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xi, 23—28. 7. Religious conversation and social prayer,
Malachi iii, 16; 1 Thessalonians v, 2; Acts xii, 12. Except intemperance and filthiness, probably nothing
Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous contributes to predispose for the cholera more than
things out of thy law, Psalm cxix, 18. FEAR. Many have fallen both into disease and death by fear; and during the prevalence of the dire disease,
DAILY RESOLUTIONS. with which our country has recently been afflicted, not a few, it is believed, have been its victims through
By grace ye are saved, through faith, not of works, this unhappy state of mind. Every effort, therefore, to
Eph. ii, 8, 9. We are his workmanship, created in allay that “ fear which hath torment,” and to tranquil.
Christ unto good works, verse 10. I can do all things lize the minds of our neighbours and countrymen,
through Christ who strengtheneth me, Phil. iv, 3. God must be worthy of the true philanthropist, and of
is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of the genuine Christian. Cheerfulness promotes health:
love, Heb. vi, 10. Blessed are the dead who die in the and no one has so much reason for a cheerful frame of
Lord - their works follow them, Rev. xiv, 13. heart as the sincere Christian. Nehemiah acted most
1. I will never lie down at night to rest without wisely and benevolently in exhorting the weeping Jews
prayer; nor when I am in health, sleep longer than to cheerfulness, saying, “ the joy of the LORD is your six, or at most eight hours. strength,” chap. viii, 10. Such is our admonition to
II. I will never rise in the morning, to proceed to our readers.
business, until I have first retired, at least for a few The following series of “instructions" and of "daily
minutes, dedicating myself as an offering of thanks to resolutions,” drawn up by a devoted Christian minister,
God, and asking his blessing through Jesus Christ. after an attack of cholera, we think adapted to pro- IIÍ, I will endeavour to preserve a constant dismote peace of mind, and worthy of making public at
position for prayer, relying upon the promise of God the present time. They have been published on a card, for his Holy Spirit. the is instructions on one side, and the “ daily resolu.
IV. Knowing my own infirmities, I will take care tions" on the other.
not to magnify the faults of others; but to abstain INSTRUCTIONS
from speaking of them, especially of those which mark In the method of Salvation, revealed in the Gospel;
my fellow Christians. with Daily RESOLUTIONS, prepared on the bed of
V. I will, with the Divine aid, accustom myself to sickness, and recommended to his church and friends.
do every thing in the name of Jesus Christ, and for his honour and glory:
VI. I will consider myself as bought with the precious Admonitions of the Gospel.-1. Take heed what ye blood of Christ, and seek to improve my soul in hear, Mark iv, 24. 2. Believe not every spirit-try
saving knowledge, and to preserve my body in health, the spirits, 1 John iv, 1. 3. By their fruits ye shall
that I may employ it, with all my property and powers, know them, Matt. vii, 20. 4. Take heed how ye hear,
for his glory: Luke viii, 10. 5. Examine yourselves, prove your own. VII. I will, with the help of God, neither do por selves, 2 Cor. xiii, 5. 6. Stand fast in one spirit, with
undertake any thing of which I think that I shall repeat one mind, striving together for the faith of the gospel,
in the UNCERTAIN hour of my certain death. Phil. ii, 27.
VIII. Wherever I go, I will first pray to God, that I Maxims of the Gospel.-1. Without faith it is impos
may commit no sin there, but be the means of duing sible to please God, Hebrews xi, 6. 2. Without holi
some good to others. ness no man shall see the Lord, Hebrews xii, 14. 3. If
XI. Every day will I read and study the word of any man be in Christ, he is a new creature, 2 Cor. v, 17.
God, as the means of salvation, and the rule of all my 4. If any man have not the Spirit of Christ he is none
actions. of his, Rom. viii, 9.
X. Every day will I be especially attentive to proDesign of the Gospel.-1. To exalt IMMANUEL, the
mote the spiritual interests of my own family in parSaviour, Phil. ii, 9–11. 2. To humble the guilty but
ticular. redeemed sinner, Romans iii, 19. 3. To originate and
XI. I will take a conscientious interest in the cause secure universal holiness, Titus ii, 11-14. 4. To
of Christ as my Saviour, for the glory of his name in prepare an innumerable multitude for heaven, Rev. vii,
the salvation of men. 9-14.
