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JERUSALEM AT THE TIME OF THE CRUCI.
Matt. xxvii, 45, 46, 50–53.
Christian Lady's Friend.
THE PLANETARY AND TERRESTRIAL WORLDS. Mr. Editor,
I sincerely rejoice in your new un. dertaking, and wish you the largest measure of success, in communicating improving instruction to our read ing population. Perhaps you will deem the following admirable piece from the Spectator, worthy of a place in your “ Christian's Penny Magazine.''
* To us, who dwell on its surface, the earth is by far the most extensive orb that our eyes can anywhere behold : it is also clothed with verdure, distinguished by trees, and adorned with variety of beautiful decorations; whereas to a spectator placed on one of the planets, it wears an uniform aspect, looks all luminous, and no larger than a spot. To beings who still dwell at greater distances, it entirely disappears. That which we call alternately the morning and the evening star, as in one part of the orbit she rides foremost in the procession of night, in the other ushers in and anticipates the dawn, is a planetary world, which, with the four others, that so wonderfully vary the mystic dance, are in themselves dark bodies, and shine only by reflection; have fields, and seas, and skies of their own, are furnished with all accommodations for animal subsistence, and are supposed to be the abodes of intellectual life; all which, together with our earthly habitation, are dependent on that grand dispenser of Divine munificence, the sun; receive their light from the distribution of his rays, and derive their comfurt from his be. nign agency
* The sun, which seems to perform its daily stages through the sky, is in this respect fixed and immorable : it is the great axle of heaven, about which the globe we inhabit, and other more spacious orbs, wheel their stated courses. The sun, though seemingly smaller than the dial it illuminates, is abundantly larger than this whole earth, on which so many lofty mountains rise, and such vast oceans roll. A line extending from side to side through that resplendent orb, would measure more than eight hundred thousand miles : a girdle formed to go round its circumference, would require a length of millions. Were its solid contents to be estimated, the account would overwhelm our understanding, and be almost beyond the power of language to express. Are we startled at these reports of philosophy? Are we ready to cry out in a transport of surprise, “How mighty is the Being who kindled such a prodigious fire, and keeps alive from age to age such an enormous inass of flame!” Let us attend our philosophic guides, and we shall be brought acquainted with speculations more enlarged and more inflaming.
“This sun with all its attendant planets is but a very little part of the grand machine of the universe; every star, though in appearance no bigger than the diamond that glitters upon a lady's ring, is really a vast globe, like the sun in size and glory; no less spacious, no less luminous than the radiant source of the day : so that every star is not barely a world, but the centre of a magnificent system ; has a retinue of worlds, irradiated by its beams, and revolving round its attractive influence, all which are lost to our sight in immeasurable worlds of ether. That the stars appear
like so many diminutive and scarcely distinguishable points, is owing to their immense and inconceivable distance. Immense and inconceivable indeed it is, since a ball, shot from the loaded cannon, and flying with unabated rapidity, must travel at this impetuous rate almost seven hundred thousand years before it could reach the nearest of these twinkling luminaries.
“ While beholding this vast expanse I learn my own extreme meanness, I would also discover the abject
littleness of all terrestrial things. What is the earth OTHER TIMES, AND TIMES TO COME. with all her ostentations scenes, compared with this How often all curious to know astonishingly grand furniture of the skies? What but
What the world may have heretofore been, a dim speck, hardly perceptible in the map of the uni- To ancient and damp musty records we go, verse! It is observed by a very judicious writer, that Or sit down and imagine within. if the sun hinself, which enlighteus this part of the
What castles are ruin'd and gone, creation, was extinguished, and all the hosts of plane
What fights have ensanguin'd our plains ; tary worlds which move about him were annihilated,
What splendours our hills and our vales hare put on they would not be missed by an eye that can take in
In the villas where opulence reigns. the whole compass of nature, any more than a grain of sand upon the sea shore. The bulk of which they How strangely our warriors have gleam'd consist, and the space which they occupy is so exceed. Cap-a-pié in their martial attire : ingly little in comparison of the whole, that their loss With the lance and the plume they contended, nor would leave scarce a blank iu the immensity of God's
dream'd works. If then, not our globe only, but this whole That the chivalrous day should expire. systein, be so very diminutive, what is a kingdom or a
And how oddly our grandsires are drest country? What are a few lordships, or the so rouch
As in fancy they seem to revive, admired patrimonies of those who are styled wealthy ? With the hood and the hoop, and the doublet and vest, When I measure them with my own little pittance,
Like some rudely carved figures alive. they swell into proud and bloated dimensions : but when I take the universe for my standard, how scanty
And the large chimney corner in hall, is their size, how contemptible their figure! they
Where the yeomen have met for good fare, shrink into pompous nothings."
