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DESCRIPTION OF THE CAMSEEN. JUSTIN MARTYR, SUFFERED AT ROME, A, D. 163. This terrible wind prevails more or less for fifty days 24. Justin Martyr was born in Samaria, and edu. in Egypt, during the spring, and its effects are so dread. cated a pagan. Thirsting for knowledge, he gave him
ful, that were it to continue for more than two or three self to study, and was eminent in all the learning of
days in succession, all animated nature would be dethuse times. By travelling he became acquainted with
stroyed. It possesses the enervating and dispiriting the inost distinguished scholars of that age ; but he songht
nature of the Sirocco, and sweeping across the deserts in vain for truth and happiness among all the sects of
of Africa, brings with it dense clouds of sand. Though philosophers. Alexandria, being a city of great lite
every window and door was closed, all parts of the rary fame, invited his residence; and here he pursued
house were filled with it, and it penetrated into our his studies of the systems of pagan philosophy, with
hair, our food, and our dress. much dissatisfaction and increasing doubts.
Fancy to yourself the most dense and gloomy No. Walking one day alone by the sea side, he met a ve
vember London fog, with a dark and lurid atmosphere nerable stranger, with whoin he entered into a free impregnated with dust, and accompanied by a hollow conversation, expressing, after some time, his solicitude
mournful sound, and you will have a faint idea of the to become acquainted with God. Justin was eloquent
Caiseen; but the blast heats instead of cooling, the in the praises of philosophy, which nevertheless had skin is parched, and a violent thirst ensues, which it is yielded him but little consolation. The stranger re
almost impossible to assuage. This wind is most uncommended him to seek God, and truth, and happi- healthy, and is generally the precursor of that dreadful ness in Christianity: referring to the sacred writings,
scourge the plague-during which the Europeans enas superior in antiquity and wiser in sentiment than tirely confine themselves to their houses, holding those of the wisest heathen philosophers. The stranger
communication but what is absolutely necessary with departed.
the exterior world ; their houses are barricadoed with * A divine flame," says Justin, was immediately as many precautions as if the city were besieged;
" The sullen door kindled in my soul, and I felt a sincere affection for
Yet uninfected, on its cautious hinge those prophets and excellent persons who were friends
Fearing to turn, abhors society." of Christ.” Considering the pious tranquillity and And the months of seclusion, when the “pestilence lively hope enjoyed and manifested by the disciples of walketh in darkness, and the sickness destroyeth in the Christ, he entered upon the study of the Scriptures, noonday,” appear to be of the inost awful and appalling and found the way of salvation by the light of divine nature.- Mrs. Elwood. truth. He retained the habit and the title of a philosopher, while he devoted himself with active zeal to
HILL OF IRON. serve the cause of the Saviour. Justin was a man of sterling piety and enlarged benevolence of heart. He This hill is situated in Brazil, on the left of the road wrote several “ Apologies” for the Christians, and for
from Queluz to Villa Rica, rather more than a league the doctrine of eternal life by faith in Christ Jesus. from the former place. It is described by Mr. Luccock There is something so respectful and dignified in the
as “ one entire mass of iron, so perfectly free from any introductory inscription to the First Apology, written
mixture of common soil as to produce no vegetable about A. D. 150, that we give it here. "To the Em- whatever, being covered with a complete coating of peror Titus Ælius Adrianus Pius Augustus Cæsar ; and
rust, or oxide of iron. The hill is so lofty and steep to his son Verissimus, the philosopher; and to Lucius,
that its top was not discernible; but, from its more the philosopher, the natural son of Cæsar, but the
elevated part, nodules of corroded metal had rolled adopted of Pius, the lover of learning; and to the sa
down, and greatly embarrassed the road. At the foot cred Senate, and to all the people of Rome; in the
of the mountain, the soil is red clay mixed with ponbehalf of men of all ranks and nations unjustly loaded
derous brown dust. As we advanced, the metal seemed with public odium and oppression ;-1, Justin, the son to become less pure, until after an extent of two of Priscus, and grandson of Bacchius, natives of Flavia
leagues and a half, it altogether vanished, and was sucNeapolis of Palestine Syria, --1, who am one of this
ceeded by the common clayey land. I had often heard suffering multitude, humbly offer this apology." He
of this immense mass of metal, but none of the reports then proceeds to justify the Christians against their
had presented an adequate picture of it to the imaginaaccusers and persecutors, and to show the agreement
tion. The very core of the hill, as far as we could judge, of the gospel with the dictates of sound reason. “ We
appeared to consist of vast blocks of iron in tables ; are called Atheists,” says Justin, “and indeed, as it
and it is so singularly free from alloy, as to produce, respects your false gods, we confess the charge; but
when smelted, 95 per cent. of pure metal." we acknowledge the true God, the father of righteousness, of purity, and every virtue, who is infinitely re
A Hint to more Missionary Efforts. moved from ali mixture of evil. Him, together with “ Three means of raising money easily : the Son, and the prophetic Spirit, we reverence and
“I. A tribing increase of industry: making saleable adore with the worship of truth and reason.
