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moved, in the House of LORDS, armies triumphant. It was a grand be
and magnificent triumph for Eng. Lori Bolton, who said he should land to make a peace, when her not enter into any detail of the navies and armies were every where preliminaries, as the papers were conquerors from the frozen seas of not then before the horise; but he the North to the pillars of Hercould not avoid pointing their jord- cules; and from Africa to the reships attention to the sentiments of inotest shores of Asia and America. piternal atlection expressed by his When the uexampled achieveinajesty, in announcing the adjust- ments of that band of heroes, who ment of the differences with thie had rescued Egypt froin its inNorthern Powers, and the signing vaders, were made only to restore of the preliminaries. As for peace it to its rightful owner, and the itself, it had been so strongly idt triumphs of our armies were only to be desirable, that men did not accessary to that spirit of moderalow themselves tiine to doubt of tion, which dictated our appeal to its being advantageous, but gave
His lordship, after paying free and unbounded indulgence to the highest tribute of praise 10 their joy: the leading articles of our commanders in Egypt, observed, the peace were universally known that when the peace was made it and approved of, bat 110 circum- was evident that the integrity of stance attending it appeared to him Europe could not be preserved; more worthy of consideration than bad it becii possible to preserve it, the fitness of the time at wlrich his it would have been effected by the majesty's ministers had concluded power of Great Britain, the preliminaries of the peace. They had not done it at a time when a
Si Pergama dextrâ
Defendi possint, etiam hâc defensa deficiency of supplies was felt; No, he saw with pride and satisfaction that ministers had chosen a time His fordship concluded by moving for making peace when our re- an address which, as usual, was an sources were in full vigour, and echo of the speech. ilrn the nation had displayed its Lord Lifford seconded the address, ancient character, by the manly and compared the situation in which d determined posture of defence the country then stood, with that Auto which it had voluntarily put alarming situation in which it was itself when threatened by invasion. at the time parliament was conHe admired also the fitness of the vened in the preceding year: when Sice for coincluding peace, because it the war assumed a new terror from 135 not at a time when we had any the memaced intcricrence of the wing to fear for our security, when Northern Powers; while we had our arms had been unsuccessful, our the gigantic force of France to constrength exhausted, or our spirits tend with nearer home, and the broken. On the contrary, the fate of Egypt still hung in 'suspeace was concluded at the mo- pense. Such was then our situament the most auspicious to the tion with respect to foreign powers. British character, when our Var domestic situation was still sources were unimpaired, and our more melancholy: the sovereign
was affiicted by a severe indispo- tories never surpassed in the annals sition, our administration divided of this country, and secured by among themselves, government for moderation ; a plentiful harvest disa time inefficient, and the people pelling every fear of famine ; and threatened with the borrors of an an event no less glorious than the immediate famine, and the country peace with France, no less advanalso menaced with invasion, and tageous to the interests of this this invasion calculating as means country, the arrangement of the of success on the disloyalty of num- disputes with the Northern Powers. bers of his majesty's subjects. At After expatiating at considerable present all that alarm bad disap- length on those topics, his lordship peared, and we had the plea-ure to concluded, by moving an address behold our beloved sovereign in the similar to that which was proposed full enjoyinent of his healih, in the other house. cising the best and most amiable Colonel Woodhouse seconded this of his privileges, announcing the address. return of peace, and all its bless- Mr. Fox then rose to express his ings, to the people. The blessing most sincere and cordial concurof God had dissipateil, by the last rence in the address, and his apabundant harvest, all danger of probation of the peace which had famine; and the nation, after a been at length obtained. This was long and glorious struggle, might an event on which he could not prepare to taste the blessings of suppress his joy and exultation : peace.
event in which the people of EngThe duke of Bedford, in a short land had the greatest cause to respeech, expressed his concurrence joice and exuit. At present he with the address. He, however, should not trespass further upon differed from the noble mover in the attention of the house, than to one sentiment; he could not agree offer this short but sincere express that this was precisely the tittest sion of his sentiment on the event, time to make peace, he thought it and to declare liis assent to the could have been more titly made at address. a more early period.
Mr. Pitt rose also to express his The address was then agreed to, satisfaction on the event which had nemine dissentiente.
been announced in his majesty's In the Commons, the same day, speech ; for the present, he should the address was moved by
forbear any observations upon the Lord Lovain, who hoped, that subject of the preliminaries, but as the event which his majesty's when he came to express his mospecch had announced had been tives for rejoicing in the attainment approved of by the great majority of peace, possibly they would be of the nation, so the address which found, very different from those of he should have the honour of pro- the right honourable gentleman posing, would be generally, if not (Mr. Fox) who spoke last. Whatuniversally, approved of in that ever opinion he might entertain as house. His lordship recapitulated to certain of the preliminary artithe various subjects of national ex- cles, he approved generally of the ultation. A peace, gained by vic outline, We owed this event to
the gollantry of our ficets and ar- it was to light him to a feast or a mies, and that good conduct in the sepulchre ? He must most people of England, which he had. lemnly pronounce, that it was his ever considered as our best security; firm persuasion, that ministers, in and events had proved, that as long signing this peace, had signed the as the people of England were true death-warrant of the country. The to themselves, and their represen- only thing which France wanted tatives true to their interests, they to enable her to divide with this had nothing to fear from external country the empire of the seas was, foes.