XII. Every evening will I examine iny temper and Order of the Gospel Salvation.-1. The merciful
conduct through the day by these rules, and labour in purpose of God in eternity, Eph. i, 4; 2 Tim. i, 9. 2.
the strength of the Spirit of God, to correct my errors, The manifestation of it, chiefly by Christ's mediation,
and plead the blood of Christ for pardon. 2 Tim. i, 10. 3. Regeneration by the grace of the Holy Spirit, John iii, 5; Tit. iii, 5. 4. Justification “ Thou, God, seest me,” and knowest what I have and pardon by faith in Christ, Acts x, 43; xiii, 38, 39.
resolved; enable me to read or repeat these Resolutions 5. Conversion to God both in heart and in life, 1 Thess.
every morning with sincerity, and every evening with i, 5-8. 6. Godly sorrow for sin, confessing and for
joy and an approving conscience. saking it, Psalm xxxii, 5. Sanctification of the spirit in obedience to the will of God, 1 Pet. i, 3 and 22. 8. Witnessing of divine adoption by the Spirit, Rom.
LOVEST THOU ME? viii, 16; Gal. iv, 6. 9. Emancipation from the body to “ Lovest thou me?” I hear my Saviour say: heavenly bliss, 2 Cor. v, 1-6. 10. Resurrection to Oh! that my heart had power to answer Yea. eternal glory, John v, 29; 1 Cor. xv, 51–54.
Thou knowest all things, Lord, in heaven above Means of Grace, ordained by the Gospel.-1. Secret and And earth beneath; thou knowest that I lovc. family prayer, Matt. vi, 6; Jer. 25. 2. Self-examina. But 'tis not so in word, in deed, in thought : tion, 1 Cor. xi, 28; 2 Cor. xiii, 5. 3. Reading the Holy I do not, cannot love Thee as I ought. Scriptures, Psalni i, 2; John v, 39. 4. Spiritual medi- Thy love must give that power : Thy love alone : tation, Psalm cxix, 97—99; Col.iii, 16. 5. Public wor- There's nothing worthy of thee but ihine own. ship, Psalm cxxii; Hebrews x, 25. 6. Commemorating Lord, with the love wherewith Thou lovest me, Christ in the Lord's Supper, Luke xxii, 19-20; 1 Cor. Shed in my heart abroad, would I love Thee.
entirely occupied with the spade and plough, and, I am told, show themselves sufficiently religious at the hour of death.”
So far the quotation. Who can refrain from blushing, as he reads it, to think that the perpetrators of such atrocities were of the same form and substance with himself! Unhappy monsters! How vain as well as brutal was your rage! The flock which ye endeavoured to devour yet lives; poor and separated, it is true ; but still worthy of the faith and firmness of their ancestors. Through the dreary lapse of centuries, the songs of Zion have never been quite hushed in Piedmont, and the 20,000 of her inhabitants are even now transmitting those principles to posterity, which shall reign and iriumph in the earth" when the throne of Babylon is deinolished, and the fruits that her soul lusted after have departed for ever and ever!
T. C. H.
THE WALDENSES. It was about the middle of the twelfth century, and more than three hundred and fifty years before Luther's
Reformation,” that Peter Waldo, a rich merchant of Lyons in France, set himself in opposition to the Roman Catholic apostacy. His followers, who were called Waldenses, probably from their connection with hiin, rapidly increased throughout various provinces in Europe ; but the district most remarkable for the establishment of their worship was the valley of Piedmont, which skirts the base of the Alps and Pyrennees; there the word of the Lord went out at various times from among them, and there also, as well as elsewhere, to quote the words used a little while ago by one of their own ministers, the first thunderbolts of Rome were fulminated against them, and the baying of the blood. hounds of the Inquisition was heard, before we, Englishmen, knew even its name. The following account of what took place at Montalto in the year 1560, will serve as a specimen of the afflictions generally accomplished in their brethren. It was originally coinmunicated in a letter to Ascanio Caraccioli from his servant, himself a Roman Catholic, and therefore not likely to overrate the crimes of the oppressor, or the virtues of the oppressed.
