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1 THE LADYE CHAPEL, ST. SAVIOUR'S CHURCH, SOUTHWARK. 34: THE LADYE CHAPEL.

servant of Christ, John BRADFORD, conducted in this

Chapel, Jan. 31, 1555, before the Lord Chancellor and Antiquity and architectural beauty have been pleaded several Popishi, bishops, will not fail to interest gur as reasons for the preservation and repairing of the readers. LADYE CHAPEL, Southwark. This plea has been re- It will be proper previously to remark, that Bradgarded by the public; by whom liberal subscriptions ford was one of the six famous preachers, appointed byy have been afforded, to enable its guardians to render it King Edward VI, to itinerate through the kingdom, as an ornament to the neighbourhood, peculiarly attrac- Home Missionaries, to call the people to attend to the tive to passengers over London Bridge.

gospel of Christ, as contained in the Holy Scriptures. We sincerely venerate boary antiquity, and we are His letters to London, Cainbridge, and other places, delighted admirers of architectural beauty: on both show the earnestness with which he laboured as a these accounts, therefore, we rejoice in the preserva. preacher. Fox speaks of the imprisonment of Bradford tion and repair of this ancient chapel. But our minds thus :—“He was first committed to the Tower, theo unto cherish associations with this building of a far more other prisons, out of the which neither bis innocency, interesting character as Christians. We recollect that godliness, nor charitable dealings could purchase him this edifice has been consecrated by the testimony of liberty of body, till by death, which he suffered for many noble Martyrs, who, in the days of “Mary the Christ's cause, be obtained the heavenly liberty of bloody,” counted not their lives dear, so that they which neither Pope nor Papist shall ever deprive him. might finish their course with joy in testifying the Froin the Tower he came to the King's Bench in Southgospel of the grace of God, before the cruel and åend. wark; and after his condemnation, he was sent to the like Romish prelates, by whom these holy confessors Compter, in the Poultry, in London, in the which two of Christ were sentenced to the stake.

places, for the time he did remain prisoner, be preached A few notices of the last eramination of that eminent

twice a day continually, unless sickness hindered him ; Vol. I.

2 G

where also the sacrament was often adıninistered ; and man. Things are not by fortune to God al any time, through bis means, the keepers so well did bear with though to man they seem so sometimes. I speak but him, such resurt of good folks was daily to his lecture, as the apostle said, Lord, see how Herod and Pontius and to the ministration of the sacrament, that com- Pilute, with the Prelates, are gathered together against monly his chamber was well nigh filled. Preaching, thy Christ, to do that which ihy hand and counsel hath reading, and praying, was all his whole life. He did before ordained for them to do." not eat above one meal a day, which was but very little

“Here the Lord Chancellor began to read the ex. whien he took it, and his continual study was upon his

communication — and Bradford fell down on his knees, knees.--Very gentle was he to man and child, and in 30 and heartily thanked God that he had counted him good credit with his keepers, that at his desire, in an worthy to suffer for his name's sake. And so praying evening, when prisoner in the King's Bench in South- to God to give him repentance and a good mind, after wark, he had license, upon his promise to return again

the excommunication was read, he was delivered to the that night, to go into London without any keeper, to sheriff of London, this being purposed of his murderers, visit one that was sick, lying by the Steel-yard. Nei

that he should be delivered from thence to the earl of ther did he fail his promise, but returned unto his Derby, to be conveyed into Lancashire, and there to be prison again, rather being before his hour than breaking

burned in the town of Manchester, where he was born. liis fidelity.”

But their purpose was altered, for they burned him in The principal charge against Bradford, as it was

London.” against most of the martyrs in Mary's reign, was the

Bradford was not executed until the first day of July; denial of the Rompish doctrine of Transubstantiation. during which time he was harassed by repeated dispu. Being seated in judgment in the Chapel, the Lord tations with the Romanists. Bonner, bishop of London, Chancellor addressed Bradford

the bishop of Chichester, the archbishop of York, two “Well, yesterday thuu didst maintain false heresy Spanish friars, one of whom was confessor to King Philip, concerning the blessed sacrament, and therefore we gave came to him from day to day, to endeavour to induce thee respite till this day to deliberate.”

him to recant. Bradford. “My lord, as I said at the first, I spake Fox las preserved the substance of these disputa. nothing of the sacrament but that which you allowed, tions. In an answer to an observation of the bishop of and therefore reproved it not, por gave me any thing to

