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struck the executioners because they could not force heads, cach containing from one hundred to one huna single groan from their victim. “That!” exclaimed dred and fifty seeds. Another species called the acanthe sufferer, with the most provoking coolness,“ dost thum vulgare, produces above one hundred heads, each thou too wish to avenge me of these brutal men ? " containing from three hundred to four hundred seeds. Dacian now foamed at the mouth, and roared, rather Suppose we say that these thistles produce, on a medium, than spoke, to them, --" Cannot you extort one cry of only eighty heads, and that each contains only three pain from this man, ye who have so often bent the most hundred seeds; the first crop from these would amount stubborn malefactors? Is he thus to triumph over us?” to twenty-four thousand. Let these be sown, and their Sharper instruments were now brought, the flesh of the crop will amount to five hundred and serenty-six inilChristian was torn from his bones, and his whole body lions. Sow these, and their produce will be thirteen represented the appearance of one vast wound. For å billions, eight hundred and twenty-four thousand milmoment even the savage Dacian was, or appeared to be, lions; and a single crop from these, which is only the softened. “Young Christian,” said he, "hast thou no third year's growth, would amount to three hundred pity for thyself? In the flower of thine age canst thou and thirty-one thousand seven hundred and seventynot be persuaded to avoid a horrible death by one act of six billions; and the fourth years' growth will amount submission?” “ Thy feigned sympathy,” replied the to seven thousand nine hundred and sixty-two trillions other with the same unshaken tranquillity, affects me six hundred and twenty-four thousand billions;- a as little as the exquisite torments thou causest me to progeny more than sufficient to stock not only the surfeel. I will not deny my Maker for thy idols of wood face of the world, but of all the planets in the solar and stone. Thy perseverance will fail sooner than my system, so that no other plant or vegetable could posconstancy.”
sibly grow, allowing but the space of one square foot The victim was next laid on an iron bed, the surface for each plant -Dr. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the of which was covered with sharp projecting points, and Bible. a slow fire placed under it. His body was pressed against the spikes, boiling liquids were poured into his his bones were crushed by blows with iron
DIVISIBILITY OF MATTER. wounds; bars : in short, every species of torture was employed DivisiBILITY is that property of matter by which its that hellish cunning could devise. Still the heroic parts may be divided and separated. sufferer murmured not. At length, his mangled limbs Thus, as matter cannot be annihilated by division, having been dashed on a bed of sharp flints, he felt so, however small the particles into which it is divided, that the moment of his deliverance was at hand. In each will have an upper and under surface, which may vain did the tyrant order him to be laid on a comfortable be separated by suitable instruments. couch, and every effort made to restore him, that, on Esp. 1. A grain of gold, melted with a pouud or his recovery, huinan ingenuity might be taxed for the 5,760 grains of silver, and a single grain of the mass invention of new torinents : in a few hours he expired. dissolved into diluted nitric acid, the gold, though His corpse was carried out to sea, and plunged into the only the 5,761st part of a grain, will fall to the bottom, waves : it was soon washed on shore, was found by and be visible; but the silver will be dissolved in the some Christians, and secretly buried. The report of acid. his superhuman constancy was rapidly spread through- 2. A grain of silver may be beaten till a microscope out Christendom; and in the time of St. Augustine his shows 1,000 distinct parts; if one of these be then disfestival was celebrateil in every Christian place.- solved, it will tinge 18,000 grains of water; a grain is Lardner's Cycl-pediti, History of Spain and Portugal. therefore divisible into 18,000,000 sensible parts.
3. A pound of cotton has been spun so fine, that it
would extend 168,000 yards, or 95 iniles. ON THE GROWTH OF PLANTS.