“ Most illustrious Sir,- Having written you from time to tiine what has been done here in the affair of heresy, I have now to inform you of the dreadful justice which began to be executed on these Lutherans * early this morning, being the 11th of June. And, to tell you the truth, I can compare it to nothing but the slaughter of so many sheep. They were all shut up in one house as in a sheep-fold. The executioner went, and bringing out one of them, covered his face with a napkin, or henda, as we call it, led him out to a field near the house, and causing him to kneel down, cut his throat with a knife. Then taking off the bloody napkin, he went and brought out another, whom he put to death after the same manner. In this way, the whole number, amounting to eighty-eight men, were butchered. I leave you to figure to yourself the lamentable spectacle ; for 1 can scarcely refrain from tears while I write; nor was there any person, who, after witnessing the execution of one, could stand.to look on a second. The meekness and patience with which they went to martyrdom and death were incredible. Some of them at their death professed themselves of the same faith with us, but the greater part died in their cursed obstinacy. All the old men met their death with cheerfulness, but the young exhibited symptoms of fear. I shudder while I think of the executioner, with the bloody knife in his teeth, the dripping napkin in his hand, and his arms besmeared with gore, going to the house, and taking out one after another, just as a butcher does the sheep which he means to kill. According to orders, waggons are already come to carry away the dead bodies, which are appointed to be quartered, and hung up on the public roads from one end of Calabria to the other. Unless his Holiness and the Viceroy of Naples command the Marquis de Buccianici, the governor of this province, to stay his hand and leave off, he will go on to put others to the torture, and multiply the executions until he has destroyed the whole. Even to day a decree has passed, that a hundred grown-up women shall be executed; so that we may be able to say, in well-sounding language, that so many persons were punished, partly men and partly women. Four other places in the kingdom of Naples are inhabited by the same race, but I do not know that they behave'ill; for they are a simple unlettered people,
* By this general term the Protestants, including of course the Waldenses, were designated after the Reformation.
A dark cloud in a summer sky;
A tearful sound of agony.
For, oh! though sweet the draught may be,
Then Farewell brings its poignancy:
But feebly draws his dying breath,
Farewell just whisp'ring forth from death.
It is too much — the heart will break-
'Tis grief that knows not how to speak.
Resounding from the vaulted sky;
And banish every farewell sigh.
Where roses bloom without decay ;
Where all is everlasting day.
Where friends will meet, and no more sever;
Bought with His blood who reigns for ever! Saffron Walden.
ODE TO PITY. Each sacred drop, a beauteous gem
Falls soft from Pity's eye ; And dearer is the liquid pearl
Than all that mines could buy. Warm on the heart by sorrow chill'd
Descends the vital dew,
Assumes a milder hue.
That wake the drooping flower, The grateful heart the balm receives,
And hails the genial shower.
ATTAINMENTS OF THE LATE DR. A. CLARKE.
A DOVE ON THE CHURCH PULPIT.
On a dove, flying into a village church, and alighting Our limits would not allow us to give a Meinoir on the pulpit just as the Clergyman was announcing worthy of the late Dr. Adam Clarke : and as we knew
a Sermon to be preached in aid of Missions. that due honour would be granted to him in various
Welcome, soft messenger of peace ! periodicals, we were content to postpone our notice of
Let faith and hope the omen hail ; that great man.
The moral deluge soon shall cease, Considering his disadvantages in early life, and his
And truth, eternal rock, prevail. early introduction to the Methodist ministry in his nineteenth year, his attainments must be regarded as
'Twas thine with new-born hopes to fill extraordinary. At an early age," as himself informs
The sad survivors of a world ; us, he took for his motto, Through desire, a man,
And Fancy 'mid thy plumage still having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth
Sees the bright arch of leaven unfurl'd. with all wisdom” Prov. xviii, 1. This was a motto
Shrouded in thee from mortal sight, worthy of the adoption of the man who determined to
The Spirit hallow'd Jordan's tide, become a scholar; and the success of Dr. Clarke in his
When with the sinner's healing rite studies remarkably exemplified and illustrated the
The sinless Son of God complied. sentiment of that passage. His acquirements in ori
'Twas on thy rushing pinions sped, ental learning have been characterized as “stupen.