Chichester, “ He is a heretic, and so none of the church, deliberate.”

that doth hold any doctrine against the definitiou of the Lord Chancellor. “Why, didst thou not deny Christ's church,” Bradford emphatically said, “U my lord, will presence in the sacrament?

ye condemn to the devil any man that believeth truly the Bradford. “No, I never denied nor taught, but that twelve articles of the faith, wherein I take the unity of to faith whole Christ, body and blood, was as present

Christ's church to consist, although in some points he at the bread and wine to the due receivers."

believe not the definition of that which ye call the Lord Chancellor. “ Yea, but dost thou not believe church? I doubt not but that he which holdeth that Christ's body naturally and really is there, under firmly the articles of our belief, though in other things the forms of bread and wine ?

he dissent from your definition, yet he shall be saved!" Bradford. My lord, I believe Christ is present “Yea.” exclaimed the bishop, “is this your dirithere to the faith of the duc receiver: as for transub.

nity?" stantiation, I plainly and fatly tell you, I believe it John Leaf, a young man in the twentieth year of his not.”

age, an apprentice to a tallowchandler, was executed Here Bradford was called “ Diabolus : for we ask no at the same stake with Bradford, in Smithfield, and for question," said the Lord Chancellor, of trausubstan- refusing to subscribe to the Popish doctrine of the tiation, but of Christ's presence.”

Lord's Supper. Fox says, “ It is reported of the said Bradford. I deny not his presence to the faith of Johu Leaf,' by one that was in the Coinpter at the the receivers, but deny that he is included in the bread, same time, and saw the thing, that after his examinaor that the bread was transubstantiate."

tion before the bishops, when two bills were sent to Bishop of Worcester. “If he be not included, how is him in the Compter in Bread Street, the one contain. he present?”

ing a recantation, the other his confessions, to know Bradford. “ Forsooth, though my faith can tell how, which of them he would put his hand to, first hearing yet my tongue cannot express it, nor you otherwise the bill of recantation read unto him, because he could than by faith hear it, or understand it."

not read himself, he refused it. And when the other After much consultation ainong themselves, and oc- was read unto him, which he well liked of, instead of a casional questioning of their prisoner, he was asked by pen he took a pin, and so pricking his hand, sprinkled the Bishop of Durham, “When Christ began to be the blood upon the said bill, willing the reader thereof present in the sacrament? whether before the receiver to show the bishops, that he had sealed the same bill received it, or no?"

with his blood already." Bradford ariswered, that the question was curious and Fox describes particularly the resigned and peaceful not necessary; and further said, that as the cup was manner of their deaths, and adds, ** Thus they ended the New Testament, so the bread was Christ's body to their mortal lives, like two lambs, without any alterahim that received it duly, but yet so that the bread is tion of their countenance, being void of all fear, hoping bread. Por, added he, " in all the Scripture ye shall to obtain the prize that they had long run at; to not find this, Non est panis, There is no bread.”' Much which I beseech Almighty God happily to conduct us, ado was hereabouts, calling Bradford, Heretic ; and he through the merits of Jesus Christ our Lord and Sariour. desiring them to proceed on in God's name: he looked Amen.” for that which God appointed for them to do.

The Engraving represents the interior of the Lord Chancellor. “This fellow is now in another Virgin Mary's Chapel, commonly called the Ladye heresy, of fatal uecessity, as though all things were Chapel, and appended to the ancient collegiate church so tied together, that of mere necessity all must come of St. Saviour's. The roof of the Chapel is divided into

nine gruined arches, supported by six octangular pil. But Bradford prayed him to take things as they be lars in two rows, having small circular columns at the spoken, and not wrest them into a contrary sense. four points, forty-two feet long. It is, at present, “Yourlordship,” says he, "doth discern betwist God and chiefly used for Kolding the consistory, or bishop's

to pass.

court - the north-east corner being expressly fitted up the imaginary good derived froin the sermon was lost, for that purpose, with table, desk, and elevated seat: and he was not known ever tu go again to hear in this place are also held the visitations for the Mr. Brewer, or to enter a chapel of the Dissenters. deanery of Southwark, the other parts having served Occasionally, on Sundays, his master went to church for the stowage of lumber.