4. A grain of gold may be hammered by the gold The astonishing power with which God has endued beater, so that the naked eye can see the two millionth the vegetable creation to multiply its different species, part of the grain. inay be instanced in the seed of the elm. This tree 5. Also till it will cover 50 square inches, and is only produces one thousand five hundred and eighty-four then the hundred thousandth part of an inch. millions of seeds; and each of these seeds has the 6. In addition to these experiments, there are anipower of producing the same number. How astonish- malculæ so small, that many thousands together are ing is this produce! At first one seed is deposited in smaller than the point of a needle. the earth; from this one a tree springs, which in the Mr. Lewenhoeck says, there are more animals in the course of its vegetable life produces one thousand five milt of a cod-fish, than men on the whole earth; and a hundred and eighty millions of seeds. This is the first single grain of sand is larger than four millions of these generation. The second generation will amount to animals. Moreover, a particle of blood of one of these two trillions five hundred and ten thousand and fifty- animalculæ has been found by calculation, to be as six billions. The third generation will amount to four- much less than a globe of 1-10th of an inch diameter, teen thousand six hundred and fifty-eight quadrillions, as that globe is less than the whole earth. He states, seven hundred and twenty-seven thousand and forty that a grain of sand, in diameter but the hundredth trillions. And the fourth generation will amount to part of an inch, will cover 125,000 of the orifices fifty-o. e sextillions, four hundred and eighty-one through which we perspire; and that of some animal. thousand three hundred and eighty-one quintillions, one culæ, 3,000,000,000 are not equal to a grain of sand. hundred and twenty-three thousand one hundred and 7. The patural divisions of inatter are still more thirty-six quadrillions ! Sums too immense for the wonderful, In odoriferous, bodies a surprising subhuman inind to conceive; and when we allow the most tility of parts is perceived ; several bodies, in a long confined space in which a tree can grow, it appears tiine, scarcely lose any sensible part of their weight, that the seeds of the third generation from one elm and yet continually fill a very large space with odoriwould be many myriads of times more than sufficient ferous particles. to stock the whole superficies of all the planets in the Dr. Reill computes the magnitude of a particle of solar system !
assa fætida, to be only thirty-eight trillionths of a cubic Thistles multiply enormously: a species called the inch. One grain of musk will diffuse its odour for many carolia sylvcstris bears ordinarily from twenty to furty years.-Blair's Natural and Experimental Philosophy. :
cient cavity for hatching the eggs, and rearing the As this beautiful and interesting science will form one
young We have one of these nests, for example,
which could almost be hid in the hollow of the hand, among the departments of our Magazine, it has been thought, that it would prove acceptable to many, espe
and another built about a yard from it which would
fill a hạt. When the nest is built on a tree, however, cially to our junior readers, to give a few papers, with the view of exciting attention to those objects, which
it is always nearly of the same dimensions, about a foot
in diameter each way.” “But wherever the nest is lie immediately within their reach, and of assisting them in their observations. We shall endeavour to
placed, a roofing seems to be an indispensable requi
site; and when built on a tree, a doine of straw is piled divest our descriptions of all the technicalities of sci.
together in the loose, lumbering, inartificial style of ence, or, if we are compelled to use them, shall afford
the rest of the structure, an entrance being formed such explanation, that they will easily be understood.
under this, in the side, sufficient to admit the birds, but We shall offer no apology for using what may have been written by other people; our object is to instruct,
not neatly rounded. When sparrows build in the ivied and we wish to do it in the most pleasing and in the
wall of a house, as they often do, they do not consider most efficient manner; at the same time, we shall duly
the thick clustering of the leaves above the nest as a acknowledge to whom we are indebted, for any matter
sufficiently warm coping ; and in such cases, usually, if
not always, they construct a dome of straw, though we may introduce to our readers. We begin with
much more slight than in nests built on the exposed THE SPARROW.
branches of trees.". Mr. Reanie has placed this bird
in a class which he ingeniously calls dome builders. (Fringilla Domestica, Linn. Passer Domesticus, Ray).
