alone, religious tracts and books are now placed within the reach of at least 150,000 individuals ” “Jinmediately connected with the numerous associations are to be found 93 stations for reading the Scrip


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