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with manuscript remarks by Oldys, communicated to me by Mr. Reed, this tract was also noticed among Oldys's additions to the publications of Milton. The same remark is made in a o volume of Tracts, belonging to the Archiepiscopal Library in Lambeth Palace, with additions apparently from a contemporary writer; additions, indeed, not exhibiting genuine claims to credit, yet curious and amusing; and in the following order.
1. John Milton's Speech for unlicensd Printing. 2. His Salve for ye Blind, a def: of ye Parlam'. 3. His Argument concerning ye Militia.. 5. His Jus. Populi.
6. Eixwvokláorns, his Answer to y® Kings Book. • 7. His Tenure of Kings. 4. The Parlamt Petition conc: ye Militia, & ye
The numbers 5, 6, and 7, have been altered by the writer of the preceding contents, as he had omitted to put number 4 in its proper place. And 5 appears to have first stood without his before Jus ; but is added evidently by the same hand. After the Jus Populi were also the following words, by some supposed to be his ; but these words are crossed through with the pen, and his prefixed, as I have before stated. The initials J. M. Esquire are printed in the title-page of the second of these tracts, and
the remarker has written under them J. Milton ; as he has also placed in the title-page of the fifth, which exhibits no name or initials, the letters J. M. But however careful and earnest this remarker has been, I am convinced he is mistaken, in attributing these two pamphlets to Milton. They exhibit indeed (particularly the latter) many energetick sentiments and expressions. The former, printed in 1643, opens with this pithy avowal to the Reader : “ It is not rhetorick but reason can satisfie the judgment. The former may cozen the conscience, and dazle simple men: the latter onely can satisfie the wise, and lead to truth. A rough diamond is precious, when the best wrought glass is despicable: the painted oratory which best pleaseth the vulgar, ill suits with the well-becoming gravity of a statist.” But, very soon afterwards, the author tells us that the unhappy state of things “ hath inforc'd a pen ever before still to expose itselfe to publike censure." The author therefore was not Milton. In the latter of these tracts, published in 1644, there is a passage so minutely concurring with Milton's observations on the same subject, as might almost lead the reader to admit the justice of the remarker's designation. “f The nature of Man being depraved by
Jus Populi, pp. 42, 43. Compare Milton's reflection on the political union of the fallen Angels, Par. Lost, B. ii. 496.
“ O shame to Men ! Devil with Devil damn'd
the fall of Adam, miseries of all sorts broke in upon us in throngs, together with sin; insomuch that no creature is now so uncivill and untame, or so unfit either to live with or without societie, as Man. Wolves and beares can better live without wolves and beares, than Man can without Man; yet neither are wolves nor beares so fell, so hostile, and so destructive to their own kinde, as Man is. to his. In some respects, Man is more estranged from politicall union than. Devils are: for by reason of naturall disparitie, the reprobate Angels continue without dissolution of order, and shun that confusion amongst themselves which they endeavour to promote amongst Men. But amongst Men, nothing but cursed enmitie is to be seen.” However, in a preceding page, the favourite topick of Milton's literary employment in 1644 is mentioned in such a manner as at once destroys the possibility of his having written the treatise. The author is speaking of divorce and repudiation : “ 8 And that,” he says, “ seemes discountenanced by our Saviour, except in case of Adultery.” This was not the doctrine of Milton.
By Anthony Wood we are next informed, that
“ Of heavenly grace : and, God proclaiming peace,
“ That, day and night, for his destruction wait.” & Jus Populi, p. 31.
Milton was thought to be the author of The Grand Case of Conscience concerning the Engagement, which was published in 1649-50; but Dr. Birch represents the style of the pamphlet as not in the least supporting such an opinion.
After his decease, however, there - appeared a work, into which, there is good reason to suppose, Milton had thrown many additions and corrections ; a work, Mr. Warton has well observed, i containing criticisms far above the taste of that period ; criticisms not common after the national taste had been just corrupted by the false and capricious refinements of the Court of Charles the Second; among which is a judgement on Shakspeare, not then, Mr. Warton believes, the general opinion, perfectly coinciding with the sentiments and words of Milton in L'Allegro;
“ Or sweetest Shakspeare's, Fancy's child,
for the judgement is, that “ never any expressed a more lofty and tragick height than this child of Fancy; never any represented Nature more purely
” Bishop Kennet notices in his Register, p. 321, this work, as having been published in 1660. See also the Catalogue of the late Dr. Farmer's books, p. 178, where a copy of this date is also mentioned. Yet the Imprimatur for Phillips's book is dated Sept. 14, 1674. And Milton's death is mentioned in it. There is, therefore, some mistake as to the noticed work of 1660.
See his Hist. of Eng. Poetry, and his Edit. of Milton's Smaller Poems.
to the life; and, where the polishments of art are most wanting, as probably his learning was not extraordinary, he pleaseth with a certain wild and native elegance.” Other traces of Milton's hand may certainly be discovered in this interesting volume, which was entitled, “ Theatrum Poetarum Anglicanorum, or, A Compleat Collection of the Poets, especially the most eminent, of all ages,” &c. and was published by his nephew Edward Phillips, in 1675.
Anthony Wood relates, that the Enchiridion Linguæ Latine, and Speculum Linguæ Latina, both published in 1684 by his nephew also, were all or mostly taken from the Latin Dictionary of Milton before noticed. The Satyr against Hypocrites, an extremely.coarse but curious picture of the times, published in 1655, and of which there have been several impressions, was also attributed to Milton, and even * advertised as his production. But his nephew Edward undeceived the world ; not suffering the leaves of this supposititious laurel to be torn from the brow of his brother John. “1 John Phillips, the maternal nephew and disciple of an author of most deserved - fame, late deceas't, being the exactest of heroic poets, (if the truth were well exa
* Even so late as in 1710 the poem was scandalously published with this deceptious title, “ Mr. John Milton's Satyre against Hypocrites, written whilst he was Latin Secretary to Oliver Cromwell.”
| Theatrum Poet. 1675. Modern Poets, pp. 114, 115.