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BRITISH SAILORS. British sailors, of whom it is computed there are nearly 200,000, deserve and demand the kindest sympathy of all their countrymen. To them, under Divine Providence, we owe much of our security, and many of our comforts as a nation. Yet they were formerly no less notorious for their wickedness ihan celebrated for their bravery. Many of them still are not less depraved than in past years, addicted to every species of vice and immorality. But, generally speaking, the character of British seamen is improving greatly, and not a few of them have become real Christians ; intelligent, pious, and exemplarily correct in their niorals, as well as spiritual and devotional in their disposition and habits.

Efforts the inost noble and disinterested have been made by individuals and societies during the last fifteen years; and several Institutions have been formed to promote their general improvement and their eternal salvation. The “Port of London Society," the "Bethel Union,” and the “British and Foreign Seamen and Soldiers' Friend Society,” have been the means of endless blessings to those, among whom their labours have been exercised.

Admiral Lord Gambier, and his worthy relatives, with many other officers of the royal navy, have done themselves immortal honour by their active countenance of these Institutions. Several missionaries are employed among the sailors in the port of London, and other sea-ports of the kingdom. Preaching to the sailors on board their ships has been the means of eternal benefit to many. Bethel meetings for prayer are held on board those vessels whose captains are pious, or in. clined to sanction the religious improvement of their men. One of the agents writes, “I frequently behold five, six, and even seven lanterns, the humble but significant symbols for divine worship ;” and at these meetings, chiefly in the vessels of colliers, he says, “four, five, six, and more of the sailors engage in prayer." Pious ingenuity has contrived varions plans for the permanent benefit of sailors ; among which, besides the “Naval and Military Bible Society,” “Sailors' Maga

Vol. I.

zines,” “Ship Libraries,” and Tracts of different kinds must not pass unnoticed. “A Mariner's Church,” near the water, a "Floating Chapel,” on the river Thames, and more recently by some zealous churchmen, an Episcopal Church,” have been fitted up for divine worship, by which means we believe great good has been done among seamen and watermen, and many officers have declared that their pious men are the best sailors.

Numerous anecdotes might be gii on of the beneficial effects of religious instruction among both sailors and soldiers, but the following will perhaps be most in. teresting to our young readers.

The Young Praying SAILOR. —“Some time ago, in a dreadful gale of wind, in which a vessel called the Betsey was lost, and all hands perished except the master and carpenter, there was one of the ships whose master was often at the prayer meetings, and his vessel was always open for these exercises. The gale was so severe, and the ship was so much injured by it, that she became almost a wreck, and quite ungovernable; the master gave up all for lost, as every human effort seemed in vain, and nothing but a watery grave awaited them. There were two little boys in this vessel, one cried very much, and said he should be drowned ; the other said, 'Don't cry, Jack; I am not afraid, -- it is now eight o'clock, and they are praying for us on board some ships in the Thames; you know they always pray for us when we are at sea. The captain heard the remark; it seemed to invigorate him; he and all hands used every exertion; and it pleased God to abate the severity of the gale, and in thirty-eight hours afterwards they were safely moored in the river, when they hoisted the signal flag for prayer, and had a meeting for praise and thanksgiving for their great deliverance. A friend who was on board at the time, and spoke to the lads, said to the one who made the above remark,

Was it you, Dick, that cried during the gale, and was afraid of being drowned?' 'No, it was Jack : I was not afraid. Don't you always pray for our ship in Lon.

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don?' Yes, and didn't you pray?' 'Yes, I did.' been equal to nearly 22 inches, which would show the * And what did you say, my lad?' I said, O Lord, length of the ark about 550 English feet, its breadth save my master! O Lord, save the ship! Let Daniel's 91 feet, and its height 65 feet. Upon this scale God save the ship!' I trust you always pray. Yes, Dr. Arbuthnot has computed the ark to have been ever since the prayer meeting was held on board our 81,062 tons burthen; and as the largest East India mership; I never get into my hammock without first pray- chant ships are reckoned at about 1,300 tons burihen, ing; but Jack won't, although I tell him he ought." the ark of Noah must have had capacity equal to more

than sixty of those surprising vessels.

