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Brahmans; one mode of doing which is, by spreading BRAHMINICAL HAUGHTINESS,

a cloth before the door of a house where many are asIGNORANCE produces superstition in the lofty mind of sembled at a feast; as' each Brahman comes out, he man; and superstition degrades him below the dignity shakes the dust from his feet upon this cloth. Many of a rational being. Priests, in all ages, have taken miraculous cures are said to have been performed on advantage of the ignorance of mankind; and, by persons swallowing this dust."-Bapt. Miss. Papers. cherishing the consequent superstition, have trampled From these passages an idea may be formed of the upon the reason and honour of their fellow, creatures, degradation of the common people in India, and of the while they have elevated themselves as a kind of divinities. despotic influence of the priests. How unlike the jea

The Engraving above represents a HIŅDOO PROS- lous piety and the genuine benevolence of Christianity, TRATING HIMSELF at the feet of his spiritual teacher, as seen in its chief ininisters, the Apostles of Christ ! a Brahman. The Brahmans, or Bramins, are the priests To Cornelius, about to do him homage, Peter said, of Hindostan; who are regarded by the dcluded Pagans, "Stand up; I nyself also am a man."

.Acts x, 26. as a kind of divinities ! The Hindoo writers affirm And Paul with Silas at Lystra, when, their miracles that the Brahmans proceeded from the month of having demonstrated their divine mission, the priest of Brahma, their suprenne god. Agreeably to this fable, Jupiter astonished, “ with the people would have done none but persons of this caste are adipitted to the sacrifice," "rent their clothes, and ran in among the priesthood, or have any thing to do with inaking laws; people, crying out, and saying, Sirs, why do ye these and they have taken care to turn this privilege to their Things? We also are men of like passions with you, and own account. No Brahman can be put to death, by preach that ye should turn from these vanities unto the their law, for any crime whatever ; while, on the other living God." Chap. xiv, 13, 14, 15. hand, to kill a 'Brahman is one of the greatest sins Lord Teignmouth, President of the British and Fó. that can be committed ; and every offence committed reign Bible Society, formerly occupied an official staagainst them is to be punished with rigorous severity.' tion in India, and having mentioned some horrid prac

To drink the water into which a Brahman's toe has tices encouraged by the Brahmans, says, “ It may been dipped, is considered a very great privilege. Per- perhaps seem strange to some, who have been taught to sons may he frequently seen carrying water in a cup, consider the Bramins as a sect of saints, venerable for and intreating the firsi Brahman they meet to put his learning and piety, to find them denounced by the Britoe into it; after which they drink the water, and pros- tish Government in Bengal, as the author of inhuman trate themselves before the Brahman, who bestows his practices; but the truth is, that many of the Bramins in blessing on them. Others are to be found who endeavour Hindustan are as grossly ignorant and uneducated as to collect the dust from the feet of a lack (100,000) of the meanest peasant in England.”

opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY,

thy hand. When thou tillest the ground, it shall not CAIN AND ABEL.

henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and

a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.” Gen. iv, The Trial, Sentence, and Punishment of Cain. 11, 12 Cain, having perpetrated the dreadful deed, could find How astonishing, that God did not strike him with a no peace. His guilty mind was tormented with the thunderbolt, and overwhelm his malevolent, guilty soul most piercing reflections. Already he felt within his into hell! But the earth is to be the executioner of the awakened bosom, the gnawings of “the worm that Divine sentence. Nature herself rises against the san. never dieth,” and the burnings of that “fire which is guinary violator of the tenderest fraternal ties. The never quenched.” No witness appears to announce the earth hardens herself against the wretch, who could horrible deed to his parents. No human sound is heard, take away a brother's life. Divine vengeance pursues except the groans of raving anguish, which burst forth the abandoned monster, and the ground which he cul. from the miserable murderer himself. But blood has a tivates receives another malediction. voice-every drop of innocent blood shed by violence Cain has no hope of interest in the mercy of God. has a tongue--it cries aloud - it reaches heaven-it How miserable the guilty creature, terrified with the penetrates the ears of God, the righteous Judge of stings of an accusing conscience, and a prey to the all the earth, and it cries for Divine vengeance! No terrors of an affrighted imagination. 0, what a lesson cry pierces heaven like that of blood-and how power- to the young, to beware of the first risings of a reful must be the voice of the blood of an innocent, a vengeful spirit, to watch against the beginnings of pious, a murdered brother !

envý; lest, under the beguiling influence of their watchThe eye of Omniscience beheld every part of this dia- ful enemy Satan, they be deluded to forget their Maker, holical procedure, and marked the accumulations of and to commit the most dreadful acts of iniquity. its increasing guilt. Some pains were probably taken

