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rate in my views and expressions. This of his declining years? And was it then was the great cause,-my dread of exciting to be wondered at, if the sufferings he had any unpleasant feelings, and a wish that endured he desired to revenge, and that all political animosities should for ever the cause of them fell beneath his avenging cease. But we live now in a new era,arm ?" &c. &c.-" We are now too strong for the

Such a statement, avouched by the tyrants.'

venerable gentleman, on his own The season of moderation to which authority, was calculated to produce the venerable agitator alluded, was a strong feeling against the agent who that period in which the great success had used his power so unmercifully. of a Conservative reaction in England It was followed elsewhere, by statemade it probable that Sir R. Peel ments of a similar character, and one of might again resume his proper place them having appeared in the Morning in the national councils. In that day, Chronicle, called forth from Mr Maher the priests “ feared to excite unplea a defence of himself, as landlord, and sant feelings, and wished that political of the memory of Mr O'Keefe, his animosities should for ever cease. murdered agent. All the charges Such was the effect of a Conservative preferred against that gentleman or government, even in dim and dubious himself, Mr Maher declared, were apprehension, upon the thoughts and utterly false. No tenant had ever temper of this apt representative of been ejected from his lands who did his order. It affected him with a not owe two years and a half or three paroxysm of Conservative feelingyears' rent; and none had been diswhich appears to have lasted until the possessed without receiving sums of coalition of Litchfield house had been money which reconciled them to re. confirmed in its ascendency, and moval. As to the story of the woman, Romanism, as the venerable orator it was an utter calumny. A woman, intimated, had converted Tories into not a tenant, had entered into a house " tyrants" by the ordinary process of from which a tenant was to be rebecoming “ too strong for them.” moved, forty-eight hours before the With Lord Melbourne at Pimlico, moment of dispossession, and even she and Lord Mulgrave at Dublin or received two pounds to purchase her Windsor Castle, and a sure though departure in peace. She was far small majority in the House of Com- advanced in pregnancy at the time, mons, moderate language was no and was shortly after delivered of a longer in keeping, and the archdeacon child, which, as well as the mother, could accordingly release himself from was living and in good health. In a rigorous self-restraint, and relieve fine, Mr Maher added, that the clergyhis hearers from the spectacle of a man who had given currency to a somewhat too irritating moderation malicious rumour respecting the deaths and propriety.

of both, having found out his error, With the remainder of the February wrote to him acknowledging the misspeech we have nothing to do. The take, and stating that the woman was portion we have selected will serve to alive. Such was the substance of Mr explain the extract from the November Maher's letter, which, as soon as it speech, and the incident with which it appeared, the archdeacon met by a is connected. The venerable divine contradiction to this effectappears to be excusing or explaining " I mentioned in my speech, that a poor the murder which had caused some of

woman was put out of her house on the the expected guests to absent them.

eve of child-birth ; that she was delivered selves from the Precursors' funeral,

of a child in the open air, and that the feast, and is reported to have spoken child died. This fact, sir, I never rethus.

tracted; so far from it, that, in an interview " I will tell you what I knew to be the which took place between Mr Maher and fact. I saw the mother turned almost

myself on the 30th November last, I renaked from her door. I saw her perish in

ferred him to the clergyman of the parish the throes of child-birth, exposed to the

where the woman still lives," &c. &c. inclemency of the weather; and let me

“ Quite satisfied with having thus contraask you, was not the husband of that

dicted the statement in Mr Maher's letter, woman and the father of that child a man? so far as I am concerned, Tremain, &c. &c. Was not she as dear to him as the apple

“ MICHAEL Lafran." of his eye? And might it not happen that Mr Maher is a Roman Catholic, that infant would one day be the support and, had not his veracity been thus doubly impeached, he would have, per, ly he becomes admonished that the haps, rather endured wrong from the pen had run too fast, and misled him priest than exposed him. Feeling, (there is precedent for such an error however, that, as a gentleman, only in the school-boy's excuse for his exone resource was left him, he pub- ercise--that " nobody could spell well lished his correspondence with the with such a bad pen)." On second archdeacon, and we extract from it thought, he contradicts the death it what appears to us most material. had hastily fabricated; and, finally,

In letter No. 1, Mr Maher refers in order to prove the accuracy of vi. to the statement of the archdeacon, sion with which he saw a woman die, that a woman and her child had both and the veracity of the report of that died, and requests to know the name, officiating clergyman whom he would &c. of the woman.