The ark contained, besides the eight persons of

Noah's family, one pair of each species of unclean NOAH'S ARK. – GEN. VII.

animals, and seven pairs of each species of clean

animals, with provisions for them all during a The prodigious magnitude of which Noah's Ark must year. Moses describes the ark as divided into three have been constructed, has occasioned serious specula- stories, each of ten cubits, or about eighteen feet high ; tion and ingenious calculations. Infidels, as was na- and it is allowed, as most probable, that the lowest tural to expect from them, have zealously laboured to story was for the beasts, the middle for the food, and discredit the account which has been given of it by the upper for the birds with Noah and his family; each

story being divided into different apartments or enmity and folly; while they have been the means of rooms.' Josephus, the Jewish historian, reckons, calling forth the talents of pious anathematicians, who with much reason, another under stury, or convenient have demonstrated the groundless nature of all their ob- place, to receive the filth of the whole living creatures jections.

in the ark. The materials of which the ark was made are men- The learned and ingenious Bishop Wilkins computes tioned by Moses. Noah was instructed to build it of all the carnivorous animals equivalent, as to the bulk of gopher wood; and to “pitch it within and without with their bodies, and their requirement of food, to 27 wolves, pitch.” The timber is believed to have been of the and all the rest to 280 oxen. For the former he cedar, or of the cypress tree: very strong, light, and allows 1,825 sbeep; and for the latter 109,300 cubits durable wood, not easily subject to rottenness, or to of hay, all of which might be contained in two of the decay through worms. The

cypress

abounded in stories, and much room to spare. As to the third Assyria, where the ark is supposed to have been made; story, no one can doubt that it would be sufficient for and'it was frequently used for ship-building, especially the fowls, with Noah and his family. Upon the whole, by Alexander the Great, by whom a fleet was built the Bishop remarks, that of the two, it appears much from the groves of cypress growing near to Babylon. more difficult to assign a number and bulk of necesThe pitch was a kind of bitumen, a natural fat clay, sary things to answer the capacity of the ark, than to found in abundance in the same country, and it is im- find sufficient room for the several species of animals penetrable by the worm or by water.

already known. This he attributes to the imperfection The dimensions and capacity of Noah's ark have of our list of animals, especially of those of the unbeen regarded by prejudiced unbelievers as a reason known regions of the earth; and he adds, that the most for their rejection of the writings of Moses. But expert mathematicians of this day could not assign the a little calculation and reflection will show that the proportions of a vessel better accommodated to the objection is founded in error. The form of the ark purpose than is here done. Hence he concludes, that was an oblong square, with a flat bottom and a sloping the capacity of the ark, which has been made an roof, not suited for a distant voyage, but admirably objection against Scripture, ought to be esteemed a adapted to float steadily upon the water. It was so confirmation of its divine authority; since, in those contrived as to admit light and air on all sides, which ruder ages, men, being less versed in arts and philois intimated by the general term window. It seems to sophy, were more obnoxious to vulgar prejudices than have had another covering besides the roof, probably at the present time : so that, had it been a human inmade of skins; which being thrown over, would hang vention, it would have been contrived, according to before the window, to prevent the entrance of the rain. those notions, and from a confused and general view This Noah could easily remove, when he looked out of things, as much too large, as it has been represented and saw that the earth was dry.

