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consequent upon the introduction of manufactures, pendent College, near_Sheffield, Rev. C. Perrot, and and its invariable accompaniments, abundant manure, Rev. T. Smith, M. A. Tutors. Airdale Independent Coland a ready market for produce, the land has been lege, Idle, Rev. W. Vint, Tutor. Baptist College, rendered equally valuable with that of districts natu- Bradford, Rev. W. Steadman D.D. and Rev. B. Godwin, rally more fertile, and the face of the country has Tutors. assumed a totally new aspect.
AssocIATIONS, &c. - Sunday School Unions, 16. Yorkshire is distinguished for its rivers, the principal of which are the Ouse, Aire, Don, Derwent, Colder,
West Riding Home Missionary Society: Secretaries,
Messrs. J.H. Cooke and J. Pridie, income about 4001. Wharf, Nidd, Ure, and Hull, all terminating in the Humber, which enters the German Ocean between
per annum. Holderness Mission, East Riding, Hali.
fax Association; Secretary, Rer. John White, NorthYorkshire and Lincolnshire.
COMMITTALS FOR CRIME.
1,291. EccLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION, &c.—Diocese, York. Diocesan, Dr. Vernon.
Cathedral Dignitaries, 69; Church Livings, 809. In the gift of the Government, 113; Church, 350; Universities, 32; Public Bodies, 13; Nobility and Gentry, 299; Inhabitants, 2.
Endowed Public CHARITIES.- Annual rental and dividends, 48,9281. 38. 4d.
Bible Society AUXILIARIES, contributions of 1829, 7,3171. 78. Jld.
Missions.-Church Missionary Society, 3,9241.28.11d. London, 2,945l. 128. Ild.; Wesleyan, 8,5771. 198. 4d.; Baptist, 4991. 58. 10d.; Home, 1111.98. 11d.; Unitarian, 991. 148. 6d. ; Tract Society, 2471. 158.5d.
SCHOOLS FOR THE POOR.-Numbers educated in 1829 : National 26,007; British, 4,495 ; Sabbath 87,348.
Religious DENOMINATIONS, &c.—Church Livings, as above, 809; Roman Catholic congregations, 46; Presbyterian, 13; Quakers, 64; Particular Baptists, 51; General Baptists, 9: Wesleyan Methodist, 532; Calvanistic Methodist, 1; Other Methodist, 147; Independents, 154 ; Home Missionary Stations, 2. Many not ascertained. Total Church of England
809 Dissenters Reported
1019 General Total ............... 1828 COLLECIATE INSTITUTIONS, &c.—Manchester Col. lege, York, for the education of Unitarian Ministers, Rev. Charles Wellbeloved, Tutor: Rotherham Inde
ADDRESS OF JOSEPH JOHN GURNEY, ESQ.
(Continued from p. 223.) Geology is a favourite study in the present day, and few persons of any education are now unacquainted with the classification in question. We have the primitive rocks; the transition, the secondary, the tertiary, and the alluvial; each bearing the marks of a watery formation; and each maintaining its own order in the series, notwithstanding the frequent interruption from below, of vast protruding masses supposed to be of fiery origin. The secondary rocks in particular, composed of alternate layers of sand-stone and lime. stoue, are replete with fossil remains of plants and ani. mals — the intelligible remnants of a once abundant, but now obsolete life.
Now among all these remains, not a trace is to be found of man. Man therefore, beyond all reasonable question, is comparatively a modern creature. And not only is this true of the human race, but of the other species of animals and plants, which now enliven and adorn the world. If I am correct in my apprehension of the subject, they are all, or nearly all, NEW; belonging to an order of nature distinctly different from that which these ancient rocks display. For ever therefore must we lay aside the idle notion of an infinite series of finite creatures, producing their own likeness. Geology affords a palpable evidence, that the present order of animal and vegetable life had a coinmencement within some period of moderate limitz.