articles. Crescens, a philosopher at Rome, having been vanquished by the arguments of Justin, in several public
“ II. By a little more frugality and self-denial in disputations, plotted
way of living. imprisonment, in which he suffered grievous torture.
"JII. By appropriating a small part of the annual
income to the object. No threats or pains could induce Justin to sacrifice to the idol gods of Rome, when Rusticus, the prefect of
“Is it not possible to persuade Christians to do so
much for the universal praise of their Redeemer, and the city, condemned him, and six pious companions
the salvation of all nations ?" with him, to be beheaded. They went to execution tri.
From “ The Conversion of the World; or the claims umphantly, and in their Jast moments brought honour to the Redeemer !
of six hundred millions of heathens, and the ability and duty of the churches respecting them,” by the
Rev. Gordon Wall and Rev. Samuel Newell. A book Making the effort of faith, is realizing the dispen- strongly recommended to be perused by all who love sation and acting accordingly."--Rev. J.H. Stewari. the Lord Jesus Christ.
BOOKS OF STERLING MERIT.
TO-MORROW. Lives of EMINENT MISSIONARIES. By John Carne, How sweet to the heart is the thought of to-morrow, Esq. Vol. I. J2mo. cloth, pp. 348. Fisher, Son, and When Hope's fairy pictures bright colours display! Jackson, London.
How sweet when we can from futurity borrow Eminent Christian Missionaries are the greatest be- A balm for the griefs that afflict us to-day! nefactors of the world. Their instructions include When wearisume sickness has taught me to languish the present and the eternal interests of mankind, and For health and the comforts it bears on its wing, effectually promote civilization, and the comforts of Let me hope! oh! how soon it would lessen my anguish, this life, as well as the enjoyments of religion, and the That to-morrow will ease and serenity bring. possession of immortal bliss. Divine inspiration has declared, “The righteous shall
When trav’ling alone, quite forlorn, unbefriended,
Sweet hope! that to-inorrow my wanderings will cease, be had in everlasting remembrance.” This declara
That at home then with care syinpathetic attended, tion has been gloriously illustrated in the case of the
I shall rest unmolested, and slumber in peace ! first missionaries of Christianity, the Apostles of Christ. They were the greatest benefactors of mankind : blessed
Ah! when from the friends of my heart long divided, themselves of their gracious Master, they were con
The fond expectation with joy how replete, stituted the means of inestimable blessings to all the
That from far distant regions, by Providence guided, kingdoms of the earth. Men of God who have fol
To-morrow may see us inost happily meet ! lowed in their footsteps, entering into their labours, next When six days of labour each other succeeding, to them deserve our highest veneration : and though
With hurry and toil have my spirits depress'd, the most “eminent missionaries” were only as “earthen What pleasure to think, as the last is receding, vessels,” in which they carried “this treasure” of the To.morrow will be a sweet Sabbath of rest! gospel of Christ, they are entitled to our most grateful And when the vain shadows of time are retiring, remembrance.