in the morning : though usually he stayed at home, postIn this chapel is the monument of Lancelot Andrews, ing and settling his accounts, or forming plans for the who died Bishop of Winchester, in 1626. The effigy,

business of the week. But William, when not detained on this monument, represents him in his robes of at work, went regularly to church, as he was required, Prelate of the Garter ; but the face is much damaged. leading the other boys, he being the senior; and while He wears a black cap and a small ruff; a book held in they were allowed to visit their friends, after the afterhis right hand lies on his breast. On a tablet over the noon service, William came home to his solitary apart. tomb (whereon were placed his arıns, between two ment of the workshop. That was a place, which would figures of Justice and 'Fortitude) is the following in

not have been chosen as the most eligible for religious scription :

improvement; nevertheless, he found it like Jacob's Sept. 21. Die Luna Hora matutina fere quarta,

dreary lodging at Luz, truly a Bethel; and many proLancelotus Andrews, Episcopus Wintoniensis, me

fitable hours did he spend in it, trcasuring up in his ritissimum Lumen Orbis Christiani, mortuus est

mind the saving testimonies of the Divine word. Ephemeris Laudiani.

Although William had been instructed by his mother Anno Dom. 1626. Ætat. suæ 71.

from his childhood to And at the head of the tomb,

say his prayers every night,”

particularly the Lord's prayer, yet for several years he Monumentum quod hoc restitutum. Anno 1761.

had neglected that practice, until, after his mind had On the pavement, near Bishop Andrews' tomb, are

been affected by the reading of the Holy Scriptures, two ancient stone coffins; one of which is represented

his conscience would allow himn no longer to neglect in our engraving; but we have no account left, where it. At first he contented himself with saying the Lord's or at what particular time they were found, nor is it

prayer after he had lain down in bed, but in a short known to whom they belonged. They are unquestiona- time, this would not satisfy his mind. He was vecessibly of great age:

tated to kneel down to prayer; and more than once, There is also in this Chapel a grave-stone of a bishop

when it had been forgotten, did he rise from his bed in pontificalibus, supposed to have been for the cele- to perform that duty. Even this measure of "saying brated William of Wykeham, bishop of Lincolu, who his prayers,” was not sufficient for a long period to was buried in this church.

paciły his conscience; and he then had recourse to the of the many vicissitudes this Chapel has undergone “ Whole Duty of Man," a volume which he obtained since the mass was sung, and the incense sinoked, and from his mother, soon after he had entered on his the candles burnt before the altar of our Lady, the

servitude. most degrading was its conversion into a bakehouse, in This was a book which William read much, and which state it eontinued for “threescore end some

laboured with considerable care to keep the holy law In the year 1607, Mr. H. Wilson, of God as therein enjoined; by which, however, he tenant of the Chapel of the Holy Virgin, found him. was never able to gain satisfaction. The short ejaculaself inconvenienced by a tomb, and applied to the

tions, extracted from the Psalms, and contained in that vestry for its removal, which was consented to, he volume, appeared exceedingly suitable; and William making the place up again in any reasonable sort. In learnt a great portion of them, which he frequently this state it continued till the year 1624, when the used, during the day and his waking hours, with conparish expended the sum of 2001. on its repair.

siderable benefit and delight to his soul. accustomed to rise in the morning much earlier than

his fellow apprentices, for the opportunity of saying THE BIRMINGHAM APPRENTICE.

his prayers out of the Whole Duty of Man: but the

habit of reading his prayers became tiresome and unHis Conversion, continued.

satisfactory, as few of the forms were altogether in The master of William cherished the senseless pre- accordance with his experience and state of mind. judices against Dissenters and Methodists, which are He used, therefore, parts only, and made additions in entertained by those who do not understaud the spirit his own words extemporaneously, according to his and claims of true religion. He was totally ignorant

necessities; until, wearied with this mode, he found of their principles, and indeed of those of the church that he could express biunself with tolerable accuracy of England, to which he professed to belong : but and fluency without that help; and he was delighted about the commencement of the apprenticeship of with the discovery, that the people of God, whose habits William, his master was induced, by a pious old lady, of piety are testified and pourtrayed in the Scriptures, a member of the church under the care of the late were accustomed thus to pray. Rev. Jehoiada Brewer, Independent minister of Livery It may also be observed, that the Whole Duty of Street chapel, to go and hear her pastor, and William Man contributed but very little to lead the mind of accompanied lim. The large chapel, with its crowded William into a clear and full view of the gospel; but congregation of attentive worshippers, astonished both rather to obscure it, and to strengthen those legal and William and his master; and the sermon, delivered dark notions of the method of salvation by Christ, in Mr. Brewer's peculiarly serious and awakening man