“ This bird lays six eggs of a whitish colour, spotted This well-kuown little bird is found all over Europe, with dusky brown or ash grey” (Col. Montague's Orand also in Africa and Asia. It inay be called the com- nithological Dictionary, p. 486); but there is a remarkpanion of man, never appearing but where he has able difference in the marking of the eggs, no two erected his dwelling; and, as Col. Montague observes, being exactly alike.
The writer of this paper pos“on the extensive and dreary mountain not a sparrow sesses specimens taken from different nests about his is to be seen, and the sight of one bespeaks some habi- house, in which this is particularly the case; and this tation near." It seems to depend on man for its sup- difference does not only exist in the eggs of different plies, taking its place with much andacity among the birds, but between the eggs of the same bird ; howpoultry, and feeding upon what has been thrown to ever, the general character is as described above : he thein. It will also visit the garden, and pick up the has two specimens taken from a nest under the tiles, seeds sown by the gardener, unless he takes some me- in which the colour is dusky brown, spotted with darker thod to prevent it; and although it prefers grain of all shades of the same colour.' The sparrow weighs about kinds, yet it will take its station in a gooseberry or seven drachms: it produces three broods in a year. currant bush, especially the latter, and help itself very freely, “without having been invited.”. From the circumstance that these birds build either
SIGNS OF RAIN. about the house, or on trees, it has been popularly inferred that there are two kinds; but this is not the case.
The following “Signs of Rain” may prove acceptable The bird usually selects some warm situation for its
to our readers in this beautiful but variable month of liest, either upon or near the dwelling of man, some
June. They form an excuse to a friend for not actimes building in holes under the tiles, &c., and some
cepting au invitation to make an excursion with him, tiines in trees. Its nest is made in a very slovenly manner,
by the late Dr. Jenner. and consists of the refuse of the work table, sweepings “ The hollow winds begin to blow : of the house, bits of bass from the garden, &c. Mr. Ren. The clouds look black, the glass is low; nie says (Architecture of Birds, p. 319), “a pair of The soot falls down, the spaniels sleep, these birds, unfortunately for themselves, carried off And spiders from their cobwebs peep. from the garden a long piece of bass; but when this Last night the sun went pale to bed, had been successfully stowed in the nest under the The moon in halos hid her head; tiles, it appeared that they had not sufficient skill to The boding shepherd heaves a sigh, work it into the fabric, and in their endeavonrs to ma
For, see! a rainbow spans the sky. nage it, both the birds entangled their feet so inextri
The walls are damp, the ditches smell, cably in the folds, that they were held close prisoners, Clos'd is the pink eyed pimpernel. one only having line enough to flutter about a foot be.
Hark! how the chairs and tables cracks yond the entrance. How long they had remained thus Old Betty's joints are on the rack; entangled, we know not, as our attention was called
Loud quack the ducks, the peacocks cry; to their situation by the more than ordinary cackling
The distant hills are looking nigh. of their neighbour sparrows, who had assembled, it How restless are the sporting swine ; appeared, more to scold the unfortunate pair for their The busy flies disturb the kine; carelessness, than to assist them in getting rid of the Low o'er the grass the swallow wings; bass, for not one attempted to aid them." We there- The cricket too, how sharp he sings. fore had thein taken down, but they were so exhausted Puss on the hearth, with velvet paws, with their struggles that they did not long survive ; and Sits, wiping o'er her whiskered jaws. a pair of their scolding neighbours took possession of Through the clear stream the fishes rise, their premises a few days afterwards.” It is very And nimbly catch th' incautious flies. amusing to watch the birds collect materials for their The glow-worms, nunerous and bright, nesta; they will be seen to carry away pieces of co. Illum'd the dewy dell last night. loured silk, feathers, or any thing that they can work At dark the squalid toad was seen, up.
Hopping and crawling o'er the green. Mr. Rennie observes (Architecture of Birds, p. 320), The whirling wind the dust obeys, "It is worthy of notice, that sparrows always proportion And in the rapid eddy plays. the quantity of materials to the size of the nest-hole, The frog has chang'd his yellow vest, which is generally packed close, leaving only a suffi
And in a russet coat is drest:
Though June, the air is cold and still,
set off with an accomplice, first to Amsterdam, then to The mellow blackbird's voice is shrill.
