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of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for necessity of Salvation.
ART. XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils.*
ART. XXII. Of Purgatory. THE Romish Doctrine concerning Purgatory, Pardons, Wor
shipping, and Adoration, as well of Images as of Relics, and also. Invocation of Saints, is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.
ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation. T is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of
public preaching, or ministering the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard.
ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a Tongue
as the people understandeth. T is a thing plainly, repugnant to the Word of God, and the
custom of the Primitive Church, to have public Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understanded of the people.
ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments. ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be not only badges or SACE
tokens of Christian men's profession, but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our Faith in him.
* The Twenty-first of the former Articles is omitted ; because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, in other Articles.
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures : but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or operation : but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as Saint Paul saith.
ART. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinders
not the effect of the Sacraments. LTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled ALT
with the good, and sometimes the evil have chief authority in the Ministration of the Word and Sacraments, yet forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his commission and authority, we may use their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith, and rightly, do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences ; and finally, being found guilty, by just judgment be deposed.
ART, XXVII. Of Baptism. APTISM is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men
others that be not christened, but it is also a sign of Regeneration or New-Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed ; Faith is confirmed, and Grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God.
The Baptism of young Children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ..
ART. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.
THE Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that
Christians ought to have among themselves one to another; but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death : insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith, receive the same, the Bread which we break is a partaking of the Body of Christ ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.
ART. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ
in the use of the Lord's Supper. THE Wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith,
although they do carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are they partakers of Christ : but rather, to their condemnation, do eat and drink the sign or Sacrament of so great a thing.
ART. XXX. Of both Kinds. THE Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay
people : for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.
ART. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the
Cross. THE Offering of Christ once made is that perfect redemp
tion, propitiation, and satisfaction, for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifices of Masses, in the which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.
ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
God's Law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness. ART. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be
avoided. THAT person which by open denunciation of the Church
is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereunto.
ART. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. T is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in all
places one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely, doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church which be not
repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that others may fear to do the like,) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.
Every particular or national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolish, Ceremonies or Rites of the Church ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying
ART. XXXV. Of the Homilies. THE THE Second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof
we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people.
OF THE NAMES OF THE HOMILIES. 1. Of the right Use of the 10. Of the reverend EstimaChurch,
tion of God's Word. 2. Against Peril of Idolatry. 11. Of Alms-doing. 3. Of repairing and keeping 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. clean of Churches.
13. Of the Passion of Christ. 4. Of good Works: first of 14. Of the Resurrection of Fasting.
Christ. 5. Against Gluttony and 15. Of the worthy receiving of Drunkenness.
the Sacrament of the Body 6. Against Excess of Apparel.
and Blood of Christ. 7. Of Prayer.
16. Of the Gifts of the Holy 8. Of the Place and Time of Ghost. Prayer
17. For the Rogation-days. 9. That Common Prayers and 18. Of the State of Matrimony.
Sacraments ought to be 19. Of Repentance. ministered in
known 20. Against Idleness. tongue.
21. Against Rebellion. [This article is received in this Church, so far as it declares the Books of Homilies to be an explication of Christian doc