by inconsiderate persons as too small. Beside the places The dimensions of the ark, as given by Moses, were requisite for the beasts and birds, and their provisions, 300 cubits in length, 50 cubits in breadth, and 30 there was room, therefore, sufficient for Noah's utencubits in height. Some learned men, who take the sils, instruments of husbandry, and seeds for the ground lowest computation, reckon the cubit at about 18 in- after the Deluge: for which purposes he might spare ches, by which the ark was 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, room in the third story for thirty-six cabins ; beand 45 feet high; or nearly as long as St. Paul's cathedral sides a kitchen, a hall, four chambers, and a space in London, and about half the size of that immense of forty-eight cubits in length for the convenience of building. By this measurement, Dr. Hale shows, that exercise in walking. “it would be of 42,4 13 tons burthen; and as a first rate We may observe further, a vast multitude of persons man-of-war is about 2,300 tons burthen, it would hold must have been employed in building the ark under as much as eighteen of the largest ships now in use ; the direction of Noah, and also in furnishing its proviand might carry 20,000 men with provisions for six sions; and few of thein, it is probable, gave heed 10 months, besides the weight of 1,800 cannons, and all the preacher's ministratious. How truly affecting the requisite military stores. Can any one, therefore, doubt consideration, that great numbers of the workmen were of its being sufficient to contain eight persons, and disobedient to the prophet's doctrine, and unbelievers about two hundred, or two hundred and fifty pairs of in the mission of Noah; and who, consequently, were four-footed anjinals, a number to which, according to excluded the ark and perished in their sins! But such Buffon, all the various distinct species may be reduced ? has been the case in all ages of the church of God. The fowls are to be added, and such insects and reptiles Many, who have been instruments in building it up, as cannot live in water, with provisions for twelve have sacrificed all portion in its saving blessings, by months.”

their secret infidelity of heart, and their evident ünholi. But the Hebrew cubit is generally allowed to have ness of life. Matt. vii, 22, 23.

STATISTICS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

guished by its language above any other nation, as it

contains the beauties of all those which have been The empire of Great Britain far surpasses every other esteemed as the most learned or polished. It is derived in the world. It is sometimes said that “

The sun

from the Welch, the Latin, the French, the German, Dever sets on the British dominions." Extravagant as the Italian, and the Greek; so that the English language this expression may appear to some persons, it will

is the inost copious of any now spoken by mankind, probably be admitted as correct, when it is considered that the subjects of the crown of Gre

Britain are

and adapted to every species of literary composition,

scientific, poetical, or theological. more than 150,000,000, more than a sixth portion of the human family; dwelling, not only in Europe, but

Besides all these advantages essential to national

greatness is public liberty: this arises preeminently in Asia, Africa, America, and Australasia. The United British Einpire consists of the two large

from just views of religion, and liberty has increased

with the advancement of scriptural knowledge. While, islands of Great Britain and Ireland, with other smaller

therefore, rational liberty secures to individuals the islands in their vicinities; of extensive colonies in North and South America, in the West Indies, in Africa,

rights of property, it confers independence on the in. and the East Indies; of New Holland, the largest

dustrious. The representatives of the people in the

Cominons' House of Parliament, have the power of re. island in the world, Van Dieman's Land, and other islands in the vast Pacific Ocean; and of the fortresses

fusing money supplies to the government; and juries

protect their fellow subjects from vexatious accusaof Gibraltar and Malta in the Mediterranean. By means of its powerful and unequalled navy, the

iions, and illegal punishments: these two are the great

supports of civil liberty. As long, therefore, as the British government is enabled to extend its authority

House of Commons and juries are independent, and do over all seas; and in the language of poets, Britannia is

their duty, under the blessing of Almighty God, the justly called, “The Mistress of the Ocean," and "Queen

English must remain a free and a prosperous people. of the Isles." Its territories, and the population depend

The wealth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain ing upon the British government, equal or exceed any of the four great monarchies of antiquity.

is prodigious, corresponding with the favoured circum

stances of its industrious inhabitants. Great Britain itself is an island, including the three distinct divisions and ancient kingdoms of England,

Private property is estimated at.

£.2,570,000,000 Public property.

100,000,000 Wales, and Scotland, now united under one govern- Colonial property.

