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THE GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

A NEW EDITION.

VOL. XVI.

Printed by -NICHOLS, Son, and BENTLBY, ked Liog Passage, Fleet Street, London.

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY:

CONTAINING

AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

LIVES AND WRITINGS

OF THL

MOST EMINENT PERSONS

IN EVERY NATION;

PARTICULARLY THE BRITISH AND IRISH;

FROM THE EARLIEST ACCOUNTS TO THE PRESENT TIME.

A NEW EDITION,

REVISED AND ENLARGED BY

ALEXANDER CHALMERS, F. S. A.

VOL. XVI.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR J. NICHOLS AND SON; F. C. AND J. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE ;
OTRIDGE AND SON; G. AND W. NICOL; WILKIE AND ROBINSON ; J. WALKER ;
R. LEA; W. LOWNDES; WHITE, COCHRANE, AND CO.; T. EGERTON ;
LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.; J. CARPENTER; LONGMAN, HURST, REES,
ORME, AND BROWN; CADELL AND DAVIES; C. LAW; J. BOOKBR ; J. CUTHELL;
CLARKE AND SONS ; J. AND A. ARCH ; J. HARRIS; MACK, PARRY, AND CO.
3. BOOTH; J. MAWMAN; GALE, CURTIS, AND FENNER; R. H. EVANS ;
3, HATCHARD; R. BALDWIN; CRADOCK AND JOY ; E. BENTLEY ; J. FAULDER ;
OGLE AND CO.; J. DEIGHTON AND SON, CAMBRIDGE; CONSTABLE AND co.
EDINBURGH ; AND WILSON AND SON, YORK,

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A NEW AND GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

IT

ner her bis flock after he used to me, having'a he was

GIOTTO, an eminent painter, sculptor, and architects was born in 1276, at a village near Florence, of parents who were plain country people. When a boy, he was sent out to keep sheep in the fiedsudhaving a natural inclination for design, he used to amuse himself with drawing his flock after the life upon sanid, in the best manner he could. Cimabue travelling once that way, found him at this work, and thence conceived so good an opi. nion of his genius for painting, that he prevailed with his father to let him go to Florence, and be brought up under him. He had not applied himself long to designing, before he began to shake off the stiffness of the Grecian ihasters. He endeavoured to give a finer air to his heads, and more of nature to his colouring, with proper actions to his figures. He attempted likewise to draw after the life, and to express the different passions of the mind; but could not come up to the liveliness of the eyes, the tenderness of the flesh, or the strength of the muscles in naked figures. What he did, however, had not been done in two centuries before, with any skill equal to his. Giotto's reputation was so far extended, that' pope Benedict IX. sent a gentleman of his court into Tuscany, to bring him a just report of his talents; and withal to bring him a de. sign from each of the Florentine painters, being desirous to have some notion of their skill. When he came to VOL. XVI.

B .

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