Cologne, and last to Mentz, where he settled and My dog, so altered is his taste,
wrought “with the tools he had stolen.” Some say Quits mutton-bones, on grass to feast;
that John Genfleish was the thief, and others that it And see, yon rooks, how odd their flight,
was Guttemberg, and that Faustus, who was a wealthy They imitate the gliding kite,
man, assisted the first printers with money, to carry on And seem precipitate to fall,
their art at Mentz. As if they felt the piercing ball.
Perfect information on this subject may not be at"Twill surely rain, I see with sorrow;
tainable, nor is it necessary for us : we learn, however, Our jaunt must be put off to-morrow."
that the two brothers, Genfleishes, hired the house of Zum Jungen, at Mentz, in 1443; and being assisted with money by Faustus, he and John Meidenbachius,
and some others, were adınitted partners; and in 1444 ORIGIN OF THE ART OF PRINTING.
they were also joined by Guttemberg, who for that pur. PRINTING by moveable types is one of the most won. pose left Strasburg. The Genfleishes inade further im. derful arts which Divine Providence has ever enabled
provements in their metal types; and after some inan to discover. Benefits and blessings innumerable smaller attempts, they printed in 1450, an edition of have been enjoyed by this means; and it appears evi- the Bible in Latin ! dently designed to be instrumental in overthrowing The same year the partnership was dissolved, and a the reign of ignorance and misery throughout the new one formed between Faustus and Guttemberg ; by world. "" Knowledge is power.” Knowledge is one of whom the art of printing was improved during seven the chief elements of happiness. Knowledge is essen- years, and in 1457, a magnificent edition" of the tial to true religion ; and Christianity is especially a Psalter was published by Faustus and Schoeffer ; but religion of knowledge: we hail, therefore, the
which owed much of its elegance to the ingenuity of drous art,” as ordained of God to be an admirable auxi. Guttemberg. This was the first book that was printed liary in the promotion of the emancipation, the rege- with a date : after which the practice of prefixing or neration, and the salvation of the human race.
subjoining the date and printer's name became comOur readers cannot but be interested in learning the origin and progress of that art, from which they have Peter Schoeffer, who had been a kind of foreman, derived so much pleasure and improvement.
or under-partner of Faustus, completed the discovery Soine writers have ascribed the origin of the Art of of the art by the efforts of his own genius. For after Printing to the East, and affixed a very early period for various experiinents, he found that the characters its invention. But these have evidently confounded might be cut in a matrix, in which the letters might be the European mode of printing, with the engraved singly cast instead of the tedious process of cutting tublets which to this day are used in China.