140,000,000 ment: it is about 550 miles long, and from 120 to 300 miles broad. Great Britain contains 65,000,000 of

2,810,000,000 acres of land, of which there are 42,000,000 in England, Mortgaged for repayment of the national debt, about 810,000,000 5,000,000 in Wales, and 18,000,000 in Scotland: but of

Balance £.2,000,000,000 these nearly 20,000,000 are still uncultivated.

From this brief view of the distinguished eminence Ireland in its greatest length is about 200 miles, and in its greatest breadth about 200; containing nearly

of the British Empire, we learn several most important 20,000,000 of acres, two-thirds of which are in cultiva

and interesting lessons. tion. The population of both islands, according to

First, That the four seasons of the year are experienced the returns of 1831, is for

on the same day in the various parts of the British domi

nions. England.

13,089,336 Wales...

805,336

Secondly, That the territory of the whole British Scotland.

2,365,807

empire equals in square miles the greatest empires of Ireland....

7,734,365

antiquity. Army and Navy.

277,017

Thirdly, That in consequence of the universal diffu.

sion of the British empire, all the natural productions 24,271,861

of the earth, and all the industrious ingenuity of the Great Britain enjoys a temperate climate, and is whole human race, contribute to the wealth, luxury, covered with perpetual verdure : its soil amply rewards

and gratification of the inhabitants of Britain. the toil of the husbandınan, yielding abundance of 1. Fourthly, That Great Britain possesses the means of grain, fruit, vegetables, wool, cheese, butter, and all increasing or diminishing the prosperity and happiness other necessaries of life; neither is the science of agri

of all nations, and that the whole human race depend culture better understood in any country, nor practised in a great degree upon British wisdom, benevolence, with such diligence and success. Though it has no and activity. Alpine mountains, like Switzerland and Italy, its scenery Fifthly, That the greatness and importance of the is diversified, romantic, and beautiful, and in Wales and Scotland mountaivous and grand.

English nation arise from the influence of public liberty,

independent representatives in the parliament, and trial A fairer isle than Britain, never sun

by honest juries.
View'd in his wide career : a lovely spot
For all that life can ask; salubrious, mild.

Sixthly, That the ascendancy of Great Britain in a
Its hills are green, its woods and prospects fair;

great degree arises from the intelligence of her people, Its meadows fertile; and, to crown the whole

and that this is chiefly produced by the liberty of the In one delightful word, it is our home,

press, which, though in many instances highly perni. Our native isle, where pure religion dwells.”

cious through abuse, is yet an inestimable blessing. The United Empire possesses peculiar sources of Seventhly, That the intelligence, liberty, industry, transcendent wealth, in her inexhaustible mines of wealth, and national influence of Great Britain, arise iron, copper, tin, lead, and coals ; in her extensive directly or remotely from the possession of the Divine inanufacture of woolleus, cottons, linen, cutlery, hard- Revelation in the Holy Scriptures. These, while they ware, jewellery, &c.; and in her unexampled com. make provision for mankind, as fallen guilty creatures, merce, which is five times greater than that of any other proclaiming forgiveness, a future life, and the resurdation, ancient or modern.

rection to eternal glory through an Almighty Saviour, The present population of the British islands, is authoritatively teach and enforce the obligation of every composed of descendants of the ancient Britons or personal and social duty, enjoin the cultivation of uniWelch, the Irish, the Picts, the Romans, the Saxons, versal knowledge (much of which itself supplies), and the Danes, the Normans, and those of various nations, the pursuit of liberty as essentials of religion; and re. who through a series of ages have settled in these quires the most enlarged benevolence to all the family islands, as a secure asylum. Britain is further distin. 1 of man, irrespective of clime or kindred.