When life is fast fleeting and death is in sight, With sincere pleasure, therefore, we introduce to our The Christian believing, exulting, expiring, readers this volume before us, rejoicing to find so much Beholds a to-morrow of endless delight ! valuable and edifying information compressed into so But the infidel then! 0, he sees no to-morrow, small a compass, and published in so cheap a form. Yet he knows that his inoments are hastening away ; We find in this beautiful work, an ample account of Poor wretch! can he feel, without heart-rending sorrow, John Eliot, whose surprising labours ainong the In- That his joys and his life will expire with to-day? dians of America entitled him to be called, “The Apostle of the Indians,”-of the early Danish mission
Miss Parkin. to Tranquebar- of Christian Frederick Swartz - of Hans Egede, of the Moravian Mission--of John Kier
BELIEF. nander-of Hocker, and Antes. Withont extracting BELIEF, an act upon which, from its frequency, we from this volume at present, we are sure that the scarcely reflect, so rapidly does it pass across our connames of these eminent missionaries will alone be a sciousness, but by successive repetitions of which we sufficient recommendation of it to the public.
arrive at all truth--becomes the humble, and in itself A Visit TO THE South Seas, in the United States
the inadequate, but, by the power of the Divine Spirit, ship Vincennes, during the years 1829 and 1830; with
the mighty instrument of a change, the magnitude of notices of Brazil, Peru, Manilla, the Cape of Good
which eternity alone can discover. He who believes, Hope, and St. Helena. By C. S. Stewart, M.A., Chap.
belieres to the end; and the acts of faith though minutu lain in the United States' Navy; and Author of "A
are yet many. Herho believes must be for ever choosings Residence in the Sandwich Islands in 1923 and 1825."
between the visible and the invisible,-preferring the fuEdited and abridged by Williain Ellis. 12mo. cloth,
ture to the present, and postponing that world which is pp. 440. Fisher, Son, and Jackson, London.
visibly spread around him to that larger sphere of existMr. Stewart becare known from his visit to this
epee which the Scriptures hold out to him, but which country, on his return from his missionary labours in. lies dim and shadowy, unpeopled by present interests, the Sandwich Islands. From his intelligence and piety
and unshaped by our earthly imaginations. “This is we were prepared to expect an interesting volume in
the victory, which overcometh the world, even your the work before us : but it is superior to what we an
faith.” By the faith of Jesus "we look not at the ticipated. It contains a great variety of information
things which are seen, but at the things which are relating to the improvement of the South Sea Islands pot seen,” and thus, to us faith becomes " the substance by means of the labour of our Missionaries. Many
of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” islands are still without the ministers of the gospel of peace; among which, licentiousness and murder reigu, Our valued Correspondent CLERICUS shall appear next week.
The present Number was at Press when his communication as formerly in Tahiti. Of this islaud and others, where
came to hand. missionaries have laboured, Mr. Stewart remarks, "the last wars in the islands were previous to any influence, London: Printed and Pablished by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court, gained by the inissionaries, over either chiefs or people.
Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid;
should be addressed; — and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the Since the establishment of Christianity, there has been United Kingdom. an uninterrupted peace; and as to other bloodshed, the Hawkers and Denlers Supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by Creill, Rev. Mr. Noit assured me, that he had not heard of a Paternoster Row; Benger, Hollywell Street, Strand; and DOUGLAS,
Portman Street, Portman Square. murder among the natives for fifteen years."
Birmingham, by Butterworth. Norwich, Bowles... y lobi
Bristol, Westley and Co.
Portsea, Horsey, Jun.
wid While thine assembled friends around
Chipiping Norton, Smith,
Romsey, Hants, Gray.
Liverpool, Willmer and Smith. Uxbridge, Lake.
Worcester, Lees. They may the flood of sorrow pour,
1 Newbury, Vardy.
And in Paris, by G. G. Bennis, No. 55, Rue Neuve St. Angustin. And thou in smiles be dressid.
Of whom may be had any of the previous Parts or Numbers,
piece of ground at Islington, to commence the erection of a new College, which has been completed, at an expence of 20,0001., raised by voluntary contributions.
OPENING OF HIGHBURY COLLEGE.
HIGHBURY COLLEGE, ISLINGTON. HIGHBURY COLLEGE, Islington, near London, is the largest seat of learning among the Englislı Dissenters, for the education of their ministers. It belongs to the Congregational Independent denomination. This ele. gant edifice was completed in 1826, for the accommodation of forty students, with suitable buildings for library and the residence of its tutors.
