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BOOKS OF STERLING MERIT. DisinteRESTEDNESS was a leading feature in the cha
A TREATISE ON COMFORTING AFFLICTED Conracter of Luther: superior to all selfish considera
Written in the year 1620, by Robert tions, he left the honours and emoluments of this world
Bolton, B.D. minister of Broughton in Northampton
shire. to those who delighted in them. The following extract
With an Introduction and Memoir of the from a will he executed some years before his death,
author, by the Rev. J. F. Denham. 18mo. pp. 390. proves how little he regarded that wealth, to attain
London: Wood and Son. Price 58. which millions sacrifice every enjoyment in this life, “AFFLICTED Consciences” require the skill of one and every hope of happiness in the next !—The Re- who has had large acquaintance with “the things of former says, "Lord God! I give thee thanks, that thou the Spirit of God." No one possesses this great qualifi hast willed me to be poor upon the earth, and a beggar. cation, who cannot adopt the language of an eminent I have neither house, land, money, nor professions of spiritual physician, and say, “Come and hear, all ye any kind, which I can leave. Thou hast given me a that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for wife and children ; I commend them to thee: nourish
my soul.” them, teach them, preserve them, as thou hast hitherto
Bolton was thus qualified ; and his “Treatise” is preserved me, O Father of the fatherless, and Judge of
sound, scriptural, and judicious, written by a wise dithe widow !” The poverty of this great man did not vine of that class which includes Owen, Leighton, and arise from wanting the means of acquiring riches ; for Baxter. Boltou's “Treatise" we think equal to Baxfew men have had it in their power more easily to ter's Right Method for a Settled Peace of Conscience obtain them. The Elector of Saxony offered him the and Spiritual Comfort," and worthy of being com. produce of a mine at Sneberg; but he nobly refused
prised in the “ Christian's Cabinet Library,” selected it; “Lest,” said he, “I should tempt the devil, who by the Rev. Mr. Denham. is lord of these subterraneous treasures, to temp! me.” The enemies of Luther were no strangers to his contempt for gold. When one of the popes asked a
A BIRTH-DAY HYMN. certain cardinal, why they did not stop that man's mouth with silver and gold?--his Eminence replied,
Spar'd hitherto, to thee I
pay “ That German beast regards not money!”– It may
The tribute of a grateful heart ; easily be supposed, that the liberality of such a man
Let me no longer, Lcrd, delay, would often exceed his means. A poor student once
But choose at once the better part. telling him of his poverty, he desired Mrs. Luther to Now, while the gospel says “ Return," give him a sum of money; and when she informed him
I would forsake my sinful ways : they had none left, he immediately seized a metal cup Now, while the lamp of life doth burn, of some value, which accidentally stood within his
I would show forth thy lofty praise. reach, and giving it to the poor man, bid him go and sell it, and keep the money to supply his wants. In
Accept my song, dry up my tears,
And call a rebel child thine own; one of his epistles, Luther says, “ I have received ope hundred guilders from Taubereim; and Scharits
Midst joys and sorrows, hopes and fears, has given me fifty: so that I begin to fear, lest God
Unfold the radiance of thy throne. should reward me in this life. But I declare I will not
Then, though I dare not boast of time be satisfied with it. What have I to do with so much
Prolong'd to yet one narrow span, money! I gave half of it to P. Priorus, and made the With God I can my all resign, man glad.”
Nor care to know the fate of man.
A Communication for B. Z. lies at the Publishers'.
The ChristiaN'S PENNY MAGAZIXE may be delivered weekly in the Towns of the United Kingdom, by those Booksellers and Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being unstamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a Newspaper. But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who cannot obtain the publication weekly, it is published every four weeks in parts, each including four numbers; excepting in June and December, in each of which a part will be published containing six numbers. No extra charge is made for the wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the Twelve parts will be 43. 4d.
A CLOUD OF WITNESSES. Never cause had so striking a concurrence of testimony in its favour as Christianity. Look at Moses, esteeming “ the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt. Look at Solomon, interceding not for secular distinction, but for wisdom and knowledge. Look at Paul, “counting all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus.”
Look at Judge Hale, preferring a twig of the tree of life to a whole wood of bays. Were these a priest-ridden faction, who made a gain of godliness, and had an interest to serve by the recommendation of it? Some think so.