produce to prove that she was dead, No. 2.-The archdeacon, in reply, he is now ready to bring upon the declines mentioning name or particu- table another ecclesiastical witnesslars: he says, “I also added that the namely, the clergyman of the parish woman and child both died, and I am in which the anonymous revenant may prepared to produce the clergyman be found at this day, alive!!! But who officiated on the melancholy oc- the venerable necromancer belongs to casion."

a Church which retains the power to No. 3.-Mr Maher.-“I asked you work wonders. a plain and simple question, and must And now for the moral of our story. again beg a plain and simple answer. Archdeacon Laffan has not been in Did the turning out of the woman the least more forward-nor have his occur on my land ? What was her representations been more evidently name-with the name of the clergy- untrue, than his brethren and their man who, you say, officiated on the stimulating exhortations. Is Archmelancholy occasion ? "

deacon Laffan with the people, or No. 4.-The archdeacon corrects against them, in his judgment upon his letter, No. 2, and still declines to the - Landlord crime? Does he answer Mr Maher.

strive to moderate, or to exasperate “ Sir, In looking over the copy of their fury? Does he understate their my letter of the 20th to you, I find a sufferings, and speak with just severimistake made by me (currente ca- ty of their misdeeds, when uttering lamo' [query, does this mean the harangues which he knows they will pen of a precursor?'] I am anxious to read or have read ? Does he strive to correct. For the woman and child divest charges made against their landboth died,' read the woman sur lords of such extraneous matter as vived, and the child died.'-M. L." might render them injurious-does he

This is a curious correspondence, reduce them to their natural magniand merits a brief analysis. We shall tude, and speak of them with sobriety? begin with the speech.

Or, does he pander to the passions of Archdeacon, speaking, “ I saw the the people, by investing their atrociwoman perish," -writing, “ I did not ties with attributes of justice? Does see the woman perish, but I saw the he aggravate the bad feeling which clergyman who officiated when both wicked men have excited between mother and child were dead.

them and the landed proprietors, by Archdeacon, in correction-" the retailing, if not inventing groundless woman survived." “ I have referred and most detestable calumnies ?- We Mr Maher to the clergyman of the leave the reader to determine. parish where she lives."

Such is the course, like that of true 2. THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE. love, not running smooth, of the The Bribery and Intimidation Compriest's " personal narrative," re- mittee have given the answer in the minding us of Lord Plunkett's witty evidence they have reported. Tipapplication of the legal distinction be- perary, Carlow, Limerick, Waterford, tween “personals" and “ reals." At Cork, &c. &c., can attest, on the part the meeting, he spoke what he had of the priests, that they have not taught seen. In his study, the pen reminds another doctrine than the people have him that he had not seen the melan. embodied in their practice. choly event, but that he knew, and that somebody nameless had seen, an 3. E

3. Evidence IN A COURT of Law. incident still more afflicting. Present. Why is the character of a hireling murderer less odious than that of an the person accused to make an affidavit, as informer, however disinterested and to whether he did so or not; but that if conscientious ? How comes it that he declined doing so, he would order inpriests, favoured with all facilities for formations to be sworn to the fact, by the good, have in so numerous instances governor of the jail; and he would know enforced upon the " petty-larceny vil.

how to deal with him. The priest, by lains," stealers of five shillings or of way of a defence, in a Jesuitical manner, five pounds, the necessity of making

offered to swear that he did not look at the restitution, and that during the pe

witness more particularly than any other

person. But the anxiety on the part of riod (nearly a century) in which they

the crown counsel to hush up the matter, have been allowed to attend upon con

was so apparent to every person in court, demned criminals of their Church, to

that the good intentions of the learned the last moment of their forfeited lives,

s, judge were not followed up. The jury they have so seldom procured that sa

ed that sa- retired at three o'clock, P. M., to consider tisfaction to the laws of the land--the their verdict, and were discharged the discovery of crime, meditated or com- following day, at half-past twelve o'clock, mitted, which a true penitent should having been locked up the entire time, be ready to communicate? If the Ro- without either meat or drink, and having man Catholic priests think, and teach passed the night in a small comfortless their flocks, that it is an imperative room. The prisoner remains in custody, duty to give information whereby and will again abide his trial at the ensucrime can be punished or prevented - ing assizes." it is not possible to believe that the

3. OBLIGATIONS OF A Juror. people should hold the informer infamous, and yet reverence the instruc. We are common-place enough to tions which boast that he is to be ho. look for information on this subject to noured for the discharge of a stern duty. the doctrines of the Roman Church. We hold, that the law of opinion on “ The substance of papal doctrine, as this subject, as well as the former, co. regards judges and jurors, may be unincides with the law which the priests derstood from the following passage, a teach as of the essence of religion. We note in the Rhemish Testament in St offer but a single instance of the man. Matthew, c. 24, v. 27. 'Though Pilate ner in which priests think proper to was much more innocent than the Jews, exercise their power over witnesses and would have been free from the murIt occurred, according to our reports, der of our Saviour, seeking all the means at the Assizes in Longford.