“ So wicked Cain was hurried on by the wicked wretch, to prevent the eye of man from

Till he had killed his brother." discovering the mangled remains of his righteous bro- Under the oppressive weight of his guilt, and feeling ther's corpse ; stupidly forgetting, that “all things are unquenchable fire burning in his troubled soul, he naked and open unto the eyes of Him, with whom we cried out in his anguish. The tremendous sentence have to do." But a righteous judgment soon overtakes necessitates the murderer to speak: but it is the lanthe abandoned transgressor. The inhuman culprit is guage of sullen desperation.' Cain exclaims, “My summoned by a voice from heaven, and he must appear punishment is greater than I can bear.” This is the at the tribunal of divine justice. “And the LORD said expression of indignation. He makes no acknowledgunto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother?

ment of his crime, nor of the enormity of his guilt. This demand was sufficient to strike through the in- Instead of justifying (iod, in his righteous sentence, he most soul of the most hardened criminal, and to pro. condemus him. He manifests no sorrow for sin – he is duce “a certain fearful looking-for of judgment and not humbled by genuine repentauce-nor does he supfiery indignation," if not of penitential humiliation. plicate, in a single petition, the pardoning mercy of But the influence of the evil spirit, to whom he had God. Such is the universal conduct of the wicked. yielded up his mind, rendered the heart of Cain almost They complain of their miseries, and curse their misas impenetrable as a stone. In stubborn sullenness, fortunes; but do not implore the sovereign mercy of and shameless insensibility, he dared to tempt the wrath God to sanctify their unholy natures. How different of the Almighty, by uttering a direct falsehood to the the expression of a penitent, as exhibited in the fiftyface of his Naker! “And he said, I know not.” His first Psalm. In that instructive piece, the evil deplored conscience being seared as with a hot iron,” he far- is sin, in its unspeakable offensiveness to the holiness ther insults the LORD God, by asking, “Am I my bro- of God;-in Cain, it is only the complaint of its punish. ther's keeper?"

ment. How shocking the reply! How full of the grossest The voice of Cain is once inore lifted up to Godhypocrisy and iniquity! Surely the wickedness of a but not in prayer. “Behold, thou hast driven me out human being never appeared with such dreadful aggra- this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face vations! He even reflects upon God himself, as if He shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond had failed in his care of Abel! He is dead to every in the earth : and it shall come to pass, that every one feeling of shame. He feels no remorse for his own that findeth me shall slay me,” ver. 14. How natural atrocious crimes. He grieves not for the injury done was it for Cain to be filled with fear : for being a mur. to his parents. He regrets not his murderous passion. derer, he had forfeited the privileges of social life, and He fears not the vengeance of the Almighty, whom he even of life itself. He is justly apprehensive that the had so daringly provoked.

hand of every man would be raised against him, to Cain exhibits to us the most affecting example of an avenge the innocent blood of righteous Abel, his broInfidel matured in his unbelief, and lost to all sense of ther! religion, of honour, and of humanity.

The goodness of God still appears in the measure of The gentleness of divine mercy having no beneficial relief afforded to this wretched outcast. “Vengeance effect upon his impeniteut heart, the LORD God pro- is mine: I will repay, saith the LORD." “ And the ceeds to penetrate and awaken his hardened mind with Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him the piercing arrows of conviction. “And he said, should kill him.” This appears to have been done, not What hast thou done?Ah! what indeed! This was only to warn every one against touching him ; but as a suficient to barrow up his soul. This question had token of disgrace, to distinguish him from the rest of been put to Eve, after eating the forbidden fruit; and mankind, and to exhibit him to all as the cruel mur. it will sooner or later be addressed to every trans- derer of his own, his younger, his religious brother! grensor— by whom it must be answered fully, and with Curscd of God, whom hic now regarded as his eneiny, the testimony of a quickened conscience.

“Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and Cain refuses to speak: but innocent blood lias al. dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden,” ver. 15. ready uttered its voice to be heard at the judgment seat What a picture of a wicked man! In impenitent des. of God! The Lord therefore added, “The voice of pair, “he willingly renounced God and religion, and thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. was content to forego its privileges, so that he might And now thou art cursed from the earth, which hath not be under its precepts. He forsook Adain's family

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and altar, and cast off all pretensions to the fear of termed) came into this country, and their first priory God, and never came among good people, nor attended was erected at Clerkenwell, and burnt by the rebels in God's ordinances any more. -Henry.