In the stiff stately mansion with windows so small,
One would think that a prison was there.
Scarcely thawed by the heat of the sun! IGNORANCE AND IRRELIGION IN LONDON. And how seldom the soft-flowing charities beam,
St. Barnabas District Visiting Society was formed, Or appear through their system to run. January 1830, for the purpose of carrying on a system But enough-there's a mist on the view, of benevolent operations, 'relieving the miserable, and "Tis an outline imperfect I trace; imparting evangelical instruction to the ignorant. The
They are seen hut obscurely, as I shall be too, following is an extract from the first Report of this So- When to others I stand in their place. ciety: can we, therefore, wonder at crimne in London? From the families already visited it is a lamentable
For my children their children shall show
What I was, and my story convey; fact, that two out of three thousand have been found destitute of the Sacred Scriptures, and unaccustomed
But the next generation will wonder to know
What the world could have been in my day. to attend any place of divine worship. It appears therefore indispensably necessary that means, heretofore not Then of all who now bustle around, resorted to, should be employed for moralizing, evan- The history a mystery will be ; gelizing, and saving the ignorant and neglected poor. For how few will be here when that period comes round, The Coinmittee respectfully and affectionately solicit Of the thousands-nay, millions we see ! you to survey the parish in which you reside, and to
And the world is just what it has been, observe its spiritual condition. Amongst a populatiou And in some degree yet must remain, of above fifty thousand immortal souls, what proportion Made perfect and pure, now by reason of sin of these are in the habit of attending public worship? In
All perturbed with affliction and pain. the Churches of St. Luke and St. Barnabas, and the Cha.
But the leaven is cast in the meal, pels connected with our Dissenting Brethren of every de.
And the earth is remember'd of God; nomination, accommodations for one-fourth of the population are not provided. There must therefore be
There's a heaven-born principle works for our weal inultitudes of the neglected poor, whose moral and spiri
With an energy widely abroad. tual welfare should be the object of earnest solicitude
Better times than the present or past, to their more enlightened and affluent neighbours.” Will arrive with a happy increase ;
And the world all reform'd will be happy at last,
Edward ASHBY. NEW MAP OF THE HOLY LAND. To promote the study of the Word of Life is one of the principal objects of the CHRISTIAN's Penny Maga- We would not omit Thanks for the encouragement given ZINE. We therefore anuounce with pleasure the fol. to our First Number, which is sufficiently extensive not lowing publication of the Sunday School Union, as only to encourage us in proceeding, but to justify our eminently calculated to assist in a right understanding ) hope and expectation of a large measure of usefulness.of the sacred volume.
Many of the articles transmitted for insertiou are highly A MAP OF PALESTINE
interesting, and shall meet with due attention. Our
Correspondents must however be reminded that brevity In the time of our Saviour, illustrative of the books of is an essential quality in whatever is intended for a the Evangelists; also containing the principal places Penny Magazine. mentioned in the Old Testament.
It is an admirable help to the intelligent reading of the Holy Scriptures ; and what we can cordially recom
London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON,
Poppin's Court, Fleet Street, and may be had of all Bookmend to all our readers, especially Sunday School sellers and Newsmen. Teachers, Young Persons, and Families. The map is on
Communications (post paid) to be addressed to the Editor, at a whole sheet of large vellum imperial.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. This wondrous Institution, the glory of our age and nation, originated in the endeavours of the Rev. Thomas Charles, of Bala, the principal leader of the Calvinistic Methodists in Wales, to supply his countrymen with the Holy Scriptures in their native language. On his visit to London for that purpose, the subject being mentioned at a committee-ineering of the Religious Tract Society, its secretary, the Rev. Mr. Hughes, suggested the idea of a general suciety for supplying the whole world with Bibles ! The friends present approving the proposition, measures were taken to call a public mceting, which, on the 7th of March 1804, was held at the London Tavern, consisting of about three hundred persons of different denominations, including some worthy Quakers. For the purpose of carrying their resolutions into effect, it was deemed advisable to seek the patronage of sume person of rank. Dr. Por. teus, then Bishop of London, yielded to the application; gave his cordial sanction; and recommended Lord Teignmouth as president; an office which that distinguished nobleman has ever since filled with honour. Several other prelates gave their names,
which were enrolled on the list of vice presidents. The Rev. Joseph Hughes, M. A., a Baptist minister, and its original projector, the Rev. Josiah Pratt, M. A., of the Church of England, and the Rev. Charles F. A. Steinkopff, D.D., minister of the Lutheran Chapel in London, were appointed secretaries.