« He

ON CHRISTIAN UNION.

about to buy twenty, he would give them the old man

into the bargain. The purchase was accordingly made, The following, which we extract from Flavel, will be

and the slaves were conducted to the plantation of their found as suitable for the present times as for those in

new master : but upon none did the selector bestow which that eminent servant of God lived :

half the attention and care he did upon the poor old “God hath distributed variety of gifts and graces in decrepid African. He took him to his own habitation, different degrees amongst His people. The improve- and laid him upon his own bed, he fed him at his own ment of these gifts and graces to the glory of God, and table, and gave him drink out of his own cup; when our mutual edification, is the very scope and end of he was cold, he carried him into the sunshine ; and communion. Every man hath his proper gift of God, when he was hot, he placed him under the shade of the and the gifts and graces of all are this way made cocoa nut trees. Astonished at the attention this conuseful and beneficial. Job was exemplary for plain- fidential slave bestowed upon a fellow-slave, his master ness and patience: Moses for faithfulness and meek- interrogated him upon the subject. He said, “ You ness: Josiah for tenderness, and a melting spirit. could not take so intense an interest in the old man, Athanasius was prudent and active: Basil heavenly but for some special reason : he is a relation of and of a sweet spirit: Chrysostom laborious, and with- yours, perhaps your father?No, Massa,” an. out affectation : Ambrose resolved and grave. One swered the poor fellow, “ be no my fader!” hath quickness of parts, but not so solid a judgment : is then an elder brother?“ No, Massa, he no my another is solid, but not ready and quick. One hath broder!” “ Then he is an uncle, or some other relaa good wit; another a better memory; a third excels tion?” “No, Massa, he nu be of my kindred at all, them both in utterance. One is zealous, but ungrounded; por even ny friend !" Then,” asked the master, another well principled, but timorous. One is wary “ on what account does he excite your interest ?” and prudent; another open and plain-hearted. One “ He my enemy, Massa," replied the slave; "he sold is trembling and melting; another cheerful and full me to the slave-dealer ; and my Bible tell me, when my of coinfort. Now the end and use of church-fellowship enemy hunger, feed him ; and when he thirst, give him is to make a rich improvement unto all by a regular drink.”- Missionary Intelligence. use and exercise of the gifts and graces found in every one. One must impart his light, and another his warmth. The eye (viz. the knowing man) cannot say

THE PASS OF UPSALLATA (S. AMERICA). to the hand (viz. the active man) I have no need of "It is impossible to convey an adequate idea of the thee. Unspeakable are the benefits resulting froin spi- solitary grandeur of those immeasurable ridges, whose ritual and orderly communion ; but whatever the bene- peaky summits seem to pierce the firmament. The fits be, they are all cut off by schisms and dissensions; wearisome, and almost never-ending, ascents and defor as faith' is the grace by which we receive all froni scents along the course of rumbling torrents, so far God, so love is the grace by which we share and divide the beneath as to be, though within heuring, not always comfort of all among ourselves. The excellent things within sight, impart a character of loneliness not comof the Spirit are lodged in carthen vessels, which death mon to mountain barriers, when enlivened by a few will shortly break, and then we have no more benefit scattered human habitations. In the Cordillera it is a by them ; but these jars and divisions render saints, pleasure to meet even the stag-like gaze of the guanaco, as it were, dead one to another whilst they are alive. and equally a relief to look at the condor, as, with unAh! how lovely, how sweet and desirable it is to live futtering wing, it floats almost movelessly above, bearin the communion of such saints as are described, ing the same relative proportion to the eagle of Europe Mal. iii, 16. To hear them freely and humbly open that his native Andes do to the Alps. The snow in their hearts and experiences to one another! After some of the highest table-lands is difficult to pass, bethis manner, some say, the art of medicine was found cause it dissolves in such a manner as to leave an irreout. As any one inet with an herb, and discovered the gular surface, like fields of sugar-loaves of different virtue of it by any accident, he was to post it up; and sizes. Mules frequently sink to the girth, and surso the physician's skill was perfected by a collection of mount these obstructions with great toil. The strange those posted experiments. But, woe to us! we are noises made by gusts of wind in the reverberating ready to post up each other's failings and infirmities, valleys sound to the ear of the timorous guide like to the shame and reproach of religion; and to furnish moans; and he does not fail to recount long stories of our common enemies with matter of contempt and travellers that have perished, and whose souls he supscorn against us all.”

poses still haunt the vicinity of their unburied remains."