which are natural to the newly awakened, but selfher, seemed to affect him, while it added to the im- righteous mind. But although not privileged with the pression already produced on the mind of William, friendship of a judicious Christian counsellor, whose by the various means already noticed. His master rich experience of evangelical truth had qualified him declared that it had done hím good; and for that to give solid instruction to a young inquirer after "the Feason, he thought he should go to hear Mr. Brewer, good old paths of the prophets and apostles,” it is constantly every Sunday. But the sermon was like our believed that the Lord the Spirit was the gracious and Lord's description of the seed sowu by the way side,

efficient teacher of William. which the fowls of the air devoured : fór meeting with During the apprenticeship of William, the character a "friend,” it was late at night when he returned horne, of the ministry in the parish church was not reputedly and in a state of senselessness by intoxication! Thus evangelical: nor could William recollect any serious

odde yeares."

He was

66

Perhaps nothing could have been more appropriate as

inpression ever produced upon his mind, by all the darkness and superstition, the degradation and cruelties sermons he heard in it in the course of seven years' at- of paganiam, as stated by the Doctor in his discourse, tendance, except in three instances; and those were by deeply affected the mind of William : especially his devisiting ministers. The first two were on one Lord's claring, that "if a poor Soodra were known to read the day, and from the same preacher, an entire stranger to Shaster to another of his caste, the reader was liable to Williain : but the effect of his discourse was never lost. have his tongue cut out, and the hearer to have inelted The texts of the minister were, in the morning, "How lead poured in his ears.”—William was therefore led shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation ?" to resolve on making some efforts, if it should ever be Heb.ii, 3; in the afternoon, Continue in prayer.” in his power, in future life, to promote the extensire Col. iv, 2. The texts and the serinons upon them, diffusion of the blessings of divine Christianity. could not have been inore suitably chosen for the The process of the conversion of William to the truth spiritual benefit of William; and it appeared, that the of the gospel of Christ, will be somewhat indicated by Divine blessing attended the word delivered in a man- a remarkable circunstance, which brought his decision ner unusual in that church. There was something in to the test about two years before his apprenticeship the illustration of those scripture passages, and in the terininated. From a near connection of his master, manner and the tones of the preacher, altogether dif. in the way of business, with some patrons of the ferent from that which was common: and many in the Stage,” it was usual for hiin to have a number of congregation took particular notice of it, so as to make tickets to the theatre, once or twice in a season, when it a subject of conversation for some tinie; and it was he commonly gave one to each of the apprentices. reported that Dr. Croft, the aged curate, declared, William went to the theatre by this incans, many that he would never suffer him again to enter his times : but without any peculiar gratification, and the pulpit.

last play he ever saw, was “the admired Comedy of The other instance was by the visit of Dr. Legge, Speed the Plough.” But the profanation of the Dean of Windsor, afterwards Bishop of Oxford, brother Divine Name, which was repeatedly used in the perof the Honourable Mr. Legge, of Aston Hall near formance of that piece, and the frequent appeals to Birmingham, and son of the late pions Earl of Dart- Heaven by the performers, on occasions of a triling mouth. The discourse, on behalf of the Blue Coat nature, as if for inere embellishment to their sentences, Charity School, was preached by the Dean, upon that so shocked him, while he remembered the reading of most inviting passage, Luke xi, 13, “If ye then, being the “Ten Coinmandments” at church every Lord's evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children ; day morning, and the solemn responses to them ad. How much inore shall your heavenly Father give the dressed to Almighty God, that he wondered the roof of

the building did not fall upon the impious beings,

as a judgment upon their profane hypocrisy: He reto the exercises of mind experienced by William, than solved therefore, on that account, that he never the subject of the text; and the sermon itself was the would go to another play as long as he lived. The happy means of leading him to an enlarged apprehen- impiety of crery play that William had seen, apsion of that momentous and interesting doctrine - the peared a suflicient reason for his determination ; yet influences of the Holy Spirit upon the mind of man: his mind was not a little perplexed to understand, how and it served as a preparation, leading him to read, so many of the clergy, whoin he saw at the theatre, with an interest altogether new, several hitherto ob- could sit, and by their presence sanction such daring scure parts of the Bible, especially the epistles of the profanity: But he could decide only for himself; and apostle Paul.