The fundamental law of the Bible Society declares its title as above; and also, that its object is exclusively to promote the circulation of the Holy Scriptures, without note or comment, both at home and abroad; and further, that the copies circulated in the United Kingdom, in the English language, shall be those only of the authorized version. The constitution of this great Society admits of the co-operation of all persons who are disposed to concur in its support; and it is ordained that its proceedings shall be conducted by a committee, consisting of thirty-six laymen, six of whom shall be foreigners residing in London and its vicinity; half of the reinainder members of the Church of England, and the other half members of other denominations of Christians. The presidents, and all clergymen and dissenting ininisters, subscribing to the Society, may vote at the meetings of the committee.
The British and Foreign Bible Society has had many enemies; but to detail its history would require volumes. It has been the means of originating similar institutions in inost parts of the world in which the Bible is believed, conveying its immortal blessings to all nations. Either in England or in foreign countries, directly at the expense of the Society, or indirectly by grants to societies abroad, or to individuals, this astonishing Institution has reprinted the Holy Scriptures in 44 languages ; re-translations of the Scriptures in 5 languages; in 72 languages and dialects in which they never had previously been printed; and in 32, new translations commenced or completed; inaking a total
of 153 different languages and dialects ! It had issued, which was extensively sold in England, the Bishops up to March 1831, more than seren millions of copies of contrived the destruction of Tindal; and as he lodged the Holy Scriptures; and had expended the sum of in the house of Thomas Pointz, an Englishman at 1,779,9931. 58. 3d. Besides which, nearly fire millions Antwerp, Henry Philips was employed to seek his of copies of Bibles and Testaments had been issued by friendship and betray him. This guilty work he acthe kindred societies in other parts of Europe, in Asia, complished : Tindal was betrayed ; "condemned by the and in America.
officers of Charles V, and strangled at Tilford Castle Worthily have the British and Foreign Bible Society near Antwerp, in 1536. This holy man, however, indirected their generous efforts to supply the poor of stead of indulging, enmity against his enemies, cheour own country with the Word of God; and the benefits rished for them divine benevolence; and aware that which they have derived from these attentions are in- Henry VI!I had in some measure sanctioned the precalculable. This noble Institution claims, as it deserves, lates in his ruin, he died, praying, “Lord! open the the liberal support of every Christian patriot; as it is eyes of the king of England.” evidently ordained to be eminently instrumental in re- The Scriptures were loudly called for by many in generating our own nation, and of recovering all the the nation, but Henry published a proclaination against nations of the earth to the knowledge and enjoyment of them in 1530. Dr. Cranmer being, on the death of God, in the ordinances of true religion.
Warham in 1533, made Archbishop of Canterbury,
moved in a convocation that an application be made to FIRST PUBLICATION OF THE ENGLISH
the king for a translation of the Bible. Cranmer ob
tained the king's permission, and delivered it in parts BIBLE.
to several learned men; but in the mean time Tindal William TINDAL, called “The Apostle of England," and Coverdale were perfecting their work; and the and “the good martyr of God” for the Holy Scrip- next year, 1537, after Tindal's martyrdom, Coverdale, tures, deserves to be had in everlasting remembrance, assisted by John Rogers, published a new edition of hy every Christian using the English language. For the Bible revised, and coinpared with the Hebrew, to that devoted man, under the gracious providence of Greek, Latin, and Luther's German translation, dedi. God, we owe the English translation of the Holy cated to Henry VIII, under the feigned name of MatBible.