The same all-conqu’ring Spirit came, dous ; ” and his persevering industry is manifest in
When wondering thousands saw with dread his “ Concise View of the succession of sacred litera.
The mystic tongues of living famc. ture, in a chronological arrangement of authors and
Who then shall blame, if Fancy seize their works, from the formation of alphabetical charac
presage hallow'd by the sky, ters to the year of our Lord 345,” one vol. 12mo.; and
When, wasted on the joyous breeze, his “Commentary on the Bible,” in eight volumes 4to.
The Spirit's type thus meets her eye? Of this great work the Rev. Mr. Horne, iu his invaluble “Introduction to the critical Study of the Scriptures,"
She marks it, with confiding wing,
Settle on Truth's immortal shrine ; says, “ the literary world in general, and biblical students in particular, are greatly indebted to Dr. Clarke
While hosts unseen of angels sing, for the light he has thrown on inany very difficult
“The nations, Lord, shall yet be thine." passages.” Our object in this brief notice of that excellent and
A HINT FOR MEN IN BUSINESS. learned minister of Jesus Christ, is to render honour
"I endeavour,” says the late Dr. Fothergill, in a letter to the memory of a man so great and good; and especially to commend his example to our young friends, as
to one of his friends, “ to follow my business, because it
is my duty rather than iny interest; the latter is ina persevering, successful scholar, whose attainments were the fruit of his own diligent application.
separable from a just discharge of duty; but I have Some of the friends of the Methodist connection,
ever looked at the profits in the last place. At my first we perceive, are speaking with a degree of despon
setting out I wished most fervently, and I endeavour
after it still, to do my business with all the diligence I dency, as if, with Dr. Clarke, “their glory had de
could, as a present duty, and to repress every rising parted:” but with all respect for the talents and learning of that venerable man, we are persuaded that they
idea of its consequences; knowing that there was a
hand which could easily overthow every pursuit of this have his superior by far, if not as a scholar and Biblical
kind, and baffle every attempt either to acquire wealth critic, yet as a Theologian, in the person of the estima
or fame,”- Leltsom’s Life of Dr. Fothergill. ble RICHARD WATSON.
Dr. Adam CLARKE ON THE BOOK OF GENESIS. We cannot always agree with Dr. Clarke in his criticisms on the various parts of the Book of Genesis ; but we admire the beautiful simplicity of his address to his reader, at the close of that wonderful portion of the divine word.
“ Reader, thou hast now before thee the most ancient and the most authentic history in the world : a history that contains the first written discovery that God has made of himself to mankind : a discovery of his own being in his wisdom, power, and goodness, in which thou and the whole human race are so intimately concerned. How much thou art indebted to him for this discovery he alone can teach thee, and cause thy heart to feel its obligations to his wisdom and mercy. God made thee and the universe, and governs all things according to the counsel of his own will. While under the direction of this counsel thou canst not err; while under the influence of this will thou canst not be wretched. Give thyself up to his teaching, and submit to his authority; and after guiding thee here by his counsel, he will at last bring thee to glory.”
“ BE JUST, AND FEAR NOT.” In the cathedral of Christ Church, in Dublin, is a tablet to the memory of “ James Viscount Lifford, late Lord Chancellor of Ireland," who died in 1789, aged 73 years, with the following inscription :
“The unanimous sense of a grateful nation is the best testimony of the unblemished integrity with which, for a space of twenty-two years, be filled his high and important station; ever firmly adhering to the maxim he had originally assumed as the guide of his judicial deci. sions — Be just, and fear not.” London ; Priyted and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid)
Patergoster Row; BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand; and BAISLER,
Birmingham, by Butterworth, Newbury, Vanly.
Portsea, Horsey, Juo,
Of whom may be had any of the previoqs Parts or Nambers,
“ Hazard not thyself in the shadow of corruption,” is one of the authoritative injunctions of that deep thinker and great philosophical reasoner, Sir Thomas Browne.