Highbury College originated in the exertions of some zealous lay gentlemen, who in 1778 established an institution, called “the Evangelical Academy.”. Au academical house was taken at Mile End, and the students were placed under the instruction of the Rev. Stephen Addington, D.D. In 1791, the establishment was removed to Hoxton, where it flourished under the care of the Rev. Robt. Simpson, D.D., the Rev. William Harris, LL.D., the Rev. Henry Foster Burder, D.D. and other eminent men. The growing importance of this institution rendered a more commodious situation necessary; and the treasurer, Thomas Wilson, Esq. with his accustomed liberality, gave the munificent donation of two THOUSAND GUINEAS, the price of an eligible
Highbury college was opened on Tuesday, Sept.5, 1826, for the sacred purposes for which it was erected. Aecording to previous appointment, the Rev. Thomas Morell, Theological tutor of Wymondley College, commenced with prayer. Then followed, from the Rev.H.F. Burder, M.A., Philosophical Tutor of the Institution, an interesting and eloquent address, on the history of the Seminary, and on the circumstances and views ihat had led to the erection of the new College. After the close of the address, the Rev. John Pye Smith, D.D., Theological Tutor of Homerton College, offered up a most fervent and comprehensive prayer for the blessing of God on the Institution, and on all who may hereafter teach or study within the walls of this most commodious building. The Rev. W. Harris, LL.D., Theological Tutor of the College, then delivered a solemn address on the spirit and principles that should govern all the
PRINCIPLES OF THE TUTORS AND STUDENTS OF
future proceedings of those who have the inanagement Jesus Christ for salvation, ought from time to time to of this school of the prophets. And the whole was closed celebrate the ordinance, commonly called the Lord's by a fervent prayer offered up by the Rev. George Col- Supper, in commemoration of his death.” lison, who presides over the Academy at Hackney for the education of young men for the ministry: 'The STUDIES PURSUED AT HIGHBURY COLLEGE. service was conducted in the area of the building, in which an awning had been erected for the accommoda- The studies pursued at Highbury College are such as tion of the company.
are included in the idea of a “ liberal education;" but those branches especially, which are peculiarly suited to the office and duty of a well-instructed minister of the gospel. Perhaps the best exhibition of their studies
will be given by the report of an annual examination : Our readers will naturally desire to know the prin- we transcribe the following for 1829. ciples which are inculcated at Highbury College ; that “We, the undersigned, having attended the usual it may be seen whether they are worthy of propagation examination of the students at Highbury College, have through the nation, and whether the Institution is
the greatest pleasure in bearing testimony to the dilideserving of public support. There are no “ Articles
gence and proficiency which they have displayed in of Religion” published by the friends of this Institu
the Classical and Hebrew langnages. The proceedings tion, which its students are required to subscribe, as of the day were such as to reflect the highest credit on in the Church of England: but we believe the doctrines of the Protestant Reformation are taught upon its
the Institution; on the ability of the excellent Tutors
by whom it is conducted; and on the talents and appli. foundation -- the principles for which the British Mar
cation of the students. tyrs died-the great points in which Luther and Calvin,
“Copious portions of the books professed were read, Cranmer and Knox, were agreed. We are happy in at the option of the chairman, viz. being able to give that information from the Trust
“ Class of the first year. The four Georgics ; the Deed of the College. In the clause relating to “ the
first six books of the Æneid; the Analecta Minora ; Students," it states, “ That the Students shall be Pro
and the first book of the Odyssey. testant Dissenters of the Congregational or Independent “ Class of the second year.— The (des and Epistles denoinination, holding the doctrines hereinafter set
of Horace; the books of the Odyssey; and an Oration forth, that is to say:
of Lysias. “That there is only one God, the Creator, Preserver, “'Class of the third year.--- In Cicero, the Orations and Governor of all things, revealed under the mysteri- against Catiline; the 1st, 2d, and 9th Philippics; the ous distinctions, commonly called Persons, of the
first book of Herodotus ; and the Edipus Tyrannus of Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; to each of whom
Sophocles. the distinguishing properties and glory of the Divine *Class of the fourth year.— The 10th, 13th, 15th, Nature are equally in the highest sense attributed.
and 16th Satires of Juvenal; the first and second “ That through the transgression of Adam, human
books of Thucydides; and the book of Job in Hebrew. nature is entirely depraved ; and all mankind becoming sinners, are justly liable to all the punishment of sin,
(Signed by) “J. HUMPHRYS, LL.D. both in this world and in the world to come, throughout
“E. HENDERSON, Ph.D. eternity.