thews. Tindal was born at the close of the fifteenth cen. Cranmer presented the Bible to king Henry, who tury, in or near to Wales, and received his education ordered it to be printed as newly translated; and it partly at Oxford, and afterwards at Cambridge. Be- was committed to the care of Richard Grafton and ing called by grace at an early period of his life, his Edward Whitchurch, who, by means of Bonner, the diligence and success as a scholar were extraordinary ; English ambassador in France, obtained leave to have and his thirst after divine knowledge was insatiable. it printed in Paris. This being made known to the He heard of Luther's Reformation in Germany, and priests, the French printers, their English employers, procured some of that great man's writings, by which and Coverdale, who superintended the work, were sum. his inind was confirmed in his abhorrence of the abo- inoned by the inquisitors; and the impression, consist. minations of Popery. As Luther had translated the ing of 2,500 copies, was seized and condemned to the Bible into German, and thus conferred an inestimable flames. Covetousness induced the officers to sell some benefit on his countrymen, Tindal determined on of them for waste paper, and by this means inany translating the word of God into English He at- reached England. When Cranmer received some cotempted to accomplish that noble work in England; pies of this Bible, he said it gave him more joy than if but the opposition and persecution of the popish he had received ien thousand pounds. priests in this country, necessitated him to withdraw The proprietors of the work escaped, and succeeded to the continent; and after conferences with Luther in bringing the types, presses, and printers to London, and his colleagues, he settled at Antwerp, where in where the undertaking was finished. In 1538, by the 1526, he printed an octavo edition of the New Testa- king's proclamation, dated 1537, one of these Bibles ment.
was ordered to be placed in every parish church; and in Many of the copies of this volume were imported 1539, Lord Cromwell procured permission for private aud sold in England; when “ Archbishop Warham persons to purchase copies of the English Scriptures. sent a pastoral letter to all the prelates of his province, Bishop Burnet observes, that in 1541, “Bonner, see. A. D. 1526, acquainting them that certain children of ing the king's mind was set on this, ordered six of iniquity, blinded_by malice, had translated the New these great Bibles to be set up in several places of Testament into English, to spread heresy, and ruin St. Paul's; that all persons who could read, might at men's souls; and that some of these pernicious books all times. And upon the pillars to which these Bibles had been brought into England. He directed them, were chained, an exhortation was set up, admonishing therefore, to command all persons in their diocese, all that caine thither to read, that they should lay aside who had any of these dangerous books, to deliver them vain-glory, hypocrisy, and all other corrupt affections, up to their bishop, or his commissary, within thirty and bring with them discretion, good intentions, chadays, under the pain of excoinmunication, and of being rity, reverence, and a quiet behaviour, for the edificapunished as heretics."
tion of their souls.—But people came generally to hear Sir Thomas More, then Lord Chancellor, condemned the Scriptures read; and such as could read, and had the work; and those who sold or purchased it were clear voices, came often thither with great crowds sentenced to ride on horseback with their faces to the about them. And many sent their children to school, tail, the condemned volumes tied about them ;-and, that they might carry them to St. Paul's, and hear at the Standar.l in Cheapside, London, they were com- then read the Scriptures.” pelled to throw them into the fire, after which they were to pay a heavy fine to the king. Great numbers of the New Testament were sold; and, supported by
REMARKABLE ANAGRAM. the price of them, Tindai, assisted by John Frith, Wil- Pilata's question to our Saviour,“ What is truth?" liam Roye, and Miles Coverdale, proceeded to translate in the Latin vulgate stands thus : “Quid est veritas ?" the Old Testament, which was published in 1535. These letters transposed make “ Esi vir qui adest.”
Incensed against the authors of this translation, “ It is the man before thee."- Youth's Magazine.
THE CAUSE OF INFIDELITY.
This is the only cause which I can discover for the Mr. Editor,
reign of infidelity. It does not rest iu man's own heart, The apathy of man with respect to his for it is clear that his mind does look forward to fula future destiny, so vividly displayed in the conduct and turity. It consists in him who has the power of blinding writings of the Atheists of our own times, is to me a this heart to its own interest, and stilling all its secret subject of wonder and astonishment. I mix with the admonitions And, therefore, I hesitate not to say, men of the world. I see them in their business, and that every one who in thought, word, or deed, is indiffe. hear their conversation. I talk with them in private, rent to his future destiny, is the servant and slave of and yet cannot find that they are at all careful of what Satan now :-and I leave him to judge whose servant he shall be their fate hereafter : any subject seems more will be hereafter. interesting than religion- any topic more cheerfully To you, Mr. Editor, I cannot but be thankful (as one argued. Why then, I am compelled to ask, is this the inost anxious for the eternal welfare of my fellow men) case? How comes it that this indifference pervades for establishing a work which bids fair to shake the every mind, and this thoughtlessness fills every heart? strong-holds of infidelity ; and that it inay do so, will Are men ignorant of their nature? Do they not ever be the carnest prayer of, yours most sincerely, know that they are destined to be the possessors of a