But we will not stop to dispute the question with them just now: we will accommodate them from the men of their own school — a inagnanimous school verily! There is Hume ; striving with might and main to discredit the New Testament, and then confessing that he had never attentively read it. There is Voltaire ; vociferating against Jesus Christ, “Crush the wretch ! Crush the wretch !” and then muttering the death-bed lamentation, “I am abandoned by God and man.” There is Chesterfield ; holding on his way in the service of divers lusts and pleasures, and then writing at the end of it, “I do by no means desire to repeat the nauseous dose.” So true is it, that “their rock is not as our Rock, our enemies themselves being judges."
London: Printed and Published by C. WOOD ANTI SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid)
Paternoster Row, BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand, and BAISLER,
Birmingham, by Butterworth, Newbury, Vardy.
Portsea, Horsey, Jun.
Of whom may be had any of the previous Parts or Numbers.
SUFFER LITTLE CHILDREN TO COME UNTO ME - FOR OF SUCH 18 THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN."
INFANT SCHOOLS. Knowledge is one of the grand essentials of Christianity. Ignorance is most unfriendly to scriptural religion; and such are its divine peculiarities, deinonštrating its ever-blessed Aution, that while some of
its sublime doctrines surpass the grasp of the most exalted human or angelic intellect, many of its saving truths may be happily inculcated upon the youngest opening mind.
Dr. Watts, Dr. Doddridge, Matthew Henry, and Sir William Jones, were taught the lessons of eternal
wisdom from the word of God, even in their cradle ; | brought before them at school; their parents were too by which means the seed of divine truth was sown in ignorant to give them much information; their retheir infant minds; and, being watered by the showers marks were, consequently, absurd enough; but we of heavenly grace, fruits of righteousness arose in were interested by this proof that they had been taught their lives, which will continue to bless our world to to think. We entered into conversation with one of the latest generations. Surely the excellent principles them, and asked whether he thought the sun moved or on which they were instructed, may be practically the earth? adopted to a large extent with our infant population. Neither.'
We have heard of the “March of Intellect;" we Neither! Why can't you see the sun move?' have observed it in the present age; and we sincerely 'It only looks so.' rejoice in its progress : but among all the various and 'But why does it look so !' numerous proofs of that advancement, INFANT SCHOOLS Why, I've often thought about it; and you know, we regard as one of the most remarkable and promis- if I run fast by a hedge, the hedge seems running back, ing. They afford, in our view, the most striking and but it does not move.' beautiful comment upon the language and conduct of 'But you are moving yourself.' our blessed Saviour, when he reproved his disciples for *Well, but supposing 'I turn round in this room, and rebuking those who brought infants to receive his then stop; I stand still, and the room stands still, and blessing. “He took them up in his arms, put his yet it seems to me going round; because, I suppose, hands upon them, and blessed them :" and He still I have moved the air between me and the room; and says to us in his holy word, “Suffer the little children to something must move the air between us and the sun, come unto me, and forbid them not; for of such is the and so it seems to move.' kingdom of God.” Matt. xix, 13–15; Mark x, 13–16; “This boy was six years old. He had been at school Luke xvii, 15–17.
between two and three years, and had had no previous “While, therefore, all classes are alive to the various advantages.” May we not ask in the lauguage of our improvements that art is constantly projecting,—while friend, "whether many of those individuals, who will science is marching on in its beneficial career, - when smile at his ignorance, had ever thought so much in not only statesmen and philosophers, but mechanics their lives?" and peasants, are entering the lists to penetrate the Scriptural instruction, by lessons from the Bible, arcana of nature, and blending the theory of the and evangelical hymns, forms a distinguishing part of student with the practice of the artisan, conscious of the exercise in our Infant Schools ; and the impressions their mutual dependence and reciprocal advantages; produced, by the Divine blessing, have in many while the review of these circumstances affords no small instances been deep, permanent, and saving. The degree of pleasure to the reflecting mind, it is to be effects produced on the ininds of the parents, by the hoped that the heavenly science of infant cultivation intelligence and piety of the children, have often will excite a strong interest in the affections and ex- been of the most beneficial nature; and the artless, but ertions of our enlightened nation.”
eloquent and forcible appeals of these little creatures,
have not unfrequently induced the careless and profane The ObjecT OF INFANT Schools.
father to attend the house of God, from which his
wayward steps had long been turned. By the ministry Thomson has declared it a
of these simple preachers, the blaspheming swearer "Delightful task! to rear the tender thought,
has been led to fear and forget his oath, and to form To teach the young idea how to shoot:
his vulgar lips to prayer and praise. such is the design of Infant Schools; and their effici.