But we have not yet stated our whole case. While the secondary rocks display to the geologist an order of created beings prior to the present, the primitive rocks—those vast masses of granite and gneiss which form the lowest and oldest tier of the crust of the earth are wholly destitute of these curious remains of animal and vegetable life. From this fact we may fairly infer, that time was, and at no immeasurable distance, when there existed on the surface of our globe, no plants or animals whatsoever. Not only therefore is man com. paratively modern – not only may all the different species with which we are now acquainted be traced to a first origin— but all preceding orders of living and growing creatures, must have had their commencement also withiu the limits of time. Undoubtedly, there. fore, the existence of the human race, together with the whole present and past system of animal and vegetable life, is an effect which nature and philosophy compel us to ascribe to some adequate cause. Every one knows that this adequate cause can be only one-THE FIAT OF OMNIPOTENT WISDOM.
From these remarks, you will easily perceive how false is the notion entertained by some persons, that geology is fraught with a sting against religion. So far from it, this delightful science has done much to confirin the Scripture record, and to complete that natural proof of a supreme intelligent Being, on which all religion hinges. Let it ever be remembered, that
of all persons in the world, the Christian has the least ledge is founded? I answer, on that which is the basis reason to fear the influence of truth. Truth is the of every other branch of knowledge-Belief. very element which he breathes. It is his hope, his I have endeavoured to make it clear to you, that strength, and his life. From whatsoever quarter it even philosophical and mathematical knowledge inbursts in upon him, he hails its approach, and greets it evitably rest on certain principles which are received as his firmest friend. His inotto is unchanged and only by an intuitive conviction, or natural fuith, and unchangeable.- Magna est veritas et prævalebit - that historical knowledge depends solely on that pe“ TRUTH SHALL TRIUMPH."
culiar kind of belief, which is produced by testimony: To look through nature up to nature's God, is indeed I might have gone further - I might have reminded a profitable and delightful employment. While i you, that your circumstances preclude the greater part would warmly cncourage you to cultivate so desirable of you from making philosophical experiments for youra habit, I wish again to remind you that the wisdom selves, and from engaging in those mathematical calcuand power of God - displayed as they are in the out- lations, on which depends the certainty of astronomical ward creation — are inseparably connected with his science. You are compelled to take for granted the moral government. Just in the degree in which we results of other men's inquiries and labours; and are obedient to that government-just in the degree you do not hesitate to believe those results to be true. in which our faculties, both bodily and mental, are And why? Because you rely ou the testimony of books, subjected to God's holy law- will all the knowledge - on the testimony of your lecturers. A few moments' which we acquire be blessed to our own happiness, thought will convince you, that almost all the knowand to that of our fellow inen. Hence we may ledge you possess, of nature and philosophy, as well as form some idea of the vast importance of that fourth of geography and history, rests on no other basis what. branch of knowledge, to which allusion was made in soever, than fuith in testimony. the early part of this address, and on which I shall now
(To be continued.) make a few remarks-I mean moral and religious knowledge.
And where is this to be obtained ?. Certainly, we PARAPHRASE OF DEUT. XXII, 1-10. may furnish our minds with some considerable portions of it by reading the book of nature aud providence;
Give ear, O Heav'ns! thou outstretch'd Earth, attend ! but there is another book which must be regarded as
Let all creation mute observance lend; ils depository~ a book in which all things moral and
Jehovah speaks ! who gave all nature birth : spiritual, belonging to the welfare of man, are fully un
Listen, O Heavens! and give atteution, Earth! folded. True indeed it is that natural science proclaims As fruitful showers my doctrine shall be found; the power and wisdom of God; that the perceptible My speech like dews that gently bless the ground; tendency of his government makes manifest his holi- As vernal rain upon the springing grass, ness; and lastly, that the surplus of happiness bestowed My saving word, niy quickening truth shall pass. on all living creatures demonstrates his goodness. I Because I publish to the world abroad believe it is also true that the law of God is written, in
The mighty works, the glorious name of God, characters more or less legible, on the hearts of all men.
Ascribe ye greatness to our God, and bring But for a full account of his glorious attributes--for the An offering ineet to earth's Eternal King. knowledge of religion in all its beauty, and strength, and completeness
He is the Rock, and perfect is his way, we must have recourse to the Bible - we must ineditate on the written word. There the
His power and glory Earth and Heaveu display ; whole moral law is delineated with a pencil of heavenly
A God of truth, no sin can bear his sight: light. There man is described in his true character.