“W. J. Hore, A.M. “That in such a state of misery would all men have
“Eben. MILLER, A.M.
“ Jos. BERRY. remained without exception, had not God in his love purposed to show mercy to the fallen race of Adam, “On July the 1st, the students were examined in through the mediation of Jesus Christ his only begotten theology and several branches of literature, before the Son, why being truly God and truly Man in one person, Rev. Samuel Rooker, in the chair, Rev. Dr. Bennett, made a proper and sufficient atonement for sin, by doing and other ministers and gentlemen. Several essays were and suffering all that was necessary to manifest and read, and questions answered upon philosophica) and honour the righteousness of God, in the forgiveness theological subjects; when it appeared, that the classes of sin.
of students had respectively pursued a course of study “That such atonement is the sole ground or con- in Mental Philosophy and Ethics, the Elements of sideration on which any one is saved from everlasting Algebra, Civil and Ecclesiastical History, the Interprepunishment due to his sin, and is brought at length tation of Scripture, the Evidences of Christianity, to everlasting happiness.
Systematic Theology, and Hebrew Antiquities and “That every one, who, believing in the efficacy of Philology. that atonement, makes it the sole ground of his hope “In the evening, the annual meeting was held at the for eternal salvation, becomes, through the grace of College, T. Wilson, Esq. in the chair ; when the report God, a partaker of all its blessings.
of the past year was read and adopted ; and theological “That, in order to overcome the criminal indisposi- essays were read by two of the senior students; one on tion to obey the will of God, and to accept of his saving the Doctrine of the Incarnation, the other on the Memercy, which is in all men as sinners, the Holy Spirit diatorial System.” disposes and inclines those, whom God has from éternity chosen to everlasting life, to trust in Jesus Christ the
QUALIFICATIONS OF THE STUDENTS AT HIGHBURY Mediator, and also to study and obey the will of God
COLLEGE. in all things until death.
“That it is the duty of all men to obey the com- We have no connection with Highbury College ; but mands of God, respecting the dispositions of the heart, we understand that the students who are admitted upon and the conduct of the life.
the foundation, are required to possess the following " That not only persons of adult age professing qualifications. their faith in Christ, but also the infant children of Physical strength and intellectual capacity, as indisprofessing Christians, ought to be baptized by the pensably necessary to prosecute a course of study, and application of water, in the name of the Father, the to discharge the active studies of the ministry. Son, and the Holy Spirit; and that all who believe in Personal piety, as essential to the Christian character; and purity of morals, as especially requisite in a minister found the haughtiness of many, that (yet) would be of the Gospel.
called Christians, and even near Christ himself! There Decision of mind on the important doctrines of the is in both of you (if it were well taken to heart) enough
to prick the swelling, and let out the aposthumed matcompassion for the souls of nien for the Redeemer's ter of pride from a many of us, whose look, gesture, sake—and aptness to teach and preach the word of gait, and swelling words of vanity are too big for everlasting life. Besides a tolerable measure of gram- Bethlehem: whose whole carriage and course is, as matical knowledge.
if they were to be saved by one that came out of the These qualifications are required to be testified by great city Nineveh, or Grand Cairo, rather than out the minister under whose pastoral care each candi. of the little hamlet of Bethlehem. date has been united in church fellowship; and before For little Bethlehem's sake, love the virtue that is he is admitted to the College, the candidate undergoes like it (i. e. humility); and for the virtue's sake, honour an examination by a sub-committee of ministers, and it. Honour it: there is a star over it; there is a Saviour other gentlemen, they having been previously satisfied in it. Honour it for that which comes out of it; fo' with his testimonials, as to personal piety, inoral the fruit it yields; more good comes forth out of tha character, and the soundness of his religious princi- poor town (to us) than from all the great and glorious ples. Students are required to be under twenty-eight cities in the world. Good Nazianzen tells us, it gives years of age, and the term of study includes four years, us our introduction to Paradise : it gives us a guide, if besides in some cases one or two years previous study we will follow Him that will bring us thither, to our under some minister in the country.
original happiness.” EMINENT MEN FROM THE COLLEGE AT HIGHBURY. Regarding this Institution as the same as that for
A TRUE FRIEND. merly carried ou at Hoxton, many ministers of distin.
