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firmed in this persuasion, by the negative put on a motion, made on the fifteenth of July, to exact a declaration of fidelity, to the confiitution, from the clergy, as a condition whereon they should be permitted to exercise their functions. The refusal to comply with a requisition that appeared reasonable,

to the moderan of both parties, excited a violent dispute in the council. It was not till the next. day, that those who supported the motion were able to carry it, by an in mediate call of all the members on their fide that could be procured.


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that the most effectual method of
preventing it, would be to take
opposition by surprise, and, before
they had made sufficient prepara-
tions, to repel force with force; not
doubting, that, by previously striking
a successful blow, they would com-
pel opposition to submit, and, at
once, defeat all their plans.
In this determination, however,
only three of the direétory con-
curred. These were, Barras, Reu-
bel, and Lareveillere. They had
always professed republican princi-
ples, and had been long confidered
as the heads of that party: their
colleagues, Carnot and Barthelemi,
the latter especially, were reputed.
less firm in their adherence to it,
and more inclined to conciliation
with the opposition. What the
precise views of this party were,
were rather conjectured than ascer-
tained: but the general opinion
was, that their intentions were too
friendly, to the royalists, to permit
those who harboured them to enjoy
any share of authority in the re-
public; and that the sooner they
were expelled from their seats in
the councils, the greater would be
the security of the commonwealth.
This party was headed by men
of tried abilities, who perceiving
the necessity of ačting with deter-
mination and promptitude in the
present conjećture, resolved imme-
diately to aim a blow at that mem-
ber of the directory, whom they
confidered as the most dangerous
Reubel and La-
reveillere, though resolute and steady
republicans, were much less per-
sonally formidable than Barras, who
had been bred a soldier, and had
gone through many of the perils
attending a military life with fingu-
lar success and intrepidity. To him,


of their enemies.


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