Pure are his ways, and all his judgments right. Above all,
LIFE AND IMMORTALITY” are brought to But man! frail man! corrupted is his race, light by the Gospel.” “ This is LIFE ETERNAL, to
Perverse and crooked still the ways they trace; know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom Thro' every age the same dark spots will show thou hast sent!”
His nature sinful- and its produce, woe. Do not imagine, my friends, that I am about to
And is it thus that ye requite the Lord ! preach you a sermon; that is not my present business;
Thus, foolish people, trampling on his word ! but I consider it to be strictly within the order of my Thus heedless, scorn a Father's gracious voice, snbject, to invite and encourage you to seek diligently Nor make his glorious name your grateful choice! after that knowledge, on subordination to which, depends the ultimate utility and adrantage of all other
His people still the Lord his portion calls, mental cultivation. I beg of you therefore, not to neg
And Jacob's lot to Him apportioned falls, lect the daily perusal of the Holy Scriptures. When you
He found him helpless 'midst the howling wild, return home in the evening from your day's business,
He saw — he pitied - brought himn forth, and smil'd. and before you retire to rest, devote a little time, I be- He led him on, instructed thro' his youth, seech you, to the collectiug of your families together. Guided his path, and fed his soul with truth, Read a chapter in the Bible to them, in a serious and Watched o'er his way with love that never slept, deliberate manner; and then pour forth your prayers And, exquisitely kind, his Israel kept. to that God, in whom you live and move and have your
S. F. W. being—to that God who can alone bless your labour and your study, and preserve you in peace, virtue, and safety.
THE PRAYING FAMILY SAFE. The religion of the Holy Scripiures will sweeten Polanus speaks of a town in the territory of Bern, in your sorrows, and sanctify your pleasures. It will Switzerland, consisting of ninety houses, all of which keep not only your family circle, but your own were destroyed by an earthquake, except the half of minds, in right order; and while it will discountenance one house, where the master of the family was earnestly all vain notions and false speculations, it will enlarge praying with his wife and children to God. Thus was and improve your faculties, for every wise and worthy the promise fulilled; “He shall call upon me, and I purpose.
will answer him; I will be with him in trouble, I will But you ask me, on what moral and religious know- deliver him and honour him.”
THE EARTHENWARE MAN'S PRAYER. It is storied of a Spanish woman, who went about
Related by the father of the Rev. Mr. Gregg, late of
St. Alban's, in whose barn the poor old man had begging from door to door, with her three children,
lodged for the night, and where he was orcrheard that when a French merchant offered to take the eldest of them into his service, she haughtily refused, assign
the next morning. ing for a reason, that she did not know but her son might Thank God I have slept soundly to-night, and so yet live to be king of Spain! We fear such wayward this moruing am pure and well. Thank God my ass is ideas of dignity are not uncommon; and the habits well, and has ate a good lock of hay, her crust of superinduced by them prove they are no less perni- bread, and drank half a pail of water. God bless us cious. They who always brood over the golden egg, both to-day! and give me strength to walk afoot, that neglect that which is more precious than gold, even if I may'nt be forced to get up and ride the poor beast, it could be multiplied according to their most sanguine for she has Juggage enough already. God Almighty anticipations; for what so prolific a mother of vice as send that folks may want my wares, and that somebody idleness? Among all those, who, within my know- may take a liking to my ballads; and then as can ledge,” says Dwight, “ have appeared to become afford it may give me some victuals and drink, that I sincerely penitent and reformed, I recollect only a may not give my ballads to servants for it, when their single lazy man; and this mau became industrious masters and mistresses don't kuow un't. God Almighty from the moment of his apparent, and, I doubt not, lead us through green lanes, where my poor ass real conversion. The sinful prostitution of his time may light of good cropping, without running into other and talents, and his ready adınission of temptations to folks' grass or corn; and that, poor thing, she mayn't his heart, fix the idler in a regular hostility against all tumble down and hurt herself, and break my