1381. On the expulsion of the knights from Rhodes Our young readers may desire to know more of the by the Turks, Charles V presented Malta to the Grand land of Nod. To them it is to be observed, that the

Master of the order of Jerusalem, and they then asword Nod, in the Hebrew language, signifies vagabond, sumed the name of Knights of Malta, which their brave or restlessness ; and the meaning is, that Cain led a rest- acts have rendered illustrious in the page of history. less, wandering life, in the east country, a prey to the But, alas ! for them, where are they now? Well terrors of an accusing, a guilty conscience.

might Burke exclaim, “ The days of chivalry are They may also desire to be informed, what the mark over!Of them whose deeds once kept the world alive was, which God set upon Cain : to which we reply, it with lustre and with noise, nought remains but splendid is not possible for us to ascertain ; and as it does not tombs and stupendous fortifications, to tell us such men coucern our edification to know, God has not been once existed. pleased to direct Moses to gratify our curiosity.

The Maltese, though they have lost the barbarity, Some infidel cavillers have asked, How could Cain have not lost the hospitality for which they are famed be afraid of being killed, by any man finding him, when in holy writ; they indeed showed us no little kindthere was no man besides Adam, his father, living? Our ness, and for courtesy to strangers their island richly young friends should regard such an objection as be- deserves to be termed “ the flower of the world.” traying extreme ignorance: for Adam had many sous To those, however, who are anxious for the spread of and daughters. Gen. v, 4. Now, as Cain was about one Christianity, this little barren insulated rock, which is hundred and thirty years of age, and as many being said to have been colonized by the Phænicians 1500 born soon after him and Abel, supposing them to marry years before Christ, is in many points of view particuat the age of twenty, the family of Adam must have in- larly interesting, being the head-quarters of the Miscreased in several generations, to many-it is calculated sionary labours in the Mediterranean. The excellent by learned men, from the increase of the Israelites in and highly respected Mr. Jowett, was then (1827) on Egypt, to one hundred thousand inhabitants, at the time the station, and labouring most earnestly in his vocaof this awful affair. Cain might therefore reasonably tion; and we procured some Arabic spelling books of utter such an expression of fear.

him, which we subsequently distributed to some of the

wild Arabs we met with in our journey. MALTA. . The Maltese term their island “ the flower of the

REMARKABLE ATTACHMENT OF A DOG. world.” To the patriot, his first best country is always A few days before the overthrow of the dreadful Rohome: but I have gazed on the Malta landscapes till I bespierre, a revolutionary tribunal in the north of have really thought them pretty. Sea-views they ought France had condemned to death a Mr. R., an ancient rather to be terined, for the dark blue Mediterranean, magistrate and most amiable man, on a pretended concalmly sleeping in its bays, or dashing furiously over spiracy. He had at that time a spaniel about twelve the rocks, generally meets the eye wherever it is turned. years old, which had been brought up by him, and had

This little barren rock, in the midst of the ocean, scarcely ever quitted his side. This faithful dog was with with no fresh water but that which falls from heaven, him when he was first seized, but was refused admitno indigenous production but a few jujube trees, and tance into the prison. Every day however the dog reno soil but what is brought from afar, has by the hand turned to the door of the prison, which was still shut of man been covered with magnificent edifices, almost against him. Such ceaseless fidelity at last won the impregnable fortifications, and by the prowess of its heart of the keeper, and the dog was allowed brave knights its name has been enrolled high in the to enter : his joy at the sight of his master was unannals of glory

bounded, and it became difficult to separate them ; but The naine of La Valette alone would be enough to the jailor fearing for himself, carried the dog out of consecrate this spot in the imaginations of all to whom prison, and he returned to his place of retreat. For valour aud mental courage are dear; but it has higher some weeks his visit was daily repeated, and admission claims to interest, for in holy writ, under the name of as regularly granted. When the day of receiving senMelita, it is famed for the shipwreck of St. Paul, and tence arrived, the dog forced his way into the hall, and for his sojourn of three months. The bay which was couched himself between the legs of the unhappy man, the scene of his escape is still pointed out and retains whom he was about to lose for ever. At the fatal hour his namne; and there is also shown the spot where he of execution, this faithful animal alone, dared, even shook off the viper and felt no harm,” since which time under the eye of a tyrant, to own a dying friend ; and it is said neither snake nor venomous animal has dared when the body was interred, he spread himself upon to enter Malta.