-Memoirs of General Miller.
INFLUENCE OF THE GOSPEL.

THE PIGEON OF THE EAST.
A slave in one of the islands of the West Indies, who
had originally come from Africa, having been brought The bird let loose in eastern skies,
under the influence of religious instruction, became

When hast’ning fondly home, singularly valuable to his owner, on account of his in

Ne'er stoops to earth her wing, or flies tegrity and general good conduct. So much so, that

Where idler wanderers roam ; his master raised him to a situation of some consequence But high she shoots through air and light, in the management of his estate. His owner, on one

Above all low delay, occasion, wishing to purchase twenty additional slaves,

Where nothing earthly bounds her flight, employed him to make the selection, giving him in

Or shadow dims her way. structions to choose those who were strong and likely to make good workmen. The man went to the slave

So grant ine, God, from every stain market, and commenced his scrutiny. He had not long

Of sinful passion free, surveyed the multitude offered for sale, before he fixed

Aloft, through virtue's purer air, his eye intently upon one old and decrepid slave, and

To steer my course to thee! told his master that he must be one. The master ap

No sin to cloud, no lure to stay peared greatly surprised at his choice, and remonstrated

My soul, as home she springs : against it

. The poor fellow begged that he might be Thy sunshine on her joyful way, indulged; when the dealer remarked, that if they were

Thy freedom on her wings.

FLOWERS AND FRUITS.

ments of taste, as surpass all that the most critical FLOWERS and Fruits in all their luxuriant loveliness luxury could prepare, or the most lavish fancy ima. cover the whole face of nature at this welcome season.

gine. So that those coarse and senseless logs first deBritain's varying climate is not indeed the most fa

corate the divine creation, then perform the honours of vourable to the perfection of flowers : but admirers of

the table." these loveliest ornaments of creation have no need to

Pope has represented Pride as saying, seek the emperor of Persia's celebrated garden at Negauristan, to enjoy their enchanting beauty and delight- “ For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, ful fragrance. Our own gardens present them to us

Suckles each herb, and spreads out every fów'r, in the hardy snowdrop, the timid crocus, the smiling

Annual for me, the grape, the rose renew

The juice nectareous, and the balmy dew." primrose, the

But piety may adopt bold ranunculus, the delicate lily, and the brilliant rose, in tian “ Infinite numbers, delicacies, smeils,

of the operations of nature, should reverence nature's With hues on hues beyond expression, paint

God, and say with Thomson-
The breath of Nature, and her endless bloom."

· Harl, SOURCE OF BEING! UNIVERSAL SOUL Sir Robert Ker Porter represents the rose especially Of heaven and earth! ESSENTIAL PRESENCE, hail ! as the glory of Negaurista:), which abounds with the To Thee I bend the knee, to Thee my thoughts inost beautiful trees. He speaks of two plants full

Continual climb; who, with a master-hand,

Hast the great whole into perfection touch'd. fourteen feet high, laden with thousands of flowers, in

By Thee the various vegetable tribes, every degree of expansion, and of a bloom and delicacy

Wrapt in a filmy net, and clad with leaves, of scent, that imbued the whole utmosphere with the most Draw living ether, and imbibe the dew : erquisite perfume. Probably ours are neither so fra

By Thee disposed into congenial soils grant nor so beautiful; but we have seen in the royal

Stands each attractive plant, and sucks, and swells

The juicy tide, a twining mass of tubes ! gardens at Kew, more than a hundred varieties of the

At Thy command the vernal sun awakes rose, perhaps little less lovely than those of Persia.