wares. And the promises and threatenings of Religion : while his God Almighty ineline somebody to give me a night's self-conceit makes him too wise, willingly to receive lodging ; and that I may have a dry barn, and some wisdom even from God." We would therefore strenu- barley straw too (an't please God); I am grown old ously enforce it on parents especially, to maintain now, and a hard bed is worse than it used to be. But amongst their children a system of active employment, I don't distrust God Almighty's care, for he never let as one of the best means of rendering them upright me want in my life, and 30 his great and holy name and honourable in society. The peculiar bias of their he praised now and evermore. Amen." respective dispositions being ascertained, let them have Is there not in all this an honest simplicity and grateful something to do according with it--something to keep contidence in God, suited to bumble and instruct thonthe body or mivd incessantly at work — something sands with more spiritual attainments and advantages? which will make relaxation itself an exercise, and exercise a relaxation. Discipline like this cannot fail
INTERPRETATION OF WORDS OR ACTIONS. of realizing its own reward ; whereas the negleet of it must inevitably bring along with it a proportionate There is no word or action but may be taken with degree of punishment. Whatever the Spanish lady two hands, either with the right hand of charitable might have imagined, we may be quite sure, beggary construction, or the sinister hand of malice and suspi. afforded no greater facilities to the enthroneinent of cion; and all things succeed as they are taken. I bare her first-born arone, than labour could have done. known evil actions, well laken, pass for cither indifferent “ The band of the diligent shall bear rule, but the or coinmendable. Contrarily, a good speech or action, slothful shall be under tribute.”
ill taken, scarce allowed for indifferent, an indifferent one T. C.H. censured for evil, an evil one for notorious. So farour
makes virtues of vices; and suspicion makes virtues
faults, and faults crimes. Of the two, I had rather my THE HAPPY LIFE.
right hand should offend : it is safer offending on the BY SIR HENRY WOTTON.
better part. To constrne an evil action well, is but a How happy is he bred and taught,
pleasing and profitable deceit of myself; but to mis. That serveth not another's will,
construe a good thing is a treble wrong-to myself, the Whose armour is his honest thought,
action, and the author. If no good sense call be made And simple truth his utınost skill.
of a deed or speech, let the blame light upon the
author. If a good interpretation may be given, and I Whose passions not his masters are,
choose a worse, let me be as much censured of others, as Whose soul is still prepar'd for death;
that new conceit is punishment to myself.—Bp. Hall. Unty'd unto the world by care of public fame, or private breath.
CLERICUS next week, if possible: his favour did not arrive in
time for the present Number. Who envies none that change doth raise,
“MY MOTHER” in the First Number of our new Volume. Nor vice hath ever understood; How deepest wounds are giv'n by praise ;
London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street ; to whom all Communicatious for the Editor (post paid) Nor rules of state, but rules of good.
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Birmingham, by Butterworth. Newbury, Varily.
Brighton, Saunders and Son. Norwich, Bowles.
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Of whom may be had any of the previous Parts or Numbers.
SPA-FIELDS, OR NORTHAMPTON, CHAPEL. the Countess, visited Spa-Fields Chapel, as it was called,
a little time after it had been opened by Mr. Haweis ; SPA-FIELDS CHAPEL, of which the Engraving is a and from the withdrawment of Messrs. Haweis and correct representation, was originally built for a Glascott, he was the principal clergyman who officiated; Theatre, and called the Pantheon. It was opened for but expecting siinilar treatment, he and Mr. Taylor, the amusement of the public, in the year 1770, at a before mentioned, determined on seceding from the period when London was favoured with but very few Church of England, rather than the Gospel should be evangelical clergymen. The devoted Mr. Romaine excluded from this place, in which a very large congrewas then labouring as Rector of St. Ann's Blackfriars, gation had been gathered. preaching to large congregations, with only about This chapel is a circular building, with a handsome, three or four clerical colleagues of a like serious spirit neatly-ornamented dome; it has two galleries all round, in the whole metropolis.
