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length he did this, he was still less in haft to apply it, that is, to shew its important use in explaining the Apocalytic visions [n]. Cool, deliberate, and severe, in forming his judgments, he was so far from being obsequious to the fancies of other men, that he was determined only, by the last degree of evidence, to acquiesce in any conclusions of his own [0] calyptica in 1627, at his own expence, and for the use of his friends. Pref. to his Commentary.

[n] His Commentary, on the principles of his Clavis, did not appear till 1632.

[O] “ I am by nature cun&tabundus in all things, but in this (his Exposition] let no man blame me, if I take more pause than ordinary." MS. Letter in Gen. Pref. p. 22. And again, in a Letter of reply ad animadverfiones Ludovici de Dieu, “ Eo ingenio sum (delicatulo, an moroso) ut nifi ubi interpretatio commodè et abfque falebris eat, nunquam mihi satisfacere foleam." WORKS, p. 569. Yet of this fage man, could the Bishop of Meaux allow himself to speak thus negligently-Il s'est rendu de nos jours célébre en Angleterre PAR SES DOCTES REVERIES sur l'Apocalypse. Hist. des Var. 1. xiii. p. 257. But M. de Meaux knew what he did, when he affe&ted this contempt of Jofeph Mede. He was then at liberty to turn himself from the ableft ad. vocate of the Protestant cause, to the wakeft ; I mean,

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In short, with no vanity to indulge, (for he was superior to this last infirmity of ingenious men [P])--with no interest in view (for the interest of Churchmen lay at that time, as he well understood, in a different quarter [9]) —with no spleen to gratify (for M. Jurieu, whose indiscretions afforded, indeed, ample fcope for the raillery of this lively prelate. Mr. Mede was not a man to be confuted in this way, and still lefs by a fanciful and ill-supported Exposition of the Apocalypfe.

[p] As appears from his backwardness to public his discoveries, and from his unconcern about the reception of them. But fee his Letter to Mr. Hartlib, Ep. 96, p. 881; and compare with his answer to Dr. Twille, , Ep. 51. p. 811. See allo Ep. 98, to Mr. Hartlib, Aug. 6, 1638, not long before his death, in which are these words :

“ I have not been very obtrusive unto men, to acquaint them with my notions and conceits—for some of them that are but lately known have lain by me above these twenty yeats." P.883.

[2] The point of the Pope's being Antichrift, as a dead fly, marred the favour of THAT OINTMENT-meaning the merit he had of being known to entertain some opinions, then much cherished by the ruling clergy. Ep. 56. p. 818. He says afterwards of himself, in the same Letter --- I thank God, I never made any sbing bie therto the caster of my resolution, but reason and evidence, of what fiske foever the advantage or disadvantage fell.


even neglect and solitude could not engender this unmanly vice in him [r])with no oblique purposes, I say, which so often mislead the pens of other writers, but with the single, unmixed love of truth, he dedicated his great talents to the study of the prophetic Scriptures, and was able to unfold, in the MANNER I am now to represent to you, this mysterious prophecy of the Revelations.

He had obferved, that the miscarriage of former interpreters had been owing, chiefly, to a vain desire of finding their own sense in this prophesy, rather than the

[r] His friends speak much of his chearful dispoSition. But I draw this conclusion from the tenour of his life and writings; and, above all, from that famous declaration which he made in confidence to a friend, that, if he might but obtain a Donative fire curâ, of so much value as, together with his fellowship (of Christ's College in Cambridge,] should enable him to keep a borse, for his recreation, he would set up his staff for this world. 'App. to his Life, p. 40.-The fimplicity of this declaration, makes one confident of it's truth. And a man of so moderàte defịres, was in no danger of having his temper foured by disappointments.


sense of the prophet. Laying aside, then, all hypotheses whatsoever, he sate down to the book itself, and resolved to know nothing more of it, than what the frame and texture of its composition might clearly reveal to him. He considered the whole, as a naked recital of facts, literally expressed; and not as a prophetic scheme, mystically represented. In this way of inquiry, he discerned, that several parts of the history, whatever their secret and involved meaning might be, were bomogeneous, and contemporary; that is, they related to the same subject, and were comprised within the fame period; and this, though they were not connected in the order of the narration, but lay dispersed in different quarters of it. These several fets of historical paffages (or, of Vifons, to speak in the language of the book itself) he carefully analyzed and compared; shewed, from circumstances, not imagined, but found, in the history, their mutual relation and correspondency; 'and established


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his conclufions, as he went along, not in a loose way of popular conjecture, but in the strictest forms of Geometric reasoning. The coincident histories, thus classed and scrutinized, he distinguished by the name of SYNCHRONISMS; and gave them to the learned world, in this severe scientific form, without further comment or illustration, under the title of Clavis APOCALYPTICA, ot A KEY TO THE REVELATIONS.

In considering this discovery, which did so much honour to the profound genius and accurate investigation of its author, one clearly perceives how it serves to the end proposed.

First, it appears that the order of the Visions is not that of the events; in other words, that the prophecy is not to be so explained, as if the events, predicted in it, followed each other in the same train as the Visions. For the facts, which constitute the scheme or fable of the prophecy, literally and historically confidered, do not succeed to each other in that train; there


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