B. Z. boundless eternity—that their continuance on earth will be of short duration, and yet, that when myriads of years shall have rolled by, their spirits will be found
MARTYRDOM OF ST. VINCENT, A SPANISH either enjoying happiness in the bosom of their God, or
MARTYR. writhing beneath the fell tyranny of the Evil One in the regions of the lost ? That they are in ignorance of these This Christian hero was a native of Saragossa, and the facts, I cannot, I will not believe. Who is he that shall son of a distinguished magistrate. His learning and stand beside the death-bed of a friend, and yet profess eloquence carly introduced hiin to the notice of his dioignorance of the nature of the spirit's departure from its cesan Valerius, whose deacon he became; and as that earthly tabernacle? Who is he that shall see his ac- prelate was aflicted with an impediment in speaking, quaintance drop one by one into the grave, and still on him devolved the duty of addressing the congrega. helieve that the life of man is not transitory, and of tion from the episcopal seat. His popularity reached short duration? That all men die, is a fact so evident the ear of Dacian, who summoned both bishop and that none can deny it. That the writer and the reader deacon before him, and who committer both, heavily of this article will ere long be laid in the silent tomb fettered, to the dark dungeons of Valencia. Having is certain : and that the multitudes which now crowd passed some time in this horrible abode, with food our streets and market places will soon become food scarcely sufficient to sustain life, both were again brought for the worms, is incontestibly proved by the years that before the tyrant, who, on observing their cheerful are past. True it is, that no traveller has returned to countenances, which exhibited no marks of suffering, tell the tale of what he has had to undergo ; but does angrily demanded of the guards whether they had not that form a sufficient excuse for indifference on the disobeyed his commands. On hearing that his orders part of beings, who ere long will have to experience all had been punctually performer, he artfully endeavoured the realities of eternity? I should have thought that to seduce by an affected moderation those on whom such a consideration as this would have increased rather severity had produced no visible effect. He exhorted than diminished our anxiety respecting the part we thein to comply with the decrees of the world's great shall act, and the course we shall tread in the boundless
masters, who insisted that the dignity of the ancient ages of futurity. A novel or romance possesses the worship should be restored, and the gods everywhere power of working our feelings to the highest, and we honoured by sacrifices. can watch with anxiety every step which the hero of Valerius attempted to reply, but seeing his embarfiction takes, every word that he utters, every trial he rassed utterance, his young friend said: " Father, dost endures, and in a painful and breathless suspense, at- thou permit me to answer this judge?” The other relend to the denouement of all his plans, and the con- plied, “ My son, I have long trusted thee with the office clusion of his sufferings. The business of life has of speaking, and I leave thee now to justify the faith charms to engross the whole soul, and call forth every for which we are standing here.” In a discourse of energy of the mind, and with painful watchings we surprising energy and eloquence, the deacon then vin. observe every opening prospect which seems to increase dicated the unity of God, and the divinity of Christ, or lessen our chances of success. What! shall I be and contrasted the sublimity of the doctrines he pro. told then that this same being is inattentive to the most fessed with the puerile absurdities of paganism. He awful of all plans, and indifferent about the termination concluded by asserting that entreaties no less than of his own existence ; that he treats with contempt the incnaces would be unable to make them guilty of idoRevelation which God has given of his Son, and, drunk latry. with the cup adıninistered by the syren, Pleasure, re- The intrepidity of the advocate filled Dacian with fuses to drink of those waters of life which are pure, fury. "Let this bishop,” he exclaimed, “ be removed and the drinker of which is assured that he shall thirst hence; as he has disobeyed the imperial edict, he is no more. Clear it must be to every man, that some justly exiled: but for this fellow, who to disobedience strange infatuation overwhelins the soul, for otherwise adds insult, a heavier punishment is reserved. Apply it would not be careless on these important topics. the torture; dislocate his limbs, and let him feel á And what is this infatuation? What is it that has the rebel's punishment.” The order was promptly obeyed, power of blinding man to his best and only real inte- and Dacian had both the gratification to witness, and rest? None other than The Devil!! Yes, Infidel, the burb.rity to deride, the agonies of the sufferer. ridicule you may, and scoff you may, and jeer you may; The latter, whose cheek blanched not, and whose lips but the awful truth is inscribed in letters which the uttered not one word of complaint, regarding his perseocean of eternity can never wash out— that you are cutor with that (a!m composure which proved that his under Satanic influence; that when you rise up it is heaven was already begun, merely replied, -" I have to spend the day under the guidance of the father of always wished for an opportunity of proving my attachlies, and when you lie down to take your rest his wings ment to the religion of Christ ; thou hast given it me, ore shadow you. What an awful thought !
and I am content;” Mad with rage, the governos