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CHAPTER XI.-BASKET-MAKING BIRDS, continued.

European basket-making birds

The nest of a raven. at Selborne

The nest of the crow

The nest of the rook

Localities of rookeries

Rookery in the Temple-gardens

Proceedings of the colonists

Rookery in Carlton Palace gardens

Rook's nest on a vane at Newcastle

Rookery in a church spire

Antipathy of rooks to the raven

Rooks revisit their nests in antumn

African basket-making birds

The locust-eating thrush
The pensile grosbeak

Description of the nest by Pringle.
The bottle.nest sparrow of Hindostan
The sociable grosbeak

Fanciful account by Paterson

Correct account by Vaillant

British basket-making birds

Nest of the white-throat

Nest of the Dartford warbler

Nest of the reed warbler

Nest of the sedge-bird

Mistakes respecting the black-headed bunting corrected by facts

CHAPTER XII.-WEAVER-BIRDS.

The weaver oriole

Difficulty of a bird interweaving materials

Nests of the

hedge-sparrow and wagtail

Woven lining of the chaffinch's nest

Black hairs as often used as white

Nest of the greenfinch

Singular account by Montbeillard

American weaver-birds

The pine-creeper

The Baltimore starling

Interesting account of, by Wilson

Nest of the Indian sparrow

Said to be lighted with glow-worms

Account of, by Sir W. Jones ,

Recent account of, by an observer
Nest of the tchitrec, according to Vaillant

Illustrated from a nest of the yellow-hammer
Description from Grahame
Syme probably mistaken

CHAPTER XIII.-TAILOR-BIRDS.

Difficulty of a bird sewing with its beak

Wilson's account of the orchard starling

Pendant nést in the weeping-willow

Bonana starling

The tailor-bird of the East Indies

Probable mistake of Darwin
Process of sewing, as witnessed by Forbes

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CHAPTER XVI.--DOME-BUILDERS.

Probable design of covering in nests

Nest of the wren

Localities chosen

Process of building

Varieties in the materials

Lining of the nest

Nests of the marsh and the house-wren'

Singular localities chosen by the latter

Nest of the chiff-chaff
Nest of the hay-bird

Variety in the materials employed
Nest of the wood-wren

Different localities given by Montagu and Sweet
Nest of the gold-crested wren

Structure accommodated to shelter
Variety in the localities chosen by the house-sparrow

Quantity of materials very various
Similar nest of the towhe-bunting

Building of the clapper-rail
Nest of the dipper, or water-crow

Localities chosen

Nest described by Montagu

Nest of the magpie

Double opening accidental

Sociality of the magpie

Nest in a gooseberry-bush
Goldsmith's account of the nest
Contradictory statements

Description from specimens

Nest of the bottle-tit

Mistake of Derham

Description by Aldrovand

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Sparrows nestle in rookeries
Sociality of the purple grakle and the fish-hawks

Separate colonies of the grakles

Birds enticed to build about houses

Thrushes in France-Roman voleries

Stork-boxes in Holland

American contrivances, with similar design

Indians placed gourds for the purple martin

Habits of the American blue-bird, from Wilson

Its expulsion of the purple martins

Wilson's account of the purple martins

the blue-bird

The American house-wren

Expels the downy woodpecker

and the Baltimore starling

and the purple martin

Anecdote from Hector St. John

ib.

342

ib.

343

344

345

345

346

347

ib.

343

ib.

349

Owls take possession of the nests of crows

Anecdote from Wilson

The sparrowhawk appropriates the crow's nest
The flycatchers
Iủlustration from a colony of foreign rats

CHAPTER XVIII.-PARASITE BIRDS, concluded.
Ducks hatched by a barn-door hen
Supposed parasite habits of the night-jar

Various descriptions of the cuckoo's egg
Montagu's description of the young cuckoo
Sometimes taken for a separate species
Cuckoo taken for a hawk and for a pigeon
Young cuckoo taken for a night-jar
Nestling of the American night-hawk

Wilson's account of the whip-poor will

Cuckoo proved to have her eggs hatched by other birds

Testimony of Willughby

of Aristotle and Pliny

Improbable statement of Linnæus

Anecdote, from Klein

Experiments by Montbeillard

Disappearance of the foster-nestlings

Dr. Jenner's observations

Mistakes of Aristotle and Pliny accounted for

Testimony of Colonel Montagu

of Mr. Blackwall

Mistake of Montbeillard

His observations on hen-birds devouring their own eggs

Illustration from the sow and the cat

Experiment of Dr. Jenner

Nests in which the cuckoo lays

Observations of Mr. Blackwall

His estimation of the number of cuckoos in England, and the

number of eggs they anuually destroy
Experiments with eggs of various sizes.
Manner in which cuckoos deposit their eggs
Difficulty of introducing them in domed nests
An African cuckoo supposed to carry her egg in her bill
Vaillant's observations
Selection of the nests of insect-eating birds
Testimony from Darwin.

Dr. Jenner's explanation of the circumstance
The cow-bird similar in habit to the cuckoo
Testimony of Wilson

of Dr. Potter, of Baltimore :

Disappearance of the foster-mother's eggs

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ILLUSTRATIONS,

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Page 1. Rumkin, or Tail-less Cock

5 2. Night-heron

15 3. Pectinated Claw of Night-heron

15 4. Carolina Night-jar, or Chuck-will's-widow

16 5. Night-jar's Foot, showing the Pectinated Claw

17 6. Podargus Auritus

19 7. Magnified Plan of the Cleaning Instrument

24 8. Larva of the Glow-worm, using its Cleaning Instrument 25 9. Grub of the Glow-worm devouring a Snail

26 10. Turkey Buzzard and Black Vulture .

31 11. The Crane

40 12. King-bird of Paradise

45 13. King of the Vultures

46 14. Condor attacking a Puma

48 15. The Jack-snipe

50 16. The Dunlin

53 17. The White-headed Eagle and Fish-hawk

73 18. The Black-cap

75 19. The Aberdevine and Nest

78 20. The Wild Turkey and Young .

87 21. The Ruffed Grouse

92 22. Pinnated Grouse in the act of strutting

96 23. American Grouse (Tetrao obscurus)

98 24. The Ovarium, or Egg-organ

• 106 25. Embryo impregnated Egg

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