the grave; on that cold pillow he passed the two first The celebrated order of the Knights of Malta, de. days, but a neighbour of his deceased master's, who rived its origin from the charity of some rich citizens had sheltered him during the imprisonment, caressed of Italy, who in 1050, by presents to the caliph of him, and by kindness induced him to eat; three months Egypt, obtained his permission to erect a church and passed away, during which the wourner went every two hospitals at Jerusalem, which were originally sup- morning to the house of his protector, merely to reported by alms and contributions. Godfrey (a Norman ceive his food, and then returned to the grave. Means conqueror) endowed them with an estate in Brabant, were at length essayed to wean him; he was first tied, and many of his brethren devoted themselves to the and then chained ; but what manacle is there that can perpetual service of way-worn pilgrims. As the asso- ultimately triumph over nature? He escaped from his ciation acquired importance, the brethren took a reli- bonds and returned to the sepulchre, which he never gious habit, and in the twelfth century, the friars first again quitted. It was in vain that all kind measures became soldiers, and the great men of Europe seut their were used once more to bring him back; he could not sons to Jerusalem to be trained up in religion, and in even be in luced to eat; each day he became more knightly discipline and feats of arms.

meagre and more languishing, till at length his atIn the year 1260, the order was divided into the tached and generous heart gave way, his whole frame seven principal languages of Europe ; and in the reign became conyulsed, and he breathed out his last gasp of Henry 1, 'the Hospitallers (as the knights were then upon the grave of his lamented master.

On Viewing a Relic of Old St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet ADVENTURES OF A POUND OF COTTON.

Street, London, which was recently pulled down. Labour is wealth,” is an axioin which may be admiThou to dust'art crumbling now,

rably illustrated by the “ adventures of a pound of

cotton,” while in the most instructive manner it shows Once of English oak a bough, But in times so far remote,

the importance of trade to Great Britain. India fur.

nished the wool, and from the interior, perhaps a disThat thy growth we cannot note.

tance of 500 miles, it was brought to Calcutta ; from that From thy native forest brought,

port it was conveyed by ship to London; from London By the workman's chisel wrought,

it went to Lancashire, where it was manufactured into A noble destiny was thine,

yarn; from Manchester it was sent to Paisley, where it In the house of God to shine.

was woven; next it was sent to Ayrshire, where it was Since thou wast fix'd within its wall,

tamboured ; afterwards it was conveyed to Dumbarton, A noble prop that did not fall,

where it was hand-sewed; and then returned to Paisley, Though time hath worn both wood and stone,

whence it was sent to a distant part of the county of And fre* hath raged, and winds have blown,

Renfrew to be bleached, and again returned to Paisley;

whence it was sent to Glasgow, and was finished; and Hadst thou a voice to tell of all

from Glasgow it was forwarded to London. It is diffiThe changes thou hast seen befal, Since first was pealed the marriage bell,

cult to ascertain precisely the time taken to bring this

article to market; but it may be pretty near the truth Since first was tolled the solemn knell,

to reckon it three years, from the time it must have Deep would the warning be, but vain,

been packed in India, until in a finished state it arrived And to the winds thou wouldst complain ;

at the merchant's warehouse in London, whither it must But thus with all it would not be ;

have been conveyed at least 10,000 iniles by sea, 1,000 For I have interest deep in thee.

by land, and contributed to reward no less than 150 'Twere vain to seek, since record none

people, whose services were necessary in the carriage Exists, who laid its earliest stone ;

and manufacture of this small quantity of cotton, and "I were vain his name or state to prove

by which the value has been advanced 2,000 per cent. Who there first preach'd a Sariour's love :

METHOD OF STUDYING THE HOLY SCRIP. What pilgrims here were shown the way, From this dark world to endless day;

TURES. Or martyrs cheer'd to meet the fire,

We must place ourselves in the point of view from In those dread times of popish ire.

which the Bible contemplates surrounding objects, that My interest springs from later days,

we may see all things in the clear light of revelation. And voices heard in prayer and praise ;

We must feel as well as think with the inspired writers; Romaine ! an ever-honoured name,

and, entering into their sentiments and reasonings, be Grace! sovereign grace! I've heard proclaim.

carried along with the inain stream of their argument,

till we arrive at all their conclusions, and find their Since, loud and sweet was heard a voicet,

thoughts possessing our minds, and their very words Bidding a ruin'd world rejoice ;

arising to our lips. Thus shall we be cast into the Proclaiming life through Jesus' blood,

mould of Divine Revelation, and take the stamp of its 3.. And calling sinners home to God.

godlike and immortal image. In taking the Bible to & And some who heard have passed away ,

be our guide to sacred truth, we may enter with equal buv Who through a long and glorious day

clearness into the Divine thoughts, and inake it the Will ne'er forget the time and place

standard of our judgment and feeling, even in things Where they receiv'd renewing grace.

remotely connected with Revelation ; bearing it3 tone The writer of these lines can prove

of sentiment upon our liearts, like a strain of music, How he displayed a Saviour's love.

which blevds with the imagination long after the inThus, relic dear, I'll prize thee more

strument is silent.- Douglas's Errors of Religion. Than brightest gems from India's store. A nobler temple may arise,

in the Towns of the United Kingdom, by those Booksellers and But none so lor'd shall charm these eyes;

Newsmen to whom Subscribers address their orders. Being unFor dearer is thy dust to me,

stamped, it cannot be transmitted by post as a newspaper. Than all the future pile can be.