concluded it best for hiin to leave the clergy to reA sermon preached by Dr. Booker of Dudley, at concile their own conduct with the law of God, if it St. Philip's church, on a week day, at a feast of the were in their power. Besides, the riotous and filthy Druid's Club, was instructive in a very considerable behaviour of the company ” in the gallery ; their degree to the iniud of William. As his master was a vulgar and indecent shoutings, making the houže to Druid,and proud of the honour of belonging to resound, and calculated to defile or corrupt the most that society, he gave the apprentices a holiday, for the virtuous and vigorous mind; the daring boldness and purpose of seeing the procession : but William was the immodest habits of the female performers; and the most solicituus to hear the sermon, for the privilege of general appearance of the attendants about the theatre, which, he most willingly paid one shilling and sixpence. produced reflections which penetrated his mind with a The text was 1 Pet. ii, 9, 10, “Ye should show forth the conviction, that the system of amusement altogether, praises of him, who hath called you out of darkness was not only opposed to the principles of scriptural into his marvellous light: who in time past were not a religion, but extremely pernicious to youth, and in itself people, but now are the people of God.''

highly injurious to society. The sermon appeared of a singularly novel character; In these opinions William was confirmed by the fact, but most truly delightful to William ; as it exhibited a that one of the talented and admired performers, was striking outline of the ancient system of pagan Druidism brother to one of his workfellows: he having, as many practised by our forefathers, as testified especially by others it is known had done, wasted a fortune before Julius Cæsar, to whom the Doctor referred, contrasted he betook himself to the stage for support. By means with the benevolence, excellence, and happy effects of of this connection, the general habits of the performers Christianity. Not having at that time read Cæsar, and in private life were frequently a subject of conversa. not knowing much concerning the religion of the tion; and numerous instances of extravagance and ancient Gauls and Britons, William was enlarged in profligacy, licentiousness and criminality, of those in heart by the contrast, with gratitude to God for the ihat profession, were mentioned among the workmen: blessings and treasures of the gospel, and determined and that which formed a fruitful topic of jocular to know more concerning the horrible system of the conversation to these men of debased mind relating to venerable Druids."

the demoralizing influence of the theatre, is amply Another sermon was the means of considerable edifi- confirmed by the history of the stage in all countries. cation to William,-"The Star in the East,” delivered The next season William respectfully and modestly by Dr. Claudius Buchanan, at St. Mary's chapel, in 1809 : declined the offer of a ticket by his paster, observing, the celebrated discutirse which that gentleman pub- that he would rather stay at home. His master apJished under that title, on his return from India. The peared to apprehend the reason, but made no reply;

" How many

nor did he take any notice of it, until some time after

STATISTICS OF YORKSHIRE. wards, when he had more play tickets, and then he sent an order into the manufactory to inquire,

YORKSHIRE, the largest county in England, is bounded on

the East by the German Ocean; on the West by LancaMethodists are there in the shop, who will not go to the play ?He had said, he knew William was a

shire and part of Cheshire; on the North by Durham ; Methodist, and he would take care that he should not

and on the South by the counties of Derby, Nottingham,

and Lincoly. Yorkshire extends about 115 miles from have an opportunity of refusing another ticket. Thus,

East to West, and about 90 miles from North to South. though he was scrupulous in not going to any place of worship among Dissepters, cven on Sunday evenings,

From its great extent, this county is divided into three

parts, called the North Riding, the East Riding, and when he was allowed some time to go out for two or three hours, to return not later than eight o'clock, yet

ihe West Riding, according to their situation with he was considered and called a Methodist, simply on

respect to York; and these are subdivided into 26 account of his habitual seriousness.

hundreds, and 563 parishes, containing 73 market Williain was now decided for God; he had laid hold

towns, and 2,330 villages.