WHITFIELD'S CHAPEL, TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD, LONDON.
larged, by adding an octangular front, which gave it
the appearance of two chapels. Since we presented our readers with a Biographical This chapel is believed to be the largest place of worsketch of the Rev. George Whitfield, M A., in No. XI sluip in the kingdom, not immediately connected with of the “Christian's Penny Magazine,” with a cut of the established church: its length is 126 feet ; its his celebrated TABERNACLE, we have been importuned breadth 76 feet; and its height to the crown of the to give a cut of his large chapel in Tottenham Court dome and pinnacle 112 feet. The interior of the chapel Road. This we are now enabled to do, with a few is very neat; the roof is supported by 12 columns with notices of its history.
caps; and in the centre is a large cupola, which serves In 1755, a lease was granted, lvy Captain Charles as a ventilator : it is well constructed for hearing; and Fitzroy, of the family of lord Southampton, of a plot a moderate voice may be heard in every part of the of ground, near the "Field of Forty Footsteps *,” and building. This chapel will seat between 4,000 and the Lavenden Mills, in Coyes Garden, in the Totten- 5,000 persons, and a great part of the accommodation is ham Road, for the term of 12 years, to the Rev. George free for the poor. An extensive burial ground is at. Whitfield, M. A. Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, tached to the chapel, with commodious catacombs, for the purpose of the erection of a chapel. The de- and vast numbers of pious persons have deposited the sign was drawn by himself, and begun in May. 1756, mortal remains of their departed friends in that enand finished so as to be opened November 7, in the closure. same year. At the close of the year 1759, it was en- The walls of Tottenham Court Chapel are orna
mented with monumental tablets, in inemory of our An Historical Melo-Drama, entitled “The Field of Forty Footsteps,” founded on an event in the families of De Vere and
pious forefathers ; ainong which, are those of the Matchlove, in the time of the Commonwealth. The London
Rev. George Whitfield, M. A. its founder, and Elizabeth University is built on part of this field, at the end of Gower
his wife; the Rev. Augustus Toplady, B. A. late of Street.
Trinity College, Dublin ; Mrs. Mary Waring, a very Vol. I.
beautiful tablet; and one to Miss Ann Cecilia Rhodes, of Dr. Peckwell studied medicine and anatomy, that he Chatham, Kent. One also to John Bacon, Esq., R. A. might be more useful in his cure, visiting the sick and sculptor, with the following inscription written by poor : but while opening the body of a young person, himself :
who had died of a putrid fever, he wounded one of his What I was as an Artist,
fingers with a needle, which proved fatal by mortificaSeemed to me of some importance While I lived:
tion on the tenth day! Faith in the atonement and but
righteousness of Christ enabled him to triumph over What I really was as a Believer,
death and the grave! Dr. Peckwell was the founder Is the only thing of importance to me now.
of the charity called “ The Sick Man's Friend.” Whitfield's lease of this chapel expired in 1828, and the place of worship was closed until 1831, when the
Dr. DodD PREACHING his own FUNERAL SERMON. freehold was purchased. At a meeting of the “Trustees and Provisional Committee,” held Sept. 16, 1831,
Besides Dr. Peckwell, we recollect having heard of it was reported by them, that, “after much negociation no other preaching his own funeral sermou, except the and suspense, the chapel and burial ground, originally
unfortunate Dr. Dodd. This unhappy clergyman was held by the Rev. George Whitfield, under a lease which a popular preacher in the British metropolis. His had expired, and could not be renewed, had now been
connection with the great, occasioned his extravagance, perinanently purchased for 14,0001., and conveyed, with
which led him to forge the name of his patron, Lord the Tabernacle, for the benefit of the congregation and
Chesterfield, to a bond for 4,2001., the fraud of which public, to fourteen trustees. That the chapel had been
being discovered, he was tried and condemned in Feb. improved, and would be completely repaired and re
1777. Great interest was made to procure the mitigaopened for public worship on Thursday, Oct. 27, tion of punishment to save his life, but in vain : "he when it was hoped that the Rev. Rowland Hill, A. M. was executed at Tyburn, June 27, 1777, after having would preach in the morning, and in the evening the
preached his own funeral sermon in Newgate. Rev. James Parsons of York. They also announced,
There is every reason to believe Dr. Dodd died a that, when re-opened, the worship would be conducted
true penitent, from his “Prison Thoughts," published with the forms previously used, and that they had con
after his death. tinued to reserve several hundred free sittings for the accommodation of strangers and the poor. But they also announced, that the costs of the repairs and im
STATISTICS OF MIDDLESEX. provements would, with the purchase and incidental expenses, amount nearly to 20,0001.; and that, after
Middlesex is almost the sinallest county in England : appropriating towards that suin a congregational fund
but as it comprehends the two vast cities of LONDON of 5,0001., there would remaid to be paid about 15,0001.