The torpid sap, detruded to the root An elegant writer observes, “ The kitchen garden By winiry winds, that now in fluent dance presents us with a new train of benefits. In its bloom

And lively fermentation mounting, spread

All this innumerous-colour'd scene of things!” ing ornaments, what unaffected beauty! in its culinary productions, what diversified riches! It ripens a multitude of nutrimental esculents, and almost an equal abundance of medicinal herbs; distributing refresh- PROPORTION OF BRITISH EXPENDITURE FOR ments to the healthy, and administering remedies to the sick. The orchard, all fair and ruddy, and bowing

RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS. down beneath its own delicious burthen, gives us a

Our population exceeds twenty-four millions. The fresh demonstration of the Creator's kindness; regales

rental of our landed property is rated at sixty millions us, first, with all the delicacies of summer fruits, next,

a year; the interest of our funded debt is thirty milwith the more lasting succession of autumnal dainties.

lions; and to these the untold profits of professional “ What is nature but a series of wonders, and a fund

pursuits, merchandize, traffic, and labour, must be of delights! That such a variety of fruits, so beauti

added, to show the total income of the inhabitants of this fully coloured, so elegantly shaped, and so charmingly

country. Our taxes on luxuries may also, in some flavoured, should arise from the earth! than which

measure, illustrate our means of voluntary expenditure, nothing is more insipid, sordid, and despicable. I am

remembering that these taxes are but a limited proporstruck with pleasing astonishinent at the cause of these

tion of the real sum which we pay for luxuries taxed. fine effects, and no less surprised at the manner of

In 1830, the amount of the customs in the British isles bringing them into existence. I take a walk in my

on foreign articles imported, was twenty-one millions ; garden, or a turn through the orchard, in the month of

the anjount of the duties on British and foreign spirits, December. There stand several logs of wood fastened

was upwards of eight millions ; the taxes on carriages to the ground. They are erect indeed, and shapely,

and hürses for riding, raised above 700,0001. but without either sense or motion. No human hand

Contrast, then, exertions in missions by Protestants will touch them, nu human aid will succour them : yet,

of every land, with the manifested resources of this in a little time, they are beautified with blossoms, they

country. Our national rental and funded interest, the are covered with leaves, and at last are loaded with

more independent part of our national annual incoine, mellow treasures, with the downy peach and the po- exclusive of the profits of professions, merchandize, lished plum; with the musky apricot and the juicy

traffic, and labour, averages about seventy-five shillings pear ; with the cherry and its coral pendants, glowing

a year for each individual of our twenty-four millions ihrough lattices of green;

of inhabitants. The aggregate sum given to all the and dark,

religious institutions put together, averaged but sixBeneath her ample leaf, the luscious fig.'

pence a year for each individual inhabitant of our “I have wondered at the structure of my watch ; country. The bare taxes on luxuries, or injurious in. wondered more at the description of the silk mills; inust dulgences, make us blush for our country, by showing of all at the account of those prodigious engines in.

us how totally disproportionate is our whole expenditure vented by Archimedes. But what are all the inventions for inissionary objects. The mere customs are thirtyof all the geometricians and mechanics in the world, five times as much; the bare duties on British and compared with these inconceivably nice automata of foreign spirits are thirteen times as much as all Protesnature! These self-operating machines dispatch their tant Christians give to religious societies. The taxes business with a punctuality that never mistakes, with a on our carriages and riding horses exceed the whole dexterity that cannot be equalled. In spring, they annual income of all religious societies of Protestant clothe themselves with such unstudied, but exquisite nations ! May we each gather a practical lesson-to finery, as far exceeds the embroidery of the needle, or give more to the cause of Christ than we do to rain the labours of the loom. In autumn, they present us pleasure ; and not to be among those who are lovers of with such a collation of sweetmeats, and such blandish. pleasure more than lovers of God.- Rev. E. Bickersleth.

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