He then privately cut matrices for the The honour of having invented this most useful art has whole alphabet ; and when he showed bis master the been claimed by three different cities of Europe, and types cast from these matrices, Faustus was so overby three different individuals connected with them : joyed, that he promised him his only daughter Chris. viz. Laurentius of Hnerlem, Fust or Faustus of Mentz, tina in marriage ; which fair portion he soon posand Guttemberg, or Gutenberg, of Strasburg. Without sessed, the well.earned reward of his persevering introubling our readers with a tedious delail of the
genuity. The method of hardening the inetal he soon claiins on each side, or the various arguments and cir- afterwards discovered, by which he completed the cumstances adduced in their respective support by whole of this inestimable invention. different authors, we shall only state it as our decided Faustus and his son-in-law were accustomed to make opinion, that the whole series of facts appears to be en- their workmen take an vath to keep their improved tirely in favour of Laurentius uf Haerlem, who first art a secret. But the city of Mentz being taken and made use of separate wooden types about the year 1430; sacked, October 27, 1462, by Abp. Adolphus, of Nas. and that Faustus and Guttenberg had only acquired sau, their compositors were dispersed, and the invenand improved the art in consequence of his original in- tion spread throughout Europe, to diffuse its marvel. vention. Along with this fact, Junius mentions lous benefits. From this period to 1466, Faustus and number of trivial circumstances, of which one is chiefly Schoeffer continued to print a great number of books, worthy of notice; viz. that Laurentius made his dis- inostly on vellum, and beautifully ornamented with covery in consequence of cutting some letters on trees gilt and painted head and tail pieces, like the old main a wood, afterwards rubbing them with ink, impress- nuscripts. In 1466, Faustus carried a large number ing a piece of paper upon them, and taking off the im- of Bibles to Paris, and sold them at first as manuscript, pression to amuse his grandchildren. After this acci. obtaining from five hundred to six hundred crowns for dental discovery, Laurentius, who was the son of John a single copy: but afterwards he lowered the price tu Koster, or Custos, or Ædituus (i. e. keeper) of the ca- sixty, and even to forty crowns. thedral at Haerlem, then a respectable office, made William Caxton, a inercer and citizen of London, is first wooden types of beech, in whole pages, with commonly honoured as having introduced the art of which he printed an anonymous work on one side ; but printing into England, in 1471. But a small book in the pages were afterwards pasted together, and the the public library at Cambridge, which had not been book entitled, Speculum nostræ Salutis (the Mirror of observed before the Restoration, affords clear evidence our Salvation). His ingenuity led him to contrive move- that Caxton was not the first English privter. This able wooden types, with which he printed many works ; book, consisting
of eighty-two quarto pages, was printed afterwards he formed his types of lead, and at last he at Oxford, in December 1463. In that it is stated, mixed a portion of tin in the composition. When his that as soon as the art of printing made some noise in types were useless, he melted theni; of which he made Europe, Thomas Bourchier, Abp. of Canterbury, moved several “ wine pots,” which his grandsou Gerard Tho- the king (Henry VI), to use all means for procaring mas possessed, above a century after. Laurentius, find- a printing mould to be brought into this kingdom. The ing his trade increase, multiplied the number of his kiug, a good man, readily hearkened to the motion." workmen; but one of thein, John Faustus, having He devoted first one thousand merks towards the exseized a collection of the types and uther implements, peuse, and afterwards five hundred more; the arch
bishop gare three hundred. Mr. Robert Turnour, the two fine specimens of the boa constrictor, each about master of the robes to the king, was appointed com- thirteen feet in length, and one specimen of what was missioner ; who took with him Mr. Caxton, he being called an African boa just received. We were gratian experienced trader to Holland. His business af. fied also in observing that many of the plants and trees forded him good pretence for the journey. Accord. had their names attached to them, a plan that cannot ingly, they accoinplished their object, and Frederick be too strongly recommended in all public institutions Corsellis stole off with them in disguise, and was quickly of this character. The whole gardens comprise an exbrought to London, and thence sent to Oxford under a tent of fifteen acres, and there is a piece of water of strong guard, till he accomplished his engagement of about three acres which gives a beautiful effect. The teaching several Englishmen the whole art of composing, animals are fed twice a day, in the morning, and at five printing, distributing, &c. Thus the first British press o'clock in the afternoon ; an organ, which is stationed was set up at Oxford; and this press at Oxford was at in the circular building, gives notice to the animals least ten years before there was any printing in Europe, that the feeding time has arrived, and a bell is rung in except at Haerlens and Mentz.
the gardens to give the same notice to the company. Corsellis perhaps must be allowed priority in point We think this is one of the best times to visit them, as of time, but the merit of being the first printer in Eng- the animals then of course are particularly lively. land, who used fusile types, belongs to William Caxton. The effect of the inusic upon the animals is curious, This benefactor to his country was a very respectable making the lions roar, &c. We understand that an character ; and in 1464 had been employed by Edward elephant is shortly to be placed among the collection. 1V along with R. Whitehall, Esq., conclude a treaty In conclusion, we cordially wish the proprietors every with Edward's brother-in-law, the Duke of Burgundy. success in this spirited undertaking. In the Bodleian library there is a copy of Æsop's Fables, printed by Caxton, which is believed to be the first book which has its leaves numbered. After living
CHRISTIANITY RECOMMENDED BY AN to be upwards of 80 years of age, Caxton died in 1494.