one above the other, supported by small columns about The Pantheon, not receiving the public patronage, six inches in diameter, which give it a light appearance. 80 as to pay the speculators, was closed, and offered to The chapel will accommodate about 3,000 persons ; be let; when it was taken by several friends of religion, and, from its first opening, it has generally been well and fitted up as a place of worship, and called North- altended, supplied chiefly, till within a few years, by ampton Chapel, being on the estate of the Earl of ministers of the Establishment. Northampton. Divine service was commenced in it, Spa-Fields Chapel deserves especial notice, on acrather privately, on Saturday evening, July 5, 1777, on count of its connection with the formation and progress which occasion the late Rev. John Ryland, of North- of the various great religious Institutions which are the ampton, officiated, by license under the Toleration Act.
glory of our country and the means of blessing to the On the following day, it was publicly opened by the world. The London Missionary Society, the British Rev. Herbert Jones and the Rev. William Taylor, two and Foreign Bible Society, the Religious Tract Society, clergymen of the Church of England, whom the pro- the Home Missionary Society, and others of a kindred prietors had engaged as the stated ministers.
spirit, have always found in this congregation generous Messrs. Jones and Taylor, not having come to terms friends and supporters. Connected with this chapel is with the Rev. W. Sellon, ininister of St. James' Clerken- a Charity School for clothing and educating 35 boys well, in which parish Northampton Chapel is situated, and 25 girls; a Sunday School; a Benevolent Society were prosecuted by that gentleman, and obliged to for the Relief of the Sick; a Maternal Society for the discontinue their services after about eighteen months. relief of Lying-iu Women; and a Juvenile Society for
Religious worship having been suspended for some assisting Females; besides several others for the supweeks, the Countess of Huntingdon opened it as her port of aged and infirm Ministers of the Countess's con. chapel, on Sunday, March 28, 1779. 'The Liturgy of nection, and in aid of the Missionary Societies. the Church of England was continued, and the Rev. Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Haweis, one of the Coun
Principles and GovernMENT OF LADY Hunting, tess's chaplains, officiated. In a short time, Mr. Haweis
DON'S CONNECTION. was cited before the Spiritual Court, and obliged to The following extract from a reply to an inquiry as discontinue his services, which he did not resume till to the principles of this Society, will be interesting to after the decease of the minister of the parish at that many: it was written in 1796. time. The Rev. C. Glascott, another of Lady Hunting- “We desire to be esteemed as the members of Christ's don's chaplains, was also introduced to officiate, but Catholic and Apostolic church, and essentially one was soon obliged to withdraw by the same unchristian with the church of England, of which we regard ourmeans. The Rev. Thomas Wills, another chaplain of selves as living members. And though, as the Church Vol. I.
TO THE MECHANICS OF MANCHESTER.
of England is now governed, we are driven to a mode should persevere in that lie through life, and sacrifice of ordaining ministers, and maintaining societies not every worldly advantage, and even life itself, to the amenable to what we think abused episcopal jurisdic. support of it? It is not a far greater breach of every tion; yet our own mode of government and regulating established probability, that twelve men, of the same our congregations will probably be allowed essentially virtuous character, should all tell this lie-should all episcopal. With us a few preside. The doctrines we persevere iu it without deviation — should all sacrifice subscribe (for we require subscription), and what is their property, their peace, and their reputation better, they are always truly preached by us, are those should all be willing to lay down their lives, in its main. of the Church of England, in the literal and grain. tenance? Is it not, lastly, an actual moral impossimatical sense. Nor is the liturgy of the Church of bility, that this lie, accompanied by no temporal force England performed inore devoutly in any church, nor and no worldly advantage, but by every species of the Scriptures better read, for the edifying of the loss and affliction, should triumph over the prejudices people, as those who attend our Sunday congregations
of the Jew and the favourite 'habits of the Gentile can witness."