Superiority, even in the youngest children, has been ency in this respect is incredible to those who have not
felt and confessed by irreligious parents, while they inade themselves acquainted with their operations and have learnt lessons of eternal wisdom from “the
An intelligent female advocate, in the mouths of babes and sucklings.". Anecdotes of the Christian Lady's Friend for last June, justly observes, most interesting character, in illustration of these “A single visit to one of our infant schools, cannot fail
statements, we could give in abundance, and well to strike one unacquainted with the system, with the authenticated: but the following will suffice: “A little extent and variety of knowledge capable of being boy who attended an infant school, and whose father grasped by these little creatures. Instances might easily was an habitual swearer, repeatedly intreated him not be multiplied of their knowledge of Arithmetic, Geo- to use such wicked words; till at length, hursting into graphy, History, Natural History, and, in short, any sub- tears, the father exclaimed, “Ah, my boy! you must ject which has been presented to their attention. The not be too hard upon me: there were no infant schools truth is, that they are no longer treated as mere ma. in my days !” chines, but as reasonable beings; they are taught to think for themselves; and the habit thus early induced, of mental and intellectual discipline, is brought into
The NecesSITY FOR INFANT SCHOOLS. action on every occasion, and cannot fail to produce Facts the most appalling from the moral condition of on the whole character, results of the most beneficial the populous districts of our country, prove the nenature. It is the mind which is exercised and im- cesity of Infant Schools, and of similar institutions for proved; and whether all the knowledge acquired is after- the improvement of the succeeding generations wards brought into active use or not, the mind has don will be considered as furnishing data sufficient, received an impetus and a power, the advantage of on which to argue the necessity or otherwise of such which can perhaps with difficulty be appreciated. As elementary means of moral and religious training. an example of the activity and energy with which they The whole British metropolis, as we have seen exercise their own faculties, on any subject placed (See Statistics of London, in No. 14 of the Christian's within their reach, we can find room only for the Penny Magazine), contains but 400 places of worship, following-given in the words of a friend, to whom including all denominations, and most of thein but the circumstance occurred.
very thinly attended ; so that many thousands of chil“During the play hours, five or six children had got dren have parents, who pay no regard to the ordinances together, and were discussing the distance of the sun, of religion, and consequently done to the Divine in. the earth, its size, &c. The subject had never been junction, “ bring up your children in the nurture and
admonition of the Lord,” Eph. vi. Can we wonder our Saviour abounds with the deepest truths that can therefore that there should exist such an increase of possibly interest the mind of man; and to neglect these juvenile delinquency? "Domen gather grapes of important facts in the course of infant instruction is to thorns, or figs of thistles ?”. The authority and beauty pour contempt on the authority of Jehovah, and lead of moral and religious truth are not presented to their The children froin the Redeemer, who came to seek and minds, either by precept or example, and their natural to save the lost. But some object, “The children will corruption “grows with their growth, and strengthens not be able to comprehend these sacred subjects.' with their strength,” until they become a public nui. The same objections may be urged against teaching sance, a curse to society. The “ British Magazine," them to study the beauties of creation. "God has given conducted by clergymen of the established church, a full relation of his will in the Scriptures; these shed a says, “there are at the present moment about 15,000 glorious lustre on all the works of his hands, and lead boys in the metropolis, children of the poor, who have to the solid conclusion—'He that built all things is no visible means of subsistence, and who in fact are God.' But redemption is that in which man is most many of them trained to every variety of vice.” How deeply interested, and should, therefore, excite a cormany girls may be added to that appalling number? responding concern in all who patronize or have the The following will strikingly illustrate the above state- charge of Infant Schools. ment, and show the indispensable necessity of juvenile “ It is of the utmost consequence to the well-being moral training
of the system, and the highest interests of the children, A lad, about ten years of age, was convicted of steal- that suitable teachers should be procured. They should ing a piece of printed cotton, of small value, from a be genuine Christians ; ‘Israelites indeed, in whom is linen-draper's shop. The parents of the boy were in no guile ;' men of unblemished reputation, and strict attendance, and were asked by the judge (Mr. Sergeant integrity; not double-tongued, conceited novices, Arabin), what they would wish to be done with their but prudent, discreet, temperate in all things; the sons child?
of God without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and The mother said, “that she had done all she could perverse generation. They should be fully enligh. for him ; but he had formed such a connection with tened, deeply awakened, and soundly converted to God. bad characters that she could do no more !”
