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Modern techniques of city water supply depend increasingly on
on the prevention of tuberculation guarantees easy flow of water for many years.
More and more water supply schemes in our country
A WALCHAND GROUP INDUSTRY – CONSTRUCTION HOUSE, BALLARD ESTATE, BOMBAY 1. Shilpi IHP 320A “The Indian Hume Pipe Co. Ltd., Lucknow” Telephone No. 22542
water became 44 million gallons with stand posts on roads numbering about five hundred and all the principal roads and lanes were piped aggregating about 112 miles. By 1871 the number of house connections rose to 2460 with the daily average consumption amounting upto six million gallons a day.
When in 1888 southern suburbs were included within Calcutta municipality further extension in the water supply was done by installing three more pumping sets at Palta with four large Kutcha Settling tanks with a total capacity of 82,750,000 gallons, 24 additional filtered beds, a new 48 inches C. I. pipe main from Pulta to Tallah, enlargement of Tallah reservoir with a capacity of 3 million gallons and two new pumping engines at Tallah. A new pumping station at Halliday Street with an underground reservoir of 4 million gallons capacity and another at Bhawanipur with an underground reservoir of 3 million gallons capacity were installed.
In 1903 the supply per day came upto 20 million gallons, daily average per capita consumption was 21.5 gallons with a total mileage of filtered water pipes at 185 in the town and 133 in the added area making a total of 318 miles. While water after filtration at Pulta gravitated through the two mains into the underground reservoir at Tallah with a capacity of 8 million gallons, about 60 p.c. of the water from Tallah reservoir was pumped , into the underground reservoir at pumping stations at Halliday Street, Wellington Square and Bhowanipur through a 30 ft. trunk main. This system continued until the construction of the elevated reservoir at Tallah was made along with additional pumping sets both at Pulta and Tallah, constructed in 1911 under what is known as Mr. Maccabe's Scheme. It was designed to give a continuous supply to the citizens which was made obligatory under Act of 1899. But continuous water supply for 24 hours did not succeed mainly due to excessive wastage.
With increase of demand by pressure of population and development of the urban area it was found necessary for the Corporation tod raw up a Scheme to provide 70 mil
lion gallons of filtered water and 40 million gallons of unfiltered water daily. This scheme was provided by M/s. Moore and Bateman which was accepted by the Corporation on the 14th of December, 1921. The Scheme made a provision for supyly of 834 million gallons of filtered water and 65 million gallons of unfiltered water per day. Improvement and addition were done in the pumping stations, new settling tanks and filtered beds were made at Pulta while the existing 48 inches main pipe was extended to the delivery chamber of a new pressure station. A new 60 inches steel pipe was laid connecting Pulta with a new storage reservoir at Tallah. A new masonry reservoir of 10 million gallons capacity was made at Tallah for storage purpose. The pumping stations at Halliday Street, Wellington Street and Bhowanipur were abandoned. To this system recently a new scheme of laying a 27 inches steel pipe main from Pulta to Tallah with additional plants for supplying more filtered water, has bean put into force. The 72 inches pipe is nearly complete and with the completion of the additional supplementary provisions for augmentation of filtered water it is expected that the requirements of the citizens will be met.
The quantity of filtered water available having proved insufficient for the increased populasion the Corporation since 1953 started sinking big diameter size deep tube-well for augmentation of filtered water. This water is injected into the pipe lines supplying the consumers.
In the area of about 38 square miles, Calcutta has filtered water main measuring 642 miles and unfiltered water main 413 miles. Filtered and potable tubewell water measuring about 100 million gallons is distributed daily. Unfiltered water is pumped into its separate main measuring 65 million gallons from Mullick Ghat for supply to North and Central Calcutta while 25 million gallons is pumped from Watgunge pumping station for South Calcutta.
Can One Man Run A City ?
More municipal governments in USA, Canada and Europe are hiring city managers to handle administration. Below is the success story of a city manager in a Canadian town extracted from the Financial Post, Canada. His success formula is simple : “Stay out of politics and do the job”.
“Thire are some fe's le who have a vested interest in confused government. They like to Ætep it confused I don't believe that many of them think that out deliberately or carefully, but when they come right down to staring in the face of effective government, one really reflecfing the will of the pt of le, they homestly don't like it.” Chester Bowles
INDIANOIL SIGNIFIES PROGRESS
Today, INDIANOIL is of tremendous importance to the farmer, for high speed diesel oil (HSD) powers the tractor that enables him to plough to greater depths of fertility. It also runs farming equipment that sows the seed and reaps and threshes the grain. L INDIANOIL Signifies Progress and is indispensable to India's growing economy. The Indian Oil Company markets and distributes all over the country petroleum products that play a vital role in every facet of national life, in field, factory and the home. INDIANOIL is also the sole distributor in India of Mobil industrial and automotive lubricants, known for,
their premium quality. ,
$ndian Oil Company Limited, (a covernment windaunterolae HEAD OFFICE: Clarke Road, Mahalaxml, BOMBAY-34 • Worlsant BRANCM:"Rashmir, Carmichael Road, Bombay-26 wo. - Northern Branch: "Jeevan Vihar’, 3, Perthment Street, New DELHI-I - Gaot-RN BRANch: P-64 Dr. Sundari Mohan Avenue.' CALCUTTA-14 • southERN BRANCH: "Khivraj Mansion, 150-A Mount Road, MADRAG-2.
maa. IOC, 3180 a