- should be accepted aud believed by myriads - and should finally enthrone itself over the whole Roman
empire ? ADDRESS OF JOSEPH JOHN GURNEY, ESQ. But the truth of Christianity does not depend solely
on those miraculous facts to which we have now ad
verted. Prophecy duly fulfilled is itself a miracle, (Concluded from p. 230.)
equally applicable to the proof of religion ; and the What then can be more irrational than to refuse to
Scriptures abound in predictions, of which history bas receive religious knowledge-because it rests, in part, already recorded the fulfilment. The events by which on the saine foundation ? The doctrines of Christianity many of them have been fulfilled — for example, the are founded on facts ; and those facts are the subject spread of Christianity, and the dispersion of the Jewsof testimony. And we are sure that the facts are true, are familiar to us all. and therefore that the doctrines resting on them are I wish I could persuade you to examine the prophedivine, because the testimony in question is at once cies scattered over the Old Testament, and meeting us abundant in quantity, and sound in character. I can- at every point in a most unartificial manner, respecting not now enter op a detailed account of the historical
the Messiah who was to come.
I wish I could induce rvidence, by which are proved the genuineness of you to compare them with the history of his birth, life, the Holy Scriptures, and the reality of the events
character, ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension, which are there recorded. But since you are accus- contained in the four Gospels. You would find the toined to receive the testimony of your lecturers with prophecy and the history tally with a marvellous preimplicit confidence, I beg of you on the present occa- cisiou ; and since the Old Testament can be prored to sion to accept my own. I believe I am an honest have been written long before the coming of Christ, man, and I have long been accustomed to investigate you would find yourselves in possession of an evidence the subject. I am ready, then, to declare in your of which no cavils could deprive you, that Christianity presence -- in the presence of all Manchester - of all
is God's religion. When a lock and a key are well England - of all Europe - uay of the whole world - fitted, a fair presumption arises, even though they be of that there are no facts whatsoever within the whole
a simple character, that they were made for each other. range of ancient history, of the truth of which we have If they are complex in their form, that presumption is more abundant and conclusive evidence, thap of the considerably strengthened. But if the lock is comDeath AND RESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST. In
posed of such strange and curious parts as to baffle deed I know of no ancient events on record, of which the skill even of a Manchester mechanic-if it is absothe evidence is nearly so much accumulated, or nearly lutely novel and peculiar, differing from every thing so strong
which was erer before seen in the world, if no key in The resurrection of Jesus Christ, together with the the universe will enter it, except one ; and by that one iniracles of Christ himself and his apostles, are our sure it is so easily and exactly fitted, that a child may vouchers that the Author of Nature, who can alope sus.
open it - then indeed are we absolutely certaiu that the pend or reverse its order, was the Author of Christianity. lock and the key were made by the same master-hand, These miracles bore no resenblance to the false pre- and truly belong to each other. No less curiously ditences of the fanatical and superstitious. They were, versified-no less hidden from the wisdom of man-po for the inost part, immediate in their operation ; wrought less novel and peculiar—are the prophecies contained in public; utterly incapable of being accounted for by in the Old Testament, respecting Jesus Christ. No less second causes : and of so broad and conspicnous a cha- easy - no less exact - is the manner in which they are racter, that no deliberate eye-witness could be deceived fitted by the Gospel history! Who then can doubt respecting thein. Nor were they in point of fact im- that God was the Author of these predictions of probuble events. Who will deny that the dark and the events by which they were fulilled — and of the degraded condition of mankind required an outward religion with which they are both inseparably conrevelation of the Divine will? Who will not allow that nected ? iniracles are a suitable test - the most suitable one But independently of all outward testimony, and of which we can imagine — by which the truth of such the evidence of miracles and prophecy, Christianity a revelation might be established? Who does not per- proclaims its own divine origin, by its character and its ceive, that under such circumstances, it was credible effects. This is a subject on which we appeal to your
- nay highly probable — that God would permit or or- native good sense, to your practical feelings, to your dain them?
personal experience. Christianity is the religiou of True indeed it is, that they were directly opposed iruth, because it is the religion of holiness. In vain to the course of nature. Otherwise they would not will the student scarch the pages of Plato and Aristotle have been miracles- they would not have answered -in vain will he examine the conversations of Socrates their purpose. But is it not equally opposed to the -in vain will he dive into the disputations of Ciceroknown order of things, that an honest man, in bearing for a moral system so complete, so simple, and so effiwitness to these facts, should tell a deliberate lie? İs cacious, as that of the Bible. Where within the whole it not yet more at variance with that order, that be range of uuinspired ethics, shall we find any thing