such a participation of coinmerce Mr. Windham said, that if this as to enable her to extend her navy; address was to pledge the house to this participation they had now ob-. approve of the preliminaries speci- tained. He should not, however, fically, he could not support it; find fault with ministers, if they but as it gave no such pledge, he could show that such a peace was should support the address, but at a safe one, if they could show that the same time give a general outline there was an absolute necessity for of the reasons for which he differed it. Such a necessity, however, he from the sentiments which other did not perceive. These topics gentlemen had expressed about the would, however, be more fully dispeace. He could not avoid differ- cussed at a tiiture day. mg, on this occasion, from his The chancellor of the exchequer right honourable friend (Mr. Pitt), (Mr. Addington), declined going from whom to differ he always con- into the discussion of the prelimisidered a misfortune. He was naries, as they were not fow be- , aware, that to stand as a solitary fore the house; his right honourmournier in the midst of general able friend (Mr. Windham); who exultation, to wear a countenance professed also to feel the improclouded with sadness, while all pricty of entering into such disothers are lighted up with joy, cussion at present, had, however, was at once unfortunate and na- advanced opinions and suggestions, gracious. He could not avoid, which he could not permit to pass upon this oecasion, differing from uncontradicted. He must answer, those gentlemen (Mr. Pitt and Mr. that it was not by the extension Fox), who had so often heretofore of our territories by conquest, but differed on every subject of the by preserving our constituition, and war, though now they coincided defending our own possessions, that in approbation of the peace. It we would possess the best securities struck him, however, in a different for our rights, and for the extenpoint of view, and he must ask, sion of our commerce. He had Were the circumstances of the conceived that his right honourable peace the subject of joy and exul- friend would be the last to depretation? When he was cailed upon ciate the finances of the country to put on his wedding suit he must and its resources; he was therefore inquire whether it was a marriage surprised to hear him suggest that or a funeral he was called to cele- the accedence to the treaty on the brate? When he was desired to part of England, was the effect of illuminate, he must learn whether necessity, and fruin want of means
to continue the contest; he dis- could by no means agree. He dirclained the motive so assigned; he fered from him when he characdisclaimed being party to any such terized the peace as glorious and piea. Ile must publicly declare, honourable. He dittered still more that had it been found necessary to from those who conceived it to be continue the contest, no deficiency inexpedient to make pace at all. whatever would have been found in He considered this as a peace inthe finances and resources of the volving a degradation of the nacountry. He concluded by antici- tional dignity, which no truly Eng. pating the unanimity of the house lish heart could bebold with inditon the motion for the address. ference; such, a peace as the war
Mr. Sheridan admitted the pro- had a necessary tendency to learl priety of abstaining from discussion to. The war, he considered as of the merits of the treaty, and as he one of the worst wars in which the saw no great objection to the address country had been engaged; and as it now stands, he felt no wish to the peace as good a one as any disturb the unanimity of the house. man could make in the circun-He approved of the address the stances in uliich the country was more for not being an exact echo placed. of the speech, as the speech con- Earl Temple agreed in the getained distinctions and characters neral sentiment of waving for the of the peace which he could by present the discussion of the peace, no means admit that it deserved. and supporting the address. As to the unanimity, however, with giving his support to the address he which this address was likely to by no means pledged himself to pass, he believed, if the time was support the peace, which, considercome for gentlemen to speak their ing its terms, lie could not approre real sentiments, there never was a of. period of less unanimity. The right After a few words from Mr. honourable gentleman has spoken James Martin, the address was puf of the peace in terms in which he and carried unanimously.
CH A P. II.
Copies of the Curention with Russia laid before the House of Lords-and
Commons.-11 innly Mr. Grey for Papers--Ly Mr. It hitbread on the Seound Artick of the Preliminaries.- Inuiry ly Lord Grenville on the Subject of Portugal. - Alleress to the King moved for in the Lords on the Peace. – Dulate. - Speeches of Lorts Romney-Limerick-Spencer-Duke of Clarence - Pelham---Grenville-Chancellor-- Moira-Mulgrave -Duke of Balford – Fitzwilliam-St. Vincent- Nelson—The Marquis of Buckingham - Carnarvon-Hobart. - Division.- Address carried.
X Friday the 30th of October, stances, in which so much had been
copies of the convention with given up without any equivalent, the emperor of Russia, and of the such unlimited concession made, so preliminary articles of peace with much disgrace incurred, and the naFrance, were presented to the house tion placed in such awful circumof lords by lord Pelham; and to the stances of impending peril. He house of commons by lord Ifawkes- hoped, however, that his noble friend bury.
would, by an express declaration, In the house of lords, lord Gren- render the motion unnecessary. viile roe
to move for copies of Lord Pelham regretted extremely all treaties and conventions made that the noble lord should think it within the last year by France with necessary to oppose the measures of any of the powers which were allies his majesty's ministers on so imporof his majesty : the object for which tant a point. With respest to the he moved those papers was to ex- production of these papers, he ob. plain that article of the preliminaries served, that while maiters stood in which respected the integrity of negotiation between this country and Portugal, inasmuch as by one treaty France, such papers could not be Portugal had ceded a province to laid upon the table, without conSpain, and by another a still greater siderably embarrassing his majesty's proportion of its territory to France: servants, and endangering the pubhe wished then much to know what lic interests. was this integrity of Portugal which Lord Grenville said he did not was guarantied by the preliminaries, mean to embarrass bis majesty's or what claim the government had ministers, nor oppose
their measures, to the praise of fidelity in securing unless in matters of such import as the poisessions of our allies. For left him no option. On the conbis part, he was of opinion that trary, he was ready to give them all there never was a transaction of any the assistance and support he could, kind in the history of our country, provided they would act with more at any pericd, or under any circumfirmness and vigour in maintaining