that he could (without offending the peo.

ple and the emperor's laws) to dismiss “ An occurrence took place during the him, yet he is damned for being the ministrial, unhappily of late but too frequent in ter of the people's wicked will against his courts of justice, exhibiting the disgusting own conscience. Even as all officers are; and illegal interference of the Roman Ca- and especially all judges and juries, who tholic priests, in endeavouring to defeat execule laws for temporal princes against the ends of justice. A witness of the Catholic men, for all such are guilty of inname of Farrell, sentenced to transporta nocent blood, and are nothing excused by tion for life, at the previous assizes, and that they execute other men's will, accordbrought back specially by the government, ing to laws which are unjust,'&'c. Such is was produced on the table to give evie the doctrine of the Church of Rome, as dence. When about to be sworn, he cast taught in a book which one of her Bishops his eyes about, as if looking for some ac- pretended to disclaim, which is now proved quaintance, and immediately on his catch- to be one of her standard authorities. ing the eye of a Roman Catholic priest of In the winter of 1830, priests, in conferhis own name, the governor of the gaol, ence, to prepare themselves for their duty who stood behind the witness, and facing as leaders, discussed the question, "What the priest, stated boldly to the judge, are the duties of judges and jurors ?' The " that the priest opposite to him had twice following year afforded an illustration of nodded in a significant manner to the wit- the conclusion to which they came." ness,' who instantly declined being sworn *“ Fourteen individuals in the year as an evidence. The judge ordered the 1831, were murdered in the County Kilpriest to be put forward, and expressed in kenny, under circumstances which were the strongest manner his indignation at calculated to enlist every sympathy against such conduct, and stated he would permit their assassins. Trials were to be had at

* Doctrines of Church of Rome, &c. Mortimer, London. Page 31.

the Assizes of Kilkenny for these murders til men have been metamorphosed into (the massacre of Cruickshank, as it was beasts of blood-many youthful spi. called), and the attorney-general for the rits, fired with the love of adventure, a Crown was forced to move an adjourn. species of poetry in action which ex. ment,—not because popular feeling was alts and allures them into enterprises so excited against the murderers, that the which they court for the difficulty and culprits could not hope for a merciful

danger-are certainly at the disposal consideration, but because juries could

of most unrighteous authorities. But

of mica not be hoped to return true verdicts."

the great mass of the Irish people are 5. The CRIME OF PROTESTANTISM, OR weary of the life they lead--of the ter

CONVERSION FROM Rome. ror that cometh by night of the arDr M.Hale and the Ackill Mission row that

n row that fleeth in the noonday; and have rendered it unnecessary for us

whenever there is a hope held out of to prove that the priests not only

A GOVERNMENT-of an administration sympathise with their " subjects" in

which acknowledges other duties to hatred of Protestants, but lend them

the country than the duty of retaining selves to exasperate the feelings of place and power to harm it, which is hostility and estrangement.

resolved to do justice and to protect

those who will aid in their endeavour 6. Secret SocietIES, NOBLEMEN, &c. a new sight will be seen in Ireland

We dare not say that the Roman such a change as will recompense Catholic priests belong to these so those who live to witness it for many a cieties, because we have no direct day of trouble. But it is not a change proofs of their having joined them, upon which agitators or traitors debut we know thus much,

sire to look. It is not a change 1. The societies consist exclusive- which Romish priests desire to antily of Roman Catholics.

cipate. In identifying themselves 2. The societies contemplate the with the “popular party,” they know extermination of heretics.

the real strength of the people is but 3. The societies have not been ex- seemingly with them. In resigning communicated by Romish bishops; themselves to political atrocities,

4. And would not be excommuni. they have, as they know well, lost cated, to use the well-remembered that apparent sanctity of demeanour words of Dr Doyle, though “rebellion which had previously covered many were raging from Carrickfergus to sins. Their power has had its deathCape Clear."