INFIDEL. Since the days of Caxton, the father of the typo- Dr. Elliott was well acquainted with Colonel Allen, graphic art in England, how wonderfully has this inost a celebrated infidel in America, and made him a visit wonderful invention been improved! We cannot here
at a time when his daughter was sick and near dying. enlarge upon the ingenious contrivance of stereotype
He was introduced to the colonel in his library, where plates; nor speak of the immense printing establish
he read to the Doctor some passages of his writings with ment at Oxford, which now is said to print at the rate
much evident self-complacency, and asked, “Is not of ONE BIBLE PER MINUTE, nor of the still more mag- that well done?” While they were thus engaged, a nificent establishment at New York, in which, with six
messenger entered, informing Colonel Allen 'that his teen steam presses, they are able to print at the asto
daughter was dying, and desired to speak with him. nishing rate of FIVE BIBLES PER MINUTE through the Immediately he hastened to her chamber, accompanied year. But to what a degree of perfection it is possible
hy Dr. Elliott, who was desirous of witnessing the afto carry this amazing invention, we are utterly at a loss fecting interview. The wife of Colonel Allen was a to conceive, when we are assured, that the Times Newspaper can be struck off by means of their steam appa
pious woman, who had carefully instructed her daughter
in the principles of Christianity. As soou as her father ratus at the rate of fifty copies per minute !!
appeared at her bed-side, she said to him, “I am about to die: shall I believe in the principles you have taught
me, or shall I helieve in what my mnother has taught SURREY ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS.
The infidel colonel becaine extremely agi
tated: his chin quivered, his whole frame shook; and This is an establishment highly worthy of the encou
after waiting a few moments, he replied, “Believe what ragement, especially of our citizens, and the inhabi.
your mother has taught you." tants of the eastern parts of the metropolis, as it af: fords to them an evening's most delightful walk and amusement, every way rational and instructive. Το
THE HEAVENLY CROWN. have the mind thus employed after the fatigues of bu- During the last French war, a French officer, who was siness, in contemplating the wonders of creation in
a prisoner upon his parole at Reading, met with a Bible; some of the more noble auimals, would be highly bene- he read it, and was so struck with its contents, that he ficial; while the walk would, we doubt not, contribute was convinced of the folly of his sceptical principles, much to the health of those who of necessity are kept and of the truth of Christianity, and resolved to bewithin the “smoke of London” all the day.
come a Protestant. When his gay associates rallied It would be impossible to do any thing like justice him for taking so serious a turn, he said in his vindito these gardens within the limits of a single paper ; cation, “I have done no more than my old school-fel. We wish to draw the attention of our readers to them, low Bernadotte, who has become a Lutheran.” “Yes,” and we advise that they should inspect them for them- but he became so, said his associates, “to obtain a selves. They will find among the animals some very crown.” “My motive,” said the Christian officer, “is
That of the Barbary, lion is most the same; we only differ as to the place. The object magnificent, and those of the true Asiatic lion are well of Bernadotte is to obtain a crown in Sweden, mine is worth attention. These, as well as other exotic ani- to obtain a crown in heaven!" mals, are kept in a magnificent building, designed by Mr. H. Phillips of Brighton. It is circular, and three hundred feet in circumference, and is inclosed by about
HOW TO ENJOY LIFE. thirty thousand panes of glass : it will be warmed by “ Live while you live," the Epicure would say, hot water, in order to preserve the animals from the “And seize the pleasures of the present day.”. rigours of our climate in winter. There is another “Live while you live," the sacred preacher cries, smaller building also inclosed in glass ; this is used as “And give to God each moment as it flies.” a moukey-house, and will prove effectual, we hope, in Lord ! in my views let both united be: preserving these animals during the winter. We were I live in pleasure when I live to thee. pleased to see there, in a visit we paid the other day,
MARYLAND (U. S.) SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION. LEARNING and religion flourish in America, under the Divine blessing, through the pious, generous, and indefatigable zeal of the servants of Christ. When did Infidelity ever contemplate such a benefit for the poor, as the following resolution expresses ?