and WESTMINSTER, it is the most populous, and by far for which there were no resources but in that Christian
the most wealthy. It is divided into 602 liberties, liberality, which they trusted the members of the con
containing 200 parishes. Exclusive of the divisions in nection, and the friends of religion throughout the em
London and Westminster, and the Tower Hamlets, it pire, would kindly display."
is divided into 6 hundreds, and 98 parishes. It conIt was also reported, that 3,3001. had already been
tains, besides the two cities, seven inarket towns, and subscribed by individual members of the Tabernacle and
BRENTFORD is considered the county town. Tottenham Court congregations, and various friends.
Middlesex derives its name from its situation amidst On the 27th day of October 183), the joyful event of
the three kingdoms of the East, West, and South the re-opening of this chapel took place ; when, after
Saxons. It is bounded on the North by Hertfordshire ; the services in the church of England Liturgy had
on the South by the river Thaines, which separates it from been read, the Rev. William Jay, of Bath, preached in
Surrey; on the West by the Colne, which divides it from the morning, from Rev. xxi, 22; and the Rev. James
Buckinghamshire; and on the East by the Lea, which Parsons, of York, in the evening, from Jer. x, 3. Though
separates it from Essex. Middlesex is about 24 miles the weather was unfavourable, the congregations were
long, from East to West; and 18 broad, from North to large, and the collections amounted to 2621.
South. The air is very pleasant and healthy, to which a Genuine religion has been eminently promoted by
fine soil of gravel and loam greatly contributes. It promany of the services of a succession of the most eminent
duces plenty of corn, and the county abounds with fertile preachers, in this chapel ; and we recollect having
meadows and gardens. The greater part of the county read reported from the congregation at Tottenham Court
is so prodigiously assisted by the rich compost from Chapel, about 5001. per annum contributed to the
London, that the whole of the cultivated part is like a London Missionary Society: besides the generous sup
garden. The natural productions are cattle, corn, and port of very large Sunday Schools, and many benevo
fruit; and almost every manufacture established in ient institutions. May the Holy Spirit be poured forth,
Great Britain is found in this county. By Mr. Baird's in all his rich gifts and graces, upon the pastor, and
report to the Board of Agriculture, in 1793, Middle. upon the congregation at this place; and may the
sex contains “about 250,000 acres; of which 130,000 ministry of the Gospel of Christ, by the occasional
are in meadow and pasture; 50,000 in nursery, gar: supplies, at Tottenham Court Chapel, be crowned with
dens, and pleasure grounds; 50,000 in tillage ; and His efficient benediction, in the conversion of thousands
about 20,000 in commons,” by which “the public of souls to God!
loses about 200,000l. per annum." Since that period however much of the “commons” has been enclosed
and cultivated. In the inmediate vicinity of London, DR. PECKWELL PREACHING AIS Own FUNERAL
10,000 acres are cultivated as kitchen gardens, a fourth SERMON.
part of which is in Middlesex. The average annual In the year 1787, in the month of August, a very produce per acre, amounts in value to 2001., 1201. of singular incident took place in Tottenham Court which is calculated profit. Chapel :-a minister preaching his own funeral sermon. Middlesex is not remarkable for picturesque beauty. This was the Rev. Henry Peckwell, V. D. rector of It presents in general a gently waving surface, with Bloxham-cum-Digby, Lincolushire. The occasion which considerable inequalities in some places, and extensive led to this very affecting circumstance deserves notice. levels in others. From the Thames towards the north,