The North Riding, bounded on the north-east and on his everlasting covenant by faith in Christ Jesus, and he was enabled to cast all his care upon the Lord.

east by the German Ocean, is remarkable for high hills,

called the Eastern Moorlands, which occupy a dreary His master hated his religious spirit: but he reverenced

space of about 30 miles from east to west, and 15 miles his upright character; and on many occasions he was known to declare, he could trust him with any thing,

from north to south, penetrated indeed by many beaueither for his ability as a workman, or for his honesty

tiful and fruitful dales, particularly those of Reyesdale,

Wensleydale, Eskdale, and Bilsdale, which contain as a good lad; and that he was sure he never should have another like himn in either of those respects.

each from 10,000 to 15,000 acres. Though the air of We here pause in our narrative of the Birmingham

this division is generally cold, arising from the great

elevation of the Moorlands, computed at from 1,400 to Apprentice; intending, in our new voluine, to give

1,500 feet above the level of the sea, it is considered as some particulars of his subsequent life, which we think our readers will find both interesting and profitable.

the inost healthy in the county of York. In this division are the ancient boroughs of Malton, Northallerton,

Richmond, Scarborough, and Thirsk. REFLECTIONS ON THE WORKS OF NATURE. The East Riding, bounded on the east by the Ocean,

though less conspicuously marked by the bolder features To whatever part of the babitable globe our attention of nature than the other parts of the county, contains may be directed, to the frozen regions of the North or

scenes of great magnificence, especially where the sea the torrid climes of India and the East, we still meet

or the Humber enters into view. This part is distinwith ceaseless specimens, before unknown, of the un

guished for its range of bills called the “ York Wolds.” rivalled workmanship of that God whom all creation Their greatest height is not supposed to exceed 600 owns as Lord. But our admiration is especially ex. feet; but their extent is computed at about 400,000 cited by the various productions of the fruitful soil : it

Half a century ago, barley and oats were the is there that beauty shines in tlie gayest luxuriance.

principal kinds of grain used in this district of the From the gaudy tulip with its variegated stains, and

county; but within that period, vast inclosures have blooming blushing rose, to which the proudest beauty

been made, its dreary swamps have been cultivated, at the monarch's court feels flattered on being com- and wheaten bread alone now forms the food of pared, to the humblest moss that courts the seat of

servants and labourers. The East Riding includes the solitude and desolation, all displays perfection. It is

ancient boroughs of Beverly, Hedon, and Hull, the here that, lost in astonishment at the countless variety

latter of which, situated on the Humber, is the grand that deties classification, we are compelled by the con- emporiuin of foreign trade for that part of the kingdom, sciousness of that truth which cannot be gainsayed, to and is reckoned the fourth commercial port in Engadmit the existence and superintending care of that land. Being, whose offspring alone we are, and by whom we

The West Riding, is much more extensive than the live, move, and breathe.—Johnson.

other divisions of Yorkshire, being supposed to contain 1,586,000 statute acres. Here are situated the

ancient boroughs of Aldborough, Boroughbridge, THE GREATER FOOL.

Knaresborough, Pontefract, and Ripon : but inany In a sermon preached by Bishop Hall upon his eightieth of its commercial towns far exceed them in population. birth-day, that faithful preacher relates the following Three districts are noted in this division: the level, story :-“There was a certain lord who kept a fool in the diversified, and the mountainous : this latter conhis house, as many a great man did in those days, for tains the three remarkable inountains of Pennigart, their pleasure ; to whom this lord gave a staff, and Ingleborough, and Wharnside, being estimated at charged him to keep it, till he should meet with one the heights of 3,930, 3,987, and 4,052 feet respecwho was a greater fool than himself; and if he met tively. with such a one, to deliver it over to himn. Not many This division of Yorkshire may safely le pronounced years after, his lurd fell sick; and indeed was sick untó one of the greatest manufacturing districts in the world. death. His fool came to see him, and was told by his It possesses, indeed, very great local advantages : on sick lord that he must shortly leave him. Aod every side the raw materials abound, and coals are whither wilt thou go?' said the fool. Iuto another plentiful, consequently they are cheap. The manufacworld,' said the lord. • And when wilt thou come tures carried on at Leeds, Wakefield, Bradford, again? - within a month ?' 'No.' Within a year?'' Halifax, Huddersfield, and populous places adjacent, No.' . When then ? Never.' Never ! -- and what comprise broad and narrow cloths of all qualities, provision hast thou made for thy entertainment shalloons, calimancoes, and fannels, with every kind of there whither thou goest?' 'None at all.' 'No!' woollen goods. From Sheffield, cutlery and plated said the fool; 'none at all ? Here, take my staff then. goods, and solid silver plate, are exported in large Art thou going away for ever, and hast taken no order, quantities to all parts of the globe. In the vicinity of whence thou shalt never return ? Take my staff; for most of the above places, the soil was originally little I am guilty of no such folly as this !”

better than waste; but from the increase of population,

acres.

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