blow, and the only matter in doubt Thus, it seems clear, that the pre- is, whether they can, by stimulants, judices and false principles which prolong a kind of galvanic life, until alienate " the people" from justice they have given a fatal shock to Eng. and law, have the priests also for land.-or if we are, beyond our deserts, their patrons and promoters. Legis, preserved to witness the subsidence of lators and magistrates should, there their power into a state in which it fore, remember that they are to go shall cease from troubling. Never, vern without the aid by which, certainly, was terror more significant ordinarily, law is strengthened. But and instructive than that which smote if they were wise and honest, the cir. Priest Laffan with Conservatism, and cumstances in which they learn this the confidence in encreased and supe. trutlı, would not daunt them. The rior strength, by which he was repriests and the agitators, and the covered from a transitory moderation. more hidden traitors, have a harder But whatever may be done by other task to keep their posts even now, than our present rulers, or by our prethan a well-principled government sent rulers with altered views, it is would have to dislodge them. Latent, clear that the priests have nothing to but not extinct, in the hearts of the apprehend from the system under Irish people, there are principles which the British empire is now go. which consistency and justice would verned. So far from resisting, the bring out, and which, once brought Irish Government promote their out, the empire of iniquity in Ireland views, as if, indeed, they had been is at an end. Organised, and armed, contracting parties to a league for and remorseless bands, villains in bringing law into disrepute, and for whom the instincts of cruelty and de. the introduction of anarchy. Our structiveness have been pampered, un- limits are almost reached, or, to speak more correctly, we have passed them,

EVIDENCE. and cannot pay this part of our T he magistrates of Carlow address, subject the attention its importance ed a memorial to the Government, merits ; but we must attempt a hur- praying an investigation into the conried proof that the principles of priests duct of a constable, and undertaking and precursors are those also which to prove charges of gross delinquency the Irish Court seems disposed to against him. Government denied bring into fashion. Indeed, after the their prayer, accepting the word of boast of the noble Viceroy, in the the accused party as a sufficient reply House of Lords, that, for the first to their accusation. The magistrates time in the annals of history, the remonstrated in a wise and temperate British Government was IDENTIFIED memorial, to which twenty-seven sig. WITH THE POPULAR PARTY IN JREnatures were appended. f This was LAND, it cannot be matter of surprise forwarded in the summer of 1837. It that the acts of the Irish part of the did not shake the resolutions of GoGovernment should be those of sym. vernment; but, in the following spring, pathisers (the word is American, but six of the subscribing magistrates were it shall stand) with the “ popular put out of the commission of the peace. cause." We will, however, enume- Bad encouragement for volunteer pro. rate in the detail, those principles of secutors! political ethics in which we have al- The Irish Government have, cer. ready seen the agreement of priests tainly, issued proclamations and offerand precursors.

ed rewards; but the rewards have, ge1. The LANDLORD CRIME.

nerally, been so insignificant, as rather - For the first time,” the Govern.

to seem intended for the purpose of

warning a culprit off (or, as the case ment has denounced* the landed pro

may be, setting him at his ease at prietary of the country, in terms upon

home), than with a hope of inviting a which Father Laffan could hardly improve, and with about as much rea

prosecutor. Perhaps, however, the

best scarecrow to keep off witnesses son, and decency, and truth, as the

and prosecutors has been set up by great necromancer himself.

Lord Normanby's “humanity." The 2. ELECTIVE Franchise.

constancy with which the laws of ViceIt is enough to say that the admini regal clemency have acted, so as that, stration depended upon a majority, to when conviction has overtaken offence, be obtained in Ireland. Barristers the royal pardon has hastened to take shifted about, according as their opin away the sting of conviction, must nions or their pliability adapted them have had a most pernicious effect. to the necessities of the various regis. No man will be easily induced to let trations-returning officers judicious- the culprit he is prosecuting “ take ly selected, in open defiance of the his picture” from the dock, when he judges' lists,-a cunning distribution has good grounds to apprehend that of the constabulary force, &c., may the man he has prosecuted to convicexplain how, “ for the first time," tion will afterwards meet him, not in since the Revolution, the British Go ghostly shadow or in dreams, but in vernment rejoiced in a majority, even bodily presence, armed, exasperated, by practices which tended to perpetu. and, by the grace of Lord Normanby's ate anarchy in Ireland. We have not mercy, free to wreck merciless venspace to speak of the methods to geance on the informer. “ You shall which success was owing at the Car. have your share” (perhaps a tenth) of low election, and to the consistent ini. forty pounds," cries out the proclama. quity with which it was afterwards tion to the witness, if you prosecute to followed out to the extreme. These conviction. " The man you convict circumstances have not been exposed, will be liberated, to work his will as they ought to have been, before against you,” cry out the thousands Parliament. We will not give up a whom the Viceroy has commanded hope, that even yet, that duty may the prisons and the hulks to disgorge, be discharged.

and those of whom he has robbed the

* Lord Normanby, in the House of Lords-Jr Drummond, from Dublin Castle, &c, † See Ryan's Disclosure, &c. &c.

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