But for the convenience of our country friends and others, who S. H.

four weeks in parts, each including four mümbers; excepting in * It escaped the Great Fire, 1666, and a dreadful storm in June and December, in each of which a part will be published 1703.

containing six numbers. No extra charge is made for the + Rev. J. F. Denham.

wrapper: so that the whole annual expense of the twelve parts The Authoress' beloved and lamented son was one.

will be 45. 4d.
London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court,

Fleet Street; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid) Rev. Rowland Hill's advice to those who frequent

should be addressed ; — and sold by áll Booksellers and Newsmen in the Ræces.—“Some people tell you not to go to the races; United Kingdom.

Hawkers and Dealers Supplied on Wholesale Terms, in London, by Stell, but I say to you, Go if you like ; but if you have the

Paternoster Row; Bergen, Holywell Street, Strand; and Douglas, grace of Jesns Christ in you, you will not like.”

Portman Street, Portman Square.
St. Augustine said, on hearing the faults of others, Birmingham, by Butterworth. Portsea, Horsey, Jun.

Brighton, Saunders and Son. Romsey, Hants, Gray. "Oh! my Jesus, if thou didst not uphold me, I should

Bristol, Westley and Co.

Smith.

Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hellyer. fall far more deeply.”

Salisbury, Hibbard.
Manchester, Ellerby.

Southampton, Fletcher. “When called to rebuke,” St. Gregory says,

HE Macclesfield, Wright.

Uxbridge, Lake. zeal is all indignation, but true zeal is full of com.

Nereport, Isle of Wight, Rowden.
Norwich, Bowles.

Worcester, Lees.ew. India passion."

Nottingham, Wright.

Worthing, Carter. “ First name Christ's name to your God, and then

Oxford, Wheeler. Gunnel logo
And in Paris

, by G. G. BENNIS, No. 55, Rue Nueve St. Augnstio. to the world.”—Anon.

O of whom may be had any of the previous Parts or Numbers.

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PALMYRA. THE TADMOR OF KING SOLOMON. PALMYRA, whose magnificent ruins now strike every traveller with astonishinent, was a'noble city of Syria, about ten miles in circumference, on the borders of Arabia Deserta. Historians of the highest authority agree that it was one of the store cities which Solomon built for the purpose of carrying on his surprising com. merce with India; J Kings x, 14-29; 2 Chron ix, 1328. Its Syrian name, Tadmor, 1 Kings ix, 18; 2 Chron. viii, 3, 4, and its Greek one, Palmyra, are both descriptive of its situation in a spot abounding with palm trees.

Tadmor was originally a water station, in the desert between Syria and Mesopotamia, at a convenient distance between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea ; it was frequented by the caravans which at that period conveyed the rich cominodities of India to Western Asia and Europe. It was situated in a most delightful spot, surrounded by a vast sandy desert, and enclosed with mountains on the east, north, and west sides.

Josephus, speaking of Solomon, says, “When he had therefore built this city, and encompassed it with very strong walls, he gave it the name of "Tadmur ; and that

Vol. I.

is the name it is still called by at this day among the Syrians; but the Greeks name it Palmyra

Dr. Robertson, in his “ Historical Disquisitions concerning Ancient India," says, “Its happy position at the distance of 85 miles from the river Euphrates, and about 117 miles from the nearest coast of the Mediterranean, induced its inhabitants to enter with ardour into the trade of conreying commodities from one of those to the other. As the most valuable productions of India brought up the Persian Gulf, are of such small bulk as to bear the expense of a long land carriage, this trade soon became so considerable, that the opulence and power of Palmyra increased rapidly.”

Towards the close of the seventeenth century, as Dr. Robertson remarks, “some gentlemen of the English factory at Aleppo, incited by what they heard in the East concerning the wonderful ruins of Palmyra, ventured, notwithstanding the fatigue and danger of a journey through the desert, to visit them. To their astonishinent they beheld a fertile spot, of some miles in extent, arising like an island out of a vast plain of sand, covered with the remains of temples, porticoes, aqueducts, and other public works, which in magnificence were not unworthy of Athens or Rome in their most prosperous state. Allured by their description of thein, about sixty years thereafter, a party of more enlightened tra

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