They must possess a strong and lively understanding ; Mr. Serg. Arabin. If the court permit you to take a sound discriminating judgment; a sauctified and re. your boy home, will you take care and prevent him tentive memory; a ready, affectionate, and persuasive from committing any further crime?
utterance; and a quenchless zeal for the salvation of "I can't be answerable: I'll do all I can!”
!" The father said, he could not be answerable for the Dr. Adam Clarke took a lively interest in Infant good conduct of his son whilst at his work.
Schools, and that distinguished man observes, “ The Mr. Serg. Arabin. It is of no use; the parents will more I see and know of the system of infant education, not shield the poor boy from the sentence of the court, the more fully am I convinced, that, in order to its therefore let himn be called up for judgment.
stability and prosperity, the teachers must be well inMr. Ald. Farebrother. Stop, Mr. Sergeant. Then, formed persons, mighty in the scriptures, able to imaddressing the parents, he asked how many children part knowledge in a simple, interesting, and pleasant they had they answered, Only the prisoner.
manner. They must read attentively, think deeply, Mr. Ald. Farebrother. Well, really, I must say it and pray fervently: they have to assist in moulding the is something very strange, that parents who have only human character. How correct their views ought to one child can refuse to throw that protection around
be of divine truth! How chaste, not stiff or pompous, him it is their duty to afford.
the language by which they communicate instruction ! Mr. Serg. Arabin. Call the poor boy up for judg- They should study man in his nature, character, and ment; he is deserted by his parents.
destiny; a creature made by and for God; but through The prisoner was then called up to receive the sen- the sin that dwells in him, as fearfully and wonder. tence of the court, and looking at his parents, who fully vile as he is 'fearfully and wonderfully made.'” stood near the dock, he wept bitterly. The court then ordered him to be transported for seven years.
In our next number we purpose giving a paper on
DOMESTIC INFANT SCHOOLS ; with a notice of Brown's RELATION OF Infant Schools to NationAL AND Essay on Cultivation of the Infant Mind.”
Sunday Schools. Sunday schools have properly been denominated the sure nurseries of our churches ;” and such they are in reality. But what can be so adınirably adapted to pre
RETROSPECTION. pare the infant mind to profit by the instructions There is a silent chronicle of past hours in the inani. afforded by the Nationul,' the British, and Sunday mate things amidst which they have been spent, that schools, as the training which we are recommending? gives us back the affections, the regrets, the sentiments The writer of this paper, a few days ago, visited an of our former days: that gives back their joys without Infant School near Blackheath, founded and supported tumult, their griefs without poignancy, and produces by the estimable Lady Dowager Dartinouth, where the equally from both a pensive pleasure, which men who order and progress of the children appeared excellent, have retired from the world are peculiarly fond of inand sonse of the children being six years old, they dulging. Above all others, those objects which recal were referred to, as retained to be soon transferred to a
the years of our childhood will have this tender effect National School. The plan seems worthy of being on the heart; they present to us afresh the blissful adopted in every parish.
illusions of life, when gaiety was undamped by care, and
hope smiled upon us unchecked by disappointment. QUALIFICATION OF THE TEACHERS OF INFANT
The distance of the scene adds to our idea of its SCHOOLS.
felicity, and increases the tenderness of its recollection, Mr. Brown, the intelligent master of the Spitalfields It is like a view by moonlight: the distinctness of Infant School, in his “Essays on the Cultivation of the objects is lost; but a kind of mellow diinness soften Infant Mind," judiciously observes, "The gospel of God and unites the whole.
corrupt with their licentious partners and companions ;
and the evil was increasing, so as to threaten the extincENOCH.
tion of every principle of religion upon the earth. The State of the World in the age of Enoch.
These unholy marriages produced a race of men, who
appear to have been the most determined eneniies of That the family of Cain should bear a strong resem
godliness. “There were giants in the earth in those blance to their wicked father, might reasonably be ex- days; and also after that, when the sons of God came pected. The public worship of God was unknown
in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children among them. Converse on the bounteous goodness,
unto them, the same became inighty inen, which were and on the holy and merciful character of their Creator,
of old, men of renown.” Gen. vi, 4. would never be heard in their habitations. They could These giants are believed to have been, not so much know but little of the Divine promises of a Saviour;
men of extraordinary stature, as tyrants ; “men of and being separated from the worshippers of God, that
renown,” and “mighty men” for acts of oppression, little would become Jess influential on their minds.