At a late meeting of the Sunday School Union of the State of Maryland, it was unanimously resolved, that the said Union “undertake, in humble reliance upon the aid of Almighty God, in the space of two years, to iustitute, or cause or procure to be instituted, in every town, village, congregation, society, or section of the State of Maryland, where it is practicable, a Sabbath School or Schools, for the purpose of instructiug the rising generation to read the sacred Scriptures."
A MORNING IN JUNE.
BY W. AND M HOWITT,
But, oh! thou world of light and glce !
The dew yet lingers on the grass,
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has recently resolved to present any National School with books and tracts to the amount of Five Pounds, if books and tracts to the same amount be purchased by the School from its own funds. This is to encourage the forination of National School Lending Libraries throughout the kingdom.
SIR ISAAC NEWTON. Sir Isaac Newton, universally acknowledged to be the ablest philosopher and matheinatician that this or perhaps any other nation has produced, is also well known to have been a firm believer, and a serious Christian. His discoveries concerning the frame and system of the universe, were applied by him to demonstrate the being of a God, and to illustrate his power and wisdom in the creation.
Reading is to the mind what food is to the body, it nourishes, refreshes, and invigorates it. Be careful therefore that all mental food be of good quality. Let nothing be received into the mind, but that which will produce such effects. Let every thing be well digested, and laid up in the storehouse of the memory, to be applied by the judgment, as occasion may require.
CULTIVATION OF COCHINEAL. Tue nopal is a plant consisting of little stem, but expanding itself into wide thick leaves, more or less prickly according to its different kinds: one or two of These leaves being set as one plant, at the distance of two or three feet square from each other, are inoculated with the cochineal, which, I scarcely need say, is an insect: it is the same as if you would take the blight off an apple or other common tree, and rub a small portion of it on another tree free from the contagion, when the consequence would be that the tree so inoculated would become covered with the blight: a sinall quantity of the insects in question is sufficient for each plant, which, in proportion as it increases its leaves, is sure to be covered with the costly parasite. When the plant is perfectly saturated, the cochineal is scraped off with great care.' The plants are not very valuable for the first year, but, from questions I put to the steward about the produce, it appeared that they might be estimated as yielding, after the second year, froin a dollar to a dollar and a half profit on each plant.Thompson's Visit to Guatemala.
TO OUR READERS. Several Clergymen, Dissenting Ministers, and Members of Parliainent, besides many Sunday School Teachers, have expressed their high approbation of the Christian's PENNY MAGAZINE. "We return them our sincere thanks for their countenance and promised support; anci beg to assure them, that arrangements have been made to render it more permanently useful and instructive, particularly to Fainilies and Sabbath Schools.
The CHRISTIAN'S PENNY MAGAZide may be delivered weekly in the Towns of the United Kingdom, by those Booksellers and Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being unstamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a Newspaper. But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who cannot obtain the publication weekly, it will be published every four weeks in parts, each including four dumbers; excepting in June and December, in each of which a part will be pub. lished containing six numbers. No extra charge will be made for the wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the Twelve parts will be 4s. 4d. London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON,
Poppin's Court, Fleet Street, and may be had of all Book:
sellers and Newsmen. Communications (post paid) to be addressed to the Editor, at
MAMMOTH CAVE. In Warren County, Kentucky, is a cavern in limestone, which has been explored by gentlemen of science for the astonishing distance of ten miles, without finding the end.-Mag. of Nat. History.