CONCERNING the person you call your friend, tell me, guished eminence might be named, who were introduced into the field of the Gospel by its operations. But it
will he weep with you in the hour of distress? Will may be sufficient to mention only Dr. Morrison, who
he faithfully reprove you to your face, for actions which has been honoured by the blessed God, more perhaps
others are ridiculing or censuring behind your back?
Will he dare to stand forth in your defence, when than any scholor of ancient or modern times (unless
detraction is secretly aiming its deadly weapons at your we except Dr. Carey at Serampore), in being enabled to translate the Holy Scriptures into the Chinese language.
reputation ? Will he acknowledge you with the same cordiality, and behave to you with the same friendly attention, in the company of your superiors in rank and
fortune, as when the claims of pride and vanity do not BISHOP ANDREWES ON THE NATIVITY.
interfere with those of friendship? If misfortune and For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he losses should oblige you to retire into a walk of life took on him the seed of Abraham."- Heb, ii, 16.
in which you cannot appear with the same distinction, “It was much, even but to look after us; to respect us
or entertain your friends with the same liberality as so far, who were not worth the cast of his eye; much
formerly, will he still think himself happy in your to call us back; but more, when we came not for all society; and instead of withdrawing himself from an that, to send after us. For if He had but only been
unprofitable connection, take pleasure in professing content to give us leave to come to him again; but
himself your friend, and cheerfully assist you to supgiven us leave to touch but the hem of His garment, port the burthen of your affliction? When sickness (Himself sitting still, and never calling to us, nor
shall call you to leave the busy scenes of the world, sending after us); it had been favour enough: far
will he follow you into your gloomy retreat, listen with above that we were worth. But not only to send by attention to your tale of symptoms, and minister the others, but to come Himself after us; to say, 'Get
balm of consolation to your fainting spirit? And me a body, I will myself after him ;
this was ex
finally, when death shall burst asunder every earthly ceeding much. But yet, this is not all; he gave not
tie, will he shed a tear upon your grave, and lodge the over His pursuit, though it were long and laborious,
dear remembrance of your mutual friendship in his and He full weary; though it cast Him into a sweat,
heart, as a treasure never to be resigned? The man a sweat of blood. He spared not Himself; but followed
who will not do this-he may be your companion, His pursuit, through danger, distress, yea through
your flatterer, your seducer ; but depend upon it he is death itself: followed, and so followed, as nothing
not your friend.
AMICUS CAUSA. made him leave following till He overtook.” “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given.”
“There are soine persons, who so long as they fancy
Isa. ix, 6. you look upon them as all perfection, will be amazingly “The Child, to import His human; the Son, His
pleased with you: but if they have let out their corDivine nature. All along his life, you shall see these
ruptions before you, and they think you see them in two. At His birth, a cradle for the Child; a star for
their true colours, they immediately dislike. When the Son. A company of shepherds viewing the Child;
this temper appears, it proves to a certainty that all a choir of angels celebrating the Son. In his life :
their seeming love to you was only love to themselves : hungry Himself, to shew the nature of the Child; yet
and that as the pride of their being thought something feeding five thousand, to show the power of the Son.
first begat it; so when they are conscious that you can At His death; dying on the cross, as the son of Adam;
no longer have the same opinion of them which you at the same time disposing of Paradise, as the Son of
had at first, pride meeting with a mortification, they God.”
can no longer bear you, because you know them. As
the whole train of evils proceed from within, what necil "But thou, Bethlehem Ephratal, though thou be little among have all to be earnest at the throne of grace, that they the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth
may obtain that precious faith, by which alone the unto me that is to be ruler in Israel.” - Micah v, 2.
heart can be purified, and he made a fit temple for the “O thou little Bethlehem ! and 0 thou little Beth- sweet spirit of love to dwell in!”-Sir R. Hill's Deep lemite! how do you both (both place and person) con
Things of God.