cruelty, and abominable wickedness. “Of these reTheir father being an infidel, disbelieving the promises nowned heroes of antiquity,” as many suppose, “the of God to the penitent, and disregarding the ordinances
heathen made their gods." of religion, as observed by the sons of God” in the
Many lessons of the soundest wisdom are contained family of Seth, the unbelief of Cain would be cherished
in this part of the sacred history, especially in relation by his children, it being congenial to their depraved
to improper marriages. The sources of most of the hearts . The Cainites were busily employed in the affairs
calamities, with which the world has been afflicted, of the present world; skilful in their inventions in the
both in public and in private life, are justly attributed, mechanical arts, which served the purposes of refine.
by many wise and plous men, to indiscretion in this inent; and increasing in the possession of those things
most momentous of all eartbly connections. Females which gratified the sensual mind.
possessing high accomplishments, but destitute of per“The sons of God," the Sethites, were more dis
sonal religion, are found to be the most dangerous tinguished for the purity of their manners; and were
companions for serious young men. Many a young contented with their simple, pastoral incde of living.
man, who has been seriously devoted to God, bas found For a considerable period, it appears, that the two
to his bitter regret the pernicious influence of an ele. branches of Adam's family held no intercourse, living gant and beautiful, but irreligious wife. His purposes at a distance from each other. The picus were afraid
of serving God with all his house, have been fatally of being corrupted by the infidelity of the children of
hindered by her authority, persuasion, and habits. The Cain, and they avoided their society as pernicious in children of such have been taught every thing except its influence, carefully keeping in their fruitful valleys. the “one thing needful,” – except the things that be“Here, in retirement from profane mankind,
long to their everlasting peace; and the domestics have They worshipp'd God with purity of mind,
despised the forms of that religion, which were inFed their small flocks, and till'd their narrow soil, Like parent Adam, with submissive toil.”
consistently observed by the master. WORLD BEFORE THE Flood. Let our young readers learn wisdom by this part of
Holy Scripture. Young females, though “fair” as But in process of tiine, the boundaries of this sepa- the early “ daughters of inen,” should remember, that ration were broken down. The young men among “ favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain ; but a woman “the sons of God," having in many instances only that feareth the LORD, she shall be praised.” Prov. “the forin of godliness, but denying its power,” were xxxi, 30. Their most valuable treasure, their most impatient under the wise restraints imposed upon them lovely ornainent, is genuine piety, producing “a meek by their pious parents, and excited with curiosity to
and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great know the manners of the sons of Cain. Enamoured
price.” I Pet. ii, 4. And let our young men, especially of the elegance, beauty, and accomplishinents of the
those who have been “brought up in the nurture and daughters of the Cainites, by whom it is probable they
admonition of the LORD” by pious parents, be warned were enticed, they formed connections with them in
against forming connections with the vain, the vicious, the bonds of marriage, disregarding their infidel prin
the ungodly, however lovely in features, beautiful in ciples.
form, or superior in elegant accomplishments ; lest This deplorable state of things is expressed with
they contribute an awful share to bring upon the earth instructive conciseness by the inspired historian in the
that infidelity and ungodliness which prevailed in the book of Genesis. He says, “And it came to pass, world in the days of the prophet Enoch. when men began to multiply on the face of the earth,
(To be continued.) and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose.” Chap. vi, 1, 2.
THE SCOFFER REPROVED BY A PRINCE. The enchanting iufluence of these beautiful but irreligious women, soon subverted the pious principles LADY HUNTINGDON's heart was truly devoted to God; of their husbands, who threw off the yoke of religious and she resolved, to the best of her ability, to lay herprecepts, which they had never loved, and yielded to self out to do good. The poor around her were the the power of infidelity in their wives. Such has been natural objects of her attention. These she bountifully the case in numerous instances since that period. Even relieved in their necessities; conversed with, and led Solomon, the wisest of men, was deluded and led away them to their knees, praying with thein and for them. by listening to his wives, and fell from his religious The late Prince of Wales, one day at court, asked a consistency and reverence for the LORD God, to the lady of fashion, Lady Charlotte E- where iny Lady stupidity of bowing down in worship to senseless Huntingdon was, that she so seldom visited the circle? idols!
Lady Charlotte replied, with a sneer, “I suppose, The very form of goodness, in these apostates from praying with her beggars.” The Prince shook his head the worship of God, was quickly swallowed up by the and said, "Lady Charlotte, when I am dying, I think prevalence of iniquity. Those who had been formerly I shall be happy to seize the skirt of Lady Huntingdistinguished as “the sons of God,” became equally don's mantle, to lift ine up with her to heaven."